Brachial plexus Sentence Examples
The initial phase III studies involved patients with Multiple Sclerosis, neuropathic pain, brachial plexus avulsion and cancer pain.
Question 17 A. false B. false C. true D. true E. true There are 3 common approaches to blocking the brachial plexus.
This causes tension on the brachial plexus which may stretch or rupture the nerves.
Air work with the breath to increase respiration and mobilize the shoulder girdle with brachial plexus work and trapezius release.
The brachial plexus is formed by four or five of the lowest cervical nerves; the last nerve of this plexus often marks the boundary of the cervical and thoracic vertebrae.Advertisement
Injury to the brachial plexus is referred to by various names.
Some names, such as obstetric Erb's palsy, refer to the specific region of the brachial plexus where the injury has occurred.
The nerves of the brachial plexus are the fifth through the eighth cervical nerves (C5, C6, C7, and C8) and the first thoracic nerve (T1).
Every brachial plexus injury is different, depending on the affected nerve or nerves and the extent and severity of the injury.
Most brachial plexus injuries in newborns are of this type.Advertisement
An avulsion is the most severe form of brachial plexus injury.
A minor brachial plexus injury can be a stretched nerve that results in a short-circuit in a few of the nerve fibers, causing temporary paralysis.
Most injuries to the brachial plexus during birth involve the C5 and C6 nerve roots, affecting the movement of the shoulder, upper arm, and elbow.
Obstetric Erb's palsy is an injury in the upper brachial plexus involving C5 and C6 and sometimes C7.
Also called Erb/Klumpke palsy, total plexus palsy involves all of the nerve roots of the brachial plexus to at least some extent.Advertisement
An infant's shoulder becomes stuck on the mother's pelvic bone during birth; the infant's neck may be stretched and the brachial plexus injured as the physician pulls on the baby to free it before circulatory or respiratory stress occurs.
Although brachial plexus injuries can occur during any birth, there are particular risk factors.
The highest rates of brachial plexus injury (7.8%) occur in newborns weighing over 10 lb (4.5 kg) who are born by assisted vaginal delivery to diabetic mothers.
Some 50-70 percent of brachial plexus injuries occur in larger-than-average newborns, usually those over 7.7 lb (3.5 kg).
Breech deliveries increase the risk of brachial plexopathy by 175-fold, often causing bilateral injuries to the lower nerve roots of the brachial plexus.Advertisement
Therefore, stretch or praxis injuries to the brachial plexus usually heal on their own within about three months, leading to complete recovery.
About ten percent of brachial plexus injuries in infants require surgery.
In another study of 28 infants with damage to the upper brachial plexus and 38 infants with total plexus palsy, 92 percent recovered spontaneously.
Total plexus palsy-Erb/Klumpke palsy; a condition resulting from injury involving all of the brachial plexus nerves and affecting the entire upper extremity of the body.
Karaca, P., et al. "Painful paresthesiae are infrequent during brachial plexus localization using low-current peripheral nerve stimulation."Advertisement
If the delay occurs mainly in one developmental area, the child may have hemiplegia, a brachial plexus injury, such as Erb's or Klumple's palsy, or a broken clavicle.