Birmingham also has important lumber interests.
The first steel plant in the southern states was established at Birmingham in 1897; in 1902, at Ensley, one of the suburbs, there were 10 furnaces controlled by one company.
FRANCIS ASBURY (1745-1816), American clergyman, was born at Hamstead Bridge in the parish of Handsworth, near Birmingham, in Staffordshire, England, on the 10th of August 1 745.
When I was twelve I hitchhiked from Boston to Birmingham.
In 1871 a land company, promoted by railway officials, founded Birmingham.
The Stratford-on-Avon canal communicates with the Warwick and Birmingham canal.
In 1905 it met in Leeds, and in 1908 in Birmingham.
On the re-establishment of the hierarchy in England Ullathorne became the first Roman Catholic bishop of Birmingham.
EDWARD WHITE BENSON (1829-1896), archbishop of Canterbury, was born on the 4th of July 1829, at Birmingham.
But there his stay was equally short, for in 1872 he undertook the duties of engineering manager in the glass manufactories of Messrs Chance Brothers and Company at Birmingham.
Crown and German sheet-glass were made by Messrs Chance & Hartley of Birmingham.
A monthly magazine, The Christadelphian, is published in Birmingham.
SAMUEL ALLPORT (1816-1897), English petrologist, brother of the above, was born in Birmingham on the 2 3 rd of January 1816, and educated in that city.
On the r4th of June Mr Attwood, M.P. for Birmingham, presented to the House of Commons a Chartist petition alleged to have been signed by 1,280,000 people.
Meanwhile some monster Chartist demonstrations were being organized, and they commenced on the 4th of July with riots at Birmingham.
The riots at Birmingham lasted ten days, and had to be put down by armed force.
from Birmingham, and includes Smethwick, West Bromwich, Dudley, Oldbury, Sedgley, Tipton, Bilston, Wednesbury, Wolverhampton and Walsall as its most important centres.
He was educated at London, Poole and Spring Hill College, Birmingham; he graduated B.A.
They were first introduced into Devonshire about the year 1847, had become common near Birmingham by 1866, and two or three years later were observed in several parts of Scotland.
During the South African crisis of 1899-1902 he was specially vehement in opposition to Mr Chamberlain, and took the "pro-Boer" side so bitterly that he was mobbed in Birmingham during the 1900 election when he attempted to address a meeting at the Town Hall.
Many of them were actually manufactured in Birmingham, but as the secret of producing the material was discovered and brought to perfection in Sheffield, the name of that town was naturally connected with it, and thence transferred to articles constructed from it.
The labour of rolling the metal by hand was done away with about 1760, by the firm of Tudor, Leader & Sherburn, who first employed horse-power, and for more than half a century the trade both in Sheffield and Birmingham continued to flourish.
de Ruolz of Paris started in business on those lines, and the slower and consequently more costly manufacture at Sheffield and Birmingham rapidly died out.
(Regulations, Birmingham, Glascow, London, Manchester &c.) In Europe the local inspection is generally carried out through the State, and a uniform system of local verification is thereby maintained.
The ore is extensively worked at some points, as at Birmingham, Alabama.
Birmingham Cunningham's Text-book of Anatomy.
The iron ore (found chiefly in the region of which Birmingham is the centre) is primarily red haematite and (much less important) brown haematite; though as regards the latter Alabama ranked first among the states of the Union in 1905 (with 781,561 tons).
In 1895 it was demonstrated that Alabama pig-iron could be sent to Liverpool and sold cheaper than the English product, and Birmingham (Alabama) came consequently to rank next to Middlesborough and Glasgow among the world centres of the pig-iron trade.
These three were Mobile (38,469), Birmingham (38,415), and Montgomery (30,346), the capital of the state.
Riley's Alabama As It Is (Montgomery, 1893), and Saffold Berney's Handbook of Alabama (2nd ed., Birmingham, 1892).
(Birmingham, 1888); Albert J.
Pickett's History of Alabama (5th ed., 2 vols., Birmingham, Ala., 1900), which contains a valuable compilation of the "Annals of Alabama from 1819 to 1900," by Thomas M.
BROOKE FOSS WESTCOTT (1825-1901), English divine and bishop of Durham, was born on the 12th of January 1825 in the neighbourhood of Birmingham.
school, Birmingham, under James Prince Lee, where he formed his friendship with Joseph Barber Lightfoot.
Besides these five groups, an obscure road, called by the Saxons Akeman Street, gave alternative access from London through Alchester (outside of Bicester) to Bath, while another obscure road winds south from near Sheffield, past Derby and Birmingham, and connects the lower Severn with the Humber.
While Mr Chamberlain had a signal personal triumph in all the divisions of Birmingham, Mr Balfour himself was defeated by a large majority in Manchester.
His speech at Birmingham (November 14, 1907), fully accepting the principles of Mr Chamberlain's fiscal policy, proved epoch-making in consolidating the Unionist party - except for a small number of free-traders, like Lord Robert Cecil, who continued to hold out - in favour of tariff reform; and during 1908 the process of recuperation went on, the by-elections showing toamarked degree the increased popular support given to the Unionist candidates.
Orphans of respectable parents have a home at Birmingham, and the reformatory school has done splendid service for lads who have committed a first offence.
EDWIN HATCH (1835-1889), English theologian, was born at Derby on the 14th of September 1835, and was educated at King Edward's school, Birmingham, under James Prince Lee, afterwards bishop of Manchester.
There are cordite and explosives works, established by Messrs Kynoch of Birmingham, England.
from Birmingham on branches of the London & North-Western and Midland railways.
The town, which lies high in a hilly situation, is the centre of a residential district for persons having their business offices in Birmingham, Walsall and other towns.
This, with the Crystal Palace gardens, forms a recreation ground for the people of Birmingham.
Yancey (Birmingham, 1892); J.
Bruce castle, on the site of the old mansion of the Bruces, but built probably by Sir William Compton in the beginning of the 16th century, was occupied by a boarding-school founded by Mr (afterwards Sir) Rowland Hill in 1827 on the system instituted by him at Hazlewood, Birmingham.
The Lodz manufacturing district, the Polish Birmingham, is becoming more German than Polish; and throughout the governments west of the Vistula German immigration is going on at a steadily increasing rate, especially in the governments of Plock, Kalisz, Piotrkow and Warsaw.
Stone, Mr Rowlands and some Birmingham supporters of Colonel Fred Burnaby, who also wished to return Lord Randolph Churchill as a Conservative member for that city.
It lies in a pleasant undulating district near the foot of the Lickey Hills, to surmount which the railway towards Birmingham here ascends for 2 m.
Birmingham Sanatorium stands in the parish.
After holding masterships at King Edward's School, Birmingham, and at Clifton College, he succeeded G.
He repaired to Birmingham, and there earned a few guineas by literary drudgery.
When the Royal Society of Canada was constituted he was the first to occupy the presidential chair, and he also acted as president of the British Association at its meeting at Birmingham in 1886, and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
In Palmerston's penal dissolution in the latter year, Bright was rejected by Manchester, but in August, while ill and absent, Birmingham elected him without a contest.
In June 1865 parliament was dissolved, and Bright was returned for Birmingham without opposition.
The Reform Bill was carried with a clause for minority representation, and in the autumn of 1868 Bright, with two Liberal colleagues, was again returned for Birmingham.
In the election in January 1874 Bright and his colleagues were returned for Birmingham without opposition.
At the general election in 1880 he was re-elected at Birmingham, and joined Mr Gladstone's new government as chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster.
In 1883 he took the chair at a meeting of the Liberation Society in Mr Spurgeon's chapel; and in June of that year was the object of an unparalleled demonstration at Birmingham to celebrate his twenty-five years of service as its representative.
At the Birmingham election in 1885 he stood for the central division of the redistributed constituency; he was opposed by Lord Randolph Churchill, but was elected by a large majority.
His last speech at Birmingham was on 29th March 1888, at a banquet to celebrate Mr Chamberlain's return from his peace mission to the United States.
He was given an honorary degree of the university of Oxford in 1886, and in 1888 a statue of him was erected at Birmingham.
Egyptian silver money is minted at Birmingham, and nickel and bronze money at Vienna.
Macon is, next to Atlanta, the most important railway centre in the state, being served by the Southern, the Central of Georgia, the Georgia, the Georgia Southern & Florida, the Macon Dublin & Savannah, and the Macon & Birmingham railways.
It was he who coined the phrase (Birmingham, 1894) as to the government's "ploughing the sands" in their endeavour to pass Liberal legislation with a hostile House of Lords.
Recognizing this, the corporation of Birmingham, under an act of 1892, acquired the watershed of the Elan and Claerwen, and constructed on the Elan three impounding reservoirs whence the water is conducted through an aqueduct to Birmingham (q.v.).
He at once made friends, who stood him in good stead all his life, foremost among whom were Edward Burne-Jones, who was a freshman of his year, and a little Birmingham group at Pembroke.
The examinations of the newer universities, the Victoria University of Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, Leeds, Sheffield and Wales, are open only to students at these universities, and are conducted by the teachers in association with one or more external examiners for each subject.
In 1840 he was consecrated bishop, and sent to England as coadjutor to Bishop Walsh, vicar-apostolic of the Central district, and was also appointed president of Oscott College near Birmingham.
George A Birmingham >>
- The term "art metal-work" is applied to those works in metal in which beauty of form or decorative effect is the first consideration, irrespective of whether the object is intended for use or is merely ornamental; and it embraces any article from a Birmingham brass bedstead to works of the highest artistic merit.
The massively moulded ormolu stair balustrade of Northumberland House, now at 49 Prince's Gate; the candelabra at Windsor and Buckingham Palace, produced in Birmingham by the firm of Messenger; the cast-iron railings with javelin heads and lictors' fasces, the tripods, Corinthian column standard lamps and candelabra, boat-shaped oil lamps and tent-shaped lustres with classic mountings, are examples of the metal-work of a style which, outside the eccentric Brighton Pavilion and excursions into Gothic and Elizabethan, was universally accepted in the United Kingdom from the days of the Regency until after the accession of Victoria.
They were rivalled by Elkington of Birmingham, who secured the permanent assistance of at least one fine artist, Morel Ladeuil, the producer of the Elcho Challenge Shield.
A Rain-Water Rain-Water Head, In Lead, For The Victoria Law Courts, Birmingham.
Fuller also published an admirable Memoir of the Rev. Samuel Pearce, of Birmingham, and a volume of Expository besides a considerable number of smaller pieces, chiefly sermons and pamphlets, which were issued in a collected form after his death.
Perowne as bishop of Worcester and in 1905 was installed bishop of Birmingham, a new see the creation of which had been mainly due to his efforts.
Waycross is served by the Atlanta, Birmingham & Atlantic, and the Atlantic Coast Line railways, several branches of the latter intersecting here.
Birmingham, Liverpool, Southwark, Newcastle), sees have since been created by Population.
But the great reservoir known as Lake Vyrnwy, which supplies Liverpool with water, is equal in size to Bala; and the chain of four artificial lakes constructed by the Birmingham corporation in the valleys of the Elan and Claerwen covers a large area in west Radnorshire.
of Birmingham on the Great Western and the London & North Western railways.
It took over four years to construct the railway from London to Birmingham, at a cost exceeding £4,000,000.
Birmingham, Alabama >>
None, however, is exported in its raw state, as all which is produced is manufactured in the province, and principally at Fat-sham, which has been called the Birmingham of China.
The Dialects of South Africa (Cape Town, 1858); Books, Pamphlets and Articles on British South Africa (Birmingham Free Library, 1901), Mendelssohn's South African Bibliography (2 vols.
After attending King Edward VI.'s grammar school, Birmingham, he studied at Birmingham hospital, and afterwards at King's College, London, with the intention of making medicine his profession; but after taking his degree at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1843 he changed his mind.
In the provinces the first church was at Birmingham (1791), followed by one at Manchester and another at Liverpool (1793).
In 1856 he became master of King Edward's grammar school at Lichfield, in 1858 warden and professor of classical literature and geology in Queen's College, Birmingham, in 1862 rector of Mellis, in Suffolk, and in 1867 vicar of St John's, Bethnal Green, London.
Southward from the Pennines there may be mentioned, in the midlands, the small elevated tract of Charnwood Forest (Bardon Hill, 912 ft.) in Leicestershire, and Cannock Chase (775 ft.) and the Clent Hills (928 ft.), respectively north and south of the great manufacturing district of Birmingham and Wolverhampton.
from the estuaries of the Severn, Thames and Wash; Coleshill, near Birmingham, is also almost exactly 75 m.
A group of artificial lakes, one of them exceeded in area only by Windermere, has been formed in the valley of the Elan, a tributary of the Wye, for the supply of water to Birmingham.
Several small coal-fields rise through the Red rocks - the largest, between Stafford and Birmingham, forms the famous " Black Country," with Wolverhampton and Dudley as centres, where the manufacture of iron has preserved a historic continuity, for the great Forest of Arden supplied charcoal until the new fuel from the pits took its place.
This coalfield, ministering to the multifarious metal manufactures of Birmingham, constitutes the centre of the Midlands.
A few small outcrops occur where still more ancient strata have been raised to the surface, as, for instance, in Charnwood Forest, where the Archaean rocks, with intrusions of granite, create a patch of highland scenery in the very heart of the English plain; and in the Lickey Hills, near Birmingham, where the prominent features are due to volcanic rocks of very ancient date.
The " Waterstones," or Lower Keuper Sandstones, - forming gentle elevations above the softer marls, and usually charged with an abundant supply of water, which can be reached by wells, - form the site of many towns, such as Birmingham, Warwick and Lichfield, and of very numerous villages.
A wider grouping according to natural characteristics may now be recognized only in the cases of Wales, East Anglia, Wessex and such less definite groups as the Home Counties around London or the Midlands around Birmingham.
This effect is well seen in the way in which the wind blowing directly up the Severn estuary is directed along the edges of the Oolitic escarpment north-eastward, thus displacing the centre of cold in winter to the east coast, and the centre of heat in summer to the lower Thames, from the position which both centres would occupy, if calms prevailed, in a beit running from Birmingham to Buckingham.
But in 1871-1881 a decrease was found in the case of fifteen counties in all, and in 1881-1891 in the case of thirteen, whereas in 1891-1901, although Radnorshire, which returned a decrease previously, now returned an abnormal increase owing to the temporary employment of workmen on the construction of the Birmingham waterworks, the number fell to 10, and the average percentage also fell.
Midland (1844, an amalgamation of the former North Midland, Midland Counties, Birmingham& Derby, and other lines).
West and North line from Bristol, Gloucester and Birmingham to Leicester and Derby.
London & North-Western (1846, an amalgamation of the London & Birmingham, Grand Junction, and Manchester & Birmingham lines).
Serves also Manchester, Liverpool and all parts of the north-west, North Wales, Birmingham and the neighbouring midland towns, and by jointlines, the South Welsh coal-fields.
Numerous additional main lines - Reading to Newbury, Weymouth and the west, a new line opened in 1906 between Castle Cary and Langport effecting a great reduction in mileage between London and Exeter and places beyond; Didcot, Oxford, Birmingham, Shrewsbury, Chester with connexions northward, and to North Wales; Oxford to Worcester, and Swindon to Gloucester and the west of England; South Welsh system (through route from London via Wootton Bassett or via Bristol, and the Severn tunnel), Newport, Cardiff, Swansea, Milford.
- The English system of inland navigation is confined principally to the following districts: South Lancashire, the West Riding of Yorkshire, the Midlands, especially about Birmingham, the Fen district and the Thames i basin (especially the lower part).
In the Black Country and neighbourhood the numerous ramifications of the Birmingham Canal navigations bear a large mineral traffic. This system is connected with the rivers Severn and Trent and the canal system of the country at large, and is controlled by the London & NorthWestern company.
It connects with the Oxford Canal at Braunston in Northamptonshire, and through this with canals to Birmingham and the midlands, and continues to Leicester.
Thus the industry centred chiefly upon the Weald (Sussex and Kent), the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, and the Birmingham district; but from the first district named it afterwards wholly departed, following the development of the coal-fields.
In the face of railway competition, several of the canals maintain a fair traffic in coal, for which they are eminently suitable - the system of the Birmingham navigation, the Aire and Calder navigation of Yorkshire, and the Leeds and Liverpool navigation have the largest.
But the district most intimately connected with every branch of this industry, from engineering and the manufacture of tools, &c., to working in the precious metals, is the " Black Country " and Birmingham district of Staffordshire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire.
Birmingham and Coventry may be specially mentioned as centres of the motor and cycle building industry.
The city is served by the Southern, the Atlanta, Birmingham & Atlantic, and the Atlantic Coast Line railways; it is also connected by lines of steamboats.
He kept in touch with his old friends by playing in the orchestra of the Birmingham Festivals from 1864 to 1873.
A fine setting of the hymn "Veni, Creator Spiritus" was given at Birmingham in 1891, and the oratorio Bethlehem in 1894.
The Manchester Education Union and the Birmingham Education League had already formulated in the provinces the two opposing theories, the former standing for the preservation of denominational interests, the latter advocating secular rate-aided education as the only means of protecting Nonconformity against the Church.
By the 14th of March, when the second reading came on, the controversy had assumed threatening proportions; and Mr Dixon, the Liberal member for Birmingham and chairman of the Education League, moved an amendment, the effect of which was to prohibit all religious education in board schools.
In the interval there had been other questions on which he found himself at variance with Gladstonian Liberalism, for instance, as regards the Sudan and the Transvaal, nor was he inclined to stomach the claims of the Caucus or the Birmingham programme.
In connexion with the Elan and Claerwen works, in Mid-Wales, for the supply of Birmingham, six masonry dams were projected, three of which are completed, including the Caban Goch dam, 590 ft.
Many of the great towns had already secured such sites within moderate distances, and had constructed reservoirs of considerable size, when, in 1879, 1880 and 1892 respectively, Manchester, Liverpool and Birmingham obtained statutory powers to draw water from relatively great distances, viz.
from Thirlmere in Cumberland, in the case of Manchester; from the river Vyrnwy, Montgomeryshire, a tributary of the Severn, in the case of Liverpool; and from the rivers Elan and Claerwen in Radnorshire, tributaries of the Wye, in the case of Birmingham.
In 1892 the Corporation of Birmingham obtained powers for the construction of six reservoirs on the rivers Elan and Claerwen, also shown in fig.
In 1881 she began to study physical science at Mason College, Birmingham.
At Birmingham, accordingly, Sir Charles Wolseley was duly elected legislatorial attorney and representative of the town.
which they presented to parliament in 1839 led to a formidable riot in Birmingham, and to a projected march from South Wales on London, in which twenty persons were shot dead at Newport.
This horrible outrage naturally created indignation in France, and it unfortunately became plain that the conspiracy had been hatched in England, and that the bombs had been manufactured in Birmingham.
It is clear from these facts that, prior to Murdoch's experiments, it was known that illuminating gas could be obtained by the destructive distillation of coal, but the experiments which he began at Redruth in 1792, and which culminated in the lighting of Messrs Boulton, Watt & Co.'s engine works at Soho, near Birmingham, in 1802, undoubtedly demonstrated the practical possibility of making the gas on a large scale, and burning it in such a way as to make coal-gas the most important of the artificial illuminants.
of Radnorshire, passing Rhayader, and receiving the Elan, in the basin of which are the Birmingham reservoirs.
to Birmingham, but there are pleasant residential suburbs to the west, where the country is rich and well wooded.
of Birmingham by the Great Western railway.
After two years in his father's office in London, he was sent to Birmingham to join his cousin Joseph Nettlefold in a screw business in which his father had an interest; and by degrees, largely owing to his own intelligent management, this business became very successful.
Meanwhile he had in 1861 married his first wife, Miss Harriet Kenrick (she died in 1863), and had gradually come to take an increasingly important part in the municipal and political life of Birmingham.
He was a constant speaker at the Birmingham and Edgbaston Debating Society; and when in 1868 the Birmingham Liberal Association was reorganized, he became one of its leading members.
In 1870 he was elected a member of the first school board for Birmingham; and for the next six years, and especially after 1873, when he became leader of a majority and chairman, he actively championed the Nonconformist opposition to denominationalism.
Between 1869 and 1873 he was a prominent advocate in the Birmingham town council of the gospel of municipal reform preached by Mr Dawson, Dr Dale and Mr Bunce (of the Birmingham Post); and in 1873 his party obtained a majority, and he was elected mayor, an office he retained until June 1876.
The period of his mayoralty was one of historic importance in the growth of modern Birmingham.
But the great work carried through by Mr Chamberlain for Birmingham was the municipalization of the supply of gas and water, and the improvement scheme by which slums were cleared away and forty acres laid out in new streets and open spaces.
The prosperity of modern Birmingham dates from 1875 and 1876, when these admirably administered reforms were initiated, and by his share in them Mr Chamberlain became not only one of its most popular citizens but also a man of mark outside.
His hobby for orchid-growing at his house "Highbury" near Birmingham also became famous.
It may be added here that the interest taken by him in Birmingham remained undiminished during his life, and he was largely instrumental in starting the Birmingham University (1900), of which he became chancellor.
His connexion with Birmingham University was indeed peculiarly appropriate to his character as a man of business; but in spite of his representing a departure among men of the front rank in politics from the "Eton and Oxford" type, his general culture sometimes surprised those who did not know him.
In 1876 Mr Dixon resigned his seat in parliament, and Mr Chamberlain was returned for Birmingham in his place unopposed, as John Bright's colleague.
In June 1885 he made a speech at Birmingham, treating the reforms just mentioned as the "ransom" that property must pay to society for the security it enjoys - for which Lord Iddesleigh called him "Jack Cade"; and he continually urged the Liberal party to take up these Radical measures.
At the general election of November 1885 Mr Chamberlain was returned for West Birmingham.
At Birmingham Mr Chamberlain was supported by the "Two Thousand," but deserted by the "Caucus" and Mr Schnadhorst.
The general election, however, returned to parliament 316 Conservatives, 78 Liberal Unionists, and only 276 Gladstonians and Nationalists, Birmingham returning seven Unionist members.
He returned to England in March 1888, and was presented with the freedom of the borough of Birmingham.
At the general election of 1892 Mr Chamberlain was again returned, with an increased majority, for West Birmingham; but the Unionist party as a whole came back with only 315 members against 355 Home Rulers.
He carried with him into the ministry his close Birmingham municipal associates, Mr Jesse Collings (as under secretary of the home office), and Mr J.
The elections of 1900 (when he was again returned, unopposed, for West Birmingham) turned upon the individuality of a single minister more than any since the days of Mr Gladstone's ascendancy, and Mr Chamberlain, never conspicuous for inclination to turn his other cheek to the smiter,was not slow to return the blows with interest.
On the 13th of February 1902 he was presented with an address in a gold casket by the city corporation, and entertained at luncheon at the Mansion House, an honour not unconnected with the strong feeling recently aroused by his firm reply (at Birmingham, January II) to some remarks made by Count von Billow, the German chancellor, in the Reichstag (January 8), reflecting the offensive allegations current in Germany against the conduct of the army in South Africa.
This idea, which had for some time been floating in Mr Chamberlain's mind (see especially his speech at Birmingham of May 16, 1902), now took full possession of it.
The first public intimation of his views was given in a speech to his constituents at Birmingham (May 15, 1903), when he outlined a plan for raising more money by a rearranged tariff, partly to obtain a preferential system for the empire and partly to produce funds for social reform at home.
On October 20th he spoke at Newcastle, on the 21st at Tynemouth, on the 27th at Liverpool, insisting that free-trade had never been a working-class measure and that it could not be reconciled with trade-unionism; on November 4th at Birmingham, on the 10th at Cardiff, on the 21st at Newport, and on December 16th at Leeds.
At the crushing Unionist defeat in the general election which followed in January 1906, Mr Chamberlain was triumphantly returned for West Birmingham, and all the divisions of Birmingham returned Chamberlainite members.
Though encouragement was given to the idea that he might return to the House of Commons, where he continued to retain his seat for Birmingham, he was quite incapacitated for any public work; and this invalid condition was protracted throughout 1907, 1908 and 1909.
An English house, founded in 1847 at Birmingham, is celebrated as the place at which Cardinal Newman fixed his abode after his submission to the Roman Catholic Church.
At the close of 1847 he returned to England as an Oratorian, and resided first at Maryvale (near Oscott); then at St Wilfrid's College, Cheadle; then at St Ann's, Alcester Street, Birmingham; and finally at Edgbaston, where spacious premises were built for the community, and where (except for four years in Ireland) he lived a secluded life for nearly forty years.
In 1859 he established, in connexion with the Birmingham Oratory, a school for the education of the sons of gentlemen on lines similar to those of the English public schools, an important work in which he never ceased to take the greatest interest.
His portrait by Ouless is at the Birmingham Oratory, and his portrait by Millais is in the possession of the duke of Norfolk, a replica being at the London Oratory.
Extraction by means o carbon bisulphide was first introduced in 1843 by Jesse Fisher of Birmingham.
In the transference to Oxford under that name of Spring Hill College, Birmingham, he took a considerable part, and he has exercised influence not only over generations of his own students, but also over a large number of undergraduates in the university generally.
after-hours jam session at Birmingham's legendary Cedar Club in February 1966.
To make quot Birmingham ala area flow your drivers.
South Birmingham Health Authority (1991) Getting it together annual Report of the Director of Public Health.
In a removal job at a large Birmingham store airborne asbestos outside the work area was measured at 400 times the permitted level.
His excuse is that Mother Nature launched an unprovoked assault on Birmingham.
The Birmingham Post - Monday 24th September 2001 Article regarding a student at Aston being questioned in connection with the terror attacks in America.
The target for raised attainment in numeracy for Birmingham at the end of Key Stage 2 in 2002 is 75% .
There was without doubt a patronizing attitude to those clubs located on the chillier side of Birmingham.
He said there seemed to be a " cultural barricade " around Birmingham and a reluctance to accept ideas from elsewhere.
A journey to the new Birmingham HQ of Keane Brands surely beckoned.
The campaign included billboards in Birmingham, Coventry and Dudley as well as posters in local newspapers.
Metro-Cammell of Birmingham entered the bus bodybuilding market in 1930 with a patented design of all-metal construction.
The first of Remploy's high-street branches are opening in Birmingham, Plymouth and Leeds.
brickyard laborer, was born in Birmingham on 8th October, 1857.
I love Birmingham, it's a very cosmopolitan city.
Will Birmingham City continue with their dominance of the Derby clashes?
Birmingham Post - Monday 13th August 2001 The article entitled ' clearing path to university ' lists Aston's clearing hotline.
collaboraterch project may be undertaken in Birmingham or in one of a number of collaborating research institutes throughout the UK.
collaborateting partners met in Birmingham in June 2004 for the first international steering group meeting.
A Study of the Chemistry of Exhaled breath condensate This project is in collaboration with Prof. Jon Ayres at Birmingham Heartlands Hospital.
Birmingham central library is set to move from its inverted cone, for pastures new.
skip the content and go to the main contact details for Birmingham university President's introduction This is your charter.
During the Opening Ceremony of the 27th European cystic fibrosis Conference 2004, in Birmingham, Dr. Littlewood was awarded both the above honors.
Emirates (0870 243 2222; www.emirates.com) flies daily from Birmingham, Gatwick, Heathrow, Manchester and Glasgow via Dubai and Sydney.
Left-back Clapham, 30, has signed a two-year deal at Molineux after being released by Birmingham City at the end of last season.
In 1864 Nottingham and Birmingham had sent a joint deputation to the Home Secretary urging the creation of regional drainage boards.
The honorable Member for Birmingham had made a very dexterous speech, a skillful evolution in favor of the middle classes.
This Birmingham glass and steel building with an eye-shaped plan, has a positive impact disproportionate to its size.
Concerns that couples with something to hide might turn to DIY divorce procedures have also been expressed by Birmingham Law Society members.
DJ for hire in london Birmingham "?
McGregor had moved to Birmingham to seek his fortune and opened a linen draper 's shop near Villa Park.
Joseph Chamberlain - the great reforming Mayor of Birmingham - built his own suburban dreamland (' Highbury ') in leafy Ed gbaston.
earls court london the NEC birmingham national exhibition center and manchester Gmex.
Goal of the Week is awarded to Arsenal's Sylvain Wiltord for his stunning solo effort against Birmingham.
Based from modern, cutting edge Birmingham city center office, you will be joining a dynamic, fast paced and highly energetic team.
The cities of Birmingham, Bristol, Southampton and London are all approximately equidistant from Oxford.
Mosques in Birmingham have had excrement put through their letter boxes.
Wide benefits 7. For road users, there could be many potential advantages in a tolled expressway linking Birmingham and Manchester.
flautists since worked as a freelance professional flutist and private flute teacher based in Birmingham.
It is part of an attempt to revive the fortunes of central Birmingham.
Birmingham is in there, but so is arch-rival Manchester - both of them considered front-runners.
Oliver, raised in the Midlands, has a slight Birmingham accent, tho his natural gentility is indicated by his manners.
Industry cannot wait until 2020 for improvements to the motorway network, such as the M6 north of Birmingham which is already gridlocked daily.
have to say that the buffet they provided in Birmingham was much nicer than the one in our office!
Two years ago they left the Welsh capital heartbroken following their penalty shoot-out defeat by Birmingham in the play-off final.
He has honorary Degrees from Leeds Metropolitan, Birmingham, Middlesex Universities and Southampton Institute.
We drove all around Birmingham and tooted the horn at people in the street!
This is where the world's Industrial Revolution began in earnest, a direct result of James Brindley's Birmingham Canal.
journalism career on the Birmingham Gazette, then on the Birmingham Post.
national Junior League Birmingham and Tamworth, Results and report.
In the country around Birmingham, the word scratching sometimes meant a specific dish of diced, fried lard eaten with pepper and salt.
lavage used in Birmingham.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of a technique for peritoneal lavage used in Birmingham.
makeweight in a deal that saw Clinton Morrison sold to Birmingham.
The venue's new general manager is Carl Bathgate, previously based at the Carling Academy Birmingham.
Bullring Birmingham Commission The scale of work ranges from small bronze maquettes up to very large outdoor sculpture of monumental proportions.
The Birmingham team has also kindly offered to host a future meeting of the new working group on Near Eastern text markup.
In 1977 the Birmingham Mint issued a set of 26 silver medallions, one for each year of the queen's reign.
Quot that puts birmingham auto insurance jersey mercury new ala area.
migrated northward toward Birmingham in search of work, and on the way met the Docker sisters.
moribund deal market in Birmingham.
motorcar factory, Larry studied at the College of Arts & Crafts in Birmingham.
We did not omit the work of Birmingham on grounds of spite or wilful neglect.
He also runs an MSc in clinical neuropsychiatry from the University of Birmingham.
neurosurgery unit at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham.
However, in 1845, the Birmingham Festival Committee wrote to him, asking him to write a new oratorio for the 1846 Festival.
Earlier this year Rosie organized a Music Day in Birmingham for teachers and parents of children with Down syndrome, which was hugely oversubscribed.
The other pathfinders cover Newcastle and Gateshead, south Yorkshire, Hull and east Yorkshire, the Potteries, and Birmingham and Sandwell.
pavilion block layout designed by WH Ward of Birmingham.
However, in 1992 I joined the orchestra of the Birmingham Royal Ballet as principal piccolo and education started to take a back seat.
They will then head straight to Birmingham for final preparations for the concert at Symphony Hall next Thursday.
And the deafening noise the Birmingham City fans as they clinched promotion to the Premiership via the play-offs.
puli judge for Birmingham National in May.
rehearse weekly in central Birmingham on Tuesdays - 6.30 to 8.30pm.
Business brief roundup - Birmingham News Business brief roundup Birmingham News, AL - 14 hours ago.. .
acid samba was something I'd wanted to try since I started play batucada in Birmingham in the late 1980s.
Birmingham Friends of the Earth campaigners and four life-size anti-GM scarecrows petition the public in the city center.
self-inflicted pain from two Nottingham-based teams, this time in Birmingham.
self-propelled road vehicles, from the Crystal Palace, London, to Birmingham.
Museum prize shortlist unveiled BBC Birmingham, UK - .. .
Imagine trying to create an urban beach amid the huge sprawl of the NEC in Birmingham.
Hull, Birmingham and Nottingham have now stepped-up their game to make sure the people they serve do not lose out.
studystudied for the priesthood at Oscott College, Birmingham, and was ordained on January 17, 1976.
support group in Birmingham.
To find out, PN attended a support group in Birmingham.
Dr. Karim Raza, Clinical lecturer in Rheumatology, University of Birmingham how quickly is rheumatoid synovitis established?
It was during the scandal of the Birmingham Six that I decided I wanted to do something tangible.
By Air Birmingham International Airport is well served by both bus and rail links, as well as by black cab taxis.
Last time I went to Selfridges in Birmingham in spent nearly a tenner on a massive bag!
Birmingham finished third, with Solihull providing 4 out of the 7 team members.
intercity trains to Euston (53 minutes) and to Birmingham.
Robert has come a long way since his days as a member of the highly successful Birmingham acoustic jazz trio, Swans Way.
The dragnet extended to Birmingham where one man was arrested under terror laws but later released uncharged.
understudyspan>also understudied and played the lead role of Bill Snibson in Me and My Girl at The Birmingham Alexandra.
venue situated in the refurbished neo-gothic Oozells Street School building in Brindleyplace, central Birmingham.
I have been principal viola in the Sinfonia of Birmingham for some years.
Joan Bird writes: Samuel's brother Thomas was a pork butcher and married widow, Thirza Bradley in Birmingham in 1844.
BIRMINGHAM, a city and the county-seat of Jefferson county, Alabama, U.S.A., in the north-central part of the state, 96 m.
In the decade 1890-1900 the value of the products of Birmingham's manufactories increased 78.9% from $7,064,248 to $12,581,066; in 1900 establishments under the "factory system" produced goods valued at $8,599,418, in 1905 at $7,592,958, a decrease of 11.7%.
During his residence in Birmingham, Messrs Chance being makers of glass for use in lighthouse lamps, his attention was naturally turned to problems of lighthouse illumination, and he was able to devise improvements in both the catoptric and dioptric methods for concentrating and directing the beam.
The most important centres of the craft were London, Bristol, Birmingham and Waterford (see Plate I., fig.
In some domes, for instance in a dome at the university of Birmingham, a sound from one end of a diameter is heard very much more loudly quite close to the other end of the diameter than elsewhere, but in St Paul's Lord Rayleigh found that " the abnormal loudness with which a whisper is heard is not confined to the position diametrically opposite to that occupied by the whisperer, and therefore, it would appear, does not depend materially upon the symmetry of the dome.
A very large field is also opening for cast-lead work, whether associated with architecture, as in the leaden covered-way over Northumberland Street, in London (see Plate), and the fine rain-water heads of the Birmingham Law Courts (see Plate), or with the revival of the use of metal statuary and vases in gardens.
Dr John Roebuck (1718-1794), of Birmingham, replaced the glass vessels by leaden ones, thereby laying the foundation of the modern method of manufacture (see below).
During 1877 the new federation of Liberal Associations which became known as the "Caucus" was started under Mr Chamberlain's influence in Birmingham - its secretary, Mr Schnadhorst, quickly making himself felt as a wire-puller of exceptional ability; and the new organization had a remarkable effect in putting life into the Liberal party, which since Mr Gladstone's retirement in 1874 had been much in need of a stimulus.
In December it was stated that Mr Gladstone intended to propose Home Rule for Ireland, and in January Lord Salisbury's ministry was defeated on the Address, on an amendment moved by Mr Chamberlain's Birmingham henchman, Mr Jesse Collings (b.
Even in what Mr Chamberlain called his "Radical days" he had never supported the "Manchester" view of the value of a colonial empire; and during the Gladstone ministry of1882-1885Mr Bright had remarked that the junior member for Birmingham was the only Jingo in the cabinet - meaning, no doubt, that he objected to the policy of laissez-faire and the timidity of what was afterwards known as "Little Englandism."
In March 2001 he made his Symphony Hall, Birmingham recital debut to critical acclaim.
We rehearse weekly in central Birmingham on Tuesdays - 6.30 to 8.30pm.
The people of Birmingham proved resilient in the face of the Blitz.
A Birmingham newspaperÃ¢s poll also revealed more than 50 per cent expect Villa to be fighting relegation again.
Business brief roundup - Birmingham News Business brief roundup Birmingham News, AL - 14 hours ago...
Acid samba was something I 'd wanted to try since I started play batucada in Birmingham in the late 1980s.
Read more... Mountain Mayhem 2003 21 Jun 2003 More self-inflicted pain from two Nottingham-based teams, this time in Birmingham.
In 1896 the car was entered in a race for self-propelled road vehicles, from the Crystal Palace, London, to Birmingham.
There is a long term commitment, from all of our partners, to work toward making Birmingham a self-sustaining literate and numerate city.
Museum prize shortlist unveiled BBC Birmingham, UK -...
The first great impulse given to Birmingham was the substitution of coal for wood in the smelting of iron.
However, the Birmingham Canal Company were not about to let anybody sneak into their territory and steal away with their coal !
He studied for the priesthood at Oscott College, Birmingham, and was ordained on January 17, 1976.
Last time I went to Selfridges in Birmingham in spent nearly a tenner on a massive bag !
Birmingham City are the latest top-flight club to be reportedly showing an interest in Luton defender Curtis Davies.
Intercity trains to Euston (53 minutes) and to Birmingham.
Joseph also understudied and played the lead role of Bill Snibson in Me and My Girl at The Birmingham Alexandra.
Ikon Ikon Gallery is an internationally acclaimed contemporary art venue situated in the refurbished neo-gothic Oozells Street School building in Brindleyplace, central Birmingham.
Joan Bird writes: Samuel 's brother Thomas was a pork butcher and married widow, Thirza Bradley in Birmingham in 1844.
Birmingham has come near the bottom of a hall of shame for failing to integrate youngsters with disabilities.
In this exclusive interview, LTK explores this Birmingham, Alabama, entrepreneur's company.
Best known for his sarcastic characters, David Spade was born in 1964, in Birmingham, Michigan.
Playing for the Birmingham Barons, he batted .202, had 3 home-runs, 51 RBIs, and 30 stolen bases.
Studdard will be opening a new club, tentatively called "Ruben's Club 205" in Birmingham, Alabama -- the singer's hometown.
Not to be outdone, American Idol season five winner, Taylor Hicks, is also eyeing a nightclub project in Birmingham.
No details are yet available about when either of these clubs will open in Birmingham's new $50 million entertainment district, but developers hope to have the district open in summer 2009.
Cary Guffey is currently a financial planner working for Merill Lynch in Birmingham, Alabama.
This Root bottle is from the Birmingham Coca Cola Bottling Company.
American Society for Reproductive Medicine. 1209 Montgomery Highway, Birmingham, AL 35216-2809.
Another very good resource is the Birmingham Grid for Learning, especially since they offer the test in multiple languages.
For example, the Birmingham Zoo offers a variety of memberships starting at just $45 per year.
Birmingham is situated in Jones Valley, between two mountains which lie south-east and north-west of the city.
He was educated at King Edward's school, Birmingham, under James Prince Lee, afterwards bishop of Manchester, and had as contemporaries B.
On leaving Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, in 1681, he became an assistant master at the Birmingham grammarschool, and took holy orders.
She was the principal singer at his oratorio concerts, and acquired such a reputation as a vocalist that she was offered an engagement for the Birmingham festival, which, however, she declined.
The principal lines are the Illinois Central, the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley, the Southern, the Mobile & Ohio, the New Orleans & North-eastern, the Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham, the Mobile, Jackson & Kansas City, the Alabama & Vicksburg, and the Gulf & Ship Island.
In 1876, at Birmingham, the competitions were of self-delivery reapers, one-horse reapers and combined mowers and reapers without self-delivery.
In 1898, at Birmingham, a prize of £ioo was given for a self-moving vehicle for light loads, ioo and 50 for self-moving vehicles for heavy loads, and fio for safety feeder to chaff-cutter, in accordance with the Chaffcutting Machines (Accidents) Act 1897.
The Worcester-Shrewsbury line of the Great Western is here joined by lines east from Birmingham and west from Tenbury.
In 1780 he parted company with his patron, who allowed him an annuity of £150 for life, and settling at Birmingham was appointed junior minister of the New Meeting Society.
On the 14th of July 1791 the Constitutional Society of Birmingham arranged a dinner to celebrate the anniversary of the fall of the Bastille.
It is served by the Southern, the Central of Georgia, the Georgia, the Seaboard Air Line, the Nashville, Chattanooga & St Louis (which enters the city over the Western & Atlantic, one of its leased lines), the Louisville & Nashville, the Atlanta, Birmingham & Atlantic, and the Atlanta & West Point railways.
So great a success was scored that other shows were held in the same year at Birmingham and Edinburgh; while the Cleveland Agricultural Society also established a show of foxhounds at Redcar, the latter being the forerunner of that very fine show of hounds which is now held at Peterborough every summer and is looked upon as the out-of-season society gathering of hunting men and women.
Mr Brailsford was the secretary of the show at Birmingham, and he had classes for pointers, English and Irish setters, retrievers and Clumber spaniels.
Another big success was scored, and the National Dog Show Society was established for the purpose of holding a show of sporting dogs in Birmingham every winter.
In 1865 a show was held in Paris, and after the National Dog Club - not the Birmingham society - had failed, as the result of a disastrous show at the Crystal Palace, a further exhibition was arranged to be held in June 1870 under the management of G.
United Kingdom, no fewer than 519 being held in 1905, the actual number of dogs which were entered at the leading fixtures being: Kennel Club show 1789, Cruft's 1768, Ladies' Kennel Association 1306, Manchester 1190, Edinburgh 896 and Birmingham 892.
In 1903 there was established at Woodbrooke, an estate at Selly Oak on the outskirts of Birmingham, a permanent settlement for men and women, for the study of these questions on modern lines.
The movement began in Birmingham in 1845, in an attempt Educa- to help the loungers at street corners; reading and tion.
It is served by the Mobile & Ohio and the Southern railways; and by a branch of the Illinois Central connecting Jackson, Miss., and Birmingham, Ala.
He was educated at King Edward VI.'s school, Birmingham, under James Prince Lee, afterwards bishop of Manchester, and amongst his school-fellows were B.F.
In 1848 Bontemps was obliged to leave France for political reasons and came to England, where he initiated the optical glass manufacture at Chance's glass works near Birmingham, and this firm ultimately attained a considerable reputation in the production of optical glass, especially of large disks for telescope objectives.
The name " patent plate " arose from the fact that certain patented devices originated by James Chance of Birmingham first made it possible to polish comparatively thin glass in this way.
Glass-cutting was carried on at works in Birmingham, Bristol, Belfast, Cork, Dublin, Glasgow, London, Newcastle, Stourbridge, Whittington and Waterford.
In England the chief centres of the industry were Bristol, Birmingham, London, Manchester, Newcastle, Stourbridge and York.
William Bragge of Birmingham published in 1880 a revised bibliography of the subject, Bibliotheca nicotiana, extending to 248 quarto pages.
of Birmingham, Pop. (1901) 34,670.
Among his most important canvases must be reckoned "The Pilot Cutter" in 1866, "The Salmon Poachers" in 1869, "The Lifeboat" in 1876, "Highland Pastures" in 1878, "The Beached Margent of the Sea" in 1880, "The Newhaven Packet" (bought by the Birmingham Corporation), and "Catspaws off the Land" (bought by the Chantrey Fund trustees); in 1885, "Mount's Bay" (bought by the Manchester Corporation) in 1886, "Nearing the Needles" in 1888, "Machrihanish Bay, Cantyre," in 1892, "Hove-to for a Pilot" in 1893, and "Glen Orchy," a landscape, in 1895.
During 1837-1846 he was employed as an engineer on the London & Birmingham railway; 1848-1853 as sub-editor of the Economist.
In 1893 the borough of Birmingham, on the opposite side of the Naugatuck, was annexed to Derby, and Derby was chartered as a city.
Consecrated at the pro-cathedral at Moorfields (since destroyed) by Dr Ullathorne, bishop of Birmingham (June 8, 1865), and enthroned there (Nov.
At the village of Birmingham, 3 m.
"WILL THORNE (1857-), British Labour politician, was born at Birmingham Oct.
He founded a religious community at Birmingham, called Wilfridians, which was ultimately merged in the oratory of St Philip Neri, with John Henry Newman as Superior.
In Birmingham in particular this system became highly developed and was long in use.
Steam-power was applied to them by Matthew Boulton and Watt in Birmingham in 1788, and was adopted by the Royal Mint, London, in 1810.
Copper coins were struck by Boulton at Soho, Birmingham, 4 H.
There is another mint in Birmingham worked by a private company (" The Mint, Birmingham, Limited "), where coinages for foreign governments are executed and in addition silver and bronze colonial coins are occasionally manufactured under the supervision of the London Mint.
Dale of Birmingham, the most influential Congregationalist in the closing decades of the 19th century, in whom lived afresh the high Congregationalism of the early Separatists.
After dinner father went to Birmingham on train far away.
Near Rhayader are the large reservoirs constructed (1895) by the corporation of Birmingham in the Elan and Claerwen valleys.
One of the steepest gradients in England on an important line is the Lickey incline at Bromsgrove, on the Midland railway between Birmingham and Gloucester, where the slope is 1 in 37 for two miles.
In 1886 Spring Hill College, Birmingham, was transplanted to Oxford, where it was refounded under the title of Mansfield College, purely for the post-graduate study of theology (first principal, Dr. A M.
Birmingham, situated in an immensely rich iron, coal and limestone region, is the principal manufacturing centre in the state, and the most important centre for the production and manufacture of iron in the southern states.
In Jefferson county there were in 1900 more than 300 mining and manufacturing establishments, engaged, chiefly, in the production of iron, coal and coke, and a majority of these are in Birmingham and its suburban towns.
In 1900 the Birmingham district produced six-sevenths of the total pig iron exported from the United States, and in 1902 nine-tenths of Alabama's coal, coke and pig iron; in 1905 Jefferson county produced 67.5% of the total iron and steel product of the state, and 62.5% of the pig iron produced by the state.
Birmingham, England >>
ASTON MANOR, a municipal and parliamentary borough of Warwickshire, England, adjoining Birmingham on the north-east.
It stands in a large park, the whole property being acquired by the corporation of Birmingham in 1864, when the mansion became a museum and art gallery.
It contains the panelling of a room from the house of Edmund Hector, which formerly stood in Old Square, Birmingham, where Dr Samuel Johnson was a frequent visitor.
Between London and Birmingham a paper cable 116 m long and consisting of 72 copper conductors, each weighing 150 lb per statute mile, was laid in 1900.
Thus between London and Manchester only four sets of apparatus could be worked, but between London and Birmingham, a shorter distance, six sets (the maximum for which the system is adapted) were used.
8 Birmingham), weighing 435 lb per mile and having a resistance of 2.05 ohms per mile.
of Birmingham by the Midland railway.
Addresses were presented to him at Southampton, Birmingham and other towns; he was officially entertained by the lord mayor of London; at each place he pleaded the cause of his unhappy country.
It has also been conferred during the closing years of the 19th century by letters patent on other cities - Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol, Sheffield, Leeds, Cardiff, Bradford, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Belfast, Cork.
It is served by the Southern, the Louisville & Nashville, the Seaboard Air Line, the Central of Georgia, the Alabama Great Southern (of the Queen & Crescent Route), the Illinois Central, the Atlanta, Birmingham & Atlantic, the Birmingham Southern (for freight only), and the Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham (Frisco system) railways.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.