A sharp-pointed planting stick, a wooden shovel, and a bronze-bladed hoe called a coati were the simple implements.
They use a stabbing spear, small throwing spears, and a broad-bladed short sword.
The labourers being barefooted, a spade is useless, so a "khodalee" or hoe (much like a very heavy and long-bladed garden Dutch hoe) is used.
The weapons are the spat ha, or double-bladed German sword, the sax (a short sword, or long knife, semispathium), the knife, shield, and the favorite German axe, though this latter is not found in Bavaria.
These were in appearance like two-bladed marine propellers except that they were square instead of rounded at the ends, and were broad and thin.
Buffalo and bunch, and other short native prairie grasses, very nutritious ranging food but unavailable as hay, once covered the plains and pastured immense herds of buffalo and other animals, but with increasing settlement they have given way generally to exotic bladed species, valuable alike for pasture and for hay, except in the western regions.