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bechuanaland

bechuanaland

bechuanaland Sentence Examples

  • He did much to advance stellar photography and its use in cataloguing the stars, and he was responsible for the geodetic surveys of Natal and Cape Colony, British Bechuanaland, German S.-W.

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  • MAFEKING, a town in the British Bechuanaland division of the Cape, 870 m.

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  • of the southern boundary of the Bechuanaland protectorate.

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  • Mafeking is thus an important trading and distributing centre for Bechuanaland and the western Transvaal.

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  • The headquarters of the administration for the Bechuanaland protectorate are in the town.

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  • Trade increased, and in 1891 Basutoland was admitted to the customs union, which already existed between Orange Free State, Cape Colony and British Bechuanaland.

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  • Between August 1897 and May 1898 he travelled through Cape Colony, the Bechuanaland Protectorate, Rhodesia and Basutoland.

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  • by the Cape province and the Bechuanaland Protectorate, N.

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  • on the Bechuanaland border.

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  • A rare species is the acacia erioloba Rameel doom, akin to the acacia giraffae of Bechuanaland.

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  • Within a few weeks of the signing of the convention Pretorius had asked the British authorities to close the " lower road " to the interior, that is the route through Bechuanaland, opened up by Moffat, Livingstone and other missionaries.

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  • The incident was, however, but the first step in the struggle for the possession of that country (see Bechuanaland).

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  • The discovery of gold at Tati led President Pretorius in April 1868 to issue a proclamation extending his territories on the west and north so as to embrace the goldfield and all Efforts Bechuanaland.

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  • In the beginning of 1879 Shepstone was recalled and Colonel Owen Lanyon, who had served in Bechuanaland and was then administrator of Griqualand West, was appointed administrator in the Transvaal.

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  • In the articles of the new convention the boundaries were once more defined, concessions being made to the Transvaal on the Bechuanaland frontier, and to them the republic was bound to " strictly adhere."

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  • The Roman Catholics number 2 30% of the whites, the head of their church in the province being a vicar apostolic. At the head of the Anglican community, which is in full communion with the Church of England, is the bishop of Bloemfontein, whose diocese, founded in 1863, includes not only the Orange Free State, but Basutoland, Griqualand West and British Bechuanaland.

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  • In 1898 the Free State also acquiesced in the new convention arranged with regard to the Customs Union between the Cape Colony, Natal, Basutoland and the Bechuanaland Protectorate.

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  • BECHUANALAND (a name given from its inhabitants, the Bechuana, q.v.), a country of British South Africa occupying the central part of the vast tableland which stretches north to the Zambezi.

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  • Bechuanaland geographically and ethnically enjoys almost complete unity, but politically it is divided as follows: I.

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  • British Bechuanaland, since 1895 an integral part of Cape Colony.

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  • The Bechuanaland Protectorate, the northern part of the country, governed on the lines of a British crown colony.

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  • The Griqualand West province of Cape Colony belongs also geographically to Bechuanaland, and except in the Kimberley diamond mines region is still largely inhabited by Bechuana.

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  • Other streams are tributaries of the Limpopo, which for some distance is the frontier between Bechuanaland and the Transvaal.

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  • The rivers of Bechuanaland are, with few exceptions, intermittent or lose themselves in the desert.

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  • The greater part of Bechuanaland is covered with superficial deposits consisting of the sands of the desert regions of the Kalahari and the alluvium and saliferous marls of the Okavango basin.

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  • The chief town in southern Bechuanaland, i.e.

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  • Upington (2508) on the north bank of the Orange, an agricultural centre, is the chief town in Gordonia, the western division of southern Bechuanaland.

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  • The coal, however, is not mined, and much of the destruction of timber in southern Bechuanaland was caused by the demand for fuel for Kimberley.

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  • As the great highway from Cape Colony to the north, Bechuanaland has been described as the " Suez canal of South Africa."

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  • The trunk railway from Cape Town to the Victoria Falls traverses the eastern edge of Bechuanaland throughout its length.

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  • - Bechuanaland was visited by Europeans towards the close of the 18th century.

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  • The London Missionary Society established stations in what is now Griqualand West in 1803, and in 1818 the station of Kuruman, in Bechuanaland proper, was founded.

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  • The Rev. John Campbell, one of the founders of the Bible Society, also travelled in southern Bechuanaland and the adjoining districts in 1812-1814 and 1819-1821, adding considerably to the knowledge of the river systems. About 1817 Mosilikatze, the founder of the Matabele nation, fleeing from the wrath of Chaka, the Zulu king, began his career of conquest, during which he ravaged a great part of Bechuanaland and enrolled large numbers of Bechuana in his armies.

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  • At the time of the first contact of the Bechuana with white men the Cape government was the only civilized authority in South Africa; and from this cause, and the circumstance that the missionaries who lived among and exercised great fluence over them were of British nationality, the connexion between Bechuanaland and the Cape became close.

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  • - a limit which included the southern part of Bechuanaland.

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  • With this event the political history of Bechuanaland may be said to have begun.

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  • Moffat complained to Sir George Grey, the governor of Cape Colony, through whose intervention the molestation by Transvaal Boers of British subjects in their passage through Bechuanaland was stopped.

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  • This attempt of the Boers to gain possession of Bechuanaland having failed, T.

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  • Khama, chief of the Bamangwato in northern Bechuanaland, wrote in August 1876 to Sir Henry Barkly making an appeal similar to that sent by the Barolong.

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  • These representations on the part of the Barolong, and the Bamangwato under Khama, supported by the representations of Cape politicians, led in 1878 to the military occupation of southern Bechuanaland by a British force under Colonel (afterwards General Sir Charles) Warren.

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  • On the withdrawal of the police, southern Bechuanaland fell into a state of anarchy, nor did the fixing (on paper) of the frontier between it and the Transvaal by the Pretoria convention of August 1881 have any beneficial effect.

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  • Unless steps were taken at once, the whole of Bechuanaland might be permanently lost, while German territory on the west might readily be extended to join with that of the Boers.

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  • In the London convention of February 1884, conceded by Lord Derby in response to the overtures of Boer delegates, the Transvaal boundaries were again defined, part of eastern Bechuanaland being included in Boer territory.

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  • In his place Cecil Rhodes, then leader of the Opposition in the Cape parliament, was sent to Bechuanaland.

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  • Before Sir Charles Warren reached Africa, Sir Thomas Upington, the Cape premier, and Sir Gordon Sprigg, the treasurer-general, went to Bechuanaland and arranged a " settlement " which would have left the Boer filibusters in possession, but the imperial government refused to take notice of this " settlement."

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  • Bechuanaland was formally taken under British protection (30th of September 1885), and the sphere of British influence was declared to extend N.

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  • The natives cheerfully accepted this new departure in British policy, and from this time forward Khama's country was known as the British protectorate of Bechuanaland.

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  • That portion lying to the south of the Molopo river was described as British Bechuanaland, and was constituted a crown colony.

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  • In 1891 the South African Customs Union was extended to British Bechuanaland, and in 1895 the country was annexed to Cape Colony.

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  • Mackenzie (London, 1902); and the article" Bechuanaland " by Sir S.

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  • Of larger works dealing incidentally with Bechuanaland consult G.

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  • See also the Statistical Register, Cape of Good Hope, issued yearly at Cape Town, and the Annual Report, Bechuanaland.

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  • In 1814 the Wesleyans began work among the Namaquas and Hottentots, and afterwards went into Kaffraria, Bechuanaland and Natal.

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  • From 1877 onward Kruger's external policy was consistently anti-British, and on every side - in Bechuanaland, in Rhodesia, in Zululand - he attempted to enlarge the frontiers of the Transvaal at the expense of Great Britain.

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  • At the head of the bay is a small town, whence a railway, begun in 1906, runs east in the direction of Bechuanaland.

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  • the provinces of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, with Zululand, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal); Basutoland, Bechuanaland, Swaziland and Southern Rhodesia, all British possessions; German South-West Africa, and the southern part of Portuguese East Africa.

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  • (Excluding the Bechuanaland Protectorate and German South-West Africa, which contain very large desert areas, the population is slightly over 7 per square mile.) In British South Africa the coloured races are nearly five times as numerous as the whites.

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  • Despite their distracted condition the Transvaal Boers had no sooner obtained their independence than they began to make claims to authority in Bechuanaland.

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  • Bechuanaland, the region between the German colony and the Transvaal, was secured for Great Britain.

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  • - Bechuanaland, through which territory runs the route to the far interior - the countries now known as Rhodesia - was acquired, despite the strong desire of the Gladstone administration to avoid further annexations in South Africa.

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  • The acquisition of Bechuanaland by Great Britain was the essential preliminary to the development of the schemes which Rhodes entertained for the extension of British rule into Central Africa.

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  • In 1884, having the power in his hands when the Scanlen ministry fell, Hofmeyr had put into office a ministry dependent upon the Bond, and had talked of a possible Dutch rebellion in Cape Colony if the Boer freebooters in Bechuanaland were ejected; in 1890 Rhodes became premier with Hofmeyr's approval and support.

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  • The native protectorates, Basutoland, Swaziland and Bechuanaland had been left by the South Africa Act under direct imperial control.

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  • The southern group - Bechuanaland; Southern Rhodesia; Swaziland.

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  • 874) the Court of Appeal decided that the Bechuanaland Protectorate was not part of the dominion of the Crown, but was foreign territory.

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  • From Algoa Bay he made direct for Kuruman, Bechuanaland, the mission station, 700 m.

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  • by the Bechuanaland Protectorate and N.W.

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  • The country is of an even more desolate character than south of the Orange (see Bechuanaland).

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  • From the north, below the Vaal confluence, the Nosob, Molopo and Kuruman, intermittent streams which traverse Bechuanaland, send their occasional surplus waters to the Orange.

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  • The Molopo and Nosob mark the frontier between the Bechuanaland Protectorate and the Cape; the Kuruman lies wholly within the colony.

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  • In 1875 Basutoland formed part of the colony; in 1891 Transkei, Tembuland, Griqualand East, Griqualand West and Walfish Bay had been incorporated, and Basutoland had been disannexed; and in 1904 Pondoland and British Bechuanaland had been added.

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  • Mafeking (2713), in the extreme north of the colony near the Transvaal frontier, Taungs (2715) and Vryburg (2985) are in Bechuanaland.

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  • Upington (2508) lies further west on the north bank of the Orange and is the largest town in the western part of Bechuanaland.

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  • Beyond the colony proper there are promising vine stocks in the Gordonia division of Bechuanaland and in the Umtata district of Tembuland.

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  • The postal service is well organized, and to places beyond the reach of the railway there is a service of mail carts, and in parts of Gordonia (Bechuanaland) camels are used to carry the mails.

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  • By his energetic action, however, in support of the missionaries Moffat and Livingstone, Sir George kept open for the British the road through Bechuanaland to the far interior.

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  • In the same year the southeastern part of Bechuanaland was annexed to Great Britain under the title of Griqualand West.

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  • In 1884 Mr Hofmeyr led the Bond in strongly supporting the Transvaal Boers who had invaded Bechuanaland (q.v.), proclaiming that if the Bechuanaland freebooters were not permitted to retain the territories they had seized, in total disregard of the terms of the conventions of 1881 and 1884, there would be rebellion among the Dutch of Cape Colony.

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  • Rhodes had only held this position for six weeks when Sir Thomas Scanlen resigned, and in August of the same year he was sent by Sir Hercules Robinson to British Bechuanaland as deputy-commissioner in succession to the Rev. John Mackenzie, the London Missionary Society's representative at Kuruman, who in the previous May had proclaimed the queen's authority over the district.

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  • In this short time, in addition to the chronic troubles with the Basutoswhich led the Cape to hand them over to the imperial authorities - there occurred a series of native disturbances which were followed by the Boer War of 1881, and the Bechuanaland disturbances of 1884.

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  • In 1890 the line was extended northwards on the western frontier of the Transvaal as far as Vryburg in Bechuanaland.

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  • The colonies of British Bechuanaland and Basutoland were now taken into the customs union existing between the Orange Free State and Cape Colony.

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  • Proclamations by the Transvaal and Free State annexing portions of Cape Colony were actually issued on the 18th of October, and included British Bechuanaland and Griqualand West, with the diamond fields.

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  • He did much to advance stellar photography and its use in cataloguing the stars, and he was responsible for the geodetic surveys of Natal and Cape Colony, British Bechuanaland, German S.-W.

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  • MAFEKING, a town in the British Bechuanaland division of the Cape, 870 m.

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  • of the southern boundary of the Bechuanaland protectorate.

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  • Mafeking is thus an important trading and distributing centre for Bechuanaland and the western Transvaal.

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  • The headquarters of the administration for the Bechuanaland protectorate are in the town.

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  • Trade increased, and in 1891 Basutoland was admitted to the customs union, which already existed between Orange Free State, Cape Colony and British Bechuanaland.

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  • Between August 1897 and May 1898 he travelled through Cape Colony, the Bechuanaland Protectorate, Rhodesia and Basutoland.

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  • by the Cape province and the Bechuanaland Protectorate, N.

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  • on the Bechuanaland border.

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  • For a considerable distance the Vaal forms the frontier between the province and the Orange Free State and in similar manner the Limpopo separates the Transvaal from Bechuanaland and Rhodesia.

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  • A rare species is the acacia erioloba Rameel doom, akin to the acacia giraffae of Bechuanaland.

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  • Within a few weeks of the signing of the convention Pretorius had asked the British authorities to close the " lower road " to the interior, that is the route through Bechuanaland, opened up by Moffat, Livingstone and other missionaries.

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  • The incident was, however, but the first step in the struggle for the possession of that country (see Bechuanaland).

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  • The discovery of gold at Tati led President Pretorius in April 1868 to issue a proclamation extending his territories on the west and north so as to embrace the goldfield and all Efforts Bechuanaland.

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  • In the beginning of 1879 Shepstone was recalled and Colonel Owen Lanyon, who had served in Bechuanaland and was then administrator of Griqualand West, was appointed administrator in the Transvaal.

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  • In the articles of the new convention the boundaries were once more defined, concessions being made to the Transvaal on the Bechuanaland frontier, and to them the republic was bound to " strictly adhere."

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  • this point proved firm, and an expedition set out in 1884 under Sir Charles Warren, broke up the freebooters' two states, and occupied the country without a shot being fired (see Bechuanaland).

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  • The Roman Catholics number 2 30% of the whites, the head of their church in the province being a vicar apostolic. At the head of the Anglican community, which is in full communion with the Church of England, is the bishop of Bloemfontein, whose diocese, founded in 1863, includes not only the Orange Free State, but Basutoland, Griqualand West and British Bechuanaland.

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  • In 1898 the Free State also acquiesced in the new convention arranged with regard to the Customs Union between the Cape Colony, Natal, Basutoland and the Bechuanaland Protectorate.

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  • BECHUANALAND (a name given from its inhabitants, the Bechuana, q.v.), a country of British South Africa occupying the central part of the vast tableland which stretches north to the Zambezi.

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  • Bechuanaland geographically and ethnically enjoys almost complete unity, but politically it is divided as follows: I.

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  • British Bechuanaland, since 1895 an integral part of Cape Colony.

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  • The Bechuanaland Protectorate, the northern part of the country, governed on the lines of a British crown colony.

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  • The Griqualand West province of Cape Colony belongs also geographically to Bechuanaland, and except in the Kimberley diamond mines region is still largely inhabited by Bechuana.

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  • (See Griqualand.) Physical Features.-The average height of the tableland of which Bechuanaland consists is nearly 4 000 ft.

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  • Other streams are tributaries of the Limpopo, which for some distance is the frontier between Bechuanaland and the Transvaal.

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  • The rivers of Bechuanaland are, with few exceptions, intermittent or lose themselves in the desert.

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  • The greater part of Bechuanaland is covered with superficial deposits consisting of the sands of the desert regions of the Kalahari and the alluvium and saliferous marls of the Okavango basin.

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  • Until towards the close of the 19th century Bechuanaland abounded in big game, and the Kalahari is still the home of the lion, leopard, hyena, jackal, elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, buffalo, antelope of many species, ostrich and even the giraffe.

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  • The chief town in southern Bechuanaland, i.e.

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  • Upington (2508) on the north bank of the Orange, an agricultural centre, is the chief town in Gordonia, the western division of southern Bechuanaland.

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  • The coal, however, is not mined, and much of the destruction of timber in southern Bechuanaland was caused by the demand for fuel for Kimberley.

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  • As the great highway from Cape Colony to the north, Bechuanaland has been described as the " Suez canal of South Africa."

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  • The trunk railway from Cape Town to the Victoria Falls traverses the eastern edge of Bechuanaland throughout its length.

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  • - Bechuanaland was visited by Europeans towards the close of the 18th century.

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  • The London Missionary Society established stations in what is now Griqualand West in 1803, and in 1818 the station of Kuruman, in Bechuanaland proper, was founded.

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  • The Rev. John Campbell, one of the founders of the Bible Society, also travelled in southern Bechuanaland and the adjoining districts in 1812-1814 and 1819-1821, adding considerably to the knowledge of the river systems. About 1817 Mosilikatze, the founder of the Matabele nation, fleeing from the wrath of Chaka, the Zulu king, began his career of conquest, during which he ravaged a great part of Bechuanaland and enrolled large numbers of Bechuana in his armies.

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  • At the time of the first contact of the Bechuana with white men the Cape government was the only civilized authority in South Africa; and from this cause, and the circumstance that the missionaries who lived among and exercised great fluence over them were of British nationality, the connexion between Bechuanaland and the Cape became close.

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  • - a limit which included the southern part of Bechuanaland.

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  • With this event the political history of Bechuanaland may be said to have begun.

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  • Moffat complained to Sir George Grey, the governor of Cape Colony, through whose intervention the molestation by Transvaal Boers of British subjects in their passage through Bechuanaland was stopped.

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  • This attempt of the Boers to gain possession of Bechuanaland having failed, T.

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  • Khama, chief of the Bamangwato in northern Bechuanaland, wrote in August 1876 to Sir Henry Barkly making an appeal similar to that sent by the Barolong.

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  • These representations on the part of the Barolong, and the Bamangwato under Khama, supported by the representations of Cape politicians, led in 1878 to the military occupation of southern Bechuanaland by a British force under Colonel (afterwards General Sir Charles) Warren.

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    0
  • On the withdrawal of the police, southern Bechuanaland fell into a state of anarchy, nor did the fixing (on paper) of the frontier between it and the Transvaal by the Pretoria convention of August 1881 have any beneficial effect.

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    0
  • Unless steps were taken at once, the whole of Bechuanaland might be permanently lost, while German territory on the west might readily be extended to join with that of the Boers.

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    0
  • In the London convention of February 1884, conceded by Lord Derby in response to the overtures of Boer delegates, the Transvaal boundaries were again defined, part of eastern Bechuanaland being included in Boer territory.

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  • In his place Cecil Rhodes, then leader of the Opposition in the Cape parliament, was sent to Bechuanaland.

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  • Before Sir Charles Warren reached Africa, Sir Thomas Upington, the Cape premier, and Sir Gordon Sprigg, the treasurer-general, went to Bechuanaland and arranged a " settlement " which would have left the Boer filibusters in possession, but the imperial government refused to take notice of this " settlement."

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  • Bechuanaland was formally taken under British protection (30th of September 1885), and the sphere of British influence was declared to extend N.

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  • The natives cheerfully accepted this new departure in British policy, and from this time forward Khama's country was known as the British protectorate of Bechuanaland.

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  • That portion lying to the south of the Molopo river was described as British Bechuanaland, and was constituted a crown colony.

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  • In 1891 the South African Customs Union was extended to British Bechuanaland, and in 1895 the country was annexed to Cape Colony.

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  • At the same time it was provisionally arranged that the Bechuanaland protectorate should pass under the administration of the British South Africa Company (see Rhodesia).

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  • Mackenzie (London, 1902); and the article" Bechuanaland " by Sir S.

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  • Of larger works dealing incidentally with Bechuanaland consult G.

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  • See also the Statistical Register, Cape of Good Hope, issued yearly at Cape Town, and the Annual Report, Bechuanaland.

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  • In 1814 the Wesleyans began work among the Namaquas and Hottentots, and afterwards went into Kaffraria, Bechuanaland and Natal.

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  • From 1877 onward Kruger's external policy was consistently anti-British, and on every side - in Bechuanaland, in Rhodesia, in Zululand - he attempted to enlarge the frontiers of the Transvaal at the expense of Great Britain.

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  • At the head of the bay is a small town, whence a railway, begun in 1906, runs east in the direction of Bechuanaland.

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  • the provinces of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, with Zululand, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal); Basutoland, Bechuanaland, Swaziland and Southern Rhodesia, all British possessions; German South-West Africa, and the southern part of Portuguese East Africa.

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  • (Excluding the Bechuanaland Protectorate and German South-West Africa, which contain very large desert areas, the population is slightly over 7 per square mile.) In British South Africa the coloured races are nearly five times as numerous as the whites.

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  • Despite their distracted condition the Transvaal Boers had no sooner obtained their independence than they began to make claims to authority in Bechuanaland.

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  • But the championship of the Bechuanas by Moffat, Livingstone and other missionaries, and their determination that the road to the interior should not be closed by the Boers, had its effect, and the Boers did not succeed in making themselves masters of the country (see Transvaal: History, and Bechuanaland).

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  • Bechuanaland, the region between the German colony and the Transvaal, was secured for Great Britain.

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  • - Bechuanaland, through which territory runs the route to the far interior - the countries now known as Rhodesia - was acquired, despite the strong desire of the Gladstone administration to avoid further annexations in South Africa.

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  • An expedition was sent out in October 1884 under Sir Charles Warren; the Boers, who had set up the " republics " of Goshen and Stellaland, were obliged to give way, and the country was annexed (see Bechuanaland).

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  • The acquisition of Bechuanaland by Great Britain was the essential preliminary to the development of the schemes which Rhodes entertained for the extension of British rule into Central Africa.

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  • In 1884, having the power in his hands when the Scanlen ministry fell, Hofmeyr had put into office a ministry dependent upon the Bond, and had talked of a possible Dutch rebellion in Cape Colony if the Boer freebooters in Bechuanaland were ejected; in 1890 Rhodes became premier with Hofmeyr's approval and support.

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  • The native protectorates, Basutoland, Swaziland and Bechuanaland had been left by the South Africa Act under direct imperial control.

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  • The southern group - Bechuanaland; Southern Rhodesia; Swaziland.

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  • 874) the Court of Appeal decided that the Bechuanaland Protectorate was not part of the dominion of the Crown, but was foreign territory.

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  • From Algoa Bay he made direct for Kuruman, Bechuanaland, the mission station, 700 m.

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  • by the Bechuanaland Protectorate and N.W.

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  • The country is of an even more desolate character than south of the Orange (see Bechuanaland).

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  • From the north, below the Vaal confluence, the Nosob, Molopo and Kuruman, intermittent streams which traverse Bechuanaland, send their occasional surplus waters to the Orange.

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  • The Molopo and Nosob mark the frontier between the Bechuanaland Protectorate and the Cape; the Kuruman lies wholly within the colony.

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  • In 1875 Basutoland formed part of the colony; in 1891 Transkei, Tembuland, Griqualand East, Griqualand West and Walfish Bay had been incorporated, and Basutoland had been disannexed; and in 1904 Pondoland and British Bechuanaland had been added.

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  • Griqualand West on its incorporation with the colony in 188 0 became a separate province, and when the crown colony of British Bechuanaland was taken over by the Cape in 1895 it also became a separate province (see Griqualand and Bechuanaland).

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  • Mafeking (2713), in the extreme north of the colony near the Transvaal frontier, Taungs (2715) and Vryburg (2985) are in Bechuanaland.

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  • Upington (2508) lies further west on the north bank of the Orange and is the largest town in the western part of Bechuanaland.

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  • Beyond the colony proper there are promising vine stocks in the Gordonia division of Bechuanaland and in the Umtata district of Tembuland.

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  • The postal service is well organized, and to places beyond the reach of the railway there is a service of mail carts, and in parts of Gordonia (Bechuanaland) camels are used to carry the mails.

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  • By his energetic action, however, in support of the missionaries Moffat and Livingstone, Sir George kept open for the British the road through Bechuanaland to the far interior.

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  • In the same year the southeastern part of Bechuanaland was annexed to Great Britain under the title of Griqualand West.

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  • In 1884 Mr Hofmeyr led the Bond in strongly supporting the Transvaal Boers who had invaded Bechuanaland (q.v.), proclaiming that if the Bechuanaland freebooters were not permitted to retain the territories they had seized, in total disregard of the terms of the conventions of 1881 and 1884, there would be rebellion among the Dutch of Cape Colony.

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  • Rhodes had only held this position for six weeks when Sir Thomas Scanlen resigned, and in August of the same year he was sent by Sir Hercules Robinson to British Bechuanaland as deputy-commissioner in succession to the Rev. John Mackenzie, the London Missionary Society's representative at Kuruman, who in the previous May had proclaimed the queen's authority over the district.

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  • In this short time, in addition to the chronic troubles with the Basutoswhich led the Cape to hand them over to the imperial authorities - there occurred a series of native disturbances which were followed by the Boer War of 1881, and the Bechuanaland disturbances of 1884.

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  • In 1890 the line was extended northwards on the western frontier of the Transvaal as far as Vryburg in Bechuanaland.

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  • The colonies of British Bechuanaland and Basutoland were now taken into the customs union existing between the Orange Free State and Cape Colony.

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  • Proclamations by the Transvaal and Free State annexing portions of Cape Colony were actually issued on the 18th of October, and included British Bechuanaland and Griqualand West, with the diamond fields.

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