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anatomy

anatomy

anatomy Sentence Examples

  • These look like something a college anatomy class used—last week.

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  • But his expectations from the study of anatomy and physiology went a long way.

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  • History and Bibliography.The study of plant anatomy was begun in the middle of the seventeenth century as a direct result of the construction of microscopes, with which a clear view of the structure of plant tissues could be obtained.

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  • recent years, of Zeiller in France, and Scott, Seward and others in England, has advanced our knowledge of the anatomy of ~fossil plants in an important degree.

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  • long before, and by many writers on the anatomy of Yarnell birds.

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  • Filicales and Gymnosperms, and known as the Cycadofihices, a group in which, curiously enough, the reproductive organs remained undiscovered for some time after the anatomy of the vegetative organs was sufficiently well known to afford clear evidence of their true affinities.

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  • Secondly, the histology of fossil plants, particularly woody plants of the carboniferous period, has been placed on a sound basis, assimilated with general histological doctrine, and has considerably enlarged our conceptions of plant anatomy as a whole, though again.

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  • No indications beyond those furnished by comparative anatomy help us to unravel the phylogeny of the Collembola.

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  • trans., Systematic Anatomy of Dicotyledons, Oxford, 1908), brings together so many of the facts as are at present known in an orderly arrangement.

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  • (London, 1835); " On the Anatomy of the Southern Apteryx," Trans.

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  • From Mohl down to the eighth decade of the century the study of anatomy was entirely in the hands of a group of German.

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  • But these and many other contributions, 4 made until nearly the close of the 18th century, though highly meritorious, were unconnected as a whole, and it is plain that no conception of what it was in the power, of Comparative Anatomy to set forth had occurred to the most diligent dissectors.

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  • Theoretically this branch of the subject should connect with and form the completion of morphological anatomy, but the field, has not yet been sufficiently explored to allow of the necessary synthesis.

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  • Matthew was so fascinated with his anatomy class in high school that he decided to study kinesics in college.

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  • Fuller knowledge has shown that Macgillivray was ill-advised in laying stress on the systematic value of adaptive characters, but his contributions to anatomy were valuable, and later investigators, in particular H.

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  • In 1720 Valentini published, at Frankfort-on-the-Main, his Amphitheatrum Zootomicum, in which again most of the existing accounts of the anatomy of birds were reprinted.

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  • Anatomy Of Birds I.

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  • Th internal anatomy of the Hydromedusae shows numerous variations.

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  • (the beautiful version of the story of the nightingale's death) is translated from Strada; while the scheme of the tedious interlude exhibiting the various forms of madness is avowedly taken, together with sundry comments, from Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.

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  • Haswell, " Notes on the Anatomy of Birds," Proc. Linn.

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  • Borelli (1608-1679) as its most notable name, entered in a way on the mechanical study of anatomy suggested by Descartes, but was probably much more dependent upon the positive researches of Galileo.

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  • A very considerable body of knowledge relating to this subject already exists, but further work on experimental lines is urgently required to enable us to understand the actual economy of plants growing under different conditions of life and the true relation of the hereditary anatomical characters which form the subject matter of systematic anatomy to those which vary according to the conditions in which the individual plant is placed.

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  • The conception of evolution is being applied more rigidly to the comparative anatomy of organs and systems of organs.

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  • The inspection of the liver for purposes of divination led to the study of the anatomy of the liver, and there are indeed good reasons for believing that hepatoscopy represents the startingpoint for the study of animal anatomy in general.

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  • These attempts, however, to perpetuate the usage were finally discredited by Huxley's important Lectures on Comparative Anatomy (1864), in which the term was finally abolished, and the "radiate mob" finally distributed among the Echinodermata, Polyzoa, Vermes (Platyhelminthes), Coelenterata and Protozoa.

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  • In recent years classifications in part agreeing with the older schemes but largely original, in accord with researches on the comparative anatomy of the insects, have been put forward.

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  • In zoology, the mollusca are divided into cephalous and acephalous (Acephala), according as they have or have not an organized part of their anatomy as the seat of the brain and special senses.

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  • This very remarkable treatise forms the groundwork of almost all later or recent researches in the comparative anatomy and consequent arrangement of the Passeres, and, though it is certainly not free from inperfections, many of them, it must be said, arise from want of material, notwithstanding that its author had command of a much more abundant supply than was at the disposal of Nitzsch.

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  • That chapter of comparative anatomy (together with other anatomical details, for which see the separate articles) is now dealt with in the article Skull; here only the most avine features are alluded to, and since some of Parker's original illustrations have been retained, the description has been shortened considerably.

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  • The term Anatomy, originally employed in biological science to denote a description of the facts of structure revealed on cutting up an organism, whether with or without the aid of lenses for the purposes of magnification, is restricted in the present article, in accordance with a common modern use, to those facts of internal structure not concerned with the constitution of the individual cell, the structural unit of which the plant is composed.

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  • But in addition to bringing forward a fundamental and philosophical view of morbid processes, which probably contributed more than any other single cause to vindicate for pathology the place which he claimed for it among the biological sciences, Virchow made many important contributions to histology and morbid anatomy and to the study of particular diseases.

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  • Cuvier's term in its wide extension, however, passed into general use; but, as the anatomy of the different forms became more fully known, the difficulty of including them under the common designation made itself increasingly obvious.

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  • Martin described the visceral and osteological anatomy of one which had been received alive the preceding year.

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  • About the same time, having shown too open sympathy with the revolutionary or reforming tendencies of 1848, he was for; olitical reasons obliged to leave Berlin and retire to the seclusion of Wiirzburg, the medical school of which profited enormously by his labours as professor of pathological anatomy, and secured a wide extension of its reputation.

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  • This was not only in itself an important contribution to plant anatomy, but served as the starting-point of a series of researches by Van Tieghem and his pupils, which has considerably advanced our knowledge of the details of histology, and also culminated in the foundation of the doctrine of the stele (Van Tieghem and Douliot, Sur la polystlie, Ann.

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  • p. 187, note), the skeleton of a fowl to which was attached the head of a hornbill was for a long time exhibited in the Museum of Comparative Anatomy at Paris !

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  • It held its meetings at first in the church of the monastery of the Cordeliers, - the name given in France to the Franciscan Observantists, - now the Dupuytren museum of anatomy in connexion with the school of medicine.

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  • Parker, " Observations on the Anatomy and Development of Apteryx," Phil.

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  • Watson, " Report on the Anatomy of the Spheniscidae," Challenger Reports, 1883.

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  • See James Sully, Pessimism: A History and a Criticism (1877); Caro, Le Pessimisme au xix e siecle (1878); Saltus, The Anatomy of Negation (1886); Tulloch, Modern Theories on Philosophy and Religion (1884); William James, The Will to Believe; Duhring, Der Werth des Lebens (1865); Meyer, Weltelend and Weltschmerz (1872); E.

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  • Comparative anatomy and embryology prove that this condition is due, not as formerly supposed to a difference in the relations of the visceral commissure which prevented it from being included in the torsion of the visceral hump, but to an actual detorsion which has taken place in evolution and is repeated to a great extent in individual development.

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  • Belon, as has just been said, had a knowledge of the anatomy 1 This was reprinted at Cambridge in 1823 by Dr George Thackeray.

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  • But, though apparently without such a knowledge of the anatomy of birds as would enable him to apply it to the formation of that natural system which he was fully aware had yet to be sought, he seems to have been an excellent judge of the characters afforded by the bill and limbs, and the use he made of them, coupled with the extraordinary reputation he acquired on other grounds, procured for his system the adhesion for many years of the majority of ornithologists.'

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  • Lowne, The Anatomy, Physiology, Morphology and Development of the Blow fly (2 vols., London, 1890-1895); G.

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  • ANATOMY OF PLANTS

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  • In this article (A) the general anatomy of birds is discussed, (B) fossil birds, (c) the geographical distribution.

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  • The canine nervous system is a quite complex part of the canine anatomy.

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  • They offer many of the most popular brands, such as Red Kap and Cherokee, and even have the Grey's Anatomy line of professional wear.

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  • A form of apocentricity extremely common and often perplexing may be termed pseudocentric; in such a condition there is an apparent simplicity that tive anatomy.

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  • This has had a most important effect on the development in recent years of morphological anatomy.

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  • The pursuit of this study has not only thrown valuable light on the economy of the plant as a whole, but forms an indispensable condition of the advance of morphological anatomy.

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  • In perennials the stem shows a regular increase in thickness each year by the addition of a new ring of wood outside the old one - for details of structure see Plants: Anatomy.

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  • The new doctrine, loudly proclaiming the discovery of a " Natural" System, led away many from the steady practice which should have followed the teaching of Cuvier (though he in ornithology had not been able to act up to the principles he had lain down) and from the extended study of Comparative Anatomy.

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  • It is not only a key to much of his later work - to nearly all indeed that was published in his lifetime - but in it are founded several definite groups (for example, Passerinae and Picariae) that subsequent experience has shown to be more or less natural; and it further serves as additional evidence of the breadth of his views, and his trust in the teachings of anatomy.

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  • Hitherto our attention has been given wholly to Germany and France, for the chief ornithologists of Britain were occupying themselves at this time in a very useless way - not paying due heed at this time to the internal structure of birds, and some excellent descriptive memoirs on special forms had appeared from their pens, to say nothing of more than one general treatise on ornithic anatomy.

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  • Blanchard published some Recherches sur les caracteres osteo- logiques des oiseaux appliquees a la classification naturelle de ces animaux, strongly urging the superiority of such characters over those drawn from the bill or feet, which, he remarks, though they may have sometimes given correct notions, have mostly led to mistakes, and, if observations of habits and food have sometimes afforded happy results, they have often been deceptive; so that, should more be wanted than to draw up a mere inventory of creation or trace the distinctive outline of each species, zoology without anatomy would remain a barren study.

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  • From what has before been said of his works it may be gathered that, while professedly basing his systematic arrangement of the groups of birds on their external features, he had hitherto striven to make his schemes harmonize if possible with the dictates of internal structure as evinced by the science of anatomy, though he uniformly and persistently protested against the inside being better than the outside.

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  • Later systems of classification owe much to anatomy, and the pioneers in the modern advances in this respect were A.

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  • on muscular anatomy, making the two major divisions of Aves (his Homalogonatae and Anomalogonatae, depend in the first instance on the presence or absence of a peculiar muscular slip in the leg, known as the ambiens, although indeed he expressly stated that this was not on account of the intrinsic importance of the muscle in question, but because of its invariable association with other peculiarities.

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  • On the and of February 1825 the presbytery of Brechin licensed him as a preacher in connexion with the Church of Scotland, and in 1826 he was in Paris studying natural philosophy, chemistry, and comparative anatomy.

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  • The anatomy of the eye is next described; this is done well and evidently at first hand, though the functions of the parts are not given with complete accuracy.

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  • The foundations of modern entomology were laid by a series of wonderful memoirs on anatomy and development published in the 17th and 18th centuries.

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  • The muscular layers by which the body-wall is constituted have been very differently and to some extent confusingly described by the successive authors on Nemertean anatomy.

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  • At Abuzabel, near Cairo, he founded a hospital and schools for all branches of medical instruction, as well as for the study of the French language; and, notwithstanding the most serious religious difficulties, instituted the study of anatomy by means of dissection.

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  • Their anatomy has not been studied, as yet, by means of freshly-killed material, and is imperfectly known, though the presence of the coxal FIG.

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  • Riester and Sanson in an appendix to the sixth volume of the French translation of Meckel's Anatomy, 1829); 2.

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  • Owen, Richard, " Anatomy of the King-Crab," Trans.

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  • Anatomy was taught here in the 14th century.

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  • Sir Richard Owen, in his work on The Anatomy of Vertebrates, followed Latreille in dividing the Vertebrata into Haematotherma and Haematocrya, and adopted Leuckart's term of Dipnoa for the Amphibia.

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  • The principal contributors to the " Transactions " of this section of the academy were--for anatomy and physiology, Coloman Balogh, Eugene Jendrassik, Joseph Lenhossek and Lewis Thanhoffer; for zoology, John Frivaldszky, John Kriesch and Theodore Margo; for botany, Frederick Hazslinszky, Lewis Juranyi and Julius Klein; for mineralogy and geology, Joseph Szabo, Max Hantken, Joseph Krenner, Anthony Koch and Charles Hoffman; for physics, Baron Lorando Eotviis, Coloman Szily and Joseph Sztoczek; for chemistry, Charles Than and Vincent Wartha; for meteorology, Guido Schenzl.

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  • Indeed, the historical and present importance of this aspect or branch of zoological science is so great that the name " zoology " has until recently been associated entirely with it, to the exclusion of the study of minute anatomical structure and function which have been distinguished as anatomy and physiology.

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  • Anatomy and the study of animal mechanism, animal physics and animal chemistry, all of which form part of a true zoology, were excluded from the usual definition of the word by the mere accident that the zoologist had his museum but not his garden of living specimens as the botanist had; 1 and, whilst the zoologist was thus deprived of the means of anatomical and physiological study - only later supplied by the method of preserving animal bodies in alcohol - the demands of medicine for a knowledge of the structure of the human animal brought into existence a separate and special study of human anatomy and physiology.

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  • From these special studies of human structure the knowledge of the anatomy of animals has proceeded, the same investigator who had made himself acquainted with the structure of the human body desiring to compare with the standard given by human anatomy the structures of other animals.

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  • Thus comparative anatomy came into existence as a branch of inquiry apart from zoology, and it was only in the latter part of the 19th century that the limitation of the word " zoology " to a knowledge of animals which expressly excludes the consideration of their internal structure was rejected by the general consent of those concerned in the progress of science.

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  • It is now generally recognized that it is mere tautology to speak of zoology and comparative anatomy, and that museum naturalists must give attention as well to the inside as to the outside of animals.

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  • Scientific zoology really started in the 16th century with the awakening of the new spirit of observation and exploration, but for a long time ran a separate course uninfluenced by the progress of the medical studies of anatomy and physiology.

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  • Under the influence of the touchstone of strict inquiry set on foot by the Royal Society, the marvels of witchcraft, sympathetic powders and other relics of medieval superstition disappeared like a mist before the sun, whilst accurate observations and demonstrations of a host of new wonders accumulated, amongst which were numerous contributions to the anatomy of animals, and none perhaps more noteworthy than the observations, made by the aid of microscopes constructed by himself, of Leeuwenhoek, the Dutch naturalist (1683), some of whose instruments were presented by him to the society.

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  • The subject-matter of this new science, or branch of biological science, had been neglected: it did not form part of the studies of the collector and systematist, nor was it a branch of anatomy, nor of the physiology pursued by medical men, nor again was it included in the field of microscopy and the celltheory.

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  • The pursuit of the learned physician, - anatomy and physiology: exemplified by Harvey, Haller, Hunter, Johann Miller.

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  • Thus Bionomics is treated in such articles as Evolution, Heredity, Variation, Mendelism, Reproduction, Sex, &C.; Zoo-dynamics under Medicine, Surgery, Physiology, Anatomy, Embryology, and allied articles; Plasmology under Cytology, Protoplasm, &C.; and Philosophical Zoology under numerous headings, Evolution, Biology, &C. See also Zoological Distribution, Palaeontology, Ocranography, Microtomy, &C.

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  • Apart from his special discoveries in the anatomy of plants and animals, and his descriptions of new species, the great merit of Linnaeus was his introduction of a method of enumeration and classification which may be said to have created systematic zoology and botany in their present form, and establishes his name for ever as the great organizer, the man who recognized a great practical want in the use of language and supplied it.

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  • Cuvier may be regarded as the zoologist by whom anatomy was made the one important guide to the understanding of the relations of animals.

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  • His true greatness can only be estimated by a consideration of the fact that he was a great teacher not only of human and comparative anatomy and zoology but also of physiology, and that nearly all the most distinguished German zoologists and physiologists of the period 1850 to 1870 were his pupils and acknowledged his leadership. The most striking feature about Johann Miller's work, apart from the comprehensiveness of his point of view, in which he added to the anatomical and morphological ideas of Cuvier a consideration of physiology, embryology and microscopic structure, was the extraordinary accuracy, facility and completeness of his recorded observations.

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  • His most important memoirs, besides that just mentioned, are those on the anatomy and classification of Fishes, on the Caecilians and on the developmental history of the Echinoderms.

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  • Kolliker (Development of Cephalopods, 1844), Remak (Development of the Frog, 1850), and others had laid the foundations of this knowledge in isolated examples; but it was Kovalevsky, by his accounts of the development of Ascidians and of Amphioxus (1866), who really made zoologists see that a strict and complete cellular embryology of animals was as necessary and feasible a factor in the comprehension of their relationships as at the beginning of the century the coarse anatomy had been shown to be by Cuvier.

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  • From 1874 to 1890 he was professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at University College, London; and from 1891 to 1898 Linacre professor of comparative anatomy at Oxford.

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  • Morbid anatomy.

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  • Mere enlargement of an organ does not imply that it is in a state of hypertrophy, for some of the largest organs met with in morbid anatomy are in a condition of extreme atrophy.

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  • 375; Wilson, The Cell in Development and Inheritance (London, 1896); Ziegler, " Entztindung," in Eulenburg's Real Encyclopeidie, also Text-Book of Special Pathological Anatomy (Eng.

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  • The structure and functions of the body form the subject of Anatomy (q.v.) and Physiology.

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  • In anatomy and physiology little advance had been made, and so of pathology in the sense of an explanation of morbid processes or knowledge of diseased structures there could be very little.

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  • Diagnosis, or recognition of the disease, must have been necessarily imperfect, when no scientific nosology or system of disease existed, and the knowledge of anatomy was quite inadequate to allow of a precise determination of the seat of disease; but symptoms were no doubt observed and interpreted skilfully.

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  • Though none of Aristotle's writings are strictly medical, he has by his researches in anatomy and physiology contributed greatly to the progress of medicine.

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  • In one department the Alexandrian school rapidly surpassed its Greek original - namely, in the study of anatomy.

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  • He was especially noted for his profound researches in anatomy (see i.

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  • Little is known of his life, .except that he spent some time at the court of Seleucus Nicator at Antioch before coming to Alexandria, and that he cultivated anatomy late in life, after he had taken up his abode in the latter city.

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  • The school of Erasistratus was less distinguished in anatomy than that of Herophilus, but paid more attention to the special symptoms of diseases, and employed a great variety of drugs.

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  • The most striking peculiarity of the empirics was that they rejected anatomy, regarding it as useless to inquire into the causes of things, and thus, as they contended, being the more minute in their observation of the actual phenomena of disease.

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  • The greatest service rendered to medicine was undoubtedly the systematic study of anatomy.

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  • The methodists agreed with the empirics in one point, in their contempt for anatomy; but, strictly speaking, they were dogmatists, though with a dogma different from that of the Hippocratic school.

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  • Anatomy was as little regarded as it was in the later ancient schools, the empiric and methodic, but demonstrations of the parts of the body were given on swine.

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  • In anatomy also the beginning of a new epoch was made by Mondino de Liucci or Mundinus (1275-1326), and his followers.

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  • Inspections of the dead, to ascertain the nature of the disease, were made, though not without difficulty, and thus the modern period of the science of morbid anatomy was ushered in.

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  • For the history of the discovery, and its consequences in anatomy and physiology, we must refer to the article Harvey.

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  • Of his knowledge of anatomy nothing definite can be said, as he seldom refers to it.

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  • His object was to make all the anatomical and physiological acquisitions of his age, even microscopical anatomy, which he diligently studied, available for use in the practice of medicine.

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  • These are physiology in the modern sense, as dating from Haller, and pathological anatomy, as dating from Morgagni.

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  • He advanced chemistry, botany, anatomy, as well as physiology, and was incessantly occupied in endeavouring to apply his scientific studies to practical medicine, thus continuing the work of his great teacher Boerhaave.

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  • Unfortunately the lesson which his contemporaries learnt was not the importance of experiment, but only the need of contriving ether" systems "less open to objection; and thus the influence of Haller led directly to the theoretical subtleties of William Cullen and John Brown, and only indirectly and later on to the general anatomy of M.

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  • Morbid anatomy now became a recognized branch of medical research, and the movement was started which has lasted till our own day.

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  • The latter had, in neglecting anatomy, neglected the most solid basis for studying the natural history of disease; though perhaps it was less from choice than because his practice, as he was not attached to a hospital, gave him no opportunities.

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  • In England the first important name in this field is at the same time that of the first writer of a systematic work in any language on morbid anatomy, Matthew Baillie (1761-1823), a nephew of John and William Hunter, who published his treatise in 1795.

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  • While thus rejecting all the lessons of morbid anatomy and pathology, he put forward views respecting the causes of disease which hardly bear to be seriously stated.

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  • The reform of medicine in France must be dated from the great intellectual awakening caused by the Revolution, but more definitely starts with the researches in anatomy and physiology of Marie Francois Xavier Bichat (1771-1802).

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  • This increase of knowledge is therefore due, not to auscultation alone, but to auscultation combined with morbid anatomy.

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  • In the case of Laennec himself this qualification takes nothing from his fame, for he studied so minutely the relations of post-mortem appearances to symptoms during life that, had he not discovered auscultation, his researches in morbid anatomy would have made him famous.

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  • William Hunter (1718-1783) was known in London as a brilliant teacher of anatomy and successful obstetric physician; his younger brother and pupil, John Hunter (1728-1793), was also a teacher of anatomy, and practised as a surgeon.

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  • His immense contributions to anatomy and pathology cannot be estimated here, but his services in stimulating research and training investigators belong to the history of general medicine.

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  • The same scientific bent is seen in the greater attention paid to morbid anatomy (which dates from Baillie) and the more scientific method of studying diseases.

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  • James Hope (1801-1841) and Peter Mere Latham (1789-1875) further developed this subject, and the former was also known for his researches in morbid anatomy.

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  • Joseph Skoda (1805-1881) extended, and in some respects corrected, the art of auscultation as left by Laennec. Karl Rokitansky (1804-1878), by his colossal labours, placed the science of morbid anatomy on a permanent basis, and enriched it by numerous discoveries of detail.

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  • It was the concepts derived from the experimental methods of Harvey, Lavoisier, Liebig, Claude Bernard, Helmholtz, Darwin, Pasteur, Lister and others which, directly or indirectly, trained the eyes of clinicians to observe more closely and accurately; and not of clinicians only, but also of pathologists, such as Matthew Baillie, Cruveilhier, Rokitansky, Bright, Virchowto name but a few of those who, with (as must be admitted) new facilities for necropsies, began to pile upon us discoveries in morbid anatomy and histology.

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  • The great Morgagni, the founder of morbid anatomy, himself set the example of carrying on this study parallel with clinical observation; and always insisted that the clinical story of the case should be brought side by side with the revelations of the necropsy.

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  • and museum of morbid anatomy, and was fusing these gains in the laboratory so as to claim for itself, as a special branch of science by virtue of peculiar concepts, its due place and provision - provision in the establishment of chairs and of special laboratories for its chemical and biological subdivisions - clinical medicine, by the formal provision of disciplinary classes, was illustrating the truth of the experience that teaching and research must go hand-in-hand, the one reinforcing the other: that no teacher can be efficient unless he be engaged in research also; nay, that for the most part even the investigator needs the encouragement of disciples.

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  • It is in this department, from its abstruseness and complexity, that we should expect the advance of anatomy and physiology - normal and morbid - to be most delayed.

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  • 1844) and others to reveal the minute anatomy of the nervous centres; while the discrimination of tissues and morbid products by stains, as in the silver and osmic acid methods, and in those known by the names of Carl Weigert or Marchi, had scarcely begun.

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  • After graduating at Strassburg University he spent a year in the counting-house of his father, a banker and merchant, and then in 1851 went to live in Paris with his maternal grandfather, Georges Louis Duvernoy (1777-1855), professor of natural history and, from 1850, of comparative anatomy, at the College de France.

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  • Stubbs denounced suburban gardens and garden houses in his Anatomy of Abuses, and another writer observed " how happy were cities if they had no suburbs."

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  • In anatomy the word is applied to nervous structures which resemble loops.

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  • He shows no inconsiderable knowledge of anatomy in his remarkable description of inflammation and abscess of the mediastinum in his own person, and its diagnosis from common pleuritis as well as from abscess and dropsy of the pericardium.

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  • - Anatomy of Taenia (from Leuckart).

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  • The anatomy of the Cestoda differs in only two or three important features from that of Trematodes.

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  • in medicine at Montpellier in 1703, and in 1710 he was appointed to the chair of anatomy at Toulouse, which he retained till 1717, when he became professor of medicine at Montpellier.

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  • The anatomy of Distomum hepaticum is fully described in many accessible memoirs [Sommer (io), Marshall and Hurst, Braun (3)].

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  • Sommer, "Anatomy of Liver-fluke," Zeit.

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  • In 1756 he succeeded Cullen as lecturer in chemistry at Glasgow, and was also appointed professor of anatomy, though that post he was glad to exchange for the chair of medicine.

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  • For the anatomy of the tsetse see E.

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  • One of his most intimate friends was William Stukeley (1687-1765) with whom he studied anatomy, chemistry, &c. In1708-1709Hales was presented to the perpetual curacy of Teddington in Middlesex, where he remained all his life, notwithstanding that he was subsequently appointed rector of Porlock in Somerset, and later of Faringdon in Hampshire.

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  • There he studied under Bezzuoli and Segnolini at the Accademia delle Belle Arti, and attended anatomy classes under Zanetti; but he soon returned to complete his general education at Frankfort, receiving no further direct instruction in art for five years.

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  • More detail concerning skull, scales and teeth will be found in the diagnostic descriptions of the various families (vide infra); for further anatomical information the reader is referred to the article Reptiles (Anatomy).

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  • His knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathology was necessarily defective, the respect in which the dead body was held by the Greeks precluding him from practising dissection; thus we find him writing of the tissues without distinguishing between the various textures of the body, confusing arteries, veins and nerves, and speaking vaguely of the muscles as " flesh."

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  • His early studies were directed chiefly to morbid anatomy.

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  • PAUL GERVAIS (1816-1879), French palaeontologist, was born on the 26th of September 1816 at Paris, where he obtained the diplomas of doctor of science and of medicine, and in 1835 he began palaeontological research as assistant in the laboratory of comparative anatomy at the Museum of Natural History.

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  • In 1841 he obtained the chair of zoology and comparative anatomy at the Faculty of Sciences in Montpellier, of which he was in 1856 appointed dean.

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  • P. Gratiolet; this post he left in 1868 for the chair of comparative anatomy at the Paris museum of natural history, the anatomical collections of which were greatly enriched by his exertions.

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  • In consequence of the state of his health, however, he returned to Basel in 1733, where he was appointed professor of anatomy and botany, and afterwards of experimental and speculative philosophy.

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  • For internal anatomy, specially the digestive organs, see L.

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  • Of his sons, Thomas (1616-1680) was born at Copenhagen, where, after a long course of study in various universities of Europe, he was appointed successively professor of mathematics (1647) and anatomy (1648).

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  • Though his researches were not conducted on any definite scientific plan, his powers of careful observation enabled him to make many interesting discoveries in the minute anatomy of man, the higher animals and insects.

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  • The student will find differences among anthropologists in the interpretation of these marks - some averring that comparative anatomy is worthless as a means of subdividing the American subspecies, others that biological variations point to different Old World origins, a third class believing these structural variations to be of the soil.

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  • Society was organized in most cases on animal clans, and religion was largely zoomorphic. The hunting tribes knew well the nature and habits of animals, their anatomy, their migrations, and could interpret their voices.

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  • At St Bartholomew's, St George's, the London Hospital, St Thomas's and others, probationers must enter for four years, and at St Bartholomew's they have to pass an entrance examination in elementary anatomy, physiology and other subjects.

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  • The study of the anatomy and physiology of plants did not keep pace with the advance in classification.

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  • Nehemiah Grew and his contemporary Marcello Malpighi were the earliest discoverers in the department of plant anatomy.

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  • Malpighi's complete work, Anatome Plantarum, appeared in 1675 and Grew's Anatomy of Plants in 1682.

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  • von Mohl in the middle of the 19th century placed the study of plant anatomy on a more scientific basis.

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  • de Bary's Comparative Anatomy of the Phanerogams and Ferns (1877) supplied an admirable presentation of the facts so far known.

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  • Nehemiah Grew seems to have been the first to describe, in a paper on the Anatomy of Plants, read before the Royal Society in November 1676, the functions of the stamens and pistils.

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  • Their primary object is to gratify the pleasure most persons take in viewing at close range the curious and beautiful living products of nature, but they serve also as means of instruction in natural history, providing material for museums and for investigations in comparative anatomy and pathology, while they may have a commercial value as pleasure resorts, or as show grounds for the display of animals that have been imported or bred for sale.

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  • In 1860 he became professor of pathological anatomy in the medical faculty of Paris, and in 1862 began that famous connexion with the Salpetriere which lasted to the end of his life.

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  • In other respects the anatomy of the cockle presents no important differences from that of a typical Lamellibranch.

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  • I.-First Historic Period The scientific recognition of fossils as connected with the past history of the earth, from Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) to the beginning of the 19th century, in connexion with the rise of comparative anatomy and geology.

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  • Palaeontology connected with comparative anatomy by Cuvier.

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  • Invulnerable in exact anatomical description and comparison, he failed in all his philosophical generalizations, even in those strictly within the domain of anatomy.

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  • His famous " law of correlation," which by its apparent brilliancy added enormously to his prestige, is not supported by modern philosophical anatomy, and his services to stratigraphy were diminished by his generalizations as to a succession of sudden extinctions and renovations of life.

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  • The mutual relations of palaeontology and embryology and comparative anatomy as means of determining the ancestry of animals are most interesting.

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  • The most marked case of such inversion in comparative anatomy is that of Carl Gegenbaur (5826-5903), who in arranging the fins of fishes in support of his theory that the fin of the Australian.

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  • The student must therefore resort to what may be called a tripod of evidence, derived from the available facts of embryology, comparative anatomy and palaeontology.

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  • The consequences of this principle when applied to the adaptations of animals bring us to the very antithesis of Cuvier's supposed "law of correlation," for we find that, while the end results of adaptation are such that all parts of an animal conspire to make the whole adaptive, there is no fixed correlation either in the form or rate of development of parts, and that it is therefore impossible for the palaeontologist to predict the anatomy of an unknown animal from one of its parts only, unless the animal happens to belong to a type generally familiar.

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  • The traces of alternations of adaptations corresponding to these alternations of habitat are recorded both in palaeontology and anatomy, although often after the obscure analogy of the earlier and later writings of a palimpsest.

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  • Louis Dollo especially has Fossorial Amphibious Digitigrade Grass Herb Herbivorous Shrub Fruit Root Dentition reduced Omnivorous Fish Carnivorous-{Flesh Carrion contributed most brilliant discussions of the theory of alternations of habitat as applied to the interpretation of the anatomy of the marsupials, of many kinds of fishes, of such reptiles as the herbivorous dinosaurs of the Upper Cretaceous.

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  • The internal anatomy of the medusa is as variable as its external features.

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  • Zoologists of the standing of Huxley, Claus and Leydig added to our knowledge of the anatomy and to the theory of their relations.

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  • To Mitrophanow (1883-1884) and Danilewsky (1885-1889) we owe the first serious attempts to study the comparative anatomy of these haematozoa.

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  • He graduated from the medical department of the university of Pennsylvania in 1838, and a few years later set up in practice at Philadelphia and became a lecturer at the Philadelphia School of Anatomy.

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  • jecur), in anatomy, a large reddish-brown digestive gland situated in the upper and right part of the abdominal cavity.

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  • Birmingham Cunningham's Text-book of Anatomy.

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  • Comparative Anatomy.

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  • This doubtless would be an advantage morphologically, though for human descriptive anatomy the present nomenclature is not likely to be altered.

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  • - Diagrams of the external form and anatomy of Anodonta cygnea, the Pond-Mussel; in figures I, 3, 4, 5, 6 the animal is seen from the left side, the centro-dorsal region uppermost.

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  • The museum, in the old East India Company's house, has fine collections in natural history, entomology, botany, anatomy, archaeology and ethnography, a picture and sculpture gallery, and exhibits of coins and industrial art.

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  • Dixon, Cunningham's Text-Book of Anatomy.

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  • For further details see Quain's Anatomy (London: Longmans, Green & Co.); Gray's Anatomy (London: Longmans, Green & Co.); Cunningham's Text-Book of Anatomy (Edinburgh: Young J.

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  • Pentland), or Macalister's Anatomy (London: Griffin & Co.).

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  • Dixon, Cunningham's Text-book of Anatomy.

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  • Certain modifications in the disposition of these classes are naturally enough rendered necessary by the vast accumulation of knowledge as to the anatomy and embryology of the forms comprised in them.

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  • In England, Owen's anatomy of the pearly nautilus,14 Huxley's discussion of the general morphology of the Mollusca,17 and Lankester's embryological investigations, 19 have aided in advancing our knowledge of the group. Two remarkable works of a systematic character dealing with the Mollusca deserve mention here - the Manual of the Mollusca, by Dr S.

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  • Assuming that these ancestral forms resembled the existing Nautilus in their internal anatomy, they had two pairs of renal ducts and one pair of genital ducts, which would apparently indicate, not a single metamere or unsegmented body, but three metameres.

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  • COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, a term employed to designate the study of the structure of man as compared with that of lower animals, and sometimes the study of lower animals in contradistinction to human anatomy; the term is now falling into desuetude, and lingers practically only in the titles of books or in the designation of university chairs.

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  • See Anatomy and Zoology.

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  • But personally Peter learnt nearly all that he wanted to know - gunnery at Konigsberg, shipbuilding at Saardam and Deptford, anatomy at Leiden, engraving at Amsterdam - and was proceeding to Venice to complete his knowledge of navigation when the revolt of the slryeltsy, or musketeers (June 1698), recalled him to Moscow.

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  • His strong point consists in inferring the fact of evolution of some sort from the consideration of the evidence of comparative anatomy, palaeontology and embryology.

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  • 57) under the name of Apteryx oweni - a just tribute to the great master who had so minutely explained the anatomy of the group. Three years later A.

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  • The development of a more accurate anatomy in the 17th century seems to have diminished the interest in physiognomy, by substituting fact for fiction; and consequently the literature, though as great in quantity, became less valuable in quality.

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  • For information on artistic anatomy as applied to physiognomy see th catalogue of sixty-two authors by Ludwig Choulant, Geschichte and Bibliographie der anatomischen Abbildung, &c. (Leipzig, 1852), and the works of the authors enumerated above, especially those of Aristotle, Franz, Porta, Cardan, Corvus and Bulwer.

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  • Sedgwick, "On certain Points in the Anatomy of Chiton," Proc. R.

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  • He at first intended to adopt the medical profession, and made some progress in anatomy, botany and chemistry, after which he studied chronology, geometry and astronomy.

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  • Anatomy, &c.: Bommer, "Sclerotes et cordons myceliens," Mem.

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  • They have departments of architecture, building, civil engineering, chemistry, metallurgy and, in some cases, anatomy.

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  • Here the anatomy has reached its limits for such work; the precision of the muscles on the inner and outer sides of the leg, of the uniform grip in the left arm, and the tense muscle upholding the right arm, prove that the artist knew that part of his work perfectly.

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  • It sported with a seductive Syrian type of face, especially under Amenophis (Amenhotep) III.; but we find the anatomy giving way to mere smoothness of surface, for the sake of contrast with the masses of detail.

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  • To enumerate a few examples of this which are already definitely known: we find that the forms of legal and business documents became more precise; the mechanical arts of casting in bronze on a core and of moulding figures and pottery were brought to the highest pitch of excellence; and portraiture in the round on its highest plane was better than ever before and admirably lifelike, revealing careful study of the external anatomy of the individual.

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  • Among the properties of living material there is one, widely though not universally present in it, which forms the pre-eminent characteristic of 1 The anatomy of the muscles is dealt with under Muscular System, and of the nerves under Nerve and Nervous System.

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  • An interesting feature of the minute anatomy of Euflorideae, as the Red Algae, exclusive of the Bangiaceae, have been termed, is the existence of the so-called Floridean pit.

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  • Ray Lankester (preface to the English edition of C. Gegenbaur's Comparative Anatomy), and employed by the same writer in the 9th edition of this encyclopaedia (article "Zoology") to denote the eighth phylum, or major division, of coelomate animals.

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  • Buffon, in a cautious, tentative fashion, suggested rather than stated the mutability of species and the influence of the forces of nature in moulding organisms. Immanuel Kant, in his Theory of the Heavens (1755), foreshadowed a theory of the development of unformed matter into the highest types of animals and plants, and suggested that the gradations of structure revealed by comparative anatomy pointed to the existence of blood relationship of all organisms, due to derivation from a common ancestor.

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  • Darwin himself showed that different species in a genus, or varieties in a species, tended to show parallel variations, whilst comparative anatomy has made known a multitude of cases where allied series of animals or plants show successive stages of parallel but independent variations of important organs and functions.

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  • He followed his father's trade, but found time to acquire a knowledge of Latin, Greek, mathematics, physics, anatomy and other subjects.

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  • The laboratory examination may be used in subjects like physics, chemistry, geology, zoology, botany, anatomy, physiology, to test powers of manipulation and knowledge of experimental methods.

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  • Indeed, the deduction to be drawn from Goethe's contributions to botany and anatomy is that he, as no other of his contemporaries, possessed that type of scientific mind which, in the 19th century, has made for progress; he was Darwin's predecessor by virtue of his enunciation of what has now become one of the commonplaces of natural science - organic evolution.

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  • During three years he was experimental assistant to Alfred Donne (1801-1878) in his course of lectures on microscopic anatomy.

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  • Here you find articles in the encyclopedia on topics related to anatomy.

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  • JEAN CRUVEILHIER (1791-1874), French anatomist, was born at Limoges in 1791, and was educated at the university of Paris, where in 1825 he became professor of anatomy.

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  • In 1836 he became the first occupant of the recently founded chair of pathological anatomy.

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  • He was the second of a family of four, the eldest of whom, Jean Theodore (1801-1870), travelled a great deal in his youth, and was afterwards professor of comparative anatomy at Liege.

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  • "For my part," he says, "I take my stand in human anatomy"; and what he everywhere insists upon is "the necessity, in each particular case, of an intelligent designing mind for the contriving and determining of the forms which organized bodies bear."

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  • Burchardt, "Finer Anatomy of Amphioxus," with bibliography, Jena Zeitschr.

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  • Anatomy began to be studied, and the time was not far distant when Titian should lend his pencil to the epoch-making treatise of Vesalius.

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  • On the other side, he addressed himself to the analysis of man considered as a political being, to the anatomy of constitutions and the classification of governments, to the study of motives underlying public action, the secrets of success and the causes of failure in the conduct of affairs.

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  • Heusinger in comparative anatomy.

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  • In 1832 he became full professor of zoology and comparative anatomy there, and held that office until 1840, when he was called to succeed J.

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  • Frequent journeys to the Mediterranean, the Adriatic, and the North Sea gave him abundant materials for research on invertebrate anatomy and physiology, which he communicated first to the Munich academy of sciences, and republished in his Beitrdge zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Blutes (Leipzig, 1832-1833), with additions in 1838).

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  • In 1812 he was aided by Cuvier to obtain the chair of anatomy and zoology in the Faculty of Sciences at Paris, but subsequently an estrangement grew up between the two men and ended in open enmity.

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  • Two years later, on the death of Cuvier, he obtained the chair of comparative anatomy, which he continued to occupy for the space of eighteen years, proving himself no unworthy successor to his great teacher.

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  • intestinus, internal, usually in neuter plural inteslina, from intus, within), in anatomy, the lower part of the FIG.

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  • The testing of ideas by observation and experiment which was begun in anatomy by Vesalius.

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  • His activity was by no means confined to palaeobotany, but extended into all branches of botany, more particularly anatomy and phanerogamic taxonomy.

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  • xvi., 1829), giving the results of the first investigation of the anatomy of those plants.

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  • But they rarely prosecuted researches in physics or astronomy, and the newly created sciences of biology and comparative anatomy received no adequate recognition from them.

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  • Further details as to the life and an account of the anatomical and medical knowledge of Galen will be found in the historical articles under the headings of Anatomy and Medicine.

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  • Kidd, "A Cursory Analysis of the Works of Galen, so far as they relate to Anatomy and Physiology," Trans.

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  • a demonstrator of anatomy, and was assistant surgeon to King's College Hospital for several years; and in the autumn of 1847 he was appointed surgeon and lecturer on pathology at his old school, St Thomas's, where, with progressive changes, he continued to remain an officer.

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  • In the same year he took up his residence at Oxford, where he was made deputy professor of anatomy, and where he gave instruction in that science and in chemistry.

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  • In 1651 he was made professor of anatomy at Oxford, and also became professor of music at Gresham College.

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  • He was appointed before the beginning of November physician to the Hotel Dieu, with a salary of forty livres per annum, and lectured on anatomy with demonstrations from the human subject.

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  • On finishing his academic studies he contemplated adopting the medical profession, and prosecuted his studies in chemistry, anatomy and physiology with that.

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  • An account of the anatomy of Anodon is given in the article Lamellibranchia.

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  • - For an account of the anatomy of Mytilus edulis the reader is referred to the treatise by Sabatier on that subject (Paris, 1875).

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  • on the data afforded by comparative anatomy and embryology in attempting to reconstruct the probable phylogeny of the class.

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  • NICOLAUS STENO (1631-1686), Danish naturalist, was born at Copenhagen in 1631, and studied medicine and anatomy in that city and in Paris.

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  • After a period of travel he settled in Italy (1666) at first as professor of anatomy at Padua, and then in Florence as house-physician to the grand-duke Ferdinand II.

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  • He returned to his native city in 1672 to become professor of anatomy, but, having become a Roman Catholic, he found it expedient to return to Florence, and was ultimately made apostolic vicar of Lower Saxony.

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  • There is nothing in Leonardo's writings to show that he knew either the anatomy or physiology of the wing in the modern sense.

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  • Anatomy >>

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  • Thus anatomy and physiology display the structure and functions of the human body, while psychology investigates the operations of the human mind.

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  • The differences are everywhere striking: the resemblances are less obvious in the fulness of their extent, and they are never contemplated without wonder by those who, in the study of anatomy and physiology, are first made aware how near is man in his physical constitution to the brutes.

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  • Drury lost his only daughter, and in 1611 Donne published an extravagant elegy on her, entitled An Anatomy of the World, to which he added in 1612 a Progress of the Soul on the same subject; he threatened to celebrate the "blessed Maid," Elizabeth Drury, in a fresh elegy on each anniversary of her death, but he happily refrained from the third occasion onwards.

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  • The laws of light and shade, the laws of "perspective," including optics and the physiology of the eye, the laws of human and animal anatomy and muscular movement, those of the growth and structure of plants and of the powers and properties of water, all these and much more furnished food almost from the beginning to his insatiable spirit of inquiry.

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  • Meanwhile he was filling his note-books as busily as ever with the results of his studies in statics and dynamics, in human anatomy, geometry and the phenomena of light and shade.

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  • It is probable that from the first he had not forgotten his great task of the Sforza monument, with its attendant researches in equine movement and anatomy, and in the science and art of bronze casting on a great scale.

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  • He laboured in the natural sciences as ardently as ever, especially at anatomy in company with the famous professor of Pavia, Marcantonio della Torre.

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  • Besides pictures, the master seems also to have shown and explained to his visitors some of his vast store of notes and observations on anatomy and physics.

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  • some portion of his labours in those sciences and give them to the world, an incalculable impulse would have been given to all those enquiries by which mankind has since been striving to understand the laws of its being and control the conditions of its environment, - to mathematics and astronomy, to mechanics, hydraulics, and physics generally, to geology, geography, and cosmology, to anatomy and the sciences of life.

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  • Brongniart, who was the first to investigate in detail the anatomy of a cycadean stem, recognized an agreement, as regards the secondary wood, with Dicotyledons and Gymnosperms, rather than with MonocoFIG.8.

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  • The leaftraces of cycads are remarkable both on account of their course and their anatomy.

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  • (1896); Worsdell, " Anatomy of Macrozamia," Ann.

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  • (1899); Veitch, Manual of the Coniferae (London, 1900); Penhallow, " Anatomy of North American Coniferales," American Naturalist 0904); Engler and Pilger, Das Pflanzenreich, Taxaceae (1903); Seward and Ford, " The Araucarieae, recent and extinct," Phil.

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  • C. Jeffrey, " The Comparative Anatomy and Phylogeny of the Coniferales, part i.

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  • Finally she studied anatomy privately at the London hospital, and with some of the professors at St Andrews University, and at the Edinburgh Extra-Mural school.

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  • Corallium rubrum has been the subject of a beautifully-illustrated memoir by de Lacaze-Duthiers, which should be consulted for details of anatomy.

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  • As far as the anatomy of the zooid is concerned, the majority of the stony or madreporarian corals agree exactly with the soft-bodied Actinians, such as Actinia equina, both in the number and arrange 4 4 ¢ 2 4 FIG.

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  • All recent corals, as has already been said, conform so closely to the anatomy of normal Actinians that they cannot be classified apart from them, except that they are distinguished by the possession of a calcareous skeleton.

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  • Various attempts have been made to classify corals according to the arrangement of the septa, the characters of the theca, the microscopic structure of the corallurn, and the anatomy of the soft parts.

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  • On the other hand, the study of the anatomy and development of the zooids has thrown much light upon the manner in which the corallum is formed, and it is now possible to infer the structure of the soft parts from a microscopical examination of the septa, theca, &c., with the result that unexpected relationships have been shown to exist between corals previously supposed to stand far apart.

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  • As the microscopic character of the corallum of these extinct forms agrees with that of recent corals, it may be assumed that the anatomy of the soft parts also was similar, and the tetrameral arrange ment, when present, may obviously be referred to a stage when only the first two pairs of Edwardsian mesenteries were present and septa were formed in the intervals between them.

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  • After attending the high school and the university of Edinburgh, he embraced the profession of medicine, and devoted himself chiefly to the study of anatomy, under the direction of his brother John.

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  • His first work, entitled A System of Dissections, explaining the anatomy of the human body, the manner of displaying the parts, and their varieties in disease, was published in Edinburgh in 1798, while he was still a pupil, and for many years was considered to be a valuable guide to the student of practical anatomy.

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  • In 1802 he published a series of engravings of original drawings, showing the anatomy of the brain and nervous system.

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  • In 1804 he wrote the third volume, containing the anatomy of the nervous system and of the organs of special sense, of The Anatomy of the Human Body, by John and Charles Bell.

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  • Before leaving Edinburgh, he had written his work on the Anatomy of Expression, which was published in London soon after his arrival and at once attracted attention.

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  • His practical knowledge of anatomy and his skill as an artist qualified him in an exceptional manner for such a work.

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  • In 1811 Bell published his New Idea of the Anatomy of the Brain, in which he announced the discovery of the different functions of the nerves corresponding with their relations to different parts of the brain; his latest researches were described in The Nervous System of the Human Body (1830), a collection of papers read by him before the Royal Society.

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  • On the 31st of the same month he wrote :- "I really think this new anatomy of the brain will strike more than the discovery of the lymphatics being absorbents."

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  • He was also professor of anatomy, physiology and surgery to the College of Surgeons of London, and for many years teacher of anatomy in the school which used to exist in Great Windmill Street.

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  • He dedicated no small portion of his time to the study of pure mathematics, to investigations in physics and chemistry, and even to anatomy and architecture; and there can be no doubt that this varied learning enhanced considerably the value of many of his judicial decisions.

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  • But the scattered details of comparative anatomy are capable of manifold arrangement, while the palimpsest of individual development is not merely fragmentary, but often has the fragments misplaced.

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  • The evidence for the Pelmatozoic theory is supplied by palaeontology, embryology, the comparative anatomy of the classes, and a consideration of other phyla.

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  • Thus inferences from embryonic development need to be checked by palaeontology, and supplemented by comparison of the anatomy of other living genera.

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  • Lang, TextBook of Comparative Anatomy, transl., part ii.

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  • Moreover, in the anatomy of the soft-parts of the recent forms there are a number of remarkable points of resemblance.

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  • Though the high specialization of this ancient group of plants renders the determination of their natural affinities difficult, indications are afforded by anatomy and the morphology of the strobilus.

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  • Without entering into detail regarding the anatomy, it may be stated that secondary thickening took place in both genera.

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  • The anatomy of the stem is thus very unlike that characteristic of the Equisetales, and presents essential points of resemblance to the Lycopodiales and especially to the Psilotales.

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  • Recent work both on their anatomy and on the morphology and structure of their sporeproducing organs has however tended to show that their peculiarities can be best understood in the light of our knowledge of the Sphenophyllales.

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  • The anatomy of Lycopodium presents considerable variety in detail, but the stem is always monostelic and the development of the xylem centripetal, the protoxylems being situated at the periphery of the stele; pericycle and endodermis surround the stele, and the wide cortex may be more or less sclerenchymatous.

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  • The anatomy of the stele in the stem exhibits on the whole a progression from a solid protostele through a tubular solenostele to one or more circles of separate steles derived by the breaking up of the solenostele.

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  • The anatomy of the stem differs in the four recent genera of this order, and presents a series possibly illustrating the origin of a number of concentric steles from a solid stele, the intermediate step being represented by those forms in which the central cylinder is tubular.

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  • The series which can be constructed from a study of the sorus is in general supported by the anatomy of the sporophyte, and by the structure and sexual organs of the gametophyte.

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  • The application of the important criteria which Bower has thus pointed out to the construction of a strictly phylogenetic classification of the Filicaceae cannot be made until the anatomy, the sexual generation and the palaeobotanical evidence have been further examined from this point of view.

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  • With the revival of learning, however, first one and then another special study became recognized - anatomy, botany, zoology, mineralogy, until at last the great comprehensive term physiology was bereft of all its once-included subject-matter, excepting the study of vital processes pursued by the more learned members of the medical profession.

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  • Hence the term Appendiculata was introduced by Lankester (preface to the English edition of Gegenbaur's Comparative Anatomy, 1878) to indicate the group. The relationships of the Arthropoda thus stated are shown in the subjoined table: - (Sub-phylum r.

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  • No doubt careful microscopic scrutiny of the minute anatomy of the leaves of plants grown under various conditions would reveal further adaptations of structure to external conditions of climate.

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  • Here you find articles in the encyclopedia about plant and animal anatomy.

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  • physiology, anatomy, biology), in so far as the habits and character of men depend upon the material processes which these sciences examine.

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  • He became lecturer in Anatomy both at his own hospital and at Charing Cross hospital; professor of Anatomy at University College, Sheffield; and Hunterian professor at the Royal College of Surgeons in 1901.

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  • Besides the private practice of his profession, he contributed largely to medical knowledge by the publication of several books, mainly on the anatomy of the pancreas and the abdominal viscera, by papers in the Proceedings of the Royal Society and in professional journals, and by editing for a time the Quarterly Medical Journal.

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  • In 1883 he removed to the university of Berlin, where he filled the chair of anatomy and physiology with great distinction until his death on the 28th of April 1858.

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  • In it, for the first time, the results of human and comparative anatomy, as well as of chemistry and other departments of physical science, were brought to bear on the investigation of physiological problems. The most important portion of the work was that dealing with nervous action and the mechanism of the senses.

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  • In the later part of his life he chiefly devoted himself to comparative anatomy.

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  • South-west of these buildings, on the other side of the Johannisthal Park, are clustered the medical institutes and hospitals of the university - the infirmary, clinical and other hospitals, the physico-chemical institute, pathological institute, physiological institute, ophthalmic hospital, pharmacological institute, the schools of anatomy, the chemical laboratory, the zoological institute, the physicomineralogical institute, the botanical garden and also the veterinary schools, deaf and dumb asylum, agricultural college and astronomical observatory.

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  • He next turned his attention to anatomy, and, being himself shortsighted, devoted his inquiries mainly to the question of vision and the formation of the eye.

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  • Cowan, British Bee-keepers' Guide-Book, The Honey Bee, its Natural History, Anatomy and Physiology; Langstroth on the Hone y Bee, revised by C. Dadant & Son; A.

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  • Partly in further development of views unfolded in Babylonia, but chiefly under Greek influences, the scope of astrology was enlarged until it was brought into connexion with practically all of the known sciences, botany, chemistry, zoology, mineralogy, anatomy and medicine.

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  • With human anatomy thus connected with the planets, with constellations, and with single stars, medicine became an integral part of astrology, or, as we might also put it, astrology became the handmaid of medicine.

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  • Anatomy The anatomical structure of the horse has been described in detail in several works mentioned in the bibliography at the end of this section, though these have generally been written from the point of view of the veterinarian rather than of the comparative anatomist.

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  • The large metacarpal is called in veterinary anatomy " cannon bone"; the small lateral metacarpals, which gradually taper towards their lower extremities, and lie in close contact with the large one, are called " splint bones."

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  • This is called in veterinary anatomy the " suspensory ligament of the sesamoids," or of the " fetlock " (io in fig.

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  • Percivall, The Anatomy of the Horse (1832); G.

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  • Stubbs, Anatomy of the Horse (1766); W.

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  • Balfour, "The Anatomy and Development of P. capensis," posthumous memoir, edited by H.

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  • 331 (1898-1899) and "Anatomy of Opisthopatus cinctipes," ibid.

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  • The Anatomy and Development of P. novae britanniae," Zoological Results, pt.

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  • He studied anatomy and medicine at the university of Pisa, where he took his doctor's degree in 1551, and in 1555 became professor of materia medica and director of the botanical garden.

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  • In anatomy, it is, among other uses, applied to the second cervical vertebra, and in botany itmeans the stem.

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  • In the same treatise Dr Hoek has useful chapters on the anatomy, development and sexes of the group, with references to the important researches since Darwin by Krohn, Claus, Kossmann and others.

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  • His investigations must embrace not only the comparative morphology and anatomy of fossil plants, but also their distribution over the earth's surface at different periods - a part of the subject which, besides its direct biological interest, has obvious bearings on ancient climatology and geography.

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  • The anatomy of the axis is essentially similar to that of a young Calamarian twig, with some variations in detail.

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  • The anatomy of the axis is that of a young branch of a Calamite.

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  • While the anatomy has a somewhat Lycopodiaceous character, the arrangement of the appendages is altogether that of the Sphenophylleae; at the same time Calamarian affinities are indicated by the characters of the sporangiophores and sporangia.

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  • Among existing plants their nearest affinities would appear to be with Psiloteae, as indicated not merely by the anatomy, but much more strongly by the way in which the sporangia are borne.

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  • The anatomy of Lepidodendron and its immediate allies is now well known in a number of species; the Carboniferous rocks of Great Britain are especially rich in petrified specimens, which formed the subject of Williamson's extensive investigations.

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  • The anatomy is of the usual medullate Lepidodendroid type; no secondary growth has yet been detected in the stem.

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  • The anatomy of Sigillaria is not so well known as that of Lepidodendron, for specimens showing structure are comparatively rare, a fact which may be correlated with the infrequency of branching in the genus.

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  • Brardi) was investigated by Renault in 1875, but it was long before we had any trustworthy data for the anatomy of the ribbed forms. This gap in our knowledge has now been filled up, owing to Bertrand's investigation of a specimen referred by him to S.

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  • On the whole, the anatomy of Sigillaria is closely related to that of the preceding group, and in fact a continuous series can be traced from the anatomically simplest species of Lepidodendron to the most modified Sigillariae.

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  • Apart from the important advance shown in the anatomy of the stem, Lyginodendron agrees structurally with Heterangium.

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  • The class, though clearly allied to the typical Gymnosperms, may be kept distinct for the present on account of the relatively primitive characters shown in the anatomy and morphology, and may be provisionally defined as follows: plants resembling Ferns in habit and in many anatomical characters, but bearing seeds of a Cycadean type; seeds and microsporangia borne on fronds only slightly modified as compared with the vegetative leaves.

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  • The long, parallel-veined leaves of the Cordaiteae, which were commonly referred to Monocotyledons before their structure or connexion with other parts of the plant was known, have been shown by Renault to have essentially the same anatomy as a single leaflet of a Cycad such as Zamia.

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  • Our knowledge of the anatomy of fossil Osmundaceae has recently been considerably extended by Kidston and Gwynne-Vaughan.

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  • Hollick and Jeffrey have recently added to our knowledge of the anatomy of Cretaceous FIG.

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  • Pollard, "On the Anatomy and Phylogenetic Position of Polypterus," Zool.

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  • Since Magendie's time numerous papers dealing with pharmacological subjects have appeared in the Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, the Journal of Physiology, Virchow's Archiv, and the principal medical periodicals of all countries.

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  • Among the paintings exhibited by the artist are a " Venus," to which was awarded a medal in 1883, " Leda " (1884), and " Michaelangelo studying Anatomy " (1885) - his most dramatic work in this medium.

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  • These look like something a college anatomy class used—last week.

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  • But one vital part of his anatomy expressed no interest in the proceedings.

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  • anatomy of the knee The knee joint is made up of three bones.

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  • anatomy of the brain.

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  • anatomy of criticism is certainly worth looking at.

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  • Hill Surgical Workshop Hill Surgical Workshop offers an extensive program of courses teaching advanced surgical anatomy across all specialties of surgery.

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  • Diagram to illustrate parathyroid anatomy (posterior view) - click to enlarge There is variation in the number and location of glands.

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  • Content The course comprises 10 modules covering the anatomy and physiology of the major systems of the human body.

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  • In addition, candidates should have a clear knowledge of topographical anatomy as demonstrated by modern imaging techniques.

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  • Biology comparative anatomy This is perhaps the bed-rock of most dinosaur science.

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  • Clinical experience with oblique views in pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy in normal and pathological anatomy.

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  • Inadequately trained doctors, who have no spatial understanding of human anatomy, and cannot recognize the features of morbid anatomy.

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  • The distinctive microscopic anatomy of hazel wood allows definite identification of well-preserved specimens of wood and charcoal.

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  • functional anatomy is used to illustrate the mechanics of movement, where appropriate, allowing students to appreciate anatomy in motion.

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  • anatomy acts is a Scotland & Medicine: Collections & Connections project made possible by the Regional Development Challenge Fund.

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  • anatomy theater a macabre experiment is taking place.

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  • invitation anatomy 101 - Optional Components II - Part 3 of 3 Almost there!

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  • There are articles, images, and illustrations on primate anatomy and physiology collected from a variety of Web sites.

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  • They will be talking about the link between brain anatomy, physiology & intelligence, blending physics, chemistry and biology.

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  • The majority of the surface anatomy photos have been replaced with new photos; many diagnostic images have also been replaced.

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  • The book is divided into two main sections with the first describing the basics of wood anatomy, fungi and the decay process.

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  • movie anatomy [Content Ratings: 1 (Very Low ).. .

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  • Atlas of human anatomy for clinical imaging diagnosis.

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  • attuned perfectly to the female anatomy.

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  • butterflyut our animated musical multimedia presentations on monarch butterflies, mayflies, and bee anatomy and behavior.

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  • He used cadavers (dead bodies) to sketch details of human anatomy in order to know how the body works.

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  • Yep, big orbs, long cervix, what strangely challenging anatomy I have!

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  • comparative anatomy This is perhaps the bed-rock of most dinosaur science.

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  • cutaneous melanoma: new insights into lymphatic anatomy.

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  • Long before me bourgeois historians had described the historical development of this class struggle and bourgeois economists, the economic anatomy of classes.

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  • experiential anatomy and Dance Technique and Performance.

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  • Bills for delivery of body of executed felon to Dr. Jaffrey [Anatomy] 1830.

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  • Figure 1 is a sketch of the anatomy of the distal forelimb of the horse.

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  • The use of a flexible gastroscope can be very useful because of its adaptability to the anatomy.

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  • multilingual glossary of Anatomy of Speech and Hearing Mechanism: Multilingual glossary of anatomy of the speech and hearing mechanism.

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  • gymnosperm plant structure are covered, together with vegetative anatomy of pteridophytes.

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  • You are here: Home | Patient Information | Anatomy / treatment | Myocardial infarction How do you diagnose a myocardial infarction?

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  • Anatomy of sensory findings in patients with posterior cerebral artery territory infarction.

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  • Invitation anatomy 101 - Typical Components - Part 1 of 3 " What am I supposed to have in my invitation anatomy 101 - Typical Components - Part 1 of 3 " What am I supposed to have in my invitation?

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  • layrt Map The anatomy of net art laid bare.

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  • lecturer in anatomy after qualifying, but failed.

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  • Anatomy The ulnar nerve travels with the ulnar artery in the tunnel of Guyon, covered by the transverse carpal ligament.

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  • Location of sentinel lymph nodes in patients with cutaneous melanoma: new insights into lymphatic anatomy.

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  • morbid anatomy at St Thomas's Hospital.

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  • Syllabus Plan and Content Normal human anatomy Axial skeleton: joints, associated musculature and other tissues.

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  • Normal female urinary anatomy and insert of kidney nephron.

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  • The anatomy of the visual pathway The optic nerves carry visual signals from each eye into the head.

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  • New features in this release include the use of controlled vocabulary anatomy ontology terms in association with expression patterns.

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  • pathological anatomy in the United States.

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  • This paper deals with the anatomy and histology of the male reproductive system of the freshwater prawn.

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  • prerequisite lesson " Invitation Anatomy 101?

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  • Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy improves visualization of the anatomy, benefiting surgeons.

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  • Anatomy The posterior tibial nerve runs just behind the inside ankle bone in a tunnel covered by the flexor retinaculum.

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  • Normally through that much ridiculed part of the human anatomy - your back-side.

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  • sectional anatomy in the axial plane.

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  • Behavior The oddly balanced anatomy and massive claws of the giant ground sloths gave them a strange walk.

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  • testis development in the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena ). Journal of Anatomy 205, 201-211.

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  • Rating: - laughable omission How can this really be an Anatomy and physiology textbook written by a Phd?

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  • wanton disregard for anatomy or accurate animation.

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  • In 1856 he was recalled to Berlin as ordinary professor of pathological anatomy in the university, and as director of the Pathological Institute formed a centre for research whence has flowed a constant stream of original work on the nature and processes of disease.

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  • We may now proceed to a systematic account of the anatomy of the different groups of plants, beginning with the simplest, and passing to the more complicated forms.

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  • The pioneer of modern plant anatomy was Hugo von Mohi (ft.

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  • of our knowledge of the structure and course of the vascular strands of the higher plants (IJeber den Bau und die Anordnung der Gefssbundel bei den Stamm und Wurzel der Phanerogamen, Beitrage zur wissenschaftlichen Botanik, Heft i., Leipzig, 1859); to the second the establishment of the sound morphological doctrine of the central cylinder of the axis as the starting-point for the consideration of the general arrangement of the tissues, and the first clear distinction between primary and secondary tissues (Botanische Zeitung, 186I and 1863); to the last the putting together of the facts of plant anatomy known up to the middle of the eighth decade of the century in that great encyclopaedia of plant anatomy, the Vergleichende Anatomie der Vegetationsor gene bei den Phanerogamen und Farnen (Stuttgart, 1876; Eng.

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  • Thirdly, we have to record very considerable progress in our knowledge of distinctively morphological anatomy, i.e.

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  • Fourthly, attention must be called to the great development of what is called Systematic Anatomy, i.e.

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  • The true relation of systematic to ecological anatomy (see below) also awaits proper elucidation.

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  • Fifthly, we have to vecord the foundation of the modern study of physiological anatomy (i.e.

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  • Finally we may mention ecological anatomy, i.e.

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  • Other papers by Garrod, 1875, PP. 339.-348 (deep plantor tendons); 1876, pp. 506-519 (wing-muscles [[[Anatomy]] of Passeres), &c.; J.

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  • Swan, Illustrations of the Comparative Anatomy of the Nervous System (London, 1835, 4to, with plates).

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  • Forbes, " ` Contributions to the Anatomy of Passerine Birds (syrinx)," P.Z.S., 1880, pp. 380386, 387-391; 1881, pp. 435-737; 1882, PP544-54656 9-57 1 W.

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  • pp. 444, 445), and in the next year referred to it in his own article " Ayes " in Todd's Cyclopaedia of Anatomy (i.

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  • It is sufficient here to remark that the author, even then a man of great erudition, must have been aware of the turn which taxonomy was taking; but, not being able to divest himself of the older notion that external characters were superior to those furnished by the study of internal structure, and that Comparative Anatomy, instead of being a part of zoology, was something distinct from it, he seems to have endeavoured to form a scheme which, while not running wholly counter to the teachings of Comparative Anatomists, should yet rest ostensibly on external characters.

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  • 3 Sir Richard Owen's celebrated article " A y es," in Todd's Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology (i.

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  • It is plain that Blyth saw, and perhaps he was the first to see it, that geographical distribution was not unimportant in suggesting the affinities and differences of natural groups (pp. 258, 259); and, undeterred by the precepts and practice of the hitherto dominant English school of Ornithologists, he declared that " anatomy, when aided by every character which the manner of propagation, the progressive changes, and other physiological data supply, is the only sure basis of classification."

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  • It has already been mentioned that Macgillivray contributed to Audubon's Ornithological Biography a series of descriptions of some parts of the anatomy of American birds, from Mac- gillivray subjects supplied to him by that enthusiastic naturalist, and whose zeal and prescience, it may be called, in this respect merits all praise.

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  • Among the many species whose anatomy Macgillivray thus partly described from autopsy were at least half a dozen' of those now referred to the family Tyrannidae (see King 1 Archiv fiir Naturgeschichte, vii.

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  • de Castelnau's Expedition dans les parties centrales de l'Amerique du Sud some important memoirs describing the anatomy of the hoactzin and certain other birds of doubtful or anomal ous position, published some remarks on the characters which could be drawn from the sternum of birds (Ann.

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  • In the Anatomy of Melancholy Burton assures us that they were never more numerous than in A.D.

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  • While some observers have studied in detail the structure and life-history of a few selected types (insect anatomy and development), others have made a more superficial examination of large series of insects to classify them and determine their relationships (systematic entomology), while others again have investigated the habits and life-relations of insects (insect bionomics).

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  • By analogy, acinus is applied in anatomy to similar granules or glands, or lobules of a gland.

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  • names of Charles Bonnet (1720-1793), the entomologist, who described the reproduction of Aphis; Banks and Solander, who accompanied Captain Cook on his first voyage(1768-1771); Thomas Pennant (1726-1798), the describer of the English fauna; Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811), who specially extended the knowledge of the Linnaean Vermes, and under the patronage of the empress Catherine explored Russia and Siberia; De Geer (1720-1778), the entomologist; Lyonnet (1707-1789), the author of the monograph of the anatomy of the caterpillar of I Cossus ligniperdus; Cavolini (1756-1810), the Neapolitan marine zoologist and forerunner of Della Chiaje (fl.

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  • In anatomy and physiology the Arabians distinctly went back; in surgery they showed no advance upon the Greeks; in practical medicine nothing new can be traced, except the description of certain diseases (e.g.

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  • Two of the most important results of the revival of learning were indeed such as are excluded from the scope of this brief sketch - namely, the reawakening of anatomy, which to a large extent grew out of the study of the works of Galen, and the investigation of medicinal plants, to which a fresh impulse was given by the revival of Dioscorides (A.D.

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  • To know the nature of man and how to deal with it, the physician should study, not anatomy, which Paracelsus utterly rejected, but all parts of external nature.

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  • Minuter accuracy of observation was inculcated by the labours and teaching of the great anatomists of the 17th century; and, for modern times, experimental physiology was instituted by Harvey, anatomy having done little to interpret life in its dynamic aspects.

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  • In the last quarter of the 19th century the conception grew clearer that morbid anatomy for the most part demonstrates disease in its static aspects only, and also for the most part in the particular aspect of final demolition; and it became manifest as pathology and clinical medicine became more and more thoroughly integrated, that the processes which initiate and are concerned in this dissolution were not revealed by the scalpel.

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  • discuss the psychology, physiology and anatomy of man, the five senses and their organs, sleep, dreams, ecstasy, memory, reason, &c. The remaining four books seem more or less supplementary; the last (xxxii.) is a summary of geography and history down to the year 1250, when the book seems to have been given to the world, perhaps along with the Speculum Historiale and possibly an earlier form of the Speculum Doctrinale.

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  • In the third generation Caspar Thomeson (1655-1738), son of Thomas, also taught anatomy at Copenhagen, his name being associated with the description of one of the ducts of the sublingual gland and of the glandulae Bartholini, while his younger brother, Thomas (16J9-1690), was a student of northern antiquities who published Antiquitatum Danicarum libri tres in 1689.

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  • 7 The " power of the signs " was similarly distributed among the parts of the human body: Et quanquam communis eat tutela per omne Corpus, et in proprium divisis artubus exit: Namque aries capiti, taurus cervicibus haeret; Brachia sub geminis censentur, pectora cancro.8 Warnings were uttered against surgical treatment of a member through whose sign the moon happened to be passing; 9 and zodiacal anatomy was an indispensable branch of the healing art in the Middle Ages.

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  • van Tieghem and his pupils, and others, who have sought to correlate the large mass of facts and to find some general underlying principles (see Plants: Anatomy of).

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  • Structural, having reference to the form and structure of the various parts, including (a) Morphology, the study of the general form of the organs and their development - this will be treated in a series of articles dealing with the great subdivisions of plants (see Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, Pteridophyta, Bryophyta, Algae, Lichens, Fungi and Bacteriology) and the more important organs (see Stem, Leaf, RooT, Flower, Fruit); (b) Anatomy, the study of internal structure, including minute anatomy or histology (see Plants: Anatomy).

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  • That wealth of evidence which the zoologist enjoys, including environment in all its aspects and anatomy in its perfection of organs and tissues, the palaeontologist finds partially or wholly destroyed, and his highest art is that of complete restoration of both the past forms and past environments of life (see Plates I.

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  • From comparative anatomy alone it is possible to arrange a series of living forms which, although structurally a convincing array because placed in a graded series, may be, nevertheless, in an order inverse to that of the actual historical succession.

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  • In the genus Rhizostoma, common on the British coasts and conspicuous on account of its large size, the oral arms, originally distinct and four in number, undergo concrescence, so that the entrance to the mouth is reduced to numerous fine pores and canals.2 Like the external structure, the internal anatomy of the medusa shows a complete radial symmetry, and is simple in plan but often complicated in detail (see fig.

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  • In internal structure also the variety of tissue-formation far exceeds that found in Gymnosperms (see Plants: Anatomy).

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  • He was conversant to some extent with the new sciences of perspective, anatomy and proportion, which had been making their way for years past in Italy, and from him it is likely that Diirer received the impulse to similar studies and speculations.

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  • The Topics deal with dialectic and constitute an anatomy of argumentation, or, according to what seems to be Aristotle's own metaphor, a survey of the tactical vantage-points (7-67rot) for the conflict of wits in which the prize is primarily victory, though it is a barren victory unless it is also knowledge.

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  • - Windsor: Nine MSS., chiefly on anatomy, published entire in simple facsimile by Rouveyre (Paris, 1901); partially, with transliterations and introduction by Piumati and Sabachnikoff (Paris, 1898, foil.); British Museum: one MS., miscellaneous, unpublished; Victoria and Albert Museum: ten note-books bound in 3 vols.; facsimile by Rouveyre, Holkham (collection of Lord Leicester), 1 vol., on hydraulics and the action of water; published in facsimile with transliteration and notes by Gerolamo Calvi.

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  • He was also distinguished as an anatomist (see Anatomy), among his writings being Corporis humani Anatomia (Venice, 1516-1524), and Anatomicae Annotationes (Bologna, 1520).

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  • The usually fistular pith is surrounded by a ring of collateral vascular bundle, (see Anatomy Of Plants, and Pteridophyta), each of which, with rare exceptions, has an intercellular canal at its inner edge, containing the disorganized spiral tracheae, just as in the recent genus.

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  • The anatomy of the stem of Sphenophyllum, investigated by Renault, Williamson and others, is highly characteristic (fig.

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  • The vascular bundles, in particular, show precisely the characteristic collateral mesarch or exarch structure which is so constant in the recent family (see Anatomy Of Plants).

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  • Provided by University of Iowa Health Care, this multimedia textbook provides a high-quality color atlas of sectional anatomy in the axial plane.

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  • Smooth muscle actin and vimentin as markers of testis development in the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena). Journal of Anatomy 205, 201-211.

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  • Figures are rendered with wanton disregard for anatomy or accurate animation.

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  • In my anatomy class, we looked at photos of the amnia to learn about the development of embryos.

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  • I wish I could just absorb the information I need to know for my anatomy final through osmosis into my brain.

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  • Memory: Stick with the anatomy analogy, memory is the muscle.

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  • The act of purring involves the unique anatomy of cats and is driven by instinct and physiology.

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  • Purring relies on three basic components of the cat's body: anatomy, nervous system response and muscle activity.

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  • A look at the anatomy of a cat is the first step in discovering what allows a cat to purr.

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  • If you missed this week's episode of Grey's Anatomy, The Bachelorette or Modern Family you can catch up at your convenience on the Internet.

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  • There is more to the female form than those parts that differ from a male's anatomy.

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  • Its exterior was inspired by the anatomy of muscle tensions, tendons and skin on animals.

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  • Actor Eric Dane, who is one of the stars of Grey's Anatomy, and his wife actress Rebecca Gayheart, were the subjects of a leaked tape that featured them along with former Miss Teen U.S.A. and Playboy model Kari Ann Peniche.

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  • Lovato has made appearances on television shows such as Prison Break, Grey's Anatomy, and America's Next Top Model.

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  • He was also a musician and spent years creating detailed sketches of human anatomy, which he based on the human dissections he performed on corpses from local hospitals.

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  • First intended as a midseason replacement, nobody expected Grey's Anatomy to become one of ABC's hit shows.

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  • While the women of Grey's Anatomy are known for their close relationship, there have been several reports of friction between the male cast members.

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  • This all changed when he became Dr. McDreamy on the hit TV drama Grey's Anatomy in 2005, when he won back his original fans and gained a whole new set of them, too!

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  • Female fans of the Thursday night hit Grey's Anatomy will be joyous with the news that Eric Dane, a.k.a.

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  • In 2005, Eric Dane guest starred on Grey's Anatomy as Dr. Mark Sloan (McSteamy).

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  • Back in October 2006, Isaiah Washington of Grey's Anatomy made headlines for making a homophobic slur about a fellow cast member.

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  • Knight. Reports swirled that he would be fired from the cast of the hit medical drama, Grey's Anatomy, but the cast and producers moved beyond the incident and all seemed well again.

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  • Washington was asked about the homophobic comment in the press room following Grey's Anatomy's win for best drama.

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  • Isaiah Washington, who portrayed Dr. Preston Burke on the hit television series Grey's Anatomy, is not returning to work in the fall.

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  • With the hit television show Grey's Anatomy and the 2007 summer box office hit Knocked Up in her arsenal, Katherine Heigl is definitely considered one of the "It Girls" of the moment.

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  • While Heigl appeared in a number of television roles, including Isabel Evans on the WB's sci-fi Roswell (1999-2002), the show that made her a household name was Grey's Anatomy in 2005.

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  • While Heigl was not directly involved with the controversy that erupted on the set of Grey's Anatomy, when Isaiah Washington used a gay slur toward T.R.

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  • Actor Patrick Dempsey, aka Dr. McSteamy from the hit television series Grey's Anatomy, unwinds from his busy career as a television doctor by literally going around circles.

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  • If you want to catch a glimpse of Dempsey's McSpeedy moves on the track, check out the Grey's Anatomy Season 3 DVD set, which includes bonus footage of Hyper Sport in action.

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  • After a variety of small roles in Hollywood movies, Dane became a regular cast member on the TV show Grey's Anatomy, in which he plays Dr. Mark Sloan.

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  • There were rumors that she was leaving the show, but now word is that Katherine Heigl is leaving Grey's Anatomy early.

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  • Early in the season, Heigl took maternity leave from Grey's Anatomy to care for her newly adopted child.

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  • In a detraction from her normal foot-in-mouth barbs regarding movies like Knocked Up and shows like Grey's Anatomy, that made her career, Heigl's comments about her early Grey's departure were rather subdued.

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  • Those with this degree have advanced skills in anatomy, pain management for cancer patients, oncology and pain management for patients with chronic pain.

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  • It is preferred that individuals have a firm science background that includes biology, anatomy and physiology, microbiology and courses in human growth and development.

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  • Understanding canine anatomy is not only useful to the animal professional, but also the average dog owner.

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  • Here is a brief overview of the form and function of canine anatomy.

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  • The parts of the canine anatomy listed above are just a few of the body systems that are operating inside of your dog.

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  • Students are also required to study canine anatomy and learn how to recognize different breeds of dogs.

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  • Ferragamo went so far as to study anatomy while in America just so he could better understand how shoes could both look great and also feel comfortable.

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  • In order to understand how a convertible bra should fit, you should understand its anatomy.

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  • Fishback, who is also the department chair of the Anatomy and Pathology departments at EVMS.

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  • Anatomy of the Mouth: Your mouth anatomy may be causing snoring, if you have a low, thick soft palate.

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  • The only time dentists use surgery as a solution is when the anatomy of the individual is the main contributing factor in the upper airway obstruction.

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  • Biology: A coaster can only be as intense as riders can stand, and good roller coaster design will incorporate the limits of human anatomy and physiology to keep the ride safe and comfortable.

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  • Refer to the article, Sprint-Nextel: Anatomy of a Failed Merger, for an update (written October 2007).

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  • Hey, you may have to work at 9:00 PM on Thursday, but if you use public transportation to get to work, you can catch the latest episode of Grey's Anatomy on your Friday morning commute.

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  • The altered anatomy of the biliary system is different in every case, calling upon the surgeon's skill and experience to select and execute the most effective among several options.

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  • However, children and infants are at increased risk of choking and foreign body airway obstruction due to immature airway and dental anatomy, distraction and play during eating, and a natural tendency to put objects into their mouths.

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  • Airway obstruction death and injury are especially prevalent in children under age four due to anatomy (small airway), natural curiosity and tendency to put objects in their mouths, and incomplete chewing.

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  • Airway obstruction death and injury are especially prevalent in children under age four due to their anatomy (small airway), natural curiosity and tendency to put objects in their mouths, and incomplete chewing.

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  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic imaging procedure that uses radio waves, a magnetic field, and a computer to generate images of the anatomy.

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  • When used to assess the brain, it produces a three-dimensional image that shows anatomy and function, including such information as blood flow, oxygen consumption, glucose metabolism, and concentrations of various molecules in brain tissue.

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  • Urologist-A physician who specializes in the anatomy, physiology, diseases, and care of the urinary tract (in men and women) and male reproductive tract.

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  • Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, 6th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002.

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  • Ophthalmologist-A physician who specializes in the anatomy and physiology of the eyes and in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and disorders.

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  • Computed tomography (CT), formerly referred to as computerized axial tomography (CAT), is a common diagnostic imaging procedure that uses x rays to generate images (slices) of the anatomy.

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  • For children requiring complex surgeries (e.g., brain, spine), CT is often used to produce images of the anatomy that help surgeons plan the surgery.

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