Small vessels carry cargo to Braila and Galatz, and a branch railway from Calarashi traverses the Steppe from south to north, and meets the main line between Bucharest and Constantza.
Large quantities of grain are shipped in lighters to Braila.
pp. 75-106 (Braila, 1873); A.
BRAILA (in Rumanian Braila, formerly Ibraila), the capital of the department of Braila, Rumania; situated amid flat and dreary country on the left bank of the river Danube, about zoo m.
Braila itself is mainly built on a bank rising about 50 ft.
On the landward side, Braila has the shape of a crescent, the curve of its outer streets following the line of the old fortifications, dismantled in 1829.
Braila is the seat of a chamber of commerce.
Over 20 steamers, maintained by the state, ply between Braila and Rotterdam.
Many events connected with the history of Walachia took place in the neighbourhood of Braila.
In the latter part of the 1 8th century Braila was several times captured by the Russians, and in 1770 it was burned.
By the peace of Bucharest (1812) the Turks retained the right of garrisoning Braila.
Braila was the spot chosen by the Russian general Gorchakov for crossing the Danube with his division in 1854.
Large steamers navigate up to Galatz and Braila.
In the Valcea department, besides many other iodine, sulphur and mud baths, there are the state-supported spas of Calimanescii, Caciulata and Govora, situated among some of the finest Carpathian scenery Most famous of all is Sinaia, the summer residence of the Court; while important springs exist at Lake Sarat, near Braila; at Slanic, in the Prahova department, where flooded and abandoned salt-mines are fitted up as baths; at the Tekir Ghiol mere, near Constantza; and at Baltzatesti (Baltate,itii), in the Neamtzu (Neamtu) department, a favourite resort of invalids from many parts of eastern Europe.
The chief .towns, with their estimated population in 1910, are Bucharest, the capital (300,000); Jassy, the capital of Moldavia (80,000); Galatz (66,000), Braila (60,000), Ploesci (50,000), Craiova (46,000), Botoshani (34,000), Berlad (25,000), Focshani (25,000), Tulcea (20,000), [Constantza (16,000), Giurgevo (15,000).
Besides river services, the state maintains lines of sea-going ships from Constantza to Constantinople and the Aegean Islands, and from Braila to Rotterdam.
From Silistria the river flows through Rumanian territory and after passing Cernavoda, where it is crossed by a modern railway bridge, it reaches (left bank) the important commercial ports of Braila and Galatz.
From the Iron Gates down to Braila, which is the highest point to which large sea-going ships ascend the river, there have been no important works of improvement.
From Braila to Sulina, a distance of about loo m., the river falls under - the jurisdiction of the European commission of the Danube, an institution of such importance as to merit the lengthened notice.
below Braila and 26 m.
By the treaty of London of 1883 the jurisdiction of the commission was extended from Galatz to Braila and its powers were prolonged for twenty-one years (i.e.
of the same treaty declared that the regulations for navigation, river police, and superintendence drawn up on the 2nd of June 1882 by the European commission, assisted by the delegates of Servia and Bulgaria, should be made applicable to that part of the Danube situated between the Iron Gates and Braila.
As regards the extension of the powers of the European commission to Braila, II m.
The result of all the combined works for the rectification of the Danube is that from Sulina up to Braila the river is navigable for sea-going vessels up to 4000 tons register, from Braila to Turnu Severin it is open for sea-going vessels up to 600 tons, and for flat barges of from I Soo to 2000 tons capacity.
Freights from Galatz and Braila to North Sea ports have fallen from 50s.
per registered ton if loaded at Galatz or Braila, or I Id.
Hartley, Description of the Delta of the Danube (1862 and 1874); Memoire sur le regime administratif etabli aux embouchures du Danube (Galatz, 1867); Desjardins, Rhone et Danube, a defence of the canalization scheme (Paris, 1870); Carte du Danube entre Braila et la mer, published by the European Commission (Leipzig, 1874); Peters, Die Donau and ihr Gebiet, eine geologische Studie (1876); A.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.