Nowhere in the Old Testament does the doctrine taught by Amos of Yahweh's universal power and sovereignty 1 Viz.
The hill of Samaria is separated from the surrounding mountains (Amos iii.
alike (Amos viii.
Amos Lawrence >>
11-17), Amos denounced the nonethical ceremonial formalism of his countrymen which then prevailed (chap. v.
I dated Amos Croft when I was a girl.
In the meantime the Six Nations (in 1768) had repudiated their sale of the region to the Susquehanna Company and had sold it to the Penns; the Penns had erected here the manors of Stoke and Sunbury, the government of Pennsylvania had commissioned Charles Stewart, Amos Ogden and others to lay out these manors, and they had arrived and taken possession of the block-house and huts at Mill Creek in January 1769.
Harper, Amos and Hosea (Internat.
Both these documents are considered to have originated in the Northern kingdom, Israel, where also in the 8th century appeared the prophets Amos and Hosea.
But their bishop, John Amos Comenius (1592-1672), held them together.
13; Amos viii.
" Amos and Hosea," p. 222).
27); Amos viii.
The existence of the purer and larger conception of Yahweh's character and power before the advent of Amos indicates that the transition from the past was not so sudden as Wellhausen's graphic portrayal in the 9th edition of this Encyclopaedia (art.
This was precisely what was happening among the northern states, and Amos foresaw that this might eventually be Israel's doom.
This problem of religion was solved by Amos and by the prophets who succeeded him through a more exalted conception of Yahweh and His sphere of working, which tended to detach Him from His limited realm as a national deity.
Amos exhibited Him to his countrymen as lord of the universe, who made the seven stars and Orion and turns the deep midnight darkness into morning.
But Amos went beyond this.
Sacrifice, as this prophet, like his successor Jeremiah, insisted (Amos v.
In Isaiah both aspects - divine universal sovereignty and justice, taught by Amos, and divine loving-kindness to Israel and God's claims on His people's allegiance, taught by Hosea - are fully expressed.
The religion of the Hebrew race - properly the Jews - now enters on a new stage, for it should be observed that it was Amos, Isaiah and Micah - prophets of Judah - who laid the actual foundations.
Unlike Amos and Micah, Isaiah was not only the prophet of denunciation but also the prophet of hope.
It is not to be supposed that either Amos or Isaiah would have countenanced the total suppression of all sacrificial observance.
This involved an entire reconstruction of theological ideas which went beyond even the reconstructions of Amos and Isaiah.
It is the necessary corollary to the teaching of Amos, that God is the righteous lord of all the world.
The Deutero-Isaiah closes a great prophetic succession, which begins with Amos, continues in Isaiah in even greater splendour with the added elements of hope and Messianic expectation, and receives further accession in Jeremiah with his special teaching on inward spiritual and personal religion which constituted the new covenant of divine grace.
It is, of course, true that the ethical conception of sin as violation of righteousness and an act of rebellion against the divine righteous will had been developed since the days of Amos and Isaiah; but, as we have already observed, cultus and prophetic teaching were separated by an immense gulf, and in spite of the reformation of 621 B.C. still remain separated.
Harper,, Amos and Hosea, p. xli.
Alten Orients 2, p. 527), and though David's skill referred to in Amos vi.
Alexander M`Leod boasted in November 1840 that he was one of a Canadian party who, on the 29th of December 1837, had captured and burned a small American steamboat, the "Caroline," and in the course of the attack had shot Amos Durfee.
29-31, Amos vii.
In September 1831 the party at a national convention in Baltimore nominated as its candidates for the presidency and vice-presidency William Wirt of Maryland and Amos Ellmaker (1787-1851) of Pennsylvania; and in the election of the following year it secured the seven electoral votes of the state of Vermont.
9, Amos v.
12); Amos (iv.
12) that occur in late prophetical writings (Amos ix.
on the Mississippi river, Cypress and Amos Bayou in Arkansas, forming part of the general system which extends through other states, moo m.
Mention is also made of a work by Clement on the Prophet Amos, and another on Definitions.
274), and also in the Old Testament (Amos v.
There are cogent reasons for placing Joel either earlier or later than the great series of prophets extending from the time when Amos first proclaimed the approach of the Assyrian down to the Babylonian exile.
But it is further obvious that Joel has no part in the internal struggle between spiritual Yahweh-worship and idolatry which occupied all the prophets from Amos to the captivity.
The purity of the style is also urged, and a comparison of Amos i.
16), and Amos ix.
18), has been taken as proving that Amos knew our book.
These were recent events in the time of Joash, and in like manner the Phoenician slave trade in Jewish children is carried back to an early date by the reference in Amos i.
In the time of Amos the slaves collected by Philistines and Tyr'ans were sold en masse to Edom, and presumably went to Egypt or Arabia,.
The fertility of the land shall be such as was long ago predicted in Amos ix.
The other physical features of the great day, the darkening of the lights of heaven, are a standing figure of the prophets from Amos v.
Driver, Joel and Amos (1897).
Presumably therefore his social rank was far above that of Amos and Micah; certainly the high degree of rhetorical skill displayed in his discourses implies a long course of literary discipline, not improbably in the school of some older prophet (Amos vii.
4 - stern denunciations which remind us somewhat of Amos.
In Amos vi.
The predictions of these chapters have no affinity either with the prophecy of Amos, Hosea and Isaiah, or with that of Jeremiah.
were ascribed to a contemporary of Amos and Hosea, about the middle of the 8th century B.C., because Ephraim is mentioned as well as Judah, and Assyria along with Egypt (x.
in the same way as in Amos i.
But in Lent his celebrated sermons upon Amos were delivered in the duomo, and again he urged the necessity of reforming the church, striving by ingenious arguments to reconcile rebellion against Alexander with unalterable fidelity to the Holy See.
But neither Elijah nor Elisha raised a voice against the cult; then, as later, in the time of Amos, it was nominally Yahweh-worship, and Hosea is the first to regard it as the fundamental cause of Israel's misery.
The same form of the name (probably pronounced Uvasu) occurs in the Syrian version of the canon of Ptolemy by Elias of Nisibis (Amos).
But whether this is the Gilgal spoken of by Amos and Hosea in connexion with Bethel is by no means certain [see (3) below].
It may have absorbed the old shrine of Shiloh and been the sanctuary famous in the days of Amos and Hosea.
This may have been Amos's Gilgal and was almost certainly that of r Mace.
Woolcard machinery destined to revolutionize the industry was devised by Amos Whittemore (1759-1828) in 1 797; spinning jennies were in operation under water-power before 1815.
- Biblical tradition, too, has recognized the Philistines as immigrants from Caphtor (Amos ix.
Gaza and Edom against Judah in Amos i.
4, Amos ix.
AMOS BRONSON ALCOTT (1799-1888), American education alist and writer, born on Spindle Hill, in the town of Wolcott, New Haven county, Connecticut, on the 29th of November 1799.
AMOS, in the Bible, an Israelitish prophet of the 8th century B.C. He was a native of Tekoa, i.e.
It is true, the Tekoa just mentioned lies too high for sycomores; so it has been almost too ingeniously supposed that Amos may have owned a plantation of sycomores in the hill country leading down to Philistia, technically called the Shephelah (R.
Amos, it appears, though himself a Judahite, had been prophesying in the northern kingdom, when his activity was brought to an abrupt close by the head priest of the royal sanctuary at Bethel, Amaziah, who bade him escape to the land of Judah and get his living there.
The reply of Amos is full of instruction.
(See Jeremiah.) But what had Amos said that appeared so dangerous to the head priest ?
21-23), or else, judged from Amos's purified point of view, are absolutely immoral (ii.
On the details of the captivity Amos preserves a mysterious vagueness.
And it is perhaps not arbitrary to suppose that the splendour of the ritual in Amos's time implies a tremulous anxiety that Israel's seeming prosperity under Jeroboam II.
For Amos cannot have been quite alone either in Israel or in Judah; there must have been a little flock of those who felt with Amos that there was small reason indeed to "desire the day of Yahweh" (v.
But why did Amos so emphatically decline to be called a prophet ?
The literary skill of Amos leads one to suppose that he had prepared in advance for this, perhaps we may say, not altogether unfortunate necessity.
That there are many hard problems connected with the fascinating book of Amos cannot be denied.
For instance, how came Amos to transfer himself to northern Israel ?
The text of Hosea may be in a much worse condition, but a keen scrutiny discloses many an uncertainty, not to say impossibility, in the traditional form of Amos.
This arrangement, however, is probably not due to Amos himself, or to his immediate disciples, but to some later redactor.
A number of passages seem to have been inserted subsequently to the time of Amos, on which see Ency.
Bib., " Amos," and the introduction to Robertson Smith's Prophets of Israel (2), though in some cases the final decision will have to be preceded by a more thorough examination of the traditional text.
English readers are now well supplied with books on Amos.
Sheldon Amos >>
In 1820-23 he sent out at his own expense i Professors Amos Eaton (1776-1842) and Edward Hitchcock to make extensive surveys, results of which were published as An Agricultural and Geological Survey of the District adjoining the Erie Canal (Albany, 1824).
8; Amos ii.
11; Amos ii.
4 seq.), and from the allusion in Amos we are led to suppose that at one time the Nazarites had an importance - perhaps even an organization - parallel to that of the prophets, but of a very different religious type from the Canaanite nature-worship.
Harper, Amos and Hosea, p. li.
Beginning with Amos and Hosea, they form a series which was not completed till more than three centuries had passed away.
The two earliest of the Minor Prophets, Amos and Hosea, prophesied in the northern kingdom, at about 760 and 740 B.C. respectively; both foresaw the approaching ruin of northern Israel at the hands of the Assyrians, which took place in fact when Sargon took Samaria in 722 B.C.; and both did their best to stir their people to better things.
There is little noticeable in Hobbes' dating of the prophets, though he considers it " not apparent " whether Amos wrote, as well as composed, his prophecy, or whether Jeremiah and the other prophets of the time of Josiah and Ezekiel, Daniel, Haggai and Zechariah, who lived in the captivity, edited the prophecies ascribed to them.
Amos) and the discourse after the reading of the lesson from the prophets in Luke iv.
But, as the history goes on, the prophet stands out more acid more as the typical organ of revelation, the type of the man who is Yahweh's intimate, sharing His secrets (Amos iii.
22), and ministering to Israel the gracious guidance which distinguishes it from all other nations (Amos ii.
The full development of this view seems to lie between the time of Elijah and that of Amos and Hosea - under the dynasty of Jehu, when prophecy, as represented by Elisha and Jonah, stood in the fullest harmony with the patriotic efforts of the age.
It has always been the evil fate of the Hebrews to destroy their own highest ideals by attempting to translate them into set forms, and the ideal of a prophetic guidance of the nation of Yahweh could not have been more effectually neutralized than by committing its realization to the kind of state Church of professional prophets, "eating bread" by their trade (Amos vii.
The rise and progress of the new school of prophecy, ' beginning with Amos and continued in the succession of canonical prophets, which broke through this religious stagnation, is Amos discussed in the article Hebrew Religion; for from Amos, and still more from Isaiah downwards, the Successors.
From this time, moreover, the prophets appear as authors; and their books, preserved in the Old Testament, form the subject of special articles (Amos, Hosea, &c.).
Amos disclaimed all connexion with the mere professional prophets, and in this he was followed by his successors.
Amos still has frequent visions cf a more or less enigmatic character, as Micaiah had, but there is little trace of this in the great prophets after him.
3), and first-fruits were sometimes paid to a man of God; but the successors of Amos share his contempt for those who traded on their oracles (Mic. iii.
Amos and his successors accepted the old ideal of prophecy if they disowned the class which pretended to embody it.
Till Amos (with the solitary exception of Micaiah ben Imlah, in i Kings xxii.) prophecy was optimist - even Elijah, if he denounced the destruction of a dynasty and the annihilation of all who had bowed the knee to Baal, never doubted of the future of the nation when only the faithful remained; but the new prophecy is pessimist - it knows that Israel is rotten to the core, and that the whole fabric of society must be dissolved before reconstruction is possible.
This of course is only the broadest possible statement of a position which undergoes many modifications in the hands of individual seers, but on the whole governs all prophecy from Amos to Jeremiah.
That this is so appears most clearly in the fact that with Amos the prophecy of restoration appears only in a few verses at the end of his book, and in the still more instructive fact that neither he nor Hosea attempts to explain how the restoration which they accept as a postulate of faith is to be historically realized.
Wellhausen, Nowack, Marti and Harper, as well as others, have denied the genuineness of the concluding verses in Amos, viz.
In the older literature of the Hebrews, the nearest approach to the thought of Amos and Hosea is not Gen.
We have already seen how Amos and Hosea put this (supra, p. zoii), and it does not appear that they were introducing a conception of prophecy formally novel - the new thing was their conception of Yahweh's purpose.
From the time of Amos downwards the prophets spoke mainly at great historical crises, when events were moving fast and a few years were often sufficient to show that they were right and their opponents wrong in their reading of the signs of the times.
To the prophet himself it comes with imperious force: it constrains him to speak (Amos iii.
6), till in the decadence of the northern state Amos (ix.
vii., where 1 Most recent critics regard Amos ix.
Most critics recognize in the obscure word d'meseq or d'mesheq, Amos iii.
The actual centre was formed by the Homoii, who only spoke generally of a likeness (6,uotorns) of the Son to the Father; to the left of them were the Anomoii, who, with Arius, held the Son to be unlike WO Amos) the Father; to the right, the Homoiousians who, taking as their catchword " likeness of nature " (6Aot6rrls ear' ou61av), thought that they could preserve the religious content of the Nicene formula without having to adopt the formula itself.
In Amos i.
The city is the seat of Lawrence college (changed from university in 1908), an interdenominational (originally a Methodist Episcopal) co-educational institution, founded in 1847 as the Lawrence Institute of Wisconsin and named in honour of Amos Adams Lawrence (1814-1886) of Boston, son of Amos Lawrence, and giver of $io,000 for the founding of the Institute.
Amos mentions it in connexion with the shrines of Bethel and Gilgal (Amos v.
In the 8th century the term "tithe" was used in Israel of religious dues (Amos iv.
Solutions were furnished by Wallis, Huygens, Wren and others; and Pascal published his own in the form of letters from Amos Dettonville (his assumed name as challenger) to Pierre de Carcavy.
6-8) has found many adherents, but an earlier period, about 750 B.C. (time of Amos and Hosea), is often held to satisfy the main conditions; the former, however, is probably nearer the mark.
as Amos stood to his contemporaries, whose whole religion lay in the observance of sacred feasts.
on Amos and Hosea, pp. 58-64 (on the position of the Decalogue in early pre-prophetic religion of Israel); C. A.
31, as well as Amos v.
Amos in the "International Critical Comment."
This silence may be due in part to a current opinion that women were more hedged in and guarded by social arrangements and less exposed to temptation than men; but it is chiefly the result of the fact that the Old Testament (like most ancient and modern works on practical ethics) addresses itself almost exclusively to men (certain classes of women are denounced in Amos iv.
Harper (Amos and Hosea, 1905, p. liv.) observes: "Every year since the work of W.
It may perhaps be no mere chance that with the dynasties of Omri and Jehu the historical continuity is more firm, that older forms of prophetical narrative are preserved (the times from Ahab to Jehu), and that to the reign of the great Jeroboam (first half of the 8th century), the canonical writers have ascribed the earliest of the extant prophetical writings (Amos and Hosea).
omits "to Kir," but see Amos i.
COMENIUS (or [[Komensky), Johann Amos]] (1592-1671), a famous writer on education, and the last bishop of the old church of the Moravian and Bohemian Brethren, was born at Comna, or, according to another account, at Niwnitz, in Moravia, of poor parents belonging to the sect of the Moravian Brethren.
Lewis (1784-1866), Amos Kendall and Duff Green, the last named being editor of the United States Telegraph, the organ of the administration.
Benton, Edward Livingston, Amos Kendall, and the southern statesmen, found material for strong attacks on the Whigs.
Amos Kendall's Life (New York, 1843) is incomplete, extending only to 1814.
Republican 1890 Amos W.
God would not deliver Israel because it was his people, descended from Abraham, his chosen, but he would punish it even more severely than the other nations because it denied him by its sins (Amos iii.
It is part of a quotation from Amos v.
Among his numerous works are commentaries on Joel and Amos (1897); Deuteronomy (1902); Daniel (1901);(1901); Genesis (1909); the Minor Prophets, Nahum to Malachi (1905); Job (1905); Jeremiah (1906); Leviticus (1894 Hebrew text, 1898 trans.
Indirectly connected with the experiment, also, as visitors for longer or shorter periods but never as regular members, were Emerson, Amos Bronson Alcott, Orestes A.
33; Amos i.
Lawrence, named in honour of Amos A.
The greatest writer of the brotherhood is John Amos Komensky or Comenius (1592-1670).
Before publishing his results he proposed these problems for public competition in 1658 under the assumed name of Amos Dettonville.
Still, some adherents of the old Israelitish moral and religious standards must have survived, only they were not to be found in the chief places of concourse, but as a rule in coteries which handed on the traditions of Amos and Isaiah in sorrowful retirement.
According to Duhm there are many passages in which metre (see also Amos) may also be a factor in our critical conclusions.
The restoration of the old borders of Israel and the conquest of Edom and the Philistines are ideas as old as Amos ix., Isa.
3) is treated (a) ethically, as a day of judgment upon sin and pride (Amos v.
The replacing of the sequel of Amos (q.v.) by one which presupposes a later historical background, the addendum to the prophecy against Moab (Isa.
Amos Bronson Alcott >>
He removed to Kentucky, graduated at Transylvania University in 1811, took to journalism, and for some time edited Amos Kendall's paper, the Argus, at Frankfort.
In Amos, Hosea and Isaiah there are no traces of D's ideas, whereas in Jeremiah and Ezekiel their influence is everywhere manifest.
South of Hebron lay Beersheba, an important centre and place of pilgrimage, with a special numen by whom oaths were taken (Amos viii.
may be supplemented by the original writings of Amos and Hosea.
2 There appears to be an allusion in Amos vi.
batting lineup, E C & B skipper Amos decided to insert the opposition.
Then on Monday we had the bombshell from Lady Amos, Leader in the Lords.
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, and the Psalmist have a kindred burthen for Edom.
Amos is a real charmer, there's no denying that, setting up the perfect mood for his fairly straightforward autobiographical story.
The 55 mile team consisted of Mark Owen, Judith Baxter, Rachel Stephens, Nicola Beeby, Matthew Amos and Iain Telford.
Prof Carl L Amos Research interests: Quaternary stratigraphy, marine technology, placer genesis and sedimentology.
Amos stood at the critical juncture between two cultures.
Despite having a strong batting lineup, E C & B skipper Amos decided to insert the opposition.
Details of article Assessing what factors affect marmosets breeding success by Sharyn Amos.
He differs from Amos, however, in being more deeply in sympathy with the sufferings of the oppressed peasantry.
TCPA Director Gideon Amos today urged planners to be ambitious in their pursuit of renewable energy.
worshipping idols is a dangerous thing, as the words Stephen quotes from the prophet Amos show.
The finer mind of the nation, represented mainly by the prophets from Amos onward, had denounced unsparingly the superficial non-moral popular cult.
Both were days of cessation from business (Amos viii.
When, therefore, the supreme God is called by the name Af3pava or A0paas, which contains the numerical value 365, it is worthy of remark that the name of the Persian god Mithras (Mciepas) also was known in antiquity to contain this numerical value (Jerome in Amos 3; Opp. Vallarsi VI.
On the other hand, times of war against a foreign foe meant on the religious side the unification, partial or complete, of the i The allusion in Amos ii.
We have taken due note of Amos, who unfolded the character of Yahweh as universal righteous sovereign; and also the sublime portrayal of His exalted nature in Isa.
to his Commentary on Amos and Hosea (I.
The impression left by the horrors of the age is clear from the allusions to the barbarities committed by Damascus and its Ammonite allies upon Gilead (Amos i.
and Uzziah that the first of the extant prophecies begin (see Amos and Hosea).
Gaza in fact was a slave emporium as early as the time of Amos (i.
We may say, upon the whole, with Duhm, that Isaiah represents a synthesis of Amos and Hosea, though not without important additions of his own.
of great wars against Philistines, Arabians and Meunim, of building operations in Jerusalem (probably after the attack by Joash), and of political and social reforms. The prosperity which Judah enjoyed during this period (middle of 8th century) is illustrated by the writings of Amos and by the earliest prophecies of Isaiah (e.g.
10.4) records the tradition that on the occasion of his transgression the land was shaken by the terrible earthquake to which Amos i.
Micah resembles Amos, both in his country origin, and in his general character, which expresses itself in strong emphasis on the ethical side of religion.
"Isaac" is used as a synonym for "Israel" by Amos (vii.
Driver's Joel and Amos (see JoEL) (1897) and G.
Harper's Amos and Hosea (see HosEA) (1905) gives the cream of all the good things that have been said before, with a generally sound judgment; it is addressed to advanced students, and is perhaps less cautious than the two former.
By emphasizing the purely moral character of Yahweh's demands from Israel, by teaching that the mere payment of service and worship at Yahweh's shrines did not entitle Israel's sins to be treated one whit more lightly than the sins of other nations, and by enforcing these doctrines through the conception that the approach of the all-destroying empire, before which Israel must fall equally with all its neighbours, was the proof of Yahweh's impartial righteousness, they gave for the first time a really broad and fruitful conception of the moral government of the whole earth by the one true God.1 It is impossible to read the books of the older prophets, and especially of their protagonist Amos, without seeing that the new thing which they are compelled to speak is not Yahweh's grace but His inexorable and righteous wrath.
20), and hostile to Moab (comp. above, and the obscure allusion in Amos ii.
His maternal grandfather, Johann Amos Comenius (d.
To the prophets Hosea and Amos the cultus of Bethel was superstitious and immoral, even though it was Yahweh himself who was worshipped there (see Bethel).
Rejecting God and worshipping idols is a dangerous thing, as the words Stephen quotes from the prophet Amos show.
Early versions of the group included musicians Monroe, Cleo Davis, fiddlers Art Wooten and Tommy Magness, bass players Amos Garren and Bill Wesbrooks, and singer/guitarist Clyde Moody.
Quirky piano pop - that's really what Tori Amos' music is, but it is her bitingly sarcastic and insightful lyrics that have won her legions of devoted fans around the world.
Any Tori Amos biography usually starts with the name she was born with, which is Myra Ellen Amos.
Tori Amos was born on August 22, 1963 and at the age of two began learning the piano.
By the age of ten, Tori Amos was composing instrumentals and writing lyrics.
When she was five, Amos received a scholarship to the Peabody Conservatory of Music and was the youngest person ever to be enrolled.
Named after her experiences at the Peabody Conservatory, Y Kant Tori Read, was Tori Amos' attempt at forming a band in 1985.
In 1987, Atlantic Records signed Amos for a six-record contract.
Amos quickly became depressed and embarrassed over the album fiasco.
Tori Amos still needed to fulfill her Atlantic contract so she put together an album of pure piano music.
The record company rejected it at first, but later decided to released Little Earthquakes when Amos went back and revised most of the songs.
The later years of the 1990's and the early years of the new millennium proved tough for Tori Amos, but in the end she came out stronger than before with new material, ready for new endeavors.
In 1996, Tori Amos miscarried three days before Christmas, which sent her into a long depression.
Tori Amos Biography: Interesting Trivia.
Tori Amos' first single was a song called "Baltimore", which was about the Baltimore Orioles.
Amos wrote the introduction to Neil Gaiman's book, Death: The High Cost of Living.
Amos co-founded RAINN, the Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network.
For Amos and Isaiah were able to single out those loftier spiritual and ethical elements which lay implicit in Mosaism and to lift them into their due place of prominence.
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