Boron sentence example

boron
  • Conspicuous examples are afforded by oxygen, carbon, boron, silicon, phosphorus, mercuric oxide and iodide.

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  • After the vigorous reaction has ceased and all the sodium has been used up, the mass is thrown into dilute hydrochloric acid, when the soluble sodium salts go into solution, and the insoluble boron remains as a brown powder, which may by filtered off and dried.

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  • This mixture burns with a green flame forming boron trioxide; whilst boron is deposited on passing the gas mixture through a hot tube, or on depressing a cold surface in the gas flame.

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  • In 1927 a very large deposit of relatively pure Borax was discovered at what is now Boron, CA, in the Mojave Desert.

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  • Thenard in 1808 by heating boron trioxide with potassium, in an iron tube.

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  • Sainte-Claire Deville obtained a grey product, from which, on dissolving out the aluminium with sodium hydroxide, they obtained a crystalline product, which they thought to be a modification of boron, but which was shown later to be a mixture of aluminium borides with more or less carbon.

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  • Boron dissolves in molten aluminium, and on cooling, transparent, almost colourless crystals are obtained, possessing a lustre, hardness and refractivity near that of the diamond.

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  • Boron hydride has probably never been isolated in the pure condition; on heating boron trioxide with magnesium filings, a magnesium boride Mg 3 B 2 is obtained, and if this be decomposed with dilute hydrochloric acid a very evil-smelling gas, consisting of a mixture of hydrogen and boron hydride, is obtained.

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  • Boron fluoride also combines with ammonia gas, equal volumes of the two gases giving a white crystalline solid of composition BF 3 NH 3 i with excess of ammonia gas, colourless liquids BF 3.2NH 3 and BF 3.3NH 3 are produced, which on heating lose ammonia and are converted into the solid form.

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  • Boron chloride BC1 3 results when amorphous boron is heated in chlorine gas, or more readily, on passing a stream of chlorine over a heated mixture of boron trioxide and charcoal, the volatile product being condensed in a tube surrounded by a freezing mixture.

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  • Boron and iodine do not combine directly, but gaseous hydriodic acid reacts with amorphous boron to form the iodide, BI 31 which can also be obtained by passing boron chloride and hydriodic acid through a red-hot porcelain tube.

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  • Boron nitride BN is formed when boron is burned either in air or in nitrogen, but can be obtained more readily by heating to redness in a platinum crucible a mixture of one part of anhydrous borax with two parts of dry ammonium chloride.

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  • It can also be prepared by heating borimide B2(NH)31 or by heating boron trioxide with a metallic cyanide.

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  • A pentasulphide B2S5 is prepared, in an impure condition, by heating a solution of sulphur in carbon bisulphide with boron iodide, and forms a white crystalline powder which decomposes under the influence of water into sulphur, sulphuretted hydrogen and boric acid.

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  • Boron trioxide B203 is the only known oxide of boron; and may be prepared by heating amorphous boron in oxygen, or better, by strongly igniting boric acid.

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  • Carbon was joined with silicon, zirconium and titanium, while boron, being trivalent, was relegated to another group. A general classification of elements, however, was not realized by Frankland, nor even by Odling, who had also investigated the question from the valency standpoint.

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  • The discovery of boron by Gay Lussac and Davy in 1809 led Berzelius to investigate silica (silex).

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  • This has proved to be erroneous; it is non-metallic in character, and its name was altered to silicon, from analogy with carbon and boron.

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  • The preparation of crystalline boron in 1856 by Wohler and Sainte Claire Deville showed that this element also existed in allotropic forms, amorphous boron having been obtained simultaneously and independently in 1809 by Gay Lussac and Davy.

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  • Wohler, he investigated the allotropic forms of silicon and boron.

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  • It combines with the halide derivatives of boron and silicon to form, e.g.

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  • Type 2b These diamonds contain no nitrogen - but they do contain boron, which absorbs red, orange and yellow light.

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  • Where trace elements are used, boron plus cocktails of zinc, magnesium, manganese and sulfur will be applied.

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  • First, it is essential to use the strongest magnets available, preferably neodymium iron boron.

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  • The mineral boron is known to affect estrogen metabolism.

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  • Harmful toxic chemicals are minimized in manufacture through the Ecoplus System's use of low toxicity boron timber preservatives and natural oil-based timber finishes.

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  • It is extremely lightweight but is the third hardest material known to science, next to diamond and cubic boron nitride.

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  • The boron skeleton takes the form of a regular icosahedron.

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  • The engine used a conical rotary valve made from pure boron nitride.

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  • Pure amorphous boron is a chestnut-coloured powder of specific gravity 2.45; it sublimes in the electric arc, is totally unaffected by air at ordinary temperatures, and burns on strong ignition with production of the oxide B 2 0 3 and the nitride BN.

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  • It is insoluble in water and unaffected by most reagents, but when heated in a current of steam or boiled for some time with a caustic alkali, slowly decomposes with evolution of ammonia and the formation of boron trioxide or an alkaline borate; it dissolves slowly in hydrofluoric acid.

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  • It is not volatile below a white heat, and consequently, if heated with salts of more volatile acids, it expels the acid forming oxide from such salts; for example, if potassium sulphate be heated with boron trioxide, sulphur trioxide is liberated and potassium borate formed.

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  • Boron triethyl B(C 2 H 5) 3 is obtained in the same manner, by using zinc ethyl.

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  • Boron can be estimated by precipitation as potassium fluoborate, which is insoluble in a mixture of potassium acetate and alcohol, For this purpose only boric acid or its potassium salt must be present; and to ensure this, the borate can be distilled with sulphuric acid and methyl alcohol and the volatile ester absorbed in potash.

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  • Thus, hydrogen unites with but a single atom of chlorine, zinc with two, boron with three, silicon with four, phosphorus with five and tungsten with six.

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  • Sainte-Claire Deville, ignorant of what he had done, adopted the same methods in his efforts to prepare the metal on an industrial scale; the result of Wohler's claim of priority was that the two became good friends and joined in a research, published in 1856-1857, which yielded "adamantine boron."

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  • Few ranchers add boron to the feed of their livestock.

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  • There is some evidence that chromium, boron, and other inorganic elements play some part in human nutrition, but their role has not been proven.

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  • However, minimum daily requirements for some minerals such as boron, chromium, and molybdenum, do not exist.

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  • A deficiency in boron is associated with vitamin D deficiency.

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  • Boron supplements can improve calcium levels as well as vitamin D levels, and can help prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women by promoting calcium absorption.

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  • Because boron is involved in the absorption of calcium, the only symptom may be reduced levels of calcium or the inability to absorb supplemental calcium.

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  • Boron is abundant in apples, pears, grapes, leafy greens, carrots, whole grains, and nuts.

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  • Nutritional supplements that may be beneficial include large amounts of antioxidants (vitamins C, A, E, zinc, selenium, and flavenoids), as well as B vitamins and a full complement of minerals (including boron, copper, and manganese).

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  • Other ingredients include choline, insolital, l-theanine and boron.

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  • A small two-year study showed that boron intake didn't help to prevent prostate cancer.

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  • Blue diamonds are typically formed when a diamond contains boron but not nitrogen.

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  • While gemologists are certain of what causes certain shades - boron, for example, creates blue stones - they haven't yet discovered what creates pink shades.

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  • Blue diamonds are formed when boron is added to the crystal structure.

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  • In order for a diamond to take on a blue color, it needs to include some boron.

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  • In blue diamonds, this boron takes the place of some of the carbon within the crystal lattice that makes up all diamonds.

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  • This boron in the diamond lattice gives the stone a beautiful blue color, but this impurity occurs in less than 0.1% of all diamonds.

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  • The blue coloration in these gems is caused by boron in the diamond's crystalline structure.

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  • In order to display this blue color, the diamond structure must include trace amounts of boron within the carbon lattice.

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  • While it's rare for a diamond to include boron, it's even rarer for it to exhibit a brilliant blue shade like the Heart of Eternity.

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  • Boron bromide BBr 3 can be formed by direct union of the two elements, but is best obtained by the method used for the preparation of the chloride.

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  • Many organic compounds of boron are known; thus, from the action of the trichloride on ethyl alcohol or on methyl alcohol, ethyl borate B(OC2H5)3 and methyl borate B(OCH 3) 3 are obtained.

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  • The results of Berzelius were greatly extended by Hermann Kopp, who recognized that carbon, boron and silicon were exceptions to the law.

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  • Mehner patented heating the oxides of silicon, boron or magnesium with coal or coke in an electric furnace, and then passing in nitrogen, which forms, with the metal liberated by the action of the carbon, a readily decomposable nitride.

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  • By fusing litharge with boron trioxide, glasses of a composition varying with the proportions of the mixture are obtained; some of these are used in the manufacture of glass.

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  • The metals used in different combinations included tin, aluminium, arsenic, antimony, bismuth and boron; each of these, when united in certain proportions with manganese, together with a larger quantity of copper (which appears to serve merely as a menstruum), constituted a magnetizable alloy.

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  • In 1858 he pointed out the isomorphism of the fluostannates and the fluosilicates, thus settling the then vexed question of the composition of silicic acid; and subsequently he studied the fluosalts of zirconium, boron, tungsten, &c., and prepared silicotungstic acid, one of the first examples of the complex inorganic acids.

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  • The isolation of metallic titanium is very difficult since it readily combines with nitrogen (thus resembling boron and magnesium) and carbon.

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  • Tantalum pentoxide, Ta205, is a white amorphous infusible powder, or it may be crystallized by strongly heating, or by fusing with boron trioxide or microcosmic salt.

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  • Sodium is largely employed in the manufacture of cyanides and in reduction processes leading to the isolation of such elements as magnesium, silicon, boron, aluminium (formerly), &c.; it also finds application in organic chemistry.

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  • In composition it approximates to Cr203 H20, but it always contains more or less boron trioxide.

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  • Crystallized alumina is also obtained by heating the fluoride with boron trioxide; by fusing aluminium phosphate with sodium sulphate; by heating alumina to a dull redness in hydrochloric acid gas under pressure; and by heating alumina with lead oxide to a bright red heat.

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  • Thenard, who had no battery at their disposal, to search for a chemical method of obtaining those metals, and by the action of red-hot iron on fused potash - a method of which Davy admitted the advantages - they succeeded in 1808 in preparing potassium, going on to make a full study of its properties and to use it, as Davy also did, for the reduction of boron from boracic acid in 1809.

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  • The Tibetan mineral deposits have been known since very early times, and formerly the crude material was exported to Europe, under the name of tincal, for the preparation of pure borax and other boron salts.

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  • More recently, the extensive deposits of borates (chiefly, however, of calcium; see Colemanite) in the Mohave desert on the borders of California and Nevada, and in the Atacama desert in South America, have been the chief commercial sources of boron compounds.

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  • The boron contained in solution in the salt lakes has very probably been supplied by hot springs and solfataras of volcanic origin, such as those which at the present day charge the waters of the lagoons in Tuscany with boric acid.

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  • He also described the preparation of boron, for which at first he proposed the name boracium, on the impression that it was a metal.

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