Assumptions sentence example
I buy something because I have certain assumptions about how much happiness it will bring me.
Often assumptions are made which lead to equations in x which cannot be solved "rationally," i.e.
There is no subject of human study which may not be at some time or other of economic significance, and anything which affects the character, the ideals or the environment of man may make it necessary to modify our assumptions and our reasoning with regard to his conduct in economic affairs.
These assumptions, however, were fanciful.
In finding the abutment reactions some principle such as the principle of least action must be used, and some assumptions of doubtful validity made.Advertisement
Many assumptions are made in treating of the flexure of a continuous structure which are not strictly true; no assumption is made in determining the stresses on a frame except that the joints are flexible, and that the frame shall be so stiff as not sensibly to alter in form under the load.
Such a distinction involves the assumptions that bodily pleasures are generically different from mental ones, and that there is in practice a clearly marked dividing line, - both of which hypotheses are frequently denied.
But there is another species of deduction which, as Cliffe Leslie has shown, seriously tainted the philosophy of Smith - in which the premises are not facts ascertained by observation, but the a priori assumptions which we found in the physiocrats.
In his speculations as to the physical cause of the celestial motions, his mind, though not wholly emancipated from the tyranny of gratuitous assumptions, was working steadily towards the light.
He gradually fell under the dominion of two false assumptions.Advertisement
His commentaries on the Scriptures were the first application on an extensive scale of the principle affirmed by Scaliger, that, namely, of interpretation by the rules of grammar without dogmatic assumptions.
While it is evident that some such conclusion must follow from the attempt to regard the cognitive consciousness as made up of disconnected feelings, it is equally clear, not only that the result is selfcontradictory, but that it involves certain assumptions not in any way deducible from the fundamental view with which Hume starts.
There can, on these assumptions, be no doubt that, from the early years of the 5th century B.C., the archonship was of practically no importance.
China and Japan have hitherto been regarded as the chief producers of tea, and the reputed large domestic consumption of those Mongolian peoples has led to assumptions of vast internal productions.
But in such an undertaking one is always apt to take subjective assumptions or mere fancies for established data.Advertisement
Such assumptions are not wholly unjustified.
The obvious way of avoiding the scepticism into which rationalism is thus driven is to revise the assumptions about the nature and postulates of truth which lead to it.
But if thus far Grote's protest against prevalent assumptions carries an immediate and unhesitating conviction, it may be doubted whether his positive statement can be accounted final.
In a very short time he settled his fundamental assumptions.
The simplest assumptions to make are that the vapour behaves as a perfect gas (or that p(v-w) = Re), and that L is constant.Advertisement
From this point of view the equation is a mere truism, its real importance resting on the fact that by attributing suitable values to the masses in, and by making simple assumptions as to the value of X in each case, we are able to frame adequate representations of whole classes of phenomena as they actually occur.
The equation of energy for a rigid body has already been stated (in effect) as a corollary from fundamental assumptions.
We must not suffer it to lead us into rhetoric about the deadness and the darkness of the middle ages, or hamper our inquiry with preconceived assumptions that the re-birth in question was in any true sense a return to the irrecoverable pagan past.
He first introduced into economics on a great scale the method of deduction from a priori assumptions.
He also pointed out more distinctly the nature of the assumptions which we must make with respect to the law of action of the particles in order to be consistent with observed phenomena.Advertisement
He was at issue, however, with the atomistic materialism of Democritus in regard to its twin assumptions of absolute atoms and infinite space.
But for him the alternative was between Calvinism and Arminianism, simply because of the historical situation, and in the refutation of Arminianism on the assumptions common to both sides of the controversy, he must be considered completely successful.
These and similar assumptions are ultimate presuppositions or working hypotheses for the sciences themselves.
It likewise vindicated afresh the rights of the Christian laity in regard to their own beliefs and the work of the Church, against the assumptions and despotism of an arrogant clergy.
These assumptions are probably not nearly correct and, as the stresses caused by the cooling of the casting are unknown, it is necessary to choose a low working stress of about one ton per square inch.Advertisement
It serves as a means of research, more particularly in mathematical investigations, the simple laws thus deduced being subsequently modified by introducing assumptions in order to co-ordinate actual experiences.
Expert knowledge and judicial insight must decide the point; but, so far as the present writer can judge, it is illusory to imagine that Duns points us beyond the medieval assumptions.
But the contribution made by psychology to the solution of the problem has taken the form not so much of a direct reinforcement of the arguments of either of the opponent systems, as of a searching criticism of the false assumptions concerning conative processes and the phenomena of choice common alike to determinists and libertarians.
Nor is it possible to give any rational explanation of the idea of responsibility itself upon indeterminist assumptions.
Not the less important is the indirect stimulus given by the Reformation towards the development of a moral philosophy independent alike of Catholic and Protestant assumptions.Advertisement
Again, the argument that " conduct is good or bad according as its total effects are pleasurable or painful," and that ultimately " pleasure-giving acts are life-sustaining acts," seems to involve Spencer in a multitude of unverified assumptions and contradictory theories.
But further, it is becoming increasingly apparent that psychology (upon which Taylor would base morality) itself involves metaphysical assumptions; its position in fact cannot be stated except as a metaphysical position, whether that of subjective idealism or any other.
This involves no assumptions as to the law of variation of E.M.F.
It may appear at first sight astonishing that it should be possible to apply so many different assumptions to the solution of one and the same problem.
It is not, however, necessarily implied in the reasoning or in the equations given by Thomson, which are not founded on any assumptions with regard to the seat of the E.M.F., but only on the balance of heat absorbed and evolved in all the different parts of the circuit.Advertisement
I knew neither how he found us, what information he knew nor what incorrect assumptions he'd made.
Though both assumptions were totally incorrect, neither combatant pointed this out.
This contradicted the assumptions about low levels of involvement of young people.
His assumptions were predicated on this belief.
Its assumptions are fundamentalist principles of which he is himself a faithful adherent.Advertisement
Earlier studies have used Bayesian inference under simplifying assumptions.
This is a book which is not afraid to challenge assumptions.
Don't make assumptions or put us into boxes.
I have therefore examined the underlying assumptions made by both sides.
However, for Hardin's tragedy to occur several erroneous assumptions about the commons must be made (Shiva, 2002 ).Advertisement
The baseline assumptions in these simulations are tabulated below.
No amount of chest beating can conceal how wrong these assumptions were.
However this does not mean that we do not make calculated assisted assumptions to help enable us effectively explore new frontiers.
Parsons proposes an essentially consensual theory of power, in accord with the assumptions of his overall scheme.
In order to address these issues two assumptions of social constructivism need to be made explicit.
Are there any assumptions you have made which you have not double-checked via your research?
In their form and design, suburbs are also gendered spaces, shaped by assumptions about home, work and family.
These were a result of weak assumptions made in the original interpretation of the robot system kinematics.
Many assumptions made, especially that the reader knows Scripture, church, etc. Too much managerial speak.
Without the assumptions of biblical monotheism much that has been achieved under the influence of those assumptions may not be able to stand.
These are based on no prior assumptions about disease pathogenesis.
Ecological assumptions entered into the models that were then used to predict evapotranspiration and net photosynthesis.
Most of our assumptions about human development and political plurality and choice are rooted in the print era.
However this explanation rests on some rather questionable assumptions.
Estimates are presented for women with and without first-degree relatives with breast cancer and the sensitivity of the results to various assumptions investigated.
That such assumptions can be made self-consistent is doubtful.
Many assumptions have to be made to make practical engineering problems solvable, leading to loss of information.
It thus stresses the link between theory and practice, and examines the often tacit assumptions which underlie translation practice.
An observer in the present can only theorize concerning the origin of the universe that he sees on the basis of assumptions made.
To some, the Horse seems so typical of La TÃ¨ne art that a Bronze Age dating de-stabilised some widely held cultural assumptions.
Part of my job is to constantly uncouple these assumptions.
The view that religion is a private matter without political implications is one of the almost unquestioned assumptions of modern British culture.
But by the early 1980s it was clear that the assumptions on which loans were based were hopelessly unrealistic.
Many workers,make a lot of assumptions about users and feel unskilled in working with them.
The fact that the old designs were successful lends weight to the usefulness of the design assumptions.
In all economic investigation assumptions must be made, but we must see that they are legitimate in view of the actual life and character of the community or communities which are the subject of investigation.
In addition to empirical and molecular formulae, chemists are in the habit of employing various kinds of rational formulae, called structural, constitutional or graphic formulae, &c., which not only express the molecular composition of the compounds to which they apply, but also embody certain assumptions as to the manner in which the constituent atoms are arranged, and convey more or less information with regard to the nature of the compound itself, viz.
Ewing has himself also shown how satisfactorily this theory accords with many other obscure and complicated phenomena, such as those presented by coercive force, differences of magnetic quality, and the effects of vibration, temperature and stress; while as regards simplicity and freedom from arbitrary assumptions it leaves little to be desired.
In this form it stands in sharp antithesis to the doctrine of evolution, both because the former views the world of particular things and events as essentially unreal and illusory, and because the latter, so far as it goes, looks on matter as eternal, and seeks to explain the general forms of things as we perceive them by help of simpler assumptions.
Meyer, on slightly different assumptions, it should be 41/2 times, the actual volume of the molecules.
From the standpoint of the history of enlightenment, as Harnack has observed, " Socinianism with its systematic criticism (tentative and imperfect as it may now seem) and its rejection of all the assumptions based upon mere ecclesiastical tradition, can scarcely be rated too highly.
Yet the divergent uses that have been made of it witness to the ambiguity of his statement which is traceable to the fact that Kant was himself too deeply rooted in the thought of his predecessors and carried with him too much of their spirit to be able entirely to free himself from their assumptions and abstractions.
The theoretical assumptions of Newton and Euler (hypotheses magis mathematicae quam naturales) of a resistance varying as some simple power of the velocity, for instance, as the square or cube of the velocity (the quadratic or cubic law), lead to results of great analytical complexity, and are useful only for provisional extrapolation at high or low velocity, pending further experiment.
There is only one Neo-Kantian way out of this dilemma, but it is to alter the original assumptions of Kant's psychological idealism.
On these assumptions his results are certainly right, and are confirmed by the independent method of Gauss, so that the objections raised against them by Poisson fall to the ground.
Useful light is shed on this distinction by Lotze, who contrasts (Logic, § 273) postulates (" absolutely necessary assumptions without which the content of the observation with which we are dealing would contradict the laws of our thought") with hypotheses, which he defines as conjectures, which seek "to fill up the postulate thus abstractly stated by specifying the concrete causes, forces or processes, out of which the given phenomenon really arose in this particular case, while in other cases maybe the same postulate is to be satisfied by utterly different though equivalent combinations of forces or active elements."
We compute the maximum amount of food the world can produce by beginning with total acres of land considered arable, but that is based on assumptions about the future of technology and agriculture.
At the basis of the works of all the modern historians from Gibbon to Buckle, despite their seeming disagreements and the apparent novelty of their outlooks, lie those two old, unavoidable assumptions.
Perhaps we have to reconsider some basic assumptions underlying all approaches to the frame problem.
We need to make sure that our patients or potential patients know the true facts about us and are n't relying on assumptions.
So the key books for me are probably those that have helped me rethink basic assumptions.
Achieved profits shareholders ' funds are around £ 290 million lower than they would have been under the 2001 assumptions.
These local knowledges are embedded in cultural assumptions and sociopolitical values that can differ emphatically from ' expert ' science.
However, when this happens, the compound symmetry and sphericity assumptions have been violated, and independent contrasts cannot be computed.
Do not make stereotypical assumptions about the capabilities of disabled people.
Chronologies based solely on pottery typologies, with all the built-in temporal assumptions, are not, by themselves, sufficient anymore.
And of course, it all underlines just what assumptions we make about ' the other ' with so little evidence.
This report reaches conclusions ' based on unfounded assumptions ', said the Government.
Will the so-called " super greenhouse " theory and other uniformitarian assumptions answer the many difficulties Venus present us?
Many workers, make a lot of assumptions about users and feel unskilled in working with them.
Indeed, is it possible that we ourselves may also be blind to the future implications of some of our own unthinking assumptions?
A very important point to note is that in the small hypothetical economic model we have constructed there are some unwritten assumptions.
A4 The accuracy of a projection depends on the accuracy of the initial data and on the validity of the underlying assumptions.
Worst-case assumptions are a reasonable component of screening calculations, to ensure that the stack height will not be under-estimated.
In fact, making such assumptions can lead to power struggles and extreme frustration on the part of your child.
When studying body language, remember that cultural differences can affect the way someone acts when talking, so be careful about making false assumptions.
Definitions of nudity, which are subject to historical and cultural variation, rely on assumptions about what counts as clothing.
The rest of your information is based on best available knowledge and assumptions.
You will make assumptions based on what your salary may or may not increase, your annual contribution and that of your employer, and what your current tax situation is.
There are several assumptions, the foremost being that your retirement fund will be your sole source of income.
However, the following are some of the assumptions suggested by the International Association for the Study of Dreams.
Although you can't apply across the board assumptions about a particular grape or type of wine, certain reds tend to be on the sweeter side.
Old assumptions have to be discarded and new, often very difficult, realities need to be accepted, including the uncertainty of the A-T outcome.
Schemas-Fundamental core beliefs or assumptions that are part of the perceptual filter people use to view the world.
It was not until the 1980s that physicians began to revisit the assumptions about the disorder and examine more closely its physical causes.
Most of the websites are using the same information and assumptions about the origin of various family names.
While these characteristics are pure assumptions, they lend mystery and desirability to red hair.
Irish red hair is surrounded by myths and assumptions, but when bias is removed the color that is left is vibrant and stylish, making red hair highly desirable for many women today.
Be sure that you understand the assumptions that are made by the calculator in determining the monthly payment.
This relatively simple calculation carries some assumptions that may not be accurate for everyone.
Women who have a taste for topless bikinis can be anything from sunbathers to exhibitionists, so you can't make assumptions about ladies who choose these suits.
Don't make assumptions about how heaters function simply based on the size of the units you are looking at.
Choosing a famous couple makes the costume more noticeable and may lead to assumptions about favorite movies, hobbies, or interests as well.
Worse, by playing on stereotypes, they also set you up to make assumptions about people based on their appearance that can be disastrous.
If you date someone of another culture, or even someone who is from Dallas and you're from New York City, consider you need to put assumptions aside about the meaning of certain movements.
Don't make assumptions about the other person's emotions or intentions.
Without keeping in touch with each other's feelings, you can make assumptions that lead to misunderstandings or worse.
The objection comes in the assumptions and stereotypes around the medical profession.
Many doctors would find those kinds of stalking behaviors and assumptions offensive.
Founded by people like gay community activist David Kooy, the online community of Lovetastic prides itself on not "making assumptions" about its members, and encouraging "meaningful connections."
When choosing a ring, avoid simple wedding ring designs or eternity rings, since they may be easily mistaken for wedding rings, potentially leading to awkward or embarrassing assumptions.
When two families are about to blend together through a new set of nuptials, it is no surprise that there can be conflicts in expectations and assumptions.
While these are generally just assumptions, many films for children share these characteristics.
While it's true that the lower back can be a very sensuous place for a tat, it would be rather ignorant to make assumptions about a person that you don't really know.
It's the design itself that is the important thing, and it's a bit unfair to make assumptions and judge someone's character based on where she chooses to place her tattoo.
The answer tends to surprise a lot of people with small-minded assumptions.
Some of these tales have aged better than others - some of them even outrage modern sensibilities with the inherent sexism of their underlying assumptions.
In this case, the ogre is the hero, the handsome prince is evil, and a group of damsels in distress discover they can take care of themselves, with too many witty takeoffs on other fairy tale assumptions along the way to mention.
In a situation where you are posting MySpace bulletins on your profile page, do stop to consider that your readers will be making some assumptions about who you are and what you are all about based on your profile.
He also gives us " natural law " 2 - a Stoic inheritance, preserving the form of an idealist appeal to systematic requirements of reason, while practically limiting its assumptions to those of intuitionalism.
It rested on a mass of legal assumptions and subtleties, fallacious indeed, but ingenious, and, as the result proved, effective.
Since thermochemical measurements of this type may be frequently performed with an error due to other causes of much less than i per cent., the error introduced by either of these assumptions is the chief cause of uncertainty in the method.
With one symbol for an unknown, it will easily be understood what scope there is foradroit assumptions, for the required numbers, of expressions in the one unknown which are at once seen to satisfy some of the conditions, leaving only one or two to be satisfied by the particular value of x to be determined.
His assumptions are based upon ordinary observation and experience, and are usually accurate in proportion to his practical shrewdness and sagacity, so that he is not interested in the speculative flights of philosophy, except in so far as they influence or have influenced conduct.
But the modern conception of society or the state owes more to biology than philosophy, and actual research has destroyed more frequently than it has justified the assumptions of the older philosophical school.
As a matter of fact, discussions of method and the criticism of hypotheses and assumptions are very rarely found in early economic works.
All the assumptions we require are furnished by observation of people in the mass and the larger generalizations of statistics.
The assumptions, the definitions, the reasoning, the conclusions of the classical writers have been ruthlessly overhauled.
We may talk of the assumptions implicitly involved in Ricardo's works.
The conclusions of such a work are of wider significance than the assumptions we attribute to the author would warrant.
These assumptions marked a definite rejection of all allegiance to Rome.
Although Kekule founded his famous benzene formula in 1865 on the assumptions that the six hydrogen atoms in benzene are equivalent and that the molecule is symmetrical, i.e.
Regarding it as important that all reasoning with reference to magnetism should be conducted without any uncertain assumptions, he worked out a mathematical theory upon the sole foundation of a few wellknown facts and principles.
Morphology becomes a farce when such assumptions are made.
That it formed the starting-point, and largely prescribed the course of thought on the subject of planetary origin is due to the simplicity of its assumptions, and the clearness of the mechanical principles involved, rather than to any cogent evidence of its truth.
But, as applied to lower and more obscure forms of life, teleology presented alfnost insurmountable difficulties; and consequently, in place of exact experiment and demonstration, the most reckless though ingenious assumptions were made as to the utility of the parts and organs of lower animals.
Many zoologists - prominent among them in Great Britain being Huxley - had been repelled by the airy fancies and assumptions of the " philosophical " morphologists.
This theory, however, depended upon unverified assumptions, such as the supposed silence of theologians about the creed at the beginning of the 9th century; the suggestion that the completed creed would have been useful to them if they had known it as a weapon against the heresy of Adoptianism; the assertion that no MS. containing the complete text was of earlier date than c. 813.
Since the volume at constant pressure is exactly proportional to the absolute temperature, it follows that the coefficients of expansion of all gases ought, to within the limits of error introduced by the assumptions on which we are working, to have the same value 1/273.
But in Servetus, whose execution he approved, we find an isolated, feeble revolt against assumptions which both Catholics and Protestants of all shades accepted without question.
The struggle with the Crown, which ended in independence, began at the foundation of the colony, with assumptions of power under the charter which the colonial government was always trying to maintain, and the crown was as assiduously endeavouring to counteract.
Over against these sweeping assumptions and deductions, the Roman Catholic Church had to build up its own statement of the basis of belief.
That world of the learned offers us non-dogmatic definitions, drawn up from the outside; definitions which do not share the root assumptions either of Catholicism or of post-Reformation Protestant orthodoxy.
The application of Simpson's rule, for instance, to a plane figure implies certain assumptions as to the nature of the bounding curve.
In finding the line of pressure some principle such as the principle of least action must be used in determining the reactions at the crown and springings, and some assumptions must be made of not certain validity.
The Calendar Is Constructed On The Assumptions That The Mean Lunation Is 29 Days 12 Hours 44 Min.
The point is that neither Buchner nor Haeckel could on their assumptions recognize any force but force of body, or any mind but mind of body, or any distinct thing or substance except body.
Schelling was right; but he had too much affinity with Hegelian assumptions, e.g.
Having, however, made a deduction, which is at all events consistent, that on Kantian assumptions all we know is mental phenomena, Lange proceeded to reduce the rest of Kantism to consistency.
In Part II., ch i., he makes three assumptions about the senses, and, without stopping to prove them, or even to make them consistent, deduces from them his thesis that the evidence of the senses is not a foundation of belief in Nature.
Balfour, however, having from unproved assumptions denied the evidence of the senses, and the rational power of using them to infer things beyond oneself, has to look out for other, and non-rational, foundations of belief.
I know that sounds preposterous—but only based on our assumptions that the future will be like the past.
In areas of uncertainty, we form our opinions on the basis of assumptions in other parts of our life.
If the answers to those questions are affirmative, then making assumptions about increasing rates of technological progress is very reasonable.
They are repelled by the dryness of much of the matter, the unsuitableness of many of the topics discussed for poetic treatment, the arbitrary assumption of premises, the entire failure to establish the connexion between the concrete phenomena which the author professes to explain and these assumptions, and the erroneousness of many of the doctrines which are stated with dogmatic confidence.
When the assumptions on which it rests are proved to be baseless, the particular scepticism is also overcome.
These assumptions are often wrong.
To the specialists in sciences which were advancing rapidly and in divergent directions to results which often reacted on and transformed their initial assumptions, Spencer has often appeared too much of a philosopher and defective in specialist knowledge.