How to use Bell-s-palsy in a sentence
Sparing of the forehead would suggest a central facial paralysis rather than Bell's palsy.
Clooney suffered from Bell's Palsy while in high school.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), a part of the National Institute of Health (NIH), defines Bell's palsy as "a form of facial paralysis resulting from damage to the seventh (facial) cranial nerve."
In the past, Bell's palsy was thought to be a highly uncommon occurrence.
The majority of Bell's palsy sufferers are adults.Advertisement
Diabetics are four times more apt to contract Bell's palsy than non-diabetics.
There is no difference in the incidence of Bell's palsy between males and females, nor does race seem to be a factor.
The number of children that contract left-sided Bell's palsy is no different from the number that get the right-sided form.
As noted previously, Bell's palsy occurs as a manifestation of the body's reaction to microbial infection of the structures surrounding the seventh cranial nerve.
As early as 1970, a study by researcher Shingo Murakami identified HSV-1 as the primary cause of Bell's palsy.Advertisement
The bacterial infection involved in Lyme disease has also been demonstrated as causing some cases of Bell's palsy.
Impairment of the immune system has been unquestionably determined to be the reason why Herpes Viruses are reactivated from a dormant state and re-infect children causing Bell's palsy.
In 2003, another internasal flu vaccine was licensed in the United States, and this vaccine has so far shown no increased occurrence of Bell's palsy.
Clearly the overwhelming majority of children that contract mononucleosis, cold sores, Lyme disease, cold or flu do not develop Bell's palsy.
Because there is a wide variance in the severity of symptoms, signs of Bell's palsy may not be immediately noticed by parents.Advertisement
Though not always present, the child may complain of headache or pain behind or in front of the ear a few days prior to the onset of Bell's palsy.
Signs and symptoms of Bell's palsy typically manifest themselves within 14 days after a child has had a viral or bacterial infection.
There is usually a very rapid onset once facial paralysis or weakness makes an appearance, and Bell's palsy normally reaches its peak symptoms within 48 hours of onset.
It is of tremendous importance to clarify the diagnosis, and assure that it is truly Bell's palsy that a child is suffering from as soon as possible.
These conditions are considerably more dangerous to a child or teen than Bell's palsy and will require immediate, possibly emergency treatment as quickly as feasible.Advertisement
It is important to remember that paralysis in any other part of the body than the face is definitely not Bell's palsy and should be evaluated by a medical professional as soon as possible.
As the facial paralysis of Bell's palsy is usually perceived correctly by parents to be a neurological condition, neurologists are often consulted.
However, pediatricians and otolaryngologists (ENT-ear, nose and throat specialists) also treat Bell's palsy.
Reaching a diagnosis of Bell's palsy is a process of ruling out other possible causes for the child's complaints and the observed symptoms.
Another differential cause of facial paralysis similar to Bell's palsy is Ramsey-Hunt Syndrome.Advertisement
Ramsey-Hunt's chief differences from Bell's palsy are both its causative agent and the severity of some symptoms.
Though most nerve compression in Bell's palsy is mild and temporary for children, the primary goal is to assure that no further damage to the seventh cranial nerve occurs.
Children with Bell's palsy who are old enough to follow instructions and are showing eye symptoms should be taught to manually "blink" the eye by holding the lid shut every few minutes with one finger, especially when the eye feels dry.
Though most cases of Bell's palsy resolve uneventfully in children, some do not.
Usually facial exercises will not be necessary for children with Bell's palsy unless the paralysis does not resolve itself and there is long-term damage to nerves.Advertisement
But its effectiveness in Bell's palsy remains at issue among child health-care providers.
The potential outcome from Bell's palsy is quite hopeful.
The Bell's Palsy Information Site notes that half of all people contracting this condition recover completely within "a short time," and another 35 percent have "good recoveries within a year."
Ten percent of the children who contract Bell's palsy will have mild weakness remaining afterward, and 5 percent will have severe residual facial weakness.
Statistically, 7 percent of all children that develop Bell's palsy will have a recurrent episode in the future.Advertisement
Clearly the notion of a child having permanent facial paralysis can be quite frightening for parents as well as the child suffering from Bell's palsy.
Once the diagnosis of Bell's palsy is made, parents can feel reasonably optimistic that this is a condition that normally resolves itself within a set period of time, usually a matter of days or weeks.
When Bell's palsy is understood, parents can generally feel some personal reassurance and transmit a sense of comfort and hope to the child.
When the diagnosis has been verified by a health-care professional, accurate information about Bell's palsy can greatly alleviate further fears.
Disseminated Lyme disease sometimes causes Bell's palsy.Advertisement