In August it was found at Anderson's Creek, near Melbourne; a few weeks later the great Ballarat gold-field, 80 m.
The principal cities and towns are Sydney (pop. 530,000), Newcastle, Broken Hill, Parramatta, Goulburn, Maitland, Bathurst, Orange, Lithgow, Tamworth, Grafton, Wagga and Albury, in New South Wales; Melbourne (pop. 511,900), Ballarat, Bendigo, Geelong, Eaglehawk, Warrnambool, Castlemaine, and Stawell in Victoria; Brisbane (pop. 128,000), Rockhampton, Maryborough, Townsville, Gympie, Ipswich, and Toowoomba in Queensland; Adelaide (pop. about 175,000), Port Adelaide and Port Pirie in South Australia; Perth (pop. 56,000), Fremantle, and Kalgoorlie in Western Australia; and Hobart (pop. 35,500) and Launceston in Tasmania.
In the Ballarat district a depth of 2520 ft.
BALLARAT [BALLAARAT] and Ballarat East, a city and a town of Grenville county, Victoria, Australia, 74 m.
The city and Ballarat East, separated only by the Yarrowee Creek, are distinct municipalities.
Pop. of Ballarat (1901) 25,448, of Ballarat East, 18,262.
Ballarat is the second city and the chief gold-mining centre of the state.
Ballarat is an important railway centre and its industries include woollenmilling, brewing, iron-founding, flour-milling and distilling.
Although the district is principally devoted to mining it is well adapted for sheep-farming, and some of the finest wool in the world is produced near Ballarat.
In 1870 Ballarat was raised to the rank of a city.
The discovery of gold at Ballarat in 1851 brought another influx of population to the district, and the town grew from 30,000 to ioo,000 in the course of two or three years.
Ballarat, the second city of Victoria, lies above 100 m.
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