Basal sentence example

basal
  • angles of 60° and 120°, and, with the exception of the basal planes, are only rarely bounded by smooth and well-defined faces.
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  • The basal cell has less chlorophyll than the others, and is expanded and fixed firmly to the rock on which the plant grows by the basal surface, rh, thus forming a rudimentary rhizoid.
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  • In the region of the neck lateral strands pass through the transverse canal of the cervical vertebrae; but from the thoracic region onwards, where the cardiac branch to the heart is given off, each strand is double and the basal ganglia are successively connected with the next by a branch which runs ventrally over the capitulum of the rib, and by another which passes directly through the foramen or space formed between capitulum and tuberculum.
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  • in length, with a basal girth of 24 in.
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  • The proboscis-gut occurs as an outgrowth from the anterior dorsal wall of the collar-gut, and extends forward into the basal (posterior) region of the proboscis, through the neck into the proboscis-coelom, ending blindly in front.
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  • The sub-epithelial layer consists primarily of the so-called inter stitial cells, lodged between the narrowed basal portions of the epithelial cells.
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  • The forebrain forms the bulk of the whole brain, but the large size of the hemispheres is due to the greater development of the basal and lateral portions (pedunculi cerebri and corpora striata), while the pallium (the portion external to the lateral ventricles) is thin, and restricted to the median side of each hemisphere.
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  • The first lower premolar compressed in front; the others composed of a single pair of transverse crests, with a small anterior and posterior basal ridge.
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  • r is bounded by the basal pinacoid c (ooi) parallel to which is the perfect cleavage, the clinopinacoid b ((D10) parallel to the plane of symmetry, and the pyramids m (221) and o (112).
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  • The angles between these pyramids and the basal plane are 852° and 73° respectively.
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  • - Appendages of 1st pair bisegmented, without poison gland; of 2nd pair prehensile, their basal segments underlying the proboscis, and furnished with sterno 1 to i 1, Somites of the opisthosoma (mesosoma plus metasoma).
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  • Appendages of 2nd pair folding in a horizontal plane; their basal segments n From Lankester, Q.
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  • In the Dendroidea, as a rule, the polypary is non-symmetrical in shape and tree-like or shrub-like in habit, with numerous branches irregularly disposed, and with a distinct stem-like or short basal portion ending below in root-like fibres or in a membranous disk or sheet of attachment.
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  • First two premolars with compressed and sharp-pointed crowns, and slightly developed anterior and posterior accessory basal cusps.
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  • The basal plain of these terraces is the bed of the ocean, which on the Pacific side has an average depth of 15,000 ft.
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  • In the first place, buds may be produced only from the hydrorhiza, which grows out and branches to form a basal stolon, typically net-like, spreading over the substratum to which the founderpolyp attached itself.
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  • - Cladonema radiatum, the medusa walking on the basal branches of its tentacles (t), which are turned up over the body.
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  • By means of vibrations or shocks transmitted through the - Sub water, or by displacements in the balance or position of the animal, the otoliths are caused to impinge against the bristles of the sensory cells, now on one side, now on the other, causing shocks or stimuli which are transmitted by the basal nerve-fibre to the central nervous system.
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  • Obelia forms numerous polyserial stems of the characteristic zigzag pattern growing up from a creeping basal stolon, and buds the medusa of the same name.
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  • The fertilized egg-cell (oospore) forms a filamentous structure, the proernbryo, from a restricted basal portion of which one or more embryos develop, one only as a rule reaching maturity.
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  • where the plant lives on soil from which it absorbs its main supply of water by means of its basal rhizoids) that a water-conducting (hydrom) strand is developed.
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  • 1, Bd) are very intimately fused together to form what is called the "lower lip" or labium, a firm transverse plate representing the fused basal portions of the maxillae, which may carry a small median "ligula," representing apparently the fused inner maxillary lobes, a pair of paraglossae (outer maxillary lobes), and a pair of palps.
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  • The head of an ant carries a pair of elbowed feelers, each consisting of a minute basal and an elongate second segment, forming the stalk or "scape," while from eight to eleven short segments make up the terminal "flagellum."
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  • The fourth abdominal segment is often very large, and forms the greater part of the hind-body; this segment is markedly constricted at its basal (forward) end, where it is embraced by the small third segment.
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  • The apparent axis or basal support of the scorpion's lung-books shown in the figures, is a false or secondary axis and merely a part of the infolded surface which forms the air-chamber.
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  • cox, Coxa or basal segment of the ex', The exopodite of the sixth leg.
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  • Appendages of 1st pair.tri-segmented, chelate; of 2nd pair chelate, with their basal segments subserving mastication; of 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th pairs similar in form and function, except that in recent and Carboniferous forms the basal segments of the 3rd and 4th are provided with sterno-coxal (maxillary) lobes, those of the 4th pair meeting in the middle line and underlying the mouth.
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  • - The plane of the articulation of the appendages of the 1st pair to the prosoma (the retrovert) vertical, the basal segment pro jecting straight forwards at its proximal end, the t raegcn - distal segment or fang closing backwards in a direction subparallel to the long axis of the body.
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  • - The plane of the articulation of the appendages of the 1st pair to the prosoma horizontal, the basal segment projecting ver tically downwards, at least at its proximal end, the distal segment II III IV V VI? ?.I?!1?1UII!119N; / I II III IV V VI 2 3 4 II FIG.
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  • Proboscis free, not supported from below by either the prosternum or the basal segments of the appendages of the 2nd pair.
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  • Rostrum free, not supported by either the prosternum or the basal segments of the appendages.
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  • suctorial) organ, and no claws at the tip; their basal segments united in the middle line and furnished with sterno-coxal process.
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  • Remaining pairs of appendages with their basal segments immovably fixed to the sternal surface, similar in form, the posterior three pairs furnished with two claws supported on long stalks; the basal segments of the 6th pair bearing five pairs of tactile sensory organs or malleoli.
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  • A supplementary pair of tracheae opening behind the basal segment of the 4th appendage of the prosoma.
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  • o, Sterno-coxal process of the basal segment of the second appendage.
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  • Appendages of 2nd pair very large and completely chelate, their basal segments meeting in the middle line, as in the Uropygi, and provided in front with membranous lip-like processes underlying the proboscis.
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  • Appendages of the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th pairs similar in form and function, tipped with two claws, their basal segments in contact in the median ventral line.
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  • I to VI, Basal segments of the 2, 3, 10, The second, third and six prosomatic appendages.
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  • Appendages of 2nd pair, with their basal segments uniting in the middle line below the mouth, weakly chelate at apex.
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  • Appendages of 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th pairs similar in form; their basal segments in contact in the middle line and immovably welded, except those of the 3rd pair, which have been pushed aside so that the bases of the 2nd and 4th pairs are in contact with each other.
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  • Observe that the basal segment of 3 appendage III does not meet its fellow 4 in the middle line.
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  • Opisthosoma confluent throughout its breadth with the prosoma, with the dorsal plate of which its anterior tergal plates are more or less fused; at most ten opisthosomatic somites traceable; the generative aperture thrust far forwards between the basal segments of the 6th appendages.
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  • Respiratory organs tracheal, opening by a pair of stigmata situated immediately behind the basal segments of the 6th pair of appendages on what is probably the sternum of the 2nd opisthosomatic somite and also in some cases upon the 5th segment of the legs.
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  • In the Phalangiotarbi the appendages resembled those of the Anthracomarti, except that the basal segments of the last four pairs were usually approximated in the middle line leaving a long and narrow sternal area between; and the carapace of the prosoma was unsegmented.
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  • - Integument soft, strengthened by special sclerites, those on the ventral surface of the prosoma apparently representing the basal segments of the legs embedded in the skin.
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  • The plants have a short rhizome and narrow or lanceolate basal leaves; and they are characterized by the ovary being often half-inferior.
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  • Harrison, "The Globigerina-marls and Basal Reef-rocks of Barbados," ibid.
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  • In a few Gymnolaemata the ectocyst is merely chitinous, although in most cases the four vertical walls and the basal wall of the zooecium are calcareous.
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  • Fixation takes place by means of this sucker, which is everted for the purpose, part of its epithelium becoming the basal ectoderm of the ancestrula.
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  • They may be characterized as very elongated reptiles without limbs (unless with tiny vestiges of posterior limbs), without eyelids and external ear openings, with the teeth anchylosed to the supporting bones, a bifid slender tongue which is telescoped into its basal half, and with a transverse vent.
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  • On these basal differences are founded most of the characters which make the higher forms of animal and plant life so different.
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  • The characters thus composed, though so simple as to their basal unit, are appallingly complex in their elaboration.
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  • In the basal Eocene of North America the Amblypoda were represented by extremely primitive, five-toed, small ungulates such as Periptychus and Pantolambda, each of these typifying a family.
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  • nervures; d, basal nervures; Io.
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  • The Capsidae are a large family of rather soft-skinned bugs mostly elongate in form with the two basal segments of the feelers stouter than the two terminal.
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  • The feelers have one or more thickened basal segments, while the remaining segments are slender and threadlike.
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  • The broad head carries, in addition to the prominent compound eyes, three simple eyes (ocelli) on the crown, while the feeler consists of a stout basal segment, followed by five slender segments.
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  • The pelvis and hind-limbs much resemble those of a running bird, such as those of an emu or the extinct moa; but the basal bones (metatarsals) of the three-toed foot remain separate throughout life, thus differing from those of the running birds, which are firmly fused together even in the young adult.
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  • Like others of the Reformers he had been led independently to preach justification by faith and to declare that Jesus Christ was the one and only Mediator between sinful man and God; but his construction rested upon what he regarded as biblical conceptions of the nature of God and man rather than upon such private personal experiences as those which Luther had made basal.
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  • The faces of slates have usually a slightly silky lustre due to the abundance of minute scales of mica all lying parallel and reflecting light simultaneously from their pearly basal planes.
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  • The apical end of the rotifer usually narrows suddenly beyond the curve of the gut and the cloacal aperture to form the foot of pseudopodium which ends in an organ of attachment, a pair of movable toes, each with the opening of a cement-gland (gl) at its tip. Thus for orientation we place the rotifer like the cuttle-fish, head downwards: the ciliated disk is basal or oral, proximal to the rest of the animal, the foot is apical, and the brain and cloacal aperture are anterodorsal.
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  • These two branches arose from a common basal segment or coxa, the inner surface of which was produced into a strong process underlying the external area.
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  • In the region of the mouth the basal segments were armed with teeth and subserved the purpose of mastication.
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  • The feature referred to results from the occurrence here of a weak basal formation of clay overlaid by more resistant sandy strata; the clay belt has been stripped for a score or more of miles from its original inland overlap, and worn down in a longitudinal inner lowland, while the sandy belt retains a significant altitude of 200 or 300 ft.
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  • The basal formation if chiefly a weak limestone, which has been stripped from its original Alabama.
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  • In the Mississippi Basin the larger part of the system is of limestone, though there is some clastic mateiial in both its basal and its upper parts.
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  • Choeropotamus is a European Oligocene genus with bunodont molars which show a conspicuous basal cingulum in the lower dentition; the first premolar is absent.
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  • The Embiidae live in warm countries, and are very retiring in their habits, hiding under stones where they spin webs formed of silk produced by glands in the basal segments of the fore-feet.
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  • The Helena crystals are of tabular habit, being composed of the basal pinacoid with a very short hexagonal prism, whilst at Yogo Gulch many of the crystals affect a rhombohedral habit.
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  • The teeth are secreted by a small number of cells at the closed end of the caecum, the basal membrane by a transverse row of cells in front of these.
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  • The tail is generally very short, and its basal vertebrae are often fused with the sacrum.
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  • The hypothecium is the basal part of the apothecium on which the hymenium is borne; the latter consists of asci (thecae) with ascospores, and paraphyses.
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  • The history of mission work here is one of exploration and peril amongst savage peoples, multitudinous languages and an adverse climate, but it has been marked by wise methods as well as enthusiastic devotion, industrial work being one of the basal principles.
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  • Whether B, Formation of the first sporethe association of nuclei in the mother-cell (sm), from the ordinary mycelium takes place basal cell (a) of one of the by the migration of a nucleus rows of spores.
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  • The signification of the coalescence of the polar nuclei is not explained by these new facts, but it is noteworthy that the second male-cell is said to unite sometimes with the apical polar nucleus, the sister of the egg, before the union of this with the basal polar one.
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  • If in its extension to contain the new formations within it the embryo-sac remains narrow, endosperm formation proceeds upon the lines of a cell-division, but in wide embryo-sacs the endosperm is first of all formed as a layer of naked cells around the wall of the sac, and only gradually acquires a pluricellular character, forming a tissue filling the sac. The function of the endosperm is primarily that of nourishing the embryo, and its basal position in the embryo-sac places it favourably for the absorption of food material entering the ovule.
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  • The oosphere is not differentiated within the wall of the oogonium, but certain cells known as wendungszellen, the significance of which has given rise to much speculation, are cut off from the basal portion of the parent-cell during its development.
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  • They soon fall off, and it is from the persistent basal cell that the branches of unlimited growth arise.
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  • The most noteworthy point of distinction is in the skull, in which the facial portion is sharply bent down on the posterior basal axis in the fashion characteristic of the hollow-horned ruminants (oxen, antelopes, &c.), and the American prongbuck, instead of running more or less nearly parallel to the same, as in deer.
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  • (P, N, p, n, X I I o.) Samolus, anatropous with the hilum basal - together with the method of dehiscence of the capsule and the relative position of the ovary.
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  • I are the basal pinacoid, a {oor}, and two square pyramids, b { 'or } and c { 2011.
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  • In the lower series are, in descending order, the "Serpulite grits" or "Salterclla beds," the "Fucoid beds" and the "Eriboll quartzite," which is divided into an upper "Pipe rock" and lower "Basal quartzite."
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  • The third abdominal segment usually carries a pair of short appendages whose basal segments are fused together; this is the "catch" (fig.
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  • 2, 7), whose function is to hold in place the "spring," which is formed by the fourth pair of abdominal appendages - also with fused basal segments.
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  • The fused basal segments of the appendages form the "manubrium" of the spring, which carries the two "dentes" (usually elongate II.
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  • Distinct crystals are rarely met with; these are rhombohedral and isomorphous with arsenic and bismuth; they have a perfect cleavage parallel to the basal plane, c (111), and are sometimes twinned on a rhombohedral plane, e (1 ro).
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  • They may be free or attached at one (the " basal ") end.
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  • C. Bourne, 1887) is always intercalated as a secretion by one or both of them; this is a gelatinoid, primitively structureless lamella, which in the first instance serves merely as a basal support for the cells.
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  • 2 is a tabular crystal in which the basal pinacoid (o) predominates.
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  • i, Each such body has a basal hollow portion (en) sur mounted by a glandular cushion (kl), from the centre of which projects a small, solid; club-shaped process or tentacle (t').
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  • The basal por tion bears an ocellus (oc) of > ' '--OtOZ ' simple structure.
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  • The animal may produce its like by lateral budding, or by budding from a basal stolon.
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  • Very often the basal segment of the protopodite bears, on the outer side, a lamellar appendage (more rarely, two), the epipodite, which may function as a gill.
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  • In the nauplius larva they lie rather at the sides than in front of the mouth, and their basal portion carries a hook-like masticatory process which assists the similar processes of the mandibles in seizing food.
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  • The maxillulae are sometimes closely connected with the " paragnatha " or lobes of the lower lip, when these are present, and it has been suggested that the paragnatha are really the basal endites which have become partly separated from the rest of the appendage.
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  • In the majority of the Decapoda there is a saccular invagination of the integument in the basal segment of the antennular peduncle having on its inner surface " auditory " setae of the type just described.
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  • The basal portion of the antennae frequently lies in a depression at the side of the rostrum, and this gives the antennae the appearance of emerging half-way along the rostrum.
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  • The antennae are elbowed, and clavate, with the basal portion inserted in a groove.
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  • The grey wolf is common; it is the basal stock of the Alaskan sledge-dog.
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  • The large ears, brownand-white face, short, black-tipped tail, and antlers without large basal snag serve to distinguish the mule-deer M.
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  • They are solitary at each node and arranged in two rows, the lower often crowded, forming a basal tuft.
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  • The sheath is often of great length, and generally completely surrounds the culm, forming a firm protection for the internode, the younger basal portion of which, including the zone of growth, remains tender for some time.
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  • The blade is frequently wanting or small and imperfect in the basal leaves, but in the rest is long and set on to the sheath at an angle.
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  • Io) below and interposed between the floral glume and the basal pair.
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  • Rarely the inflorescence consists of very few flowers; thus Lygeum Spartum, the most anomalous of European grasses, has but two or three large uniflorous spikelets, which are fused together at the base, and have no basal glumes, but are enveloped in a large, hooded, spathe-like bract.
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  • best distinctions are found in the position of the embryo in relation to the endosperm - lateral in grasses, basal in Cyperaceae - and in the possession by Gramineae of the 2-nerved palea below each flower.
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  • Munro supplemented this by another character easier of verification, and of even greater constancy, in the articulation of the pedicel in the Paniceae immediately below the glumes; whilst in Poaceae this does not occur, but the axis of the spikelet frequently articulates above the pair of empty basal glumes.
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  • In a bundle examined in the basal portion of a leaf the bulk of the xylem is found to be centrifugal in position, but internally to the protoxylem there is a group of centripetal tracheids; higher up in the petiole the xylem is mainly centripetal, the centrifugal wood being represented by a small arc of tracheids external to the protoxylem and separated from it by a few parenchymatous elements.
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  • A pair of small strapshaped leaves succeed the two cotyledons of the seedling, and persist as the only leaves during the life of the plant; they retain the power of growth in their basal portion, which is sunk in a narrow groove near the edge of the crown, and the tough lamina, 6 ft.
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  • The basal plane, so common on calcite and many other rhombohedral minerals, is of the greatest rarity in quartz, and when present only appears as a small rough face formed by the corrosion of the crystal.
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  • Each mesentery is attached by its upper margin to the peristome, by its outer margin to the body-wall, and by its lower margin to the basal disk.
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  • Other mesenteries, called incomplete, are not attached to the stomodaeum, and their internal margins are free from the peristome to the basal disk.
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  • It is formed, not from fused spicules, but as a secretion of a special layer of cells derived from the basal ectoderm, and known as calicoblasts.
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  • 15) is a good example - exhibits the followings parts: - (I) The basal plate, between the zooid and the surface of attachment.
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  • (4) The columella, a structure which occupies the centre of the calicle, and may arise from the basal plate, when it is called essential, or may be formed by union of trabecular offsets of the septa, when it is called unessential.
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  • (6) Epitheca, an offset of the basal plate which surrounds the base of the theca in a ring-like manner, and in some corals may take the place of a true theca.
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  • ec, Ectoderm; en, endoderm; mg, mesogloea; m, m, mesenteries; s, septum; b, basal plate formed of ellipsoids of carbonate of lime secreted by the basal ectoderm; ep, epitheca.
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  • (Af ter von Koch.) formed, the endoderm of the basal disk lying above the basal plate is raised up in the form of radiating folds.
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  • The ectoderm beneath each fold becomes detached from the surface of the basal plate, and both it and the mesogloea are folded conformably with the endoderm.
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  • Important points of difference exist, however, in the apical position of the meristem of the Ophioglossaceous prothalli, in the presence of a basal cell to the archegonium, and in the multiciliate spermatozoids.
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  • The elongated receptacle of the marginal sori is surrounded by a basal cup-shaped indusium.
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  • The highly specialized sporocarps are borne on the basal portions of the leaves, as a rule singly, but in some species of Marsilia in numbers.
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  • This is facilitated by an important general change in the position of the parapodia; their basal attachments are all more ventral in position than in the Chaetopoda, and tend to approach from the two sides towards the mid-ventral line.
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  • (4) Three of the rami of the primitive limb (endites 5 and 6, and exite I) specially developed as endopodite, exopodite, and epipodite - the first two often as firm and strongly chitinized, segmented, leg-like structures; the original axis or corm reduced to a basal piece, with or without a distinct gnathobase (endite i)- typical tri-ramose limb of higher Crustacea.
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  • (5) One ramus (the endopodite) alone developed - the original axis or corm serving as its basal joint with or without gnathobase.
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  • It varies as to the presence or absence of the jawprocess and as to the stoutness of the segments of the ramus, their number (frequently six, plus the basal corm), and the modification of the free end.
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  • (6) Two rami developed (usually, but perhaps not always, the equivalents of the endopodite and exopodite) supported on the somewhat elongated corm (basal segment).
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  • (7) The endopoditic ramus is greatly enlarged and flattened, without or with only one jointing, the corm (basal segment) is evanescent; often the plate-like endopodites of a pair of such appendages unite in the middle line with one another or by the intermediary of a sternal up-growth and form a single broad plate.
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  • Crystals of arsenic belong to the rhombohedral system, and have a perfect cleavage parallel to the basal plane; natural crystals are, however, of rare occurrence, and are usually acicular in habit.
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  • The great dodecahedron is determined by the intersections of the twelve planes which intersect the Platonic icosahedron in five of its edges; or each face has the same boundaries as the basal sides of five covertical faces of the icosahedron.
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  • Vb, Point of union of cili basal part.
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  • vS, Ventral bristles of the The genus Aspidiophorus recently basal part.
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  • The basal line of the cranium from the lower border of the foramen magnum to the incisor border of the palate is nearly straight.
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  • Upon it, in the trough thus formed, rest conformably the basal strata of the Cretaceous; the Jurassic and Triassic being wholly absent (unless in the extreme north-west).
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  • The section made by a plane containing the axis and perpendicular to the base is a triangle contained by two generating lines of the cone and a diameter of the basal circle.
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  • The basal portion of the consecutive axes may become much thickened and arranged more or less in a straight line, ns and thus collectively form an apparent or false axis or sympodium, and the inflorescence thus simulates a raceme.
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  • The bract is not, however, the one from which the axis terminating in the flower arises, but is a bract produced upon it, and gives origin in its axil to a new axis, the basal portion FIG.
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  • Branching of stamens also produces apparent want of symmetry; thus, in the so-called polyadelphous stamens of Hypericaceae there are really only five stamens which give off numerous branches, but the basal portion remaining short, the branches have the appearance of separate stamens, and the flower thus seems asymmetrical.
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  • It consists essentially of two parts, a basal portion forming a chamber, the ovary, containing the ovules attached to a part called the placenta, and an upper receptive portion, the stigma, which is either seated on the ovary (sessile), as in the tulip and poppy, or is elevated on a stalk called the style, interposed between the ovary and stigma.
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  • When there is a single ovule, with its axis vertical, it may be attached to the placenta at the base of the ovary (basal placenta), and is then erect, as in Polygonaceae and Compositae; or it may be inserted a little above the base, on a parietal placenta, with its apex upwards, and then is ascending, as in Parietaria.
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  • Sometimes a long funicle arises from a basal placenta, reaches the summit of the ovary, and there bending over suspends the ovule, as in Armeria (sea-pink); at other times the hilum appears to be in the middle, and the ovule becomes horizontal.
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  • In India the same flora occurs in a thick series of fresh-water sediments, known as the Lower Gondwana system, including basal boulder-beds like those of Australia.
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  • Afghanistan, forming part of a thick series of marine beds known as the Salt Range group. This group of sediments in the extrapeninsular area of India includes a basal boulder-bed, referred on convincing evidence to the same geological horizon as the glacial deposits of the Indian peninsula (Talchir boulder-beds), South.
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  • analoguen detemir is a soluble, long-acting basal insulin analog with a prolonged duration of effect.
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  • The characteristics of early angiosperms and basal angiosperms in the current flora.
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  • basal ganglia follow the research link above.
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  • basal cell carcinoma.
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  • basal forebrain: Lower area of the front part of the brain best known for its role in certain kinds of learning.
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  • basal lamina along the base of the cells was damaged at several foci.
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  • basal rosettes of alpine plants to prevent rotting.
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  • basal plinth of red sandstone blocks.
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  • Basal serum calcitonin levels fell only moderately, suggesting distant micrometastases.
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  • The origin of the lesions was traced to basal stem cankers ca.
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  • Below is an example of a basal cell carcinoma.
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  • Exposure to UVB increases the risk of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, two forms of non-melanoma skin cancer.
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  • The daily production of oil from the basal conglomerate was about 600 barrels.
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  • This drainage culvert crosses a basal section of the Antonine Wall at New Kilpatrick Cemetery in Bearsden, near Glasgow, Scotland.
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  • Propagation: root basal cuttings with bottom heat in early spring.
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  • Root basal or softwood cuttings in spring or early summer or semi-ripe cuttings in late summer with bottom heat.
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  • diffusive transport, and desiccation of GCL basal liner systems.
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  • embolus from atrial myxoma Findings Subtle reduced density in the left basal ganglia on CT.
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  • The fluvial facies dominates the basal sediment portion that is overlain by an aeolian interval.
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  • Glossary basal forebrain: Lower area of the front part of the brain best known for its role in certain kinds of learning.
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  • gangliond out more about the basal ganglia follow the research link above.
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  • ganglionalso possible that basal ganglia lesions may be related to other symptoms reported by polio survivors.
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  • This type of arrangement is found in the kidney glomerulus, where the basal lamina acts as a permeability barrier or sieve.
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  • Metformin Metformin is a biguanide with antihyperglycaemic effects, lowering both basal and postprandial plasma glucose.
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  • Above the basal greensand occur the limestones of the Ulster White Limestone Group.
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  • Insulin detemir is a soluble, long-acting basal insulin detemir is a soluble, long-acting basal insulin analog with a prolonged duration of effect.
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  • Whilst still at the basal layer, they begin forming a protein called keratin.
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  • Each of these layers have a basal lamina that add slightly to the distance across which exchanges are made.
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  • The basal lamina along the base of the cells was damaged at several foci.
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  • If stems get leggy, cut offending ones down to ground just above a basal bud any time in summer.
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  • Basal leaves are pinnately lobed or entire and form a basal rosette.
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  • Basal sediment evacuation by subglacial meltwater: suspended sediment transport from Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland.
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  • Case 8 Cerebral embolus from atrial myxoma Findings Subtle reduced density in the left basal ganglia on CT.
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  • In this chapter, recent advances in understanding the neuropsychology of basal ganglia disorders are described in detail.
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  • This lesion is variously known a a seborrhoeic keratosis, basal cell papilloma or seborrhoeic wart.
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  • There is a double basal, molded plinth with slightly hollowed coping stones, to a height of about 1m above ground level.
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  • South wall: basal plinth of red sandstone blocks.
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  • A possible basal unconformity has been observed with a fine grained conglomerate lying on the hard Devonian quartzite.
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  • When my daughter changed to a basal bolus regimen then improved a lot.
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  • A rock revetment was constructed in 1992 in an attempt to address the basic cause of slope instability, i.e. basal wave erosion.
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  • Remove dead leaves from around the basal rosettes of alpine plants to prevent rotting.
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  • Gordon Hanks gave a talk on the control of basal rot at an HDC Narcissus Seminar in Spalding.
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  • The sub-horizontal fissures in the breccia are infilled with laminated shale of identical lithology to the overlying basal bed of the Blue Lias Formation.
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  • Note also the blood in the sphenoid sinuses, consistent with a basal skull fracture.
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  • sphenoid sinuses, consistent with a basal skull fracture.
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  • North wall: deep basal splay to embrasure, the masonry having heavy pointing.
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  • Traditionally, the basal ganglia have been associated with motor processes, although recent evidence suggests that they may also subserve parallel cognitive functions.
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  • Elderly patients have a reduced basal metabolic rate (BMR) and are susceptible to heat loss as a result of impaired thermoregulation.
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  • We focus on tumors of the head and neck, breast, lower gastro-intestinal tract, prostate and basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
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  • One of the most dramatic features of much of the Torridonian outcrop is the basal unconformity with the Lewisian basement.
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  • In different parts of the coelenteron the endoderm may be of three principal types - (i) digestive endoderm, the primitive type, with cells of large size and considerably vacuolated, found in the hydranth; some of these cells may become special glandular cells, without flagella or contractile processes; (2) circulatory endoderm, without vacuoles and without basal contractile processes, found in the hydrorhiza and hydrocaulus; (3) supporting endoderm (fig.
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  • The meshes of the basal network may become very small or virtually obliterated, so that the coenosarc becomes a crust of tubes tendingtofusetogether, and covered over by a common perisarc. Encrusting colonies of this kind are seen in Clava squamata (fig.
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  • Again, the spines arising from the basal crust of ??'
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  • The tentacles also vary considerably in other ways than in number: first, in form, being usually simple, with a basal bulb, but in Cladonemidae they are branched, often in complicated fashion; secondly, in grouping, being usually given off singly, and at regular intervals from the margin of the umbrella, but in Margelidae and in some Trachomedusae they are given off in tufts or bunches (fig.
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  • The Marchantiaceae (see article BRYOPHYTA) show considerable tissue-differentiation, possessing a distinct assimilative system of cells, consisting of branched cell threads packed with chloroplasts and arising from the basal cells of large cavities in the upper part of the thallus.
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  • The response to the action of light in diatropic leaves is, according to Haberlandt, due to the presence of epidermal cells which are shaped like a lens, or with lens-shaped thickenings of the cuticle, through which convergence of the light rays takes place and causes a differential illumination of the lining layer of protoplasm on the basal walls of the epidermal cells, by which the stimulus resulting in the orientation of the leaf is brought about.
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  • convergence of the light to a bright spot on the basal walls of the epidermal cells of Saxifraga hirsutum and fig.
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  • As a direct result of this undoubtedly secondary reduction of the pallium - due to the excessive preponderance of the basal and lateral parts - the corpus callosum (i.e.
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  • (3) There is one carotis conjuncta, but the basal portion of its original right component is obliterated, leaving a socalled c. primaria sinistra, an unfortunate name.
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  • The Curculionidae, or weevils (q.v.), comprising 23,000 species, are by far the largest family of the group. The maxillary palps are short and rigid, and there is no distinct labrum, while the feelers are usually of an "elbowed" form, the basal segment being very elongate (figs.
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  • - The head of an ant carries a pair of elbowed feelers, each consisting of a minute basal and an elongate second segment, forming the stalk or " scape," while from eight to eleven short segments make up the terminal " flagellum."
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  • They usually consist of an inner and an outer lobe arising from a basal piece, which bears also in some genera a small palp (see Aptera).
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  • I) bounded by the two faces of the basal pinacoid (c) and the four faces of the prism (m); the angle between the prism-faces (mm) is 78° 23', whilst that between c and m is go.
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  • The head is smaller, often occupied almost entirely above in the male by the very large eyes, which in some species are curiously double in that sex, one portion being pillared, and forming what is termed a "turban," the mouth parts are aborted, for the creature is now incapable of taking nutriment either solid or fluid; the antennae are mere short bristles, consisting of two rather large basal joints and a multi-articulate thread.
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  • angles of 60° and 120°, and, with the exception of the basal planes, are only rarely bounded by smooth and well-defined faces.
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  • The angles between these pyramids and the basal plane are 852° and 73° respectively.
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  • The prism (110) at 90° from the basal plane is not developed as a crystal face, but is a plane of twinning, the two individuals of the twin being united parallel to the basal plane (fig.
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  • The acute bisectrix of the optic axes never deviates from the normal to the basal plane by more than a degree or two, hence a cleavage flake of mica will always show an optic figure in convergent light when placed on the stage of a polarizing microscope.
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  • Basal segments of the 5th and 6th pairs of appendages abutting against the sternum of the prosoma (see fig.
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  • The sound is produced by stridulating organs developed on the basal joints of the limbs, which differ in position and character in different genera (see Pocock, 27).
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  • I to IV, first to fourth appendages of the prosoma; a, basal segment of the second pair of appendages meeting its fellow in the middle line (see fig.
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  • Appendages of 1st pair large, three segmented and completely chelate; of 2nd pair either simple and pediform, or prehensile and subchelate; of remaining four pairs, similar in form, ambulatory in function; the basal segment of the 2nd, 3rd and sometimes of the 4th pairs of appendages furnished with sterno-coxal (maxillary) lobe.
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  • The appendages of the 2nd pair were slender and pediform; those of the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th pairs were similar in form and ambulatory in function with their basal segments arranged round a sternal area as in the order Araneae.
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  • - Degenerate Arachnids resembling the Opiliones in many structural points, but chiefly distinguishable from them by the following features: - The basal segments of the appendages of the 2nd pair are united in the middle line behind the mouth, those of the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th pairs are widely separated and not provided with sterno-coxal (maxillary) lobes, and take no share in mastication; the respiratory stigmata, when present, belong to the prosoma, and the primitive segmentation of the opisthosoma has entirely or almost entirely disappeared.
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  • cuticle; b, basal membrane; c, outer circular muscles; d, epidermal cells depressed below the surface usually occupied by them in other animals; e, gland cell; f, " flamecell " (the reference line stops a little short); g, outer longitudinal muscles; h, a calcareous corpuscle; i, dorso-ventral muscles; j, a " parenchyma " cell (probably nervous); k, nerveplexus; 1, excretory vessel giving off capillaries ending in flamecells; m, a sense-cell; n, a muscle-cell; o, ending of the same; p, ending of sense-cell; q, opening of gland-cell; r, superficial cuticle.
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  • In both classes the body is encased by a thick non-cellular cuticle, the deepest layer of which - the subcuticle or basal membrane (fig.
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  • The feelers are generally simple in type, rarely showing serrations or prominent appendages; but one or two basal segments are frequently differentiated to form an elongate " scape," the remaining segments - carried at an elbowed angle to the scapemaking up the " flagellum "; the segments of the flagellum often bear complex sensory organs.
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  • The fore-wing is generally divided into a firm coriaceous basal region, occupying most of the area, and a membranous terminal portion, while the hind-wing is delicate and entirely membranous (see fig.
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  • Of the Karroo System all the groups from the basal Dwyka Conglomerate to the Cave Sandstone of the Stormberg series (see Cape Colony) are represented; but these rocks have not been so minutely subdivided as in the Cape.
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  • apis), a large and natural family of the zoological order Hymenoptera, characterized by the plumose form of many of their hairs, by the large size of a the basal segment of the foot, which is always elongate and in the hindmost limb sometimes as broad as the shin, and by the development of a "tongue" for sucking liquid food; this organ has been variously interpreted as the true insectan tongue (hypopharynx) or as a ligula formed by fused portions of the second maxillae (probably the latter).
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  • " single uterus," - in allusion to the fusion of at least the basal portions of this organ, and in contradistinction to their duality in the Didelphia, or Marsupialia), Cuvier's name for the group which includes all the orders of mammals (See MAMMALIA) except the Marsupialia and Monotremata; other titles for this group being Placentalia and Eutheria.
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  • (Blastoceros) dichotoma, representing a subgenus in which the complex antlers lack a basal snag, while the hair of the back is reversed.
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  • But it is usual to find, besides the basal glumes, a few other empty ones, and these are in twoor more-flowered spikelets (see Triticum, fig.
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  • In the latter class we should distinguish three phases: (a) those with numerous and comparatively undeveloped rami; (b) those with three, or two highly developed rami, or with only one - the corm being reduced to the dimensions of a mere basal segment; (c) those reduced to a secondary simplicity (degeneration) by overwhelming development of one segment (e.g.
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  • In the true raceme, however, we find only a single axis, producing in succession a series of bracts, from which the floral peduncles arise as lateral shoots, and thus each flower is on the same side of the floral axis as the bract in the axil of which it is developed; but in the uniparous cyme the flower of each of these axes, the basal portions of which unite to form the false axis, is situated on the opposite side of the axis to the bract from which it apparently arises (fig.
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  • In the helicoid cyme there is also a false axis formed by the basal portion of the separate axes, but the flowers are not placed in a double row, but in a single row, and form a spiral or helix round the false axis.
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  • When the margin of the receptacle is prolonged upwards, carrying with it the floral envelopes and stamina' leaves, the basal portion of the ovary being formed by the receptacle, and the carpellary leaves alone closing in the apex, the ovary is inferior, as in pomegranate, aralia (fig.
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  • You can keep track of your basal body temperature to determine when you will ovulate.
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  • You'll need a basal thermometer to get the most accurate readings and you must have had a minimum of three to four hours of sleep.
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  • You can download a free basal body temperature chart from the Fertility Plus web site.
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  • SS: The dyes used for our textiles are made with plants, minerals, and other natural substances, and are AZO (chemical dyes, some of which have been linked to basal cell carcinoma) free.
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  • There are two common types of skin cancer, both carcinomas (basal and squamous cell).
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  • Pumps are programmed to infuse a small, steady infusion of insulin (called a basal dose) throughout the day, and larger doses (called boluses) before meals.
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  • Because of the basal infusion, pumps can offer many children much tighter control over their blood glucose levels and more flexibility with their diet than insulin shots afford them.
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  • UVB light only penetrates the outermost layer of the skin, but it promotes basal and squamous cell carcinoma and may worsen the effects of UVA.
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  • In addition to abnormalities in the production or absorption of these chemical messengers, imaging studies indicate that the blood flow and metabolism in a part of the brain called the basal ganglia are abnormally low.
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  • The basal ganglia are groups of nerve cells deep in the brain that control movement as well as emotion and certain aspects of thinking.
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  • In contrast to the low level of blood flow in the basal ganglia, the motor areas in the frontotemporal cortex of the brain show increased levels of activity.
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  • Basal ganglia-Brain structure at the base of the cerebral hemispheres involved in controlling movement.
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  • They advise patients to monitor their basal (resting) body temperature for below-normal readings that could indicate the presence of hypothyroidism.
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  • An elevated body temperature (basal body temperature) above 98.6°F (37°C) may be an indication of a heightened metabolic rate (basal metabolic rate) and hyperthyroidism.
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  • Dermis-The basal layer of skin; it contains blood and lymphatic vessels, nerves, glands, and hair follicles.
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  • Movement is produced and coordinated by several interacting brain centers, including the motor cortex, the cerebellum, and a group of structures in the inner portions of the brain called the basal ganglia.
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  • Both the cerebellum and the motor cortex send information to a set of structures deep within the brain that help control involuntary components of movement (basal ganglia).
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  • The basal ganglia send output messages to the motor cortex, helping to initiate movements, regulate repetitive or patterned movements, and control muscle tone.
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  • Circuits within the basal ganglia are complex.
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  • Within this structure, some groups of cells begin the action of other basal ganglia components and some groups of cells block the action.
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  • A portion of the basal ganglia called the substantia nigra sends electrical signals that block output from another structure called the subthalamic nucleus.
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  • Disruptions in other portions of the basal ganglia are thought to cause tics, tremors, dystonia, and a variety of other movement disorders, although the exact mechanisms are not well understood.
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  • Medications can help compensate for some imbalances of the basal ganglionic circuit.
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  • Transplantation of fetal cells into the basal ganglia has produced mixed results in Parkinson's disease and is being researched for application in other movement disorders.
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  • Fetal tissue transplantation-A method of treating Parkinson's and other neurological diseases by grafting brain cells from human fetuses onto the basal ganglia.
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  • Parkinson's disease-A slowly progressive disease that destroys nerve cells in the basal ganglia and thus causes loss of dopamine, a chemical that aids in transmission of nerve signals (neurotransmitter).
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  • Take your basal body temperature (BBT) and record it daily.
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  • You may notice your elevated basal body temperature and increased cervical mucus, but there are lots of things happening that you can't see too.
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  • Three types of monitors-urine, saliva, and basal body temperature-are discussed below.
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  • Using a basal body temperature monitor can cut down on the time required.
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  • For women who are unsure of the peak or fertile time of their cycle, it is often recommended that basal body temperature (BBT) recordings be maintained.
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  • Women may experience a slight increase in their basal body temperature (BBT) just before they ovulate.
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  • Tracking these changes on a basal body temperature record form can help some women determine when they ovulate.
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  • Basal body temperature method requires the woman to take her temperature in order to determine when ovulation occurs.
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  • Sympto-thermal method combines mucus testing, basal temperature, and the rhythm method into one approach.
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  • Natural birth contraception that uses basal temperature or ovulation indicator testing requires minimal investment.
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  • If a woman has never tracked her ovulation by using tracking her basal body temperature or ovulation predictors, she might not realize that her cycle is just a little bit different.
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  • Changes in your basal body temperature may also help you identify ovulation.
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  • A slight rise in basal body temperature can indicate that you are ovulating.
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  • A basal body temperature record form is a simple tool that can make the process much easier and the predictions more reliable.
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  • Approaches include observing physical changes, tracking cycles, measuring basal body temperature and gauging hormone levels.
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  • Another simple but sometimes unreliable approach is taking your basal body temperature each morning.
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  • Monitoring changes in cervical mucus and taking basal body temperature daily are easy techniques but they are not the most reliable.
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  • In order for the calculator to be accurate, you should keep track of your basal temperature for a few months in order to determine when you ovulate.
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  • Fertility Plus offers a downloadable chart for keeping track of your basal body temperature (taken each morning before getting out of bed), which rises during the luteal phase because of increased levels of progesterone.
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  • While ovulation predictor tests are the most accurate means of testing your fertility, charting your fertility using the dates of your periods and your basal body temperature can lead to generally reliable results.
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  • Basal body temperature (BBT) is your baseline temperature, which is measured first thing in the morning before you do anything--including getting out of bed.
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  • The basal body temperature, or your body's natural temperature when you are resting, is another important component of the ovulation calendar.
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  • Some women use basal body temperature record forms, or BBT charts, to decipher their basal body temperature cycles.
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  • You can use a regular digital thermometer or a specialized BBT thermometer to chart your basal body temperature on a regular basis.
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  • Your most fertile days are typically two to three days before your basal body temperature actually rises, rather than on the days it is highest.
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  • This is known as your basal metabolic rate (BMI).
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  • Your basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of calories your body needs within a 24-hour period to sustain itself.
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  • The number of calories needed for your body to function is known as your basal metabolic rate, and it accounts for two-thirds to three-quarters of the calories you expend every day.
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  • Your basal metabolic rate is your minimal caloric burn rate.
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  • It is never advisable to have a daily caloric intake that falls below this basal metabolic rate (BMR).
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  • This, in turn, decreases your lean body mass (even though your weight is dropping), which decreases your basal metabolic rate.
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  • Your basal metabolic rate (BMR) - Your BMR is how much your body burns if all you did was sat around all day.
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  • To determine how many calories your body needs each day, you can use a basal metabolic rate calculator and apply the Harris-Benedict equation.
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  • Your basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of calories your body requires just to function.
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  • Plan your menus around the food pyramid, keeping your basal metabolic rate and Harris-Benedict number in mind.
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  • Known as your basal metabolic rate (BMR), these requirements are the minimum amount of calories you need.
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  • You can calculate how your activity level affects your caloric needs by first calculating your basal metabolic rate (BMR), and then multiplying that amount by the Harris-Benedict equation.
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  • In fact, studies have shown that resistance exercise can raise your basal metabolic rate slightly -- there is still some controversy over just how effective these exercises are on a person's metabolism.
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  • Another way to avoid overestimating, is to calculate your basal metabolic rate and then use the Harris-Benedict equation to find your body's maximum caloric requirements.
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  • Your strength training will elevate your basal metabolic rate so that your body burns calories more efficiently.
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  • There are three kinds of skin cancer: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma.
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  • Most skin cancers fall under the category of basal cell.
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  • Skin cancer: There are three kinds of skin cancer: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma.
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  • Dr. Leffell: Any spot that bleeds, heals up and then bleeds again more likely than not is a basal cell skin cancer.
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  • It appears in my practice, as well as in the practices of others who specialize in skin cancer, that more and more people in their 20s and 30s are developing basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer.
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  • Basal cell cancer usually appears as a pearly-colored bump or waxy-looking scar.
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  • Even if the skin change is small, the cancer could still be growing somewhere else inside your body.Advanced basal cell cancer can look like a large bump or a big area of abnormal skin.
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  • Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of cancer.
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  • A symptom you may notice if you have contracted basal cell carcinoma is a bump on your face or neck that feels waxy or has a pearl quality to it.
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  • There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma.
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  • Although the term "melanoma" is heard frequently on medical TV shows, the most common type of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma, affecting over a million people a year in the States alone.
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  • More than 90 percent of all cases of skin cancer in the US are basal cell carcinomas.
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  • The symptoms of basal cell carcinoma will either be small, pearly nodules or what appear to be flat, waxy scars.
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  • As with basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma most often appears first on sun-exposed skin, although it can occur anywhere on the body.
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  • The black horns, which are ringed in their basal portion, are comparatively short and not unlike those of the Asiatic serows in general characters, being subcylindrical, and curving slightly backwards.
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    1
  • Round the Australian Bight it continues parallel to the coast, until south of Spencer Gulf (the basal ledge still averaging 8000 ft.
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  • tubes of the basal perisarc do not remain FIG.
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  • Budding from the hydrocaulus may be combined with budding from the hydrorhiza, so that numer ous branching colonies arise from a common basal stolon.
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  • This may possibly be the cell sap in their interior, which must exercise a slightly different hydrostatic pressure on the basal and, the lateral walls of the cells.
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  • Auditory ment in the crocodile, and with the ", chain " of Chicken, X 6 processus folii of the mammalian diameters; lateral and basal malleus, it follows that the whole views.
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  • 39) have jointed, flexible palps, feelers - often of excessive length - with a short basal segment, and the three terminal segments forming a club, and, in some genera, larvae with legs.
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  • In many of those ants whose third abdominal segment forms a second " node," the basal dorsal region of the fourth segment is traversed by a large number of very fine transverse striations; over these the sharp hinder edge of the third segment can be scraped to and fro, and the result is a stridulating organ which gives rise to a note of very high pitch.
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  • In their typical state of development, the first maxillae offer a striking contrast to the mandibles, being composed of a two-segmented basal piece (cardo and stipes, fig.
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  • The fused cardines form a broad basal plate (sub-mentum) and the stipites a smaller plate (mentum) - see fig.
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  • I) bounded by the two faces of the basal pinacoid (c) and the four faces of the prism (m); the angle between the prism-faces (mm) is 78° 23', whilst that between c and m is go.
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  • The mouth lying far back, so that the basal segments of all the prosomatic appendages, excepting those of the 1st pair, are capable of acting as masticatory organs.
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  • Mouth situated more forwards than in Delobranchia, no share in mastication being taken by the basal segments of the 5th and 6th pairs of prosomatic appendages.
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  • - Prosoma covered by a single dorsal shield, bearing typically median and lateral eyes; its sternal elements reduced to a single plate lodged between or behind the basal segments of the 5th and 6th pairs of appendages.
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  • Appendages of 2nd pair with their basal segments united in the middle line and incapable of lateral movement; appendages of 3rd pair with only the apical segment many-jointed.
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  • (Original drawing by Pocock.) freely movable; claw free or fused; basal segments of 4th and 5th pairs widely separated by the sternal area; appendages of 3rd pair with all the segments except the proximal three, forming a manyjointed flagellum.
    1
    1
  • Appendages of 1st pair consisting of three segments, completely chelate, without poison gland; of 2nd pair slender, leg-like, tipped with three claws, the basal segment without sterno-coxal process taking no share in mastication, and widely separated from its fellow of the opposite side; 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th appendages similar in form to the 2nd and to each other.
    0
    1
  • The basal half is dull white, oval in section and coarsely fibrous, the middle part smooth, shining and round, and the tip black.
    4
    6
  • 2 and 3 are bounded by the domes d and f and the basal pinacoid c; fig.
    0
    3