The title " last of the Scholastics " is commonly given to Gabriel Biel, the summarizer of Occam's doctrine.
Is the village of Biel, where, according to some authorities, William Dunbar the poet was born.
In 1525 a religious and political league was arranged between Zurich and Constance, which in the following year was joined by St Gallen, Biel, Muhlhausen, Basel and Strassburg.
The word "doubt" has made historians think of intellectual difficulties - of the "theological scepticism" taught by Occam and Biel, of the disintegrating criticism of Humanism.
BIENNE, or Biel, an industrial town in the Swiss canton of Bern.
Bloesch, Geschichte der Stadt Biel (to 18 54), (3 vols., Biel, 1855-1856).
GABRIEL BIEL (c. scholastic philosopher, was born at Spires (Speier).
The empirical individualism of the work, tending necessarily to limit the province of reason and extend that of faith, together with scattered utterances on special points, which gained for Biel the title of Papista Antipapista, had considerable influence in giving form to the doctrines of Luther and Melanchthon.
The title Ultimus Scholasticorum is often wrongly bestowed on Biel; scholasticism did not cease with him, even in Germany, and continued to flourish long after his time in the universities of Spain.
Plitt, Gabriel Biel als Prediger (Erlangen, 1879); art.