Although they are actually not very effective as antidepressants with children, they can be quite helpful for a variety of other problems, including attention deficit disorder, enuresis (bed-wetting), and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Sometimes emotional stress, such as the birth of a sibling, a death in the family, or separation from the family, may be associated with the onset of bed-wetting in a previously toilet-trained child.
When children have food sensitivities, bed-wetting may be helped by discovering the substances that trigger the allergic response and eliminating these substances from the child's diet.
If the child has no underlying physical or psychological problem that is causing the bed-wetting, in most cases he or she will outgrow the condition without treatment.
However, several research studies found that bed-wetting children have normal sleep patterns and that bed-wetting can occur in any stage of sleep.
Most children wet the bed occasionally, and definitions of the age and frequency at which bed-wetting becomes a medical problem vary somewhat.
Standard treatments for bed-wetting include bladder training exercises, motivational therapy, drug therapy, psychotherapy, and diet therapy.
These exercises are designed to increase bladder capacity but are only successful in resolving bed-wetting in a small number of patients.
In rare cases, allergies or intolerances to certain foods-such as dairy products, citrus products, or chocolate-can cause bed-wetting.
In motivational therapy, parents attempt to encourage the child to combat bed-wetting, but the child must want to achieve success.