- The hydrography of Argentina is of the simplest character.
Although having a great extent of coast-line, Argentina has but few really good harbours.
The lakes of Argentina are exceptionally numerous, although comparatively few are large enough to merit a name on the ordinary general map.
The flora of Argentina should be studied according to natural zones corresponding to the physical divisions of the country - the rich tropical and sub-tropical regions of the north, the treeless pampas of the centre, the desert steppes of the south, and the arid plateaus of the north-west.
Of the exports, France, Argentina, Belgium and Germany take the bulk.
The genus Pyrophorus contains about ninety species, and is entirely confined to America and the West Indies, ranging from the southern United States to Argentina and Chile.
Argentina has been a member of the Postal Union since 1878.
The question of the Puna de Atacama was referred to a tribunal composed of the United States minister to Argentina and of one Argentine and one Chilean delegate; that of the southern frontier in Patagonia to the British crown.
At Deptford, for example, large numbers of cattle and sheep which thus arrive - mainly from Argentina, Canada and the United States - are at once slaughtered, and so furnish a steady supply of fresh-killed beef and mutton.
The three great rivers that form the La Plata system - the Paraguay, Parana and Uruguay - have their sources in the highlands of Brazil and flow southward through a great continental depression, two of them forming eastern boundary lines, and one of them, the Parana, flowing across the eastern part of the republic. The northern part of Argentina, therefore, drains eastward from the mountains to these rivers, except where some great inland depression gives rise to a drainage having no outlet to the sea, and except, also, in the " mesopotamia " region, where small streams flow westward into the Parana and eastward into the Uruguay.
Communications.-The development of railways in Argentina, which dates from 1857 when the construction of the Buenos Aires Western was begun, was at first slow and hesitating, but after 1880 it went forward rapidly.
The telegraph lines of Argentina are subject to the national telegraph law of 1875, the international telegraph conventions, and special conventions with Brazil and Uruguay.
Owing to the great distances which must be covered, and also to the defective means of communication in sparsely settled districts, the costs of the postal service in Argentina are unavoidably high in relation to the receipts.
==Shipping== Although Argentina has an extensive coast-line, and one of the great fluvial systems of the world, the tonnage of steamers and sailing vessels flying her flag is comparatively small.
The development of the pastoral industry of Argentina from that time to the end of the century was remarkable.
The export, moreover, of live sheep and of frozen mutton to Europe has become an important factor in the trade of Argentina.
Manufacturing enterprise in Argentina, favoured by the protection of a high tariff, made noticeable progress in the national capital during the closing years of the last century, especially in those small industries which commanded a secure market.
The present constitution of Argentina dates from the 25th of September 1860.
The total school population of Argentina in 1900 (6 to 14 years) was 994,089, of which 45% attended school, and 13% of those not attending were able to read and write.
A very considerable percentage of Argentina's population of five to six millions is hopelessly poor and unprogressive, and cannot be expected to bear its share of the burden.
In Argentina these burdens bear heavily upon the labouring classes, and in years of depression they send away by thousands immigrants unable to meet the high costs of living, For the year 1900 the total expenditures of the national government, 14 provincial governments, and 16 principal cities, were estimated to have been $208,811,925 paper, which is equivalent to $91,877,247 gold, or (at $5.04 per pound stg.) to £18,229,612, ios.
Few countries have suffered more from a depreciated currency than Argentina.
His doings at Asuncion belong, however, not to the history of Argentina, but of Paraguay.
The dictator of Paraguay had quarrelled with Brazil for its intervention in the internal affairs of Uruguay, and he demanded free passage for his troops across refused, and alliance was formed between Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay, for joint action against Lopez.
Much satisfaction was shown in Europe at the fall of President Celman, for investors had suffered heavily by the way in which the resources of Argentina had been dissipated by that the uprising of public opinion against his financial methods signified a more honest conduct of the national affairs in the future.
He had been absent from Argentina on a journey to Europe, and on his return in April 1891, a popular reception was given to him at which 50,000 persons attended.
Carrasco, El crecimiento de la poblacion de la Republica Argentina comparado con el de las principales naciones 1890-1903 (Buenos Aires, 1904); C. M.
Urien and C. Colombo, Geografia Argentina (Buenos Aires, 1905); E.
von Rosen, Archaeological' Researches on the Frontier of Argentina and Bolivia 1901-1902 (Stockholm, 1904); Arturo B.
Turner, Argentina and the Argentines (New York and London, 1892); Estanislao S.
Zeballos, Description Amena de la Republica Argentina (3 vols., Buenos Aires, 1881); Anuario de la Direcion General de Estadistica 1898 (Buenos Aires, 1899); Charles Wiener, La Republique Argentine (Paris, 1899); Segundo Censo Republica Argentina (3 vols., Buenos Aires, 1898); Handbook of the Argentine Republic (Bureau of the American Republics, Washington, 1892-1903).
The movement of emigration may be divided into two currents, temporary and permanentthe former going chiefly towards neighboring European countries and to North Africa, and consisting of manual laborers, the latter towards trans-oceanic countries, principally Brazil, Argentina and the United States.
The countries with which this trade is mainly carried on are: (imports) United Kingdom, Germany, United States, France, Russia and India; (exports) Switzerland, United States, Germany, France, United Kingdom and Argentina.
Mercerat, Catalogo de los Pajaros fosiles de la Republica Argentina.
Mesembriornis, Miocene or Pliocene of Argentina.
Gruidae, cranes, cosmopolitan, allied Phororhacos, Tertiary of Argentina.
(for map, see Argentina).
Of the imports about 27% in value are from Great Britain, 14%% from Germany, and smaller proportions from France, Argentina, Italy, Spain, the United States and Belgium.
309,974 Outside the United States and Canada, the most interesting American developments are in Mexico and Argentina, these countries Miles.
In Argentina about 15% of the railways are owned and operated by the government, the balance being in the hands of private companies, largely controlled in England.
Baron Hirsch (q.v.) founded the Jewish colonial association, which has undertaken vast colonizing and educational enterprises, especially in Argentina, and more recently the Jewish territorial organization has been started to found a home for the oppressed Jews of Russia.
[[Table Xiv]].-Numbers of Cattle, Sheep and Pigs imported into the United Kingdom, 1891-1905 The animals come mainly from the United States of America, Canada and Argentina, and the traffic in cattle is more uniform than that in sheep, whilst that in pigs seems practically to have reached extinction.
Fresh beef in this form is imported chiefly from the United States and Australasia, fresh mutton from Australasia and Argentina.
In 1900 the discovery early in the year of the existence of foot-and-mouth disease amongst cattle and sheep shipped from Argentina to the United Kingdom led to the issue of an order by which all British ports were closed against live animals from the country named.
is not large it is of considerable importance to stock-breeders, as it is a frequent occurrence for buyers for export-to Argentina, Australasia, Canada, the United States and elsewhere-to bid freely at the sale rings, and often to pay the highest prices, thus stimulating the sales and encouraging the breeding of the best types of native stock.
Holland, France, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, Sicily, Greece, Hungary, Silesia, Moravia, Westphalia, Brunswick, Hanover, Schleswig-Holstein, (German) Silesia, Poland, Kutais, Uralsk, Turkestan, Armenia, Syria, Arabia, Persia, Tunis, Egypt, West Africa, British Columbia, Alberta, Assiniboia, Athabasca, Manitoba, New Jersey, South Dakota, Washington, Montana, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming, Colorado, California, New Mexico, Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mexico, Hayti, Trinidad, Colombia, Argentina [?], New Zealand.
Sussex, France, Switzerland, Spain, Hungary, Transylvania, Bukowina, Galicia, Hesse, Baden, Hanover, Brunswick, California, Texas, Mexico, Bolivia, Argentina.
Yorkshire, Somerset, Buckingham, France, Switzer land, Spain, Italy, Lower Austria, Baden, Elsass, Hesse, Hanover, Brunswick, Sizran, Tiflis, Siberia, Persia, Madagascar, Alaska, Wyoming, Colorado, Mexico, Argentina.
NEUQUEN, an inland territory of Argentina on the Chilean frontier, between the Colorado and Limay rivers, with the province of Mendoza on the N.
Since that time, however, valuable maps have been published by an Oficina de mensura de tierras, by a seccion de geografia y minas connected with the department of public works, by the Oficina hidrografica, and more especially in connexion with surveys necessitated by the boundary disputes with Argentina, which were settled by arbitration in 1899 and 1902.
In Argentina an official geographical institute was established in 1879, but neither A.
For many years the Famatina mines of Argentina received supplies from this point by way of the ComeCaballo pass.
by Argentina, S.
by Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
Beginning at the mouth of the Quarahy, the boundary line between Brazil and Argentina ascends the Uruguay, crosses to the source of the Santo Antonio, and descends that small stream and the Iguassu to the Parana, where it terminates.
As regards the Peruvian boundary, an agreement was reached in 1904 to submit the dispute to the arbitration of the president of Argentina in case further efforts to reach an amicable settlement failed.
The former are found over a wide range of country, extending into Bolivia and Argentina, and are noted for their impetuous pugnacity.
The tapir also has an extensive range between the coast and the foothills of the Andes, and from northern Argentina to south-eastern Colombia.
Brazil is a member of the Postal Union, and like Argentina exacts higher nominal rates of postage upon outgoing mail than those agreed upon to cover the depreciation in her own currency.
The great majority of the people are unused to wheaten bread, using the coarse flour of the mandioca root instead, consequently the demand for wheat and flour is confined to the large cities, which can obtain them from Argentina more cheaply than they can be produced in the country.
A very large part of the jerked beef consumed in Brazil is imported from Argentina and Uruguay, and some beef cattle also are imported.
The result was of importance, as it was known that Brazil was on friendly terms with Chile, and this interchange of courtesies had some effect in bringing about a settlement of the controversy between Chile and Argentina over the Andean frontier question without recourse to hostilities.
Genera: Cobitis, Amia, Silurus, Zeuthis, Loricaria, Salmo, Fistularia, Esox, Elops, Argentina, Atherina, Mugil, Mormyrus, Exocoetus, Polynemus, Clupea, Cyprinus.
The climatic conditions are not so favourable as in Argentina, but these are counterbalanced to some extent by the great river system of the Orinoco, whose large navigable tributaries cross the plains from end to end, and whose smaller streams from the surrounding highlands provide superior opportunities for water storage and irrigation.
1'°1,The typical species ranged from Argentina and Chili to Brazil.
In the semi-arid regions of the United States, Argentina and other countries where the average annual rainfall lies between ioa to 20 in., irrigation is necessary to obtain full crops every year.
It is most abundant in the open districts of Patagonia, but also ranges on to the Argentina Pampas, where it is now scarce.
salinicola, without the characteristic black band above the tail, inhabits the salt-plains of Argentina.
Fossil species of Dolichotis occur in the caverns of Brazil, and also in the superficial deposits of Argentina.
With the exception of parts of the Ecuador, Brazil and Bolivia frontiers, all the boundary lines have been disputed and referred to arbitration - those with Colombia and Ecuador to the king of Spain, and that with Bolivia to the president of Argentina, on which a decision was rendered on the 9th of July 1909.
These became known prematurely, and in May 1910 war was threatened between Peru and Ecuador in spite of an offer of mediation by the United States, Brazil and Argentina under the Hague Convention.
The decision of the president of Argentina of the 9th of July 1909, in regard to the remainder of this extensive territory, was a compromise, and divided it into two nearly equal parts.
The government is seeking to promote the industry through the importation of breeding mares from Argentina.
SAN JUAN, an Andine province of Argentina, bounded N.
It is roughly mountainous, and belongs to the closed drainage basin of western Argentina, centring in the province of Mendoza.
The product of Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador amounted in 1900 to £2,481,000 and to £2,046,000 in 1905.
AMBATO is also the name of a range of mountains in northern Argentina, being a spur of the Sierra de Aconquija crossing the province of Catamarca from north to south.
SANTIAGO DEL ESTERO, a province of Argentina, bounded N.
In South America coal is known in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, northern Chile, Brazil (chiefly in the south), and Argentina (Parana, the extreme south of Patagonia, and Tierra del Fuego), but in no country are the workings extensive.
harlani) from the Pleistocene of Kentucky and other parts of the United States, but more abundantly represented in the corresponding formations of South America, especially Argentina and Brazil.
For the details of the struggle the reader must refer to the articles Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela.
To the north-west of Pinerolo, up the Chisone valley, there opens at Perosa Argentina the valley of St Martin, another important Waldensian valley, which is watered by the Germanasca torrent, and at Perrero splits into two branches, of which the Prali glen is far more fertile than that of Massello, the latter being the wildest and most savage of all the Waldensian valleys.
The total population increased from 1800 to 1900 about fourteen fold (1331.6%).i The rate of growth indicated in 1900 was still double the average rate of western Europe.2 In the whole world Argentina alone (1869-1895) showed equal (and greater) growth.
It was captured by the Argentine general Lavalle in 1827, and figured conspicuously in most of the civil wars of Argentina.
Extinct species of capybara occur in the tertiary deposits of Argentina, some of which were considerably larger than the living form.
salinicola is a much smaller rodent from the salt-lagunas of Argentina.
It may be mentioned, however, that the distribution of these later Tertiary types accords very closely with that of their existing relatives; the families of South American hystricoids being represented by a number of extinct genera in the formations of Argentina and Brazil.
The third Pan-American Conference was held in the months of July and August 1906, and was attended by the United States, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Salvador and Uruguay.
Among the Southern Republics Argentina and Chile concluded in 1902 a treaty of arbitration, for the settlement of all difficulties without distinction, combined with a disarmament agreement of the same date, to which more ample reference will be made hereafter.
2) .1 Again, the Straits of Magellan are neutralized as between Argentina and Chile under a treaty of the 23rd of July 1881.
1 The following list of standing arbitration treaties concluded after the signing of the Anglo-French treaty of October 14th 1903 is as complete as possible down to June 1910: Argentina - Brazil, September 7, 1905.
Argentina, December 23, 1908.
The experience of the French in Algiers shows that it is possible to stamp out a plague of locusts, such as is the greatest danger to the farmer in many parts of Argentina.
Santa Fe, Argentina (Province) >>
SAN LUIS, a province of Argentina, bounded N.
He fitted up in 1864 a private observatory at Cambridge, Mass.; but undertook in 1868, on behalf of the Argentine republic, to organize a national observatory at Cordoba; began to observe there with four assistants in 1870, and completed in 1874 his Uranometria Argentina (published 1879) for which he received in 1883 the gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.
The Buenos Aires treaty of the 3rd of February 1876 fixed the frontier between Argentina and Paraguay, and assigned to Paraguay the portion of the Gran Chaco between Rio Verde and Bahia Negra; the appropriation of the portion between Rio Verde and the Pilcomayo was submitted to the arbitration of the president of the United States, who in 1878 assigned it to Paraguay.
But the country sloping to the Paraguay, and comprising the greater part of the settled districts, is, in keeping with its proximity to the vast plains of Argentina, grassy and open, though the hills are usually covered with forest and clumps of trees are frequent in the lowlands.
Immigration is on a small scale (1024 in 1908), but tends to increase; it is encouraged by the government, which seeks to divert to Paraguay some portion of the Italian labour immigrant into Brazil and Argentina.
In 1908 the total foreign population numbered about 18,000, half of whom were natives of Argentina.
The civil and criminal codes at Argentina have been adopted, almost without change.
Besides the London debt, there are many other claims on Paraguay, including (1908) about £1,950,000 due to Brazil, about £2,500,000 due to Argentina, and an internal debt of £850,000.
The leaves are stripped, withered, rolled and sorted, then packed in sacks and exported, chiefly to Argentina.
The animals are small, but Durham and Hereford bulls have been introduced from Argentina to improve the breed.
The increase in the herds has caused the owners of saladero establishments in Argentina and Uruguay to try the working of factories in Paraguay for the preparation of tasajo (jerked beef) and the manufacture of extract of meat.
The values for the five years1904-1908were: - Of the imports into Paraguay, 29% came from Germany in 1908, 21% from the United Kingdom and 19% from Argentina.
In the same year the gold and silver coinage of Paraguay were legally standardized as identical with those of Argentina (5 gold dollars or pesos = £ 1); but paper money is about the only circulating medium, and gold commands a high premium (1600% in December 1908).
This act induced the governments of Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina to combine for the purpose of suppressing Lopez.
But the rivalry between Brazil and Argentina, and the necessity of maintaining the balance of power among the South American republics, enabled Paraguay to remain independent.
The southern hemisphere ranks lightly in the matter of consumption, the only other country worth mentioning there besides the Australasian and Cape dependencies being Argentina.
BAHIA BLANCA, a city and port of Argentina, on the Naposta river, 3 m.
Salta, Argentina (Province) >>
There are also herons, ibises, storks and cranes, including the great blackheaded white crane, Mycteria americana, which ranges from northern Argentina to Colombia.
ignipalliatus, from Peru to Patagonia, more resembles the classical species; while P. andinus, the tallest of all, which lacks the hallux, inhabits the salt lakes of the elevated desert of Atacama, whence it extends into Chile and Argentina.
Timber comes chiefly from North America and Scandinavia, alcohol from Cuba and the United States, wheat and flour from various British possessions, maize from Morocco and Argentina.
In 1905, however, it fell back again into the third place, being passed by Russia and Argentina.
Australia and Argentina need it for wool and wheat, Chili and Brazil for nitrates and coffee, Asiatic countries for rice, and the world as a whole for its increased output of produce.
The dissensions following the expulsion of the Spanish and the rivalries of Argentina and Brazil over the possession of Uruguay, then commonly termed the "Banda Oriental," greatly reduced the population of the city and partially destroyed its trade.
by Argentina and W.
In South America upper Cambrian rocks have been recorded from north Argentina.
Prof. Kayser suggests that there was also a Pacific basin more extensive than at present; this is borne out by the similarity between the Cambrian faunas of China, Siberia and Argentina.
The house-sparrow is also feral in Argentina, some of the West Indian islands, Hawaii and the Andamans.
The tonnage of coke and patent fuel is included in the totals: The chief receiving countries are, in order, Germany, France, Italy, Sweden, Spain, Russian Empire, Denmark, Egypt, Holland, Argentina, Norway and Brazil.
He travelled in Mexico, under a commission from the French ministry of education, in 1857-1861; in Madagascar in 1863; in South America, particularly Chile and Argentina, in 1 875; and in Java and Australia in 1878.
(For map see Argentina.) It extends from the northern boundary of the province of Tacna, about 17° 25' S., to Cape Horn at the extreme southern point of the Fuegian archipelago in 55° 58' 40" S., with an extreme meridian length of 2661 m., and with a coast line considerably exceeding that figure owing to a westward curve of about 31° and an eastward trend south of 50° S.
by Bolivia and Argentina, S.
by the Pacific. Its eastern boundary lines are described under Argentina and Bolivia.
The eastern parts of this region lie within the higher ranges of the Andes and include a large district awarded to Chile in 1899 (see Argentina and Atacama).
At the southern frontier of Bolivia the main chain, which has served as the boundary line between Argentina and Chile, divides into two great ranges, the principal one continuing almost due north along the eastern side of the great Bolivian alto-planicie, and the other forming its western rim, where it is known as the Cordillera Silillica, and then following the trend of the coast north-westward into Peru becomes the Cordillera Occidental.
It has likewise been determined, since the boundary dispute with Argentina called attention to these territories and led to their careful exploration at the points in dispute, that Skyring Water, in lat.
A large northern tributary of the Puelo, the Manso, has its sources in Lake Mascardi and other lakes and streams south-east of the Cerro Tronador, also in Argentina, and flows south-west through the Cordilleras to unite with the Puelo a few miles west of the 72nd meridian.
The climate of northern and central Chile is profoundly affected by the high mountain barrier on the eastern frontier and by the broad treeless pampas of Argentina, which raise the easterly moisture-laden winds from the Atlantic to so high an elevation that they sweep across Chile without leaving a drop of rain.
The indigenous flora of Chile is less extensive and less interesting than those of Argentina and Brazil, but contains many peculiar genera and species.
It is also found along the river-courses of Argentina.
In the aggregate, the commerce of Chile is large and important; in proportion to population it is exceeded among South American states only by Argentina, Uruguay and the Guianas.
At one time Chile supplied Argentina and the entire West Coast as far north as California with wheat, but Argentina and California have become wheat producers and exporters, and Chile has been driven from all her old consuming markets.
The government has been trying to promote cattle-breeding by levying duties (as high as 16 pesos a head) on cattle imported from Argentina, but with no great success.
As in Argentina, beef is generally dried in the sun to make charqui (jerked beef), in which form it is exported to the desert provinces.
In 1895 relations with the neighbouring republic of Argentina began to become somewhat strained in regard to the interpretation of the treaty concerning the boundary between the two countries.
The problems to be solved were the frontier difficulty with Argentina, the question of the possession of Tacna and Arica with Peru, and the necessity of fulfilling the obligation contracted with Bolivia to give that country a seaport on the Pacific coast.
Both Chile and Argentina put forward certain pretensions to territory in the Atacama district to the north, and also to a section of Patagonia in the south.
The cry of an acute financial crisis emanating from the fear of war with Argentina was now raised in Chile.
In September 1900 a fresh outburst of hostile feeling against Chile was created in Argentina by a note addressed by the Chilean government to Bolivia, intimating that Chile was no longer inclined to hand over the port of Arica or any other port on the Pacific, but considered the time ripe for a final settlement of the questions connected with the Chilean occupation of Bolivian territory, which had now been outstanding for sixteen years.
The foreign policy of Chile, as indicated by this note, was considered by Argentina to be grasping and unconciliatory, and there were rumours of an anti-Chilean South American federation.
The year closed with a frontier incident between Chile and Argentina in the disputed territory of Ultima Esperanza, where some Argentine colonists were ejected by Chilean police; but both governments signed protocols agreeing not to take aggressive action in consequence.
In August of 1898 the Chilean government determined to insist upon the terms of the protocol of 1896 being acted upon, and intimated to Argentina that they demanded the fulfilment of the clause relating to arbitration on disputed points.
The dispute concerning the Atacama district was submitted to an arbitration tribunal, consisting of the representative of the United States in Argentina, assisted by one Argentine and one Chilean commissioner.
Unfortunately, a recrudescence of the excitement over the boundary dispute was occasioned by the irritation created in Argentina by the fact that, pending a decision, Chile was constructing roads in the disputed territory.
by Paraguay and Argentina, and W.
The Palaeozoic beds are directly overlaid by a series of red sandstones and gypsiferous marls, similar to the formacion petrolifera of Argentina and Brazil.
This vertical arrangement of climatic zones is modified to some extent (less than in Argentina) by varying rainfall conditions, which are governed by the high mountain ranges crossing one corner of the republic, and also by the prevailing winds.
The indigenous fauna of Bolivia corresponds closely to that of the neighbouring districts of Argentina, Brazil and Peru.
Mules are used to a large extent as pack animals, but they are imported from Argentina.
The percentage of whites therefore does not increase as in Argentina and Brazil, and cannot until means are found to promote European immigration.
Argentina had already undertaken to extend her northern railway from Jujuy to the Bolivian frontier town of Tupiza, and the Peruvian Corporation had constructed for the Bolivian government a short line (S4 m.
The large cities are connected with one another by telegraph lines and are in communication with the outside world through Argentina, Chile and Peru.
Special agreements have been made, also, with Argentina, Chile and Peru for the transmission of the Bolivian foreign mails.
Even the clholos (mestizos) are more familiar with the native idioms than with Spanish, as is the case in some parts of Argentina and Paraguay.
The school enrolment was only one in 43.7 of population, compared with one in 10 for Argentina.
The discovery, however, of secret negotiations between Bolivia and Argentina caused Chile to change its conciliatory attitude.
Bolivia was in no position to venture upon hostilities or to compel the Chileans to make concessions, and the final settlement of the boundary dispute between Argentina and Chile deprived the Bolivians of the hope of obtaining the support of the Argentines.
Gynerium argenteum (pampas grass) is a native of southern Brazil and Argentina.
Lydekker, "The Extinct Edentates of Argentina," An.
CALCHAQUI, a tribe of South American Indians, now extinct, who formerly occupied northern Argentina.
The boundary between Argentina and Chile has been settled in such a manner that Argentina holds that part of the main island of Tierra del Fuego which is situated east of the meridian of Cape Espiritu Santo, the frontier striking the north shore of Beagle Channel about its centre; and Chile holds all the western part of the main island and the other numerous islands to the west and to the south of Beagle Channel.
C. sclerops, the spectacled alligator, has the widest distribution, from southern Mexico to the northern half of Argentina, and grows to a bulky size.
That, in 1900, Rumania ranked third,' after the United States and Russia, among the grain-growing countries of the world, is due partly to the fertile soil, whose chemical constituents are the same as in the " black earth " region of Russia, though even 'The relative importance of Rumania was afterwards lessened by the development of wheat-culture in Canada, Argentina and elsewhere.
Mendoza, Argentina (Province) >>
by Rio Grande do Sul and the Misiones territory of Argentina.
Of late years the increase of production has been most notable in southern Russia, Argentina, Australia, India and North America.
LA RIOJA, an Andine province of Argentina, bounded N.
The most important town in the province is the mining centre of Chileci,Io, or Villa Argentina (pop., 1904, about 4000), about 2950 ft.
The metric system is now obligatory in Argentina, Austria,-Hungary, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Rumania, Servia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland.
Burmeister, Los caballos fosiles de la Pampa Argentina (Buenos Aires, 1875); Chauveau and Arloing, Traite d'anatomie comparee des animaux domestiques (Paris, 1871), and English edition by G.
Linseed is imported principally from the East Indies, Argentina, Canada, Russia and the United States; cotton-seed is chiefly supplied by Egypt and East India; rape-seed and castor-seed chiefly by East India.
Of lesser importance are greases, which form the by-product of the large slaughter-houses in the United States and Argentina, and American (Canadian) and Japanese fish oils.
in Chile and Argentina, the western is called Cordillera de los Andes.
The eastern disappears in the centre of Argentina, and it is therefore only the Cordillera de los Andes that is prolonged as far as the south-eastern extremity of the continent.
The gaps of Bermejo and Iglesia, in the Uspallata road, the best known of all the passes between Argentina and Chile, are at 13,025 ft.
While in the west of the Andes, from the latitude of Aconcagua, the central valley of Chile runs without any notable interruption to the south end of the continent, a valley which almost disappears to the north, leaving only some rare inflexions which are considered by Chilean geographers and geologists to be a continuation of the same valley; to the east in Argentina a longitudinal valley, perfectly characterized, runs along the eastern foot of the Cordillera, separating this from the preCordillera, which is parallel to the Cordillera de la Costa of Chile.
The principal peaks of the Bolivian Andes and its prolongation from south to north, are Famatina, in the centre of Argentina, (20,340 ft.), Languna Blanca (18,307), Diamante (18,045), Cachi (20,000), Granadas, Lipez (19,680), Guadalupe (18,910), Chorolque (18,480), Cuzco (17,930), Enriaca (18,716), Junari (16,200), Michiga (17,410), Quimza-Cruz (18,280), Illimani (21,190) and Sorata (21,490).
The inner or eastern ridge farther north of Argentina consists of crystalline rocks with infolded Ordovician and Cambrian beds, often overlaid unconformably by a sandstone with plant-remains (chiefly Rhaetic).
(The Cordillera of Argentina and Chile is clearly the continuation of the western chain alone.) In Ecuador there is still an inner chain of ancient gneisses and schists and an outer chain composed of Mesozoic beds.
The curvature of the range around the Brazilian massif, and the position of the zone of older rocks upon the eastern flank, led Suess to the conclusion that the Andes owe their origin to an overthrust from east to west, and that the Vorland lies beneath the Pacific. In the south Wehrli and Burckhardt maintain that the thrust came from the west, and they look upon the ancient rocks of Argentina as the Vorland.
At present this order is confined to the northern hemisphere, with the exception of two Spelerpes from the Andes of Ecuador and Peru, and a Plethodon from Argentina.
"Check Argentina, they're growing a great crop below the equator," Quinn answered.
Some members of the high energy astrophysics group became founder members of the Pierre Auger Observatory that is now taking data in Argentina.
Footage from Argentina showed thousands chanting " The other is me " and the white hand meaning basta.
biology Olympiad in Rio Cuarto in Argentina in July.
canker symptoms have been observed in plants from Buenos Aires province, Argentina.
The insect-protected cotton is already sold commercially in the United States, China, Mexico, Australia, Argentina, South Africa and Indonesia.
In Argentina, intensive soybean cultivation has led to massive soil nutrient depletion.
Having seen the other dippers in Oregon, Venezuela, Spain, and Argentina respectively, it was time to get the last one.
The Cost of Routine versus restrictive episiotomy in Argentina.
Argentina Summer Team - South America: polo and private estancia Learn to play polo at an amazing estancia close to Buenos Aires.
Argentina receives only $ 8 for each barrel of oil now fetching over $ 70 on the world market.
The Germany, Argentina game sounded good on the radio at work.
In other regions of Argentina, where European grapevine is grown extensively, the precipitation is increasing because of climate changes.
Argentina, at the time, faced many problems following the hyperinflation of 1989.
Finding a fossil monotreme in Argentina suggested that monotremes once occurred across Gondwanaland (Antartica, Australia and South America ).
pavee war lasted for 72 days, eventually paving the way to the restoration of civilian rule in Argentina.
possibility Argentina offers all kinds of exciting possibilities for anyone planning a South America gap year.
preoccupynes also complain that the US is too preoccupied with the war against terrorism to press for aid for Argentina.
prosperous suburb in Argentina?
Karl meets Paralympic riders Lee Pearson and Debbie Criddle and watches an extraordinary display of horsemanship in Argentina.
ruderal vegetation of Rosario City, Argentina.
Germany haven't lost a shoot-out since 1976 - when they got past Argentina in their quarter-final shootout last week, nobody missed.
Most of these birds spend the winter in Central America, and parts of South America including southern Chile and Argentina.
Serbia-Montenegro were really good in qualifying but Argentina simply steamrollered them.
tracts of farmland in southern Argentina, where it rears sheep to provide wool for its garments.
transshipaining volume is then transhipped to Argentina due to the price advantage provided by Paraguayan market.
Argentina still look unbeatable, to say they dont is a silly comment.
At different times Argentina has been engaged in disputes over boundary lines with every one of her neighbours, that with Chile being only settled in 1902.
Crossing the Straits the line should follow the meridian of 68Ã‚° 44', south to Beagle Channel, and thence east to the Atlantic, giving Argentina the eastern part of the Tierra del Fuego and Staten Island.
By this agreement Argentina was confirmed in the possession of the greater part of Patagonia, while Chile gained control of the Straits of Magellan, much adjacent territory on the north, the larger part of Tierra del Fuego and all the neighbouring islands south and west.
lat., which was a compromise though it gave the greater part of the territory to Argentina.
where it turns eastward nearly a degree to include the upper valley of the Frias river in Chilean territory, but south of the 49th parallel it curves westward to give Argentina sole possession of lakes Viedma and Argentino.
The lakes of Argentina are exceptionally numerous, although comparatively few are large enough to merit a name on the ordinary general map. They vary from shallow, saline lagoons in the north-western plateaus, to great, picturesque, snow-fed lakes in the Andean foothills of Patagonia.
- The great extent of Argentina in latitude - about 33Ã‚° - and its range in altitude from sea-level westward to the permanently snow-covered peaks of the Andes, give it a highly diversified climate,, which is further modified by prevailing winds and mountain barriers..
of the Gran Chaco, covered with forests of palms and other tropical vegetation, to the sandy, saline wastes of the Puna de Atacama, almost barren of vegetation and overshadowed by permanently 1 For the geology of Argentina, see Stelzner, Beitrdge zur geologie der argentinischen Republik (Cassel and Berlin, 1885); Brackebusch, Mapa geologico del Interiore de la Republica Argentina (Gotha, 1892); Valentin, Bosquejo geologico de la Argentina (Buenos Aires, 1897) Hauthal, " Beitrage zur Geologie der argentinischen Provinz Buenos Aires," Peterm.
Among the marvellous changes wrought in Argentina by the advent of European civilization, is the creation of a new flora by the introduction of useful trees and plants from every part of the world.
Population.-In population Argentina ranks second among the republics of South America, having outstripped, during the last quarter of the 19th century, the once more populous states of Colombia and Peru.
The influence of such legislation on unsettled immigrant labourers may be seen in the number of Italians who periodically migrate from Argentina to Brazil, and vice versa, seeking to better their condition.
Vast areas of land have been ploughed and sown with lucerne (alfalfa); magnificent permanent pasturage has been created where there were coarse and hard grasses in former days, and Argentina has been able to add baled hay to her list of exports.
The president must be a native citizen of Argentina, a Roman Catholic, not under thirty years of age, and must have an annual income of at least $2000.
From statistics of 1895 it appears that in each I 000 of population 991 are Roman Catholics, 7 Protestants, and 2 Jews, the Jews being entirely of Russian origin, sent into the republic since 1891 by the Jewish Colonization Association under the provisions of the Hirsch legacy; from 1895 to 1908 the number of Jews in Argentina increased from 6085 to about 30,000.
Meanwhile, disturbances had broken out in the interior of Argentina (1867), which compelled Mitre to relinquish his command in Paraguay, and to call back a large part of the Argentine forces to suppress the insurrection.
The war with Paraguay left a legacy of disputes concerning boundaries which almost led to war between the two victorious allies, Argentina and Brazil, but by the exertions of Mitre, who was sent at the close of 1872 as special envoy to Rio, a settlement was arrived at and friendly relations restored.
The aggressive attitude of Chile towards Bolivia was causing considerable anxiety, and Argentina and Brazil wished to show that they were united in opposing a policy which aimed at acquiring an extension of territory by force of arms. The feeling of enmity between Chile and Argentina was indeed anything but extinct.
At the critical moment the British government, urged to move in the matter by the British residents in both countries, who feared that war would mean the financial ruin of both Chile and Argentina, used its utmost influence both at Santiago and Buenos Aires to allay the misunderstandings; and negotiations were set on foot which ended in a treaty for the cessation of further armaments being signed, June 1902.
pp. 2 4 1, 354); Carlos Lix Klett, Estudios sobre production, comercio, finanzas e interesses generales de la Republica Argentina (2 vols., Buenos Aires, 1900); G.
Carranza, Constitucion Nacional y Constituciones Provinciales Vigentes (Buenos Aires, 1898); Angelo de Gubernatis, L' Argentina (Firenze, 1898); Meliton Gonzales, El Gran Chaco Argentino (Buenos Aires, 1890); John Grant & Sons, The Argentine Year Book (Buenos Aires, 1902 et seq.); Francis Latzina, Diccionario Geografico Argentino (Buenos Aires, 1891); Geographie de la Republique Argentine (Buenos Aires, 1890); L' Agriculture et l'Elevage dans la Republique Argentine (Paris, 1889); Bartolome Mitre, Historia de San Martin y de la Emancipation Sud-Americana, segun nuevos documentos (3 vols., Buenos Aires, 1887); Historia de Belgrano y de la Independencia Argentina (3 vols., Buenos Aires, 1883); Felipe Soldan, Diccionario Geografico Estadistico Nacional Argentino (Buenos Aires, 1885); Thomas A.
Yorkshire, Staffordshire, France, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Montenegro, Upper Austria, Tyrol, Bavaria, Wurttemberg, Baden, Elsass, Lothringen, Rhenish Bavaria, Rhenish Prussia, Hanover, Brunswick, Sweden, Spitzbergen, Punjab, China, Transvaal, Cape Colony, Connecticut, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, Wyoming, Argentina, New South Wales, Queensland.
are by reason of their magnitude and peculiar character the most important in South America, though the per capita aggregate is less than that of Argentina.
1'Ã‚°1,The typical species ranged from Argentina and Chili to Brazil.
The western section forms part of the great plain called the Gran Chaco (see Argentina), and is to a large extent unexplored.
(For map see Argentina.) It extends from the northern boundary of the province of Tacna, about 17Ã‚° 25' S., to Cape Horn at the extreme southern point of the Fuegian archipelago in 55Ã‚° 58' 40" S., with an extreme meridian length of 2661 m., and with a coast line considerably exceeding that figure owing to a westward curve of about 31Ã‚° and an eastward trend south of 50Ã‚° S.
People in a small town in Alabama, a small city in Algeria, and a large city in Argentina all desire different forms of governments with different services.
Franceschi, E.A. (1996) The ruderal vegetation of Rosario City, Argentina.
Germany have n't lost a shoot-out since 1976 - when they got past Argentina in their quarter-final shootout last week, nobody missed.
Benetton owns vast tracts of farmland in southern Argentina, where it rears sheep to provide wool for its garments.
The remaining volume is then transhipped to Argentina due to the price advantage provided by Paraguayan market.
They are available heavily in Brazil and Argentina.
Her parents were from Argentina, but it's Kat's paternal grandmother who is attributed with playing a big part in encouraging Kat's artistic talents.
Since 2000, she has been quietly dating Antonio de la Rua, son of the former president of Argentina.
Beckham won the game for United at the 2002 World Cup against Argentina.
In 2003, Deschanel won an award for Best Actress at the Mar Del Plata Film Festival in Argentina, for her role as Noel in All the Real Girls.
The most popular and closest cruise port to Antarctica is located in Ushuaia, Argentina.
In 1997, the company moved into Chile and Argentina, and experienced unanticipated success during the economic boom that occurred in those countries.
The bodega is at the base of the Andes in Mendoza, Argentina and the label's image represents the moon either rising or setting over the South American mountain range.
When looking at the Andes facing towards the west, I always think it interesting that Argentina's wine country is just a short, albeit big, hop over the high mountains to Chile's competing wine region.
Bodega Catena Zapata is one of the high profile wineries in Argentina, and the Catena family has been making wine in Mendoza for over 100 years.
He has become a driving force behind the growth in Argentina's wine industry and rising reputation.
But, Malbec is synonymous with Argentina wine and the Alamos Malbec has been consistently good year after year.
When I think of Malbec, I usually think of something from Mendoza, Argentina, perhaps some luscious bottle of dark red from Bodegas Catena.
If you are part of a wine shop or wine store wine club, you may be getting the newest, greatest find from Argentina or somewhere else.
Malbec is one of the most widely grown grapes in Argentina, but many grow this grape in many other areas, including certain portions of the United States.
Other regions that feature Cabernet Sauvignon in blends or as a varietal include Tuscany, Chile, Argentina, California, and Washington.
Some of the service providers you'll find in the Americas include: Telcel (Mexico), Claro (Peru, Brazil), CTI Movil (Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay), Porta (Ecuador), Claro Chile (Chile), Enitel (Nicaragua), and Comcel (Colombia).
The Spanish habanera, the Uruguayan milonga, and elements of African dance all combined with the fusion of European music to emerge as a dance in the port towns of Argentina.
Tango has been called "the dance of the immigrants" because even though its roots are from the South American countries of Argentina and Uruguay, it developed in the seaport towns.
The word was first recorded being used in the 1890s, and the ''Teatro Opera'' of Argentina offered it as one of many social dances at their balls in 1902.
However, tango remained a vibrant part of the arts in Buenos Aires and other cities in Argentina.
Despite this long history, the story of tango in Argentina was not always a smooth one.
Through it all, tango remained alive, and when Juan Perón took power he embraced the dance as an integral part of Argentina's cultural heritage.
The dance form rocketed to popularity at the turn of the twentieth century and eventually became the national dance of Argentina under the Perón government.
International career opportunities are available for those interested in working in Walmart stores in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, Germany, Mexico, Puerto Rico, South Korea, and the United Kingdom.
This unique company offers personalized wine tours in Napa and Sonoma Valleys, but also Italy, Australia, Chile, Argentina and Spain!
They allow you to search for people in countries such as Brazil, Peru, Chili and Argentina.
Countries such as Columbia and Peru are on Eastern Time, but Venezuela and Chili are one hour ahead of the east coast and Brazil and Argentina are two hours ahead.
Other parts included Lolita O'Shea in They Met in Argentina (1941), Louisa Frederici Cody in Buffalo Bill (1944), Joan Madison in Everything But the Truth (1956), and Elsie Waltz in How Do I Love Thee?'' (1970).
The Classic TOMS style mimics the alpargata shoes that company founder Mycoskie saw when traveling in Argentina on the trip that inspired him to start the company.
Mycoskie explains,"I was traveling in Argentina after the Amazing Race - learning how to tango, play polo and practice my Spanish.
Many other Latin countries produce telenovelas including Argentina, Brazil, Spain and more.
Spanish telenovelas include telenovelas made in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Argentina, Chile and Venzuala.
The network hires popular Latin actors from Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina and Puerto Rico.
Following in Hayek's footsteps, Jennifer Lopez announced early in 2009 that she was seeking to import Rebelde Way, a teen focused telenovela from Argentina that spotlights the trials and tribulations of a teen pop band.
Argentina's Diego Armando Maradona has leg tattoos of both Che Guevara and Fidel Castro.
Today, China, Argentina, Turkey, and the United States are the world's top producers of honey.
It is also certified "Platinum" in the United Kingdom, Argentina and Venezuela.
The tango is a dance both Argentina and Uruguay practice and there are many similarities in their cuisine.
Their natural habitat is from Argentina on north through Central America and into parts of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
ARGENTINA, or the Argentine Republic (officially, Republica Argentina), a country occupying the greater part of the southern extremity of South America.
Hayes in 1878, forms the boundary between Argentina and Paraguay from the Paraguay river north-west to the Bolivian frontier.
(A description of the Patagonian part of Argentina will be found under Patagonia.) Rivers and Lakes.
The largest of the rivers through which Argentina drains into the Plata system are the Pilcomayo, which rises in Bolivia and flows south-east along the Argentine frontier for about 400 m.; the Bermejo, which rises on the northern frontier and flows south-east into the Paraguay; and the Salado del Norte (called Rio del Juramento in its upper course), which rises on the high mountain slopes of western Salta and flows south-east into the Parana.
==Geology== The Pampas of Argentina are generally covered by loess.
- The great extent of Argentina in latitude - about 33° - and its range in altitude from sea-level westward to the permanently snow-covered peaks of the Andes, give it a highly diversified climate,, which is further modified by prevailing winds and mountain barriers..
Of the immigrant arrivals for the forty-seven years given, 1,331,536 were Italians, 4 1 4,973 Spaniards, 170,293 French, 37,953 Austrians, 35,435 British, 30,699 Germans, 25,775 Swiss, 19,521 Belgians, and the others of diverse nationalities, so that Argentina is in no danger of losing her Latin character through immigration.
In literature Argentina is still under the spell of Bohemianism and dilettanteism.
The lack of coal in Argentina greatly increases the difficulty and cost of maintaining these industries, and high prices of the products result.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.