Amniotic-fluid sentence example

amniotic-fluid
  • There were five deaths due to amniotic fluid embolism (where the fluid enters the mother's circulation ), fewer than previous reports.
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  • Blood contaminated by bowel contents or amniotic fluid from a ruptured uterus should not normally be used.
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  • Natural surfactant can be extracted from animal lungs or human amniotic fluid.
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  • In general, a 10 ml sample of amniotic fluid or a chorionic villus biopsy is required.
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  • Amniotic sac-The membranous sac that contains the fetus and the amniotic fluid during pregnancy.
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  • Testing can also be done by amniocentesis after 16 weeks gestation by removing a small amount of the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby and analyzing the cells in the fluid.
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  • An amniocentesis may be performed in which fetal cells are removed from the amniotic fluid and enzyme activity is measured.
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  • Amniocentesis-A procedure performed at 16-18 weeks of pregnancy in which a needle is inserted through a woman's abdomen into her uterus to draw out a small sample of the amniotic fluid from around the baby for analysis.
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  • The amniotic fluid can be examined for signs of chromosome abnormalities or other genetic diseases.
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  • Oligohydramnios-A reduced amount of amniotic fluid.
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  • Without amniotic fluid to breathe, a baby will have underdeveloped and immature lungs.
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  • Clinicians have suctioning equipment available and may use it during the birth process for nasal and oral suctioning to remove mucus and amniotic fluid.
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  • When a fetus experiences stress, (oxygen deprivation) in utero, it may pass meconium (feces) into the amniotic fluid.
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  • This can cause the urine, which normally flows out into the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus, to back up and injure the kidneys.
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  • As a result the pumping twin has reduced volumes of blood and amniotic fluid and the recipient twin as increased volumes, leading to a variety of problems, including the risk of heart failure in both fetuses.
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  • The damage appears to be caused by leakage of fluid from the spinal cord and exposure of the cord to amniotic fluid.
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  • A narrow tube in placed through a tiny hole in the uterine wall, through which the amniotic fluid is drained and collected in syringes.
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  • Prior to the final stitch the amniotic fluid is re-injected into the uterus.
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  • A tiny hole was made in the bladder of the fetus and a catheter (a long, thin tube) was inserted to drain the urine directly into the amniotic fluid.
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  • For urinary tract obstructions a needle may be used to insert a catheter through the mother's abdomen and uterus and into the fetal bladder where it drains the urine into the amniotic fluid.
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  • The most common treatment for TTTS is amnioreduction in which a syringe through the mother's abdomen is used to remove amniotic fluid from the overfilled sac and place it in the sac of the other twin.
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  • If all of the amniotic fluid is lost, the fetal lungs may not develop properly.
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  • For example, for X-ALD, diagnosis can be made from cultured skin fibroblasts or amniotic fluid cells.
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  • Decreased amniotic fluid (oligohydramnios) is associated with IUGR as the fetus may have a decreased cardiac output and thus decreased renal flow to produce less urine.
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  • This is a procedure in which a physiologic solution (such as normal saline) is infused into the uterine cavity to replace the amniotic fluid.
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  • It is used to relieve cord compression, reduce fetal distress caused by meconium staining, and as a correction of decreased amniotic fluid.
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  • Amniocentesis is a procedure that involves inserting a thin needle into the uterus, into the amniotic sac, and withdrawing a small amount of amniotic fluid.
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  • Genetic material can be extracted from the fetal cells contained in the amniotic fluid and tested for the specific mutation known to cause OI in that family.
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  • It can also be done by amniocentesis after 14 weeks gestation by removing a small amount of the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus and analyzing the cells in the fluid.
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  • During the sampling procedure, the obstetrician inserts a very fine needle through the woman's abdomen into the uterus and amniotic sac and withdraws approximately one ounce of amniotic fluid for testing.
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  • The sample of amniotic fluid is sent to a laboratory where fetal cells contained in the fluid are isolated and grown in order to provide enough genetic material for testing.
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  • For some disorders, like Tay-Sachs, the simple presence of a telltale chemical compound in the amniotic fluid is enough to confirm a diagnosis.
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  • Leaking of amniotic fluid or unusual vaginal discharge, and fever could signal the onset of infection.
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  • Alpha fetoprotein (AFP)-A substance produced by a fetus' liver that can be found in the amniotic fluid and in the mother's blood.
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  • Amniocentesis is a method of withdrawing amniotic fluid from the placenta to allow examination of fetal cell DNA shed into the amniotic fluid, helping to identify genetic mutations.
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  • In addition, a pregnant woman carrying a child with Edwards' syndrome may have an unusually large uterus during pregnancy, due to the presence of extra amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios).
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  • The level of AFP can also be determined by analyzing a sample of amniotic fluid.
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  • By analyzing the amount of AFP found in a blood or amniotic fluid sample, doctors can determine the probability that the fetus is at risk for certain birth defects.
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  • If the tube that becomes the brain and spinal cord does not close correctly during fetal development, AFP may leak through this abnormal opening and enter the amniotic fluid.
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  • This leakage creates abnormally high levels of AFP in amniotic fluid and in maternal blood.
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  • For a fetus, AFP can also be measured in the sample of amniotic fluid taken at the time of amniocentesis.
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  • This can be indicated by the FHR pattern, amniotic fluid status, and fetal movement patterns.
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  • The MBPP is performed in the same manner as the NST with a limited ultrasound (US) performed to assess the amount of amniotic fluid, which is reported as the amniotic fluid index (AFI).
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  • Following the NST, an US is done to observe the amount of amniotic fluid present in four quadrants, which are divided along the umbilicus midline and perpendicular to the midline.
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  • The ultrasonographer/examiner looks for gross fetal movement, i.e., kicking and moving around; fetal tone, i.e., making a fist; breathing movements (which the mother can often perceive as hiccoughs); and amniotic fluid volume.
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  • For the amniocentesis, an US is used to determine an appropriate place to insert a needle and withdraw amniotic fluid for testing.
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  • If premature birth is expected, or there is some condition that calls for delivery as soon as possible, the amount of surfactant in the amniotic fluid will indicate how well the lungs have matured.
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  • If little surfactant is found in an amniotic fluid sample taken by placing a needle in the uterus (amniocentesis), there is a definite risk of RDS.
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  • Barium-enhanced x-ray examination may reveal a dilated esophageal pouch, made larger by the collection of amniotic fluid in the pouch.
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  • The amniotic fluid (the fluid which bathes the unborn baby) may be tested in pregnant women with listeriosis.
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  • For some forms of CAH, prenatal diagnosis is possible through chronic villus sampling in the first trimester and by measuring certain hormones in the amniotic fluid during the second trimester.
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  • Fetal assessment includes percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling (PUBS) (cordocentesis), amniocentesis, amniotic fluid analysis, and ultrasound.
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  • Following that, serial ultrasounds and amniotic fluid analysis should be done to follow fetal progress.
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  • Complications are indicated by high levels of bilirubin in the amniotic fluid or baby's blood or if the ultrasound reveals hydrops fetalis.
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  • If bilirubin levels in amniotic fluid remain normal, the pregnancy can be allowed to continue to term and spontaneous labor.
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  • These chemicals can be found in the amniotic fluid very early in the pregnancy of a woman who smokes.
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  • Around week 27, your baby is covered in vernix, a creamy white substance that protects your baby from the amniotic fluid.
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  • Vernix coats your baby and helps protect his/her skin from amniotic fluid.
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  • During pregnancy the baby floats in a liquid called amniotic fluid.
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  • The membranes which surround the baby and hold in the amniotic fluid will rupture, releasing a trickle or a gush of fluid.
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  • Drinking plenty of fluids during pregnancy helps provide amniotic fluid for your baby and flush excess wastes from your body.
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  • In addition, alcohol takes longer to clear from amniotic fluid (the fluid that surrounds the baby), so the baby may feel the effects longer than you do.
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  • Fluids - drinking at least 8 glasses of water, milk, 100 percent fruit or vegetable juices each day is necessary to maintain the right amount of amniotic fluid around your baby.
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  • The procedure involves a long slim needle being passed through the abdomen of the pregnant woman to the uterus where amniotic fluid is carefully drawn from the amniotic sac.
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  • There also can be slight leakage of amniotic fluid or minimal blood loss, but providing that the woman rests for a few hours afterwards and avoids strenuous activity for 24 hours afterwards, this can be kept to a minimum.
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  • There are rare occasions when there may be problems performing the test and these situations usually involve an inability to obtain the necessary amniotic fluid.
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  • An amnio is performed by a trained physician who inserts a long needle in the abdomen and draws out some of the amniotic fluid that fills the sac.
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  • The needle extracts a small amount of amniotic fluid out of the sac surrounding the baby.
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  • After your test is performed, the amniotic fluid is sent to a lab.
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  • Ultrasounds may be performed as well, and babies who are in a breech position may be assessed for size relative to the amount of amniotic fluid.
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