# Amplitude sentence example

In both cases the

**amplitude**of the oscillations decreases more or less rapidly.Thus Mach found an

**amplitude**0 2 cm.The 12-hour term is much less variable, especially as regards its phase angle; its

**amplitude**shows distinct maxima near the equinoxes.The maximum velocity of a particle in the wave-train is the

**amplitude**of dy/dt.Each section then vibrates, and its

**amplitude**goes through all its values in time given by 21rUT/A =2r, or T =A/U, and the frequency is U/A.AdvertisementMethods of measuring the

**amplitude**in sound waves in air have been devised and will be described later.Further, the same harmonics with the same

**amplitude**will always be present.The

**amplitude**of the fork was observed when the sound just ceased to be audible at 27.4 metres away, and the rate of energy emission from the resonator was calculated to be 42 .The result was an

**amplitude**of 1.27 X 107 cm.This rate of loss for each

**amplitude**was determined (i) when the fork was vibrating alone, and (2) when a resonator was placed with its mouth under the free ends of the fork.AdvertisementIf th' maximum pressure change is determined, the

**amplitude**is given by equation (20), viz.When the plate vibrated the mirror was vibrated about the fixed edge, and the image of a reflected slit was broadened out into a band, the broadening giving the

**amplitude**of vibration of the plate.The

**amplitude**in the pipe was certainly much greater than in the issuing waves.For minimum audible sounds Wien found a somewhat smaller value of the

**amplitude**than Rayleigh.Now the

**amplitude**evidently corresponds to the loudness, and the length of period corresponds to the pitch or frequency.AdvertisementThe effects due to each of these rings are equal in

**amplitude**and of phase ranging uniformly over half a complete period.The

**amplitude**is thus subject to fluctuations, which increase as the shadow is approached.They are connected with the ocean by narrow straits, the salinity of the water contained in them differs in a marked degree from that of the ocean, and the tidal waves are of small

**amplitude**.Half the total excursion is called the

**amplitude**.We may say here that the energy or the intensity of the sound of given wave-length is proportional to the square of the

**amplitude**.AdvertisementThe formation of beats may be illustrated by considering the disturbance at any point due to two trains of waves of equal

**amplitude**a and of nearly equal frequencies n, n2.Moreover, a tendency to

**amplitude**of language may be noticed here and there in some of the more concise narratives.Lord Kelvin assumed as a superior limit of k, the ratio of

**amplitude**to wave-length, the value io 2, which is a very safe limit.In creased length necessitated an increase in the diameter of the main tube to limit the

**amplitude**of the vibrations caused by being pushed through the water.The dotted boundary curves have the equation 0 =omx, and show the rate of diminution of the

**amplitude**of the temperature oscillation with depth in the metal.AdvertisementThe rate of diminution of

**amplitude**expressed by the coefficient a in the index of the exponential is here greater than the coefficient b expressing the retardation of phase by a small term depending on the emissivity h.Now if a be the

**amplitude**expressed in millimetres, and t the period expressed in seconds, then the maximum velocity of an earth particle as it vibrates to and fro equals 27ra/t, whilst the maximum acceleration equals 4,r 2 0 2.Neither of them seemed to recognize anything as important except pitch and

**amplitude**, and Reis thought the**amplitude**was to some extent obtained by the varying length of contact in the transmitting instrument.In mechanics, the

**amplitude**of a wave is the maximum ordinate.The maximum particle velocity is 21rna (where n is the frequency and a the

**amplitude**), or 27raU/X.Another important result of the investigation was that the phase of vibration of the fork was not altered by bowing it, the

**amplitude**alone changing.The maximum height of the curve HM =a is the

**amplitude**.In the other, the waves produce a measurable effect on a vibrating system of the same frequency, and the

**amplitude**in the waves can be deduced.The

**amplitude**found by the other observers was of the same order.If we measure the time from an instant at which the two are in the same phase the resultant disturbance is y=a sin i t+a sin 27rn2t =2a cos ir(n i - n 2)t sin ir(nl-t-n2)t, which may be regarded as a harmonic disturbance of frequency (ni+n2)/2 but with

**amplitude**2a cos 7r(n i - n 2)t slowly varying with the time.Taking the squares of the

**amplitude**to represent the intensity or loudness of the sound which would be heard by an ear at the point, this is 4a 2 cos t ir(ni - n2)t =2a 2 {1 -cos 27r(n l - n2)t}, a value which ranges between o and 4a 2 with frequency .n1 - n2.If, instead of considering one point in a succession of instants, we consider a succession of points along the line of propagation at the same instant, we evidently have waves of

**amplitude**varying from 2a down to o, and then up to 2a again in distance U/(ni - n2).Formerly it was generally supposed that the Tartini tone was due to the beats themselves, that the mere variation in the

**amplitude**was equivalent, as far as the ear is concerned, to a superposition on the two original tones of a smooth sine displacement of the same periodicity as that variation.Let us suppose that with constant excess of pressure, p, in the wind-chest, the

**amplitude**produced is proportional to the pressure, so that the two tones issuing may be represented by pa sin 27-nit and pb sin 21rn 2 t.It thus appears that if the

**amplitude**of vibration could be as much as 1 o_2 of the wave-length, the aether would be an excessively rare medium with very slight elasticity; and yet it would be capable of transmitting the supply of solar energy on which all terrestrial activity depends.As the waves were propagated downwards through the soil the

**amplitude**rapidly i ??.?To illustrate the main features of the calculation, we may suppose that the surface is subject to a simple-harmonic cycle of temperature variation, so that the temperature at any time t is given by an equation of the form 0 - 0 0 = Asin 27rnt= A sin 27rt/T, (5) where 0 0 is the mean temperature of the surface, A the

**amplitude**of the cycle, n the frequency, and T the period.In this simple case the temperature cycle at a depth x is a precisely similar curve of the same period, but with the

**amplitude**reduced in the proportion rn ', and the phase retarded by the fraction mx/27r of a cycle.Although by compounding corresponding portions of the diagrams given by instruments of this type, it is possible to determine the range and direction of the movement of which they are the resolved parts, their chief value is that they enable us to measure with ease the extent of any vibration, half of which is called its

**amplitude**, and the time taken to make any complete back-and-forth movement, or its period.The numbers correspond to an

**amplitude**of 10 centimetres and a period of two seconds.This may be described as a simple harmonic oscillation whose

**amplitude**diminishes asymptotically to zero according to the law ehlr.If the friction be comparatively slight the

**amplitude**is greatest when the imposed period coincides with the free period, being then equal to f/kei, and therefore very great compnred with that due to a slowly varying force of the same average intensity.The abnormal

**amplitude**is greater, and is restricted to a narrower range of frequency, the smaller the friction.The amplitudes of oscilla Ia tion of the various particles have definite ratios to one another, and the phases are in agreement, the absolute

**amplitude**(depending on C) and the phase-constant () being alone arbitrary.If the friction be small the

**amplitude**becomes relatively very great if the imposed period approximate to a free period.The

**amplitude**of this part of his attire enables the Persian to sit without discomfort on his heels; chairs are only used by the rich, great or Europeanized.This is a simple harmonic wave-line, whose mean distance from the axis is a, whose wave-length is lira, and whose

**amplitude**is c. The internal pressure corresponding to this unduloid is as before p = T/a.Thus the length of the continuous portion necessarily depends upon the character of the disturbances in respect of

**amplitude**and wave-length.The gradually increasing

**amplitude**of the.In front of this is a double series of stationary waves, the gravitation waves forming a series increasing in wave-length with their distance in front of the body, and the surface-tension waves or ripples diminishing in wave-length with their distance from the body, and both sets of waves rapidly diminishing in

**amplitude**with their distance from the body.When a system vibrating in a free period of its own encounters, say through the medium of an enveloping aether, a second system having a different free period, and sets it in vibration, the

**amplitude**of the second vibration is inconsiderable, except when the periods approach equality.In "frilling" or "frilled structure" the folds have still smaller

**amplitude**, and in many highly corrugated rocks minute folds are observable with the microscope that do not appear to the unaided eye.He had the style of his subjects; the

**amplitude**, the weightiness, the laboriousness, the sense, the high flight, the grandeur, proper to a man dealing with imperial themes, with the fortunes of great societies, with the sacredness of law, the freedom of nations, the justice of rulers.Sieger has traced a series of isobasic lines, or lines of equal rate of elevation, for portions of Sweden and Finland; these indicate that the movement is now almost nil along the axial lines of the Baltic and the Gulf of Finland, but increases in

**amplitude**northwards to the Gulf of Bothnia and in the direction of the main ridge of the massif of southern Sweden.Beneath these layers are masses of salter water, through which a thermal wave of small

**amplitude**is slowly propagated to the bottom by conduction.The intensities of the incident, reflected and refracted streams are then measured in the same way, and we have merely to express that the square of the

**amplitude**of the incident vibrations is equal to the sum of the squares of the amplitudes of the reflected and refracted vibrations.E is the normalized structure

**amplitude**, SIGE is its standard deviation.The default value is 1/3 the value of the largest observed structure

**amplitude**, Fo, which is printed on each run.The displacement

**amplitude**at the resonance frequency with increasing applied voltage does not increase linearly.By redefining the zero of time the voltage

**amplitude**can always be made real.This modulation technique is called quadrature

**amplitude**modulation (QAM ).Hodes [52] found a decrement of the compound muscle action potential

**amplitude**on repetitive stimulation in patients with previous paralytic polio.At the higher-frequency end, a sharp drop-off in

**amplitude**was found when going from a 15- to 8-year forcing period.The third component contains the same

**amplitude**and rate, but is now a real exponential.Envelope

**amplitude**modulation occurs in cochlear filtered speech because of unresolved harmonics.In contrast to other optical methods of the detection of Shear force interactions the fiber interferometer enables to measure the tip

**amplitude**oscillation.All these data have been taken as sets of different intermediate frequency (IF)

**amplitude**modulation of the RF carriers.Use the complex

**amplitude**to calculate a quantity proportional to the measured irradiance.The light scattering irradiance for spheres is calculated using the equation, 1.0 where is the scattering

**amplitude**function given by [2] .This includes probe linearity to pulse modulated and

**amplitude**modulated signals, spherical isotropy, and spatial resolution.Specimens were tested under constant

**amplitude**loading at room temperature in laboratory air.The laser beam is being

**amplitude**modulated by the signal generator.Some radios may have a setting marked AM (

**amplitude**modulation ).Classical novae are seen to erupt once, and the

**amplitude**of the outburst is the largest among CVs.The final probability of an event is then obtained by the sum of the squares of the two numbers describing the resultant probability

**amplitude**.As to weather, expect increasingly turbulent storms of greater strength and

**amplitude**.The probe is optimized for

**amplitude**and bandwidth, in order to present small scale surface undulations of a high spatial frequency to users.Holfmann, from observations on the

**amplitude**of saturation currents, deduce q =4 as a mean value.The

**amplitude**of the signals can be varied in several ways, either by a shunt across the electromagnet, or by altering the tension of the controlling springs or by altering the air gap between electromagnets and armatures.It was seen that the effect of the impact of the incident electric waves upon the vertical receiving wire was to create in it electrical oscillations, or in other words, high frequency alternating electric currents, such that whilst the potential variations were a maximum at the top or insulated end of the antenna the current at that point was zero and at the base the potential variation was zero and the current

**amplitude**a maximum.This has been achieved by employing a microphone transmitter at the sending end to vary the

**amplitude**but not the wave-length of the emitted waves, and at the receiving end using an electrolytic receiver, which proves to be not merely a qualitative but also a quantitative instrument, to make these variations audible on a telephone.Now 2 area 17r=2Xr; so that, in order to reconcile the

**amplitude**of the primary wave (taken as unity) with the half effect of the first zone, the**amplitude**, at distance r, of the secondary wave emitted from the element of area dS must be taken to be dS/Xr (1) By this expression, in conjunction with the quarter-period acceleration of phase, the law of the secondary wave is determined.That the

**amplitude**of the secondary wave should vary as r1 was to be expected from considerations respecting energy; but the occurrence of the factor A1, and the acceleration of phase, have sometimes been regarded as mysterious.An even greater effect (fourfold) can be attained by providing that the stoppage of the light from the alternate zones is replaced by a phase-reversal without loss of

**amplitude**.The fact that the other components have phases differing from this by amounts ranging between tam 2 r/(a+d) causes the resultant

**amplitude**to be less than for the central image (where there is complete phase agreement).Hence, in accordance with the rule for compounding vector quantities, the resultant vibration at B, due to any finite part of the primary wave, is represented in

**amplitude**and phase by the chord joining the extremities of the corresponding arc (U2-0.1).The three characteristics of a longitudinal periodic disturbance are its

**amplitude**, the length after which it repeats itself, and its form, which may be represented by the shape of the displacement curve.But it is very difficult to suppose that the same sensation would be aroused by a truly periodic displacement represented by a smooth curve, and a displacement in which the period is only in the

**amplitude**of the to-and-fro motion, and which is represented by a jagged curve.A receiver coil can be used to detect the

**amplitude**of this magnetic field.This causes the semiannual variation of the

**amplitude**of ionospheric equatorial anomaly through fountain effect.In an

**amplitude**plot, you see the actual**amplitude**of sine components.The waveform

**amplitude**envelope provides useful perceptual information to listeners.Guitar Hero is a rhthym game from Harmonix, the makers of Frequency and

**Amplitude**.Just when you were getting tired of moving your feet to the music, Harmonix, the company behind the fantastic Frequency and

**Amplitude**, brings you Guitar Hero, a rhythm game that features, you guessed it, playing a guitar.Games such as Frequency and

**Amplitude**, for example, allow you to play along to popular rock songs while gliding along multi-colored tracks.An EEG returns normal results when brain waves have normal frequency and

**amplitude**and other characteristics are typical.The type of nystagmus can accurately be determined by eye movement recordings, which map direction, frequency, null point, and

**amplitude**of the nystagmus.Except at Karasjok, where the diurnal changes seem somewhat irregular, the relative

**amplitude**of the 12-hour term is considerably greater in summer than in winter.When electric oscillations are set up in an open or closed electric circuit having capacity and inductance, and left to themselves, they die away in

**amplitude**, either because they dissipate their energy as heat in overcoming the resistance of the circuit, or because they radiate it by imparting wave motion to the surrounding ether.When this is the case the

**amplitude**of the potential difference of the surfaces of the tubular condenser becomes a maximum, and this is indicated by connecting a vacuum tube filled with neon to the surfaces of the condenser.The hyperbolic or Gudermannian

**amplitude**of the quantity x is ta n (sinh x).If the two forks have the same frequency, it is easily seen that the figure will be an ellipse (including as limiting cases, depending on relative

**amplitude**and phase, a circle and a straight line).V i brat i ons thus excited are termed forced vibrations, and their

**amplitude**is greater the more nearly the period of the applied force approaches that of the system when vibrating freely.The energy of this fork with a given

**amplitude**of vibration could be calculated from its dimensions and elasticity, and the**amplitude**was observed by measuring with a microscope the line into which the image of a starch grain on the prong was drawn by the vibration.In consequence, the change in the

**amplitude**of the fluctuation through the seven-year period is not so well marked as before 190o.The result, if considered alone, inevitably leads to an underestimate of the average

**amplitude**of the regular diurnal variation.The pitch of a musical sound depends on the number of cycles passed through by the fluctuations of the pressure per unit of time; the loudness depends on the amount or the

**amplitude**of the fluctuation in each cycle; the quality depends on the form or the nature of the fluctuation in each cycle.We have now to consider the

**amplitude**due to a single element, which we may conveniently regard as composed of a transparent part a bounded by two opaque parts of width id.Further, the greater the dissipation of energy the less is the prominence of the

**amplitude**of vibration for exact coincidence over the**amplitude**when the periods are not quite the same, though it is still the greatest for coincidence.The component vibrations at P due to the successive zones are thus nearly equal in

**amplitude**and opposite in phase (the phase of each corresponding to that of the infinitesimal circle midway between the boundaries), and the series which we have to sum is one in which the terms are alternately opposite in sign and, while at first nearly constant in numerical magnitude, gradually diminish to zero.If on the other hand the number of zones be odd, the effects conspire; and the illumination (proportional to the square of the

**amplitude**) is four times as great as if there were no obstruction at all.The

**amplitude**of the light at any point in the axis, when plane waves are incident perpendicularly upon an annular aperture, is, as above, cos k(at-r 1)-cos k(at-r 2) =2 sin kat sin k(r1-r2), r2, r i being the distances of the outer and inner boundaries from the point in question.The utility of the curve depends upon the fact that the elements of arc represent, in

**amplitude**and phase, the component vibrations due to the corresponding portions of the primary wave-front.In algebra, if a be a real positive quantity and w a root of unity, then a is the

**amplitude**of the product aw.