However, since children do not always show symptoms of amblyopia, it is important to get their eyes examined at or before the age of three and no later than age five, while the disorder is more easily treated.
All children should have a complete eye examination at least once between age three and five to avoid the risk of allowing unsuspected amblyopia to go beyond the age where it can be treated successfully.
Unless it is treated successfully in early childhood, amblyopia usually persists into adulthood and is the most frequent cause of monocular (one eye) visual impairment among children.
The prevalence of amblyopia is difficult to assess, with estimates ranging from 1.0 to 3.5 percent in healthy children to 4.0 to 5.3 percent in children with other vision problems.
A drop of a drug called atropine is placed in the stronger eye once a day to temporarily blur the vision so that the child will prefer to use the eye with amblyopia.
In the case of moderate amblyopia, two hours of daily patching for four months gave the same benefit as six hours of daily patching for the same period of time.
It is vital that parents bring their child for an eye exam sometime between the ages of three and five to prevent amblyopia from becoming untreatable.
It is important that any anisometropia and refractive problems be treated initially, because sometimes amblyopia can be resolved with glasses alone.
Occulsion therapy-A type of treatment for amblyopia in which the good eye is patched for a period of time, thus forcing the use of the weaker eye.
Amblyopia and some loss of hearing also occurred, as well as mental failure.