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antoinette

antoinette

antoinette Sentence Examples

  • Marie Antoinette, ihr Briefwechsel (ib.

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  • Marie Antoinette, ihr Briefwechsel (ib.

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  • Jackson noticed a woman dressed as Marie Antoinette, staring at him.

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  • The tone of the letters became very warm, and the cardinal, convinced that Marie Antoinette was in love with him, became ardently enamoured of her.

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  • The tone of the letters became very warm, and the cardinal, convinced that Marie Antoinette was in love with him, became ardently enamoured of her.

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  • The words were constantly altered and added to during the Terror and later; thus the well-known lines, "Madame Veto avait promis De faire egorger tout Paris On lui coupa la tete," &c., were added after the execution of Marie Antoinette.

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  • came to the throne in 1774 Chartres still found himself looked on coldly at court; Marie Antoinette hated him, and envied him for his wealth, wit and freedom from etiquette, and he was not slow to return her hatred with scorn.

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  • and his queen stood sponsors, Christine Antoinette Charlotte Desmares (1682-1753), was a fine actress in both tragedy and soubrette parts.

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  • He, however, protected the royal family against the violence of the mob and, on the 7th of August, even attempted to bring about a reconciliation, but his efforts were frustrated by Marie Antoinette.

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  • 1866); Marie Antoinette, Joseph II.

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  • and Leopold von Toskana, ihr Briefwechsel (2 vols., 1872); Briefe der Kaiserin Maria Theresa an ihre Kinder and Freunde (4 vols., 1881); Marie Antoinette: Correspondance secrete entre Marie-Therese et le comte de Mercy-Argenteau (3 vols., Paris, 1875), in collaboration with Auguste Geffroy; Graf Philipp Cobenzl and seine Memoiren (1885); Correspondance secrete du comte de Mercy-Argenteau avec l'empereur Joseph II.

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  • and Marie Antoinette, was born at Versailles on the 27th of March 1785, was christened the same day Louis Charles, and given the title of duke of Normandy.

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  • Barbey, A Friend of Marie Antoinette (Eng.

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  • Leloir, Mirabeau a Pontarlier (1886); Ferdinand Schwartz, Mirabeau and Marie Antoinette (Basel, 1891); and Alfred Mezieres, Vie de Mirabeau (1892).

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  • By the execution of the king and the removal of Marie Antoinette to the Conciergerie, Madame Elizabeth was deprived of her companions in the Temple prison, and on the 9th of May 1 794 she was herself transferred to the Conciergerie, and haled before the revolutionary tribunal.

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  • She was the eldest child of Claude of Guise and Antoinette of Bourbon, and married in 1534 Louis II.

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  • His father's death in 1765 made him heir to the throne, and in 1770 he was married to Marie Antoinette, daughter of the empress Maria Theresa.

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  • Marie Antoinette then obtained that ascendancy over her husband which was partly responsible for the extravagance of the ministry of Calonne, and brought on the Revolution by the resulting financial embarrassment.'

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  • The declaration of war against the emperor Francis II., nephew of Marie Antoinette, was forced upon the king by those who wished to discredit him by failure, or to compel him to declare himself openly an enemy to the Revolution.

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  • The "orphan of the Temple," as the princess was called, was in prison for three years, ' The responsibility of Marie Antoinette for the policy of the king before and during the Revolution has been the subject of much controversy.

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  • See the articles French Revolution and Marie Antoinette.

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  • Marie Antoinette warmly patronized him.

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  • of France, which involved the queen Marie Antoinette.

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  • The Parisian jewellers Boehmer and Bassenge had spent some years collecting stones for a necklace which they hoped to sell to Madame Du Barry, the favourite of Louis XV., and after his death to Marie Antoinette.

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  • After having vainly tried to place the necklace outside of France, the jewellers attempted again in 1781 to sell it to Marie Antoinette after the birth of the dauphin.

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  • At that time there was a personage at the court whom Marie Antoinette particularly detested.

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  • It was the cardinal Louis de Rohan, formerly ambassador at Vienna, whence he had been recalled in 1774, having incurred the queen's displeasure by revealing to the empress Maria Theresa the frivolous actions of her daughter, a disclosure which brought a maternal reprimand, and for having spoken lightly of Maria Theresa in a letter of which Marie Antoinette learned the contents.

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  • The comtesse de Lamotte assured the cardinal that she was making efforts on his behalf, and soon announced to him that he might send his justification to Marie Antoinette.

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  • Later a certain Marie Lejay (renamed by the comtesse "Baronne Gay d'Oliva," the last word being apparently an anagram of Valoi), who resembled Marie Antoinette, stated that she had been engaged to play the role of queen in this comedy.

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  • Enriched by these, the countess was able to take an honourable place in society, and many persons believed her relations with Marie Antoinette, of which she boasted openly and unreservedly, to be genuine.

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  • He said that he was authorized by the queen, and showed the jewellers the conditions of the bargain approved in the handwriting of Marie Antoinette.

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  • Madame de Lamotte had told the cardinal that Marie Antoinette would make him a sign to indicate her thanks, and Rohan believed that she did make him a sign.

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  • But it is certain that the cardinal, convinced that he was acting for the queen, had engaged the jewellers to thank her; that Boehmer and Bassenge, before the sale, in order to be doubly sure, had sent word to the queen of the negotiations in her name; that Marie Antoinette had allowed the bargain to be concluded, and that after she had received a letter of thanks from Boehmer, she had burned it.

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  • It is generally believed that Marie Antoinette was stainless in the matter, that Rohan was an innocent dupe, and that the Lamottes deceived both for their own ends.

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  • Tourneux, Marie Antoinette devant lhistoire: Essai bibliographique (2nd ed., Paris, 1901); Emile Campardon, MarieAntoinette et le procks du collier (Paris, 1863); P. Audebert, L'A$aire du collier de la reine, d'apres la correspondance inedite du chevalier de Pujol (Rouen, 1901); F.

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  • d'Albini, Marie Antoinette and the Diamond Necklace from another Point of View (London, 1900); Funck-Brentano, L'Affaire du collier (1903); A.

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  • The queen, Marie Antoinette, was especially attracted by the grace and wit of le beau Fersen, who had inherited his full share of the striking handsomeness which was hereditary in the family.

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  • Linguet received the support of Marie Antoinette; his fame at the time surpassed that of his rival Beaumarchais, and almost excelled that of Voltaire.

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  • Among its most celebrated victims may be mentioned Marie Antoinette, the Hebertists, the Dantonists and several of the Girondists.

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  • MARIE ANTOINETTE (1755-1793), queen of France, ninth child of Maria Theresa and the emperor Francis I., was born at Vienna, on the 2nd of November 1755.

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  • Hence arose the famous secret correspondence of Mercy-Argenteau, an invaluable record of all the details of Marie Antoinette's life from her marriage in 1770 till the death of Maria Theresa in 1780.

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  • Marie Antoinette soon won the affection and confidence of the dauphin and endeared herself to the king, but her position was precarious, and both Mercy and Maria Theresa had continually to urge her to conquer her violent dislike for the favourite and try to conciliate her.

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  • But her first steps brought Marie Antoinette into open hostility with the anti-Austrian party.

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  • Antoinette.

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  • In1785-1786the affair of the Diamond Necklace 1 See Arneth, Marie Antoinette, Joseph II.

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  • the Instructions donnees a la marquise de Tourzel, governess of the children of France, dated the 24th of July, 1789, in la Rocheterie and Beaucourt, Lettres de Marie Antoinette, ii.

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  • The year 1789 was one of disaster for Marie Antoinette; on the 10th of March her brother Joseph II.

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  • Marie Antoinette's actions were now directed entirely by Fersen, for she suspected Mercy and the emperor of sacrificing her to the interests of Austria (Fersen, i.

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  • During all these events and the captivity in the Temple Marie Antoinette showed an unvarying courage and dignity, in spite of her failing health and the illness of her son.

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  • (2) Is Marie Antoinette of Austria, the widow Capet, convicted of having co-operated in these manoeuvres and maintained these communications ?

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  • (4) Is Marie Antoinette, the widow Capet, convicted of having participated in this plot and conspiracy ?

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  • The jury decided unanimously in the affirmative, and on the 16th of October 1793 Marie Antoinette was led to the guillotine, leaving behind her a touching letter to Madame Elizabeth, known as her "Testament."

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  • Belloc,Marie-Antoinette, pp. 311-312, states that clause of Brunswick's manifesto was "drafted" by Marie Antoinette, i.e.

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  • Tourneux, Marie Antoinette devant l'histoire.

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  • The most important material for her life is to be found in her letters and in the correspondence of Mercy-Argenteau, but a large number of forgeries have found their way into certain of the collections, such as those of Paul Vogt d'Hunolstein (Correspondance inedite de Marie Antoinette, (3rd ed., Paris, 1864), and F.

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  • Feuillet des Conches Louis X VI., Marie Antoinette et Madame Elisabeth, lettres et documents inedits (6 vols., Paris, 1864-1873), while most of the works on Marie Antoinette published before the appearance of Arneth's publications (1865, &c.) are based partly on these forgeries.

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  • For a detailed examination of the question of the authenticity of the letters see the introduction to Lettres de Marie Antoinette.

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  • von Arneth, Maria Theresia and Marie Antoinette, ihr Briefwechsel 1770-1780(Paris and Vienna, 1865); id., Marie Antoinette, Joseph II.

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  • et le prince de Kaunitz (2 vols., Paris, 1889-1891); for further letters see Comte de Reiset, Lettres de la reine Marie Antoinette a la landgrave Louise de Hesse-Darmstadt (1865); id.

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  • Lettres inedites de Marie Antoinette et de Marie-Clotilde, reine de Sardaigne (1877).

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  • Tourneux (op. cit.) discusses the authenticity of the memoirs of Tilly, Clery, Lauzun, &c. The chief of these memoirs are: Mme Campan, Memoires sur la vie privee de Marie Antoinette (5th ed., 2 vols., Paris, 1823, Eng.

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  • Weber, Memoires concernant Marie Antoinette (3 vols., London, 1804-1809; Eng.

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  • Antoinette (Paris, 1866); Mme Vigee-Le-Brun, Mes souvenirs (2 vols., Paris, 1867); Memoires de Mme la duchesse de Tourzel, ed.

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  • passim) contains a good estimate of Marie Antoinette.

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  • de Goncourt, Histoire de Marie Antoinette (Paris, 1859); P. de Nolhac, Marie Antoinette, dauphine (Paris, 1897); id.

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  • La Reine Marie Antoinette (8th ed., 1898), which gives good descriptions of Versailles, Trianon, &c.; M.

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  • de la Rocheterie, Histoire de Marie Antoinette (2 vols., Paris, 1890); A.

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  • Bicknell, The Story of Marie Antoinette; R.

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  • Prolss, Konigin Marie Antoinette, Bader aus ihrem Leben (Leipzig, 1894); G.

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  • Campardon, Marie Antoinette a la Conciergerie (1863).

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  • Belloc's Marie Antoinette (London, 1909) is very biassed and sometimes misleading.

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  • He married Antoinette de Louppes (Lopez), descended from a family of Spanish Jews.

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  • On his return he was added to the Committee of Public Safety, which had decreed the arrest en masse of all suspects and the establishment of a revolutionary army, caused the extraordinary criminal tribunal to be named officially "Revolutionary Tribunal" (on the 29th of October 1793), demanded the execution of Marie Antoinette and then attacked Hebert and Danton.

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  • gave welcome to Marie Antoinette, that Napoleon I.

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  • and Queen Marie Antoinette; his governess was the famous Madame de Geniis, to whose influence he doubtless owed many of the qualities which later distinguished him: his wide, if superficial knowledge, his orderliness, and perhaps his parsimony.

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  • His father was Etienne Pascal, president of the Court of Aids at Clermont; his mother's name was Antoinette Begon.

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  • The fact that Leopold's sister, Marie Antoinette, was the wife of Louis XVI.

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  • ANTOINETTE BOURIGNON (1616-1680), Flemish mystic, was born at Lille on the 13th of January 1616.

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  • For a critical account see Hauck, Realencyklopadie (Leipzig, 1897), and Etude sur Antoinette Bourignon, by M.

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  • To the second volume he appended a critical study on Marie Antoinette et Louis XVI apocryphes, in which he proved, by evidence drawn from documents in the private archives of the emperor of Austria, that the letters published by Feuillet de Conches (Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette et Madame Elisabeth, 1864-1873) and Hunolstein (Corresp. inedite de Marie Antoinette, 1864) are forgeries.

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  • With the collaboration of Alfred von Arneth, director of the imperial archives at Vienna, he edited the Correspondance secrete entre Marie-Therese et le comte de Mercy-Argenteau (3 vols., 1874), the first account based on trustworthy documents of Marie Antoinette's character, private conduct and policy.

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  • Though in favour of national reform he continued to cherish a strong feeling of loyalty to the royal family, and on the trial of Marie Antoinette in 1793 bore testimony in her favour.

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  • It was Esterhazy who conveyed to Marie Antoinette the portrait of Louis XVI.

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  • Among her many sitters was Marie Antoinette, of whom she painted over twenty portraits between 1779 and 1789.

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  • The engine was an eight-cylinder Antoinette petrol motor, developing 49 horse-power at 1100 revolutions a minute, and driving directly a single metal screw propeller.

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  • Hubert Latham all but performed the same feat on an Antoinette monoplane.

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  • Marie Antoinette >>

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  • Her only excuse is that as a sister of Marie Antoinette the very name of Republican or Jacobin filled her with loathing.

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  • His stride is the stride of a giant, from the sentimental beauty of the picture of Marie Antoinette at Versailles, or the red horror of the tale of Debi Sing in Rungpore, to the learning, positiveness and cool judicial mastery of the Report on the Lords' Journals (1794), which Philip Francis, no mean judge, declared on the whole to be the "most eminent and extraordinary" of all his productions.

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  • He had been in France in 1773, where he had not only the famous vision of Marie Antoinette at Versailles, "glittering like the morning star, full of life, and splendour and joy," but had also supped and discussed with some of the destroyers, the encyclopaedists, "the sophisters, economists and calculators."

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  • The passage about Marie Antoinette, which has since become a stock piece in books of recitation, seemed to Francis a mere piece of foppery; for was she not a Messalina and a jade?

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  • S' p effort, he was spurred on by Marie Antoinette, who keenly felt her own degradation and the curtailment of that royal prerogative which her son would one day inherit.

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  • Louis and still more Marie Antoinette regarded them with incurable distrust.

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  • In Paris the slaughter of distinguished victims began with the trial of Marie Antoinette, who was guillotined on the 16th.

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  • From 1770 onwards lived side by side with this king, rather than at his side, the archduchess Marie Antoinette of Austria one of the very graceful and very frivolous women Ma,* who were to be found at Versailles, opening to life A~7,i,toa like the flowers she so much loved, enamoured of pleasure and luxury, delighting to free herself from the formalities of court life, and mingling in the amusements of society; lovable and loving, without ceasing to be virtuous.

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  • (See MARIE ANTOINETTE.)

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  • In j~~5 the English colonies in America rebelled, and Louis XVI., after giving them secret aid and encouragement almost from the first, finally in February ~ despite Marie Antoinette, formed an open alliance with them; while when Joseph II., after having partitioned Poland, wanted in addition to balance the loss of Silesia with that of Bavaria, Vergennes prevented him from doing so.

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  • Therefore, after he had aroused the complaints of the commercial world and the bourgeoisie, the court, headed by Marie Antoinette, profited by the general excitement to overthrow him.

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  • The king, more ponderous and irresolute every day, vacillated MeetIng ol between Necker the liberal on one side and Marie Antoinette, whose feminine pride was opposed to any concessions, with the comte dArtois, a mischievous nobody who could neither choose a side nor stick to one, on the other.

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  • For a time Mirabeau influenced the counsels of the court through the comte de Montmorin; but the king neither trusted him nor could be brought to see his point of view, and Marie Antoinette, though she resigned herself to negotiating with him, was very far from sympathizing with his ideals.

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  • The battle of Brcourt was a defeat without a fight for their party without stamina and their general without troops (July 13); while on the 31st of October their leaders perished on the guillotine, where they had been preceded by the queen, Marie Antoinette.

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  • An ardent patriot and republican, her relations with Danton resembled those of Marie Antoinette with Mirabeau, in each case a woman spoilt by flattery, enraged at indifference.

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  • and Marie Antoinette guillotined, the migrs dispersed, denied or forsaken by all Europe.

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  • Yet his dismissal was not really due to his book, but to the influence of Marie Antoinette, whose schemes for benefiting the duc de Guines he had thwarted.

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  • Marietta, named in honour of Marie Antoinette, is the oldest settlement in the state and in the North-west Territory.

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  • His position at court was uncomfortable, for though ambitious and conscious of possessing greater abilities than his brother (Louis XVI.), his scope for action was restricted; he consequently devoted his energies largely to intrigue, especially against Marie Antoinette, whom he hated.'

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  • Marie Antoinette says (ii.

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  • This princess, who was a great-granddaughter of the empress Maria Theresa, and a great-niece of Marie Antoinette, endeared herself to the people by her elevated character and indefatigable benevolence, while her beauty gained for her the sobriquet of "The Rose of Brabant"; she was also an accomplished artist and musician, and a fine horsewoman.

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  • Jackson noticed a woman dressed as Marie Antoinette, staring at him.

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  • bribe the guards to collect Marie Antoinette?

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  • The words were constantly altered and added to during the Terror and later; thus the well-known lines, "Madame Veto avait promis De faire egorger tout Paris On lui coupa la tete," &c., were added after the execution of Marie Antoinette.

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  • came to the throne in 1774 Chartres still found himself looked on coldly at court; Marie Antoinette hated him, and envied him for his wealth, wit and freedom from etiquette, and he was not slow to return her hatred with scorn.

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  • and his queen stood sponsors, Christine Antoinette Charlotte Desmares (1682-1753), was a fine actress in both tragedy and soubrette parts.

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  • He, however, protected the royal family against the violence of the mob and, on the 7th of August, even attempted to bring about a reconciliation, but his efforts were frustrated by Marie Antoinette.

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  • 1866); Marie Antoinette, Joseph II.

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  • and Leopold von Toskana, ihr Briefwechsel (2 vols., 1872); Briefe der Kaiserin Maria Theresa an ihre Kinder and Freunde (4 vols., 1881); Marie Antoinette: Correspondance secrete entre Marie-Therese et le comte de Mercy-Argenteau (3 vols., Paris, 1875), in collaboration with Auguste Geffroy; Graf Philipp Cobenzl and seine Memoiren (1885); Correspondance secrete du comte de Mercy-Argenteau avec l'empereur Joseph II.

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  • and Marie Antoinette, was born at Versailles on the 27th of March 1785, was christened the same day Louis Charles, and given the title of duke of Normandy.

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  • Barbey, A Friend of Marie Antoinette (Eng.

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  • Leloir, Mirabeau a Pontarlier (1886); Ferdinand Schwartz, Mirabeau and Marie Antoinette (Basel, 1891); and Alfred Mezieres, Vie de Mirabeau (1892).

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  • By the execution of the king and the removal of Marie Antoinette to the Conciergerie, Madame Elizabeth was deprived of her companions in the Temple prison, and on the 9th of May 1 794 she was herself transferred to the Conciergerie, and haled before the revolutionary tribunal.

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  • Feuillet de Conches must be used with caution (see the bibliographical note to the article Marie Antoinette).

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  • She was the eldest child of Claude of Guise and Antoinette of Bourbon, and married in 1534 Louis II.

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  • In the case of Marie Antoinette, who married the dauphin, afterwards Louis XVI., she gave an extraordinary proof of her readiness to subordinate everything to the reason `of state.

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  • His father's death in 1765 made him heir to the throne, and in 1770 he was married to Marie Antoinette, daughter of the empress Maria Theresa.

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  • Marie Antoinette then obtained that ascendancy over her husband which was partly responsible for the extravagance of the ministry of Calonne, and brought on the Revolution by the resulting financial embarrassment.'

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  • The declaration of war against the emperor Francis II., nephew of Marie Antoinette, was forced upon the king by those who wished to discredit him by failure, or to compel him to declare himself openly an enemy to the Revolution.

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  • At first he did not care for Marie Antoinette, but after he came under her influence, her thoughtless conduct compromised him, and it was largely she who encouraged him in underhand opposition to the Revolution while he pretended to accept it.

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  • The "orphan of the Temple," as the princess was called, was in prison for three years, ' The responsibility of Marie Antoinette for the policy of the king before and during the Revolution has been the subject of much controversy.

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  • (See Marie Antoinette.) [Ed.] during which time she remained ignorant of the fate which had befallen her parents.

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  • See the articles French Revolution and Marie Antoinette.

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  • Marie Antoinette warmly patronized him.

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  • of France, which involved the queen Marie Antoinette.

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  • The Parisian jewellers Boehmer and Bassenge had spent some years collecting stones for a necklace which they hoped to sell to Madame Du Barry, the favourite of Louis XV., and after his death to Marie Antoinette.

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  • After having vainly tried to place the necklace outside of France, the jewellers attempted again in 1781 to sell it to Marie Antoinette after the birth of the dauphin.

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  • At that time there was a personage at the court whom Marie Antoinette particularly detested.

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  • It was the cardinal Louis de Rohan, formerly ambassador at Vienna, whence he had been recalled in 1774, having incurred the queen's displeasure by revealing to the empress Maria Theresa the frivolous actions of her daughter, a disclosure which brought a maternal reprimand, and for having spoken lightly of Maria Theresa in a letter of which Marie Antoinette learned the contents.

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  • The comtesse de Lamotte assured the cardinal that she was making efforts on his behalf, and soon announced to him that he might send his justification to Marie Antoinette.

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  • Later a certain Marie Lejay (renamed by the comtesse "Baronne Gay d'Oliva," the last word being apparently an anagram of Valoi), who resembled Marie Antoinette, stated that she had been engaged to play the role of queen in this comedy.

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  • Enriched by these, the countess was able to take an honourable place in society, and many persons believed her relations with Marie Antoinette, of which she boasted openly and unreservedly, to be genuine.

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  • He said that he was authorized by the queen, and showed the jewellers the conditions of the bargain approved in the handwriting of Marie Antoinette.

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  • Madame de Lamotte had told the cardinal that Marie Antoinette would make him a sign to indicate her thanks, and Rohan believed that she did make him a sign.

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  • But it is certain that the cardinal, convinced that he was acting for the queen, had engaged the jewellers to thank her; that Boehmer and Bassenge, before the sale, in order to be doubly sure, had sent word to the queen of the negotiations in her name; that Marie Antoinette had allowed the bargain to be concluded, and that after she had received a letter of thanks from Boehmer, she had burned it.

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  • It is generally believed that Marie Antoinette was stainless in the matter, that Rohan was an innocent dupe, and that the Lamottes deceived both for their own ends.

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  • Various circumstances fortified this belief, which contributed to render Marie Antoinette very unpopular - her disappointment at Rohan's acquittal, the fact that he was deprived of his charges and exiled to the abbey of la Chaise-Dieu, and finally the escape of the comtesse de Lamotte from the Salpetriere, with the connivance, as people believed, o{ the court.

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  • Tourneux, Marie Antoinette devant lhistoire: Essai bibliographique (2nd ed., Paris, 1901); Emile Campardon, MarieAntoinette et le procks du collier (Paris, 1863); P. Audebert, L'A$aire du collier de la reine, d'apres la correspondance inedite du chevalier de Pujol (Rouen, 1901); F.

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  • d'Albini, Marie Antoinette and the Diamond Necklace from another Point of View (London, 1900); Funck-Brentano, L'Affaire du collier (1903); A.

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  • The queen, Marie Antoinette, was especially attracted by the grace and wit of le beau Fersen, who had inherited his full share of the striking handsomeness which was hereditary in the family.

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  • Linguet received the support of Marie Antoinette; his fame at the time surpassed that of his rival Beaumarchais, and almost excelled that of Voltaire.

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  • Among its most celebrated victims may be mentioned Marie Antoinette, the Hebertists, the Dantonists and several of the Girondists.

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  • MARIE ANTOINETTE (1755-1793), queen of France, ninth child of Maria Theresa and the emperor Francis I., was born at Vienna, on the 2nd of November 1755.

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  • Hence arose the famous secret correspondence of Mercy-Argenteau, an invaluable record of all the details of Marie Antoinette's life from her marriage in 1770 till the death of Maria Theresa in 1780.

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  • Marie Antoinette soon won the affection and confidence of the dauphin and endeared herself to the king, but her position was precarious, and both Mercy and Maria Theresa had continually to urge her to conquer her violent dislike for the favourite and try to conciliate her.

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  • But her first steps brought Marie Antoinette into open hostility with the anti-Austrian party.

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  • It was Madame de Polignac who obtained the appointment of Calonne as controller-general of the finances,' and who succeeded Madame de Guemenee as "governess of the children of France" after the bankruptcy of the prince de Guemenee in 1782.4 Again, in response to Mercy and Joseph II.'s urgent representations, Marie Antoinette exerted herself on behalf of Austria in the affairs of the opening of the Scheldt (1783-1784) and the exchange of Bavaria (1785), in which, though she failed to provoke active interference on the part of France, she succeeded in obtaining the payment of considerable indemnities to Austria, a fact which led to the popular legend of her having sent millions to Austria, and aroused much indignation against her.

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  • In1785-1786the affair of the Diamond Necklace 1 See Arneth, Marie Antoinette, Joseph II.

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  • the Instructions donnees a la marquise de Tourzel, governess of the children of France, dated the 24th of July, 1789, in la Rocheterie and Beaucourt, Lettres de Marie Antoinette, ii.

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  • The year 1789 was one of disaster for Marie Antoinette; on the 10th of March her brother Joseph II.

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  • Marie Antoinette's actions were now directed entirely by Fersen, for she suspected Mercy and the emperor of sacrificing her to the interests of Austria (Fersen, i.

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  • During all these events and the captivity in the Temple Marie Antoinette showed an unvarying courage and dignity, in spite of her failing health and the illness of her son.

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  • (2) Is Marie Antoinette of Austria, the widow Capet, convicted of having co-operated in these manoeuvres and maintained these communications ?

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  • (4) Is Marie Antoinette, the widow Capet, convicted of having participated in this plot and conspiracy ?

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  • The jury decided unanimously in the affirmative, and on the 16th of October 1793 Marie Antoinette was led to the guillotine, leaving behind her a touching letter to Madame Elizabeth, known as her "Testament."

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  • Belloc,Marie-Antoinette, pp. 311-312, states that clause of Brunswick's manifesto was "drafted" by Marie Antoinette, i.e.

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  • Tourneux, Marie Antoinette devant l'histoire.

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  • The most important material for her life is to be found in her letters and in the correspondence of Mercy-Argenteau, but a large number of forgeries have found their way into certain of the collections, such as those of Paul Vogt d'Hunolstein (Correspondance inedite de Marie Antoinette, (3rd ed., Paris, 1864), and F.

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  • Feuillet des Conches Louis X VI., Marie Antoinette et Madame Elisabeth, lettres et documents inedits (6 vols., Paris, 1864-1873), while most of the works on Marie Antoinette published before the appearance of Arneth's publications (1865, &c.) are based partly on these forgeries.

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  • For a detailed examination of the question of the authenticity of the letters see the introduction to Lettres de Marie Antoinette.

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  • von Arneth, Maria Theresia and Marie Antoinette, ihr Briefwechsel 1770-1780(Paris and Vienna, 1865); id., Marie Antoinette, Joseph II.

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  • et le prince de Kaunitz (2 vols., Paris, 1889-1891); for further letters see Comte de Reiset, Lettres de la reine Marie Antoinette a la landgrave Louise de Hesse-Darmstadt (1865); id.

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  • Lettres inedites de Marie Antoinette et de Marie-Clotilde, reine de Sardaigne (1877).

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  • Tourneux (op. cit.) discusses the authenticity of the memoirs of Tilly, Clery, Lauzun, &c. The chief of these memoirs are: Mme Campan, Memoires sur la vie privee de Marie Antoinette (5th ed., 2 vols., Paris, 1823, Eng.

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  • Weber, Memoires concernant Marie Antoinette (3 vols., London, 1804-1809; Eng.

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  • Antoinette (Paris, 1866); Mme Vigee-Le-Brun, Mes souvenirs (2 vols., Paris, 1867); Memoires de Mme la duchesse de Tourzel, ed.

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  • passim) contains a good estimate of Marie Antoinette.

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  • de Goncourt, Histoire de Marie Antoinette (Paris, 1859); P. de Nolhac, Marie Antoinette, dauphine (Paris, 1897); id.

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  • La Reine Marie Antoinette (8th ed., 1898), which gives good descriptions of Versailles, Trianon, &c.; M.

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  • de la Rocheterie, Histoire de Marie Antoinette (2 vols., Paris, 1890); A.

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  • Bicknell, The Story of Marie Antoinette; R.

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  • Prolss, Konigin Marie Antoinette, Bader aus ihrem Leben (Leipzig, 1894); G.

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  • Campardon, Marie Antoinette a la Conciergerie (1863).

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  • Belloc's Marie Antoinette (London, 1909) is very biassed and sometimes misleading.

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  • His demonstration that letters attributed to Marie Antoinette were not genuine roused much interest in France.

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  • He married Antoinette de Louppes (Lopez), descended from a family of Spanish Jews.

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  • On his return he was added to the Committee of Public Safety, which had decreed the arrest en masse of all suspects and the establishment of a revolutionary army, caused the extraordinary criminal tribunal to be named officially "Revolutionary Tribunal" (on the 29th of October 1793), demanded the execution of Marie Antoinette and then attacked Hebert and Danton.

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  • gave welcome to Marie Antoinette, that Napoleon I.

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  • and Queen Marie Antoinette; his governess was the famous Madame de Geniis, to whose influence he doubtless owed many of the qualities which later distinguished him: his wide, if superficial knowledge, his orderliness, and perhaps his parsimony.

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  • His father was Etienne Pascal, president of the Court of Aids at Clermont; his mother's name was Antoinette Begon.

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  • The fact that Leopold's sister, Marie Antoinette, was the wife of Louis XVI.

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  • ANTOINETTE BOURIGNON (1616-1680), Flemish mystic, was born at Lille on the 13th of January 1616.

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  • For a critical account see Hauck, Realencyklopadie (Leipzig, 1897), and Etude sur Antoinette Bourignon, by M.

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  • To the second volume he appended a critical study on Marie Antoinette et Louis XVI apocryphes, in which he proved, by evidence drawn from documents in the private archives of the emperor of Austria, that the letters published by Feuillet de Conches (Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette et Madame Elisabeth, 1864-1873) and Hunolstein (Corresp. inedite de Marie Antoinette, 1864) are forgeries.

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  • With the collaboration of Alfred von Arneth, director of the imperial archives at Vienna, he edited the Correspondance secrete entre Marie-Therese et le comte de Mercy-Argenteau (3 vols., 1874), the first account based on trustworthy documents of Marie Antoinette's character, private conduct and policy.

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  • Though in favour of national reform he continued to cherish a strong feeling of loyalty to the royal family, and on the trial of Marie Antoinette in 1793 bore testimony in her favour.

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  • It was Esterhazy who conveyed to Marie Antoinette the portrait of Louis XVI.

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  • Among her many sitters was Marie Antoinette, of whom she painted over twenty portraits between 1779 and 1789.

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  • The engine was an eight-cylinder Antoinette petrol motor, developing 49 horse-power at 1100 revolutions a minute, and driving directly a single metal screw propeller.

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  • Hubert Latham all but performed the same feat on an Antoinette monoplane.

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  • Marie Antoinette >>

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  • Her only excuse is that as a sister of Marie Antoinette the very name of Republican or Jacobin filled her with loathing.

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  • His stride is the stride of a giant, from the sentimental beauty of the picture of Marie Antoinette at Versailles, or the red horror of the tale of Debi Sing in Rungpore, to the learning, positiveness and cool judicial mastery of the Report on the Lords' Journals (1794), which Philip Francis, no mean judge, declared on the whole to be the "most eminent and extraordinary" of all his productions.

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  • He had been in France in 1773, where he had not only the famous vision of Marie Antoinette at Versailles, "glittering like the morning star, full of life, and splendour and joy," but had also supped and discussed with some of the destroyers, the encyclopaedists, "the sophisters, economists and calculators."

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  • The passage about Marie Antoinette, which has since become a stock piece in books of recitation, seemed to Francis a mere piece of foppery; for was she not a Messalina and a jade?

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  • S' p effort, he was spurred on by Marie Antoinette, who keenly felt her own degradation and the curtailment of that royal prerogative which her son would one day inherit.

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  • Louis and still more Marie Antoinette regarded them with incurable distrust.

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  • In Paris the slaughter of distinguished victims began with the trial of Marie Antoinette, who was guillotined on the 16th.

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  • From 1770 onwards lived side by side with this king, rather than at his side, the archduchess Marie Antoinette of Austria one of the very graceful and very frivolous women Ma,* who were to be found at Versailles, opening to life A~7,i,toa like the flowers she so much loved, enamoured of pleasure and luxury, delighting to free herself from the formalities of court life, and mingling in the amusements of society; lovable and loving, without ceasing to be virtuous.

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  • (See MARIE ANTOINETTE.)

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  • In j~~5 the English colonies in America rebelled, and Louis XVI., after giving them secret aid and encouragement almost from the first, finally in February ~ despite Marie Antoinette, formed an open alliance with them; while when Joseph II., after having partitioned Poland, wanted in addition to balance the loss of Silesia with that of Bavaria, Vergennes prevented him from doing so.

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  • Therefore, after he had aroused the complaints of the commercial world and the bourgeoisie, the court, headed by Marie Antoinette, profited by the general excitement to overthrow him.

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  • Joly de Fleury and DOrmesson, Neckers successors, pushed their narrow spirit of reaction and the temerity of their inexperience to the furthest limit; but the reaction which reinforced the privileged classes was not sufficient to fill the coffers of the treasury, and Marie Antoinette, who seemed gifted with a fatal perversity of instinct, confided the finances of the kingdom to Calonne, an upper-class official and a veritable Cagliostro of finance.

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  • The king, more ponderous and irresolute every day, vacillated MeetIng ol between Necker the liberal on one side and Marie Antoinette, whose feminine pride was opposed to any concessions, with the comte dArtois, a mischievous nobody who could neither choose a side nor stick to one, on the other.

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  • For a time Mirabeau influenced the counsels of the court through the comte de Montmorin; but the king neither trusted him nor could be brought to see his point of view, and Marie Antoinette, though she resigned herself to negotiating with him, was very far from sympathizing with his ideals.

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  • The battle of Brcourt was a defeat without a fight for their party without stamina and their general without troops (July 13); while on the 31st of October their leaders perished on the guillotine, where they had been preceded by the queen, Marie Antoinette.

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  • An ardent patriot and republican, her relations with Danton resembled those of Marie Antoinette with Mirabeau, in each case a woman spoilt by flattery, enraged at indifference.

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  • and Marie Antoinette guillotined, the migrs dispersed, denied or forsaken by all Europe.

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  • Yet his dismissal was not really due to his book, but to the influence of Marie Antoinette, whose schemes for benefiting the duc de Guines he had thwarted.

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  • Marietta, named in honour of Marie Antoinette, is the oldest settlement in the state and in the North-west Territory.

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  • His position at court was uncomfortable, for though ambitious and conscious of possessing greater abilities than his brother (Louis XVI.), his scope for action was restricted; he consequently devoted his energies largely to intrigue, especially against Marie Antoinette, whom he hated.'

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  • Marie Antoinette says (ii.

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  • This princess, who was a great-granddaughter of the empress Maria Theresa, and a great-niece of Marie Antoinette, endeared herself to the people by her elevated character and indefatigable benevolence, while her beauty gained for her the sobriquet of "The Rose of Brabant"; she was also an accomplished artist and musician, and a fine horsewoman.

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  • There are many legends about the origins of the breed ranging from them being the remnants of Marie Antoinette's pets to having a Norwegian Forest Cat ancestor.

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  • In 2006, Kirsten Dunst starred as the historic French queen in Marie Antoinette.

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  • Dresses like the "Josephine" can be used for any Jane Austen heroine, and the Madame du Pompadour can just as easily be Marie Antoinette or whomever you like.

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  • The dresses can be custom or you can select from categories like Marie Antoinette, Victorian, Steampunk and Medieval.

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  • With a lengthy history that includes Louis XIV, Marie Antoinette, and Louis XVI, Harry Winston ultimately acquired the magnificent stone and donated it to the Smithsonian in 1958.

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  • Always fascinating, the palace of Versailles was once home to Marie Antoinette and King Louis the XIV.

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  • Marie Antoinette: According to historical documents, Marie Antoinette's corsets were stiffer and more uncomfortable than those worn by other women of the time.

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  • The Tony Awards (short for The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellency in the Theatre) began in 1947.

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  • Brock Pemberton (1885-1950) is the founder of The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellency in the Theatre.

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  • The ceremony is named in honor of Antoinette Perry, who was a director and actress, most famously known for being a founder of the American Theatre Wing.

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  • The awards were named for Antoinette Perry not only for her achievements in American theatre, but because she had recently passed away.

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  • This track comes from the soundtrack to Marie Antoinette.

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  • The soundtrack to Marie Antoinette is as good as you would expect, with songs from New Order, The Cure, Radio Department, Bow Wow Wow, The Strokes, Adam Ant, and more.

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  • His demonstration that letters attributed to Marie Antoinette were not genuine roused much interest in France.

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