long of fourteen arches, still well preserved.
The arches of this period are semicircular and usually highly stilted.
There still remain a minaret and some marble arches and columns.
Towering red rocks formed into arches are a very notable part of Utah's geology.
Its subject, which is of high historical value as a record of costume, represents the translation of the body of St Mark, and gives us a view of the west façade of the church as it was at the beginning of the 13th century before the addition of the ogee gables, with alternating crockets and statues, and the intermediate pinnacled canopies placed between the five great arches of the upper storey.
The gills, borne on four arches, are internal and enclosed in the branchial chambers.
Extending along the front of the town is the boulevard de la Republique, a fine road built by Sir Morton Peto on a series of arches, with a frontage of 3700 ft., and bordered on one side by handsome buildings, whilst a wide promenade overlooking the harbour runs along the other.
gauge and the dimensions of the existing tunnels, arches, and other permanent works.
the use of blind arches as an external decoration, and of brick cornices with the points of the bricks projecting like the teeth of a saw, the use of pulvini (cushions) above the capitals of columns and under the spring of an arch, &c. &c., the use of round arches springing direct from these cushions, spherical pendentives, &c.
The town contains many ancient remains, notably the ruins of an ancient bridge in brickwork of twenty-one arches, of substructures in opus reticulation under the church of S.
The facades presented continuous colonnades on each floor with semicircular high stilted arches, leaving a very small amount of wall space.
It has five wide arches, the central one having a span of 35 ft., and is well preserved.
The plan of construction shows three parallel walls enclosing two corridors covered with the peculiar pointed arches or vaults characteristic of Palenque.
Three miles to the south of Herat the Kandahar road crosses the river by a masonry bridge of 26 arches now in ruins.
In the epistle ambo at Salerno and the gospel ambones at Cava and San Giovanni del Toro in Ravello, the columns support segmental arches carrying the ambones; the epistle ambo at Ravello and all those in Rome are raised on solid marble bases.
Sometimes also a viaduct consisting of a series of arches is preferred to an embankment when the line has to be taken over a piece of fiat alluvial plain, or when it is desired to economize space and to carry the line at a sufficient height to clear the streets, as in the case of various railways entering London and other large towns.
The walls, piers and arches, are all built in brick, covered with stucco, a great portion of which is preserved down to the present day.
My house is not resplendent with ivory and gold; nor is it adorned with marble arches, resting on graceful columns brought from the quarries of distant Africa.
The broad arches allowed fresh air and the clear fiberglass roof let the sunshine in while keeping the rain out.
Specially serious damage was done in the immediate neighbourhood of the chapel, but the finely moulded arches and the magnificent tracery of the east window survived in great part.
The wheels, called naoura, are of the most primitive construction, made of rough branches of trees, with palm leaf paddles, rude clay vessels being slung on the outer edge to catch the water, of which they raise a prodigious amount, only a comparatively small part of which, however, is poured into the aqueducts on top of the dams. These latter are exceedingly picturesque, often consisting of a series of well-built Gothic arches, and give a peculiar character to the scenery; but they are also great impediments to navigation.
Surmounting all, at the intersection of the arches is a cross.
The building was mainly of white weatherboard over a brick lower floor consisting of six dark brick arches.
It consists of two storeys with open colonnades, forming a long loggia on the ground and first floors, with seventeen arches on the sea front and eighteen on the other facade.
Above this is a lofty third storey, pierced with a few large windows, with pointed arches once filled with tracery, which is now lost.
In this way the mosaics of the two arches of the atrium and those of the Zeno chapel were cleaned and preserved.
The case was dismissed on technical grounds, but appeals were made to the court of arches and the court of delegates.
The columns and capitals were all taken from ancient buildings, Egyptian, Roman and Byzantine, and they carry arches of different forms, semicircular, pointed and horseshoe.
All the arches are pointed and slightly horseshoe, preceding therefore by about two and a half centuries the introduction of the pointed arch into Europe.
The piers carrying the arches have shafts at their angles, the earliest examples known, and the decoration of the walls consists of friezes, borders, and impost-bands, all enriched with conventional patterns interwoven with cufic characters and modelled in stucco.
Maria della Pensola are buildings of the 11th century with flat arches; the former has some good Renaissance sculptures.
It is a modern town, although many of the houses have the flat roofs, view-turrets (miradores) and horseshoe arches characteristic of Moorish architecture.
The severe west front is relieved by three rows of semicircular arches, and has a central porch (there were at one time three) supported by huge red marble lions, sculptured no doubt with the rest of the façade by Giovanni Bono da Bissone in 1281.
There on the right we see the handsome building of the old bakery, occupying the site of the present library; it has two arcades of Saracenic arches and a fine row of battlements.
The richest ornamentation was applied to the arches and string courses, while plaques of sculpture, roundels and coats of arms adorned the facades.
Eu has three buildings of importance - the beautiful Gothic church of St Laurent (12th and 13th centuries) of which the exterior of the choir with its three tiers of ornamented buttressing and the double arches between the pillars of the nave are architecturally notable; the chapel of the Jesuit college (built about 1625), in which are the tombs of Henry, third duke of Guise, and his wife, Katherine of Cleves; and the château.
The two first of these three are handsome suspension bridges; the third, an iron structure, replaced a wooden bridge of many arches which was closed in 1881, after standing a little over a century.
Thus, in Canterbury there was an appeal from the dean of Arches to the official principal of the Arches court.
When peculiars were abolished (vide infra) the dean of Arches disappeared, and his title, in the 19th century, was erroneously given to the official principal.
Mackay, " The Development of the Branchial Arterial Arches in Birds, with special reference to the Origin of the Subclavians and Carotids," Phil.
insides of wheel arches with a soft tipped scrubbing brush.
arches being turned between them (fig.
We find it retaining some traces of Byzantine influence in the decorated surfaces of applied marbles, and in the roundels of porphyry and verd antique, while it also retained certain characteristics of Gothic, as, for instance, in the pointed arches of the Renaissance facade in the courtyard of the ducal palace designed by Antonio Rizzo (1499).
The corner towards the Ponte della Puglia was also restored, and the hideous device of walling up the five last arches, adopted in the 16th century by the architect Da Ponte, was removed without prejudice to the stability of the structure.
It is situated at the foot of vine-clad hills on the right bank of the Loire, to the left bank of which it is united by a bridge of twenty-six arches, many of them dating from the 13th century.
17) describes the site of the town, the river and the bridge - the latter as built by Augustus, and as having the highest arches that he knew.
At the ninth mile the road crosses a ravine by the well-preserved and lofty Ponte di Nona, with seven arches, the finest ancient bridge in the neighbourhood of Rome.
deep, and then through a series of remarkable underground caves hollowed out of a quartz mountain and, with their arches and white columns, presenting the appearance of a pillared temple.
The surface is often remarkably honeycombed, and the rock weathers into pinnacles, pillars and arches of extraordinary shapes.
The judge under this act became (upon vacancies occurring) ex officio official principal of the arches court of Canterbury and of the chancery court of York.
The arches bear on the convex outer side the delicate arborescent gills, and on the concave inner side develop a membranous septum with vermicular perforations, a special sifting or filtering contrivance through which the water absorbed by the mouth has to pass before reaching the respiratory organs of the branchial apparatus.
The river is crossed at Stratford by a stone bridge of 14 arches, built by Sir Hugh Clopton in the reign of Henry VII.
The Greek had created the column; the Roman had developed it; the Roman Greek'or Greek Roman had taught the column to bear the cupola; the Saracen had taught it to bear arches of his own favourite pointed shape.
The exterior brick walls are divided by shallow arches and pilasters, as in other churches of Ravenna.
Some pre-Norman work appears in the western wall, the tower arches and south porch are Norman, and there are an Early English chapel and some Decorated windows.
In general it rather resembles a closed crown, consisting of a circlet from which rise two arches intersecting each other at right angles.
Circlet and arches are richly chased and jewelled; they are filled out by a cap of stiff material, often red velvet, ornamented with pictures in embroidery or appliqué metal.
The channel was open in Greek times, but was afterwards covered by Roman arches; it appears to have served as the main drain of the city.
In Berlin, on the Stadtbahn - which for a part of its length traverses private property - masonry arches, or earthen embankments between retaining walls, were substituted for the metallic structure wherever possible.
A wide porch peeked from behind three stucco arches.
The interior of the mosque is square and is divided into aisles by columns joined by Moorish arches.
that of the fifteen parishes in the deanery of the Arches.
A Sicilian church has nothing in common with a French or an English church; it is sometimes purely Oriental, sometimes a basilica with pointed arches.
BARFURUSH, a town of Persia, in the province of Mazandaran in 36° 32' N., and 52° 42' E., and on the left bank of the river Bawul [Babul], which is here crossed by a bridge of eight arches,.
The dome-shaped roof is supported by twenty arches.
It has a stately transitional Norman tower, and three fine Norman arches.
Mosaics are employed to decorate the spandrils of the arches.
As a contrast to the Ahmedabad mosques, the Kadam Rasul mosque at Gaur in Bengal possesses some characteristics which resemble those of the mosque of Tulun in Cairo, possibly due to the fact that it is entirely built in brick, with massive piers carrying pointed arches.
It forms one of the most decorative features of the synagogue, and of ten takes an architectural design, with columns, arches and a dome.
The southern arm of the Elbe, on the south side of the island of Wilhelmsburg, is crossed by another railway bridge of four arches and 2050 ft.
Purchas), and since the "Ritualists" refused to bow to this decision, parliament intervened with the Public Worship Regulation Act of 1874, which set up a disciplinary machinery for enforcing the law, and at the same time reconstituted the Court of Arches.
Remains of the latter include a nave-arcade with rounded arches.
The shaft, resting upon arches supported by four cast iron columns about 9 ft.
Each of these ruins has been visited by archaeologists who have copied inscriptions, described the temples, triumphal arches, porticos, mausoleums and the other monuments which are still standing, collected statues or other antiquities; and in many cases they have actually excavated.
The arches of the Romanesque portal are beautifully ornamented, in a manner suggestive of Arab influence; the bronze doors, executed by Barisanus of Trani in 1175, rank among the best of their period in southern Italy.
The river is crossed by a bridge of seven arches which was designed by Thomas Telford in 1805 and opened in 1808.
The Pointed arches rest upon pillars, possibly Norman, and above them, below the Decorated clerestory windows, is a series of semicircular arches with flamboyant tracery, a remarkable feature.
The brick campanile has small columns with little pointed arches.
Galgano (infra), built in black and white marble, was begun in the early years of the 13th century, but interrupted by the plague of 1248 and wars at home and abroad, and in 1317 its walls were extended to the baptistery of San Giovanni; a further enlargement was begun in 1339 but never carried out, and a few ruined walls and arches alone remain to show the magnificence of the uncompleted design, which would have produced one of the largest churches in the-world.
In 1868 Sir Robert Phillimore (Dean of the Arches) pronounced the ceremonial use of incense to be illegal in the suit of Martin v.
long and had twenty narrow arches, through which the tides formed dangerous rapids.
It is a massive stone structure of nine arches, carrying a level roadway, and is considered one of the finest bridges of its kind in the world.
The first was built in 1828 from designs of Decimus Burton, and comprises three arches with a frieze above the central arch copied from the Elgin marbles in the British Museum.
This church has various points of interest besides its Norman crypt, from which it took the name of Bow, being the first church in London built on arches.
The ecclesiastical Court of Arches sat here formerly.
It consisted of twenty stone arches and a drawbridge.
mouthpiece, or of the flow of water through the arches of a bridge, with wedge-shaped piers to divide the stream.
Remains of a theatre and of a late mosaic pavement with hunting scenes have been found, three of the bridges across the Bacchiglione and Retrone are of Roman origin, and arches of the aqueduct exist outside Porta S.
A stone bridge, consisting of seventeen arches, was built in 1485 over the river, and made a county bridge under James I.
Exclusive of extensive and flourishing suburbs, the city has a circuit of 12 m.; its streets are well paved and clean; and it possesses a large number of arches, public monuments, temples, hospitals and colleges.
Externally the finest part of the building is the west front, in which the note struck by the range of arches running round the base is repeated by four open arcades.
The lowest range of semicircular arches consists of twenty columns and the second of sixty; and above this is a row of eighteen windows in the same style separated by as many pilasters.
The basement is surrounded by a range of semicircular arches supported by fifteen columns, and above this rise six arcades with thirty columns each.
The Palazzo della Ragione, with its great hall on the upper floor, is reputed to have the largest roof unsupported by columns in Europe; the hall is nearly rectangular, its length 2672 ft., its breadth 89 ft., and its height 78 ft.; the walls are covered with symbolical paintings in fresco; the building stands upon arches, and the upper storey is surrounded by an open loggia, not unlike that which surrounds the basilica of Vicenza; the Palazzo was begun in 1172 and finished in 1219; in 1306 Fra Giovanni, an Augustinian friar, covered the whole with one roof; originally there were three roofs, spanning the three chambers into which the hall was at first divided; the internal partition walls remained till the fire of 1420, when the Venetian architects who undertook the restoration removed them, throwing all three compartments into one and forming the present great hall.
Pop. (1905), 91,124 (including a garrison of 7 500 men), of whom two-thirds are Roman Catholic. The Rhine, which here attains the greatest breadth of its upper course, is crossed by a magnificent bridge of five arches, leading to the opposite town of Castel and by two railway bridges.
high, adorned with marble columns, and cased with mosaic of the most varied designs; a fountain of alabaster - of the kind known as Algerian onyx - stands in the alabaster-paved inner court; and 72 columns support the arches of the interior.
1298, now transformed into a museum of antiquities, has two series of arches, which rest on alabaster pillars.
Delicate lacework extends from the spring of the arches to the roof.
The arches are circular or pointed.
There also remain ten arches of a bridge which led over the river from Samha on to the road to Shapurkhast, a city situated some distance west.
The tower itself is arcaded in the two lower storeys, having round arches in the lower and triangular in the upper, and there is a round-headed S.
A similarly variegated effect in red and white is produced by building the arches of windows and doors with alternating voussoirs in brick and marble.
A very picturesque battlemented bridge leads from it to the other shore, sloping down over three arches of different sizes, the fortifica- largest next to the castle and the smallest at the other boas.
There are four other bridges across the Adige: one, the graceful Ponte di Pietra, rests upon ancient foundations, while the two arches nearest to the left bank are Roman; but it has been frequently restored.
The early palaces of Verona, before its conquest by Venice, were of noble and simple design, mostly built of fine red brick, with an inner court, surrounded on the ground floor by open arches like a cloister, as, for example, the Palazzo della Ragione, an assize court, begun in the r 2th century.
The arches, round or more often pointed in form, were decorated with moulded terra-cotta enrichments, and often with alternating voussoirs of marble.
The town hall, with its light open loggia of semicircular arches on the ground floor, was designed by Fra Giocondo towards the end of the i 5th century; its sculptured enrichments of pilasters and friezes are very graceful, though lacking the vigorous life of the earlier medieval sculptured ornamentation.
Almost the whole of its external arcades, with three tiers of arches, have now disappeared; it was partly thrown down by an earthquake in 1184, and subsequently used to supply building materials.
The arches of this period are There is every reason to doubt Vasari's statement that Pisanello was a pupil of Andrea del Castagno.
The arches are mostly pointed, and in other respects the influence of northern Gothic was more direct in Verona than in Florence.
The most interesting of these is the Alte Mainbriicke, a red sandstone structure of fourteen arches, 815 ft.
Other bridges are the Obermainbriicke of five iron arches, opened in 1878; an iron foot (suspension) bridge, the Untermainbriicke; the Wilhelmsbriicke, a fine structure, which from 1849 to 1890 served as a railway bridge and was then opened as a road bridge; and two new iron bridges at Gutleuthof and Niederrad (below the city), which carry the railway traffic from the south to the north bank of the Main, where all lines converge in a central station of the Prussian state railways.
The river is here crossed by a bridge of twelve arches, which connects the town with the suburb of The Port.
It is unevenly built on high ground above the river Frome, which is here crossed by a stone bridge of five arches.
The Arches court was also the court of appeal from the consistory courts of the bishops of the province in all testamentary and matrimonial causes.
There are two piers, and a railway viaduct of eleven arches crosses the harbour.
The exterior is well preserved, and is largely decorated with interlacing pointed arches; the windows also are pointed.
The interior was restored in 1 559, though the pointed arches of the nave, borne by ancient granite columns, are still visible: and the only mosaics preserved are those of the apse and the last bay of the choir: they are remarkably fine specimens of the art of the period (1148) and, though restored in 1859-1862, have suffered much less than those at Palermo and Monreale from the process.
One of the figures, a barbarian captive, effeminate like those which appear on Roman triumphal arches, is practically intact.
Many Arab coins, some Kufic inscriptions and several burial-places were left by the Arabs; but they did not establish their religion or leave a permanent impression on the Phoenician inhabitants, or deprive the Maltese language of the characteristics which differentiate it from Arabic. There is no historical evidence that the domination of the Goths and Vandals in the Mediterranean ever extended to Malta: there are fine Gothic arches in two old palaces at Notabile, but these were built after the Norman conquest of Malta.
The Ponte di Cecco (so named from Cecco d'Ascoli), with two arches, is also Roman and belongs to the Via Salaria; the Ponte Maggiore and the Ponte Cartaro are, on the other hand, medieval, though the latter perhaps preserves some traces of Roman work.
He practised as an ecclesiastical lawyer, was an assessor at the trial of Oldcastle, and in 1415 was made dean of the Court of Arches.
An unfavourable judgment was given by the Canterbury Court of Arches in 1862, but reversed by the Privy Council in 1864.
In large levels only the cap pieces for the roof are made of steel joists, but in smaller ones complete arches made of pieces of rails fish-jointed at the crown are used.
It will be noted that this crown is, like its predecessors, what is known as an open crown, without any arches rising from the circlet, but in the accounts of the coronation of Henry IV.
seems to have had three arches, and there is the same number shown on the crown of Henry VII., which ensigns the hawthorn bush badge of that king.
12) shows two arches, and a crown similarly arched appears on the great seal of Richard III.
on his effigy in Westminster Abbey shows a circlet surmounted by four crosses and four fleurs-de-lys alternately, and has two arches rising from it.
14 shows the form of crown used by Edward VI., but a tendency (not shown in the illustration) began of flattening the arches of the crown, and on some of the coins of Elizabeth the arches are not merely flattened, but are depressed in the centre, much after the character of the arches of the crown on many of the silver coins of the 19th century prior to 1887.
The crown which strangely enough surmounts the shield with the arms of the Commonwealth on the coins of Oliver Cromwell (as distinguished from those of the Commonwealth itself, which have no crown) is a royal crown with alternate crosses and fleurs-de-lys round the circlet, and is surmounted by three arches, which, though somewhat flattened, are not bent.
16) shows the arches depressed in the centre, a feature of the royal crown which seems to have been continued henceforward till 1887, when the pointed form of the arches was resumed, in consonance with an idea that such a form indicated an imperial rather than a regal crown, Queen Victoria having been proclaimed empress of India in 1877.
The crown of St Edward, with which the sovereigns were crowned, had a narrow circlet from which rose alternately four crosses and four fleurs-de-lys, and from the crosses sprang two arches, which at their crossing supported an orb and cross.
These arches must have been a later addition, and possibly were first added for the coronation of Henry IV.
Queen Edith's crown had a plain circlet with, so far as can be determined, four crosses of pearls or gems on it, and a large cross patee rising from it in front, and arches of jewels or pearls terminating in a large pearl at the top. A valuation of these ancient crowns was made at the time of the Commonwealth prior to their destruction.
It had been altered for the coronation, and the arches were formed of oak leaves (fig.
19 shows Queen Victoria's crown with raised arches and without the inner cap of estate, which since the reign of Henry VII.
It is entirely constructed of granite blocks, without cement, and consists of six arches of various sizes, with a total length of 616 feet and a height of about 1 9 0 ft.
One of the arches was broken down in 1213 and rebuilt in 1553; another was blown up by the British troops in 1809, and, though temporarily reconstructed, was again destroyed in 1836, to prevent the passage of the Carlist forces.
The two old churches, St Michael's, the central tower and lofty spire of which rise from Norman arches, and Holy Rood, partly Decorated, are greatly modernized.
South-east of the city, along the valley of the Wadi Melain, are hundreds of large stone arches, magnificent remains of the Roman aqueduct from Zaghwan to Carthage.
Between Zaghwan and Tunis, and accessible by the same railway, is Wadna, the Roman Uthina, where, besides numerous other ruins, are the fairly preserved arches of a large amphitheatre.
Facing the arch, within the Hieron, their rear walls forming one side of the enclosure, are three temples, connected with one another by arches, and forming one design.
It is pleasantly situated on the right bank of the Thames, which is crossed by a bridge of seven arches, built of Purbeck stone in 1785.
Cast iron was about the same time used for arches, and some of the early railway bridges were built with cast iron girders.
The suspension bridge dispenses with the compression member required in girders and with a good deal of the stiffening required in metal arches.
It had eight arches, the greatest span FIG.
above the stream_' This bad six arches and was built of stone blocks without cement.
The arches vary from 51 to 79 ft.
arches of planks bolted together), were built for some of the earlier railways, particularly the Great Western and the Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire.
As railway loads increased and greater spans were demanded, the Howe truss was stiffened by timber arches on each side of each girder.
The span of the arches ranged from 10 to 33 ft., and the total waterway was only 337 ft.
The semi-elliptical shape of the arches, the variation of span, the _ slight curvature of the 26:0'=-----.
above Trinity high-water mark; the arches on each side of the centre have a span of 140 ft., and the abutment arches 130 ft.
In Germany and America twoand three-hinged arches of masonry and concrete have been built, up to 150 ft.
This space is filled with a flooring of reinforced concrete, resting on the two arches, and carrying the central roadway.
Such hinges have been used not only for metal arches, but in a modified form for masonry and concrete arches.
For an elementary account of the theory of arches, hinged or not, reference may be made to a joint by more than one-eighteenth of its depth.
At Rechtenstein a bridge of two concrete arches has been constructed, span 752 ft., with lead articulations: width of arch 11 ft.; depth of arch at crown and springing 2.1 and 2.96 ft.
In Paris the Austerlitz (1800-1806) and Carrousel (1834-1836) bridges had cast iron arches.
Baker stated that it had required patching for ninety years, because the arch and the high side arches would not work together.
Expansion and contraction broke the high arch and the connexions between the arches.
28 shows one of the wrought iron arches of a bridge over the Rhine at Coblenz.
Of large-span bridges with steel arches, one of the most important is the St Louis bridge over the Mississippi, completed in 1874 (fig.
All that needed to be done was to fish the fractured ribs of the high arches, put oval holes in the fishes, and not screw up the bolts too tight.
Cast iron arches of considerable span were constructed late FIG.
The difficulty of casting heavy arch ribs led to the construction of cast iron arches of cast voussoirs, somewhat like the voussoirs of masonry chambers and air locks, a feat unprecedented in the annals of engineering.
The bridge has three spans, each formed of arches of cast steel.
The rise of the centre arch is 471 ft., and that of the side arches 46 ft.
The arches carry a double railway track and above this a roadway 54 ft.
When arches form the superstructure, the abutment must be so designed as to transmit the resultant thrust to the foundation in a safe direction, and so distributed that no part may be unduly compressed.
In any stiffened suspension bridge the action of the pier will be analogous to that of a pier between two arches.
In the case of the St Louis bridge, half arches were built out on either side of each pier, so that the load balanced.
The bridge was composed of twenty arches supported by stone pillars, several of which are still visible at low water.
In 1731 the famous palace of the Netherlands was destroyed by fire, and the only remains of this edifice are some ruined arches and walls in a remote corner of the grounds of the king's palace.
Note should be made of a short treatise on La Formation francaise des anciens noms du lieu (1867); a memoir De l'ogive et de l'architecture dite ogivale (1850), where he gives his theory on the use of stone arches - important for the history of religious architecture; an article on L'Age de la cathedrale de Laon (1874), in which he fixed the exact date of the birth of Gothic architecture; Histoire du costume en France (1875; 2nd ed.
The offer was accepted, and the bishop was received with triumphal arches and other demonstrations of joy.
A stone arch bridge, with nine arches, built of granite at a cost of $1,700,000 and dedicated in 1908, spans the Connecticut (replacing the old Connecticut river bridge built in 1818 and burned in 1895), and connects Hartford with the village of East Hartford in the township of East Hartford (pop. 1900, 6406), which has important paper-manufacturing and tobacco-growing interests.
The "spacious arches of stone and other vestiges of departed majesty," with which Ker Porter found it surrounded in 1818, were possibly remains of the college (medresseh) and monastery (zavieh) where Ibn Batuta found shelter during his visit to the locality.
He served as archdeacon of Lincoln, canon of York and dean of the court of arches before 1323, when he became bishop of Winchester, an appointment which was made during his visit to Pope John XXII.
From Toulouse to Agen the main canal follows the right bank of the Garonne, crossing the Tarn on an aqueduct at Moissac, while another magnificent aqueduct of twenty-three arches carries it at Agen from the right to the left bank of the river.
Mostly with bony arches across the temporal region.
No bony arches.
But swiftness, the apparatus necessary for climbing, running and digging, the mechanism of the tongue, the muscles of the jaws (hence modifications of the cranial arches) stand also in correlation with the kind of food and with the way in which it has to be procured.
Pleurodont lizards with well-developed limbs; without temporal bony arches; postthoracic ribs united across the abdomen.
Presumably the presence of osteoderms and of complete cranial arches are more archaic than their absence, just as we conclude that limbless forms have been evolved from various groups possessed of fully developed limbs.
The vermiform body is covered with cycloid imbricating scales, devoid of osteoderms. Limbs and even their arches are absent, excepting a pair of flaps which represent the hind-limbs in the males.
The city is supplied with fresh water by means of an aqueduct carried by arches over an extensive valley.
St Mary's, in the centre of the town, and St David's, beyond the Usk, are now mainly modern, though the former has some of the Norman arches of the original church.
A suit on the complaint of a neighbouring clergyman ensued and after various complications Denison was condemned by the archbishops' court at Bath (1856); but on appeal the court of Arches and the privy council quashed this judgment on a technical plea.
square, with pointed arches decorated with diaper work, supported on pairs of columns in white marble, 216 in all, which were alternately plain and decorated by bands of patterns in gold and colours, made of glass tesserae, arranged either spirally or vertically from end to end of each shaft.
Monolithic columns of grey oriental granite (except one, which is of cipollino), evidently the spoils of older buildings, on each side support eight pointed arches much stilted.
The outside of the church is plain, except the aisle walls and three eastern apses, which are decorated with intersecting pointed arches and other ornaments inlaid in marble.
The outsides of the principal doorways and their pointed arches are magnificently enriched with carving and coloured inlay, a curious combination of three styles - Norman-French, Byzantine and Arab.
With the exception of a high dado, itself very beautiful, made of marble slabs with bands of mosaic between them, the whole interior surface of the walls, including soffits and jambs of all the arches, is covered with minute mosaic-pictures in brilliant colours on a gold ground.
- Offences against the law ecclesiastical (not being crimes) committed by clergy of the Church of England as a rule come by letters of request from the bishop of the diocese before the arches court of Canterbury or the chancery court of York (of both of which the same person is judge).
It is beneath one of the ruined arches of a church mentioned by Jerome, and is reached by a few rough steps.
Cistercian houses this was quadrangular, and was divided by pillars and arches into two or three aisles.
The arches of the lavatory are to be seen near the refectory entrance.
A considerable portion of this house was erected on arches over the Skell.
Like the hall in the castle at Winchester, and Westminster Hall, as originally built, it was divided by 18 pillars and arches, with 3 aisles.
In order that the doors when raised may not impede the view under the arches, 1 L.
The ruined skeleton of the great tower arches now terminates the building eastward.
The rocks composing the cliffs are worn into caves, and around the island are many fantastic arches and columns.
at the top, is well known, inasmuch as they were standing till about 1600; and the north gate, the Porta Palatina, still exists; it has a double opening, and two orders of arches above, and is flanked by two sixteen-sided brick towers.
The streets are lighted with electricity and gas, the Ouvidor and some other narrow streets having a great number of gas-pipe arches across them for decorative illumination on festal occasions.
The water supply is derived from three sources: the small streams flowing down the mountain sides which serve small localities; the old Carioca aqueduct, dating from colonial times, which collects a considerable supply from the small streams of the Serra da Carioca and brings it into the city through a covered conduit which once crossed the gap between Santa Thereza and Santo Antonio hills on two ranges of stone arches (now used as a viaduct by the Santa Thereza Tramway Company); and the modern Rio do Ouro waterworks, which brings in an abundant supply from the Serra do Tinqua, N.W.
- The rodent skull is characterized by the great size of the premaxillae, which completely separate the nasals from the maxillae; by the presence of zygomatic arches; and by the wide unoccupied space existing between the incisors and the cheek-teeth; and (except in the Duplicidentata) by the antero-posteriorly elongated glenoid cavity for the articulation of the lower jaw.
The most remarkable feature of the genus is, however, the extraordinary development of the zygomatic arches of the skull, which are enormously expanded vertically, forming great convex bony capsules on the sides of the face, enclosing on each side a large cavity lined with mucous membrane internally, and communicating by a small opening with the mouth.
Having entered the church he held many ecclesiastical appointments, and became dean of the Arches in 1423; then devoting his time to secular affairs he was sent on an embassy to Calais in 1439, and to John IV., count of Armagnac, in 1442.
The beautiful central bridge - the Alte or Augustusbriicke - with 16 arches, built in 17 2 7-1731, and 1420 ft.
Some damage was also inflicted on it in 1813, when Napoleon made it the centre of his operations; one of the buttresses and two arches of the old bridge were then blown up. The dismantling of the fortifications had been begun by the French in, 810, and was gradually completed after 1817, the space occupied by them being appropriated to gardens and promenades.
It is pleasantly situated at the confluence of the streams Laver and Skell with the river Ure, which is crossed by a fine bridge of nine arches.
This was brought to the notice of the Court of Arches in 1845, and Sir H.
The river is crossed by St John's Bridge of nine arches, completed in 1772 from the designs of John Smeaton and widened a century later; by Victoria Bridge, a modern structure connecting South Street with Dundee Road; and farther south (at the end of Tay Street) by a footway alongside of the viaduct belonging to the Caledonian railway.
The church of St Eustachius dates from 1318, and possesses a lofty tower supported on four open arches.
The structures in which steel concrete is used may be analysed as consisting essentially of (I) walls, (2) columns, (3) piles, (4) beams, (5) slabs, (6) arches.
The arches of Porta Nuova are almost the last trace of the inner circuit, constructed after the destruction of the city by Frederick Barbarossa, to which also belonged the Porta dei Fabbri, demolished in 1900.
0 5 15 on piers and arches to allow the roots to pass outwards into a prepared border, the trees being planted just within the house.
There are in the chancel two freestone effigies, perhaps of the r4th century, besides three sedilia, and a piscina under arches.
The nave, in the Transitional and Decorated styles, with a rich midPointed triforium of broad round arches, has been restored, and used as the parish church since 1862.
The Mosel is spanned by a Gothic freestone bridge of 14 arches, erected in 1344, and also by a railway bridge.
The jaws are short and strong, and the width of the zygomatic arches, and great development of the bony ridges on the skull, give ample space for the attachment of the powerful muscles by which they are closed.
The entrance, a door in a false arcade of black and white marble, leads into a court whose arches support an upper colonnade.
On each side of it were two arches, affording an entrance into the forum, but capable of being closed by gates.
Being in great part excavated in the surface of the hill, instead of the seats being raised on arches, it is wanting also in the picturesque arched corridors which contribute so much to the effect of those other ruins.
The Dee is here crossed by a 14th-century bridge of four arches, "one of the seven wonders of Wales," built by John Trevor, afterwards bishop of St Asaph (Llanelwy).
It was built to consist of two bridges one over the eastern or Damietta branch of the river having 71 arches, the other, over the Rosetta branch, having 61 arches, each arch being of 5 metres or 16.4 ft.
The building was all of stone, the floors of the arches were inverts.
The arches were designed to be fitted with self-acting drop gates; but they were not a success, and were only put into place on the Rosetta branch.
The experiment was repeated year after year till 1867, when the barrage cracked right across from foundation to top. A massive coffer-dam was then erected, covering the eleven arches nearest the crack; but the work was never trusted again, nor the water-surface raised more than about 3 ft.
It consists of a bridge of i i 1 arches, each 5 metres span, with piers of 2 metres thickness.
It lies in a valley sheltered by steep chalk hills on the east, its old-fashioned stone houses lining a single broad street, which crosses the Upper Avon by a bridge of four arches.
It has a fine facade of six arches, and the capitals of the supporting pillars are very curiously carved.
The whole forms a large group of buildings, now partially in ruins, in a style resembling the contemporaneous medieval work in Europe, with pointed arches in several orders.
Returning to England in 1553, he resigned his position at Oxford, which was now that of regius professor of civil law, and was made chancellor of the dioceses of London and of Oxford and dean of arches.
Paolo fuori le Mura at Rome, with pairs of small columns supporting arches, and decorations in coloured mosaic ("Cosmatesque" work).
Within, the palace is unsurpassed for the exquisite detail of its marble pillars and arches, its fretted ceilings and the veil-like transparency of its filigree work in stucco.
Underneath it, to the right, was the principal entrance, and over it are three elegant windows with arches and miniature pillars.
The columns supporting the roof and gallery are irregularly placed, with a view to artistic effect; and the general form of the piers, arches and pillars is most graceful.
The Capella Palatina, at Palermo, the most wonderful of Roger's churches, with Norman doors, Saracenic arches, Byzantine dome, and roof adorned with Arabic scripts, is perhaps the most striking product of the brilliant and mixed civilization over which the grandson of the Norman Trancred ruled.
It has fifteen arches, and is 924 ft.
high, with twenty-eight arches, which extends from the railway station, a castellated building on part of the site of the old castle, to a considerable distance beyond the river.
There are two bridges over the stream: one of three arches, which carries the main street and bazaar, and one of two arches over which is built the Kait Bey mosque.
Atwood's published works, exclusive of papers contributed to the Philosophical Transactions, for one of which he obtained the Copley medal, are as follows: - Analysis of a Course of Lectures on the Principles of Natural Philosophy (Cambridge, 1784); Treatise on the Rectilinear Motion and Rotation of Bodies (Cambridge, 1784), which gives some interesting experiments, by means of which mechanical truths can be ocularly exhibited and demonstrated, and describes the machine, since called by Atwood's name, for verifying experimentally the laws of simple acceleration of motion; Review of the Statutes and Ordinances of Assize which have been established in England from the 4th year of King John, 1202, to the 37th of his present Majesty (London, 1801), a work of some historical research; Dissertation on the Construction and Properties of Arches (London, 1801), with supplement, pt.
The church of St Mark has a nave with double aisles, and massive late Norman pillars and arches.
The court of arches upheld the bishop, but its decision was reversed by the privy council.
It is cruciform in shape, and the walls are built mainly of flint, but jambs and arches are formed of Roman bricks.
Triumphal arches were erected in his honour on the former bridge and at Ariminum, the latter of which is still preserved.
To the north, in the Piazza Stesicoro, is the amphitheatre, a considerable portion of which has been uncovered, including the two corridors which ran round the whole building and gave access to the seats, while a part of the arcades of the exterior has been excavated and left open; the pillars are made of blocks of lava, and the arches of brick.
Lower down is the Palazzo Civico, belonging to the i ith or early 12th century, which is supported on arches of a single span, under which the road passes.
Next to the cathedral in artistic importance come the church of Santa Maria in Istrada, and the broletto or old palace of the commune, usually styled the Arengario; the former (founded in 1357) has a rich terra-cotta facade of 1 393, and the latter is raised on a system of pointed arches, and has a tall square tower terminating in machicolations surrounding a sharp central cone.
Pop. of urban district (1901) 3599 It is intersected by the river Barrow, which is here crossed by a bridge of five arches.
In the part of Herculaneum already excavated the corridors in the upper portions of the theatre are compactly filled, up to the head of the arches, with pozzolana and pumice transformed into tufa (which proves that the formation of this stone may take place in a comparatively short time).
Along the north-eastern side of the city the Rummel is spanned in all four times by these natural stone arches or tunnels.
It is surrounded by well-kept walls of great antiquity, and its main streets are spanned by large pailous or monumental arches, some dating from the time of the emperor Tai-ting-ti of the Yuan dynasty (1324).
The upper part of the main facade, with arcades of pointed arches, dates from the 13th century, and the portal has recumbent lions and elaborate sculptures above.
The east and south gates exist (the latter, a double gate with three arches flanked by two towers, is the Porta Praetoria, and is especially fine), while the rectangular arrangement of the streets perpetuates the Roman plan, dividing the town into 16 blocks (insulae).
A stone bridge of seven arches, erected in 1789, connecting Kew with Brentford on the other side of the river, was replaced by a bridge of three arches opened by Edward VII.
The interior is vaulted and has eight pillars, supporting double round arches.
It is situated on both banks of the Heraz, or Herhaz river, which is crossed here by a very narrow stone bridge of twelve arches and flows into the Caspian Sea 12 m.
By its aid, for example, the whole of the properties a elliptical arches, whether square or skew, whether level or sloping in their span, are at once deduced by projection from those of symmetrical circular arches, and the properties of ellipsoidal and ellipticconoidal domes from those of hemispherical and circular-conoidal domes; and the figures of arches fitted to resist the thrust of earth, which is less horizontally than vertically in a certain given ratio, can be deduced by a projection from those of arches fitted to resist the thrust of a liquid, which is of equal intensity, horizontally and vertically.
The river is crossed by a fine bridge of eight arches on which stands the chapel of St Mary, a beautiful structure 50 ft.
in depth, it is composed of three arches supported by Corinthian columns.
thick, is pierced by three square gates surmounted by a range of blind arches and a double row of projecting corbels, with holes in which the poles of the awning were placed.
As superintendent of public buildings he enriched Paris with boulevards, quays and triumphal arches; he relaid the foundation-stone of the Louvre, and brought Bernin from Rome to be its architect; and he erected its splendid colonnade upon the plan of Claude Perrault, by whom Bernin had been replaced.
The vertebral axis shows a series of broad rings, with distinct neural arches, but no ribs.
Towards the end of the body both neural and haemal arches are continued into forked radial cartilages, which support a median fin.
Within this is a maze of structures out of which rises the colossal ruin of the theatre, built up on arches like a Roman amphitheatre for lack of a convenient hill-side to be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion.
The arches now afford shelter and stabling for the Cretans.
The nave, on each side, has nine pointed arches in the basement storey, nine round arches in the triforium, and thirty-six pointed arches in the clerestory, through which an arcade is carried on both sides.
The coast, fully exposed to the open ocean, abounds in fine cliff scenery, including numerous caves and natural arches, but is notoriously dangerous to shipping.
Of the nave three bays of the south side are still standing, and the windows have pointed arches externally and semicircular arches internally.
The principal buildings which can still be distinguished are a temple, an aqueduct, a large theatre (enclosed by a castle of much more recent workmanship), several baths, a triumphal and other arches, three mosques, and what are known as the church and convent of the monk Boheira.
It now enters the town by an aqueduct of twenty arches of Frankish construction.
These cave flowers are unfolded by pressure, as if a sheaf were forced through a tight binding, or the crystal fibres curl outward from the centre of the group. Thus spotless arches of 50 ft.
The waters, entering through numerous domes and pits, and falling, during the rainy season, in cascades of great volume, are finally collected in River Hall, where they form several extensive lakes, or rivers, whose connexion with Green River is known to be in deep springs appearing under arches on its margin.
For the former several of the arches of the city railway have been utilized, and correspond in internal arrangement to like shelters instituted by the Salvation Army in London and various other cities.
Of the ancient Benedictine abbey, the only remains are a part of a gateway, a lodge (a beautiful Perpendicular relic) and some buttresses, while some broken stone arches and walls remain of the conventual buildings.
The most striking effect now lies in its engrailed arches.
The inner face .of the arches, with the spandrils and the pilasters which support them, are covered with flowers and foliage of delicate design and dainty execution, crusted in green serpentine, blue lapis lazuli and red and purple porphyry.
It is given in Persian characters twice in the panels over the narrow arches at the ends of the middle hall, beginning from the east on the north side, and from the west at the south side.
square, supported by arches and ascended by four flights of steps.
The cathedral of St Martin was begun in 1063 by Bishop Anselm (later Pope Alexander II.); but the great apse with its tall columnar arcades and the fine campanile are probably the only remnants of the early edifice, the nave and transepts having been rebuilt in the Gothic style in the 14th century, while the west front was begun in 1204 by Guidetto (lately identified with Guido Bigarelli of Como), and "consists of a vast portico of three magnificent arches, and above them three ranges of open galleries covered with all the devices of an exuberant fancy."
The principal market-place in the city (Piazza del Mercato) has taken possession of the arena of the ancient amphitheatre, the outer arches of which can still be seen in the surrounding buildings.
The water supply is maintained by an aqueduct built in1823-1832with 459 arches, from the Pisan mountains.
Architecturally the most important of the many striking features of the palace is the arrangement in the vestibule by which the supporting arches spring directly from the capitals of the large granite Corinthian columns.
Many discoveries were made, including the ruins of a theatre, amphitheatre, city walls and gates, baths, aqueducts, pagan and Christian cemeteries, basilicas and many fragments of houses and arches.
long, with five arches, took the place, in 1870, of an old one which is said to have been of Roman origin.
wide, with ro arches, each with a span of 37 ft.
In the town itself there are no Roman remains; but there is a good Gothic cathedral in brick, and an interesting octagonal baptistery, attributed to the 8th or 9th century, the arches being supported by ancient columns, and the vaulting decorated with mosaics.
The filling between the girders and floor beams consists of segmental arches of brick, segmental or flat arches of porous (sawdust) terra-cotta, or hard-burned hollow terra- - cotta voussoirs, or various patented forms of con crete floors containing ties or supports of steel or iron.
In all cases it is customary to fill on top of the arches with a strong Portland cement concrete to a uniform level, generally the top of the deepest beam; the floor filling is constructed and carried to this level immediately upon the completion of each tier of beams, for the purpose not only of stiffening the frame laterally, and of adding to its stability by the imposition of a static load, but also to afford constantly safe and strong working platforms at regular and convenient intervals for use throughout the entire period of the construction.
The river Annan is crossed by a stone bridge of three arches dating from 1824, and by a railway bridge.
Entering by the west (or Akcha) gate, one passes under three arches, which are probably the remnants of a former Jama Masjid.
4 in.), the Yagans present in some respects a more debased type characterized by low brows, prominent zygomatic arches, large tumid lips, flat nose, loose wrinkled skin, black restless eyes very wide apart, coarse black unkempt hair, and head and chest disproportionately large compared with the extremely slender and outwardly curved legs.
Exquisite ornament is seen in the triforium arcade, and between some of the arches in the transept are figures, especially finely carved, though much mutilated, known as the censing angels.
The college consisted of a president (the dean of Arches for the time being) and of those doctors of law who, having regularly taken that degree in either of the universities of Oxford or Cambridge, and having been admitted advocates in pursuance of the rescript of the archbishop of Canterbury, were elected fellows in the manner prescribed by the charter.
The college was accordingly dissolved, and the various ecclesiastical courts which sat at Doctors' Commons (the Court of Arches, the Prerogative Court, the Faculty Court and the Court of Delegates) are now open to the whole bar.
St John's church, one of the most interesting in Wiltshire, is cruciform, with a massive central tower, based upon two round and two pointed arches.
Numerous Roman remains have been found in the neighbourhood, of which the chief is the large aqueduct on two tiers of arches which still serves to supply the town and dilapidated citadel with water from Mount Pangeus.
The lateral entrances are sheltered by tympana and arches profusely decorated with statuettes.
Its height, subject to water-pressure, is about 134 ft., and a carriage-way is carried on arches at an elevation of about 18 ft.
The first, till 1832 the only access to the city from the south, consists of seven semicircular ribbed arches, is about 30 ft.
The bridge of Don has five granite arches, each 75 ft.
high, with 32 arches.
This decree was enforced in the court of Arches against a pluralist clerk in 1848 (Burder v.
It much more frequently happens that the strata have been bent into arches and troughs, so that they can be seen dipping under the surface on one side of the axis of a fold, and rising up again on the other side.
The court of arches upheld the bishops decision.
The Suir is crossed by a wooden bridge of thirty-nine arches, and 832 ft.
to the west of the present line of Port Street, and the "auld brig" ‚over the Forth to the north, a quaint high-pitched structure of four arches, now closed to traffic. It dates from the end of the 14th century and was once literally "the key to the Highlands."
In the neighbourhood also a great railway viaduct spans the Dinting valley with sixteen arches.
It is a triumphal archway, consisting of three arches, erected in honour of the victory of Theodosius I.
Under the Turkish buildings along the western side of the arena, some arches against which seats for the spectators were built are still visible.
The Taw is here crossed by a stone bridge of sixteen arches, said to have been built in the 12th or 13th century.
COURT OF ARCHES, the English ecclesiastical court of appeal of the archbishop of Canterbury, as metropolitan of the province of Canterbury, from all the consistory and commissary courts in the province.
It derives its name from its ancient place of judicature, which was in the church of Beata Maria de Arcubus - St Mary-le-Bow or St Mary of the Arches, "by reason of the steeple thereof raised at the top with stone pillars in fashion like a bow bent archwise."
The proper designation of the judge is official principal of the Arches court, but by custom he came to be styled the dean of the Arches, a title belonging formerly to the chief official of the subordinate court.
Originally, the official principal exercised metropolitan jurisdiction, while the dean of the Arches exercised the "peculiar" jurisdiction.
The dean of the Arches originally had jurisdiction over the thirteen London parishes above mentioned, but as the official principal was often absent as ambassador on the continent, he became his substitute, and gradually the two offices were blended together.
The original office of the dean of the Arches may now be regarded as extinct, though the title is still popularly used, for no dean of the Arches has been appointed eo nomine for several centuries, and by an act of 1838 bishops have jurisdiction over all peculiars within their diocese.
The judge of the Arches court was until 1874 appointed by the archbishop of Canterbury by patent which, when confirmed by the dean and chapter of Canterbury, conferred the office for the life of the holder.
But by the Public Worship Regulation Act 1874 the two archbishops were empowered, subject to the approval of the sovereign by sign-manual, from time to time to appoint a practising barrister of ten years' standing, or a person who had been a judge of one of the superior courts (being a member of the Church of England) to be, during good behaviour, a judge for the purpose of exercising jurisdiction under that act, and it was enacted (sec. 7) that on a vacancy occurring in the office of official principal of the Arches court the judge should become officio such official principal.
On Lord Penzance's retirement in 1899, his successor, Sir Arthur Charles, received a patent from the archbishop of Canterbury as official principal of the Arches court, and he took the oaths of office according to the practice before the Public Worship Regulation Act.
The official principal of the Arches court is the only ecclesiastical judge who is empowered to pass a sentence of deprivation against a clerk in holy orders.
The appeals from the decisions of the Arches court were formerly made to the king in chancery, but they are now by statute addressed to the king in council, and they are heard before the judicial committee of the privy council.
(Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction Act 1532) the Arches court is empowered to hear, in the first instance, such suits as are sent up to it by letters of request from the consistorial courts of the bishops of the province of Canterbury, and by the Church Discipline Act 1840, this jurisdiction is continued to it, and it is further empowered to accept letters of request from the bishops of the province of Canterbury after they have issued commissions of inquiry under that statute, and the commissioners have made their report.
Under the Clergy Discipline Act 1892 an appeal lies from the judgment of a consistory court under that act, in respect of fact by leave of the appellate court, and in respect of law without leave, to either the Arches court or the judicial committee of the privy council at the option of the appellant.
For many years past there has been but little business in the Arches court, mainly owing to the unwillingness of a large number of the clergy to recognize the jurisdiction of what they deny to be any longer a spiritual court, and the consistent use by the bishops of their right of veto in the case of prosecutions under the Public Worship Regulation Act.
These consisted, we are told, of a garden of trees and flowers, built on the topmost of a series of arches some 7 5 ft.
It is chiefly characterized by the almost universal employment of the pointed arch, not only in arches of wide span such as those of the nave arcade, but for doorways and windows.
The actual introduction of the pointed arch took place at a much earlier date, as in the nave arcade of the Cistercian Abbey of Buildwas (1140), though the clerestory window above has semicircular arches.
The arches are sometimes cusped; circles with trefoils, quatrefoils, &c., are introduced into the tracery, and large rose windows in the transept or nave, as at Lincoln (1220).
The conventional foliage decorating the capitals is of great beauty and variety, and extends to spandrils, bosses, &c. In the spandrils of the arches of the nave, transept or choir arcades, diaper work is occasionally found, as in the transept of Westminster Abbey.
a second Rome was arising, with its forum, its triumphal arches, its shows and parades; and in this new Rome of a new Caesar fancy, elegance and luxury, a radiance of art and learning from the age of Pericles, and masterpieces rifled from the Netherlands, Italy and Egypt illustrated the consular peace.
The most striking of these towns is Deraheib (Castle Beautiful), so named from the picturesque situation of the castle, a large square building with pointed arches.
To these is attached the powerful elastic ligament (ligamentum nuchae, or " paxwax ") which, passing forwards in the middle line of the neck above the neural arches of the cervical vertebrae - to which it is also connected - is attached to the occiput and supports the weight of the head.
There are remains of a Norman hospital of St John the Baptist, consisting of arches of the chapel.
The bridge has been built and rebuilt several times and its forty-one arches differ in material, style and size.
It is situated on the north bank of the Tweed, here spanned by John Smeaton's fine bridge of five arches, erected in 1763-1766, 131 m.
The ancient town walls survive almost intact on the north and west sides, and retain the fine St George's gateway, locally called the "Five Arches."
Two Roman triumphal arches used to span the Via Egnatia.
An island in the Dochart (which is crossed at Killin by a bridge of five arches) is the ancient burial-place of the clan Macnab.
Phillimore in the Court of Arches (Elphinstone v.
A Roman bridge of three arches, 80 ft.
long and has ten arches: the ground plan is Roman; the stone piers are in the main later (the work is often attributed to Theodelapius, the third Lombard duke, in 604), while the pointed brick arches belong to a restoration of the 14th (?) century.
Even the inferior arches or chevrons of the tail of salamanders are continuously ossified with the centra.
Although there are four branchial arches in all the larval forms of the three orders, and throughout life in the Sirenidae, the perenni vZ.3 Pa.
they are nearly always absent in the lower Br', Br 2, Br a, Branjaw of the Ecaudata (exceptions in Hemi- chial arches.
Many of the houses are built with timber framework in Elizabethan style, and the two parts of the town are united by a bridge of 24 arches, originally erected in the 14th century, when the revenue of certain lands was set apart for its upkeep. The church of St Mary, with the exception of the tower, is a modern reconstruction.
It is situated on the left bank of the Dizful river, a tributary of the Karun, crossed by a fine bridge of twenty-two arches, 430 yds.
The former are used principally as casing, walls, pillars or other supporting parts of the structure, and includes ordinary red or yellow bricks, clay-slate, granite and most building stones; the latter are reserved for the parts immediately in contact with the fuel and flame, such as the lining of the fire-place, the arches, roof and flues, the lower part if not the whole of the chimney lining in reverberatory furnaces, and the whole of the internal walls of blast furnaces.
These bricks are specially used for the roof, fire arches, and other parts subjected to intense heat in reverberatory steel-melting furnaces, and, although infusible under ordinary conditions, are often fairly melted by the heat without fluxing or corrosion after a certain amount of exposure.
The original edifice being left intact, it was a difficult question how to deal with the windows and the Gothic arches of the interior.
The eight side chapels alone are complete, and their pointed arches spring from Renaissance pilasters planted on black marble elephants, the Malatesta emblems, or on baskets of fruit held by children.
The other urns on this side were placed by Malatesta's successors, and the arches on the left wall remained untenanted.
The nave arcades are of four bays, with octagonal shafts, molded capitals and bases, and pointed arches.
To the left, a ruined abbey, its empty arches framing sky; to the right, a lonely monument on a hill.
ambiencehe less, the style and ambiance of the restaurants, and the distinctive golden arches sign, are the same worldwide.
It was often based on circular forms and so had rounded arches, semi-circular apses and barrel vaults as common features.
arbouring and External Structures Much of the fencing and wooden structures such as pergolas, arches, arbors and decking was supplied by Forest.
The Norman arches of the south arcade are 12th century, the north arcade perhaps a century younger.
In keeping with Gilbert Scott's Norman style the nave arcade has four bays with rounded arches resting on solid squat pillars.
South wall: three-bay arcade with large two-centred arches springing from octagonal pillars and hollow-moulded capitals.
arches of the viaduct and line Blea Moor Tunnel.
East wall: a high four-centred arch with chamfers, and much like the arcade arch with chamfers, and much like the arcade arches.
arrowhead form created by the sweepback from the bumper to the front wheel arches.
The zygomatic arches are complete, and there is an auditory bullae present.
cast irondge has three cast-iron arches supported on granite piers.
featuring grand cayman on the day supporting curved arches.
One can see this in the prominent cheekbones (zygomatic arches, see Figure 1 ).
Maximum strength combined with minimum weight is gained by the monocoque design with stressed sides, wheel arches and roofing.
crocket capitals and finely molded arches also with filets.
Two door embrasures have their arches also turned in long slabs.
I think they lived next door to you. ' She arches an eyebrow to give me a once over.
The doors lead into a vestibule under the west gallery, and this opens with three arches into the nave proper.
Yet they have blind arches as decoration at their heads and these are accompanied by what appear to be original medieval grotesques.
He intends to make a series of natural arches, mainly using hazel, with topical pieces interacting with the arches.
This can result in hybrid buildings where traditional facades of arches and domes are grafted onto modern high-rises.
icicles formed by the dripping from those arches in fantastical shapes during the winter " .
Three gateway ranges, gables facing, with stone dressings to pilasters and stone arches with carved keystones.
observe kittiwakes and Brunnich's guillemots nesting on the lava cliffs alongside impressive basalt columns and wonderful rock arches.
gill Arches The bony structure which supports the gill lamellae.
monocoque design with stressed sides, wheel arches and roofing.
Check for rust and paint bubbles particularly on the sills, wheel arches, seams, door bottoms and suspension mountings.
nave arcade has four bays with rounded arches resting on solid squat pillars.
They have ogee arches and crocketed gables, i.e. take us forward into the C14.
openwork panels with Gothic ogee arches and cusping.
It's perfect for arches, pergolas, walls or climbing into a tree.
Phase 2 concentrated on the much-loved Rose Garden, creating new rose and shrub beds with arches for climbing roses and a new pergola.
The nave arches are borne on octagonal piers, probably of an earlier church.
Span of 2 shallow arches, with brick cutwater in central pier and brick pilaster above it, on each side.
The interior of the mill has stone-flagged floors supported by Victorian cast-iron pillars and low brick arches with iron hoops.
It has a lofty nave and side aisles, separated by elegant light clustered pillars, supporting pointed arches.
The Gothic architects and builders discovered the amazing strength and stability of using pointed arches.
The whitening gel is then painted on the teeth to be whitened, usually second premolar to second premolar upper and lower arches.
We finally rejoin the original road at junction under some high railroad arches at the foot of Chatham Hill.
The arcades which form the aisles, consist of four bays of pointed arches resting upon circular columns with molded capitals.
reticulated pattern on the stonework of the arches.
A small rivulet arches over a cliff, the movement of sun on water spring leaves in a light breeze.
I saw sea lions, arches, a near-perfect diamond, a man's profile.
shelferwater pinnacles, swim-throughs, steep walls and arches along with coral gardens and sloping shelves mean that dive sites are full of interest.
The face has long, thin eye slits surmounted by three horizontal arches of blue beads indicating eyebrows.
A triple wooden arcade is set below it consisting of wide two-centred arches on either side of a narrower arch with carved spandrels.
Any dome supported by circular arches, as is the dome of St. Mark's, must have spandrels for structural reasons.
Shift stubborn mud under the arches with a piece of wood or a purpose-made spatula.
The other bridge is upon the River Dee, about a mile west above New Aberdeen, and has seven very stately fine arches.
style kitchen has two decorative arches providing serving access and entry into the kitchen area.
The old coffee tavern next to the Post Office building came down along with the main station building including its Victorian arches.
Windows with two-centred arches containing three lights with cinquefoil tracery.
This was the first of its kind, with Purbeck stone columns, pointed arches and plate tracery windows.
The nave is wide and has transverse arches and all the fittings are in keeping.
It has odd trefoil headed arches with head corbels.
For this reason, we recommend switching to a microfibre wash mitt when wash mitt when washing wheels and the insides of wheel arches.
waterleaf capitals, with dogtooth ornament at the outer edge of the arches.
He had then left Oxfcrd and gone up to London to practise as an advocate in the principal ecclesiastical court, the court of arches.
Specially serious damage was done in the immediate neighbourhood of the chapel, the oak-groined roof and rich fittings of the choir were wholly destroyed, but the finely moulded arches and the magnificent tracery of the east window survived in great part.
The severe west front is relieved by three rows of semicircular arches, and has a central porch (there were at one time three) supported by huge red marble lions, sculptured no doubt with the rest of the faÃ§ade by Giovanni Bono da Bissone in 1281.
Externally it is an irregular octagon, each face consisting of a lower storey with a semicircular arch (in three cases occupied by a portal), with sculptures by Antelami, four tiers of small columns supporting as many continuous architraves, and forming open galleries, and above these (an addition of the Gothic period) a row of five engaged columns supporting a series of pointed arches and a cornice.
in length, carried on arches), which was built in 1785 by the bishop of the diocese as a famine relief work.
Eu has three buildings of importance - the beautiful Gothic church of St Laurent (12th and 13th centuries) of which the exterior of the choir with its three tiers of ornamented buttressing and the double arches between the pillars of the nave are architecturally notable; the chapel of the Jesuit college (built about 1625), in which are the tombs of Henry, third duke of Guise, and his wife, Katherine of Cleves; and the chÃ¢teau.
BARFURUSH, a town of Persia, in the province of Mazandaran in 36Ã‚° 32' N., and 52Ã‚° 42' E., and on the left bank of the river Bawul [Babul], which is here crossed by a bridge of eight arches,.
Circlet and arches are richly chased and jewelled; they are filled out by a cap of stiff material, often red velvet, ornamented with pictures in embroidery or appliquÃ© metal.
of Naples and his son to convey the water of the' Tiburno to Caserta (19 m.), is carried across the valley between Monte Longano and Monte Gargano by a threefold series of noble arches rising to a height of 210 ft.
Its subject, which is of high historical value as a record of costume, represents the translation of the body of St Mark, and gives us a view of the west faÃ§ade of the church as it was at the beginning of the 13th century before the addition of the ogee gables, with alternating crockets and statues, and the intermediate pinnacled canopies placed between the five great arches of the upper storey.
Below the mosaics the walls and arches are covered with rare marbles, porphyries and alabaster from ancient columns sawn into slices and so arranged in broad bands as to produce a rich gamut of colour.
These tectonic arches often extend for long distances with great regularity, but are frequently crossed by subsidiary anticlines, which themselves play a not unimportant part in the aggregation of the oil.
door in the Decorated style, supposed to occupy the site of the old Roman palace; Holy Trinity, in Goodramgate, Decorated and Perpendicular, with Perpendicular tower; Holy Trinity, Micklegate, formerly a priory church, now restored, showing Roman masonry in its walls; St Denis, Walmgate, with rich Norman doorway and Norman tower arches; St Helen's, St Helen's Square, chiefly Decorated; St John's, North Street, chiefly Perpendicular; St Margaret's, Walmgate, celebrated for its curiously sculptured Norman porch and doorway; St Mary the Elder, Bishophill, Early English and Decorated, with brick tower, rebuilt in 1659; St Mary the Younger, Bishophill, with a square tower in the Saxon style, rebuilt probably in the 13th century; St Mary, Castlegate, with Perpendicular tower and spire 154 ft.
Its houses, all built of grey stone, rise in picturesque disorder up the steep sides of the Avon valley, here crossed by an ancient bridge of nine arches, with a chapel in the centre.
For the two triumphal arches (Porta dei Bosari and Porta dei Leoni) see below.
He exercises also an appellate jurisdiction over each bishop, which, in cases of licensed curates, he exercises personally under the Pluralities Act 1838; but his ordinary appellate jurisdiction is exercised by the judge of the Arches court (see Arches, Court Of).
had four arches, springing from the alternate crosses and fleursde-lys of the circlet (fig.
A bas-relief on the Trajan column shows this bridge with masonry piers and timber arches, but the representation is probably conventional (fig.
- In England timber bridges of considerable span, either braced trusses or laminated arches (i.e.
In the Wurttemberg hinged arches a limit of stress of 110 tons per sq.
was allowed, while in the unhinged arches at Cologne and Coblentz the limit was 50 to 60 tons per sq.
The cathedral of St Stephen was begun in the 12th century in the Tuscan Romanesque style; to this period belongs the narrow nave with its wide arches; the raised transepts and the chapels were added by Giovanni Pisano in 1317-1320; the campanile dates from 1340 (it is a much smaller and less elaborate version of Giotto's campanile at Florence), while the faÃ§ade, also of alternate white sandstone and green serpentine, belongs to 1413.
The whole precinct is surrounded by a strong buttressed wall (XXX), pierced with arches, FIG.
The maksura is a rectangular domed chamber divided by 296 marble and porphyry columns into 17 aisles, each aisle having 8 arches.
Public Buildings, &c_ - The old castle, first built by Henry de Newburgh about 1099, has entirely disappeared; but of the new castle, which was probably intended only as a fortified house, there remain the great and lesser halls, a tower and a so-called keep with the curtain wall connecting them, its chief architectural feature being a fine embattled parapet with an arcade of pointed arches in a style similar to that of the episcopal palaces of St Davids and Lamphey built by Henry Gower (d.
as to its execution; the conception and style are essentially Florentine, carried out by Leonardo to a point of intense and almost glittering finish, of quintessential, almost overstrained, refinement in design and expression, and invested with a new element of romance by the landscape in which the scene is set - a strange watered country of basaltic caves and arches, with the lights and shadows striking sharply and yet mysteriously among rocks, some upright, some jutting, some pendent, all tufted here and there with exquisite growths of shrub and flower.
Although the pointed arches used are sometimes equilateral and sometimes drop-arches, the lancet-arch is the most characteristic. The period is best recognized in England by the great depth given to the hollows of the mouldings, alternating with fillets and rolls, by the decoration of the hollows with the dog-tooth ornament, by the circular abacus of the capitals, and the employment of slender detached shafts of Purbeck marble which are attached to piers by circular moulded shaftrings (Fr.
Chenonceaux owes its interest to its chÃ¢teau (see Architecture: Renaissance Architecture in France), a building in the Renaissance style on the river Cher, to the left bank of which it is united by a two-storeyed gallery built upon five arches, and to the right by a drawbridge flanked by an isolated tower, part of an earlier building of the 15th century.
In the adult Apoda these arches and the hyoid fuse into three transverse, curved or angular bones (see fig.
All along the aisles is blank arcading with trefoil arches and a blank elongated rounded quatrefoil in the spandrel.
In addition, all three bridges have a reticulated pattern on the stonework of the arches.
I saw sea lions, arches, a near-perfect diamond, a man 's profile.
The nave arcades are of four bays, with octagonal shafts, molded capitals and bases, and pointed arches of two chamfered orders.
Underwater pinnacles, swim-throughs, steep walls and arches along with coral gardens and sloping shelves mean that dive sites are full of interest.
There were arches on both sides of the river.
Any dome supported by circular arches, as is the dome of St. Mark 's, must have spandrels for structural reasons.
The American style kitchen has two decorative arches providing serving access and entry into the kitchen area.
Instead of the three plain arches or doorways, he built a trompe l'oeil vision of the city of Thebes.
Arches of bridges which carry an upside down triangle (lit red at night), are closed to all traffic.
For this reason, we recommend switching to a microfibre wash mitt when washing wheels and the insides of wheel arches.
This has scalloped and waterleaf capitals, with dogtooth ornament at the outer edge of the arches.
The new rear wings, wheel arches and sills were then welded on.
These allow your feet to breathe better than the traditional canvas sneaker and also offer good support to your arches and heels.
Allow for a comfortable amount of space in the toe area, and be sure the shoes provide good support for your arches.
Curved arches, soft lines and stonework are features seen in both estate-like chateaus and simple country farmhouses.
You'll want to work the material around any corners or arches so there aren't any wrinkles on the exposed front side.
Rose vines look beautiful around poles, columns and arches.
The entrance arches are perfect for this as well.
In place of columns, some use arches that people can walk through at the entrance or exit and stand in front of for their photos.
Kits come with a royalty chair, a decorated background, columns, and arches.
Flowers, garlands and arches are all used in numerous outdoor ceremonies.
M. lobata, the best-known kind, is used for summer gardening, its three-lobed leaves of deep green being handsome upon arches or trellises.
The plant is a cross with a Dijon Tea, and of freely rambling habit, well suited to pillars, arches, pergolas, and either to train against tree-trunks or pegged along the ground.
From ornamental arches to rigid tomato cages, adding a little structure to the garden can improve your yield and your garden's appearance.
Clematis are climbing vines, growing up and over arches, arbors and other supports.
You may see a lot of arches or horizontal lines.
Kamikaze Falls: Two sharp drops and two arches are the main features of this slide with its 19 foot sliding surface.
The first symptoms are usually problems with the feet such as high arches and problems with walking and running.
Children with FA may develop foot deformities such as club-foot, hammertoe, and high arches.
"Duration of Pacifier Use, Thumb Sucking May Affect Dental Arches."
Children at a wedding will inevitably play, and their activities could include running, hiding beneath tables, climbing chairs, dancing, or running into bushes or under arches at an outdoor celebration.
Patchy thin brows can easily make you feel less than gorgeous in a beauty world where strong, well-defined arches are revered.
If eyes are the windows to the soul, the best way to frame eyes is to create perfect arches with an eyebrow shaping kit.
Never tweeze above your brows because you can ruin the shape of your arches.
It is called a cathedral setting since it mimics the arches seen in cathedrals.
For example, yellow gold may be used to form arches, hearts, or even words in the setting of a platinum or white gold ring.
The lower ring band encircles the finger, while the upper portion of the band arches up to embrace the central mounting and focal diamond or gemstone, which is frequently in a classic tiffany setting.
Contemporary engagement rings often have solid cathedral settings, where the ring thickens to form the arches rather than splitting the band.
Tapering the arches to add delicacy to the ring.
Choosing a pave setting to add limitless sparkle to the arches.
Adding metallic texturing to the arches with milgrain edges, indentations, or flares.
Twisting or curving the arches so they are off center and the inner band can still be seen.
Furthermore, the raised arches present the illusion of setting the diamond deeper into the ring band while not restricting the light that can enter the stone and enhance its brilliance.
Cathedral settings can help balance large carat weight stones so they do not seem disproportionate to a slim band, and the arches also add a level of protection to the more delicate prongs at their narrowest point.
This sweet bed features lattice work and arches, making it a beautiful focal point of a girls' room.
Place the numbers in the middle of the circle or below the arches.
Do you have high arches or low ones, for example?
If, on the other hand, there's more white paper than there is footmarks, you probably have high arches.
High arches need more cushioning from your running shoes as they won't absorb impact very well.
Both are a bit stiffer in feel and amply support the arches while walking.
Comfort: You're going to be on your feet for perhaps hours at a time, so shoes that support your arches and allow unrestricted movement are important.
You'll need more room between the sole and top of the shoe to accommodate your high arches.
If you have high arches, begin lacing your shoes by criss-crossing and stopping after the first set of holes.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.