Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare, congenital (present at birth), noninherited disorder characterized by the vascular malformation (birthmark) called a port wine stain, usually seen on an infant's face.
The hardest part for parents is to wait until the birthmarks begin to fade on their own or, in the case of a birthmark that does not fade, waiting until the child is old enough for surgical management.
Individuals are cautioned to stay out of the sunlight after a birthmark removal session, so if you do need to head outdoors, be sure to cover up with a sunscreen of at least SPF 15.
Embolization: A special material is injected into the vessel blocks blood flow, which helps control blood loss from a bleeding birthmark or reduces the size of inoperable growths.
They should call the pediatrician if they notice bleeding from the birthmark, if a sore develops on the birthmark, if the mark is growing larger.
Note, however, that laser treatment is the preferred method of birthmark removal, and that a surgical procedure is truly the last resort.
A laser will also lighten darker areas of the skin when it penetrates the surface, so the result is a less noticeable birthmark.
The treatment involves aiming short, rapid bursts of intense laser light at the birthmark, causing it to stop growing or shrink.
Some choose to use makeup to cover the birthmark if at all possible, but often birthmark removal is a more viable option.
Treatment costs will vary depending on the size of the birthmark site, as well as the color intensity of the birthmark.