Long, the grains thinner and longer than in the two-rowed race, and the awns stiff and firmly adhering to the flowering glume.
In both the fruits fall out freely from the glume, and in the latter the awns are three-pronged and shorter than the grain.
Protected by awns, are round, hard, smooth, shining, brownish-red, and somewhat larger than mustard seeds.
The pili grass (Heteropogon contortus) is also noxious, for its awns get badly entangled in the wool of sheep. The native manienie (Stenotaphrum americanum) and kukai (Panicum pruriens), however, are relished by stock and are found on all the inhabited islands; the Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon), a June grass (Poa annua), and Guinea grass (Panicum jumentorum) have also been successfully introduced.
Pennata (Feather Grass), i 2 ft., is a very gracefulhabited grass, with stiff slender erect leaves, and long feathery awns to the seeds.
The lower part is most often suppressed, and in the large group of the Paniceae awns of any sort are very rarely seen.
In the turgid wheats the glumes have long awns, and the seed is turgid and floury, as in the common wheats.
Further subdivisions are made, according to the presence or absence of awns (bearded and beardless wheats), the colour of the ears (white, fawncoloured or red), the texture of the ears (glabrous - i.e.
In the jointed or spelt wheats the distinctions lie in the presence of awns, the direction of the points of the glumes (straight, bent outwards, or turned inwards), the form of the ear as revealed on a cross-section, and the entire or cleft palea.