They say a blast at the Wanaka mine killed two.
Blast her when she falls.
Charlie turned to blast Brady's exposed back.
Blast Publishing Company is a stupid name for a stupid publication.
"Blast you!" he shouted, holding up his whip threateningly at the count.
A blast of energy whipped by her, knocking her back, and the jaguar was sent flying.
They'd circled it twice, but the blast had scorched dirt, trees, and any traces of Lana over a hundred meters in every direction beyond the crater.
Rhyn stopped and knelt, placing his hands to the ground. Kris crossed his arms. A blast of energized air swept over him. Rhyn sat back.
A woman with a gruff voice answered for Blast Publishing.
"Best we could do on short notice," Fred yelled over the wailing blast of the fire engine's siren ahead of them.
"We're debating whether we blast you and the gem or spare you, in case it doesn't work," the Original Other spoke to her.
A blast of cold tore through him as she directed her magic into him.
Dean could only guess how painful so strong a blast directed at your body—and sometimes head—must feel.
After it has been melted down and brought to a red heat, the blast, admitted at the back, oxidizes the lead and drives the litharge formed towards the front, where it is run off.
Once you get something into your head, dynamite couldn't blast it out.
The blast was short but sucked her magic and left her feeling as if her insides were on fire.
He absorbed the blast and bent to haul her up.
Pop, blast this idiot!
19 the blast orifice B is set much lower, and the steam is discharged through a frustum of a cone set in the upper part of the smoke-box into the short chimney.
Leyon took her into one of the mountains, and she sighed at the blast of chilled air that greeted her.
The working door through which the litharge is run off lies under the flue which carries off the products of combustion and the lead fumes, the lead is charged and the blast is admitted near the fire-bridge.
There are blast furnaces, iron foundries, engineering works, iron ship-building yards, extensive saw-mills, flour-mills and a manufactory of "blue and white" pottery.
At every blast a small quantity of steam is caught by the orifice 0 and led to the ejectors, one on each side, with the result that the ashes are blown out into the receptacles on each side of the engine, one of which is shown at E.
blast, (ii.) communicates 12.
It was plain that at the first revolutionary blast from without, or the first insurrectionary outburst from within, the " Bach System would vanish like a mirage.
A shiver ran through the tree, and the wind sent forth a blast that would have knocked me off had I not clung to the branch with might and main.
It would be easy to cut their threads any time with a little sharper blast from the north.
These foliaceous heaps lie along the bank like the slag of a furnace, showing that Nature is "in full blast" within.
The dairy door swung open with a blast of cold air and Alex paused in the doorway.
At the same time Berzelius obtained the element, in an impure condition, by fusing silica with charcoal and iron in a blast furnace; its preparation in a pure condition he first accomplished in 1823, when he invented the method of heating double potassium fluorides with metallic potassium.
In 1888 the Dowlais Iron Company (now Messrs Guest, Keen & Nettlefold, Ltd.) acquired here some ninety acres on which were built four blast furnaces and six Siemens' smelting furnaces.
This seems to be due to the dust abundantly produced in mining operations, and especially by machine drills when boring " dry " (rising) blast holes.
She's having a blast.
He finds that the endoderm arises may be readily distinguished, six of which subsequently enter into from an anterior and a posterior rudiment derived from the " endothe formation of the head, three going to the thorax and twelve to blast," that many of the cells of these rudiments wander into the the abdomen.
Selling his Baltimore works, he built, in 1836, in partnership with his brother Thomas, a rolling mill in New York; in 1845 he removed it to Trenton, New Jersey, where iron structural beams were first made in 1854 and the Bessemer process first tried in America in 1856; and at Philippsburg, New Jersey, he built the largest blast furnace in the country at that time.
These pillars are then filled with blast holes which are fired simultaneously, permitting the whole block of ground to the level above to drop. A floor is then reopened in this fallen ore, leaving pillars for temporary support which are blasted out as before.
In the neighbourhood of Millom there are blast furnaces and highly productive mines of red haematite ore.
"No more lunatic rages or attempts to blast himself to the moon or whatever he was doing last week," General Greene added with a shake of his head.
Magic shot through him, burning like fire. Kris gasped. Another blast, and he fell to the ground. His body roiled with the demon magic, convulsing until the blow faded. He felt himself hauled up by his neck and thrust onto the ground again. His vision blurry, Kris could only see Hannah's beautiful blond hair. Sorrow replaced anger, and he reached out, touching the soft wheat curls.
One of the expository discourses of John Knox (1505-1572), we are told, was of more power to awaken his hearers than a blast from "five hundred trumpets."
Even if she did, the feds had thrown up walls on the other side that looked like they could withstand a nuclear blast.
As a preliminary to the melting process, the "browse" left in the preceding operation (half-fused and imperfectly reduced ore) is introduced with some peat and coal, and heated with the help of the blast.
The furnace consists of a shaft, circular (or more rarely rectangular) in plan, into which alternate layers of fuel and ore are charged, an air blast being generally injected near to the bottom of the furnace through one or more tuyeres.
A fan blast enters the lower end, and, passing out at the upper end, carries off the vapour produced by the drying of the sugar, and at the same time assists the evaporation.
ann, Chitinous annulus, containing air cavities which enable the stato blast to float.
The mining of these, together with blast furnaces and engineering works, occupies the large industrial population.
It is especially used for drying hops and malt, and in blast furnaces where a high temperature is required, but it is not suited for reverberatory furnaces.
The material for filling may be the waste from earlier workings stored in the spoil banks at the surface; where there are blast furnaces in the neighbourhood, granulated slag mixed with earth affords excellent packing.
When the coal has been under-cut for a sufficient length, the struts are withdrawn, and the overhanging mass is allowed to fall during the time that the workmen are out of the pit, or it may be brought down by driving wedges, or if it be of a compact character a blast in a borehole near the roof may be required.
release of stored-up masses in the coal, which, overpowering the ventilation, produce magazines of explosive material ready for ignition when brought in contact with the flame of a lamp or the blast of a shot.
When the coal is fired by the blast of an explosion it is often necessary to isolate the mine completely by stopping up the mouths of the pits with earth, or in extreme cases it must be flooded with water or carbonic acid before the fire can be brought under.
In breaking up and sending out the carbide for commercial work, packed in air-tight drums, the crust is removed by a sand blast.
Among towns next to the capital, Luxemburg, are Echternach and Diekirch, both worthy of note for their blast furnaces.
There are blast furnaces in the neighbouring parish of Asfordby for the smelting of the abundant supply of iron ore in the district.
The great industries are coal-miningsome of the pits extending for a long distance beneath the firthiron-founding (with several blast furnaces) and engineering, but it has also important manufactures of salt, soap, vitriol and other chemicals.
The disk being started, then by means of a tube held at one end between the lips, and applied near to the disk at the other, or more easily with a common bellows, a blast of air is made to fall on the part of the disk which contains any one of the above circles.
Their blast furnaces produce 1,700,000 tons of pig-iron annually.
The value of its factory products in 1905 was $ 1 7, 1 4 6, 33 8 (1 4.3% more than in 1900), the more important being those of steel works and rolling mills ($4,528,907), blast furnaces, steam railway repair shops, cigar and cigarette factories ($1,258,498), foundries and machine shops ($953,617), boot and shoe factories ($922,568), flouring and grist mills, slaughtering and meat-packing establishments and silk mills.
From the mass thrown out by the blast, or loosened so as readily to come away by the use of crowbars, the men select and sort all good blocks and send them in waggons to the slate huts to be split and dressed into slates.
Thus, of silk goods, worsteds, the products of blast furnaces, of rolling mills and steel works, glass, boots and shoes, hosiery and knit goods, slaughtering and meat products, agricultural implements, woollens, leather goods, cotton goods and paper and wood pulp, four leading states produced in each case from 88~5%, in the case of silk goods, to 58.6% in the case of pulp.
Magnetites were also early employed, at first in Catalan forges, in which by means of a direct process the metal was secured from the ores and forged into blooms without being cast; later they were smelted in blast furnaces.
Where the blast has to be kept up for only a few seconds, this instrument is quite serviceable, but in longer chemical operations inconvenience arises from the condensation of moisture exhaled by the lungs in the tube.
The mode of blowing is peculiar, and requires some practice; an uninterrupted blast is kept up by the muscular action of the cheeks, while the ordinary respiration goes on through the nostrils.
The laboratory form in common use consists of a bellows worked by either hand or foot, and a special type of gas burner formed of two concentric tubes, one conveying the blast, the other the gas; the supply of air and gas being regulated by stopcocks.
The hot blast blowpipe of T.
Fletcher, in which the blast is heated by passing through a copper coil heated by a separate burner, is only of service when a pointed flame of a fairly high temperature is required.
Blowpipes in which oxygen is used as the blast have been manufactured by Fletcher, Russell && Co., and have proved of great service in conducting fusions which require a temperature above that yielded by the air-blowpipe.
The child-labour law of 1909 forbids the employment of children under eighteen years of age in blast furnaces, tanneries, quarries, in managing elevator lifts or hoisting machines, in oiling dangerous machinery while in motion, at switch tending, as brakesmen, firemen, engineers, motormen and in other positions of similar character.
Darwen is a centre of the cotton trade and has also blast furnaces, and paper-making, paper-staining and fire-clay works.
A screen of some kind to temper the fury of the blast is absolutely necessary.
the molten cast iron as it issues from the blast furnace, or the pigs into which it is cast.
The natural steps first of making it intentionally by putting such stones into his fire, and next of improving his fire by putting it and these stones into a cavity on the weather side of some bank with an opening towards the prevalent wind, would give a simple forge, differing only in size, in lacking forced blast, and in details of construction, from the Catalan forges and bloomaries of to-day.
If his bellows had only a single opening, that through which they delivered the blast upon the fire, then in inflating them he would draw back into them the hot air and ashes from the fire.
In time the smith learnt how to convert this unwelcome product into wrought iron by remelting it in the forge, exposing it to the blast in such a way as to burn out most of its carbon.
Indeed it was the use of water-power that gave the smith pressure strong enough to force his blast up through a longer column of ore and fuel, and thus enabled him to increase the height of his forge, enlarge the scale of his operations, and in turn save fuel and labour.
The indirect process once established, the gradual increase in the height and diameter of the high furnace, which has lasted till our own days, naturally went on and developed the gigantic blast furnaces of the present time, still called " high furnaces " in French and German.
It was then, in 1735, that Abraham Darby showed how to make cast iron with coke in the high furnace, which by this time had become a veritable blast furnace.
The next great improvement in blast-furnace practice came in 1811, when Aubertot in France used for heating steel the furnace gases rich in carbonic oxide which till then had been allowed to burn uselessly at the top of the blast furnace.
Neilson's invention in 1828 of heating the blast, which increased the production and lessened the fuel-consumption of the furnace wonderfully.
Very soon after this, in 1832, the work of heating the blast was done by means of the waste gases, at Wasseralfingen in Bavaria.
After the remarkable development of the blast furnace, the Bessemer, and the open-hearth processes, the most important work of this, the third period of the history of iron, is the birth and growth of the science and art of iron metallography.
These two things are done simultaneously by heating and melting the ore in contact with coke, charcoal or anthracite, in the iron blast furnace, from which issue intermittently two molten streams, the iron now deoxidized and incidentally carburized by the fuel with which it has been in contact, and the mineral matter, now called " slag."
This crude cast iron, called " pig iron," may be run from the blast furnace directly Ore FIG.
On its way from the blast furnace to the converter or open hearth furnace the pig iron is often passed through a great reservoir called a " mixer," which acts also as an equalizer, to lessen the variation in composition of the cast iron, and as a purifier, removing part of the sulphur and silicon.
The iron blast furnace, a crude but very efficient piece of apparatus, is an enormous shaft usually about 80 ft.
7 and 8, of a solid column of lumps of fuel, ore and limestone, which are charged through a hopper at the top, and descend slowly as the lower end of the column is eaten off through the burning away of its coke by means of very hot air or " blast " blown through '?
- Section of Duquesne Blast Furnace.
GG; Flanges on the ore bucket; P, Cinder notch; HH, Fixed flanges on the top of RR', Water cooled boxes; the furnace; S, Blast pipe; J, Counterweighted false bell; T, Cable for allowing conical K, Main bell; bottom of bucket to 0, Tuyere; drop.
- Lower Part of the Blast Furnace.
Interpenetrating this descending column of solid ore, limestone and coke, there is an upward rushing column of hot gases, the atmospheric nitrogen of the blast from the tuyeres, and the FIG.
carbonic oxide from the combustion of the coke by that blast.
by the fear that, if it were greater, the blast would penetrate so feebly to the centre that the difference in conditions between centre and circumference would be so great as to cause serious unevenness of working.
There are some very evident disadvantages of excessive height; for instance, that the weight of an excessively high column of solid coke, ore and limestone tends to crush the coke and jam the charge in the lower and narrowing part of the furnace, and that the frictional resistance of a long column calls for a greater consumption of power for driving the blast up through it.
Moreover, this resistance increases much more rapidly than the height of the furnace, even if the rapidity with which the blast is forced through is constant; and it still further increases if the additional space gained by lengthening the furnace is made useful by increasing proportionally the rate of production, as indeed would naturally be done, because the chief motive for gaining this additional space is to increase production.
The reason why the frictional resistance would be further increased is the very simple one that the increase in the rate of production implies directly a corresponding increase in the quantity of blast forced through, and hence in the velocity of the rising gases, because the chemical work of the blast furnace needs a certain quantity of blast for each ton of iron made.
Hot Blast and Dry Blast.
- On its way from the blowing engine to the tuyeres of the blast-furnace, the blast, i.e.
In the hearth of the blast furnace the heat made latent by the fusion of the iron and slag must of course be supplied by some body which is itself at a temperature above the melting point of these bodies, which for simplicity of exposition we may call the critical temperature of the blast-furnace process, because heat will flow only from a hotter to a cooler object.
If by pre-heating the blast we add to the sum of the heat available; or if by drying it we subtract from the work to be done by that heat the quantity needed for decomposing the atmospheric moisture; or if by removing part of its nitrogen we lessen the mass over which the heat developed has to be spread - if by any of these means we raise the temperature developed by the combustion of the coke, it is clear that we increase the proportion of the total heat which is available for this critical work in exactly the way in which we should increase the proportion of the water of a stream, initially too in.
The special conditions of the blast-furnace actually exaggerate the saving due to this widening of the available temperature-margin, and beyond this drying the blast does great good by preventing the serious irregularities in working the furnace caused by changes in the humidity of the air with varying weather.
part of which is used for raising steam for generating the blast itself and driving the rolling mill engines, &c., or directly in gas engines, and the rest for heating the blast.
This heating was formerly done by burning part of the gases, after their escape from the furnace top, in a large combustion chamber, around a series of cast iron pipes through which the blast passed on its way from the blowing engine to the tuyeres.
But these " iron pipe stoves " are fast going out of use, chiefly because they are destroyed quickly if an attempt is made to heat the blast above r000° F.
With these the regular temperature of the blast at some works is about 1400° F.
(760°C.), and the usual blast temperature lies between 900° and 1200° F.
Like the Siemens furnace, described in § 99, they have two distinct phases: one, " on gas," during which part of the waste gas of the blast-furnace is burnt within the stove, highly heating the great surface of brickwork which for that purpose is provided within it; the other, " on wind," during which the blast is.
They are heat-filters or heat-traps for impounding the heat developed by the combustion of the furnace gas, and later returning it to the blast.
io), by means of the surface of several fire-brick walls, catches in one phase the heat evolved by the burning gas as it sweeps through, and in the other phase returns that heat to the entering blast as it sweeps through from left to right.
10, both the burning gas and the blast pass up and down re peatedly.
In the other phase the cold blast, forced in at A, passes four times up and down, as shown by the unbroken arrows, and escapes as hot blast at B.
II) differs from the Whitwell (I) in having not a series of flat smooth walls, but a great number of narrow vertical flues, E, for the alternate absorption and emission of the heat, with the consequence that, for given outside dimensions, it offers about one-half more heating surface than the true Whitwell stove; and (2) in that the gas and the blast pass only once up and once down through it, instead of twice up and twice down as in the modern true Whitwell stoves.
In order to utilize this power, the converting mill, in which the pig iron is converted into steel, and the rolling mills must adjoin t h e blast - furnace.
When " on wind," the cold blast is forced in at A, and passes four times up and down, as shown by means of unbroken arrows, escaping as hot-blast at B.
(After J.Kennedy.)Broken arrows show the path of the gas and air while the stove is " on gas," and solid arrows that of the blast while it is " on wind."
D, Cold blast main.
In this process molten pig iron with much silicon but little sulphur has its silicon oxidized to silica and thus slagged off, by means of a blast of air playing on the iron through a blanket of burning coke which covers it.
The coke thus at once supplies by its combustion the heat needed for melting the iron and keeping it hot, and by itself dissolving in the molten metal returns carbon to it as fast as this element is burnt out by the blast, so that the " refined " cast iron which results, though still rich in carbon and therefore easy to melt in the puddling process, has relatively little silicon.
16) in which this wonderful process is carried out is a huge retort, lined with clay, dolomite or other refractory material, hung aloft and turned on trunnions, DD, through the right-hand one of which the blast is carried to the gooseneck E, which in turn delivers it to the tuyeres Q at the bottom.
16, so that the blast, which has been let on just before this, entering through the great number of tuyere holes in the bottom, forces its way up through the relatively shallow layer of iron, throwing it up within the converter as a boiling foam, and oxidizing the foreign elements so rapidly that in some cases their removal is complete after 5 minutes.
The oxygen of the blast having been thus taken up by the molten metal, its nitrogen issues from the mouth of the converter as a pale spark-bearing cone.
In making very low-carbon steel this recarburizing proper is not needed; but in any event a considerable quantity of manganese must be added unless the pig iron initially contains much of that metal, in order to remove from the molten steel the oxygen which it has absorbed from the; blast, lest this make it redshort.
Mushet's aid was certainly valuable, but not more than Goransson's, who, besides thus offering a preventive of redshortness, further helped the process on by raising its temperature by the simple expedient of further subdividing the blast, thus increasing the surface of contact between blast and metal, and thus in turn hastening the oxidation.
Indeed, no limit has yet been found to the temperature which can be reached, if matters are so arranged that not only the carbon and silicon of the pig iron, but also a considerable part of the metallic iron which is the iron itself, are oxidized by the blast; or if, as in the Walrand-Legenisel modification, after the combustion of the initial carbon and silicon of the pig iron has already raised the charge to a very high temperature, a still further rise of temperature is brought about by adding more silicon in the form of ferro-silicon, and oxidizing it by further blowing.
The charge may be melted down on the " open hearth " itself, or, as in the more advanced practice, the pig iron may be brought in the molten state from the blast furnace in which it is made.
The advantage of this combination is that, by simplifying the conditions with which the composition of the pig iron has to comply, it makes the management of the blast furnace easier, and thus lessens the danger of making " misfit " pig iron, i.e.
For the acid Bessemer process the sulphur-content must be small and the silicon-content should be constant; for the basic openhearth process the content of both silicon and sulphur should be small, a thing difficult to bring about, because in the blast furnace most of the conditions which make for small sulphur-content make also for large silicon-content.
Hence the blast furnace process, thus freed from the hampering need of controlling accurately the silicon-content, can be much more effectively guided so as to prevent the sulphur from entering the pig iron.
It is by forming calcium sulphide that sulphur is removed in the manufacture of pig iron in the iron blast furnace, in the crucible of which, as in the electric furnaces, the conditions are strongly deoxidizing But in the Bessemer and open-hearth processes this means of removing sulphur cannot be used, because in each of them there is always enough oxygen in the atmosphere to re-oxidize any calcium as fast as it is deoxidized.
But tranquillity is clearly imp ssib'e in the Bessemer converter, in which the metal can be kept hot only by being torn into a spray by the blast.
In a very few places the molten cast iron as it issues from the blast furnace is cast directly in these moulds, but in general it is allowed to solidify in pigs, and then remelted either in cupola furnaces or in air furnaces.
26) is a shaft much like a miniature blast furnace, filled from top to bottom by a column of lumps of coke and of iron.
The blast of air forced in through the tuyeres near the bottom of the furnace burns the coke there, and the intense heat thus caused melts away the surrounding iron, so that this column of coke and iron gradually descends; but it is kept at its full height by feeding more coke and iron at its top, until all the iron needed for the day's work has thus been charged.
- Cast iron naturally has a high carbon-content, usually between 3 and 4%, because while molten it absorbs carbon greedily from the coke with which it is in contact in the iron blast furnace in which it is made, and in the cupola furnace in which it is remelted for making most castings.
Huge blast furnaces are in constant activity, and the output of rolled iron and steel is constantly increasing.
These regions present magnificent examples of dry erosion by wind-borne sand, which acts as a powerful sand blast etching away the rocks and producing most beautiful sculpturing.
The rate of denudation in exposed positions is exceedingly rapid; while spots sheltered from the sand blast suffer a minimum of erosion, as shown by the preservation of ancient inscriptions.
21 f., IIb-13, the statement that Yahweh came down on the third day, and that a long blast was blown on the trumpet (or ram's horn [5n', as opposed to lie E]).
At the present time, finely powdered coal injected by a blast of air is almost universally employed, petroleum being used only where it is actually cheaper than coal.
Rotatory kilns of various other makes are now in use, but the same principles are embodied, namely, the employment of a rotating inclined cylinder for burning the raw materials, a burner fed with powdered coal and a blast of air, and some device such as a cooling cylinder or cooling tower by which the clinker may be cooled and the air correspondingly heated on its way to the burner.
Another method of making Portland cement which has been proposed and tried with some success consists in fusing the raw materials together in an apparatus of the type of a blast furnace.
It is made by granulating blast furnace slag of suitable composition and finely grinding the product, either alone or with an admixture of about To% of Portland cement clinker.
In 1840 this had grown to 241,000 tons, in 1845 to 475, 000 tons and in 1865 to 1,164,000 tons, almost the height of its prosperity, for in 1905 the product of 101 blast furnaces only amounted to 1,375,125 tons, and in the interval there were years when the output was below one million tons.
In 1901 the number of persons engaged in working of the raw material was 23,263, of whom 8258 were employed in steel smelting and founding, 7781 at blast furnaces in the manufacture of pig-iron, and 7224 at puddling furnaces and rolling mills.
The process adopted for the Canadian ores, which are poor in copper and nickel, consists in a preliminary roasting in heaps and smelting in a blast furnace in order to obtain a matte, which is then further smelted with a siliceous flux for a rich matte.
It will heal or blast, according as it is handled with or without due circumspection.
The matte is treated either in reverberatory furnaces (English process), in blast furnaces (German process), or in converters (Bessemer process).
The " American process " or " Pyritic smelting " consists in the direct smelting of raw ores to matte in blast furnaces.
They are round stacks, designed on the model of iron blast furnaces, 29 ft.
high, fed mechanically, and provided with stoves to heat the blast by the furnace gases.
Blast furnaces of large size, built of brick, have been constructed for treating the richest and more silicious ores of Rio Tinto, and the Rio Tinto Company has introduced converters at the mine.
The other items of cost are labour, the quantity of which depends on the mechanical appliances provided for handling the converter shells and inserting the lining; and the blast, which in barrel-shaped converters is low and in vertical converters is high, and which varies therefore from 3 to is lb to the square inch.
The slag is then poured and skimmed, the blast turned on and converter retilted.
When, however, a hot blast is used on highly sulphuretted copper ores, a concentration of 8 of ore into i of matte is obtained, with a consumption of less than one-third the fuel which would be consumed in smelting the charge had the ore been previously calcined.
Two types of pyritic smelting may be distinguished: one, in which the operation is solely sustained by the combustion of the sulphur in the ores, without the assistance of fuel or a hot blast; the other in which the operation is accelerated by fuel, or a hot blast, or both.
There the blast is raised from 600° to 700° F.
It is smelted raw with hot blast in cupola furnaces, the largest being 2 10 in.
The iron ore raised in the various countries, and in the most productive counties, is here shown: The number of furnaces in blast (fractions showing the proportion of the year furnaces were in blast) was: in England 298162, Wales 19,; Scotland 852, total 403 i '.
In 1905 furnaces in blast numbered: England 244, Wales 13, Scotland 87A z; total 345A z; and those existing: in England 412, Wales 31, Scotland tor; total 544; and the percentage unused was thus 36.
- The First Blast of the Trumpet against the Monstrous Regiment of Women (1558).
The values of the other leading manufactures in 1905 were as follows: products of foundry and machine shops, $49,425,385; iron and steel 2 (including products of blast furnaces and rolling mills), $23,667,483; wire (exclusive of copper wire), $11,103,959; petroleum refining, $46,608,984; tanned, curried and finished leather, $21,495,329 (5th in the United States in 1900 and 1905); malt liquors, $ 1 7,44 6, 447; slaughter-house products and packed meats, $17,238,076; electrical machinery, supplies and apparatus, $13,803,476 (5th in the United States in 1900 and in 1905); chemicals, $13,023,629; rubber belting and hose, $9,915,742; jewelry, $9,303,646 (4th in the United States in 1900 and in 1905); tobacco, cigars and cigarettes, $8,331,611.
He pleaded for the despised Dutch Anabaptists, and remonstrated with John Knox on the rancour of his First Blast of the Trumpet.
A small safety-valve placed in the steam pipe had been adjusted so as to blow off slightly at 310 lb and with a strong blast at 320 lb.
in., and the safetyvalve was blowing off a steady blast.
The inhabitants are employed chiefly in the iron mines, at forges and blast furnaces, and in charcoal burning and the manufacture of blacking from firewood.
77), and at the siege of Delium (424 B.C.) a cauldron containing pitch, sulphur and burning charcoal, was placed against the walls and urged into flame by the aid of a bellows, the blast from which was conveyed through a hollow tree-trunk (Thuc. iv.
The district abounds in blast furnaces.
He was the creature of every passing mood or whim, incapable of cool and steady judgment or of the slightest self-control - an incalculable weathercock, blindly obsequious to every blast of passion.
It is a high grade block, or " splint " coal, remarkably free from sulphur and rich in carbon, peculiarly adapted to blast furnace use.
- A suture, and hanging down into the thecal cavity as Eu blast o i d, respiratory organs (hydrospires).
Coke or anthracite is heated to incandescence by an air blast in a generator lined with fire-brick, and the heated products of combustion as they leave the generator and enter the superheaters are supplied with more air, which causes the combustion of carbon monoxide present in the producer gas and heats up the fire-brick baffles with which the superheater is filled.
This is done, without interfering with the blast, in order to keep the fuel at the proper level in L, according to the indications of the burning zone, as shown through the peep-holes B 1 to B4.
G is the pipe through which the blowing-up gas (Siemens gas) is carried away, either into the open air (where it is at once burned) or into a pre-heater for the blast, or into some place where it can be utilized as fuel.
Ironstone is worked at several places and there are some blast furnaces.
These he carried on for two years before he evolved the essential idea of his proc.:ss, which is the decarbonization of cast iron by forcing a blast of air through the mass of metal when in the molten condition.
A recent application is in the cooling and drying of the air blast for blast furnaces.
The capital invested in blast furnaces in 1905 was $5,939,7 8 3, they employed 1486 persons, and the value of their products was $3,428,049.
(a) No blast = kilns.
(a) With blast =- furnaces.
The blast furnace in its simplest form is among the oldest, if not the oldest, of metallurgical contrivances.
These, when reduced to their most simple expression, are mere basin-shaped hollows in the ground, containing ignited charcoal and the substances to be heated, the fire being urged by a blast of air blown in through one or more nozzles from a bellows at or near the top. They are essentially the same as the smith's forge.
This principle is capable of very wide extension, the blast furnace being mainly limited in height by the strength the column of materials or "burden" has to resist crushing, under the weight due to the head adopted, and the power of the blowing engine to supply blast of sufficient density to overcome the resistance of the closely packed materials to the free passage of the spent gases.
The development of blast furnaces is practically the development of iron-smelting.
Blast furnaces are, from the intimate contact between the burden to be smelted and the fuel, the least wasteful of heat; but their use supposes the possibility of obtaining fuel of good quality and free from sulphur or other substances likely to deteriorate the metal produced.
Such furnaces are known by the general name of reverberatory or reverbatory furnaces, also as air or wind furnaces, to distinguish them from those worked with compressed air or blast.
Originally the term cupola was used for the reverberatory furnace, but in the course of time it has changed its meaning, and is now given to a small blast furnace such as that used by iron-founders - reverberatory smelting furnaces in the same trade being called air furnaces.
In some processes of lead-smelting, where the minerals treated contain sand, the long calciner is provided with a melting bottom close to the fire-place, so that the desulphurized ore leaves the furnace as a glassy slag or silicate, which is subsequently reduced to the metallic state by fusion with fluxes in blast furnaces.
The former are used principally as casing, walls, pillars or other supporting parts of the structure, and includes ordinary red or yellow bricks, clay-slate, granite and most building stones; the latter are reserved for the parts immediately in contact with the fuel and flame, such as the lining of the fire-place, the arches, roof and flues, the lower part if not the whole of the chimney lining in reverberatory furnaces, and the whole of the internal walls of blast furnaces.
Among the chief localities are the neighbourhood of Stourbridge in Worcestershire and Stannington near Sheffield, which supply most of the materials for crucibles used in steel and brass melting, and the pots for glass houses; Newcastle-on-Tyne and Glenboig near Glasgow, where heavy blast furnace and other firebricks, gas retorts, &c., are made in large quantities.
Puddling furnaces are usually entirely cased with iron plates, and blast furnaces with hoops round each course of the stack, or in those of thinner constructions the firebrick work is entirely enclosed in a wrought iron casing or jacket.
Such parts as may be subjected to extreme heat and the fretting action of molten material, as the tuyere and slag breasts of blast furnaces, and the fire bridges and bed plates of reverberatory furnaces, are often made in cast iron with double walls, a current of water or air being kept circulating through the intermediate space.
In reverberatory and air furnaces used in the different operations of iron manufacture, where an extremely high temperature has to be maintained in spaces of comparatively small extent, such as the beds of puddling, welding and steel-melting furnaces, the temperature of the exhaust gases is exceedingly high, and if allowed to pass directly into the chimney they appear as a great body of flame at the top. It is now general to save a portion of this heat by passing the flame through flues of steam boilers, air-heating apparatus, or both - so that the steam required for the necessary operations of the forge and heated blast for the furnace itself may be obtained without further expenditure of fuel.
1 2 a In iron-smelting blast furnaces the waste gases are of considerable fuel value, and may render important services if properly applied.
Small air-furnaces with hot plates or sand bath flues were formerly much employed in chemical laboratories, as well as small blast furnaces for crucibles heated with charcoal or coke.
Sefstrom's blast furnace, used in Sweden for the assay of iron ores, is a convenient form of portable furnace applied to melting in crucibles.
The space between the two cylinders serves as a heater and distributor for the blast, which is introduced through the nozzle at the bottom, and enters the furnace through a series of several small tuyeres arranged round the inner lining.
Deville's portable blast furnace is very similar in principle to the above, but the body of the furnace is formed of a single cast iron cylinder lined with fireclay, closed below by a cast iron plate perforated by a ring of small holes - a hemispherical basin below forming the air-heating chamber.
The White God's power pulsed around him, and he looked ready to blast the vamp before him.
Dean could only guess how painful so strong a blast directed at your bodyâ€”and sometimes headâ€”must feel.
With all the available options for you in Chicago, your dream wedding will be a blast.
BLAST looks for locally optimal alignments between the two sequences whose scores cannot be improved either by extending or trimming.
BLAST can produce gapped alignments for the matches it finds.
Now they're back with another dancefloor anthem in the making entitled ' Blast The Speakers ' .
I'm guessing it's the launch site, because earth berms for blast protection were located at the southeastern part of the site.
Seeing 1,000 mountain bikers from all over, having a blast on our trails is superb.
blast on a klaxon horn, sounded from the bank.
Come as an icy blast against the destructive heat of our enmity: extinguish our hostility.
At length, Sir Guy made his choice, grabbed the hunting-horn and blew a loud blast.
The R12 building was huge and the thick steel reinforced concrete walls were designed to withstand nuclear blast.
blast ripped through the factory leaving a huge crater in its wake.
blast furnace about half a mile from the village.
blast furnace slag (GGBS ).
blast radii from Bazooka to HHG standard.
blast pipe cap in cleaned up state.
blast door the corridor turns left into the control room which is in the center of the bunker.
Where the bomb blast hit at its peak, massive damage was done.
A trumpet blast against the monstrous regiment of fathers!
I slide off my seat looking out the port and the muzzle blast blows my hair back.
Detailed description of infection process exhibited by the rice blast pathogen.
The ground beneath men's feet shook with each repeated cannon blast, the Highlanders began to fall in their hundreds.
blast furnace of an ironworks at Leeds he reported that " the intensity of the fire was peculiarly impressive.
blast furnace built in about 1804 at Moira Moira is a former mining village in North West Leicestershire.
Carnforth Haematite Iron Company had four blast furnaces at work in 1870.
When God punishes he does so as a craftsman who uses a blast furnace to refine the metal he is working with.
visiting the blast furnace of an ironworks at Leeds he reported that " the intensity of the fire was peculiarly impressive.
The new discovery of iron ore on their doorstep prompted them to build Teesside's first blast furnace in 1851.
The new blast furnaces were technically superior and increased productivity.
James Beaumont Neilson Open Each hot blast furnace gave work to 400 men.
Lewis, John H. The charcoal-fired blast furnaces of Scotland: a review.
early blast furnaces were tiny, maybe a dozen feet high, but modern ones have grown and grown to hundreds of feet.
The Lowther HÃ¦matite Iron and Steel Works are in close proximity to the Lonsdale Dock, and consist of three large modern blast furnaces.
blast furnace slag is used to make glass and cement.
blast furnace gas, which is currently being burned away.
blast furnace process or an electric arc process.
blast furnace site in Canaston Wood, near Blackpool Mill, Pembrokeshire.
blast furnace technology that produces cast iron was introduced into Britain probably earlier than the accepted date of 1496.
This is another windowless rectangular blockhouse with a blast protected entrance.
Gaza 1 6 Hamas suspected in elevator blast that kills a bodyguard.
The force of the blast bursts the trunk apart, often leaving a hollow bole and gnarled and withered trunks.
Blast the pirates with a full broadside from your cannons to earn extra points, or lure them onto the reefs to destroy them.
Slash your enemies with the good old broadsword, or blast your way through with the deadly rocket launcher - the choices are yours.
cannon blast, the Highlanders began to fall in their hundreds.
Companies from within the Aga stable will supply specialist equipment such as blast chillers from Williams, Groen high-production kettles and mixers from Mono.
Sitting by the roadside is a scantily clad woman who with maternal care shelters her child from the biting blast.
We have... Brick Blast a decent breakout clone, ANOTHER new section!
advanced cogeneration is the re-routing of blast furnace gas or coke oven gas from the alternative energy boilers through industrial gas turbines.
continuity Ira, which eventually admitted the blast, regarded itself after all as the 'true ' IRA.
The horrific blast left a huge crater in the main Belfast to Dublin road.
Also in 1959 a new hot blast cupola was received from a Belgian firm.
Now let me see. [sings to himself] la Dee, la dah, dah dee... Blast!
May sound dated Can't save individual presets Needs 2Gb HD space Native Instruments ' Elektrik Piano is a blast from the past.
richly decorated living quarters were arranged along a series of L-shaped bends, each protected by three angled blast doors.
This blast will be three electronic detonators each feeding ten detonating chord runs, don't want to get too complicated with the wiring!
Other beliefs withered in the blast of official disapproval.
dream wedding will be a blast.
dynamite fishing where fishermen literally blast fish out of the water.
Electromagnetic waves of that blast reached planet earth on March 19th.
He sees a bomb blast as it kills the enemy.
epoxy coated because the sand that is used to blast them gets in the tank.
The coke (essentially impure carbon) burns in the blast of hot air to form carbon dioxide - a strongly exothermic reaction.
Just after eight a particularly ferocious blast rips the tent apart.
After each fully built pallet has been taken away by forklift truck to the blast freezer, the robot has a yet another duty.
The pit was situated near the blast furnace about half a mile from the village.
glutinous varieties, although highly valued, were planted in small amounts due to their low yields and vulnerability to rice blast.
Fig 12 The blast sequence display for protein blast hits has a third glyph for the similarities between the amino acids shown in white.
granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS ).
Directly beyond this blast door is a security turnstile and small guardroom to control access to the airlock.
hatchery waste chicks should be humanely killed, then immediately laid out on shelves and blast frozen, prior to packing.
The air is a thick haze of supersonic grit, the fire is burning in the wind like a blast furnace.
heaters on full blast.
icy blast on the way to the tour bus then the snow on the way to Minot.
injured in the blast.
Steel Most of the molten iron from a Blast Furnace is used to make one of a number of types of steel.
iron oxide formed was returned to the blast furnace.
Blast resistant glass: laminated glass Laminated glass offers a higher level of protection than toughened glass.
leaning at crazy angles away from the blast.
Finally, a short blast of canned air to remove any vestiges of cotton lint from the swabs.
liters of blood as you blast through hordes of lurking, vicious enemies.
High speed explosive motorboats were to blast breaches in the protective booms and nets allowing two SLCs to penetrate the harbor.
munitions entrance has been modified in a similar way with a large steel blast door allowing vehicles to drive into the block.
muzzle blast blows my hair back.
The hood went cleanly and the air blast swept in, sucking his maps and other loose oddments out of the cockpit.
You can cast sleep, slow and blast spells, teleport up and down or apply healing ointments to your inevitably numerous wounds.
In common parlance, a ' blast from the past ' .
A blast of sheer physicality that leaves you wanting more.
pike baits blast frozen and vacuum packed by specialist companies.
The spiral ramp to allow vehicle access to all three levels of the complex the blast door is behind the photographer.
It provides for blast searches of both published and unpublished sequences of G protein-coupled receptors.
My pan fried red snapper with tomato, olive, onion and thyme confit at Stg 11.25 was another blast of the Mediterranean.
reheat furnaces are used to heat up slabs of steel produced by the blast furnace process or an electric arc process.
The hypothesis for the reduced severity of blast attack is fairly clear for the disease-susceptible glutinous rice.
rocketry workshops - presented by Blast Off 4 Britain.
Roberto Carlos (Brazil) Ronaldinho's countryman favors power over finesse, taking 20-yard run-ups to blast the ball as hard as possible.
sealer coat is normally required and steel again should be blast cleaned and primed with a zinc phosphate primer in most cases.
The giant blast wave hurled two of the German gunners from their towers, and they lay senseless on the crown of the dam.
sequence homology using a customized BLAST search.
The blast, felt up to 30 miles away, sent shards of glass flying over six blocks.
Page 13 1 [A bunch of crystal shards appears in Housenki's mouth.] FX shards flash 2 [The shards blast out.
shotgun blast of a debut from Clive Barker.
The blast ripped into the sides of buildings turning windows into blizzards of deadly shrapnel.
Even the cement was produced using powdered ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS ).
Indeed some blast furnace slag is used to make glass and cement.
slippy rocks in the gale but what a blast the descent was.
Not too sour - more a hint than a blast!
The blast was attributed to an unusual build-up of stomach gases ignited by the sparks.
steeple of the parish church the flames of no fewer than fifty blast furnaces may be seen.
supernova blast wave.
The puppets allege that there have been no victims among invaders and local traitors in the blast.
trumpet blast, burning the Witch of Orleans.
unsaddlehe unsaddling enclosure is a bronze of the legendary Blast of Storm.
A blast of warm air can makes the resin less viscous an easier to apply.
A fellow Australian journalist, Eric Campbell, suffered minor shrapnel wounds in the blast.
It is situated on the right bank of the Ostrawitza, near its confluence with the Oder, and it derives its importance from the neighbouring coal mines, and the blast furnaces and iron-works which they have called into existence.
True it is that there were not wanting other men in these islands whose common sense refused to accept the metaphorical doctrine and the mystical jargon of the Quinarians, but so strenuously and persistently had the Laster asserted their infallibility, and so vigorously had they assailed any who ventured to doubt it, that most peaceable ornithologists found it best to bend to the furious blast, and in some sort to acquiesce at least in the phraseology of the self-styled interpreters of Creative Will.
Full closes and repeated sentences no longer confuse the issue, but in their absence we begin to notice the incessant squareness of the ostensibly free rhythms. The immense amount of pageantry, though (as in Tannhauser) good in dramatic motive and executed with splendid stage-craft, goes far to stultify Wagner's already vigorous attitude of protest against grand-opera methods; by way of preparation for the ethereally poetic end he gives us a disinfected present from Meyerbeer at the beginning of the last scene, where mounted trumpeters career round the stage in full blast for three long minutes; and the prelude to the third act is an outburst of sheer gratuitous vulgarity.
Murray was cited to attend the "raid" or array levied by the king and queen, and was duly denounced by public blast of trumpet for his non-appearance.
But these " iron pipe stoves " are fast going out of use, chiefly because they are destroyed quickly if an attempt is made to heat the blast above r000Ã‚° F.
With these the regular temperature of the blast at some works is about 1400Ã‚° F.
(760Ã‚°C.), and the usual blast temperature lies between 900Ã‚° and 1200Ã‚° F.
If any individual blow proves to be too hot, it may be cooled by throwing cold " scrap " steel such as the waste ends of rails and other pieces, into the converter, or by injecting with the blast a little steam, which is decomposed by the iron by the endothermic reaction H20+Fe=2H+Fe0.
If the temperature is not high enough, it is raised by managing the blast in such a way as to oxidize some of the iron itself permanently, and thus to generate much heat.
- Though the electric processes which have been proposed for extracting the iron from iron ore, with the purpose of displacing the iron blast furnace, have not become important enough to deserve description here, yet it should be possible to devise one which would be useful in a place (if there is one) which has an abundance of water power and iron ore and a local demand for iron, but has not coke, charcoal or bituminous coal suitable for the blast furnace.
There the blast is raised from 600Ã‚° to 700Ã‚° F.
The surfaces of the cylinders are roughened with a sand blast to increase the areas and make the deposited metals adhere more firmly.
When the necessary temperature of the fuel and superheater has been reached, the air blast is cut off, and steam is blown through the generator, forming water gas, which meets the enriching oil at the top of the first superheater, called the carburettor, and carries the vapours with it through the main superheaters, where the fixing of the hydrocarbons takes place.
The proximity of coalfields and iron mines has made Chattanooga an iron manufacturing place of importance, its plants including car shops, blast furnaces, foundries, agricultural implement and machinery works, and stove factories; the city has had an important part in the development of the iron and steel industries in this part of the South.
What sounded like a gunshot blast rending the night air.
Rocketry workshops - presented by Blast Off 4 Britain.
Roberto Carlos (Brazil) Ronaldinho 's countryman favors power over finesse, taking 20-yard run-ups to blast the ball as hard as possible.
A sealer coat is normally required and steel again should be blast cleaned and primed with a zinc phosphate primer in most cases.
Alternatively a gene can be selected by chromosomal location or by sequence homology using a customized BLAST search.
Page 13 1 [A bunch of crystal shards appears in Housenki 's mouth.] fx shards flash 2 [The shards blast out.
This is a shotgun blast of a debut from Clive Barker.
Turning at the top was tricky on the slippy rocks in the gale but what a blast the descent was.
The invention of huge blast furnaces, capable of smelting iron, was the first step toward making of the new weapons of war.
Not too sour - more a hint than a blast !
From the steeple of the parish church the flames of no fewer than fifty blast furnaces may be seen.
As the blast came from the Sun so too did thousands of millions of tons of superheated gas.
These leftovers from the star 's old age have been subsequently run over and lit up by the supernova blast wave.
Beaufort 's brazen trumpet blast, burning the Witch of Orleans.
Near the unsaddling enclosure is a bronze of the legendary Blast of Storm.
He pointed his nostrils to the sky and gave vent to a mighty blast of white-hot fire.
Mr Blast gives us a tough, tough tune, unsurprisingly written by Sam Dees, that he wrings every ounce of emotion from.
So the adventurous side of you has come roaring out-you've decided that you're going to get in shape and have a blast all at the same time by purchasing a mountain biking.
Indeed, many an injury will accompany this feet first fall, and so before you take out the garden hose to blast your cat out of a tree, it's important to remember that you may be paying some hefty vet bills before the day is out.
Jimmy Jimmy Coco Blast is a sunless tanner for those who can't get to a Jimmy Coco spray tan salon.
It was a pleasant surprise to find that Lash Blast was packaged in a bulbous, bright orange tube.
It is part of CoverGirl's blast collection mascaras, which are sold at department stores and pharmacies in the beauty aisle.
Cover Girl Lash Blast Length mascara is a drugstore favorite because it features a formula with nylon and a rubber bristle brush to help lashes look up to 80 percent longer, according to the company.
Listen to Music: When life seems like it's out of control, grab your earphones and blast the music.
Not only can redecorating be a blast but it can be one of the most practical things a teen does for their well being.
Mamas Health includes such yummy recipes as Chocolate Blast, Lemon Vanilla, and Berry shakes.
Western decorating is all about having a good time, and with all the options available, you're sure to have a blast choosing your next shower curtain.
Retro decorating is hotter than ever and this type of towel will help give your bathroom a blast from the past.
Units in this course include an introduction and course overview, threat and hazard assessment, risk management, explosive blast, layout design guidance, electronic security systems and building design guidance.
Teens will have a blast on the signature rock wall, in-line skating track, miniature golf, internet café, basketball court, pools, and music clubs.
To my delight, my horse was up and as sound as could be after being treated for a week, and we were off and having a blast at the horse show.
They love to be bathed so they just stand, and I love it because we have a blast.
Aphid infestations can be sprayed off with a strong blast of water from the hose.
Delta Monitor puts an end to an icy blast of cold water when a washing machine is turned on or being scalded whenever a toilet is flushed.
So for a dazzling tile display in any room of the home get a blast from glass!
Simply aim the heat gun at the floor and blast a tile with hot air.
This will avoid a blast of paint hitting the wall.
Airblaster aims to do that just that - blast air.
Often just a blast of the water hose will knock pests to the ground where they will be eaten by predators.
Then, get out on the court and have a blast!
Splash Blast Lagoon: This is a smaller scale slide suitable for the youngest members of the family and includes a larger pool area for aquatic fun.
Even the littlest rocker will have a blast there.
Kids will also have a blast in the hotel's outdoor playground and indoor arcade while adults can burn off some of their sweet indulgences at The Suites' fitness center.
Gator's Gush, Barracuda Blast and Pelican Plunge: The three 40-foot body and raft water slides offer wet and wild fun for older kids and adults.
Metal Slug Anthology: You gain access to several classic titles on a single disc, allowing you to blast through a huge number of stages with cartoon heroes.
Thanks to rendered graphics, Sonic Blast looks far more impressive than many other 8-bit games on both Sega's handheld and home system.
One of the final 8-bit Sonic titles to be released by Sega, Blast featured the blue blur and Knuckles as playable characters as they battled to collect 5 Chaos Emeralds.
Despite the similarity in name with Sonic 3D Blast, the two titles have next to nothing in common.
And with Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection, you'll have a blast visiting your friends' towns and writing letters back and forth.
The child gamer in your life will surely have a blast, no pun intended, with these titles.
And all I could do was forget my sniping and just go full blast outside in hopes of stopping them.
Using the Wii Remote in an innovative way, this game lets you blast and capture the bad guys, just like from the movie.
Playing with a couple people in your own home is not where it's at with this one; instead, they geared it towards online play that can actually be a blast if you manage to overcome the janky control setup they rigged you with.
Of course, it's a blast to play football games with your friends.
Sega proclaimed that its system did what "Nintendon't" via a feature called "Blast Processing."
Fortunately, there are ways to push groups of enemies back, like the Mana Blast that knocks them back and stuns (or kills) those in a specific range.
Other combo abilities are available later in the game that will give you stronger attacks or combine some kind of energy blast along to enhance your slashing or hacking blows.
Once the grenade is within a decent blast radius of the opponent, its ribcage light then turns red and blasts them with a blinding white light that sends the opponent falling down rag doll physics style.
No matter what, it leaves the player who dropped it unharmed by its blast.
This is a little red dragon has the ability to blast fire in various different ways.
If you have some friends, you will without a doubt have a blast in multiplayer mode.
Playing Metroid Prime 2: Echoes was actually a blast, and they did add some challenging aspects to the play of it by having you switch between the light and dark versions of an alternate world.
This adds a great deal of personalization to games that are already a blast to play on their own.
Put the pedal to the metal, hit the NOS button, and blast past your competition with the fastest car on the road.
Play all the classic Sega Genesis Sonic games including: Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic the Hedgehog 2, Sonic 3, Sonic & Knuckles, Sonic 3D Blast and Sonic Spinball.
The Quake franchise is back in its fourth incarnation -- Quake 4 -- sending you back in, wielding some wicked guns to blast away those not-so-pretty strogg.
Other than the Donkey Kong series and Killer Instinct, Rare created Blast Corps, Diddy Kong Racing, Banjo-Kazooie, Jet Force Gemini, It's Mr. Pants, Perfect Dark, Star Fox Adventures and the highly-acclaimed Conker's Bad Fur Day.