As division proceeds, the filamentous nature of this cytoplasm becomes more prominent and the threads begin either to converge towards the poles of the nucleus, to form a bipolar spindle, or may converge towards, or radiate from, several different points, to form a multipolar spindle.
One of the fragments may again be broken, and again two bipolar magnets will be produced; and the operation may be repeated, at least in imagination, till we arrive at molecular magnitudes and can go no farther.
We may note that it was long since shown that the apical organ (at first assumed to be the brain) of these larvae was innervated from an anterior thickening of the circular nerve ring, corresponding with the brain of Rotifers; the nerve cells immediately below the pit are the ordinary bipolar From H.
Psychologists and psychiatrists typically use the criteria listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) as a guideline for diagnosis of bipolar disorder and other mental illnesses.
The trial was of four months duration and compared omega-3 fatty acids versus olive oil in 30 patients with bipolar disorder.
bipolar transistor dies the " heat death " .
bipolar disorder - what should I do?
bipolar depression go into mild or severe mania.
After clicking on the link you can see the stated purpose which reads, "The purpose of this study is to identify genes that may affect a person's chances of developing bipolar (BP) disorder and related conditions."
Underlying conditions that might affect recovery from school phobia include Tourette syndrome, attention deficit disorder (ADD), depression, bipolar mental illness, panic disorder, or other anxiety disorders and phobias.
In addition, because hypomanic episodes are characterized by high energy and goal-directed activities and often result in a positive outcome or are perceived in a positive manner by the patient, bipolar II disorder can go undiagnosed.
In addition, some studies have indicated that children who develop bipolar disorder in adolescence are more likely to develop a substance abuse problem than those who have early-onset of bipolar disorder in childhood.
Education in the form of psychotherapy or self-help groups is crucial for training bipolar patients and their caregivers to recognize signs of mania and depression and to take an active part in their treatment program.
While creativity itself is not a sign of mental illness, parents should be aware that there is a much higher degree of mental illness, especially depression and bipolar disorder, in creative children than in their less creative peers.
bipolar device is shown above.
Kathy Reichs seems to have become bipolar: unlike Patricia Cornwall who went into a long plummet of quality, she alternates.
bipolar (affective) disorderg on to develop bipolar disorder is 1 in 100.
bipolar (affective) disorderpolar disorder - what should I do?
bipolar (affective) disorderibitory activity of diverse mood stabilizers suggests that bipolar disorder represents a further indication for this therapeutic class.
bipolar (affective) disorderlocus determining risk of bipolar affective disorder.
confronted by the bipolar ideological realities of the cold war, Haydon found himself fighting on what he saw as the wrong side.
Someone close to me has bipolar disorder - what should I do?
dopamine D2 receptors, which may play a role in bipolar disorder, are also involved in mediating suppression of the immune system.
At this eccentricity, three midget bipolar cells synapse with the midget ganglion cell.
These include lithium carbonate (for bipolar disorder) and amiodarone (for heart rhythm abnormalities ).
magnetic flux associated with bipolar magnetic region tilts and latitudes.
Long-term evolution of the open solar magnetic flux associated with bipolar magnetic region tilts and latitudes.
Evaluating the efficacy of atypical antipsychotics in bipolar mania.
Many people taking it for undiagnosed bipolar depression go into mild or severe mania.
mood stabilizers suggests that bipolar disorder represents a further indication for this therapeutic class.
olive oil in 30 patients with bipolar disorder.
one per cent of the population suffer from bipolar effective disorder at some point in their lives.
It also has the spectral signature of a miniature bipolar outflow.
peptidase activities decrease in treated bipolar disorder not schizophrenic patients.
Bipolar lobes many planetary nebulae have a pronounced spreading along an axis.
reflection coefficients of -1 and 1, a bipolar MLS diffuser produces better scattering.
This facilitation begins with the recognition of the bipolar nature of biblical revelation.
The CB5 lead is another bipolar lead which has one electrode positioned at V5 and the other over the right scapula.
someone close to me has bipolar disorder - what should I do?
suffer from bipolar effective disorder at some point in their lives.
The result is that the bipolar transistor dies the " heat death " .
However, one double-blind treatment trial has been conducted in bipolar disorder.
People with bipolar disorder should avoid supplements containing vanadium until more is known.
the mesogloea is more abun dantly developed in the free-swimming forms, and contains special mesogloeal corpuscles, derived by immigration from the ectoderm, and generally occurring in the form of stellate or bipolar cells.
By forming a device with reflection coefficients of -1 and 1, a bipolar MLS diffuser produces better scattering.
Bipolar disorder occurs, on average, 6 years earlier than unipolar depression.
The course will cover switching delays occurring in bipolar and unipolar semiconductor devices.
As you may have noticed, some of the symptoms of this disorder are also common in individuals who suffer from depression, substance abuse disorder, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder and eating disorder.
Also known as bipolar disorder, this condition has no known cause.
Although bipolar disorder occurs equally in both genders, women with the condition are more prone to rapid mood swings.
Doctors who treat bipolar patients are hesitant to prescribe an antidepressant alone, since this can sometimes push a person into a manic state.
Depakote, Tegretol, Lamictal, Neurontin, and Topamax are the most common anticonvulsant medications for bipolar patients.
Several studies have shown that regular psychotherapy helps stabilize moods, reduce hospitalizations, and improve the overall quality of life among bipolar patients.
When someone has depression along with periods of previous or current mania than the individual is diagnosed with bipolar disorder or manic depressive disorder.
It's an extensive issue; too long to cover here but to learn more about bipolar disorder and or manic depressive disorder you can read the DSM-IV.
Typing in, "Bipolar disorder, Oregon" would be one example.
Just by typing in "bipolar" you'd see that there are currently 168 trials recruiting participants.
For instance, "Evaluation of the Genetics of Bipolar Disorder" is recruiting.
Bipolar Disorder: Sufferers of a bipolar disorder seesaw through periods of depression and mania.
People might receive a diagnosis of manic depression or bipolar disorder if they cycle between depression and mania.
The person has a personality disorder, is bipolar or has another psychiatric disorder.
People who suffer from bipolar disorder, depression and personality disorders are most likely to exhibit compulsive lying as a symptom of their illness.
People with Bipolar Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may also have issues with compulsive lying.
During the manic phase of bipolar disorder, the person feels elated.
Police then caught up with Rob a few blocks away on his motorcycle, claiming that he never touched her and left the house to get away from his "bipolar" wife and not to evade the police.
In 2011, Zeta-Jones made her diagnosis of bipolar II disorder public.
This includes bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder and depression.
Lithium-A medication prescribed to treat the manic (excited) phases of bipolar disorder.
Counseling may help to uncover any underlying conditions such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD), bipolar disorder, or learning disabilities.
Depression also can occur in bipolar disorder, an affective mental illness that causes radical emotional changes and mood swings, from manic highs to depressive lows.
The majority of bipolar individuals experience alternating episodes of mania and depression.
Psychomotor retardation-Slowed mental and physical processes characteristic of a bipolar depressive episode.
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA). 730 N.
Diagnosis may require psychiatric expertise to rule out such conditions as oppositional defiant disorder, bipolar disorder, or ADHD.
Primary mood disorders (bipolar), personality disorders, and the role of learned behavior can influence the likelihood that a person will become substance dependent.
Affective disorders such as depression (major, dysthymic) and bipolar disorders.
For disorders such as major depression or bipolar disorder, which may have psychosocial aspects but also have known organic causes, drug therapy is a primary treatment approach.
Bipolar disorder-A severe mental illness, also known as manic depression, in which a person has extreme mood swings, ranging from a highly excited state, sometimes with a false sense of well being, to depression.
See also Anorexia nervosa; Bipolar disorder; Depressive disorders.
"The Importance of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors in Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, and Tourette's Syndrome."
Kant, R., et al. "The Off-Label Use of Clozapine in Adolescents with Bipolar Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder."
Bipolar, or manic-depressive disorder, is a mood disorder that causes radical emotional changes and mood swings, from manic highs to depressive lows.
Bipolar I disorder is characterized by manic episodes, the "high" of the manic-depressive cycle.
Usually this manic period is followed by a period of depression, although a few bipolar I individuals may not experience a major depressive episode.
Mixed states, where both manic or hypomanic symptoms and depressive symptoms occur at the same time, also occur frequently with bipolar I patients (for example, depression with the racing thoughts of mania).
Bipolar II disorder is characterized by major depressive episodes alternating with episodes of hypomania, a milder form of mania.
Bipolar depression may be difficult to distinguish from a unipolar major depressive episode.
One third of patients with cyclothymia develop bipolar I or II disorder later in life.
A phenomenon known as rapid cycling occurs in up to 20 percent of bipolar I and II patients.
Bipolar NOS is a category for bipolar states that do not clearly fit into the bipolar I, II, or cyclothymia diagnoses.
According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, up to one third of American children and adolescents diagnosed with depression develop early onset bipolar disorder.
The average age of onset of bipolar disorder is from adolescence through the early twenties.
The cause of bipolar disorder had not as of 2004 been clearly defined.
Because two thirds of bipolar patients have a family history of affective or emotional disorders, researchers have searched for a genetic link to the disorder.
Several studies have uncovered a number of possible genetic connections to the predisposition for bipolar disorder.
A 2003 study found that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder could have similar genetic causes that arise from certain problems with genes associated with myelin development in the central nervous system.
Another possible biological cause under investigation is the presence of an excessive calcium build-up in the cells of bipolar patients.
Dopamine and other neurochemical transmitters appear to be implicated in bipolar disorder, and these are under investigation as well.
Over one-half of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder have a history of substance abuse, which may be an issue in adolescent patients.
There is a high rate of association between cocaine abuse and bipolar disorder.
Some studies have shown up to 30 percent of abusers meet the criteria for bipolar disorder.
The emotional and physical highs and lows of cocaine use correspond to the manic depression of the bipolar patient, making the disorder difficult to diagnose.
For some bipolar patients, manic and depressive episodes coincide with seasonal changes.
Symptoms of bipolar depressive episodes include low energy levels, feelings of despair, difficulty concentrating, extreme fatigue, and psychomotor retardation (slowed mental and physical capabilities).
When symptoms of bipolar disorder are present, a child should be taken to a qualified medical healthcare professional as soon as possible for evaluation.
Bipolar disorder usually is diagnosed and treated by a psychiatrist and/or a psychologist.
In addition to an interview with the child and her parents, several clinical inventories or scales may be used to assess the patient's mental status and determine the presence of bipolar symptoms.
Bipolar symptoms often present differently in children and adolescents.
Bipolar children are easily distracted, impulsive, and hyperactive, which can lead to a misdiagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Substance abuse can mask or mimic the presence of bipolar disorder and can make diagnosis more difficult in adolescents.
The manic and depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder are usually controlled by a combination of prescription medications, including lithium, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, and antidepressants.
Lithium (Cibalith-S, Eskalith, Lithane, Lithobid, Lithonate, Lithotabs) is one of the oldest and most frequently prescribed drugs available for the treatment of adult bipolar mania and depression.
Lithium also has been shown to be effective in regulating bipolar depression, but is not recommended for mixed mania.
The drug has also been a useful prophylactic, or preventative treatment, in some bipolar patients.
Olanzapine (Zyprexa) was approved in 2003 for use in combination with lithium or valproate for treatment of acute manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder.
In 2004 it received additional approval for long-term maintenance of bipolar disorder.
Quetiapine (Seroquel) was approved by the FDA in 2004 for the treatment of acute mania associated with bipolar disorder.
Ziprasidone (Geodon) is a schizophrenia drug that is often prescribed to treat bipolar mania.
Valproate (divalproex sodium, or Depakote; valproic acid, or Depakene) is one of the few drugs available that has been proven effective in treating rapid cycling bipolar and mixed states patients.
A 2003 study found that the risk of suicide from death is about two and one half times higher in people with bipolar disorder taking divalproex than those taking lithium.
Gabapentin (Neurontin) has been prescribed by some physicians for the treatment of bipolar disorder, although there is no conclusive clinical evidence as to its effectiveness.
The drug often is used to treat bipolar patients who have not responded well to lithium therapy.
Clinical trials continue as of 2004 in an attempt to obtain FDA approval of carbamazepine for use in bipolar treatment.
A University of Cincinnati one-year study of the drug in patients with bipolar I disorder found that it provided sustained relief of depressive symptoms.
Because antidepressants may stimulate manic episodes in some bipolar children and teens, their use is typically short-term.
Some researchers have hypothesized that the use of antidepressants for depression may even trigger bipolar disorder in children who are genetically predisposed.
When antidepressants are prescribed for episodes of bipolar depression, they are usually selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or, less often, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO inhibitors).
Tricyclic antidepressants used to treat unipolar depression may trigger rapid cycling in bipolar patients and are, therefore, not a preferred treatment option for bipolar depression.
The exact neurochemical mechanism of the drug is not known, but it has been effective in regulating bipolar depression in some patients.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has a high success rate for treating both unipolar and bipolar depression and mania.
In bipolar patients, ECT is often used in conjunction with drug therapy.
Calcium channel blockers stop the excess calcium build up in cells that is thought to be a cause of bipolar disorder.
Because bipolar disorder is thought to be biological in nature, therapy and/or counseling is recommended as a companion to, but not a substitute for, pharmaceutical treatment of the disease.
A 2003 report revealed that people on medication for bipolar disorder had better results if they also participated in family-focused therapy.
Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a new and still experimental treatment for the depressive phase of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder is a chronic recurrent illness in over 90 percent of those afflicted, and one that requires lifelong observation and treatment after diagnosis.
Patients with untreated or inadequately treated bipolar disorder have a suicide rate of 15 to 25 percent and a nine-year decrease in life expectancy.
With proper treatment, the life expectancy of the bipolar patient will increase by nearly seven years and work productivity increases by 10 years.
According to the American Psychiatric Association, bipolar children and adolescents experiencing a manic episode have a one-year recovery rate of 37.1 percent and a relapse rate of 38.3 percent.
Discontinuing lithium treatment too early may increase the risk of relapse in adolescents with bipolar disorder.
Children and teens with bipolar disorder are at a greater risk for substance abuse than their non-bipolar peers, and substance abuse can worsen or complicate bipolar treatment.
The ongoing medical management of bipolar disorder is critical for preventing relapse, or recurrence, of manic episodes.
Even in carefully controlled treatment programs, bipolar patients may experience recurring episodes of the disorder.
Children with bipolar disorder may require special accommodations in the classroom.
Children who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder should be reassured that the condition is due to factors beyond their control (i.e., genetics, neurochemical imbalance) rather than any fault of their own.
Any child on prescription medication for bipolar disorder should be carefully monitored for any sign of side effects, and these should be reported to their physician when they do occur.
The Bipolar Child, 2nd ed. New York: Broadway Books, 2002.
"Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Bipolar Disorder (Revision)."
"Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder Could Have Similar Genetic Causes."
"Bipolar's Clinical, Financial Impact Widely Missed.
Child and Adolescent Bipolar Foundation (CABF). 1187 Wilmette Ave., PMB #331, Wilmette, IL 60091.
A bipolar SCM release, also called a bipolar z-plasty, releases muscle where it is attached to the skull and at the collarbone.
However, there is some evidence that left-handed people may be more at risk for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or language-processing disorders, including dyslexia and stuttering.
Bipolar disorder, for example, may be misdiagnosed as AD/HD.
Among the general mood disorders are major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and dysthymia.
In classifying and diagnosing mood disorders, doctors determine if the mood disorder is unipolar or bipolar.
Bipolar depression or bipolar disorder (sometimes called manic depression) refers to a condition in which people experience two extremes in mood.
Bipolar disorder includes mania or hypomania.
It has not been tested in patients with bipolar disorder.
Cassano, Giovanni B., et al. "The Mood Spectrum in Unipolar and Bipolar Disorder: Arguments for a Unitary Approach."
Coyle, Joseph T., et al. "Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance Consensus Statement on the Unmet Needs in Diagnosis and Treatment of Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents."
Youngstrom, Eric A., et al. "Comparing the Diagnostic Accuracy of Six Potential Screening Instruments for Bipolar Disorder in Youths Aged 5 to 17 Years."
Child & Adolescent Bipolar Foundation. 1000 Skokie Blvd.
For decades, scientists have known that eminently creative individuals have a much higher rate of manic depression or bipolar disorder than does the general population.
Bipolar disease, for example, cycles between depression and euphoria, with some patients experiencing one end of the spectrum for many months or even years.
Personally, Julian Huxley had some challenges, including a couple of nervous breakdowns that landed him in the hospital where he was formally diagnosed as suffering from bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disease, also known as manic-depressive, can be very difficult for the friends and family as well as the individual with the condition.
While no cure exists for bipolar illness, with proper medical treatment most people can lead normal lives.
With bipolar individuals, emotions waver between extreme highs and lows.
Unique triggers tend to lead to this effect; so many psychiatrists work with their bipolar patients to help them determine what their triggers are and how to avoid them.
Being diagnosed with a condition such as bipolar is like having diabetes or heart disease.
A great option to start with is a bipolar support group.
If you are still struggling for help with your son's bipolar condition, visit a caregiver support group.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, 20 to 40 percent of adolescents who suffer from major depression, develop bipolar disorder within 5 years of the onslaught of depression.
More personally, Maurice has gone public in recent years about his battle with bipolar disorder, serving as a spokesperson for the National Mental Health Association.
Maurice Bernard, for example, opened up about his own bipolar disorder condition long before his character was diagnosed with it.
Craig coped with bipolar and Emma suffered from an STD.
For example, if an individual with AS has depression, anxiety or bipolar disorder, medication may treat the co-existing conditions.
Other off label uses include treatment of bipolar disorder, treatment of addictive disorders such as alcoholism and treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Different types of TAP include bipolar cautery, laser, and radio frequency.
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