Andean Sentence Examples
The greater part of Patagonia is comparatively barren and has no arboreal growth, except in the well-watered valleys of the Andean foothills.
Not only has scientific study advanced at the university of Buenos Aires, but scientific research is promoting the development of the country; examples are the geographical explorations of the Andean frontier, and especially of the Patagonian Andes, by Francisco P. Moreno.
In the Andean provinces of Mendoza, San Juan, Catamarca and Rioja viticulture attracts much attention, and the area in vineyards in 1901 was 109,546 acres, only 18% of which was outside the four provinces named.
Taking, however, the Andean flora as typical, it contains a very marked endemic element; Ball finds that half the genera and four-fifths of the species are limited to it; on the other hand, that half the species of Gamopetalae belong to cosmopolitan genera such as Valeriana, Gentiana, Bartsia and Gnaphalium.
Compositae compose a quarter of the Andean flora, which is a greater proportion than in any in the world.Advertisement
These rivers have no tributaries of importance within the territory, but the Limay receives some small streams from the Andean slopes.
The largest of a group of beautiful lakes in the higher Andean valleys is the celebrated NahuelHuapi (Lion Grass), which is nearly 50 m.
The temperature of the Andean region is cold even in summer, but on the lower plains it is hot in summer, and only moderately cold in winter.
Its greatest tributary is the Cachapoal, in the valley of which, among the Andean foothills, are the popular thermal mineral baths of Cauquenes, 2306 ft.
The result was of importance, as it was known that Brazil was on friendly terms with Chile, and this interchange of courtesies had some effect in bringing about a settlement of the controversy between Chile and Argentina over the Andean frontier question without recourse to hostilities.Advertisement
The rocks of Falcon are believed by Sievers to belong to the Andean system; while the outlying peninsula of Paraguana probably belongs, geologically, to the same massif as Goajira and the Sierra Nevada de Santa Maria in Colombia.
Railway construction in Peru began in 1848 with a short line from Callao to Lima, but the building of railway lines across the desert to the inland towns of the fertile river valleys and the Andean foot-hills did not begin until twenty years later.
Coca (Erythroxylon coca) is a product peculiar to the eastern Andean slopes of Bolivia and Peru, where it has long been cultivated for its leaves.
The rearing of these animals requires much patience and skill, in which no one has been able to match the Indian breeders of the Andean plateaus.
Immediately following the Spanish invasion the Andean region was thoroughly explored, and with the assistance of Indian slaves thousands of mines were opened, many of them failures, some of them becoming famous.Advertisement
Practically the whole Andean region of Peru is mineral-bearinga region 1500 m.
The former, which rises in the Sierra de Merida, which overlooks the Lake of Maracaibo, has 16 large affluents; the latter has its sources near the Colombian city of Pamplona, and they are only separated from the basin of the river Magdalena by the "Oriental" Andean range.
The Meta is known as such from the union of two Andean streams,.
Though of great interest to scientific investigators because of this unceasing activity, and of its peculiar position in the Andean system, and because of the difficult and dangerous country by which it is surrounded, Sangay has been but rarely visited by European travellers.
Many of the rivers of eastern Ecuador are subject to similar floods from the Andean slopes, which have cut away broad, deep channels, through the adjacent plains, leaving long, narrow ridges between their courses which the natives call cuchillas.Advertisement
The northern part is fertile, as are the valleys of the Andean foothills, but arid conditions prevail throughout the central districts, and irrigation is necessary for the production of crops.
The vine is cultivated to some extent, and good pasturage is found on the Andean slopes.
The California vulture, the largest flying bird in North America and fully as large as the Andean condor, is not limited to California but is fairly common there.
The Frias is wholly a Chilean river, draining an extensive Andean region between the 44th and 45th parallels and discharging into the Puyuguapi channel, which separates Magdalena island from the mainland.
Lake Todos los Santos is situated well within the Andean foothills north-east of Puerto Montt and at an elevation of 509 ft., considerably above that of the other lakes, Lake Ranco being 230 ft.Advertisement
Towards the north the coastal zone disappears beneath the sea and the Andean zone reaches to the shore.
The high altitudes of the Andean region also introduce vertical zones of temperature, modified to some extent by the rainless plateaus of the north, and by the excessive rainfall of the south.
There are also some remnants of tribes in the province of Chiloe, which inhabit the island of that name, the Chonos and Guaytecas archipelagoes and the adjacent mainland, who have the reputation of being good boatmen and fishermen; and there are remnants of a people called Changos, on the desert coast, and traces of Calchaqui blood in the neighbouring Andean foothills.
Roughly calculated, two-fifths of the total area of Bolivia is comprised within the Andean cordilleras which cross its south-west corner and project east toward the Brazilian highlands in the form of a great obtuse angle.
The cordilleras, divided into two great parallel chains, with flanking ranges and spurs to the east, reach their greatest breadth at this point and form the massif of the Andean system.
West of the Cordillera Oriental, where special conditions prevail, a great desert plateau stretches entirely across one corner of the republic. Apart from the Andean system there is a group of low, broken, gneiss ranges stretching along the east side of Bolivia among the upper affluents of the Mamore and Guapore, which appear to belong to the older Brazilian orographic system, from which they have been separated by the erosive action of water.
A rare species of bear, the Ursus ornatus (spectacled bear) is found among the wooded Andean foothills.
Tobacco of a fair quality is produced in the warm regions of the east, including the yungas valleys of La Paz and Cochabamba; cacao of a superior grade is grown in the department of Beni, where large orchards were planted at the missions, and also in the warm Andean valleys of La Paz and Cochabamba; and coffee of the best flavour is grown in some of the warmer districts of the eastern Andes.
Cashmere, baize, waterproof ponchos of fine wool and silk, and many other fabrics are made by the Indians of the Andean departments.
On the Andean slopes the temperature is more agreeable.
It is situated on a lower terrace of the Andean slope in a highly fertile district, devoted to sugar-cane and stock-raising.
Sarmiento, the culminating point of the archipelago, was generally supposed to be volcanic, but it presents such extremely precipitous flanks that John Ball considered it more probably " a portion of the original rock skeleton that formed the axis of the Andean chain during the long ages that preceded the great volcanic outbursts that have covered the framework of the western side of South America."
The mountain chains which cover this part of Colombia are the northern terminal ranges of the great Andean system.
The great Andean barrier which crosses the republic from the south to north acts as a condenser to the prevailing easterly winds from the Atlantic, and causes a very heavy rainfall on their eastern slopes and over the forested Amazon plain.
The condor, which inhabits the higher Cordilleras, is peculiar to the whole Andean region, and is the largest of the Raptores.
A noteworthy palm of the eastern Andean slopes is the "corneto" (Deckeria), whose tall, slender trunk starts from the apex of a number of aerial roots, rising like a cone 6 to 8 ft.
Later, the missionaries of Cuenca and Quito established many missions in the Pais de los Maynas, and made extensive use of the Pongo de Manseriche as an avenue of communication with their several convents on the Andean plateau.
From the west it receives a secondary tributary, the Curaray, from the Andean slopes, between Cotopaxi and the volcano of Tunguragua.
Thence to the Huallaga the elevation of the land is somewhat greater; but not until this river is passed, and the Pongo de Manseriche approached, does the swelling ground of the Andean foot-hills raise the country above flood-level.
The " exceedingly irregularly rounded, low-pointed mountains and hills covered by dense forests " (Hill) are Antillean, not Andean, and lie at right angles to the axes of the systems of North and South America.
On the eastern boundary of the republic is the Serrania del Darien, an Andean range, partly in Colombia.
The Andean range is composed of two great principal chains with a deep intermediate depression, in which, and at the sides of the great chains, arise other chains of minor importance, the chief of which is that called the Cordillera de la Costa of Chile.
North of Valle Hermoso the Andean ridges, while very high, are not abrupt, and the passes are more numerous than in the south; some of them descending 10,000 ft., but most of them between 13,000 and 14,000 ft.
The western, which reaches an altitude of about io,000 ft., then ceases to exist as a continuous chain, there remaining only a short, high ridge, called by Edward Whymper the " Pacific range of the equator," and between this ridge and the crystalline Andean axis, the " avenue of volcanoes," to use his words, arises amidst majestic scenery.
It is found in the Andean regions of Chile and Peru and is also indigenous to parts of Morocco.
Our next destination was the Cachi Road, a superb area of Yungas and Andean altiplano.
Puna Ibises and Andean Gulls are often present in large numbers and with luck we'll see Andean avocet as well.
Chilean and Andean Flamingos strut through the shallow waters, often keeping company with the equally elegant Andean avocet.
This region boasts 320 bird species plus about 45 mammal species including the rare Spectacled Bear, and Andean coati.
There is a good chance of seeing the Andean condor, the world's largest flying bird.
We'll keep a constant eye on the distant peaks for soaring Andean condors that are regularly seen here.
The first bird to appear was a fine immature Andean condor which soared over the local peak.
As we emerged from the museum two magnificent Andean condors circled overhead.
The Colca Canyon offers one of the best opportunities to see the huge Andean condor, and the scenery is breathtaking.
We may even see our first Andean condors of the tour today.
The Andean flamingo is most threatened and is considered vulnerable by the IUCN (World Conservation Union ).
There are excellent chances to spot guanacos, rheas, Andean condors, Chilean flamingos and many other birds and animals.
In the afternoon we will explore the extensive Nothofagus forest in the Andean foothills.
The backbone of the country is the Andean highlands, made up of two mountainous chains and over 30 volcanoes.
Puna ibises and Andean Gulls are often present in large numbers and with luck we'll see Andean Avocet as well.
Other species seen whilst searching include Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Andean Parakeet, Red-crested Cotinga and perhaps most surprisingly, Rusty-fronted Canastero.
A stop to check some soaring raptors reveals a group of six Andean Condors soaring high above the steep mountainside.
Listen to the haunting and beautifully played panpipes and flutes from this Andean country.
In addition, the mining in the Andean Forests puts unique species, such as the mountain tapir, at risk.
Here we will see a variety of high Andean waterfowl including Puna, Teal & Andean Duck.
Machu Picchu is a remarkably well-preserved abandoned Inca city set high up in the Andean mountains.
Very close in size is the Andean condor, with a 10 foot wingspan.
The lakes of Argentina are exceptionally numerous, although comparatively few are large enough to merit a name on the ordinary general map. They vary from shallow, saline lagoons in the north-western plateaus, to great, picturesque, snow-fed lakes in the Andean foothills of Patagonia.
A considerable part of the sugarcane produced is likewise devoted to the manufacture of chicha (rum), the consumption of which is common among the Indians and half-breeds of the Andean regions.
Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens Common in the puna zone and recorded in small numbers on nine dates.
Juan the Andean spectacled bear first paddled across a moat using a log for a raft, then scaled a wall.
Nature does not often provide windless days in the tropical Andean valleys.
These minor ranges, excepting the Zenta, are separated from the Andean masses by comparatively low depressions and are usually described as distinct ranges; topographically, however, they seem to form a continuation of the ranges running southward from the Santa Victoria and forming the eastern rampart of the great central plateau of which the Puna de Atacama covers a large part.
Some of the principal affluents are the Vinchina and Jachal, or Zanjon, which flow into the Vermejo, the Patos, which flows into the San Juan, and the Mendoza, Tunuyan and Diamante which flow into the Desaguadero, all of these being Andean snow-fed rivers.
In the extreme north-west an elevated region, whose aridity is caused by the " blanketing " influence of the eastern Andean ranges, extends.
Below this region, where the Andean barrier is low and broken, the moist westerly winds sweep over the land freely and give it a large rainfall, good pastures and a vigorous forest growth.
In the Andean region, a dry, hot wind from the north or north-west, called the Zonda, blows with great intensity, especially in September - October, and causes much discomfort and suffering.
The Napo and its tributaries are celebrated in the early history of South America as the route by which Gonzalo Pizarro and Oreliana first reached the Amazon, and it was afterwards the principal route by which the early expeditions across the continent at this point connected the Andean Plateau with the Amazon.