How to use Bhs in a sentence
The BHS facade to Union St of 1971 was and remains simply a disgrace.
Excellent stabling, all year round turnout, 20 x 60 floodlit outdoor school, BHS approved.
A breath holding spell (BHS) is a reflexive response that occurs in some healthy young children, usually between the ages of about eight months and two years.
In a simple BHS the child may faint or briefly lose consciousness.
In a severe or complicated BHS, the child may have a small seizure while unconscious.Advertisement
About 60 percent of affected children have the cyanotic form of BHS, in which the skin and lips turn bluish.
About 20 percent of affected children have the pallid form of BHS in which the child turns pale.
The pallid form of BHS typically follows a frightening or painful experience.
However, some studies have suggested that boys are more susceptible and that the average onset of BHS in boys is earlier (13-18 months) compared with girls (19-24 months).
Cyanotic BHS may be a component of a temper tantrum or a child's attempt to gain control over a situation.Advertisement
In a cyanotic BHS the long exhalation following crying causes breathing to stop.
However, in some situations a child may learn how to trigger a cyanotic BHS.
In a pallid BHS the brain sends a signal via the vagus nerve that severely slows the heart rate, leading to a temporary cessation of breathing and loss of consciousness.
About 25 percent of affected children-particularly those who experience pallid BHS-have a family history of BHS or fainting.
Seizures are much more likely with the pallid form than with the cyanotic form of BHS.Advertisement
The pallid form of BHS occurs frequently.
The change in skin color and loss of consciousness with BHS occur before any seizure-type jerking.
An electroencephalogram (EEG) that records electrical activity in the brain is normal in all forms of BHS, whereas it may be abnormal with epilepsy.
The primary treatment for BHS is to reassure the parent or caregiver that the spells are completely harmless and that they usually disappear by the age of two or two-and-a-half.
The only treatment for cyanotic BHS is to not encourage or reward the behavior.Advertisement
Up to 17 percent of children with pallid BHS will experience syncope (fainting spells) as adults, usually in response to fear, injury, or emotional stress.
Families need to be reassured that BHS is not a harmful or dangerous event and that no treatment is needed.