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bradley

bradley

bradley Sentence Examples

  • The stage pulled into Bradley in a cloud of twilight dust.

  • Norton in 1877, and his Letters were edited and privately printed at Cambridge, Mass., in 1878 by James Bradley Thayer.

  • Beyond the introduction of the spider line it is unnecessary to mention the various steps by which the Gascoigne micrometer assumed the modern forms now in use, or to describe in detail the suggestions of Hooke, 4 Wren, Smeaton, Cassini, Bradley, Maskelyne, Herschel, Arago, Pearson, Bessel, Struve, Dawes, &c., or the successive productions of the great artists Ramsden, Troughton, Fraunhofer, Ertel, Simms, Cooke, Grubb, Clarke and Repsold.

  • Bradley (Ethical Studies, p. 2) quotes an even plainer attack on the conceptions as well as the terminology of ethics in a Westminster Review article (Oct.

  • Bradley, Ethical Studies, p. 4.

  • Bradley's Logic: " If " or " As often as you have the cause working unimpeded, you get the effect."

  • Bradley, N.

  • C. Bradley (4th ed., 1899).

  • Bradley, "is ultimately derived from the great Aryan sunmyth.

  • Bradley, The Lake District, its Highways and Byeways (London, 1901); Sir John Harwood, History of the Thirlmere Water Scheme (1895); for mountain-climbing, Col.

  • Bradley and D.

  • Bradley's bibliography of Northwestern institutional history in the Proceedings of the Wisconsin State Historical Society (Madison, Wis., 1896).

  • Bradley in his Ethical Studies (London, 1876).

  • In 1751, seconded by Lord Macclesfield, president of the Royal Society, and Bradley, the eminent mathematician, he distinguished himself greatly in the debates on the calendar, and succeeded in making the new style a fact.

  • It appears to have been used by James Bradley, but for its practical development we are mainly indebted to Sir William Rowan Hamilton, who published an account of it in the Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1846.

  • C. Bradley; Canon Rawnsley's Memories of the Tennysons (1900); Alfred Tennyson (1901), by Mr Andrew Lang; an essay on "The Mission of Tennyson" in Mr W.

  • Bradley, Wolfe (1895).

  • Bradley,& J.

  • Bradley, Principles of Logic (1883); B.

  • Bradley, Ethical Studies (1876); J.

  • He became intimate with James Bradley in 1755, and in 1761 was deputed by the Royal Society to make observations of the transit of Venus at St Helena.

  • Bradley William S.

  • Noah Martin Nathaniel Bradley Baker Ralph Metcalf .

  • Chester Bradley Jordan Nahum Josiah Bachelder John McLane .

  • Bradley, Ethical Studies (1876); H.

  • Bradley, Canada in the Twentieth Century (1903); Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada (yearly since 1883); R.

  • In 1755 he submitted to the English government an amended body of MS. tables, which James Bradley compared with the Greenwich observations, and found to be sufficiently accurate to determine the moon's place to 75", and consequently the longitude at sea to about half a degree.

  • Bradley in Academy, January 19, 1884); see also J.

  • The discovery of the aberration of light in 1725, due to James Bradley, is one of the most important in the whole domain of astronomy.

  • When James Bradley and Samuel Molyneux entered this sphere of astronomical research in 1725, there consequently prevailed much uncertainty as to whether stellar parallaxes had been observed or not; and it was with the intention of definitely answering this question that these astronomers erected a large telescope at the house of the latter at Kew.

  • On the 17th of December, however, Bradley observed that the star was moving southwards, a motion further shown by observations on the loth.

  • Bradley and Molyneux discussed several hypotheses in the hope of fixing the solution.

  • " Nutation, the only form of oscillation imagined by Bradley, postulates that while the earth's C A FIG.

  • Bradley had already perceived, in the case of the two stars previously scrutinized, that the apparent difference of declination from the maximum positions was nearly proportional to the sun's distance from the equinoctial points; and he realized the necessity for more observations before any generalization could be attempted.

  • Assured that his explanation was true, Bradley corrected his observations for aberration, but he found that there still remained a residuum which was evidently not a parallax, for it did not exhibit an annual cycle.

  • Bradley recognized the fact that the experimental determination of the aberration constant gave the ratio of the velocities of light and of the earth; hence, if the velocity of the earth be known, the velocity of light is determined.

  • - A detailed account of Bradley's work is given in S.

  • Rigaud, Memoirs of Bradley (1832), and in Charles Hutton, Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary (1795); a particularly clear and lucid account is given in H.

  • Bradley's Appearance and Reality (1893) is a more original performance.

  • It proceeds on the opposite method of making Bradley.

  • Bradley is right to go straight to reality, and right also to inquire for the absolute, in order to take care that his metaphysical view is comprehensive enough to be true of the world as a whole.

  • Bradley's supposed contradictions are really mere differences.

  • So far he reminds one of Herbart, who founded his " realistic " metaphysics on similar misunderstandings; except that, while Herbart concluded that the world consists of a number of simple " reals," each with a simple quality but unknown, Bradley concludes that reality is one absolute experience which harmonizes the supposed contradictions in an unknown manner.

  • There is no contradiction, then, though Bradley supposes one, between a thing being an individual, independent, self-subsistent substance, existing apart as a distinct thing, and being also related to other things.

  • Accordingly, the many things of this world are not self-discrepant, as Bradley says, but are distinct and relative substances, as.

  • The argument, therefore, for one substance in Spinoza's Ethics, and for one absolute, the Real, which is one substantially, in Bradley's Appearance and Reality, breaks down, so far as it is designed to prove that there is only one substance, or only one Real.

  • Bradley, however, having satisfied himself, like Spinoza, by an abuse of the word " independent," that " the finite is self-discrepant," goes on to ask what the one Real, the absolute, is; and, as he passed from Herbart to Spinoza, so now he passes from Spinoza to Kant.

  • Bradley answers idealistically that the one Real is one absolute experience, because all we know is experience.

  • Having thus confused contradiction and difference, independence and solitariness, experience and inference, Bradley is able to deduce finally that reality is not different substances, experienced and inferred, as Aristotle thought it, but is one absolute super-personal experience, to which the socalled plurality of things, including all bodies, all souls, and even a personal God, is appearance - an appearance, as ordinarily understood, self-contradictory, but, as appearing to one spiritual reality, somehow reconciled.

  • Mansel and Jowett, Green and Caird, Bradley and Bosanquet arose in quick succession, the predecessors of a generation which aims at a new metaphysics.

  • 1855, professor of philosophy, Harvard) believes in the absolute like Green and Bradley, in " the unity of a single self-consciousness, which includes both our own and all finite conscious meanings in one final eternally present insight," as he says in The World and the Individual (1900; see also later works).

  • Bradley, H.

  • Logical analysis, after assuming that truth is independent and not of our making, has to confess that all logical operations involve an apparently arbitrary interference with their data (Bradley).

  • Bradley, Recollections of A.

  • Bradley, Life and' Correspondence of Dean Stanley (2 vols., 1893).

  • C. Bradley's popular biography; and Professor Tout's article in the Dictionary of National Biography.

  • Bradley's Appearance and Reality (1893 2nd ed., 1897) and answered in the negative.

  • On this basis Bradley developed a theory of the Absolute which, while not denying that it must be conceived of spiritually, insisted that its spirituality is of a kind that finds no analogy in our self-conscious experience.

  • In reply to Bradley's argument for the unreality of the self, Hegel is interpreted as meaning that the opposition between self and not-self on which it is founded is one that is self-made and in being made is transcended.

  • James Bradley, on 27th December 1722, actually measured the diameter of Venus with a telescope whose objectglass had a focal length of 2124 ft.

  • The instrument was examined by Pound and Bradley, the former of whom reported upon it in Phil.

  • Bradley and Molyneux, having been instructed by Hadley in his methods of polishing specula, succeeded in producing some telescopes of considerable power, one of which had a focal length of 8 ft.; and, Molyneux having communicated these methods to Scarlet and Hearn, two London opticians, the manufacture of telescopes as a matter of business was commenced by them (Smith's Opticks, bk.

  • By far the most valuable of these is Bradley's catalogue of 3240 stars observed at Greenwich about 1750-1763, which has been re-reduced according to modern methods by A.

  • The large differences between these results, derived from the same material, depend mainly on the different systematic corrections applied by each astronomer to the declinations of Bradley.

  • The phenomenon of two drifts was discovered by an examination of the Bradley proper motions (Brit.

  • Thus Kapteyn found that the Bradley stars having proper motions greater than 5" per century were evenly distributed over the sky.

  • Writing his preface to his second edition in 1888, Sigwart says: " Important works have appeared by Lotze, Schuppe, Wundt and Bradley, to name only the most eminent; and all start from the conception which has guided this attempt.

  • Judgment is the act which refers an ideal content recognized as such to a reality beyond the act, predicating an idea of a reality, a what of a that; so that the subject is reality and the predicate the meaning of an idea, while the judgment refers the idea to reality by an identity of content (Bradley and Bosanquet).

  • Judgment is an assertion of reality, requiring comparison and ideas which render it directly expressible in words (Hobhouse, mainly following Bradley).

  • Venn, in his Symbolic Logic, proposes the four forms, xy = o, xy = o, xy>o, xy> o (where y means " not-y "), but only as alternative to the ordinary forms. Bradley says that " ` S-P is real' attributes S-P, directly or indirectly, to the ultimate reality," and agrees with Brentano that " ` is ' never stands for anything but ` exists ' "; while Bosanquet, who follows Bradley, goes so far as to define a categorical judgment as " that which affirms the existence of its subject, or, in other words, asserts a fact."

  • Brentano's forms do not express such a judgment of existence, as " All existing men are mortal ": nor does Bradley's form, " Reality includes S-P."

  • Hence the reconstruction of all categorical judgments by merging subject and predicate, either on Brentano's or on Bradley's plan, is a misrepresentation even of normal categorical judgments of existence.

  • In a correspondence with Mill, Brentano rejoined that the centaur exists in imagination; Bradley says, " inside our heads."

  • So long, however, as we use words in the natural sense, and call the former judgments of existence, and the latter judgments of non-existence, then " is " will not be, as Bradley supposes, the same as " exists," for we use " is " in both judgments, but " exists " only in the first kind.

  • This view, which has influenced not only German but also English logicians, such as Venn, Bradley and Bosanquet, destroys the fabric of inference, and reduces scientific laws to mere hypotheses.

  • When, again, Bradley and Bosanquet speak of the universal as if it always meant one ideal content referred to reality, they forget that in universal judgments of existence, such as " All men existing are mortal," we believe that every individually existing man dies his own death individually, though similarly to other men; and that we are thinking neither of ideas nor of reality; but of all existent individual men being individually but similarly determined.

  • An old error that we may have a valid syllogism from merely negative premises (ex omnibus negativis), long ago answered by Alexander and Boethius, is now revived by Lotze, Jevons and Bradley, who do not perceive that the supposed second negative is really an affirmative containing a " not " which can only be carried through the syllogism by separating it from the copula and attaching it to one of the extremes, thus: The just are not unhappy (negative).

  • Nevertheless, simple as this account appears, it is opposed in every point to recent logic. In the first place, the point of Bradley's logic is that " similarity is not a principle which works.

  • This view makes inference easy: induction is all over before it begins; for, according to Bradley, " every one of the instances is already a universal proposition; and it is not a particular fact or phenomenon at all," so that the moment you observe that this magnet attracts iron, you ipso facto know that every magnet does so, and all that remains for deduction is to identify a second magnet as the same with the first, and conclude that it attracts iron.

  • The basis of Bradley's logic is the fallacious dialectic of Hegel's metaphysics, founded on the supposition that two things, which are different, but have something in common, are the same.

  • " If," says Bradley, " A and B, for instance, both have lungs or gills, they are so far the same."

  • The answer to Hegel is that being and not-being are at most similarly indeterminate, and to Bradley that each animal has its own different lungs, whereby they are only similar.

  • magnets, is " absolutely the same," not in the sense of " one identical point " making each individual the same as any other, as Bradley supposes, but only in the sense of one whole class, or total of many similar individuals, e.g.

  • Secondly, a subordinate point in Bradley's logic is that there are inferences which are not syllogisms; and this is true.

  • Bradley seems to suppose that the major premise of a syllogism must be explicit, or else is nothing at all.

  • We may now then reassert two points about inference against Bradley's logic: the first, that it is a process from similar to similar, and not a process of identification, because two different things are not at all the same thing; the second, that it is the mental process from judgments to judgment rather than the linguistic process from propositions to proposition, because, besides the judgments expressed in propositions, it requires judgments which are not always expressed, and are sometimes even unconscious.

  • Bradley, The Principles of Logic (London, 1883); F.

  • Bradley's criticism, Principles of Logic, II.

  • Bradley.

  • Bradley, far though his metaphysic is removed from Herbart's.

  • The thorough recasting that this involves, even of the thought of the masters when it occasionally echoes them, has resulted in a phrasing uncouth to the ear of the plain man with his world of persons and things in which the former simply think about the latter, but it is fundamentally necessary for Bradley's purpose.

  • With Bradley reality is the one subject of all judgment immediate or mediate.

  • With a brilliant subtlety Bradley analyses the various types of judgment in his own way, with results that must be taken into account by all subsequent logicians of this type.

  • He is, perhaps, more able than Bradley has shown himself, to use material from alien sources and to penetrate to what is of value in the thought of writers from whom, whether on the whole or on particular issues, he disagrees.

  • In his fundamental theory of judgment his obligation is to Bradley.

  • It is to Lotze, however, that he owes most in the characteristic feature of his logic, viz., the systematic development of the types of judgment, and inference from less adequate to more adequate forms. His fundamental continuity with Bradley may be illustrated by his definition of inference.

  • Bradley in the " Story of the Nations " series (London, 1888).

  • Others have held that the self has a complex content, the subject self being, as it were, a fuller expression of the object-self (so Bradley); or again the subject self is the active content of the mind, and the object self the passive content which for the moment is exciting the attention.

  • For the purpose of improving knowledge of star-places he reduced James Bradley's Greenwich observations, and derived from them an invaluable catalogue of 3222 stars, published in the volume rightly named Fundamenta Astronomiae (1818).

  • Hilbert and Frank, Billaudot, Bradley and Jacobs, and others) have sought to combine the manufacture of calcium carbide and phosphorus by using only calcium phosphate and carbon, effecting direct reduction by carbon at a high temperature.

  • JAMES BRADLEY (1693-1762), English astronomer, was born at Sherborne in Gloucestershire in March 1693.

  • Rigaud's Memoir prefixed to Miscellaneous Works and Correspondence of James Bradley, D.D.

  • Bradley, in the Proceedings of the Wisconsin State Historical Society for 1897.

  • Bradley (1889), which supersedes the Life by E.

  • Bradley's Ethical Studies had presented with great brilliancy an idealist theory of morality not very far removed from that of Green's Prolegomena.

  • But it nevertheless follows in the main Bradley's line of criticism and may therefore be regarded as representative of his school.

  • It will be clear from the foregoing account of Taylor's work that the tendency of his thought, as of that of Bradley, is by no means directed to the confirmation or re-establishment of those principles of conduct recognized by the ordinary moral consciousness.

  • Green and Bradley and Taylor are the chief representatives, have dominated the field of ethical speculation since 1870.

  • Green and Bradley in founding a school of thought.

  • James Bradley discovered in 1728 the annual shifting of the stars due to the aberration of light, and in 1748, the complicating effects upon precession of the "nutation" of the earth's axis.

  • James Bradley chose the most appropriate tasks, and executed them supremely well, with the indispensable aid of John Bradley.

  • Bradley's store of observations has accordingly proved invaluable.

  • some value to Bradley's performance.

  • James Bradley had described to the Royal Society on the 2nd of July 171 9 the curious cyclical relations of the three inner satellites; and their period of 437 days was independently discovered by Wargentin, who based upon it in 1746 a set of tables, superseded only by those of J.

  • Bradley, was the first to represent the effects of nutation in the solar tables, and introduced, in 1741, the use of the transitinstrument at the Paris observatory.

  • Bradley in his Logic) have, however, shown that in practice its importance is greatly exaggerated.

  • In Northriding Bradley and Haverstoe have been combined to form Bradley Haverstoe wapentake, and the Domesday wapentake of Epworth in Westriding has been absorbed in that of Manley.

  • Bradley in Eng.

  • Actually, she had enough money to finish paying the loan if she depleted her bank account at Bradley.

  • The stage pulled into Bradley in a cloud of twilight dust.

  • achromatic telescope of Bradley, one of the earliest examples, is here.

  • Texas hold 'em roll and tips mark Bradley of.

  • Story or recreate names to remember if this is ed Bradley of.

  • Bradley president the full house.

  • We've seen here mark Bradley of are made pursuant alone includes million.

  • Marmaduke Bradley was the last abbot of Fountains, who surrendered the abbey and its estates to the royal commissioners in 1539.

  • The defendant was Joseph BRADLEY, and he was summoned for wife desertion, persistent cruelty and neglect of wife and child.

  • Some of the samples in the lower drawers of the cabinet have on them the name of R. Bradley.

  • Sunday - An early walk through the bush and the old artillery emplacements on Bradley's Head with glorious harbor views from the headland.

  • Mr Bradley said, " It was a complete and utter farce.

  • Bradley is also unduly harsh on the usefulness of a chair absorption measurement method involving screens.

  • David Bradley is an award-winning science journalist based in Cambridge, England.

  • lymphoid tissue Mr Bradley proposed a pragmatic test.

  • VAT Bradley Globe 30cm globe Antique colored with gold tone metal half meridian, on a wood tone base £ 40.00 incl.

  • According to Dr. Bradley, I was supposed to relax every muscle in my body.

  • prologueear's prolog winner Bradley McGee fell and hurt his back: he struggled to the finish six minutes behind.

  • Later, Max is furious when he learns that Tanya asked Bradley but soon relents as the party gets underway.

  • In late 1962, soul songstress Jan Bradley recorded Mama Didn't Lie at the Cuca studios for Formal, a tiny Chicago outfit.

  • Bradley, A. C. Shakespearean tragedy [1904] .

  • Two TSSA members defied the whip - Ray Gunter, who resigned from the Parliamentary Labor Party 32 and Tom Bradley.

  • Joan Bird writes: Samuel's brother Thomas was a pork butcher and married widow, Thirza Bradley in Birmingham in 1844.

  • Norton in 1877, and his Letters were edited and privately printed at Cambridge, Mass., in 1878 by James Bradley Thayer.

  • For the argument on behalf of William Stevenson's authorship, see Henry Bradley's essay prefixed to his edition of the play in Representative English Comedies (1903).

  • Beyond the introduction of the spider line it is unnecessary to mention the various steps by which the Gascoigne micrometer assumed the modern forms now in use, or to describe in detail the suggestions of Hooke, 4 Wren, Smeaton, Cassini, Bradley, Maskelyne, Herschel, Arago, Pearson, Bessel, Struve, Dawes, &c., or the successive productions of the great artists Ramsden, Troughton, Fraunhofer, Ertel, Simms, Cooke, Grubb, Clarke and Repsold.

  • Bradley (Ethical Studies, p. 2) quotes an even plainer attack on the conceptions as well as the terminology of ethics in a Westminster Review article (Oct.

  • Bradley's characteristic protest (Ethical Studies, pp. 82, 83): " If we wished to cross an unknown bog, and two men came to us of whom the one said ` Some one must know the way over this bog, for there must be a way, and you see there is no one here beside us two, and therefore one of us two must be able to guide you.

  • Bradley, Ethical Studies, p. 4.

  • Bradley's Logic: " If " or " As often as you have the cause working unimpeded, you get the effect."

  • Bradley had employed a similar arrangement which seems to have passed into oblivion (New Improvements of Planting and Gardening, 1710).

  • Bradley, N.

  • Bradley, Dem., 1871-1878.

  • C. Bradley (4th ed., 1899).

  • Bradley, "is ultimately derived from the great Aryan sunmyth.

  • Bradley, The Lake District, its Highways and Byeways (London, 1901); Sir John Harwood, History of the Thirlmere Water Scheme (1895); for mountain-climbing, Col.

  • Bradley and D.

  • Bradley's bibliography of Northwestern institutional history in the Proceedings of the Wisconsin State Historical Society (Madison, Wis., 1896).

  • Bradley in his Ethical Studies (London, 1876).

  • Bradley's words (Appearance and Reality): " I cannot transcend experience, and experience is my experience.

  • In 1751, seconded by Lord Macclesfield, president of the Royal Society, and Bradley, the eminent mathematician, he distinguished himself greatly in the debates on the calendar, and succeeded in making the new style a fact.

  • It appears to have been used by James Bradley, but for its practical development we are mainly indebted to Sir William Rowan Hamilton, who published an account of it in the Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1846.

  • C. Bradley; Canon Rawnsley's Memories of the Tennysons (1900); Alfred Tennyson (1901), by Mr Andrew Lang; an essay on "The Mission of Tennyson" in Mr W.

  • Bradley, Wolfe (1895).

  • Bradley,& J.

  • Bradley, Principles of Logic (1883); B.

  • Bradley, Ethical Studies (1876); J.

  • He became intimate with James Bradley in 1755, and in 1761 was deputed by the Royal Society to make observations of the transit of Venus at St Helena.

  • Bradley William S.

  • Noah Martin Nathaniel Bradley Baker Ralph Metcalf .

  • Chester Bradley Jordan Nahum Josiah Bachelder John McLane .

  • Bradley, Ethical Studies (1876); H.

  • Bradley, Canada in the Twentieth Century (1903); Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada (yearly since 1883); R.

  • In 1755 he submitted to the English government an amended body of MS. tables, which James Bradley compared with the Greenwich observations, and found to be sufficiently accurate to determine the moon's place to 75", and consequently the longitude at sea to about half a degree.

  • Bradley in Academy, January 19, 1884); see also J.

  • The discovery of the aberration of light in 1725, due to James Bradley, is one of the most important in the whole domain of astronomy.

  • That it was unexpected there can be no doubt; and it was only by extraordinary perseverance and perspicuity that Bradley was able to explain it in 1727.

  • When James Bradley and Samuel Molyneux entered this sphere of astronomical research in 1725, there consequently prevailed much uncertainty as to whether stellar parallaxes had been observed or not; and it was with the intention of definitely answering this question that these astronomers erected a large telescope at the house of the latter at Kew.

  • On the 17th of December, however, Bradley observed that the star was moving southwards, a motion further shown by observations on the loth.

  • Bradley and Molyneux discussed several hypotheses in the hope of fixing the solution.

  • " Nutation, the only form of oscillation imagined by Bradley, postulates that while the earth's C A FIG.

  • Bradley had already perceived, in the case of the two stars previously scrutinized, that the apparent difference of declination from the maximum positions was nearly proportional to the sun's distance from the equinoctial points; and he realized the necessity for more observations before any generalization could be attempted.

  • Sailing on the river Thames, Bradley repeatedly observed the shifting of a vane on the mast as the boat altered its course; and, having been assured that the motion of the vane meant that the boat, and not the wind, had altered its direction, he realized that the position taken up by the vane was determined by the motion of the boat and the direction of the wind.

  • Assured that his explanation was true, Bradley corrected his observations for aberration, but he found that there still remained a residuum which was evidently not a parallax, for it did not exhibit an annual cycle.

  • Bradley recognized the fact that the experimental determination of the aberration constant gave the ratio of the velocities of light and of the earth; hence, if the velocity of the earth be known, the velocity of light is determined.

  • - A detailed account of Bradley's work is given in S.

  • Rigaud, Memoirs of Bradley (1832), and in Charles Hutton, Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary (1795); a particularly clear and lucid account is given in H.

  • Bradley (b.

  • Bradley's Appearance and Reality (1893) is a more original performance.

  • It proceeds on the opposite method of making Bradley.

  • Bradley is right to go straight to reality, and right also to inquire for the absolute, in order to take care that his metaphysical view is comprehensive enough to be true of the world as a whole.

  • Bradley's supposed contradictions are really mere differences.

  • So far he reminds one of Herbart, who founded his " realistic " metaphysics on similar misunderstandings; except that, while Herbart concluded that the world consists of a number of simple " reals," each with a simple quality but unknown, Bradley concludes that reality is one absolute experience which harmonizes the supposed contradictions in an unknown manner.

  • There is no contradiction, then, though Bradley supposes one, between a thing being an individual, independent, self-subsistent substance, existing apart as a distinct thing, and being also related to other things.

  • Accordingly, the many things of this world are not self-discrepant, as Bradley says, but are distinct and relative substances, as.

  • The argument, therefore, for one substance in Spinoza's Ethics, and for one absolute, the Real, which is one substantially, in Bradley's Appearance and Reality, breaks down, so far as it is designed to prove that there is only one substance, or only one Real.

  • Bradley, however, having satisfied himself, like Spinoza, by an abuse of the word " independent," that " the finite is self-discrepant," goes on to ask what the one Real, the absolute, is; and, as he passed from Herbart to Spinoza, so now he passes from Spinoza to Kant.

  • Bradley answers idealistically that the one Real is one absolute experience, because all we know is experience.

  • Having thus confused contradiction and difference, independence and solitariness, experience and inference, Bradley is able to deduce finally that reality is not different substances, experienced and inferred, as Aristotle thought it, but is one absolute super-personal experience, to which the socalled plurality of things, including all bodies, all souls, and even a personal God, is appearance - an appearance, as ordinarily understood, self-contradictory, but, as appearing to one spiritual reality, somehow reconciled.

  • Mansel and Jowett, Green and Caird, Bradley and Bosanquet arose in quick succession, the predecessors of a generation which aims at a new metaphysics.

  • 1855, professor of philosophy, Harvard) believes in the absolute like Green and Bradley, in " the unity of a single self-consciousness, which includes both our own and all finite conscious meanings in one final eternally present insight," as he says in The World and the Individual (1900; see also later works).

  • Bradley, H.

  • Logical analysis, after assuming that truth is independent and not of our making, has to confess that all logical operations involve an apparently arbitrary interference with their data (Bradley).

  • Bradley, Recollections of A.

  • Bradley, Life and' Correspondence of Dean Stanley (2 vols., 1893).

  • C. Bradley's popular biography; and Professor Tout's article in the Dictionary of National Biography.

  • Bradley's Appearance and Reality (1893 2nd ed., 1897) and answered in the negative.

  • On this basis Bradley developed a theory of the Absolute which, while not denying that it must be conceived of spiritually, insisted that its spirituality is of a kind that finds no analogy in our self-conscious experience.

  • In reply to Bradley's argument for the unreality of the self, Hegel is interpreted as meaning that the opposition between self and not-self on which it is founded is one that is self-made and in being made is transcended.

  • James Bradley, on 27th December 1722, actually measured the diameter of Venus with a telescope whose objectglass had a focal length of 2124 ft.

  • The instrument was examined by Pound and Bradley, the former of whom reported upon it in Phil.

  • Bradley and Molyneux, having been instructed by Hadley in his methods of polishing specula, succeeded in producing some telescopes of considerable power, one of which had a focal length of 8 ft.; and, Molyneux having communicated these methods to Scarlet and Hearn, two London opticians, the manufacture of telescopes as a matter of business was commenced by them (Smith's Opticks, bk.

  • By far the most valuable of these is Bradley's catalogue of 3240 stars observed at Greenwich about 1750-1763, which has been re-reduced according to modern methods by A.

  • The large differences between these results, derived from the same material, depend mainly on the different systematic corrections applied by each astronomer to the declinations of Bradley.

  • The phenomenon of two drifts was discovered by an examination of the Bradley proper motions (Brit.

  • Thus Kapteyn found that the Bradley stars having proper motions greater than 5" per century were evenly distributed over the sky.

  • Writing his preface to his second edition in 1888, Sigwart says: " Important works have appeared by Lotze, Schuppe, Wundt and Bradley, to name only the most eminent; and all start from the conception which has guided this attempt.

  • Judgment is the act which refers an ideal content recognized as such to a reality beyond the act, predicating an idea of a reality, a what of a that; so that the subject is reality and the predicate the meaning of an idea, while the judgment refers the idea to reality by an identity of content (Bradley and Bosanquet).

  • Judgment is an assertion of reality, requiring comparison and ideas which render it directly expressible in words (Hobhouse, mainly following Bradley).

  • Venn, in his Symbolic Logic, proposes the four forms, xy = o, xy = o, xy>o, xy> o (where y means " not-y "), but only as alternative to the ordinary forms. Bradley says that " ` S-P is real' attributes S-P, directly or indirectly, to the ultimate reality," and agrees with Brentano that " ` is ' never stands for anything but ` exists ' "; while Bosanquet, who follows Bradley, goes so far as to define a categorical judgment as " that which affirms the existence of its subject, or, in other words, asserts a fact."

  • Brentano's forms do not express such a judgment of existence, as " All existing men are mortal ": nor does Bradley's form, " Reality includes S-P."

  • Hence the reconstruction of all categorical judgments by merging subject and predicate, either on Brentano's or on Bradley's plan, is a misrepresentation even of normal categorical judgments of existence.

  • In a correspondence with Mill, Brentano rejoined that the centaur exists in imagination; Bradley says, " inside our heads."

  • So long, however, as we use words in the natural sense, and call the former judgments of existence, and the latter judgments of non-existence, then " is " will not be, as Bradley supposes, the same as " exists," for we use " is " in both judgments, but " exists " only in the first kind.

  • This view, which has influenced not only German but also English logicians, such as Venn, Bradley and Bosanquet, destroys the fabric of inference, and reduces scientific laws to mere hypotheses.

  • When, again, Bradley and Bosanquet speak of the universal as if it always meant one ideal content referred to reality, they forget that in universal judgments of existence, such as " All men existing are mortal," we believe that every individually existing man dies his own death individually, though similarly to other men; and that we are thinking neither of ideas nor of reality; but of all existent individual men being individually but similarly determined.

  • An old error that we may have a valid syllogism from merely negative premises (ex omnibus negativis), long ago answered by Alexander and Boethius, is now revived by Lotze, Jevons and Bradley, who do not perceive that the supposed second negative is really an affirmative containing a " not " which can only be carried through the syllogism by separating it from the copula and attaching it to one of the extremes, thus: The just are not unhappy (negative).

  • Nevertheless, simple as this account appears, it is opposed in every point to recent logic. In the first place, the point of Bradley's logic is that " similarity is not a principle which works.

  • This view makes inference easy: induction is all over before it begins; for, according to Bradley, " every one of the instances is already a universal proposition; and it is not a particular fact or phenomenon at all," so that the moment you observe that this magnet attracts iron, you ipso facto know that every magnet does so, and all that remains for deduction is to identify a second magnet as the same with the first, and conclude that it attracts iron.

  • In dealing with Bradley's works we feel inclined to repeat what Aristotle says of the discourses of Socrates: they all exhibit excellence, cleverness, novelty and inquiry, but their truth is a difficult matter; and the Socratic paradox that virtue is knowledge is not more difficult than the Bradleian paradox that as two different things are the same, inference is identification.

  • The basis of Bradley's logic is the fallacious dialectic of Hegel's metaphysics, founded on the supposition that two things, which are different, but have something in common, are the same.

  • " If," says Bradley, " A and B, for instance, both have lungs or gills, they are so far the same."

  • The answer to Hegel is that being and not-being are at most similarly indeterminate, and to Bradley that each animal has its own different lungs, whereby they are only similar.

  • magnets, is " absolutely the same," not in the sense of " one identical point " making each individual the same as any other, as Bradley supposes, but only in the sense of one whole class, or total of many similar individuals, e.g.

  • Secondly, a subordinate point in Bradley's logic is that there are inferences which are not syllogisms; and this is true.

  • Bradley seems to suppose that the major premise of a syllogism must be explicit, or else is nothing at all.

  • We may now then reassert two points about inference against Bradley's logic: the first, that it is a process from similar to similar, and not a process of identification, because two different things are not at all the same thing; the second, that it is the mental process from judgments to judgment rather than the linguistic process from propositions to proposition, because, besides the judgments expressed in propositions, it requires judgments which are not always expressed, and are sometimes even unconscious.

  • Bradley, The Principles of Logic (London, 1883); F.

  • Bradley's criticism, Principles of Logic, II.

  • Bradley, far though his metaphysic is removed from Herbart's.

  • Of intellectualist logic Francis Herbert Bradley' (b.

  • The thorough recasting that this involves, even of the thought of the masters when it occasionally echoes them, has resulted in a phrasing uncouth to the ear of the plain man with his world of persons and things in which the former simply think about the latter, but it is fundamentally necessary for Bradley's purpose.

  • With Bradley reality is the one subject of all judgment immediate or mediate.

  • With a brilliant subtlety Bradley analyses the various types of judgment in his own way, with results that must be taken into account by all subsequent logicians of this type.

  • He is, perhaps, more able than Bradley has shown himself, to use material from alien sources and to penetrate to what is of value in the thought of writers from whom, whether on the whole or on particular issues, he disagrees.

  • In his fundamental theory of judgment his obligation is to Bradley.

  • It is to Lotze, however, that he owes most in the characteristic feature of his logic, viz., the systematic development of the types of judgment, and inference from less adequate to more adequate forms. His fundamental continuity with Bradley may be illustrated by his definition of inference.

  • Bradley in the " Story of the Nations " series (London, 1888).

  • Others have held that the self has a complex content, the subject self being, as it were, a fuller expression of the object-self (so Bradley); or again the subject self is the active content of the mind, and the object self the passive content which for the moment is exciting the attention.

  • For the purpose of improving knowledge of star-places he reduced James Bradley's Greenwich observations, and derived from them an invaluable catalogue of 3222 stars, published in the volume rightly named Fundamenta Astronomiae (1818).

  • Hilbert and Frank, Billaudot, Bradley and Jacobs, and others) have sought to combine the manufacture of calcium carbide and phosphorus by using only calcium phosphate and carbon, effecting direct reduction by carbon at a high temperature.

  • JAMES BRADLEY (1693-1762), English astronomer, was born at Sherborne in Gloucestershire in March 1693.

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