Marie galante is a harsh cotton of the Peruvian or Brazilian type.
On the 9th of December 1905 protocols were signed at Caracas accepting the line between Cucuhy and the Serra Cupuy located in 1880, and referring the remainder, which had been located by a Brazilian commission in 1882 and 1884, to a mixed commission for verification.
In general, Brazilian Guiana, as this plateau region is sometimes called, is one of the least attractive parts of the republic.
The greater part of the state belongs to the western extension of the Brazilian plateau, across which, between the 14th and 16th parallels, runs the water-shed which separates the drainage basins of the Amazon and La Plata.
The La Plata basin is less heavily wooded, its surface more varied, and its Brazilian part stands at a much higher elevation.
The Brazilian plateau slopes southward and eastward, traversed by broken ranges of low mountains and deeply eroded by river courses.
The Brazilian rivers of the Rio de la Plata system are numerous and important.
The Brazilian Guiana plateau, lying immediately north of the equator, is in great part a hot, stony desert.
Fawcett's survey of the Brazilian boundary (1906-1907) are welcome additions to our knowledge of Bolivia.
The Amazon plain is heavily forested and has a slope of less than one inch to the mile within Brazilian territory - one competent authority placing it at about one-fifth of an inch per mile.
The Amazonian chapadao, which includes the remainder of the great Brazilian plateau west of the Sao Francisco and Parnahyba regions and which appears to be the continuation of these tablelands westward, is much the largest of these plateau divisions.
The climatic conditions of the Brazilian plateau are widely different from those of the coast in many respects.
Its semi-arid character is due to the mountain ranges on its northern frontier, which extract the moisture from the north-east trades and leave the Brazilian plateau behind them with a very limited rainfall, except near the Atlantic coast.
It is the largest of the Brazilian mammals, and inhabits densely forested tracts near river courses.
the siphonium described in connexion with the mandible), but filling also such curious organs as the frontal excrescence of Chasmorhynchus, the Brazilian bell-bird, the throat-bag of the adjutant stork, and the gular pouch of the bustard.
The latter is, no doubt, identical with the similar sandstone series which is found in the neighbouring Brazilian province of Rio Grande do Sul, and which has there yielded plants which prove it to belong to the Permian or the upper part of the Carboniferous.
It lies in the north-east trade winds belt, but the mountain chain on its northern frontier robs these winds of their moisture and leaves the greater part of the Brazilian plateau rainless.
There is no absolutely dry season in this part of the great Brazilian plateau, though the year is customarily divided into a dry and wet season, the latter running from September to April in Goyaz, and from November to April in Matto Grosso.
One of the characteristic orders of the Brazilian fauna is that of the Edentata, which comprises the sloth, armadillo and ant-eater.
One of the Brazilian birds whose habits have attracted much interest is the Joao de Barro (Clay John) or oven bird (Furnarius rufus), which builds a house of reddish clay for its nest and attaches it to the branch of a tree, usually in a fork.
The series of trunk lines terminating at the port of Santos are owned by private companies and are formed by the Sao Paulo, Paulista and Mogyana lines, the first owned by an English company, and the other two by Brazilian companies.
The use of tramways for the transportation of passengers in cities dates from 1868, when the first section of the Botanical Garden line of Rio de Janeiro was opened to traffic. The line was completed with its surplus earnings and continued under the control of the American company which built it until 1882, when it was sold to a Brazilian company.
The Brazilian people have the natural taste for art, music and literature so common among the Latin nations of the Old World.
The Brazilian composer Carlos Gomes (1839-1896) is the best known of those who have adopted music as a profession, his opera Il Guarani having been produced at most of the European capitals.
The most prominent among Brazilian painters is Pedro Americo, and in sculpture Rodolpho Bernardelli has done good work.
Brazilian literature has been seriously prejudiced by partisan politics and dilettantism.
The personal element is conspicuous in the Brazilian journalism, and for a considerable period of its history libellous attacks on persons, signed by professional sponsors, popularly called testas de ferro (iron heads), were admitted at so much a line in the best newspapers.
The most popular of the Brazilian poets are Thomaz Antonio Gonzaga, Antonio Gonsalves Dias and Bernardo Guimaraes.
de Alencar is usually described as the greatest of Brazilian novelists.
Another Brazilian historian of recognized merit is Joao Manoel Pereira da Silva, whose historical writings cover the first years of the empire, from its foundation to 1840.
Next year the Portuguese commander, Pedro Alvares Cabral, appointed by his monarch to follow the course of Vasco da Gama in the East, was driven by adverse winds so far from his track, that he reached the Brazilian coast, April 24, and anchored in Porto Seguro (16° S.
The Tupinoquins, the most tractable of the Brazilian tribes, made peace with the settlers, and the colony was founded without a struggle.
By these adventures the whole line of Brazilian coast, from the mouth of La Plata to the mouth of the Amazon, had become studded at intervals with Portuguese settlements, in all of which law and justice were administered, however inadequately.
Bahia, as capital of the Brazilian states, felt that its ascendancy depended upon the union with Portugal.
But the Brazilian colonists, now that the mother country had thrown off the Spanish yoke, determined even without assist ance from the homeland to rise in revolt against foreign Revolt g g against domination.
The Brazilian Company founded by Vieyra, which so materially contributed to preserve its South American possessions to Portugal, had been abolished in 1721 by John V.; but such an instrument being well suited to the bold spirit of Pombal, he established a chartered company again in 1755, to trade exclusively with Maranhao and Para; and in 1759, in spite of the remonstrance of the British Factory at Lisbon, formed another company for Parahyba and Pernambuco.
Before leaving Bahia, Dom John took the first step to emancipate Brazil, opening its ports to foreign commerce, and permitting the export of all Brazilian produce under any flag, the royal monopolies of diamonds and Brazil-wood excepted.
The inroads made on the frontiers of Rio Grande and Sao Paulo decided the court of Rio to take possession of Montevideo; Brazil de- a force of 5000 troops was sent thither from Portugal, together with a Brazilian corps; and the irregulars integral of Artigas, unable to withstand disciplined troops, were forced, after a total defeat, to take refuge beyond the river Uruguay.
The discontent arising among Brazilians from this cause was heightened by a decree assigning a heavy tax on the chief Brazilian custom houses, to be in operation for forty years, for the benefit of the Portuguese noblemen who had suffered during the war with France.
The Brazilian deputies on arriving in Lisbon expressed dissatisfaction with the Cortes for having begun the framing of the constitution before their arrival, for Brazil could not be treated as a secondary part of the monarchy.
Sharp discussions and angry words passed between the Brazilian and Portuguese deputies, the news of which excited great discontent in Brazil.
A Brazilian squadron, under command of Lord Cochrane, attacked the Portuguese vessels, embarrassed with troops, and took several of them.
Taylor, another Englishman in Brazilian service, followed the vessels across the Atlantic, and even captured some of the ships in sight of the land of Portugal.
Negotiations were opened in London between the Brazilian and Portuguese plenipotentiaries, treating for the recognition of the independence of Brazil; and on the 25th of August 1825 a treaty was signed by which the Portuguese king, Dom John VI., assumed the title of emperor of Brazil, and immediately abdicated in favour of his son, acknowledging Brazil as an independent empire, but the treaty obliged Brazil to take upon herself the Portuguese debt, amounting to nearly two millions sterling.
It began with the defeat of the Brazilian army by the Argentine forces, and this entirely through the incapacity of the commander-in-chief; and misunderstandings, afterwards compensated by humbling money-payments on the part of Brazil, arose with the United States, France and England on account of merchant vessels captured by the Brazilian squadron blockading Buenos Aires.
Imagining himself sure of a brilliant destiny in Europe if he lost his Brazilian crown, the emperor attempted to risk a decisive attack against the Liberals, and to form a new ministry composed of men favourable to absolutism.
An army of Correntine, Uruguayan and Brazilian troops, under General Urquiza, assisted by a Brazilian naval squadron, advanced on Buenos Aires, completely routed the forces of Rosas, and crushed for ever the power of that dictator.
In 1855 the emperor of Brazil sent a squadron of eleven men-of-war and as many transports up the Parana to adjust several questions pending between the empire and was that of the right of way by the Paraguay river to the interior Brazilian province of Matto Grosso.
In 1864 the ambitious dictator of Paraguay, Francisco Solano Lopez, without previous declaration of war, captured a Brazilian vessel in the Paraguay, and rapidly followed up this outrage by an armed invasion of the provinces of Matto Grosso and Rio Grande in Brazil, and that of Corrientes in the Argentine Republic. A triple alliance of the invaded states with Uruguay ensued, and the tide of war was soon turned from being an offensive one on the part of Paraguay to a defensive struggle within that republic against the superior number of the allies.
Admiral Mello made an unsuccessful attack on the town of Rio Grande, and then sailed to Buenos Aires, there surrendering the rebel squadron to the Argentine authorities, by whom it was immediately delivered to the Brazilian government.
The baron Cerro Azul was shot down without trial; Marshal de Gama Eza, an old imperial soldier of eighty years of age, was murdered in cold blood, and numerous executions of men of lesser note took place, among these being two Frenchmen for whose death the Brazilian government was subsequently called upon to pay heavy compensation.
The decision was given in December 1900 and was entirely in favour of the Brazilian contention.
This was indeed a time when questions concerning boundaries were springing up on every side, for it was only through the moderation with which the high-handed action of Bolivia in regard to the Acre rubberproducing territory was met by the Brazilian government that war was avoided.
Among these may be noticed thin strips of willow and cane and the fronds of numerous palms. "Brazilian" hats made from the fronds of the palmetto palms, Sabal palmetto and S.
In 1889 it became a federal state in the Brazilian republic.
Silva is the subject also of several laudatory poems and dramas, one or two of which were composed by Brazilian compatriots.
Along the Brazilian frontier and about the sources of the Orinoco tributaries on the eastern slops of the Andes there are extensive forests, sometimes broken with grassy campos.
the surface again rises into mountain ranges, which include the Parima and Pacaraima sierras on and adjacent to the Brazilian frontier, with a number of short spurs reaching northward toward the Orinoco, such as the Mapichi, Maraguaca, Maigualida, Matos, Rincote and Usupamo.
There are six species of monkey corresponding to those of Guiana and the Amazon valley, the sloth and ant-eater, 12 known genera of rodents, including many species of Mures, the cavy, the capybara, the paca, the nutria, the agouti, the tree porcupine, Loncheres cristata, Echimys cayen and the Brazilian hare.
PACA, the Brazilian name for a large, heavily-built, shorttailed rodent mammal, easily recognized by its spotted fur.
Balsam of Tolu, produced by Myroxylon toluiferum, a native of Venezuela and New Granada; balsam of Peru, derived from Myroxylon Pereirae, a native of San Salvador in Central America; Mexican and Brazilian elemi, produced by various species of Icica or "incense trees," and the liquid exudation of an American species of Liquidambar, are all used as incense in America.
Among them may be mentioned the aperea or restless cavy (C. porcellus or C. aperea) of Brazil; the Bolivian C. boliviensis, found at great elevations in the Andes; the Brazilian rock-cavy (C. rupestris), characterized by its short blunt claws; and the Peruvian C. cutleri.
At the junction of 2 D the Cauches with that river, that Ecuadorean line descends the Chinchipe to the Maranon, and the Peruvian ascends to a point where it is intersected by a line following the eastern Cordillera northward to the head-waters of the Caqueta, or Japura, which forms the northern boundary down to the Brazilian frontier.
The line adopted starts from Lake Suches, the source of a small river of that name flowing into the north of Lake Titicaca, crosses the Cordillera by the Palomani to the Tambopata river, follows that stream to the mouth of the Lanza, thence crosses to the source of the Heath river, which forms the dividing line down to its junction with the Madre de Dios, descends that river to the mouth of the Torosmonas, thence in a straight line north-westerly to the intersection of the Tahu.amanu river by the 69th meridian, and thence north on that meridian to the Brazilian frontier.
above sea level), and the Huallaga through that of Chasuta, enter the forests and unite after separate courses of about 600 and 400 m., the united flood then flowing eastward to the Brazilian frontier.
The abundant and varied fauna is the same as that of the Brazilian forests.
The rivers forming this system are the Maranon from Puerto Limon to Tabatinga on the Brazilian frontier (484 m.), the Japura, Putumayo, Javary, Napo, Tigre, Huallaga, Ucayali, Pachitea, Jurua, Purus, Acre, Curaray and Aguarico all navigable over parts of their courses for steamers of 4 to 8 f t.
The inclusion of the upper waters of the Brazilian rivers Jurua, Purus and Acre is pro forma only, as they are wholly under Brazilian jurisdiction.
above the Brazilian frontier and 2653 m.
- This genus, which comprises nearly 300 species, mostly Mexican, with a few Brazilian and West Indian, is called nipple cactus, and consists of globular or cylindrical succulent plants, whose surface instead of being cut up into ridges with alternate furrows, as in Melocactus, is broken up into teat-like cylindrical or angular tubercles, spirally arranged, and terminating in a radiating tuft of spines which spring from a little woolly cushion.
- This name is now restricted to two or three dwarf branching Brazilian epiphytal plants of extreme beauty, which agree with Phyllocactus in having the branches dilated into the form of fleshy leaves, but differ in having them divided into short truncate leaf-like portions, which are articulated, that is to say, provided with a joint by which they separate spontaneously; the margins are crenate or dentate, and the flowers, which are large and showy, magenta or crimson, appear at the apex of the terminal joints.
AMAZONAS, a territory belonging to Venezuela, and occupying the extreme southern part of that republic, adjoining the Brazilian state of Amazonas.
The Brazilian Basin has also a large area lying at a depth greater than 2500 fathoms and culminates in the Romanche Deep close to the Equatorial Ridge in o° rr' S., 18° 15' W.
pieces of bone, stone, shell, &c., were worn as ornaments in the lip (Latin, labrum) or cheek by Eskimo, Tlinkit, Nahuatlas and tribes on the Brazilian coast.
The sangada, with its platform and sail, belonging to the Brazilian coast, is spoken of as a good seaworthy craft.
With the exception of Sergipe it is the smallest of the Brazilian states.
The longest and most prominent of these ranges, which are for the most part the eastern escarpments of the great Brazilian plateau, is the Serra dos Aymores, which extends along fully two-thirds of the western frontier.
The inland valleys and slopes are very fertile and heavily forested, and much of the Brazilian export of rosewood and other cabinet woods is drawn from this state.
BONIFACIO Joze D ANDRADA E SYLVA' (1765-1838), Brazilian statesman and naturalist, was born at Villa de Santos, near Rio Janeiro.
boreale) which should not be confounded with the Brazilian Caesalpinia, palo blanco (Lysiloma candida), the cascalote and divi-divi trees (Caesalpinia Cacalaco and C. coriaria), the "zapote chico " (Achras sapota) from which chicle is extracted, " zapote prieto " (Diospyros ebenaster), wild fig, myrtles, bamboos and many of the types already mentioned in connexion with the sub-tropical zone.
Close to the shore are the islands of Villegaignon (occupied by a fort), Cobras (occupied by fortifications, naval storehouses, hospital and dry docks), Santa Barbara and Enxadas, the site of the Brazilian naval school.
It lies partly upon the north-east slope of the great Brazilian plateau, and partly upon the sandy coastal plain.
Education has made no impression upon such people, and is confined almost exclusively to the upper classes, from which some of the most prominent men in Brazilian politics and literature have come.
The strain of the war was acutely felt in Portugal, especially in 1711, when the French admiral DuguayTrouin sacked Rio de Janeiro and cut off the Brazilian treasureships.
The king refused to leave Brazil, partly owing to the intrigues of Carlota Joaquina, who hoped to become queen of an independent Brazilian kingdom.
A crisis was evidently imminent, for Portugal would not tolerate an absentee sovereign who was far more Brazilian than Portuguese.
lat., and north-west to the new Brazilian frontier.
Roughly calculated, two-fifths of the total area of Bolivia is comprised within the Andean cordilleras which cross its south-west corner and project east toward the Brazilian highlands in the form of a great obtuse angle.
West of the Cordillera Oriental, where special conditions prevail, a great desert plateau stretches entirely across one corner of the republic. Apart from the Andean system there is a group of low, broken, gneiss ranges stretching along the east side of Bolivia among the upper affluents of the Mamore and Guapore, which appear to belong to the older Brazilian orographic system, from which they have been separated by the erosive action of water.
Its Brazilian tributaries are comparatively unimportant, but from Bolivia it receives the Baures and the San Miguel, both rising in the Sierras de Chiquitos and flowing north-west across the llanos to the Guapore.
by a detached group of low sierras known collectively under the name Chiquitos, which belong to the Brazilian highlands rather than to the Andes.
Expeditions to the Brazilian frontier or to the Chiquitos missions are fitted out here, and it is the objective point for expeditions entering Bolivia from Matto Grosso, Brazil, and Paraguay.
Specular haematite forms a constituent of certain schistose rocks, such as the Brazilian itabirite.
Of the eastern part of the territory lying between the Meta and the Brazilian frontier, Venezuela claims as far west as the meridian of 69° so'.
The Colombian tapir is known as the Tapirus Roulini, and is slightly smaller than the Brazilian species (T.
We are disposed to agree with the Brazilian historian Constancio that Maranon is derived from the Spanish word marana, a tangle, a snarl, which well represents the bewildering difficulties which the earlier explorers met in navigating not only the entrance to the Amazon, but the whole island-bordered, river-cut and indented coast of the now Brazilian province of Maranhao.
It rises on the lofty Brazilian plateau near Diamantino in 14° 25' S.
Between Guajara-Merim and this fall, inclusive, the Madeira receives the drainage of the northeastern slopes of the Andes, from Santa Cruz de la Sierra to Cuzco, the whole of the south-western slope of Brazilian Matto Grosso, and the northern one of the Chiquitos sierras, an area about Scale, z:2z,50o.000 English Miles 0 5 o zoo 200 390 equal to that of France and Spain.
It runs through a continuous forest at the bottom of the great depression lying between the Madeira river, which skirts the edge of the Brazilian sandstone plateau, and the Ucayali which hugs the base of the Andes.
The Brazilian Boundary Commission ascended it in 1866 to the junction of the Shino with its Jaquirana branch.
Their northern slope, which is occupied by the three Guianas first named, is saturated and river-torn; but their southern one, Brazilian Guiana, is in general thirsty and semi-barren, and the driest region of the Amazon valley.
The first was formerly known as the Hyapora, but its Brazilian part is now called the Yapura, and its Colombian portion the Caqueta.
It was long supposed to have eight mouths; but Ribeiro de Sampaio, in his voyage of 1774, determined that there was but one real mouth, and that the supposed others are all furor or canos.1 In 1864-1868 the Brazilian government made a somewhat careful examination of the Brazilian part of the river, as far up as the rapid of Cupaty.
The total population of the Brazilian portion of the Amazon basin in 1850 was perhaps 300,000, of whom about two-thirds were white and slaves, the latter numbering about 25,000.
On the 6th of September 1850 the emperor, Dom Pedro II., sanctioned a law authorizing steam navigation on the Amazon, and confided to an illustrious Brazilian, Barao Maua (Irineu Evangilista de Sousa), the task of carrying it into effect.
The number of inhabitants in the Brazilian Amazon basin (the states of Amazonas and Path) is purely a matter of rough estimate.
JOHN' MAURICE OF NASSAU (1604-1679), surnamed the Brazilian, was the son of John the Younger, count of NassauSiegen-Dillenburg, and the grandson of John, the elder brother of William the Silent and the chief author of the Union of Utrecht.
GUARANIS, a tribe and stock of South American Indians, having their home in Paraguay, Uruguay and on the Brazilian coast.
The curvature of the range around the Brazilian massif, and the position of the zone of older rocks upon the eastern flank, led Suess to the conclusion that the Andes owe their origin to an overthrust from east to west, and that the Vorland lies beneath the Pacific. In the south Wehrli and Burckhardt maintain that the thrust came from the west, and they look upon the ancient rocks of Argentina as the Vorland.
Two weeks later, with apparent impunity, security forces shot dead a young Brazilian electrician on his way to work.
It was the prevalent Brazilian strain, plus two ATCC reference strains.
The Brazilian ace took two pole positions, two race wins and two fastest laps.
BRAZILIAN educationalist Paulo Freire's statement of the obvious on literacy puts the recent argy-bargy over the best method of teaching reading into perspective.
bossa nova jazz, Joyce, with her superb Brazilian band.
carob bars from a Brazilian co-operative, washed down with organic carrot juice.
There was a Brazilian woman who mainly used her allotment to grow plants to dye cloth: woad, madder and dyer's chamomile.
To build a biodiversity database comprising all records of Brazilian marine planktonic copepods based on literature, collections and new material.
Economic and political conditions abroad had eased as a constraint since October, but this survey was completed before the recent Brazilian devaluation.
Since its international humiliation over Amazon deforestation in the 1980s, the Brazilian government has learned to adopt western diktat on environmental matters.
The Brazilian educator and revolutionary Paolo Freire was widely cited, in reference to his ideas of ' praxis ' and critical consciousness.
extractive reserves in the Brazilian Amazon.
fatal shooting of a Brazilian.
For the eve of the Cowley Road Carnival, Brazil Solidarity presents a full-on Brazilian festa.
He's Ron his way Publication Date: 28 June 2003 Brazilian's move to United will spark transfer frenzy Top Guns!
In Brazil suma was reported to be more powerful than ginseng, and it is referred to as Brazilian ginseng.
Ronaldo goes into the Brazilian changing room to find all his team mates looking a bit glum.
Even then the Brazilian still produced two flashes of brilliance, but on both occasions England Under-21 goalkeeper Robinson emphasized his potential.
The new Brazilian menu items include grilled halibut with grilled tomato and olive tapenade and parmesan cheese crusted chicken.
The number of fans of the genuine Brazilian hammocks is growing steadily all over the world.
hippocampus reidi brazilian black seahorses.
ikon gallery presents the first non-commercial exhibition in the UK of the work of internationally renowned Brazilian artist Beatriz Milhazes.
Soccer superstar Rio Ferdinand has been man- marking a beautiful Brazilian model behind his live-in lover 's back, ' reports The People.
They bought the mahogany from the Brazilian logging company Juary, which has been heavily involved in illegal logging in the Amazon.
The UK is the second largest importer of Brazilian mahogany in the world.
Identify applied research needs related to species recovery Discuss the need for and feasibility of ex situ conservation measures for Brazilian mergansers.
They were led by a spectacularly handsome black Brazilian, sporting a pierced nipple.
Iron: There's a Brazilian tattoo parlor across the street from my house that just opened up.
The special rhythmic swing is provided by top Brazilian percussionist Edson Ribeiro (from Bahia ).
And today Brazilian and Jamaican dairy producers are being put out of business by imports of powdered milk from the European Union.
OMM 10 best cds Reviews Hot tunes From pretty pop to Brazilian psychedelia: five tracks you must hear this month.
The appearance, using Paul's fabulous mature Brazilian rosewood, is absolutely stunning!
Carnival music workshops will include Afro-Cuban drumming, Brazilian street samba, and South African township music for brass and wind.
The dance is similar to the Brazilian samba using dramatic or allegorical themes.
The Biodiversity of the Brazilian Cerrado Introduction Central Brazil is covered by a type of tree savanna known as " cerrado " .
A similar justification was used for the fatal shooting of a Brazilian.
Supermarkets corral Brazilian beef to lead stampede for bigger profits.
The on-off couple decided to call time on their relationship after a series of arguments about the actor's commitment to the Brazilian supermodel.
The Brazilian metal superstars get the main stage rocking with their always excellent take on the rap metal genre.
swerveors in sports In the 1950s a group of talented Brazilian footballers invented the swerving free kick.
syntactic parser in Prolog for Brazilian Portuguese.
We were immediately captivated by the tanagers, the most exotic of which were the Green-headed and the Brazilian Tanager.
Featuring a diverse range of musical styles including jazz, Argentinean tango, Brazilian samba, classical, ragtime and Klezmer.
Brazilian tapirs are hoofed mammals, with three toes on each hind foot and four on each front foot.
thrash out a deal with the Portugal manager who is Brazilian.
Ten million Brazilian Free-tailed Bats pour out, in an unstoppable torrent of wings.
But the real way forward for the Brazilian left is to try to engage with militant trade unionists and the active social movements?
Brazilian traffic warden saws woman in half Trusted computing a shield against worst attacks?
to the most southerly point of the island of Tierra del Fuego in 55Ã‚° 2' 30" S., while its extremes of longitude are 53Ã‚° 40' on the Brazilian frontier and 73Ã‚° 17' 30" W.
==Agriculture== In 1878 the production of wheat was insufficient for home consumption, the amount of Indian corn grown barely Live stoc covered local necessities, and the only market for live stock k, &c. was in the slaughtering establishments, where the meat &c was cut into strips and cured, making the so-called " jerked beef " for the Brazilian and Cuban markets.
The provisional line, representing the Brazilian claim, begins at the termination of the Bolivian section (the intersection of the 11th parallel with the meridian of 72Ã‚° 26' W.
The separation of church and state is provided for by the constitution, and both the nation and the states are forbidden to establish, subsidize or restrict the exercise of any religious worship. Foreigners are eligible to Brazilian citizenship, and the right of suffrage is conferred upon all male citizens over twenty-one years of age, except beggars, illiterates, the rank and file of the armed forces, members of monastic orders, &c., bound by private vows, and all unregistered citizens.
Next year the Portuguese commander, Pedro Alvares Cabral, appointed by his monarch to follow the course of Vasco da Gama in the East, was driven by adverse winds so far from his track, that he reached the Brazilian coast, April 24, and anchored in Porto Seguro (16Ã‚° S.
His popularity was regained, however, to some extent, when, on the death of his father, he was unanimously acknowledged king of Portugal, and especially when he abdicated that crown in favour of his daughter, Donna Maria; but his line of policy was not altered, and commercial treaties entered into with European states conceding them favours, which were popularly considered to be injurious to Brazilian trade, met with bitter censure.
The Brazilian Basin has also a large area lying at a depth greater than 2500 fathoms and culminates in the Romanche Deep close to the Equatorial Ridge in oÃ‚° rr' S., 18Ã‚° 15' W.
The chief points of correspondence between these two great land masses, besides the southward tapering, are as follows: - (i) The areas of ancient fundamental rocks of the north-east (Laurentian highlands of North America, uplands of Guiana in South America), which have remained without significant deformation, although suffering various oscillations of level, since ancient geological times; (2) the highlands of the southeast (Appalachians and Brazilian highlands) with a north-east south-west crystalline axis near the ocean, followed by a belt of deformed and metamorphosed early Palaeozoic strata, and adjoined farther inland by a dissected plateau of nearly horizontal later Palaeozoic formations - all greatly denuded since the ancient deformation of the mountain axis, and seeming to owe their present altitude to broad uplifts of comparatively modern geological date; (3) the complex of younger mountains along the western side of the continents (Western highlands, or Cordilleras, of North America; Andean Cordilleras of South America) of geologically modern deformation and upheaval, with enclosed basins and abundant volcanic action, but each a system in itself, disconnected and not standing in alignment; (4) confluent lower lands between the highlands, giving river drainage to the north (Mackenzie, Orinoco), east (St Lawrence, Amazon), and south (Mississippi, La Plata).
The Mexican or Brazilian orchid house accommodates the plants from the warm parts of South America, and its temperature should range from about 65Ã‚° to 75Ã‚° during summer and from 60Ã‚° to 65Ã‚° in winter.
By the treaty of 1872 the Brazilian frontier was drawn up the Parana from the mouth of the Iguassu or Y-Guazu (25Ã‚° 30' S.) to the Salto Grande or Great Cataract of La Guayra (24Ã‚° 7'), thence west along the watershed of the Sierra de Maracayu, north along the Sierra de Ambaya to the sources of the Apa, and down that stream to its junction with the Paraguay.
This part of the boundary was turned inland from the Paraguay to include, within Brazilian jurisdiction, Fort Coimbra, Corumba and other settlements on the west bank, and was modified in 1903 by the recession of about 1158 sq.
Of the eastern part of the territory lying between the Meta and the Brazilian frontier, Venezuela claims as far west as the meridian of 69Ã‚° so'.
The tribes of the Caribbean seaboard, from Chiriqui to Goajira, are generally attached to the great Carib stock; those of the eastern plains show affinities with the neighbouring Brazilian races; those of the elevated Tuquerres district are of the Peruvian type; and the tribes of Antioquia, Cauca, Popayan and Neiva preserve characteristics more akin to those of the Aztecs than to, any other race.
It rises on the lofty Brazilian plateau near Diamantino in 14Ã‚° 25' S.
The appearance, using Paul 's fabulous mature Brazilian rosewood, is absolutely stunning !
The Biodiversity of the Brazilian Cerrado Introduction Central Brazil is covered by a type of tree savanna known as " cerrado ".
Fri Jun 16, 2006 11:21 pm by Brazilian designs = best Oh well, one less fresh shaven haven in the house.
The on-off couple decided to call time on their relationship after a series of arguments about the actor 's commitment to the Brazilian supermodel.
Vectors in sports In the 1950s a group of talented Brazilian footballers invented the swerving free kick.
Grammar Play: Grammar Play is a syntactic parser in Prolog for Brazilian Portuguese.
FA chief executive Brian Barwick is in Lisbon to thrash out a deal with the Portugal manager who is Brazilian.
EVENT LAMENT DATE Saturday 1 July 2006, 10pm A cool fusion of Brazilian rhythms and flamenco guitar caressed with soulful jazz tinged vocals.
Bath towels and bath sheets made from Egyptian and Brazilian cotton or Supima have the softest feel and the highest absorbency.
For example, when you want to translate from English to Portuguese, you can select from ''European Portuguese'' or ''Brazilian Portuguese''.
Matthew and 22-year-old Brazilian model Camila met in early 2007.
The next season, Survivor: Tocantins, the Brazilian Highlands, is set to premiere in February of 2009.
He didn't start acting until his late teens, and with his good looks he was quickly picked up to star in Brazilian telenovelas, which are comparable to American soap operas.
Whether they are acting, playing sports, modeling, or performing in another format, Brazilian stars offer their talent to audiences worldwide.
Other Costa Cruises itineraries include South American sailings, such as the CostaVictoria's cruise along the Brazilian coastline.
Joy-Weed (Alternanthera) - Little Brazilian weeds of the Amaranthus order, which, owing to their color, have been used in our gardens to an extent far beyond their merits.
M. lutea is a pretty Brazilian annual, about 1 1/2 feet high, with large roundish leaves and handsome yellow flowers in clusters, useful for beds, groups, and borders.
Bossa Nova is a Brazilian musical style that evolved from samba music.
Soon you'll be strumming along to your favorite Brazilian jazz records.
Brazilian music doesn't use any special chords that aren't used in other kinds of music.
However, there are chords that are more prevalent in certain kinds of Brazilian music.
Learning a full complement of these chords is essential for the person interested in playing Brazilian music on her guitar.
Since certain chords are used heavily in particular styles of Brazilian music, playing these chords automatically gives your guitar playing a bit of a Brazilian flavor.
Brazilian Chords: The major seventh chords are central to playing bossa nova.
Plucking: Plucking, in addition to strumming, is key to getting your Brazilian guitar chords to sound right.
The style of plucking is as important to a Brazilian sound as are the chords themselves.
Brazilian music often uses a distinctive system of plucking strings and then damping them with your strumming hand.
Rhythms: Getting the rhythm right makes your Brazilian chords sound even more authentically Brazilian.
If you know how to read music, you can always take a look at some Brazilian guitar sheet music to see which types of rhythms are popular in your favorite styles.
Songs: No matter how much you practice chords, plucking and timing, you're eventually going to have to play Brazilian songs to get a real feel for the music of this nation and how the chords give it its national flavor.
There are a number of websites with Brazilian music chord changes and tablature on them.
This will allow you to improvise a bit and put your own spin into the sound of Brazilian music.
Begin by learning your major seventh chords since these are key components of Brazilian styles of music such as samba, cha cha and bossa nova.
Where you learn to play Brazilian guitar chords isn't an either/or proposition.
Finding other people interested in playing Brazilian music and getting together will help you spread your artistic wings and fly.
Fans of Brazilian music don't even need to learn to read sheet music to start playing their favorite songs on guitar.
This easy-to-learn method of notation will help you play a number of your favorite bossa nova songs, as well as other types of Brazilian music in no time.
You can find scores of Brazilian music tabs online for your guitar at a variety of different websites.
Its archive contains some Brazilian music, including several tablature transcriptions of songs by the father of bossa nova, João Gilberto.
This is a place specifically for the person interested in Brazilian bossa nova guitar.
You may need an understanding of basic theory and a lot of practice before you can seamlessly use Brazilian music tablature.
Fortunately, there are websites with scales and other exercises on them to help you become used to playing Brazilian guitar.
For beginning Brazilian guitar players, daily practice of scales and exercises is almost a prerequisite to smoothly and easily play your favorite bossa nova songs.
However, gone are the days that you need to spend a lot of time and money taking private guitar lessons to learn how to play Brazilian guitar.
Particularly for players who are self-directed and have some command of guitar under their belt, using the Internet to learn Brazilian guitar is a free alternative to potentially expensive private instruction.
These include such materials as untreated flat white and brown diamonds, millennium-aged Tibetan coral beads, rutilated quartz, and hand-picked Brazilian stones.
The company also gives 10 percent of its profits to Irasambi, a Brazilian group working to preserve the rainforest.
This opened a market that has grown gradually, expanding when we had the possibility to develop a henna formula that had Brazilian plants.
Surya Tattoo - These are temporary tattoos that are 100 percent natural and vegetal composed with Jenipapo (the same plant used by Amazonian natives in tattoos), approved by the Brazilian Sanitary Surveillance Agency.
For example in 2004, we were part of the Brazilian Ecological Brooms that were exported to the United States.
Blanka was stranded in the Brazilian jungles as a young child, being raised by animals.
You play fighters from all over the world in this Tekken like game with the Brazilian martial art.
Alex Hiro This Brazilian artist creates much of his work based on popular cartoon characters and comic books.
Handles were made of beautiful woods such as Brazilian Rosewood, chosen for its durability.
They were first imported by Brazilian scientists attempting to create a new hybrid bee to improve honey production.
Hip hop dance was born in the streets and is a highly improvisational form, which incorporates moves from lindy hop, Brazilian capoeira, jazz, tap, West Coast funk and even James Brown.
Not only is the samba danced all over the world by dancers looking for a fun, upbeat, and sexy dance, but the Samba is also one of the features of the annual Brazilian 'Carnaval'.
For ballroom competitions, it is the partner Samba that is showcased, whereas in most festivals and certainly in the Brazilian Carnival, it's the solo dance that is so often seen.
Once one knows exactly why Carnival is celebrated, the wild party style of the Brazilian Carnaval makes a lot of sense!
Pictures of Samba dancers, as well as many video recordings, are hallmarks of the Brazilian Carnivals.
Whether you travel to Brazil during Carnaval season or not, you're sure to see the exciting influences of the Samba dance running through Brazilian culture.
They offer haircuts and color services, facial waxing, and the Brazilian blowout.
Whereas some persons will prefer a little hair waxed off the sides and top, others may opt for a more intense Brazilian wax, a technique that leaves a small triangle patch of hair.
If it's in the budget, a Brazilian smoothing treatment packed with keratin may help boost hair health in the interim.
Although not nearly as common for men as it is for women, a male Brazilian wax is an affordable and temporary solution to rid unwanted body hair below the belt.
Made popular by three Brazilian women who brought their country's trend to the states, a Brazilian wax is the most barren form of hair removal for the bikini area.
While a male Brazilian wax may be less common, there are quite a few reasons why a man may opt for this exclusive form of body waxing.
If you suffer from excessive sweat and odor, a male Brazilian wax is certain to ease your worries and increase your personal comfort level during the hot and sticky months of summer.
While body waxing can be intimidating, you can prepare yourself for your first Brazilian wax by following the tips below.
While time in between appointments may vary, most Brazilian waxes are maintained every 3 weeks or on an as-need basis.
No matter your reasons for going bare down below, a Brazilian wax is the industry term for getting smooth and barren.
If you're interested in body hair removal, you may be considering a full Brazilian bikini wax.
Full Brazilian bikini waxing provides freedom from body hair and can be an affordable yet temporary solution for unwanted body hair.
Rest assured Brazilian waxing is a very common procedure.
Before you bare all, take a look at the process of a full Brazilian wax and what it entails.
A full Brazilian wax means there will be no hair left below after the service.
If you're vacationing and want to ensure there is no body hair in sight when you don your bikini, a Brazilian wax is the preferable way to go.
To find an establishment that offers a full Brazilian bikini wax, check out local day spas and hair salons that offer waxing.
If you're tired of shaving daily and want to explore a barren territory, Brazilian waxing is an effective, fast and affordable option to consider.
If you're booking a hair removal appointment, you may find yourself asking, "What is a Brazilian wax?"
Learn the difference between a basic bikini and an ultra smooth Brazilian before you hit the beach.
Brazilian waxes are often considered the flirtatious and taboo version of a standard bikini wax.
Seven Brazilian sisters introduced the women of New York City to their version of a bikini wax in 1987, and ever since the sexy Brazilian wax has grown to become one of the most sought after hair removal styles.
If you're ready to have your most feminine of areas waxed, you may find yourself wondering what is a Brazilian wax and how is it more beneficial (if at all) than a standard bikini wax?
While both wax styles have their benefits, should you decide to opt for the ultimate form of hair removal, a Brazilian wax is certain to leave you the smoothest.
For women who would rather have a sexy little secret and smooth personal areas, a Brazilian bikini wax is the only way to go.
Unlike a basic bikini wax, a Brazilian wax removes all pubic hair from the front to the back.
Some women customize the look of a Brazilian wax by keeping a very narrow strip of hair at the front, typically referred to as a "landing strip."
If the typical Brazilian wax seems too exposed for your taste yet you desire the hair-free finish, you may opt for a landing strip for the extra level of visual comfort.
Whether you decide to opt for a less risky bikini wax or go clean as a whistle with the Brazilian, you'll want to book a hair removal appointment with a specialist to ensure a quality and comfortable result.
To find an establishment that offers a Brazilian wax, simply call and ask.
Whether you choose a standard bikini wax or the more involved Brazilian wax, decide what type of wax style best fits your personality and personal needs before hitting the beach.
Surgi-Wax: This brand can be found in most drugstores and the hair removal strips, microwave hair remover, and Brazilian waxing kit all have positive reviews on Makeup Alley.
GiGi: The GiGi Brazilian Bikini Wax Microwave Kit is a Best of Folica winner, with four of five stars based on 277 reviews.
The Brazilian Blowout brand, and its products, are considered a godsend by many with curly, wavy, or frizzy, unmanageable hair.
While the trend is towards shiny, frizz-free hair, Brazilian Blowout is a brand name treatment used to get those results.
The Brazilian Blowout began in Brazil around 2005 and not long after made its way to North America and Europe.
Brazilian Blowout is a brand of keratin treatment performed in salons that gives smooth, shiny, frizz-free, often perfect hair.
The makers of the Brazilian Blowout claims that hair drying time will be cut in half, frizz will disappear, and your hair will be shinier for three months.
As with nearly anything, there are pros and cons to the Brazilian Blowout trend.
There seems to be confusion and sometimes a breakdown in communication between stylists and clients since the term "Brazilian Blowout" has become somewhat of a catch-all description for keratin hair straightening processes.
You may research Brazilian Blowouts (the brand) and get something completely different if you aren't very direct with your questions/requests.
BrazilianBlowout.com claims that everyone is a candidate for the Brazilian blowout.
The Brazilian Blowout is safe for color-treated and damaged hair.
Brazilian Blowout solution has been shown in some studies to contain formaldehyde, which is a human carcinogen and commonly an allergen.
However, the makers of the Brazilian Blowout claim that the product is formaldehyde-free.
According to SafeCosmetics.org, the company that makes Brazilian Blowout solution has denied claims and later sued Oregon OSHA.
There are definite budgetary and health concerns revolving around the Brazilian blowout trend.
Pair a triangle top or halter top with any number of bottoms, including tie-thong, hip hugger, Euro bottom, Brazilian cut bottom and tie-scrunch.
Once I moved back (thinking that I wanted to work in the music industry), Brazilian bikinis really caught my eye.
In case you haven't seen this style before, picture a tiny triangle-back Brazilian bikini bottom and reduce that triangle to nothing more than a string outline.
MicroKitten is another online store that provides sexy Brazilian looks for the consumer who likes to look and feel her very best.
Beach Bunny Swimwear only offers a Brazilian bottoms, but offers them in a variety of styles.
Within the Brazilian style bikini bottom, you can search for styles that are lacewaist, tie side, low rise or shirred.
Some bathing suit bottoms, like the Brazilian, are designed to be very low cut in the front and quite revealing in the rear, much like a thong.
What kind of swimsuits will the Brazilian beach girls be wearing this season?
Certainly, the Brazilian bikini presents a strong presence on those sandy shores, but Brazilian beach girls don't limit themselves to any one style.
In a land that worships the sun, the Brazilian bikini is cut down to the bare minimum for maximum exposure in every sense of the word.
If you think a string bikini is revealing, just wait until you take a look at the Brazilian bikini.
Take the average tiny American string bikini, cut off that extra two-inches of excess fabric around the edges, and you'll have a working idea of what a Brazilian bikini is all about.
After size, the second most striking feature of Brazilian bikinis are the wonderful colors and patterns of the materials used that serve as the perfect complement for all those rich golden tans so prized on South American beaches.
The Brazilian bottom piece is cut very high on the hips, and it barely has enough Lycra to fully cover the pelvic bone.
The sizing of Brazilian bikinis runs a bit smaller than in North America, generally because South American women tend to have a smaller build than their North American counterparts.
No discussion of Brazilian bikinis can be complete without an explanation of the Brazilian bikini wax.
Warm wax is used to remove most of the hair from the private regions which are more exposed than ever when wearing a Brazilian suit.
If you're going to wear a Brazilian, be sure to purchase sunscreen with the highest SPF available, and apply it generously and often to avoid serious burns.
Here are some places to view/purchase Brazilian bikinis.
NexTag, a source of suits and Brazilian waxing kits.
Would every woman feel comfortable in a Brazilian style swimsuit?
The Brazilian bikini wax for men is becoming an ever more popular for the body conscious gent.
A Brazilian bikini wax for men is similar to the waxing women experience.
Some of the guys who enjoy the Brazilian bikini wax do so because of their profession or hobbies.
If you've gone through a Brazilian bikini wax for men and survived without too much complaint, good for you!
A Brazilian bikini waxing is a must if you plan on wearing some of the exotic swimsuits and daring bikinis out there!
Lest you think there is only one type of wax available out there, namely the Brazilian bikini wax, here's a quick run down on the subtle differences between several popular variations.
So what happens when you get a Brazilian bikini wax?
Once that happens, and if you're so inclined, you'll have to go through the Brazilian bikini waxing process all over again.
On the plus side, many report that Brazilian bikini waxing is not that bad.
The Brazilian tanga bathing suit makes a bold fashion statement wherever this sexy swimsuit is worn.
The Brazilian tanga refers to a style of bathing suit that is very skimpy.
The Brazilian tanga leaves very little to the imagination, so it's necessary to do some extra grooming if you want to look good wearing one.
The much talked about Brazilian wax is a must.
Brazilian bikini waxes remove all the hair from a woman or man's pubic area.
They were supposedly introduced to the United States by two Brazilian sisters in the late 1980s.
The Brazilian tanga swimsuit capitalizes on this trend and completes the package.
What better way to show off your Brazilian wax than in a Brazilian tanga.
Brazilian tangas are very popular on beaches all over the world.
Mykini specializes in Brazilian bikinis and offers free shipping worldwide.
If you love showing off a firm and taunt figure, then a Brazilian tiniest bikini might just be the swimsuit for you!
If you're wondering if a Brazilian tiniest bikini is the kind of suit you can pull off wearing, consider the following questions and guidelines; they'll help you decide!
If you've grown tired of your one piece or takin look, then try on a daring Brazilian tiniest bikini.
Triangle Top, Brazilian Cut: This is truly a gorgeous bikini.
Push-up Halter Top with Brazilian Cut Tie: This suit has it all.
It would be remiss of us to talk about Brazilian tiny bikinis without visiting Brazilian Bikinis.com.
Let's take a look at a great site, My Brazilian Bikini, to help start your perfect-for-me bikini search.
This swimsuit is no exception to the all-things-beautiful Brazilian rule.
Although we've only explored the products on My Brazilian Bikini, there are a whole host of websites devoted to eye-catching crochet bikinis.
Leopard Brazilian: This suit offers some leopard spots, a bit of string and not much more.
Take a string bikini with slide ties, and push the cups together to create a slim cover over just the fullest part of the breast and nipple: that's one of Daniella's most popular looks in Brazilian editorial spreads and Sports Illustrated.
"Ashley" is a black halter-top bikini with contrasting white accents on the top and Brazilian cut bottom.
"Eva" has adjustment options in the front for more or less coverage, and the low cut back dips down to a Brazilian cut bottom.
Multi-colored guitars decorate this little white swimsuit, noted for its "ultimate Brazilian cut."
"Reese" is an adorable suit with coral colored triangle top and Brazilian cut bottoms adorned with apples.
Rodrigo Santoro: Brazilian actor Rodrigo Santoro grew up wearing brief style swimwear called a sunga, which is a trunk-style, tight swimsuit bottom for men.
Salinas concentrates its line on young women, bringing Brazilian style to the rest of the world.
You're going to love Brazilian Bikinis' wide selection of exotic bikinis.
The Brazilian bikini is a product of the sun-drenched beaches of South America where tanning is serious business.
Micros are considered to be very exotic, and are an even tinier version of the Brazilian.
The bottoms come in Brazilian, thong or string style.
The tonga can be found at Brazilian Bikinis.
They sell sheer, micro and Brazilian style bikinis.
It was black and pink with metallic pink strings, Brazilian cut and hot.
The two wore string bikinis in bold colors for their spread, mostly with a Brazilian or tanga back.
Brazilian-cut bikinis: Brazilian bikinis are notoriously small in size, much like many of the styles that Joanna Krupa wore on men's magazine covers.
This exciting new brand delivers bikinis in a unique blend of unabashed Brazilian sensuality and laid back California style.
We try to incorporate that into our line, while maintaining that Brazilian flair.
The one piece may seem pretty tame by today's Brazilian and thong standards, but it was all but scandalous when it was first introduced.
Even though this bikini features the scant Brazilian bottom, the richness of the fabric's color puts it high on the list of fashionable contenders.
The Sexy Strings Brazilian Bikini offers moderate coverage, is available in both a tri-top and halter top and comes in several colors to compliment a variety of skin tones.
There are micro bikinis, G-strings bikinis, and Brazilian bikinis, but nothing can compare to the scandalous micro bikini see thru look!
See Through Sexy Micro Brazilian Bikini: This very sexy look comes with a super low rise bottom that, because of its side ties, is flexible enough to fit most sizes.
Brazilian Bikinis is another great online shopping site to check out for the perfect see through suit.
For comparison, take the Brazilian Bikini, and make it less conservative by removing another inch or two from those tiny fabric triangles that barely cover the bosom.
Micro Kitten's mission statement is all about catering to strong, smart, sexy women who want authentic Brazilian bikinis with fashion flair.
Brazilian: The Brazilian style is available with varying degrees of coverage in the back.
To wear a swimsuit style labeled sheer, mini or micro, you need to embrace the vital importance of Brazilian waxing.
If you dare to wear such a tiny bikini, you will have to get a Brazilian wax first.
So why not pair it with a Brazilian swimsuit?
The suits at Brazilian Bikinis skimp on everything except the fun, and what fabric they do use is bold and bright.
Besides a Brazilian, you can also get a crochet suit, G-string, string or halter.
Brazilian Bikinis: Deliciously brief, the Brazilian bikini was made for the ultimate sun-worshiper.
If you're looking for a suit that gives a pop of color, then try Venus's under wire triangle top with a Brazilian bottom.
In a swim world dominated by invisible swimsuits and jaw dropping Brazilian bikinis, you may feel as if you are the only person left in the universe searching for a modest bathing suit.
Who can forget to mention those famous Brazilian bikinis?
Brazilian Bandeau: This bandeau-styled top also features a keyhole at its center, a feature that a stylish consumer might enjoy!
When it comes to swimwear, the Brazilians like to lead the way, and Brazilian-born Salinas Swimwear is the perfect example of Brazilian styling at its very best.
While string bikinis are a bit daring, the Brazilian bikini can be a real shocker.
A design perfected for the sunny shores of South America, Brazilian bikinis use a great deal less fabric than the average string bikini.
If you think Brazilian bikinis are daring, you haven't seen anything until you've seen a micro.
Another site you can turn to is Brazilian Bikinis.
This site offers several sheer thong looks, as well as the famous Brazilian bikini.