Bladder sentence example

bladder
  • He took the bladder with a frown.

    34
    15
  • The bladder of water from the Springs was lost in the fight with Memon's men.

    14
    8
  • To the left of the gall bladder is the quadrate lobe, which is in contact with the pylorus of the stomach.

    5
    2
  • Evelyn leaned to whisper to Romas, whose response was a tad too long for Kiera's impatient bladder.

    2
    0
  • You're ticked off; your bladder's full, so you drive in anyway.

    2
    0
    Advertisement
  • She trades a bladder of the Springs to the northern clans to assure their allegiance.

    7
    5
  • She positioned the bladder on the floor below her wrist and sighed.

    11
    9
  • The bladder was full.

    10
    8
  • Fatigued, she carefully sealed it and returned all but the bladder to the hiding spot behind the trunks.

    5
    3
  • She filled the bladder with wine, sealed it, and shook it to mix the contents.

    15
    13
    Advertisement
  • She withdrew a bladder and handed it to him.

    6
    4
  • Cystitis is inflammation of the urinary bladder.

    2
    0
  • Never underestimate the espionage technique of the tiny bladder.

    2
    0
  • He shoved the bladder away and slapped the rump of her horse.

    4
    3
  • I lost Oceanan's bladder of magic Spring waters when we were attacked.

    6
    5
    Advertisement
  • It would take hours to fill a single bladder to trade to the northerners for their support.

    5
    4
  • Rissa hurried back to the second bedchamber and withdrew an empty bladder from a crate.

    4
    3
  • At last his eyes fell to the bladder in his hands.

    4
    3
  • Vara's eyes lingered on the bladder.

    1
    0
  • Taran handed him the bladder.

    1
    0
    Advertisement
  • True hypertrophy is commonly found in the hollow muscular organs such as the heart, bladder and alimentary canal.

    4
    3
  • In Egypt 30% of the natives are affected by haematuria which arises from congestion of the bladder consequent upon the attacks of this animal.

    6
    5
  • They are transparent leaf-like organisms and may often be found attached to the skin, mouth, nostrils or gills of fish; on the skin and bladder of Amphibia; and on those of certain Reptilia.

    5
    4
  • The products of the decay of the organisms thus A, Bladder of Utricularia neglecta (after Darwin), enlarged.

    4
    3
  • A pair of coiled nephridial tubes (n) formed of a file of perforated `' drain-pipe "cells, with ciliated tag-like" flame "cells (f), open into a contractile bladder (bl), FIG.

    3
    2
    Advertisement
  • The male organs are usually a testis, a large seminal bladder and a protrusible penis.

    5
    4
  • Asplanchnopus myrmeleo, showing horseshoe-shaped germarium (left), blind saccate stomach (right), apical bladder, foot, &c.; g, Asplanchna ebbesbornii - the coiled tube at left is a kidney; h, i, incudate jaws of Asplanchna brightwellii and girodii chiefly formed of rami, with the rudimentary mallei parallel and external to them; j, Ascomorpha hyalina.

    4
    3
  • Next comes the gall bladder, a pear-shaped bag, the fundus of which is in front and below, the neck behind and above.

    4
    3
  • The right and left hepatic ducts, while still in the transverse fissure, unite into a single duct which joins the cystic duct from the gall bladder at an acute angle.

    5
    4
  • The excretory system is highly developed and opens at the posterior extremity by a paired muscular bladder.

    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • Occasionally the fluke migrates into the blood vessels and may reach the lungs, kidneys, urethra and bladder.

    0
    0
  • The extraing to foot of rotifers; at, median blastoporic opening of antenna, united by a nerve to br, brain the cloaca leads us to a (letter omitted in B); bl, bladder, re ver y different view, which ceiving ramified kidney in B, C, D; finds negative support f, foot, and f.g, its cement-gland;.

    0
    0
  • The lower (caudal) part of the furrow-like outgrowth remains hollow and forms the gall bladder.

    0
    0
  • In tracing the lobulation of man's liver back to this generalized type, it is evident at once that his quadrate lobe does not correspond to any one generalized lobe, but is merely that part of the right central which lies between the gall bladder and the umbilical fissure.

    0
    0
  • The uterus or womb is a pear-shaped, very thick-walled, muscular bag, lying in the pelvis between the bladder and rectum.

    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • Posterior superior iliac spine Ureter Great sciatic notch Vas deferens; Spine of ischium Vas deferens Seminal vesicle Bladder wall Levator ani Prostate 9, ?

    0
    0
  • The convolutions are held together by the pelvic cellular tissue, and by involuntary muscle continuous with that of the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The prostate is partly a muscular and partly a glandular structure, situated just below the bladder and traversed by the urethra; it is of a somewhat conical form with the base upward in contact with the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The male urethra begins at the bladder and runs through the prostate and perineum to the penis, which it traverses as far as the tip. It is divided into a prostatic, membranous and spongy part, and is altogether about 8 inches in length.

    0
    0
  • It derives its scientific name from a curious beak-like appendage at the end of the stigma, in the centre of the flower; this appendage though solid was supposed to be hollow (hence the name from 46a, a bladder, and stigma).

    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • It has been recommended in cases of chronic constipation, and of want of tone in the muscular wall of the urinary bladder.

    0
    0
  • Borax taken internally is of some value in irritability of the bladder, but as a urinary antiseptic it is now surpassed by several recently introduced drugs, such as urotropine.

    0
    0
  • The ureters open into the fundus of the bladder as in some Rodents.

    0
    0
  • A widespread disease known as pocket-plums or bladderplums is due to an ascomycetous fungus, Exoascus pruni, the mycelium of which lives parasitically in the tissues of the host plant, passes into the ovary of the flower and causes the characteristic malformation of the fruit which becomes a deformed, sometimes curved or flattened, wrinkled dry structure, with a hollow occupying the place of the stone; the bladder plums are yellow at first, subsequently dingy red.

    0
    0
  • In some it is very marked, for example in some viscera, the spleen, the bladder, the ureter, the uterus, the intestine, and especially in the heart.

    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • The motor nerves of the arteries, of the bladder and rectal sphincters, and also of the bronchi, are paralysed by atropine, but the nervous arrangements of those organs are highly complex and until they are further unravelled by physiologists, pharmacology will be unable to give much information which might be of great value in the employment of atropine.

    0
    0
  • The external duct of this gland is often dilated into a bladder, and may sometimes send out diverticula, forming a complex system of sinuses ramifying through the body.

    0
    0
  • The only facts in natural history which appear even indirectly to countenance the flotation theory are the presence of a swimming bladder in some fishes, and the existence of membranous expansions or pseudowings in certain animals, such as the flying fish, flying dragon and flying squirrel.

    0
    0
  • Certain American forms, however, which are preserved as stellate groups, have been interpreted as complex umbrella-shaped colonial stocks, individuals of a still higher order (synrhabdosomes), composed of a number of biserial polyparies (each having a sicula at its outer extremity) attached by their nemacauli to a common centre of origin, which is provided with two disks, a swimming bladder and a ring of capsules.

    0
    0
  • The more complex umbrellashaped colonies of colonies (synrhabdosomes) described as provided with a common swimming bladder (pneumatophore?) may have attained a holo-planktonic or free-swimming mode of existence.

    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • But the emperor was ill, weary and aged by the life of pleasure which he led side by side with his life of work (as is proved by the letters to Mdlle Bellanger); he was suffering from a first attack of his bladder complaint.

    0
    0
  • Successive attacks of stone in the bladder had ruined his physique; while his hesitation and timidity increased with age.

    0
    0
  • Between these two extremes the other parts and organs of the body were distributed among the remaining signs of the zodiac, the neck being assigned to the Bull, the shoulders and arms to the Gemini (or twins), the breast to Cancer, the flanks to Leo, the bladder to Virgo, the buttocks to the Balance, the pubis to the Scorpion, the thighs to Sagittarius, the knees to Capricorn, and the limbs to Aquarius.

    0
    0
  • Heavily nitrated hay is reputed to produce excessive urination and irritation of the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The urinary bladder is always large.

    0
    0
  • If only Kiera had stayed seated or didn't have such a hyperactive bladder or just waited five minutes!

    0
    0
  • I add a bladder of my blood to the Springs in the center of the city each season.

    0
    0
  • Her eyes settled on the black laced blood oozing from her arm into the bladder.

    0
    0
  • She pulled free another bladder, this one full of her blood.

    0
    0
  • At last, he sighed and strapped the bladder to his sword belt.

    0
    0
  • He handed the warrior a bladder of the woman's blood, the last one from the wardrobe.

    0
    0
  • The liver, spleen, kidneys and bladder were not palpable.

    0
    0
  • If anything looks abnormal inside your bladder, your doctor will want to take tissue samples.

    0
    0
  • The farmer was amazed and slightly agitated to see Tom stood under the porch clutching the ' bladder of brandy ' .

    0
    0
  • Drugs called anticholinergics, sometimes in combination with clean intermittent catheterisation, are commonly used for bladder problems.

    0
    0
  • Conflicting results appeared to be obtained in in-vivo assays for effects on DNA in bladder epithelium, the target tissue of concern.

    0
    0
  • It contains berberine, an alkaloid that may prevent UTIs by inhibiting bacteria from adhering to the wall of the urinary bladder.

    0
    0
  • A family history of the disease, or chronic infection with the tropical diseases bilharzia also increase the risk of bladder cancer.

    0
    0
  • The first football was a pig's bladder filled with water.

    0
    0
  • For example, spasticity can be aggravated by sensory stimulation from a pressure sore or a distended bladder or rectum.

    0
    0
  • It is best to avoid large quantities of caffeine and alcohol as these irritate the bladder.

    0
    0
  • They do not have a swim bladder like other fish.

    0
    0
  • Don't empty the bladder of urine, leave it inside the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Then remove the catheter, leaving the stored urine inside the urinary bladder.

    0
    0
  • The other things are neurogenic bladder, and constipation.

    0
    0
  • Paruresis (also known as ' bashful bladder ' syndrome) is another type of social phobia.

    0
    0
  • Recent research shows that this condition of ' irritable bladder ' is not part of the normal aging process.

    0
    0
  • Shortly after this picture was taken, I was hit over the head with an inflated bladder on a stick.

    0
    0
  • Many patients reviewed during a course of radical radiotherapy for bladder carcinoma have urinary flow symptoms, which may suggest impaired bladder carcinoma have urinary flow symptoms, which may suggest impaired bladder emptying.

    0
    0
  • Risk of bladder dysfunction increases with age What could be simpler than emptying the bladder dysfunction increases with age What could be simpler than emptying the bladder?

    0
    0
  • The gall bladder is a storage site for bile.

    0
    0
  • Camelbak 3L Omega reservoir Walking experts the world over, all understand the advantages that a hydration bladder provide when walking.

    0
    0
  • Often their gills collapse and their swim bladder can rupture due to the sudden change in pressure on their bodies.

    0
    0
  • This fish does not have a swim bladder, the device used by most bony fish to keep buoyant.

    0
    0
  • The clumps of whitish flowers growing on the shingle are sea campion, which looks very like bladder campion.

    0
    0
  • For example, the BCG vaccine used to treat bladder cancer.

    0
    0
  • Many patients reviewed during a course of radical radiotherapy for bladder carcinoma have urinary flow symptoms, which may suggest impaired bladder emptying.

    0
    0
  • The dose is instilled into the bladder through a urethral catheter.

    0
    0
  • You will also have a urinary catheter draining urine from your bladder.

    0
    0
  • Bladder infil can also be used in patients who have a supra-pubic catheter in situ.

    0
    0
  • I have heard of a lady whose brother is going to have a cystectomy (his bladder only holds about 100 ml ).

    0
    0
  • The term bacterial cystitis should technically be used where bladder inflammation is as a consequence of bacterial infection.

    0
    0
  • The bladder studies may include cystoscopy, which allows direct visual inspection of the interior of the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Bladder maps are made at the time of resection and at 3 month check cystoscopy and compared.

    0
    0
  • Try to avoid perfumed soaps, bubble baths and vaginal deodorants as they may irritate the bladder lining.

    0
    0
  • For the bladder preservation, accurate staging diagnosis is required.

    0
    0
  • When you empty your bladder you will not notice any discoloration since the " dye " is actually clear, like water.

    0
    0
  • With some systemic diseases the gall bladder becomes pale in color and sometimes also distended.

    0
    0
  • This is joined by the cystic duct from the gall bladder, which then forms the common bile duct.

    0
    0
  • Risk of bladder dysfunction increases with age What could be simpler than emptying the bladder?

    0
    0
  • This suggests that acidic solutions may damage the bladder endothelium.

    0
    0
  • Another very rare birth defect called exstrophy can also increase a person's risk of developing bladder cancer later in life.

    0
    0
  • Some veterinary surgeons also recommend Cosequin to help maintain urinary bladder health.

    0
    0
  • This colonial hydrozoan (jellyfish-like invertebrate animal) has a float bladder that was fully inflated and 22 cm in length.

    0
    0
  • The surgeon waited two days before he operated because the gall bladder was so inflamed.

    0
    0
  • If there is detrusor instability, inappropriate increases in bladder pressure will be observed.

    0
    0
  • In young girls with recurrent infections, daytime urgency and wetting is not infrequently associated due to bladder instability.

    0
    0
  • Interferon Research has been going on using interferon Research has been going on using interferon in combination with low doses of the commonly used bladder cancer treatment, BCG.

    0
    0
  • This is true if the medication is for pain, nausea, diarrhea, or bladder irritation.

    0
    0
  • The possibility of bladder cancer should also be considered if symptoms are predominantly irritative and of recent onset.

    0
    0
  • Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder.

    0
    0
  • If you have noticed accidental leakage from your bladder or bowel, see your doctor.

    0
    0
  • On post micturition bladder scan, he had no residual urine.

    0
    0
  • A further cause of failure to drain urine is occlusion of the drainage eyes of the catheter by the bladder mucosa.

    0
    0
  • Nicotine strengthens the muscle that keeps the bladder shut.

    0
    0
  • Make sure the catheter tubing is slack and is not dragging on the patient's bladder neck.

    0
    0
  • The lifejacket is manufactured using high visibility neon yellow fabric and utilizes a long established ISP, CE approved bladder.

    0
    0
  • Eleven selected only bladder carcinomas, four included all neoplasms of the urinary tract and one selected carcinomas of the renal pelvis and ureter.

    0
    0
  • He had had mild symptoms of bladder outflow obstruction for one year prior to presentation.

    0
    0
  • In particular, early prostate cancer does not cause the typical bladder outflow problems associated with BPH.

    0
    0
  • In rats, there was a small increase in the incidence of transitional cell papillomas in the urinary bladder and kidney.

    0
    0
  • Delayed spontaneous bladder perforation - no particular intestinal segment is more predisposed.

    0
    0
  • The parietal peritoneum over the bladder should be removed to allow the small bowel ultimately to fall into the pelvic cavity.

    0
    0
  • However, the neck of the bladder may be obstructed by a large prostate, causing difficulty in urine flow.

    0
    0
  • This type of bladder reconstruction is sometimes called an orthotopic reconstruction or neo bladder.

    0
    0
  • These include the rectum, which is directly behind the prostate gland, and the bladder, lying on top of the gland.

    0
    0
  • Transurethral resection of the tumor in the urinary bladder was performed.

    0
    0
  • She also noted that he had no bladder distention to suggest urinary retention.

    0
    0
  • The inflammation can result in urine retention which in turn can cause bladder, urethra and kidney infection.

    0
    0
  • In urinary schistosomiasis, they live in the blood vessels of the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Smokers are two to three times more likely to develop bladder cancer than non smokers are two to three times more likely to develop bladder cancer than non smokers.

    0
    0
  • An impacted sigmoid colon or rectum can give rise to bladder spasms which obstruct free drainage of urine.

    0
    0
  • The internal urethral sphincter is found where the urethra joins the base of the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Repeated USS abdomen revealed persistent oedematous gall bladder along with mild splenomegaly.

    0
    0
  • When this is associated with biliary infection, bile stasis or a change in gall bladder function, stones tend to form.

    0
    0
  • When the bile ducts can get swollen the bile cannot get to the gall bladder.

    0
    0
  • The most common part of the urinary tract to get infection is the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The bladder has a trapdoor, which opens inwards with two or three trigger hairs on the outside.

    0
    0
  • Urethral trauma Physical damage to the urethra - the tube that leads from the bladder to the outside.

    0
    0
  • It contains common broomrape, basil, marjoram, bladder campion, sweet violet, field scabious and birds foot trefoil.

    0
    0
  • Horsfield's tortoises fed on cat or dog food frequently die from renal failure or from impacted bladder stones of solidified urates.

    0
    0
  • There is also a duct from each kidney called the ureter, which carries urine to the bladder.

    0
    0
  • You also have two ureters which carry the urine from kidneys to bladder.

    0
    0
  • The gland surrounds the urethra which carries urine flow from the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Urine passes from the bladder to the end of the penis through a tube called the urethra.

    0
    0
  • Inserting a urethral indwelling catheter dilates the urethra from the urethral orifice toward the bladder.

    0
    0
  • There is also flow of contrast into the posterior urethra up into bladder cavity.

    0
    0
  • Studies support Prelief's efficiency in reducing bladder pain and urinary urgency when used in the diets of interstitial cystitis (IC) sufferers.

    0
    0
  • The ward staff will give you a supply of syringes for the bladder washouts to take home.

    0
    0
  • Tie bladder or run sealing wax over the corks, and store in a dry, cool place.

    0
    0
  • On exposed shores the bladder wrack can be found in the form Fucus vesiculosus linearis.

    0
    0
  • In the skull there are always vacuities, or unossified spaces in the bones of the palate, while the "angle," or lower hind extremity of each half of the lower jaw is strongly bent inwards so as to form a kind of shelf, and the alisphenoid bone takes a share in the formation of the tympanum, or auditory bladder, or bulla.

    0
    0
  • B, portion of the bladder (hind-body and tail), showing the invaginated portion (scolex) and traces of the excretory system.

    0
    0
  • The quest of a solvent for calculus in the bladder and kidneys was pursued by him as by others at the period, and he devised a form of forceps which, on the testimony of John Ranby (1703-1773), sergeant-surgeon to George II., extracted stones with "great ease and readiness."

    0
    0
  • It may here be stated that the non-striped muscular tissue of the bladder, the uterus and the spleen is also stimulated, as well as that of the iris (see below).

    0
    0
  • But the most important fact is that ammonium benzoate is largely used - often in combination with urinary anodynes such as tincture of hyoscyamus - as a urinary antiseptic in cases of cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) and pyelitis (inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney).

    0
    0
  • Or you can use these links to go straight down to sections on Why radiotherapy for bladder cancer?

    0
    0
  • Smokers are two to three times more likely to develop bladder cancer than non smokers.

    0
    0
  • Disadvantages Patient needs a compliant bladder and competent sphincter mechanism.

    0
    0
  • Horsfield 's tortoises fed on cat or dog food frequently die from renal failure or from impacted bladder stones of solidified urates.

    0
    0
  • This shows up on X-rays, and it can be followed traveling from the kidney, down the ureters into the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The prostate is a small gland that surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra in men.

    0
    0
  • Studies support Prelief 's efficiency in reducing bladder pain and urinary urgency when used in the diets of interstitial cystitis (IC) sufferers.

    0
    0
  • Urinary catheterisation is where a catheter is inserted into your bladder.

    0
    0
  • Any of these conditions can result in similar symptoms of difficulty in emptying the bladder or the need to urinate more frequently.

    0
    0
  • Residual urine The urine that remains in the bladder after urination.

    0
    0
  • Urodynamic studies Assessment of the pressure and flow of urine in the bladder and connecting tubes.

    0
    0
  • The primary purpose of the catheter is to permit drainage, in this case of urine from the urinary bladder.

    0
    0
  • Routine bladder washouts are being relegated to the Dark Ages.

    0
    0
  • Stress incontinence is usually the result of weakening of the muscles in the pelvic floor that surround the bladder.

    0
    0
  • What can you do to help your child control his or her bladder at night?

    0
    0
  • As the body matures, so do the sphincter muscles which control the release of urine based on a signal from the bladder to the brain.

    0
    0
  • Children who are over the age of five or six and can't control their bladder at night are often said to have a bed wetting problem.

    0
    0
  • Your vet may also have some advice about how many meals your cats should receive each day, since feeding can play a direct role in preventing your cats from forming bladder crystals.

    0
    0
  • There wasn't anything wrong with either of them like bladder infections or stones because I had the vet check them out.

    0
    0
  • If you are experiencing an elimination problem with your cat, it could be caused by a medical problem such as urethral blockage, bladder infection, cystitis or a kidney problem.

    0
    0
  • If your feline friend stops using the litter box, there may be a medical problem such as a bladder infection, a urethral blockage, cystitis or a kidney problem.

    0
    0
  • He will check the abdomen for signs that the bladder is full, and he may try to force some urine out to see if the cat's urethra is blocked.

    0
    0
  • If there does seem to be a blockage, the vet may do a fine needle aspiration of the bladder by inserting a thin needle into the extended bladder and removing some of the urine.

    0
    0
  • If there is an obstruction, your vet will give your cat anesthesia and put a catheter in place to remove the obstruction and clear the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Move the kitten's bladder and bowels by wiping the areas using a wet rag while applying mild pressure.

    0
    0
  • Kittens, as newborns, have no control over the muscles that are needed for bladder or bowel movement.

    0
    0
  • The pressure of the kittens on her bladder and bowels can cause her to urinate or defecate in the house.

    0
    0
  • Michele Tune, known online as "the raw juice girl", credits a diet of raw foods, lots of juicing, and other holistic treatments for helping her lose over 100 pounds and regain her bladder health.

    0
    0
  • Women's health issues addressed with Hyland's products include menstrual cramps, PMS, menopause, bladder infections, vaginitis and incontinence.

    0
    0
  • Monkshood, sometimes called homeopathic vitamin C, is commonly used at the first sign of infection such as sore throat, ear ache or bladder infection.

    0
    0
  • Do not use turmeric if you have gall bladder disease except under the advice of your doctor because it can worsen symptoms.

    0
    0
  • Place one end of a tube inside the balloon taping it in place then slide the tube through the head to the other side and attach the other end to a squeeze bladder.

    0
    0
  • You may already know that smoking causes lung cancer, but did you realize it increases your risk for cancer of the mouth, larynx, esophagus, bladder, kidney, pancreas, and stomach?

    0
    0
  • In both sexes, smoking is linked to cancers of the lung, bladder, pancreas, kidney, larynx, pharynx, and esophagus.

    0
    0
  • Together cigarettes and chewing tobacco are responsible for more cancers of the larynx, oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, and bladder than any other agents.

    0
    0
  • If you work long hours, Fido will no longer be at home pacing the floor and holding his bladder.

    0
    0
  • Always make sure puppy has been given a chance to empty its bowels and bladder right before bedtime.

    0
    0
  • If his bladder is becoming weaker, he may feel stressed about not being able to get out of his crate when he wants to.

    0
    0
  • The primary reason for this is not because their dog is being bad or destructive; it's simply that a smaller dog's bladder can't hold out for long periods of time like that of a larger dog.

    0
    0
  • In fact, many experts believe teaching a smaller dog how to use a litter box is much healthier for the dog because it reduces the stress placed on his bladder over the course of day.

    0
    0
  • In other cases, a house-trained pet may lose control of his bladder and bowel muscles due to illness or aging.

    0
    0
  • A spayed female also stands the risk of losing some bladder control, especially as she ages.

    0
    0
  • However, by following some tried and true tips, practicing patience and showing your dog the respect he deserves, it won't be long before your home is accident-free and your dog's bladder is under control.

    0
    0
  • If the dog leaves a puddle on the floor, he couldn't hold his bladder any longer and therefore urinated on the floor to relieve himself.

    0
    0
  • The dog will naturally try to hold his bladder to avoid soiling his bedding.

    0
    0
  • As he grows and is better able to hold his bladder, the messes should become less frequent.

    0
    0
  • Bladder Nut (Staphylea) - Of the older kinds only S. colchica is important, this being a beautiful shrub with pinnate leaves and large terminal clusters of snow-white flowers in early summer.

    0
    0
  • Bladder Senna (Colutea) - These cannot be called choice flowering shrubs, but they are very useful for poor hungry soils, particularly for dry sunny banks, where few other plants can exist; they are excellent, too, in smoky districts.

    0
    0
  • The affected individual may wander or become lost, become incontinent of bowel or bladder and experience delusions.

    0
    0
  • In advanced stages, an individual may lose bladder control.

    0
    0
  • A full bladder can sometimes cause a sleepwalking episode.

    0
    0
  • Wine was stored in a "bladder" and customers would cut off a corner to pour wine.

    0
    0
  • Between the liver and the duodenum this duct has a side channel connected to the gall bladder.

    0
    0
  • The gall bladder stores bile and concentrates it, removing much of its water content.

    0
    0
  • Then when food enters the stomach, the gall bladder contracts and empties its contents.

    0
    0
  • If the obstruction is only between the gall bladder and the intestine, it is possible to attach a piece of intestine directly to the gall bladder.

    0
    0
  • Calculi (pl.) can cause problems by lodging in and obstructing the proper flow of fluids, such as bile to the intestines or urine to the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Cancer of the kidneys, ovaries, uterus, pancreas, bladder, rectum, and the leukemias and lymphomas are among the 12 major cancers affecting Americans of all ages.

    0
    0
  • Smoking is also the leading cause of bladder cancer and has been shown to contribute to cancers of the upper respiratory tract, esophagus, larynx, kidney, pancreas, stomach, and possibly breast as well.

    0
    0
  • Other symptoms can include sores that do not heal, growths on the skin or below the skin, unusual bleeding, difficulty digesting food or swallowing, and changes in bowel or bladder function.

    0
    0
  • The doctor may use a catheter to empty the mother's bladder and may clean the perineal area with soapy water.

    0
    0
  • A pregnant woman who has GBS infection can develop infections of the bladder, blood, and urinary tract, and deliver a baby who is infected or stillborn.

    0
    0
  • Jaundice can result from a congenital (present at birth) malformation of the liver, bile ducts, or gall bladder.

    0
    0
  • Biliary atresia-the underdevelopment, inflammation, or obstruction of the bile ducts that carry bile from the liver to the gall bladder and small intestine-causes bile to build up in the liver and forces the bilirubin into the blood.

    0
    0
  • Symptoms of EDS within this category may include soft, mildly stretchable skin, shortened bones, chronic diarrhea, joint hypermobility and dislocation, bladder rupture, or poor wound healing.

    0
    0
  • Kidney and bladder problems are also common.

    0
    0
  • Spasticity may be aggravated by temperature extremes, humidity, skin problems such as a pressure ulcer or ingrown toenail, bladder or bowel problems, infections, and sometimes tight clothing.

    0
    0
  • The doctor will review the presence of other health problems such as swallowing function, bowel and bladder function, and learning difficulties.

    0
    0
  • They are used to lessen muscle spasms in the intestines, lungs, bladder, and eye muscles.

    0
    0
  • Some children regress, temporarily losing such attainments as weaning, bowel and bladder control, or clear speech, in an attempt to regain lost parental attention by becoming babies again themselves.

    0
    0
  • As much as 51 percent of all hemorrhagic cystitis (inflammation of the bladder and of the tubes that carry urine to the bladder from the kidneys) in American and Japanese children can be attributed to adenovirus infection.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasound can locate a uterus behind the bladder and can determine if there is a cervix or uterine canal.

    0
    0
  • The ureter drains urine from the kidney into the bladder.

    0
    0
  • If, however, one of the ureters has a dead end, a stricture or stenosis (narrowing), or a leaky ureterovesical valve (between the ureter and bladder), infection is the likely result.

    0
    0
  • The primary ureter, or a duplicate, may not even reach the bladder, but rather terminate in a dead end.

    0
    0
  • A lower tract infection, in the bladder, is called cystitis.

    0
    0
  • In rare cases, urine from an ectopic ureter will bypass the bladder and dribble out of the bottom somewhere, through a natural orifice like the vagina or a completely separate unnatural opening.

    0
    0
  • Cystoscopy (looking into the bladder with a thin telescope-like instrument) and x rays with a contrast agent to illuminate the urinary system will usually identify the defect.

    0
    0
  • Cystoscopy-A diagnostic procedure in which a hollow lighted tube (cystoscope) is used to look inside the bladder and the urethra.

    0
    0
  • Ureterovesical valve-A sphincter (an opening controlled by a circular muscle), located where the ureter enters the bladder, that keeps urine from flowing backward toward the kidney.

    0
    0
  • Urologists have various approaches to urine drainage that range from simply reimplanting a ureter into the bladder, in such a way that an effective valve is created, to building a new bladder out of a piece of bowel.

    0
    0
  • It is most often due to bacterial infection, but can also be caused by a chemical irritant (such as spillage of acid from the stomach or bile from the gall bladder).

    0
    0
  • Endoscope-A medical instrument that can be passed into an area of the body (the bladder or intestine, for example) to allow visual examination of that area.

    0
    0
  • Another technique to keep the incision in the eardrum open without the need for tube insertion is application of a medication called mitomycin C, which was originally developed to treat bladder cancer.

    0
    0
  • A catheter is inserted into her bladder to keep it drained and out of the way during surgery and the upper pubic area is usually shaved.

    0
    0
  • Less commonly, injury can occur to the surrounding organs, i.e., the bladder and bowel.

    0
    0
  • Bowel and bladder function also can be impaired.

    0
    0
  • Furthermore, the bowel and bladder have inadequate nerve connections, causing an inability to control bowel and bladder function.

    0
    0
  • Although most children between the ages of three and five begin to stay dry at night, the age at which children are physically and emotionally ready to maintain complete bladder control varies.

    0
    0
  • Children who wet the bed frequently may have a smaller than normal functional bladder capacity.

    0
    0
  • Functional bladder capacity is the amount of urine a person can hold in the bladder before feeling a strong urge to urinate.

    0
    0
  • When functional capacity is small, the bladder will not hold all the urine produced during the night.

    0
    0
  • Tests have shown that bladder size in these children is normal.

    0
    0
  • Although a small functional bladder capacity may be caused by a developmental delay, it may also be that the child's habit of voiding frequently slows bladder development.

    0
    0
  • This decreased volume of water usually prevents the child's bladder from overfilling during the night, unless the child drinks a lot just before going to bed.

    0
    0
  • If they do not wake up, the bladder releases the excess urine and the child wets the bed.

    0
    0
  • Bladder training exercises are based on the theory that those who wet the bed have small functional bladder capacity.

    0
    0
  • These exercises are designed to increase bladder capacity but are only successful in resolving bed-wetting in a small number of patients.

    0
    0
  • The intention is to condition a response to awaken when the bladder is full.

    0
    0
  • Among the drugs commonly used are a nasal spray of desmopressin acetate (DDAVP), a substance similar to the hormone that helps regulate urine production; and imipramine hydrochloride, a drug that helps to increase bladder capacity.

    0
    0
  • About 10 percent of fetuses with urinary tract obstructions may require prenatal surgery in which a device is placed in the fetus's bladder to drain the urine into the amniotic sac.

    0
    0
  • A tiny hole was made in the bladder of the fetus and a catheter (a long, thin tube) was inserted to drain the urine directly into the amniotic fluid.

    0
    0
  • For urinary tract obstructions a needle may be used to insert a catheter through the mother's abdomen and uterus and into the fetal bladder where it drains the urine into the amniotic fluid.

    0
    0
  • The catheter may have an expandable wire mesh that expands in the bladder to prevent the catheter from plugging up or dislodging.

    0
    0
  • People with spina bifida can suffer from bladder and bowel incontinence, cognitive (learning) problems, and limited mobility.

    0
    0
  • Some women get more urinary tract infections if they use a diaphragm because the diaphragm can press against the urethra, the tube that connects the bladder to the outside.

    0
    0
  • Normally, kidneys rid the body of wastes by filtering the wastes into the bladder where they exit the body through the urine.

    0
    0
  • Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a condition in which urine flows from the bladder, back up the ureter, and back into the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • Each ureter leads into the bladder, where the urine collects until it is passed out of the body.

    0
    0
  • In vesicoureteral reflux, however, urine that has already collected in the bladder is able to flow backwards from the bladder, up the ureter, and back into the collecting system of the kidney.

    0
    0
  • Most cases of VUR are due to a defect in the way the ureter is implanted into the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The angle may be wrong or the valve (which should allow urine only one-way entrance into the bladder) may be weak.

    0
    0
  • These include a situation in which two ureters leave a kidney, instead of the usual one (duplicated ureters) and in which the ureter is greatly enlarged at the end leading into the bladder (ureterocele).

    0
    0
  • In these cases, the bladder may become irritable and spastic, because it is never totally empty of urine.

    0
    0
  • This test involves inserting a small tube (catheter) into the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The bladder is then filled with a dye solution, which lights up on the x-ray picture.

    0
    0
  • Once VUR has been diagnosed, its progress may be followed with a nuclear scintigram, in which a radioactive substance is put into the bladder via catheter, and a gamma camera takes images that reveal the presence and degree of VUR.

    0
    0
  • Surgery for VUR consists of reimplanting the ureters into the bladder at a more normal angle.

    0
    0
  • This adjustment usually improves the functioning of the valve leading into the bladder.

    0
    0
  • As they grow, the ureter lengthens, changing its angle of entry into the bladder and resolving the reflux.

    0
    0
  • Problems with bladder emptying can make toilet teaching a slower process in children with VUR.

    0
    0
  • Ureter-The tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder; each kidney has one ureter.

    0
    0
  • When children are ill, the rate of bladder and bowel elimination may slow down because of reduced physical action.

    0
    0
  • Catheters and ports also may be placed in the chest cavity, abdomen, bladder, or pelvis (intracavitary or IC catheter), depending on the location of the cancer to be treated.

    0
    0
  • Toilet training is the process of teaching a young child to control the bowel and bladder and use the bathroom for elimination.

    0
    0
  • In some cases children learn bladder control first; others learn bowel control before bladder control.

    0
    0
  • Some children achieve some control over bladder and/or bowel movements as early as nine months of age and are able to cooperate in controlling themselves to some degree by the age of 12 to 15 months.

    0
    0
  • The signal from the child's bladder has to be strong enough to wake him from sleep and get him to the bathroom at least once or twice a night.

    0
    0
  • In a minority of children, nighttime bladder control does not develop until after the age of five; this situation often occurs in families where there is a history of enuresis (bedwetting).

    0
    0
  • The two most common congenital bladder abnormalities are exstrophy and congenital diverticula.

    0
    0
  • An exstrophic bladder is one that is open to the outside and turned inside out, so that its inside is visible at birth, protruding from the lower abdomen.

    0
    0
  • Exstrophy of the bladder represents a failure of this folding process to complete itself, so the organs form with more or less of their front side missing and remain open to the outside.

    0
    0
  • A congenital bladder diverticulum represents an area of weakness in the bladder wall through which extrudes some of the lining of the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Bladder diverticula may be multiple, and they often occur at the ureterovesical junction (the entrance of the upper urinary system into the bladder).

    0
    0
  • If left untreated, the person with bladder exstrophy will have no control over urination and is more likely than others to develop bladder cancer.

    0
    0
  • The obvious bladder exstrophy seen at birth will prompt immediate action and a search for other anomalies.

    0
    0
  • Delay in the surgery leads to the frequent need to divert the urine into the bowel because the partially repaired bladder cannot control the flow.

    0
    0
  • The rate of infection is greater for those with congenital bladder anomalies, since any abnormality in the urinary system predisposes it to invasion by bacteria.

    0
    0
  • Parents of children with bladder diverticula should be aware of prevention and treatment practices for urinary tract infections.

    0
    0
  • Diverticula are present most often in the colon (large intestine), but are also found in the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Exstrophy-A congenital condition in which a hollow organ, such as the bladder, is turned inside out, establishing contact between the organ and the outside of the body.

    0
    0
  • Ureterovesical junction-The point where the ureter joins the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Children with this disorder develop normally until at least two years of age, after which an obvious regression in multiple functional skills occurs, including bladder and bowel control, ability to move, and language skills.

    0
    0
  • Malignant tumors, most commonly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or cancers of the gall bladder and liver.

    0
    0
  • The night terror might be triggered by a full bladder.

    0
    0
  • Herbal remedies to improve thyroid function and relieve symptoms of hypothyroidism include bladder wrack (Fucus vesiculosus), which can be taken in capsule form or as a tea.

    0
    0
  • Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra, which is the tube that connects the bladder with the exterior of the body.

    0
    0
  • Vesicoureteral reflux is a condition in which the child cannot completely empty the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The condition allows urine to remain in or flow backward (reflux) into the partially empty bladder.

    0
    0
  • The frequency of bladder infections in humans varies significantly according to age and sex.

    0
    0
  • Most bladder infections in women are so-called ascending infections, which means they are caused by disease agents traveling upward through the urethra to the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The relative shortness of the female urethra (1.2 to 2 inches [3-5 cm] in length for adults) facilitates bacteria gaining entry to the bladder and multiplying there.

    0
    0
  • Hemorrhagic cystitis, which is marked by large quantities of blood in the urine, is caused by an acute bacterial infection of the bladder.

    0
    0
  • When cystitis is suspected, the doctor first examines a person's abdomen and lower back, to evaluate unusual enlargements of the kidneys or swelling of the bladder.

    0
    0
  • Women and children with recurrent UTIs can be given ultrasound exams of the kidneys and bladder together with a voiding cystourethrogram to test for structural abnormalities.

    0
    0
  • Drinking unsweetened cranberry juice not only adds fluid but also is thought to help prevent cystitis by making it more difficult for bacteria to cling to the bladder wall.

    0
    0
  • Urethritis-Inflammation of the urethra, the tube through which the urine moves from the bladder to the outside of the body.

    0
    0
  • The endoderm forms the lining of lungs, bladder, digestive tract, tongue, tonsils, and other organs.

    0
    0
  • Hypospadias is a congenital anomaly resulting from incomplete closure of the tissue of the penis that forms the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body).

    0
    0
  • Type II malformation occurs almost exclusively with spina bifida, which causes symptoms that may include paralysis of the lower extremities (and less often, the upper limbs), and bowel and bladder dysfunction.

    0
    0
  • A spinal cord injury can also affect the nerves and muscles and can cause bowel and bladder problems and skin problems.

    0
    0
  • The loss of normal bladder function after SCI places an individual at risk for urinary tract infection.

    0
    0
  • Early in pregnancy, the test may need to be done with a full bladder.

    0
    0
  • Other possible symptoms are pain on urination, inability to urinate, or frequent urge to urinate if the swollen appendix is near the urinary tract and bladder.

    0
    0
  • The skin sometimes acquires a bluish tint, and the person may bite the tongue, lose bowel or bladder control, or have trouble breathing.

    0
    0
  • Babies with spina bifida may be unable to learn to walk, or to control their bowels and bladder.

    0
    0
  • You may also have a bladder infection or diabetes or you may have just been drinking more than usual.

    0
    0
  • Men who experience testicular, bladder, or prostrate cancer are at a higher risk of losing their ability to reproduce through natural means.

    0
    0
  • The feeling of a bladder that fills more often than usual may start approximately six or eight weeks after conception.

    0
    0
  • Endometriosis occurs when the tissue that usually lines the uterus grows on other organs in the abdomen, like the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the outside of the uterus, or the bowels and bladder.

    0
    0
  • Implants on the bladder can also cause pain during urination.

    0
    0
  • During pregnancy, people usually associate a frequent need to urinate with a growing baby pressing on a woman's bladder.

    0
    0
  • Later on in pregnancy, most women have to urinate more often than normal because the uterus is putting pressure on the bladder.

    0
    0
  • The unit is made of an extremely strong PVC bladder covered in turquoise and white nylon fabric, and inflates quickly with the use of an electric air pump.

    0
    0
  • I have been teaching people about the power of juicing since 1948, when I got bladder cancer and was afraid, at the tender age of 25, that I was going to die.

    0
    0
  • In some cases, a child's bladder may be too small to hold an excess amount of urine.

    0
    0
  • For instance in the HP 970CXI Printer, the black cartridge has an ink bladder and the color cartridge has sponges that absorb the ink.

    0
    0
  • Used as an herbal treatment for pulmonary complaints and kidney and bladder infections.

    0
    0
  • If you haven't been drinking enough water, your bladder will need some time to adjust.

    0
    0
  • Obesity can even contribute to certain types of cancer, such as prostate, kidney, colon, gall bladder, uterine and postmenopausal breast cancer.

    0
    0
  • A low fat gall bladder diet is important for those who suffer from gall bladder disease symptoms such as diarrhea and bloating.

    0
    0
  • For people with gall bladder disease, consuming too much fat can really cause some problems.

    0
    0
  • This is because fats are broken down by bile produced in the gall bladder.

    0
    0
  • If the gall bladder isn't functioning properly, fats are not properly broken down.

    0
    0
  • A diet to treat gall bladder disease typically should not contain more than 25 to 50 grams of fat each day.

    0
    0
  • The exact amount of fats consumed in a low fa