Atrophy can be caused by overwork.
Under the head of malformations we place cases of atrophy of parts or general dwarfing, due to starvation, the attacks of Fungi or minute insects, the presence of unsuitable food-materials and so on, as well as cases of transformation of stamens into petals, carpels into leaves, and so forth.
From atrophy of their roots, caused by the pressure of the growing permanent teeth, the " milk teeth " in children become loose and are cast off.
Many Opisthobranchia have by a process of atrophy lost the typical ctenidium and the mantleskirt, and have developed other organs in their place.
The result was the gradual atrophy of the whole administrative machine.
The loss of an eye will be followed by atrophy of the optic nerve; the tissues in a stump of an amputated limb show atrophic changes; a paralysed limb from long disuse shows much wasting; and one finds at great depths of the sea fishes and marine animals, which have almost completely lost the organs of sight, having been cut off for long ages from the stimuli (light) essential for these organs, and so brought into an atrophic condition from disuse.
He entered the lists boldly against the materialism of " Stoff and Kraft," and avowed himself a Christian believer, whereupon he lost the countenance of a number of his old friends and pupils, and was unfeelingly told that he was suffering from an " atrophy of the brain."
Observations were made on the connexion between thyroid gland and myxoedema, which appeared to show that this disease was dependent upon atrophy of the gland.
Atrophy may follow primary arrest of function - disuse atrophy.
Later the affected muscles become exquisitely tender, and then atrophy, while the knee-jerk or other reflex is lost.
The essential feature of the asymmetry of Gastropoda is the atrophy or disappearance of the primitively left half of the circumanal complex (the right half in sinistral forms), including the gill, the auricle, the osphradium, the hypobranchial gland and the kidney.
The variety of special developments of structure accompanying the atrophy of typical organs in the Opisthobranchia and general degeneration of organization is very great.
In other cases the reproductive cells perhaps pass out by the atrophy of the polypide, whereby the body-cavity may become continuous with the exterior.
The atrophy and total disappearance of ancestrally well-marked somites fre FIG.
The atrophy of the Ottoman sea-power had left the archipelago at the mercy of the Greek war-brigs; piracy flourished; and it became essential in the interests of the commerce of all nations to make some power responsible for the policing of the narrow seas.
In Dictyota the unfertilized oosphere is found to be capable of undergoing a limited number of divisions, but the body thus formed appears to atrophy sooner or later.
They will hold their arms over their heads until the muscles atrophy, will keep their fists clenched till the nails grow through the palms, will lie on beds of nails, cut and stab themselves, drag, week after week, enormous chains loaded with masses of iron, or hang themselves before a fire near enough to scorch.
Increased work thrown on to a tissue may produce hypertrophy, but, if this excessive function be kept up, atrophy will follow; even the blacksmith's arm breaks down owing to the hypertrophic muscle fibres becoming markedly atrophied.
This is followed by the atrophy of many of the larval organs, including the brain, the sense-organ and the ciliated ring.
A safer opinion is probably that " the spiritual growth of Massachusetts withered under the shadow of dominant orthodoxy; the colony was only saved from mental atrophy by its vigorous political life " (J.
Thus the occurrence of blind animals in caves and in the deep sea was a fact which Darwin himself regarded as best explained by the atrophy of the organ of vision in successive generations through the absence of light and 1 Weismann, Vererbung, &c. (1886).
They agree with the true crabs in not having appendages (uropods) to the sixth segment of the pleon, the atrophy being complete in the Homolidae and Homolodromiidae, whereas in the Dromiidae and Dynomenidae a pair of small plates appear to be vestiges of these organs.
Mention should also be made of the partial or complete atrophy of the eyes in many Crustacea which live in darkness, either in the deep sea or in subterranean habitats.
In other species the large individuals have become purely female by atrophy of the male organs, and are entirely dependent on the dwarf males for fertilization.
It was admitted that these elements might atrophy, or be displaced, or be otherwise obscured; but their complete and symmetrical disposition was regarded as typical and original.
His name is especially connected with the first description of locomotor ataxy, progressive muscular atrophy, pseudo-hypertrophic paralysis, glosso-labio laryngeal paralysis and other nervous troubles.
When, for instance, the axons of the ganglion cells of the retina are severed by section of the optic nerve, and thus their influence upon the nerve cells of the visual cerebral centres is set aside, the nerve cells of those centres undergo secondary atrophy (Gadden's atrophy).
- Pelmatozoa in which five (by atrophy four) epithecal ciliated grooves, lying on a lancet-shaped plate (?
The continued use of large doses of alcohol produces chronic gastritis, in which the continued irritation has led to overgrowth of connective tissue, atrophy of the gastric glands and permanent cessation of the gastric functions.
The single ephyra carries the sixteen scyphistoma tentacles, which will atrophy and disappear.
muscular atrophy is a less common form of MND.
- Crinoidea in which the base consists of BB and IBB, the latter being liable to atrophy or fusion with the proximale, but the aboral prolongations of the chambered organ are always radial; new columnals may or may not be introduced at the proximal end of the stem.
48.--Brown atrophy of heart.
Medial temporal lobe atrophy is well described in AD.
Similarly with Anemone infested with Puccinia and Vacciniusn with Catyptospora, and many other cases of deformations due to hypertrophy or atrophy.
Mere enlargement of an organ does not imply that it is in a state of hypertrophy, for some of the largest organs met with in morbid anatomy are in a condition of extreme atrophy.
This physiological wasting is termed senile atrophy.
The toxic actions produced in continued fevers, in certain chronic diseases, and by intestinal parasites largely aid in producing degeneration, emaciation and atrophy.
Thus it is laid down in large quantity in cirrhosis of the liver, kidney or lung, and reacts upon these organs by contracting and inducing atrophy.
The swollen waxy capillaries are pressing on the columns of liver cells and are causing marked atrophy.
The number of these processes is primitively and normally five, but may become less by atrophy.
By them the old councils were rapidly reduced to a state of atrophy.
Patients may progress to vision loss through progressive atrophy of the macular tissue.
Unlike strong topical steroids, studies have shown that tacrolimus ointment does not cause skin atrophy.
Post Polio Muscle atrophy (PPMA) has been used as the label for certain symptoms when they include progressive muscle atrophy.
The document lists atrophy as a possible surgical implication.
He has bilateral optic nerve atrophy, which affects the visual information passing from the eye to the brain.
Muscle atrophy in rodents is created by suspending the animals by their tails for weeks or months at a time.
We report a patient, FM, with progressive fluent aphasia due to selective atrophy of left temporal cortex.
Semantic dementia: progressive fluent aphasia with temporal lobe atrophy.
All results should ideally be zero, as the subjects should not be showing any atrophy.
Progressive muscular atrophy is a less common form of MND.
Hippocampal atrophy is usually the most common finding in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy who are surgically treated.
During the final examination the women underwent scans to examine brain atrophy.
biparietal atrophy is a recognizable clinical syndrome which can be the presenting feature of Alzheimer's disease.
I have extensive calcifications throughout the pancreas, scarring and atrophy.
Stress induces atrophy of apical dendrites of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons.
Toxicities included transient periorbital edema in four eyes and optic atrophy in one eye that also received laser photocoagulation and cryotherapy.
elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy should be tested for.
Extensive or ' geographic ' atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium, however, can result in marked visual acuity loss.
fluent aphasia due to selective atrophy of left temporal cortex.
High incidence of cortical atrophy of the cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres in Cushing's disease.
What are the surgical implications The histology shows villous atrophy with crypt hyperplasia.
Lymphoid atrophy is a dramatic feature of protein energy malnutrition.
Unlike strong topical steroids, studies have shown that tacrolimus ointment does not cause skin atrophy 5, 6.
optic nerve atrophy, which affects the visual information passing from the eye to the brain.
The reason for this lack of atrophy in the presence of muscle paresis has recently been identified.
Very rare cases of reversible extrapyramidal symptoms including parkinsonism, or reversible dementia associated with reversible cerebral atrophy have been reported.
peroneal muscular atrophy with thickened nerves.
Evidence of prior paralytic polio: via EMG, an appropriate history, or characteristic residual atrophy.
A case of progressive muscular atrophy occurring in a man who had acute poliomyelitis nineteen years previously.
retinal atrophy should be tested for.
testicle size is normal and I suffer very little atrophy when on anyway.
Hypothyroidism can arise in dogs either as a result of immune mediated thyroiditis or idiopathic thyroid follicular atrophy.
urogenital atrophy are lacking.
villous atrophy with crypt hyperplasia.
In atrophy we have a series of retrograde processes in organs and tissues, which are usually characterized by a progressive diminution in size which may even end in their complete disappearance (fig.
General atrophy or emaciation is brought about by the tissues being entirely or partially deprived of nutriment, as in starvation, or in malignant, tubercular, and other diseases of the alimentary system which interfere with the proper ingestion, digestion or absorption of food material.
Atrophy may also follow from overwork.
She was far too masculine in mind and temperament, and her extravagant addiction to the outward trappings of femininity was probably due to the absence or atrophy of deeper feminine instincts.
Known Echinoderms show the following features, imagined to be due to an ancestral pelmatozoic stage :- Increase in the coelomic cavities of the left side, and atrophy of those on the right; the dextral coil of the gut, recognizable in all classes, though often obscured; an incomplete secondary bilateralism about the plane including the main axis and the water-pore or its successor, the madreporite, often obscured by one or other of various tertiary bilateralisms; the change of the hydrocoel into a circumoral, arcuate or ring canal; development through a freeswimming, bilaterally symmetrical, ciliated larva, of which in many cases only a portion is transformed into the adult Echinoderm (where care of the brood has secondarily arisen, this larva is not developed).
Testicle size is normal and I suffer very little atrophy when on anyway.
Data on the impact of this regimen on long-term patient compliance, cardiovascular disease risk and urogenital atrophy are lacking.
The spinal neurons that regulate skeletal muscles in the cat's upper body and legs die off and cause muscular atrophy.
Spinal Muscular Atrophy - This is a genetically inherited muscular disease.
In addition, a veterinarian certified as a dog ophthalmologist must test the puppies' eyes since also prone to a myriad of conditions including progressive retinal atrophy.
It also may suffer from eye conditions, such a Progressive Retinal Atrophy.
This breed is also known to suffer from eyelid problems, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), boils on the lip and tumors.
Some Labs are susceptible to eye problems, such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy and retinal dysplasia.
Inactivity leads to muscle atrophy and also worsens many of the aches and pains associated with aging.
It is also known as hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy and is sometimes called peroneal muscular atrophy, referring to the muscles in the leg that are often affected.
Within a few days, the muscle begins to decrease in size (atrophy).
Symptoms include fatigue, slowly progressive muscle weakness, muscle and joint pain, and muscular atrophy.
Spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (Werdnig-Hoffman): a group of inherited diseases causing progressive muscle degeneration and weakness, eventually leading to death.
Some experts believe that this leads to more normal development and less wasting away (atrophy) of the muscles of the limbs.
Finally, electrical stimulation, in conjunction with EMG, can deliver a small amount of electrical current to the muscle to prevent atrophy; it may be performed either by a therapist or at home.
This lack of use can result in decreased muscle tone and shrinkage of the muscle (atrophy).
Bracing may be appropriate for scoliosis due to some types of neuromuscular disease, including spinal muscular atrophy, before growth is finished.
Muscles could be larger than expected (hypertrophy) or smaller due to tissues destruction (atrophy).
DM may cause cataracts in the eye, retinal degeneration, low IQ, early frontal balding, skin disorders, atrophy of the testicles, and diabetes.
This damage is referred to as villus atrophy.
Disorders other than celiac disease can cause a similar type of villus atrophy, especially in children under two years of age, so rechecking the intestine is especially important for very young children.
If the atrophy returns, the child has celiac disease, and a gluten-free diet should be continued for life.
Other body systems are affected as well: myotonic dystrophy may cause cataracts, retinal degeneration, low IQ, frontal balding, skin disorders, testicular atrophy, sleep apnea, and insulin resistance.
Thiamin deficiency results in beriberi, a disease resulting in atrophy, weakness of the legs, nerve damage, and heart failure.
Spinal muscular atrophy is a term that describes a number of different conditions, all of which have in common the gradual deterioration of the voluntary muscles.
Several different conditions fall under the name spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).
These include SMA type I, also called Werdnig-Hoffmann; SMA type II; SMA type III, also called Kugelberg-Welander disease; Kennedy syndrome, or progressive spinobulbar muscular atrophy; and congenital SMA with arthrogryposis.
The autosomal recessive forms of spinal muscular atrophy are the most common inherited cause of infant death.
Each type of spinal muscular atrophy has an incidence of about 10 to 15 cases in every 100,000 live births.
All types of spinal muscular atrophy are genetic diseases.
This form of spinal muscular atrophy only affects men; it is an X-linked recessive disorder, meaning that the defective gene is passed from mother to son.
This is one of the rarest forms of spinal muscular atrophy.
There are no cures for any of the forms of spinal muscular atrophy.
The prognosis for spinal muscular atrophy is variable.
There is no way to prevent spinal muscular atrophy.
As the child grows, the affected part of the brain can atrophy (waste away).
When a child has primarily motor delays, conditions such as cerebral palsy, ataxia, spina bifida, spinal muscular atrophy (withering) and myopathy may be present.
Some participants also showed evidence of corpus callosum atrophy.
Just because you're getting older, it does not mean that you cannot slow the atrophy of your muscles.
When a muscle is not exercised, it begins to weaken and atrophy.
Muscular atrophy leads to a loss of strength and endurance.
Eliminating their need can cause these muscles to atrophy.
This factor creates a domino effect of muscles being to atrophy and it becoming consequently harder to exercise.
I also have atrophy scarring on both arms which looks horrible due to long term steroid cream use.
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