How to use Authoritative in a sentence
His character was at once authoritative and weak.
The text of Ibelin became a textus receptus - but it also became overlaid by glosses, for it was used as authoritative in the kingdom of Cyprus after the loss of the kingdom of Jerusalem, and it needed expounding.
Its independent value is small, but it sometimes fills a gap left by the more authoritative records.
It is therefore reasonable to hold that the Hebrew Psalter was completed and recognized as an authoritative collection long enough before 130 B.C. to allow of its passing to the Greek-speaking Jews in Alexandria.
The Anglican Church, while still commemorating many of the Catholic saints, has not, since the Reformation, admitted any new names to the authoritative list, with the single exception of that of King Charles I., whose "martyrdom" was celebrated by authority from the Restoration until the year 1859.Advertisement
Himself well trained in the learning and medical science of the day, he despised and trampled upon all traditional and authoritative teachings.
More detailed or authoritative reviews can be difficult to find.
This system, which for many years subsequently was regarded as authoritative, has been subjected to vigorous criticism by later economists, and it is perhaps not too much to say that it now possesses mainly an historical interest.
Additionally, both signs have an inborn need to be in charge and to be the authoritative partner in a relationship.
Authoritative parenting is the ideal for which most parents try to strive.Advertisement
Their Ask-a-Vet section allows readers to submit questions for thoughtful, authoritative information.
Additional assistance for helping you find the best organic vitamins can come from other authoritative sources such as the Non-GMO Project.
Preschoolers with authoritative parents are curious about new experiences, focused and skilled at play, self-reliant, self-controlled, and cheerful.
Authoritative parenting that combines warmth and firmness has the most positive impact on the youngster's development.
Authoritative parents show respect for the opinions of each of their children by allowing them to be different.Advertisement
Parents can be authoritative without being dictatorial in teaching their children how to manage money.
When choosing a treatment option, it is important to investigate authoritative sources that provide a basis through documented studies for the validity of the treatment.
If you've always had a love-hate relationship with your fine hair and can't seem to win the long battle, take a more authoritative stance as you move forward.
The Rider-Waite deck of cards is considered to be an authoritative voice of the traditional 78-card deck of tarot cards.
Allow Choices-Some autistic children rebel against rigid authoritative instruction, but they respond quite well when given specific choices.Advertisement
Authoritative parents seek to set clear and age-appropriate guidelines for their children.
Children who are raised in an authoritative environment learn to take responsibility for their behavior because the expectations are clearly communicated as are the reasons behind those expectations.
Do you subscribe to the permissive parenting style or are you more authoritative with your children?
In between are democratic, authoritative methods and attachment parenting.
Some believe that the authoritative and attachment parenting methods are superior to the authoritarian and permissive styles.Advertisement
Those who fall under the strict, authoritarian style may benefit from looking at authoritative methods and those who fall under the permissive style may benefit from considering attachment parenting methods.
Active is an interactive approach similar to the authoritative or democratic style.
Many online quizzes about parenting styles are readily available and after awhile, you can easily tell which answers belong to authoritarian, permissive and authoritative methods.
The authoritative parenting style and its outcomes are part of the debate over the most effective way to raise children.
Is being authoritative the best way to give a child a successful life?
The term "authoritative parenting style" came out of the research of clinical psychologist Diana Baumrind.
Authoritative parents demand good behavior but are responsive to the child's needs and desires.
Dr. Gwen Dyer wrote a comprehensive article on the authoritative parenting style and its outcomes for the website Parenting Science.
Authoritative parenting also encourages self-expression and independence; it is very nurturing of a child's needs.
By modeling empathy for their children, authoritative parents seem to raise more empathetic children.
Another quality of the authoritative parent is a better connection between the parent and child.
Diana Baumrind's research has also shown that authoritative parents have been "remarkably successful in protecting their adolescents from problem drug use."
Baumrind and others have found that children raised in the authoritative environment have a better opinion of themselves as well.
While individual children and parents vary, the research seems to indicate that of the four styles, authoritative parenting results in the best outcomes for kids.
Like any social study, it can't be conclusive, but the overwhelming evidence is that the outcome of authoritative parenting is happier, more popular, and more competent children.
The four basic styles are authoritarian, permissive/indulgent, authoritative, and uninvolved.
The authoritative parent falls in between the authoritarian and permissive parenting styles.
Children of authoritative parents demonstrate more self-control, higher self-esteem, and a higher level of self-direction.
Authoritative parents fall somewhere in between the two.
From the record of actual exports and a comparison of the most authoritative estimates of total production, it may be said that from 1848 to 1856 the yield was almost certainly not less than $450,000,000, and that about 1870 the billion dollar mark had been passed.
The authoritative biography is by Ch.
Of the works mentioned C. de Freycinet's La Question d'Egypte (Paris, 1905) gives the most authoritative account of the diplomatic developments.
For not only were its founder and his disciples Asiatics, and the original authoritative writings Semitic, but Asiatic tribes and nations coming into Europe have been readily converted.
Even the prophets had spoken in the name of God; they accepted neither book nor priesthood as authoritative, but uttered their truth as they were inspired to speak, and commanded men to listen and obey.
In their theory of a triple manifestation of an impersonal deity, the Brahmanical theologians, as we have seen, had indeed elaborated a doctrine which might have seemed to form a reasonable, authoritative creed for logy.
Ramananda's teaching was thus of a distinctly levelling and popular character; and, in accordance therewith, the Bhakta-mala and other authoritative writings of the sect are composed, not in Sanskrit, but in the popular dialects.
The smallest species, commonly known in English as the long-tailed or Buffon's generally likened to the marlinespike that is identified with the boatswain's position; but perhaps the authoritative character assumed by both bird and officer originally suggested the name.
In the article Midrash it will be seen that new teaching could justify itself by a reinterpretation of the old writings, and that the traditions of former authoritative figures could become the framework of a teaching considerably later than their age.
Especially interesting are the Baraithas which are preserved in the Gemara in Hebrew; they are " external " decisions not included in the more authoritative 4 See Strack, p. 16 seq.
The Palestinian Talmud, although used by the Qaraites in their controversies, fell into neglect, and the Babylonian recension became, what it has since been, the authoritative guide.
The Geonim in their " Responses " or " Questions and Answers " supplied authoritative interpretations of the Old Testament or of the Talmud, and regulated the application of the teaching of the past to the changed conditions under which their brethren now lived.
In any case, the Talmud must be judged, like other authoritative religious literature, by its place in history and by its survival.
The Talmud itself is still the authoritative and practical guide of the great mass of the Jews, and is too closely connected with contemporary and earlier Palestinian history to of be neglected by Christians.
This union, however, exerts no authoritative action over the separate churches.
Naturally, after 1544, when the Council of Trent had formally declared the Bible and tradition to be equally authoritative sources of all Christian doctrine, the contrast between the old and the new teaching became more obvious; and in many countries a middle party arose which aimed at a compromise by going back to the Church of the Fathers.
Frederick, whose authoritative temper was at once offended by the independent tone of the Arnoldist party, concluded with the pope a treaty of alliance (October 16, 1152) of such a nature that the Arnoldists were at once put in a minority in the Roman government; and when the second successor of Eugenius III., the energetic and austere Adrian IV.(the Englishman, Nicholas Breakspear), placed Rome under an interdict, the senate, already rudely shaken, submitted, and Arnold was forced to fly into Campania (1155).
His laborious operations for determining the mean density of the earth, carried on by Henry Cavendish's method (1838-1842), yielded for it the authoritative value of 5.66.
His fame as a lawyer rests on his authoritative exposition of the Code Napoleon in his Principes de droit civil (Brussels, 33 vols., 1869-1878), and his Droit civil international (Brussels, 8 vols., 1880-1881).
The boundaries as fixed by Congress were rejected by a convention which met on the 4th of September at Ann Arbor, but they were accepted by the convention of the Jackson party, which met, also at Ann Arbor, on the 6th of December; the action of this latter convention was considered authoritative by Congress, which admitted Michigan into the Union as a state on the 26th of January 1837.
They imply the existence of a community with which Paul was personally acquainted, and to which he felt himself bound and free to address keen, authoritative reproaches.
Hardly an "old master" remains an authoritative book of reference.
He had no party views; the Heidelberg catechism, authoritative in Holland, he criticized.
His authoritative and energetic will inspired, and in great measure directed, the policy of the west Frankish kingdom until his death.
The fact that in no other scriptural passage is mention made of any Median ruler between the last Semitic king of Babylon and Cyrus, and the absolute silence of the authoritative ancient authors regarding such a king, make it apparent that the late author of Daniel is again in error in this particular.
The results of this introspective mysticism were collected by him in a series of fifty-four (originally forty-eight) treatises, arranged in six "Enneads," which constitute the most authoritative exposition of Neoplatonism.
The first authoritative mention of it is in the Synod of Lerida (524), and since the 6th century it has been recognized as the beginning of the ecclesiastical year.
But though one of the fontes juris Scotiae, canon law never was of itself authoritative in Scotland.
Although at bottom authoritative he surrounded himself with admirable advisers (Sully, Sillery, Villeroy, Jeannin) and profited from their co-operation.
Dillon's History of Indiana (Indianapolis, 1859) is the most authoritative account of the early history to 1816.
The series as a whole has been accepted as finally authoritative, supplanting its predecessors of similar aim, and almost - in the words of Theodore Roosevelt - founding a new school of naval historical writing.
But three other methods of confession for private use are mentioned in the exhortations in the communion service, which constitute the principal directory for private devotions among the authoritative documents of the English Church.
The other chief difficulty arose from the absence of any authoritative restraint on the hearing of confessions by young and unqualified priests, the Church of England merely directing the penitent who wishes for special help to resort to any "discreet and learned minister."
Parliamentary diarists like DEwes, Burton and Walter Yonge, only a fragment of whose shorthand notes in the British Museum has been published (Camden Society), elucidate the bare official statements; and from 1660 the series of parliamentary debates is fairly complete, though not so full or authoritative as it becomes with Hansard in the 19th century.
Protestant ecclesiastical law, then, is distinguished from that of the Roman Catholic Church (1) by being more limited in its scope, (2) by having for its authoritative source, not the Church only or even mainly, but the Church in more or less complete union with or subordination to the State, the latter being considered, equally with the Church, as an organ of the will of God.
Therefore it declares that nothing in this constitution is to be construed as an authoritative test; and we cordially invite to our working fellowship any who, while differing from us in belief, are in general sympathy with our spirit and our practical aims."
Cicero says, " Physiologia naturae ratio," and such was the meaning of the name Physiologus, given to a cyclopaedia of what was known and imagined about earth, sea, sky, birds, beasts and fishes, which for a thousand years was the authoritative source of information on these matters, and was translated into every European tongue.
The toleration which he spent his life in arguing for involved a change from the authoritative and absolute to the relative point of view, as regards man's means of knowledge and belief.
It comprises an autobiographical narrative pieced together from various sources, a large collection of Flamsteed's letters, a revised and enlarged edition of the British Catalogue, besides authoritative and detailed introductory discussions.
Diimmler has also published an authoritative edition, Epistolae aevi Carolini, vol.
But to Butler's more cautious mind the completeness of this harmony did not seem sufficiently demonstrable to be taken as a basis of moral teaching; he has at least to contemplate the possibility of a man being convinced of the opposite; and he argues that unless we regard conscience as essentially authoritative - which is not implied in the term " moral sense " - such a man is really bound to be vicious; " since interest, one's own happiness, is a manifest obligation."
Or, again, we should recognize as a test of the " authoritative " character of moral ideas or feelings the fact that they are complex and representative, referring to a remote rather than to a proximate good, remembering the while that " the sense of duty is transitory, and will diminish as fast as moralization increases."
And he finds all the conceptions by which men have hoped to reconcile admitted antagonisms and divergencies between moral ideals claiming to be ultimate and authoritative alike unsatisfactory (p. 285).
No authoritative chief was assigned to it until 1771.
Of those written from a conservative or traditional stand 1 The south of Palestine, if less disturbed by these changes, may well have had access to older authoritative material.
The increasing number of her adherents, and her inexperience of government on such a vast and complicated scale, obliged her to comply with political necessity and to adopt the system of the state and its social customs. The Church was no longer a fraternity, on a footing of equality, with freedom of belief and tentative as to dogma, but an authoritative aristocratic hierarchy.
His principles are set forth in his Consilium Rationis Bellicae (best edition, Posen, 1879), which was long regarded as authoritative.
Mr Chamberlain had relied on his personal influence, which from 1895 to 1902 had been supreme; but his own resignation, and the course of events, had since 1903 made his personality less authoritative, and new interests - such as the opposition to the Education Act, to the heavy taxation, and to Chinese labour in the Transvaal, and indignation over the revelations concerned with the war - were monopolizing attention, to the weakening of his hold on the public. The revival in trade, and the production of new statistics which appeared to stultify Mr Chamberlain's prophecies of progressive decline, enabled the free-trade champions to reassure their audiences as to the very foundation of his case, and to represent the whole tariff reform movement as no less unnecessary than risky.
His Magyar agrdrpolitik (Budapest, 1897), authoritative on its subject, was translated into German the same year (Leipzig).
On the other hand the modern view of the inspiration of the Scriptures does not necessitate the acceptance of the doctrine of the Scriptures on this subject as finally and absolutely authoritative.
His influence in Oxford was supreme about the year 1839, when, however, his study of the monophysite heresy first raised in his mind a doubt as to whether the Anglican position was really tenable on those principles of ecclesiastical authority which he had accepted; and this doubt returned when he read, in Wiseman's article in the Dublin Review on "The Anglican Claim," the words of St Augustine against the Donatists, "secures judicat orbis terrarum," words which suggested a simpler authoritative rule than that of the teaching of antiquity.
It was the uniquely authoritative voice of Nina Simone, however, which succeeded in making I Loves You Porgy such a pivotal song.
Done in duplicate at Budapest this first day of November 1978, in the English and Hungarian languages, both texts being equally authoritative.
Many apparently authoritative sites do not mention this crucial information i.e. they were prepared before this knowledge was available and have not been up-dated.
Athanasius clearly distinguished between the truly authoritative and canonical writings from those that he considered were simply useful reading.
To celebrate the centenary of Moore's birth in 1898, John Hedgecoe prepared this highly personal yet highly authoritative book.
We would encourage ONS to continue to develop its approach to low pay in order that the figures can be regarded as authoritative.
Bibliographic information embedded in the publication is considered more authoritative.
He may think that this makes him sound authoritative, when all it actually does is display boorishness and a limited vocabulary.
The Penguin Writers ' Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy-to-follow guidance on specific aspects of written English.
As the medical profession grew in expertise and stature, their calls for legal controls on opiates and cocaine became more authoritative.
Any web design needs to look authoritative, convey the correct messages and download with optimum speed.
Its goal is to provide the most authoritative, publicly-available bathymetry for the world's oceans.
Examining the general principles of liability and focusing on the concept of duty, this authoritative text offers unrivaled breadth and depth of coverage.
This book provides a highly authoritative account and analysis of key issues within the rapidly burgeoning field of cybercrime.
It is an authoritative divine decree by God's determined judgment.
They are likely to be pragmatic rather than ideological and there is less deference to ' authoritative ' figures.
Blue Guides have long enjoyed a reputation as authoritative, accurate and detailed guidebooks.
Now in its Third Edition, this best-selling handbook is a practical, authoritative guide to more than 600 diseases.
You criticize Gilson; yet his work is still regarded by many as authoritative and, of course, carried the imprimatur * .
The information given is not an authoritative interpretation of the law.
Our unrivaled pedigree of 140 years makes us the most authoritative, independent advocate of women's rights in the UK.
And I found a rather authoritative pronouncement that it was caused by the recovery from polio.
The Learning Partnerships have also been charged with the role of being the " authoritative voice of the learner " .
There's something authoritative about the familiar chunky design, but nothing vulgar.
He was the author of several widely popular poems (principally in the Lancashire dialect) showing sympathy with the conditions of his class, and his Passages in the Life of a Radical (1840-1844) is an authoritative history of the condition of the working classes in the years succeeding the battle of Waterloo.
Trevelyan, Garibaldi's Defence of the Roman Republic (London, 1907), which contains an excellent sketch of Garibaldi's early career, of the events leading up to the proclamation of the Roman Republic, and a picturesque, detailed and authoritative account of the defence of Rome and of Garibaldi's flight, with a very full bibliography; also Trevelyan's Garibaldi and the Thousand (1909).
The great literary achievements of the Greeks in the 5th century lay already far enough behind to have become invested with a classical dignity; the meaning of Hellenic civilization had been made concrete in a way which might sustain enthusiasm for a body of ideal values, authoritative by tradition.
They would discharge their pastoral duties as individuals, but when a solemn ecclesiastical act, like ordination, was performed, it would be done, as in the case of Timothy, by" the laying on of the hands of the presbytery "; 14 and when an authoritative decision had to be reached, as in regard to circumcision, a synod or court was called together for the purpose.
The striking and universal success which crowned his work on the Suez Cknal gave him an absoluteness of thought which brooked no contradiction, a despotic temper before which every one must bow, and against which, when he had once taken a resolution, nothing could prevail, not even the most authoritative opposition or the most legitimate entreaties.
Its history is not so much that of a single evolving doctrine, but and ignorance," and as " an authoritative imposture."' Later ethical empiricism is more refined.
It is Clarke's defence of free will, Clarke's idealist theory of eternal " fitness " as the basis of ethical distinctions, perhaps Clarke's teaching on immortality, that Butler regards as " the common known arguments " and authoritative enunciations of truth in the regions of philosophy or Natural Theology.'
In popular usage "conscience" is generally understood to give intuitively authoritative decisions as regards the moral quality of single actions; this usage implicitly assumes that every action has an objective or intrinsic goodness or badness, which "conscience" may be said to discern much in the same way as the eye sees or the ear hears.
Petavius's great work De theologicis dogmatibus (especially the 1st vol., 1644) made the word " dogma " current for doctrines which were authoritative as formulated by the church.
These are not the words of a man who is following a complete and authoritative poem; judging from the context of the other references to Bleheris he was rather a collector and versifier of short episodic tales, and it seems far more natural to understand Thomas as having wrought into one complete and consecutive form the various poems with which the name of Breri was associated, than to hold that that, or a similar, work had already been achieved by another.
Here too there was no deliberate intention of writing a series of books that should be at once accepted as sacred and authoritative.
This judgment, founded as was afterwards admitted on insufficient knowledge, produced no effect; and, in the absence of any authoritative pronouncement, advantage was taken of the ambiguous language of the Ornaments Rubric to introduce into many churches practically the whole ceremonial use of lights as practised in the pre-Reformation Church.
For authoritative declarations upon the latest moot points the Transactions of the International Union for Solar Research (Manchester) may be consulted, vol.
Later authoritative pronouncements on the part of the Roman Catholic Church favour Thomism and disown the Occamites; though the keen hostile criticism of Harnack affirms that the Church had need of both systems - of Thomism, to champion its cause in the arena of thought, and of the Nominalist theology to aggrandize the Church as the ruling power in practice.
He compiled new tables of the sun and moon, long accepted as authoritative, discovered the movement of the sun's apogee, and assigned to annual precession the improved value of 55".
True, not all are called to authoritative leadership in the Church - senior leadership that requires public pulpit preaching.
Their lives and careers are recorded in this 6th publication of the authoritative and highly popular Scots-Irish Chronicles.
Taxi drivers - the best arbiters in any country - do n't have the same wariness that usually comes with authoritative regimes.
At the door he paused with his hand on the knob, his tone once again authoritative.
The ritual books of our Pentateuch were not then in existence, and the sacrificial cult might be treated with contempt as not authoritative.
From a fresh discussion of the transits of Venus in 1761 and 1769 he deduced (1822-1824) a solar parallax of 8" 57, long accepted as authoritative.
Legge, who finds true theism at the dawn of Chinese history, is the most authoritative representative of such views.
Investigations of every kind which have been based on original sources of knowledge may be styled "research," and it may be said that without "research" no authoritative works have been written, no scientific discoveries or inventions made, no theories of any value propounded; but the word also has a somewhat restricted meaning attached to it in current usage.
Shortly after his return to England he published his England in Egypt, which at once became the authoritative account of the work done since the British occupation.
As for copes, in some places they were ordered to be worn, and were worn at the Holy Communion, 4 while elsewhere they were thrown into the bonfires with the rest.5 The difficulty seems to have been not to suppress the chasuble, of the use of which after 1559 not a single authoritative instance has been adduced, but to save the surplice, which the more zealous Puritans looked on with scarcely less disfavour.
Moreover, in a letter to Cardinal Richard, archbishop of Paris, the pope affirms that this his solemn decision is " firm, authoritative and irrevocable."
Twentieth-Century Impressions of Natal (London, 1906) deals with the peoples, commerce, industries and resources of the colony; the Census of the Colony of Natal, April 1904 (Maritzburg, 1905) contains a large amount of authoritative information; The Natal Almanac is a directory and yearly register published at Maritzburg.
Pre-Darwinian zoologists had been aware of the class of facts thus interpreted by Fritz Muller, but the authoritative view on the subject had been that there is a parallelism between (a) the series of forms which occur in individual development, (b) the series of existing forms from lower to higher, and (c) the series of forms which succeed 'one another in the strata of the earth's crust, whilst an explanation of this parallelism was either not attempted, or was illusively offered in the shape of a doctrine of harmony of plan in creation.
One result of the introduction of the new conceptions dating from Darwin was a healthy reaction from that attitude of mind which led to the regarding of the classes and orders recognized by authoritative zoologists as sacred institutions which were beyond the criticism of ordinary men.
Of these the Etudes sur la condition de la classe agricole et l'Nat de l'agriculture en Normandie au moyen dge (1851), condensing an enormous mass of facts drawn from the local archives, was reprinted in 1905 without change, and remains authoritative.
The tradition that the utterance of the name in the daily benedictions ceased with the death of Simeon the Just, two centuries or more before the Christian era, perhaps arose from a misunderstanding of Menalioth, 109b; in any case it cannot stand against the testimony of older and more authoritative texts.
It allowed that the bishops were the successors of the apostles, that the Catholic rule of faith was a complete and authoritative exposition of Christianity, and that the New Testament was the supreme rule of the Christian life.
Preeminently he was a devout ecclesiastic, a "great priest"; and his sermons, both Anglican and Catholic, are marked by fervour and dignity, by a conviction of his own authoritative mission as preacher, and by an eloquent insistence on considerations such as warm the heart and bend the will rather than on such as force the intellect to assent.
Judas is conceived as cherishing the intention of discussing for the benefit of the Christian world (for no mere local church is addressed) the subject of " our common salvation " (the much desiderated authoritative definition of the orthodox faith), but diverted from this purpose by the growth of heresy.
It is absent from the so-called Synopsis of Athanasius, the Stichometry of Nicephorus, the List of Sixty Books and other authoritative documents.
When the authoritative version was completed all copies of Hafsa's record were destroyed, in order to prevent possible disputes and divisions.
Prior to Charlemagne .it is probable that several other collections of homilies had obtained considerable popularity, but in the time of that emperor these had suffered so many mutilations and corruptions that an authoritative revision was felt to be imperatively necessary.
A sudden loss of power then supervened, and on Friday evening, the 18th of January, the Court Circular published an authoritative announcement of her illness.
The Church was thus in possession not only of authoritative apostolic doctrine, but also of a permanent apostolic office, to which alone belonged the right to determine what that doctrine is.
At the council of Nicaea, and at the ecumenical councils which followed, the idea of an infallible episcopate giving authoritative and permanent utterance to apostolic and therefore divine truth, found clear expression, and has been handed down as a part of the faith of the Catholic Church both East and West.
This involved the question of the relation in theology of authority and reason, and of whether the theological method is authoritative or rational.
Historically speaking, it is indisputable that the practice of Indulgences in the medieval p4 +p2 C1C2(L1L2 M 2) + church arose out of the authoritative remission, in exceptional cases, of a certain proportion of this canonical penalty.
Stephane Gsell's Les monuments antiques de l'Algerie (2 vols., Paris, 1901), one of the publications of the Service des monuments historiques of the colony, is an authoritative and finely illustrated work on the antiquities of Algeria.
The Law was the first part to be definitely recognized as authoritative, or canonized; the " Prophets " (as defined above) were next accepted as canonical; the more miscellaneous collection of books comprised in the Hagiographa was recognized last.
This word need not mean, but may quite well and pointedly mean, a collection specially of Sayings, and would still more aptly denote a collection of divine or authoritative sayings (Xryca=prop. "oracles ").
This is, according to the Bull of 1592, the authoritative edition, and has since then been accepted as such in the Latin Church.
This literature is especially valuable because it illustrates contemporary Halaka and Haggada, and it illuminates the circle of thought with which Jesus and his followers were familiar; it thus fills the gap between the Old Testament and the authoritative Rabbinical Midrashim which, though often in a form several centuries later, not rarely preserve older material.'
He announced the existence of hydrogen, among other elements, in the sun's atmosphere in 1862, and in 1868 published his great map of the normal solar spectrum which long remained authoritative in questions of wave-length, although his measurements were inexact to the extent of one part in 7000 or 8000 owing to the metre which he used as his standard having been slightly too short.
Authoritative standards and instruments for the measurement of electricity, based on the fundamental units of the metric system, have been placed in the Electrical Laboratory of the Board of Trade.
The decision of the courts has always been accepted as authoritative and final.
How otherwise, we wonder, could one man writing alone and with so few predecessors compose the first systematic treatises on the psychology of the mental powers and on the logic of reasoning, the first natural history of animals, and the first civil history of one hundred and fifty-eight constitutions, in addition to authoritative treatises on metaphysics, biology, ethics, politics, rhetoric and poetry; in all penetrating to the very essence of the subject, and, what is most wonderful, describing more facts than any other man has ever done on so many subjects ?
Such is Aristotle's realism of individuals and universals, contained in his primary philosophy, as expressed in the Metaphysics, especially in Book Z, his authoritative pronouncement on being and substance.
Later he issued an authoritative work on mineral veins, Untersuchungen fiber Erzgange (1882-1885).
The notices of Virgil's text, though seldom or never authoritative in face of the existing MSS., which go back to, or even beyond, the times of Servius, yet supply valuable information concerning the ancient recensions and textual criticism of Virgil.
The word thus came to be applied to the whole body of doctrine taught by Christ and his disciples, and so to the Christian revelation generally (see Christianity); by analogy the term " gospel " is also used in other connexions as equivalent to " authoritative teaching."
We shall return, then, to the clearer and more authoritative division, and proceed to discuss materialism, idealism and realism in their order.
It is evident that a philosophy containing so many questionable opinions is not fit to be made into an authoritative orthodoxy in metaphysics.
The Thomism, therefore, of our day is wrong, from a metaphysical point of view, so far as it elevates Aristotelianism, as seriously modified but not fundamentally corrected by Aquinas, into an authoritative orthodoxy in metaphysics.
An authoritative record of the outlines of his life was only discovered early in the 19th century in a writing of Auxentius of Milan, his pupil and companion.
The Anglo-Saxon homilist 1Elfric, in his Lives of the Saints (996 or 997), refers to it as in common use; but the earliest evidence of its authoritative prescription is a decree of the synod of Beneventum in 1091.
The discussions were approved by the pope and the emperor, but had no popular feeling behind them, and though the negotiations were continued for ten years, especially between Molanus on the one side and Bossuet on the other, no agreement was reached, for the Protestants could not accept the Council of Trent as authoritative or surrender the matter of communion under both species.
Newman, which could not be content with a compromise with truth, but feared to face ultimate realities, the rigidly authoritative attitude of Rome made an irresistible appeal.
As an historian he published Origines de l'institution des intendants de provinces (1884), which is the authoritative study on the intendants; Etudes historiques sur les X VI e et X VIP siecles en France (1886); Histoire de Richelieu (2 vols., 1888); and Histoire de la Troisieme Republique (1904, &c.), the standard history of contemporary France.
History has offered the authoritative commentary on the prophecy of the Parousia of Christ.
He was one of the most learned and authoritative scholars of his time in all matters pertaining to the Arabic language, antiquities and stories, and is constantly cited by later authors and compilers.
Although Columba is said to have planted a church here, the authoritative history of the town does not begin for several centuries after the era of the saint.
The modern revival, in certain churches of an "advanced" type, of the ceremonies of blessing the palms and carrying them in procession has no official warrant, and is therefore without any significance as illustrating the authoritative point of view of the Church of England.
The trial is well known as among the most brutal perversions of justice which have occurred in England, though it must be remembered that no authoritative report of the trial exists.
Bismarck, knowing that nothing would more impede the consolidation of the empire than an outbreak of local patriotism, always so jealous of its rights, generally used his influence to avoid constitutional disputes, and discouraged the discussion of questions which would require an authoritative interpretation of the constitution.
There was not a state, not the smallest principality, in which some authoritative but imperfect law or code had not been published.
On the 13th of April 1846 an imperial decree abolished some of the more burdensome feudal obligations; but this concession was greeted with so fierce an outcry, as an authoritative endorsement of the atrocities, that it was again revoked, and Count Franz von Stadion was sent to restore order in Galicia.
This work was completed in a few months; and in November 534 the revised Codex (Codex repetitae praelectionis) was promulgated with the force of law, prefaced by a constitution (Cordi nobis) which sets forth its history, and declares it to be alone authoritative, the former Codex being abrogated.
Among the numerous less authoritative biographies may be mentioned Ivan Golovin, Histoire d'Alexandre I.
An authoritative biography is Samuel Tyler's Memoir of Roger Brooke Taney (Baltimore, 1872).
Apart from the titles (which are not authoritative) the difference of style in the various sections indicates difference of authorship. There is, indeed, a certain unity of thought in the book; throughout it inculcates cardinal social virtues, such as industry, thrift, discretion, truthfulness, honesty, chastity, and in general it assumes wisdom to be the guiding principle of life.
This he accomplished by five means - by a council to settle the faith, by edicts promulgating its principles, by a state department to watch over its purity, by missionaries to spread its doctrines, and by an authoritative collection of its sacred books.
He collected the body of doctrine into an authoritative version, in the Magadhi language or dialect of his central kingdom in Behar - a version which for two thousand years has formed the canon (pitakas) of the southern Buddhists.
He displayed similar wisdom and liberality in political affairs by appointing a commission to prepare an abstract of the Roman laws and imperial decrees, which should form the authoritative code for his Roman subjects.
The time spent in these cells was not invariably the same, and as yet no authoritative decision had been made between the solitary and silent systems. The first named had been tried at Pentonville, but the period had been greatly reduced.
The Law Reports is the most authoritative series for published reports of cases which constitute binding precedents in English law.
The church did not put together a canon that made books authoritative because they were included in it.
I think people are instantly more reactive in that they find paper publications more authoritative.
Taxi drivers - the best arbiters in any country - don't have the same wariness that usually comes with authoritative regimes.
But whilst, in its more comprehensive acceptation, the term Hinduism would thus range over the entire historical development of Brahmanical India, it is also not infrequently used in a narrower sense, as denoting more especially the modern phase of Indian social and religious institutions - from the earlier centuries of the Christian era down to our own days - as distinguished from the period dominated by the authoritative doctrine of pantheistic belief, formulated by the speculative theologians during the centuries immediately succeeding the Vedic period (see Brahmanism).
For instance, if you have a Facebook friend Abigail in Albania whom you only met once at a rock-paper-scissors competition years ago, you will generally regard Abigail's first-hand account as authoritative, even though you don't really know Abigail all that well.
When this happens, more often than not, Truth is simply bent over an authoritative knee and soundly spanked into silence.
I was around in 1957, but not in America, so am unqualified to give an authoritative answer.
The Learning Partnerships have also been charged with the role of being the " authoritative voice of the learner ".
There 's something authoritative about the familiar chunky design, but nothing vulgar.
However, when it comes to making important cat care decisions, authoritative facts are your best guide.
There are a number of authoritative sources on the matter, including some that are run by otherwise straight media outlets.
New Advent calls its website "The Catholic Encyclopedia" and claims that it seeks to provide "full and authoritative information" about the faith to the general public.
This is a personal family choice and no one can make that decision except you and the other authoritative relatives in your son's life.
Boot camps are military style camps that use rigid authoritative procedures to scare teens straight.
Under his authoritative guidance, she excelled at school and joined the speech club.
Since its conception in 1992, the magazine has built a reputation on being a reliable and authoritative source, providing those who are planning their retirement with great tips, information, and advice.
The results of permissive parenting style studies vary a great deal among cultures, suggesting that what is considered permissive in one country may actually fall closer to the lines of authoritative parenting in another region.
While your personality type may at first lead you towards being a permissive parent, your children may benefit from you adapting your style into a more authoritative type of parent.
Remember, authoritative parents are just as responsive as the permissive parents, but they do not allow their responsiveness to negate any boundaries that benefit their children.
However, the process can give you some clues about your parenting style; the three most common types of parenting include authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive.
In popular psychology, the authoritative parenting style is accepted as the "gold standard" for parenting.
Authoritative parents provide clear and consistent boundaries, offer love and support, and are responsive to their child's needs without going overboard with what they allow.
Authoritative parents lay out logical rules they expect their children to follow and enforce consequences that flow logically from violations of these rules.
Lewis is not the only authoritative voice in the field of saving money.
While the world may never find an authoritative answer to the question of invention, no one doubts that all of these early radio alarm clocks sported trendy polished wooden cases that glimmered richly in the light.
From the 1960s through the present day, the Blue Book still stands as one of the most authoritative resources for both new and used car values throughout the automobile industry.
Since manufacturers are not regulated by authoritative agencies, there are no guidelines for what can be printed on product labels.
Select a topic in which you have experience in, positioning yourself as an authoritative figure on the subject.
Featured tax experts provide authoritative advice in a way that is easy to understand.
He began with Peter of Lombardy (who had reduced to theological order, in his famous book on the Sentences, the various authoritative statements of the church upon doctrine) in his In Quatuor Sententiarum P. Lombardi libros.
And the decision of the council at Jerusalem was evidently more than advisory; it was authoritative and meant to be binding on all the churches.
The authoritative manual for the royal houses and the "higher nobility" of Europe is the Almanach de Gotha, published yearly.
Although measures had thus been taken to secure uniformity of observance, and to put an end to a controversy which had endangered Christian unity, a new difficulty had to be encountered owing to the absence of any authoritative rule by which the paschal moon was to be ascertained.
In this work Harnack traces the rise of dogma, by which he understands the authoritative doctrinal system of the 4th century and its development down to the Reformation.
The succeeding clause "they are given from one shepherd" may refer to a collection or revision by one authoritative person, but its relevancy is not obvious.
The only authoritative source for the Sermons is the edition of Pere Bretonneau (14 vols., Paris, 1707-172 I, followed by the Pensees, 2 vols., 1734).
The later middle ages are represented by several monasteries, and many castles, such as those of Dervent, Doboj, Maglaj, Zepee and Vranduk, on the Bosna; Bihac, on Owing to the scarcity of authoritative documents, it is impossible to describe in detail the events of the next three centuries.
No system of doctrine and observance, no manuals containing authoritative rules of morality, were ever transmitted in documentary form.
His pupil Sibawaihi, a Persian, wrote the grammar known simply as The Book, which is generally regarded in the East as authoritative and almost above criticism.
He had drunk deeply of the spirit of the Renaissance, the determination to see for himself the noble universe, unclouded by the mists of authoritative philosophy and church tradition.
Faith was not belief in authoritative teachings; it was trust in the promises of God and in Jesus was apt to seem intangible, and the influence of the learned tradition was strong - for a time, indeed, doctrine was more cultivated among Protestants than in the Church of Rome.
The creeds and confessions do not formulate any authoritative doctrine of angels; and modern rationalism has tended to deny the existence of such beings, or to regard the subject as one on which we can have no certain knowledge.
It never received any authoritative sanction, Edward VI.
The enlargement of the horizon of knowledge by the advance of science, the recognition of the only relative validity of human opinions and beliefs as determined by and adapted to each stage of human development, which is due to the growing historical sense, the alteration of view regarding the nature of inspiration, and the purpose of the Holy Scriptures, the revolt against all ecclesiastical authority, and the acceptance of reason and conscience as alone authoritative, the growth of the spirit of Christian charity, the clamorous demand of the social problem for immediate attention, all combine in making the Christian churches less anxious about the danger, and less zealous in the discovery and condemnation of heresy.