Both of them laughed as Alfred started the car.
Everybody would like to see Alfred Nota locked up but nobody has been able to make anything stick.
Mustache was Alfred Nota, from Boston, and tic-face was Homer Flanders, from Philadelphia.
Dean reached in the car, pointing, scarcely an inch from a bulge beneath Alfred's shoulder, causing him to pull away.
Alfred turned, a smile on his face but a sneer in his voice.
"We don't know no guys named Wassermann," answered Alfred.
Dean was certain the driver was Alfred Nota, one of the men he'd hassled at Vinnie Baratto's place.
If Alfred Nota in his blue Ford was really interested in following Dean, why had the con taken off like a scared rabbit as soon as Dean showed up?
Suppose Alfred Nota and his pal Homer's break-in at Collingswood Avenue was just a cover-up and their true mission was to plant a listening device.
After him the chief power north of the Tyne came into the hands of a certain Eadulf of Bamburgh, who did not take the kingly title, but accepted the overlordship of Alfred the Great perhaps in 886.
Alfred de Musset was introduced, and the two natures leapt together as by elective affinity.
Trotter, Warren Hastings (" Rulers of India" series) (1890); Sir Alfred Lyall, Warren Hastings (" English Men of Action" series) (1889); F.
Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Alfred Fleckeisen >>
His eldest son, Eilhard Ernst Gustav, born at Berlin on the 1st of August 1852, became professor of physics at Erlangen in 1886, and his younger son, Alfred, born at Berlin on the 18th of July 1856, was appointed to the extraordinary professorship of Egyptology at Bonn in 1892.
Going to Trinity College, Cambridge, he graduated as senior wrangler in 1865, and obtained the first Smith's prize of the year, the second being gained by Professor Alfred Marshall.
Madden, Lives of the United Irishmen (7 vols., London, 1842); Alfred Webb, Compendium of Irish Biography (Dublin, 1878); W.
Thus from a document of uncertain date, possibly about the time of Alfred the Great, and translated by Stubbs (Select Charters) as "Of people's ranks and laws," we learn:--"And if a ceorl throve, so that he had fully five hides of his own land, church and kitchen, bellhouse and burh-gate-seat, and special duty in the king's hall, then was he thenceforth of thegn-right worthy."
ALFRED JULES EMILE FOUILLIEE (1838-), French philosopher, was born at La Poueze on the r 8th of October 1838.
ALFRED VON REUMONT (1808-1887), German scholar and diplomatist, the son of Gerhard Reumont (1765-1829), was born on the 15th of August 1808 and was named Alfred after the English king, Alfred the Great.
Huffer, Alfred von Reumont (Cologne, 1904); and the same writer's article in the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, Band xxviii.
Louis Charles Alfred De Musset >>
In 868 the Mercian king appealed to Ã†thelred and Alfred for assistance against the Danes, who were in possession of Nottingham.
Alfred the Great, king of the Salons in England, not only educated his people in the learning of the past ages; he inserted in the geographical works he translated many narratives of the travel of his own time.
Alfred Ainger >>
In the reign of Alfred the abbey was destroyed by the Danes, but it was restored by Edred, and an imposing list of possessions in the Domesday survey evidences recovered prosperity.
Alfred Langdon Elwyn has edited Letters by Washington, Adams, Jefferson and Others, Written During and After the Revolution, to John Langdon of New Hampshire (Philadelphia, 1880), a book of great interest and value.
Alfred Gilpin Jones >>
Alfred Sisley >>
To Offa is ascribed by Asser, in his life of Alfred, the great fortifications against the Welsh which is still known as "Offa's dike."
i.; Asser, Life of Alfred, ed.
Among others Asser, the instructor of Alfred the Great, and Robert Grosseteste, bishop of Lincoln, commented on it.
Alfred translated it into Anglo-Saxon.
King Alfred's Anglo-Saxon version of the De Consolatione, with literal English translation, notes and glossary, was published by S.
Rusden, History of New Zealand (1895); Alfred Saunders, History of New Zealand (1896); James Cowan, The Maoris of New Zealand (1909).
After the death of Ragnar LObrok's sons East Anglia was occupied by the Danish king Guthrum, who made a treaty with Alfred settling their respective boundaries, probably about 880.
ALFRED ARNETH, Ritter voN (1819-1897), Austrian historian, born at Vienna on the 10th of July 1819, was the son of Joseph Calasanza von Arneth (1791-1863), a well-known historian and archaeologist, who wrote a history of the Austrian empire (Vienna, 18 27) and several works on numismatics.
Alfred Arneth studied law, and became an official of the Austrian state archives, of which in 1868 he was appointed keeper.
Hare, Experimental Investigations of the Spirit Manifestations (New York, 1856); Allan Kardec, Livre des esprits (1st ed., 1853); Mrs De Morgan, From Matter to Spirit (London, 1863), with preface by Professor De Morgan; Alfred Russel Wallace, Miracles and Modern Spiritualism (1876); W.
Montefiore), in literature (Israel Zangwill and Alfred Sutro), in art (S.
ANTOINE AGENOR ALFRED GRAMONT, Duc DE, Duc DE Guiche, Prince De Bidache (1819-1880), French diplomatist and statesman, was born at Paris on the 14th of August 1819, of one of the most illustrious families of the old noblesse, a cadet branch of the viscounts of Aure, which took its name from the seigniory of Gramont in Navarre.
"ALFRED GEORGE EDWARDS (1848-), first Archbishop of Wales, was born at Llanymawddwy Nov.
After the expulsion of King Otho in 1862, the Greek nation, by a plebiscite, elected the British prince, Alfred, duke of Edinburgh (subsequently duke of Coburg), to the vacant throne, and on his refusal the national assembly requested Great Britain to nominate a candidate.
Alfred Russel Wallace >>
Another edition of his Poetical Works (1899) has a preface and bibliography by Alfred Wallis, and a complete edition of his poems by C. E.
AETHELFLAED (Ethelfleda), the "Lady of the Mercians," the eldest child of Alfred the Great, was educated with her brother Edward at her father's court.
886), she was married to 'Ethelred, earl of Mercia, to whom Alfred entrusted the control of Mercia.
ALFRED AUSTIN (1835-), English poet-laureate, was born at Headingley, near Leeds, on the 30th of May 1835.
Seymour as The Great Frenchman and the Little (xenevese (1904); Louise Colet, La Jeunesse de Mirabeau (1841); and Alfred Begis, Mirabeau, son interdiction judiciaire (1895).
The most useful modern books are Louis and Charles de Lomenie, Les Mirabeau (5 vols., 1878 and 1889); Alfred Stern, Das Leben Mirabeaus (1889).
Leloir, Mirabeau a Pontarlier (1886); Ferdinand Schwartz, Mirabeau and Marie Antoinette (Basel, 1891); and Alfred Mezieres, Vie de Mirabeau (1892).
See also the Fragments inidits de critique sur Pierre et Thomas Corneille of Alfred de Vigny, published in 1905.
Its duties are shown by the preamble to the laws of Ine, king of Wessex, and 200 years later by the preamble to those of Alfred the Great, while several similar cases could be instanced.
Ine legislates "with the counsel and with the teaching of Cenred my father and of Hedde my bishop, and of Eorcenwald my bishop, with all my ealdormen and the most distinguished witan of my people" (Stubbs, Select Charters), and Alfred issues his code of laws "with the counsel and consent of his witan."
Having made terms with Alfred, they broke the conditions and returned to Cambridge.
Wehofer, Die Apologie Justins des Philosophen and Mdrtyrers in litterarhistorischer Beziehung zum ersten Male untersucht (1897); Alfred Leonhard Feder, Justins des Mdrtyrers Lehre von Jesus Christus (1906).
1876), daughter of Alfred, duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was dissolved in 1901.
A free abridged translation by King Alfred is still extant (Old English text, with original in Latin, edited by H.
The connexion lasted during the 9th century; kings like Alfred of England and Louis of Germany sent contributions to Jerusalem, while the Church of Jerusalem acquired estates in the West.
When Lord (then Sir Alfred) Milner visited Basutoland in 1898, on his way to Bloemfontein, he was received by 15,000 mounted Basuto.
high; the town hall, including the free public library, from designs by Alfred Waterhouse, R.A., the gift of Mr J.
More than half the nomenclature of the map is derived from Orosius, an annotated Anglo-Saxon version of which had been produced by King Alfred (871-901).
ALFRED MILNER MILNER, VISCOUNT (1854-), British statesman and colonial administrator, was born at Bonn on the 23rd of March 1854, the only son of Charles Milner, M.D., whose wife was a daughter of Major-General Ready, sometime governor of the Isle of Man.
Alfred Milner was educated first at Tubingen, then at King's College, London, and under Jowett as a scholar of Balliol College, Oxford, from 1872 to 1876.
Sir Alfred Milner remained at the Board of Inland Revenue until 1897.
Sir Alfred Milner reached the Cape in May 1897, and after the difficulties with President Kruger over the Aliens' Law had been patched up he was free by August to make himself personally acquainted with the country and peoples before deciding on the lines of policy to be adopted.
He left South Africa while the economic crisis was still acute and at a time when the voice of the critic was audible everywhere; but, in the words of the colonial secretary (Mr Alfred Lyttelton) he had in the eight eventful years of his administration "laid deep and strong the foundation upon which a united South Africa would arise to become one of the great states of the empire."
Alfred Mouton, Whig..
Expeditions of Sibley in 1863, and General Alfred Sully (1821-1879) in 1864, eventually drove the hostile Indians beyond the Missouri and terminated the war, which in two years had cost upwards of a thousand lives of settlers and volunteers.
In 1769 his tragedy of The Fatal Discovery had a run of nine nights; Alonzo also (1773) had fair success in the representation; but his last tragedy, Alfred (1778), was so coolly received that he gave up writing for the stage.
An earthwork known as Castle Rough, in the marshes below Milton, was probably the work of Hasten the Dane in 892, and Bayford Castle, a mile distant, occupies the site of one said to have been built in opposition by King Alfred, Tong Castle is about 2 m.
"ALFRED DEAKIN (1856-1919), Australian statesman, was born at Melbourne Aug.
ALFRED FIRMIN LOISY (1857-), French Catholic theologian, was born at Ambrieres in French Lorraine of parents who, descended from a long line of resident peasantry, tilled there the soil themselves.
After the revolution in Greece and the disappearance of King Otho, the people most earnestly desired to have Queen Victoria's second son, Prince Alfred, for their king.
of Flanders, who traced her descent in the female line from Alfred the Great.
There are numerous other and smaller parks, of which the chief are Wentworth Park laid out on the site of Blackwattle Swamp, Prince Alfred Park, Belmore Park and Victoria Park adjoining the university grounds.
The newly acquired territory was named Alfred county in memory of a visit paid to Natal by Prince Alfred (afterwards duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha).
So suspicious had the ministry become of the nature of the military preparations that were being made by the Boers, that in May 1899 they communicated their apprehensions to the High Commissioner, Sir Alfred Milner, who telegraphed on the 25th of May to Mr Chamberlain, informing him that Natal was uneasy.
He was the son of Alfred Conkling (1789-1874), who was a representative in Congress from New York in 1821-1823, a Federal district judge in 1825-1852, and U.S. minister to Mexico in 1852-1853.
They induced Alfred Beit, who was an old personal friend of Rhodes, and also largely interested in the Rand gold mines, to lend his co-operation.
In 1897 he was succeeded in the high commissionership by Sir Alfred Milner.
Six days before Sir Alfred Milner had telegraphed to London a summary of the situation, comparing the position of the Uitlanders to that of helots and declaring the case for intervention to be overwhelming.
Alfred Milner to meet President Kruger at Bloemfontein, hoping to be able to exert pressure on both parties and to arrange a settlement as favourable as possible to Bioem- the Transvaal.
He offered, it is true, a seven years' franchise law in place of the five years' franchise which Sir Alfred Milner asked for.
Sir Alfred Milner urged the home government strongly to insist upon a minimum of reform, and primarily the five years' franchise; and Mr Chamberlain, backed by the cabinet, adopted the policy of the high commissioner.
President Kruger had every expectation of large reinforcements from the Dutch in the two British colonies; he believed that, whatever happened, Europe would not allow Boer independence to be destroyed; and he had assured himself of the adhesion of the Orange Free State, though it was not till the very last moment that President Steyn formally notified Sir Alfred Milner of this fact.
Lord Roberts held the post of administrator of the colony until his departure for England in December following, when he was succeeded by Sir Alfred Milner, the high commissioner.
Mr Alfred Lyttelton (who had succeeded Mr Chamberlain as secretary of state for the colonies) endeavoured to meet the wishes of the Transvaal by sanctioning legislation which would greatly restrict the immigration of Indians, but he would allow 1 A careful summary of the facts regarding the shortage of labour and of the economic situation in the Transvaal at that time, together with the debates in the legislative council, will be found in The Annual Register for 1903, from the pen of Mr H.
In the preface to the first volume he regrets that except for Alfred's translations Englishmen had no means of learning the true doctrine as expounded by the Latin fathers.
See Alfred Beesley, History of Banbury (London, 1841).
In 1875 his " Warrior Bearing a Wounded Youth from the Field of Battle " gained the gold medal at the Royal Academy schools, and when exhibited in 1876 it divided public attention with the "Tennyson " of Woolner and " Wellington monument " sculptures of Alfred Stevens, now in St Paul's Cathedral.
Among the sculptor's principal statues are " The Bishop of Carlisle " (1895; Carlisle Cathedral), " General Charles Gordon " (Trafalgar Square, London), " Oliver Cromwell " (Westminster), " Dean Colet " (a bronze group - early Italianate in feeling - outside St Paul's School, Hammersmith), " King Alfred " (a colossal memorial for Winchester), the " Gladstone Monument " (in the Strand, London) and " Dr Mandell Creighton, Bishop of London " (bronze, erected in St Paul's Cathedral).
Hucher, Le Grand Saint Graal; Paulin Paris, Romans de la Table Ronde; Alfred Nutt, Studies in the Legend of the Holy Grail.
La Chute d'un ange, in which the Byronic influence is more obvious than in any other of Lamartine's works, and in which some have also seen that of Alfred de Vigny, is more ambitious in theme, and less regulated by scrupulous conditions of delicacy in handling, than most of its author's poetry.
C. Donders (1818-1889), Alfred von Grafe (1830-1899) and others.
In 871 the chronicler affirms that Alfred fought nine great battles against the Danes in the kingdom south of the Thames, and that the West Saxons made peace with them.
Then, as the chronicler writes, " all the Angle race turned to him (Alfred) that were not in bondage of the Danish men."
Studies on the Place occupied by London in English Institutions (1907); Alfred B.
He had been the favourite of his grandfather Alfred, and was brought up in the household of his aunt Ethelflaed, the "Lady of the Mercians."
England had been freed from its greatest danger since the days of the struggle of Alfred against Guthrum.
To the first division belong the laws of the Kentish kings, IEthelberht, Hlothhere and Eadric, Withraed; those of Ine of Wessex, of Alfred, Edward the Elder, lEthelstan,l Edmund, Edgar, 2Ethelred and Canute; the treaty between Alfred and Guthrum and the so-called treaty between Edward and Guthrum.
On the other hand, from Withraed's and Alfred's laws downwards, the element of enactment by central authority becomes more and more prominent.
Practically the entire code of 7Ethelberht, for instance, is a tariff of fines for crimes, and the same subject continues to occupy a great place in the laws of Hlothhere and Eadric, Ine and Alfred, whereas it appears only occasionally in the treaties with the Danes, the laws of Withraed, Edward the Elder, lEthelstan, Edgar, Edmund and Ethelred.
In subsequent history there is a good deal of resemblance between the capitularies' legislation of Charlemagne and his successors on one hand, the acts of Alfred, Edward the Elder, ZEthelstan and Edgar on the other, a resemblance called forth less by direct borrowing of Frankish institutions than by the similarity of political problems and condition.
Malet Lambert, Two Thousand Years of Gild Life (Hull, 1891); Alfred Doren, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Kaufmannsgilden (Leipzig, 1893); H.
ALFRED, a village in the township of Alfred, Allegany county, New York, U.S.A., about 75 m.
The township is served, at Alfred station, by the Erie railway.
On the west slope of Pine Hill is Alfred University (co-educational), which embraces a college (non-sectarian), an academy (non-sectarian) and a theological seminary (Seventh-Day Baptist).
This developed into an academy, which in 1843 was incorporated as Alfred Academy and Teachers' Seminary; in 1857 the university was chartered under its present name.
The township of Alfred lies within the territory purchased by Robert Morris in 1791.
Their agent sold most of it to settlers and, it is said, named the township, when it was organized in 1806, in honour of Alfred the Great.
The village of Alfred was chartered in 1887.
Minard, Allegany County and its People (Alfred, 1896).
Alfred Austin >>
Famous heroes who are specially connected with England are Alfred the Great, Richard Cceur-de-Lion, King Horn, Havelok the Dane, Guy of Warwick, Sir Bevis of Hampton (or Southampton), Robin Hood and his companions.
Burnside, „ Seth Padelford, Henry Howard, Henry Lippitt, „ Charles C. Van Zandt, „ Alfred H.
ALFRED TENNYSON, 1ST BARON TENNYSON, (1809-1892), English poet, was born at Somersby, Lincolnshire, on the 6th of August 1809.
In 1827 Frederick Tennyson (1807-1898), the eldest surviving brother, uniting with his younger brothers Charles and Alfred, published at Louth an anonymous collection of Poems by Two Brothers.
The "two" were Charles and Alfred (whose contributions predominated), and who shared the surprising profits, X20.
On the 10th February 1828 Charles and Alfred matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where Frederick was already a student.
They were shy, and made at first few friends; but they gradually gathered selected associates around them, and Alfred grew to be looked up to in Cambridge "as to a great poet and an elder brother" by a group which included Richard Chenevix Trench, Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton), James Spedding, W.
In June 1829 Alfred Tennyson won the Chancellor's prize medal for his poem called "Timbuctoo."
This was a very happy time, and one of great physical development on Alfred's part.
Alfred was from this time more and more frequently a visitor in London.
G.) Alfred, Lord Tennyson: a Memoir (1897), by Hallam, second Baron Tennyson, is the authoritative source for the poet's biography.
C. Bradley; Canon Rawnsley's Memories of the Tennysons (1900); Alfred Tennyson (1901), by Mr Andrew Lang; an essay on "The Mission of Tennyson" in Mr W.
C. von Hahn as the Aryan Expulsion and Return formula, which counts among its representatives such heroes as Perseus, Cyrus, Romulus and Remus, Siegfried, and, as Alfred Nutt has pointed out, Arthur himself.
Peredur will be found in Alfred Nutt's edition of the Mabinogion (1902).
In 1855 his second son, Prince Alfred, had been declared heir to the duchy, and he succeeded his uncle in 1893.
The National Review (1883), edited successively by Alfred Austin, W.
In 1906 Alfred Beit bequeathed £200,000 towards the cost of erecting and equipping university buildings.
Alfred Maury, Les Reves et le sommeil).
Alfred Barry >>
Eissler, Cyanide Process for the Extraction of Gold, which pays particular attention to the Witwatersrand methods; Alfred James, Cyanide Practice; H.
Antoine Eugene Alfred Chanzy >>
He was charged with heterodoxy, and Alfred 0111vant (1798-1882), bishop of Llandaff, required him to resign his chaplaincy, but he remained at the college in spite of these difficulties.
TIRPITZ, ALFRED VON (1849-), German admiral and politician, was born at Kiistrin March Iq 1849.
Of the highest importance are the letters from the archives of Vienna published by Alfred von Arneth and others: A.
Alfred Stevens (Sculptor) >>
In the area enclosed are the Victoria basin, covering 64 acres, the;Alfred basin of 82 acres, a graving dock 529 ft.
1899) after his death by his brother Alfred Geiger, who also published a number of his scattered papers as Zur Entwickelung der Menschheit (1871, 2nd ed.
"ALFRED EMANUEL SMITH (1873-), American politician, was born in New York City, Dec. 30 1873.
Alfred Holland Smith >>
Thus we find Alfred the Great translating the homilies of Bede; and in a similar manner arose iElfric's Anglo-Saxon Homilies and the German Homiliarium of Ottfried of Weissenburg.
About the year 870 Essex passed into the hands of the Danes and was left to them by the treaty between Alfred and Guthrum.
Alfred, Count Waldersee >>
- FOr applications of the prismoidal formula, see Alfred Lodge, Mensuration for Senior Students (1895).
Columbia University and Cornell University (q.v.), are: Union University (1795, non-sectarian), at Schenectady; Hamilton College (1812, non-sectarian), at Clinton; Colgate University (1819, non-sectarian), at Hamilton; Hobart College (1822, non-sectarian), at Geneva: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (1824, non-sectarian), at Troy; New York University (1832, non-sectarian), in New York City; Alfred University (1836, non-sectarian), at Alfred; Fordham University (1841, Roman Catholic), in New York City; College of St Francis Xavier (1847, Roman Catholic), in New York City; College of the City of New York (1849, city); University of Rochester (1850, Baptist), at Rochester; Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (1854, non-sectarian), at Brooklyn; Niagara University (1856, Roman Catholic), at Niagara Falls; St Lawrence University (1858, non-sectarian), at Canton; St Bonaventure's College (1859, Roman Catholic), at St Bonaventure; St Stephen's College (1860, Protestant Episcopal), at Annandale; Manhattan College (1863, Roman Catholic), at New York City; St John's College (1870, Roman Catholic), at Brooklyn; Canisius College (1870, Roman Catholic), at Buffalo; Syracuse University (1871, Methodist Episcopal), at Syracuse; Adelphi College (1896, non-sectarian), at Brooklyn; and Clarkson School of Technology (1896, non-sectarian), at Potsdam.
Antoine Francois Alfred Lacroix >>
LOUIS FERDINAND ALFRED MAURY (1817-1892), French scholar, was born at Meaux on the 23rd of March 1817.
In May 1899 President Steyn suggested the conference at Bloemfontein between President Kruger and Sir Alfred Milner, but this act, if it expressed a genuine desire for reconciliation, was too late.
A civil administration of the colony was established early in 1901 with Sir Alfred Milner as, governor.
Treaties and military operations were at first of no avail, but in 1876 the United States government took steps to reduce them to submission, and Generals George Crook (1828-1890), Alfred Howe Terry (1827-1890) and John Gibbon (1827-1896), with 2700 troops (besides the Crow scouts) were sent against the Sioux under Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse and others.
The tsar Nicholas had visited Windsor earlier that year, in which also Prince Alfred, who was to marry the tsar's grand-daughter, was born.
Princess Alice (afterwards grand duchess of Hesse) was born on the 25th of April 1843; Prince Alfred (afterwards duke of Edinburgh and duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha) on the 6th of August 1844; Princess Helena (Princess Christian) on the 25th of May 1846; Princess Louise (duchess of Argyll) on the 18th of March 1848; and Prince Arthur (duke of Connaught) on the 1st of May 1850.
In 1874 Prince Alfred, duke of Edinburgh, married Princess Marie Alexandrovna, only daughter of the tsar Alexander II.
In the following year General Alfred Sully (1821-1879), commanding United States troops, marched up the Missouri river as far as Bismarck, and thence to the valley of the James river.
c. 910), English bishop, and author of a life of Alfred the Great, was a native of the western part of Wales, and was related to Nobis, bishop of St David's.
He became a monk at St David's, and having acquired some reputation for learning, he was invited by King Alfred to his court.
The king met the monk at Denu (probably East or West Dean, near Seaford in Sussex), but Asser did not at once accept the invitation of Alfred, and returned to Wales to consult his colleagues.
The scanty details of Asser's life are taken from his biography of Alfred, from which it is inferred that he was acquainted with one or two Frankish biographies, and possibly had visited the continent of Europe.
Asser's work, Annales rerum gestarum Alfredi magni, was written about 893, and consists of a chronicle of English history from 849 to 887, and an account of Alfred's life, largely drawn from personal knowledge, down to 887.
Stevenson, Introduction to Asser's Life of King Alfred (Oxford, 1904); R.
Farringford House in the parish was for some time the home of Alfred, Lord Tennyson, who is commemorated by a tablet in All Saints' church and by a great cross on the high downs above the town.
ALFRED DOMETT (1811-1887), British colonial statesman and poet, was born at Camberwell Grove, Surrey, on the 20th of May 1811.
In England the 9th century closes with Alfred, who, with the aid of the Welsh monk, Asser, produced a series of free translations from Latin texts, including Boethius and Orosius and Bede, and the Cura Pastoralis of Gregory the Great.
It goes back to the time of King Alfred, who seems to have frequently used the title rex Anglorum Saxonum or rex Angul-Saxonum.
It is generally believed to have arisen from the final union of the various kingdoms under Alfred in 886.
At all events the term Angli Saxones seems to have first come into use on the continent, where we find it, nearly a century before Alfred's time, in the writings of Paulus Diaconus (Paul the Deacon).
Stevenson, Asser's Life of King Alfred (Oxford, 1904, pp. 148 ff.); H.
Alfred Hospital 19.
Other public buildings include the mint, the observatory, the Victoria markets, the Melbourne hospital, the general post office, the homoeopathic hospital, the custom house and the Alfred hospital.
Sclater, Alfred Russel Wallace and others, largely upon the present distribution of animal life, is now encountering through palaeontology a new and fascinating series of problems. In brief, it must connect living distribution with distribution in past time, and develop a system which will be in harmony with the main facts of zoology and palaeontology.
The most comprehensive and up-to-date reference work on the history of geology and palaeontology is Geschichte der Geologie and Paldontologie, by Karl Alfred von Zittel (Munich and Leipzig, 1899), the final life-work of this great authority, translated into English in part by Maria M.
Alfred Bruneau >>
The authorship of this version is doubtful, being by some scholars attributed to King Alfred (d.
1875); Alfred 0111vant (1798-1882), bishop of Llandaff; E.
In the year of his succession a large Danish force landed in East Anglia, and in the year 868 !Ethelred and his brother Alfred went to help Burgred, or Burhred, of Mercia, against this host, but the Mercians soon made peace with their foes.
ALFRED NICOLAS RAMBAUD (1842-1905), French historian, was born at Besancon on the 2nd of July 1842.
Such a theory, like its modern rival of the sun-myth, may of course be pushed till it becomes absurd; yet in India critical observers, like Sir Alfred C. Lyall, attest innumerable examples of the gradual elevation into gods of human beings, the process even beginning in their lifetime.
Close by is the Natural History Museum, in a great building by Alfred Waterhouse, opened as a branch of the British Museum in 1880.
Garneau Is Also Remembered For His Poems, And He Was Followed By His Son Alfred Garneau (1836-1904).
and a fountain in commemoration of Duke Alfred (duke of Edinburgh).
ALFRED GILPIN JONES (1824-1906), Canadian politician, was born at Weymouth, Nova Scotia, in September 1824, the son of Guy C. Jones of Yarmouth, and grandson of a United Empire Loyalist.
Sir Alfred Lewis Jones >>
In the broad market-place is a great statue of King Alfred, executed by Count Gleichen and unveiled in 1877; for Wantage is famous as the birthplace of the king in 849.
In July 1859 Senator Alfred Iverson (1798-1874) declared that in the event of the election of a FreeSoil president in 1860 he would favour the establishment of an independent confederacy; later in the same year Governor Brown expressed himself to a similar effect and urged the improvement of the military service.
When the Franco-Prussian War broke out, Gabriel Monod, with his cousins, Alfred and Sarah Monod, organized an ambulance with which he followed the whole campaign, from Sedan to Mans.
He edited the Petite Republique, and was one of the most energetic defenders of Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
His monument, by Alfred Stevens, stands in the nave of the cathedral.
After Butler's removal, Porter, co-operating with Major-General Alfred H.
As to fables, one of the most popular collections in the middle ages was that written by Marie de France, which she claimed to have translated from King Alfred.
"ALFRED VON KIDERLEN-WACHTER (1852-1912), German diplomatist, was born at Stallgast July 10 1852, and was the son of a banker, Robert Kiderlen, who had married Baroness Marie von Wachter.
The Nobel Committee owes its existence to the will of the late Alfred B.
Ripon is said to have been made a royal borough by Alfred the Great, and King lEthelstan, after his victory at Brunanburn in 937, is stated to have granted to the monastery sanctuary, freedom from toll and taxes, and the privilege of holding a court, although both charters attributed to him are known to be spurious.
and the Catalogue of the Alfred Cock collection of books and portraits of or relating to Sir Thomas More which is preserved in the Guildhall Library, London.
Alfred the Great >>
The Danish settlements at the end of the 9th century and the defensive system initiated by King Alfred gave birth to a new series of fortified towns, from which the boroughs of the middle ages are mainly descended.
Their weight was at first unaffected, but probably towards the close of Offa's reign it was raised to about 23 grains, at which standard it seems to have remained, nominally at least, until the time of Alfred.
The foundation of Alfreton is traditionally ascribed to King Alfred.
Alfred Philippe Roll >>
During this critical fortnight the duke had apparently acquiesced in Mr Balfour's compromise, and had co-operated in reconstituting the ministry; his nephew and heir had been made financial secretary to the treasury, while Mr Alfred Lyttelton was appointed colonial secretary, Mr Austen Chamberlain chancellor of the exchequer, Mr Brodrick secretary for India, Mr H.
Alfred William Hunt >>
M.) [[Gerault - Richard, Alfred Leon]] (1860-), French journalist and politician, was born at Bonnetable in the department of Sarthe, of a peasant family.
When William of Malmesbury describes the knighting of Athelstan by his grandfather Alfred the Great, that is, his investiture " with a purple garment set with gems and a Saxon sword with a golden sheath," there is no hint of any religious observance.
Alfred Godsal) and "Sirius" (Lt.
Alfred Godsal in the "Vindictive" and Lt.-Comm.
Mitchell (" Ik Marvel ") was also born here; and Norwich was the home after 1825 of William Alfred Buckingham (1804-1875), war governor of Connecticut.
Alfred Amedee Dodds >>
Alfred Nicolas (1835), by Francois Grandgagnage (179.7-1877), who was a nationalist in the narrowest sense, and regarded the movement as an indefensible invasion of foreign ideas.
A similar division took place on iEthelwulf's death between his two sons iEthelbald and "Ethelberht, but on the death of the former in 858 Ã†thelberht united the whole in his own hands, his younger brothers 'Ethelred and Alfred renouncing their claims. iEthelberht was succeeded in 865 by 'Ethelred, and the latter by Alfred in 871.
Shortly afterwards the kingdom of the Mercians came to an end and their leading earl Ethelred accepted Alfred's overlordship. By 886 Alfred's authority was admitted in all the provinces of England which were not under Danish rule.
502-508 (Hanover, 1866); Asser, Life of King Alfred, edited by W.
Meanwhile mining below the bottom of the pits by means of shalts and underground tunnels had been commenced; but the full development of modern methods dates from the year 1889 when Cecil Rhodes and Alfred Beit, who had already secured control of the De Beers mine, acquired also the control of the Kimberley mine, and shortly afterwards consolidated the entire group in the hands of the De Beers Company.
Aubusson was also the native place of the novelists Leonard Sylvain, Julien Sandeau and Alfred Assollant (1827-1886).
AETHELBERT, king of the West Saxons, succeeded to the sub-kingdom of Kent during the lifetime of his father Ã†thelwulf, and retained it until the death of his elder brother Ã†thelbald in 860, when he became sole king of Wessex and Kent, the younger brothers Ã†thelred and Alfred renouncing their claim.
860, 865; King Alfred's Will; W.
Hardy, Memoirs of Lord Charlemont (London, 1812); Warden Flood, Memoirs of Henry Flood (London, 1838); Francis Plowden, Historical Review of the State of Ireland (London, 1803); Alfred Webb, Compendium of Irish Biography (Dublin, 1878); Sir Jonah Barrington, Rise and Fall of the Irish Nation (London, 18 33); W.
MARIE ALFRED CORNU (1841-1902), French physicist, was born at Orleans on the 6th of March 1841, and after being educated at the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole des Mines, became in 1867 professor of experimental physics in the former institution, where he remained throughout his life.
s For the following statements, the evidence may be found in the article " Ueber die Glaubwiirdigkeit der Armenischen Geschichte des Moses von Khoren," by Alfred von Gutschmid, in the Berichte der phi!.
See Victoria County History, Cheshire; Alfred Ingham, History of Altrinchani and Bowdon (Altrincham, 1879).
Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin-Austen >>
Before the combination of Clericals and Federalists the ministry broke down; they were divided among themselves; Counts Taaffe and Alfred Potocki, the minister of agriculture, wished to conciliate the Slav races - a policy recommended 1 The documents are printed in Baron de Worms, op. cit.
In this, however, the government did not meet them, and in 1882 the Clericals, under Prince Alfred v.
The president was Prince Alfred Windisch-Gratz, grandson of the celebrated general, one of Hohenwart's ablest lieutenants;.
In 1845, at which time there was a flourishing trade in slaves between Cameroon and America, the Baptist Missionary Society made its first settlement on the mainland of Africa, Alfred Saker (1814-1880) obtaining from the Akwa family the site for a mission station.
Underhill, Alfred Saker.
On Blackdown, closely screened by plantations, Aldworth, built for Alfred, Lord Tennyson, who died here i 1892.
The present writer sees no reason to doubt that the idea of a national, as opposed to earlier local chronicles, was inspired by Alfred, who may even have dictated, or at least revised, the entries relating to his own campaigns; while for the earlier parts pre-existing materials, both oral and written, were utilized.
The impulse given by Alfred was continued under Edward, and we have what may be called an official continuation of the history of the Danish wars, which, in B, C, D extends to 915, and in A to 924.
Non-official.Lord Cromer, Modern Egypt (2 vols., 1908), an authoritative record; Alfred (Lord) Milner, England in Egypt, first published in 1892, the story being brotight up to 1904 in the 11th edition; Sir A.
Next in interest are Alfred (Lord) Milners England in Egypt (11th ed., London, 1904), and Sir A.
The wonderful progresspolitical, economical and social which Egypt had made during British occupation, so ably set forth in Sir Alfred Milners England in Egypt (published in 1892), together with the revelation in.
The Danes, the southernmost branch of the Scandinavian family, referred to by Alfred (c. 890) as occupying Jutland, the islands and Scania, were, in 777, strong enough to defy the Frank empire by harbouring its fugitives.
Alfred Ipsen (b.
Alfred Lehmann (b.
In that year Mr Alfred Harmsworth (afterwards Lord Northcliffe) fitted out an expedition in the ship "Windward" under the leadership of Mr F.
ALFRED, or ZELFRED, known as THE GREAT (848-900), king of England, was born in 848 at Wantage, and was the fourth son of King IEthelwulf and his first wife (Osburh).
That, however, could not have been foreseen in 853, as Alfred had three elder brothers living.
In 855 Alfred again went to Rome with his father IEthelwulf, returning towards the end of 856.
During the short reigns of his two eldest brothers, Ã†thelbald and Ã†thelberht, nothing is heard of Alfred.
But with the accession of the third brother Ã†thelred (866) the public life of Alfred begins, and he enters on his great work of delivering England from the Danes.
It is in this reign that Asser applies to Alfred the unique title of secundarius, which seems to indicate a position analogous to that of the Celtic tanist, a recognized successor, closely associated with the reigning prince.
In 868 Alfred married Ealhswith, daughter of Ã†thelred Mucill, who is called ealdorman of the Gaini, an unidentified district.
But at the end of 870 the storm burst; and the year which followed has been rightly called " Alfred's year of battles."
In April Ethelred died, and Alfred succeeded to the whole burden of the contest.
After this peace was made, and for the next five years the Danes were occupied in other parts of England, Alfred merely keeping a force of observation on the frontier.
Here Alfred blockaded them, and a relieving fleet having been scattered by a storm, the Danes had to submit and withdrew to Mercia.
But in January 878 they made a sudden swoop on Chippenham, a royal vill in which Alfred had been keeping his Christmas, " and most of the people they reduced, except the King Alfred, and he with a little band made his way.
The idea that Alfred, during his retreat at Athelney, was a helpless fugitive rests upon the foolish legend of the cakes.
The result was a decisive victory for Alfred.
The measures taken by Alfred to repress this revolt culminated in the capture of London in 885 or 886, and the treaty known as Alfred and Guthrum's peace, whereby the boundaries of the treaty of Wedmore (with which this is often confused) were materially modified in Alfred's favour.
Alfred, 893(894), took up a position whence he could observe both forces.
While he was negotiating with Haesten the Danes at Appledore broke out and struck north-westwards, but were overtaken by Alfred's eldest son, Edward, and defeated in a general engagement at Farnham, and driven to take refuge in Thorney Island in the Hertfordshire Colne, where they were blockaded and ultimately compelled to submit.
Alfred had been on his way to relieve his son at Thorney when he heard that the Northumbrian and East Anglian Danes were besieging Exeter and an unnamed fort on the coast of North Devon.
Alfred at once hurried westwards and raised the siege of Exeter; the fate of the other place is not recorded.
A direct attack on the Danish lines failed, but later in the year Alfred saw a means of obstructing the river so as to prevent the egress of the Danish ships.
The result testifies to the confidence inspired by Alfred's character and generalship, and to the efficacy of the military reforms initiated by him.
After the final dispersal of the Danish invaders Alfred turned his attention to the increase of the navy, and ships were built according to the king's own designs, partly to repress the ravages of the Northumbrian and East Anglian Danes on the coasts of Wessex, partly to prevent the landing of fresh hordes.
There had been earlier naval operations under Alfred.
In the parts of Mercia acquired by Alfred, the shire system seems now to have been introduced for the first time.
This is the one grain of truth in the legend that Alfred was the inventor of shires, hundreds and tithings.
The finances also would need careful attention; but the subject is obscure, and we cannot accept Asser's description of Alfred's appropriation of his revenue as more than an ideal sketch.
Alfred's care for the administration of justice is testified both by history and legend; and the title " protector of the poor " was his by unquestioned right.
Of the action of the witenagemot we do not hear very much under Alfred.
The legislation of Alfred probably belongs to the later part of the reign, after the pressure of the Danes had relaxed.
Asser speaks grandiosely of Alfred's relations with foreign powers, but little definite information is available.
Embassies to Rome conveying the English alms to the pope were fairly frequent; while Alfred's interest in foreign countries is shown by the insertions which he made in his translation of Orosius.
Comparatively early in his reign the South Welsh princes, owing to the pressure on them of North Wales and Mercia, commended themselves to Alfred.
That Alfred sent alms to Irish as well as to continental monasteries may be accepted on Asser's authority; the visit of the three pilgrim " Scots " (i.e.
Irish) to Alfred in 891 is undoubtedly authentic; the story that he himself in his childhood was sent to Ireland to be healed by St Modwenna, though mythical, may point to Alfred's interest in that island.
The history of the church under Alfred is most obscure.
The Danish inroads had told heavily upon it; the monasteries had been special points of attack, and though Alfred founded two or three monasteries and imported foreign monks, there was no general revival of monasticism under him.
To the ruin of learning and education wrought by the Danes, and the practical extinction of the knowledge of Latin even among the clergy, the preface to Alfred's translation of Gregory's Pastoral Care bears eloquent testimony.
In this case the translation was made by Alfred's great friend Werferth, bishop of Worcester, the king merely furnishing a preface.
In this Alfred keeps very close to his original; but the introduction which he prefixed to it is one of the most interesting documents of the reign, or indeed of English history.
In the Orosius, by omissions and additions, Alfred so remodels his original as to produce an almost new work; in the Bede the author's text is closely adhered to, no additions being made, though most of the documents and some other less interesting matters are omitted.
Of late years doubts have been raised as to Alfred's authorship of the Bede translation.
We come now to what is in many ways the most interesting of Alfred's works, his translation of Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy, the most popular philosophical manual of the middle ages.
Here again Alfred deals very freely with his original and though the late Dr G.
Schepss showed that many of the additions to the text are to be traced not to Alfred himself, but to the glosses and commentaries which he used, still there is much in the work which is solely Alfred's and highly characteristic of his genius.
The authorship of the latter has been much disputed; but probably they also are by Alfred.
The last of Alfred's works is one to which he gave the title Blostman, i.
The first half is based mainly on the Soliloquies of St Augustine, the remainder is drawn from various sources, and contains much that is Alfred's own and highly characteristic of him.
Besides these works of Alfred's, the Saxon Chronicle almost certainly, and a Saxon Martyrology, of which fragments only exist, probably owe their inspiration to him.
How Alfred passed to " the life where all things are made clear " we do not know.
Alike for what he did and for what he was, there is none to equal Alfred in the whole line of English sovereigns; and no monarch in history ever deserved more truly the epithet of Great.
The chief original authorities for the reign of Alfred are the so-called Life by Asser (best edition by W.
The above sketch is based mainly on C. Plummer's Life and Times of Alfred the Great (Clar.
Of recent .works mention may be made of Alfred the Great, Chapters on his Life and Times, by various authors, edited by Alfred Bowker (1899); Earle, The Alfred Jewel (Clar.
For the bibliography of Alfred's works in general see Walker, Grundriss zur Gesch.
Alfred Ernest Albert >>
Alfred Sidgwick's logical writings, especially his Distinction (1892) and The Use of Words in Argument (1901), represent an independent development.
Alfred Russel Wallace, the co-discoverer of the Darwinian principles, had sent to Darwin early in 1858 an outline of a theory of the origin of species.
Asser, the biographer of Alfred the Great, states that before the prince was twelve years of age he "was a most expert and active hunter, and excelled in all the branches of that noble art, to which he applied with incessant labour and amazing success."
With his friend Alfred Rambaud he conceived the plan of L'Histoire generale du IV' siecle jusqu'd nos jours, to which, however, he contributed nothing.
Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall >>
There can be little doubt that the story told there of the reconquest of Northern Mercia by Edmund refers to the compact with Anlaf, made as a result of the campaign, and it is probable that Simeon's statement is a wide exaggeration, due in part at least to a confused reminiscence of the earlier pact between Alfred and Guthrum.
It was formerly isolated by marshes and accessible only by boat or artificial causeway, and under these conditions it gained its historical fame as the retreat of King Alfred in 8 8-87 when he was unable to withstand the incursions of the Danes.
There was also found here, in 1693, the celebrated Alfred jewel, bearing his name, and preserved in the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford.
But the position is suddenly recovered by Alfred in 878, by the battle of Aethandune, as suddenly though not so unaccountably as it was later in West Francia.
But the forces which Alfred defeated at Aethandune represented but half of the viking army in England at the time.
Their course was not unchequered; but it was only in Wessex that they met with any effective resistance, and the victory of Ashdown (871) put no end to their advance; for, as we know, Alfred himself had at last wander a fugitive in the fastnesses of Selwood Forest.
A large portion of the Great Army refused to be bound by the peace of Wedmore, made some further attempts on England which were frustrated by Alfred's powerful new-built fleet, and then sailed to the continent and spread devastation far and wide.
Nor was any English king before Alfred stirred up to undertake the same task.
On the abdication of King Otho of Greece in 1862 the Greek people by universal suffrage voted Prince Alfred of England to the throne, and when he declined to accept the Cess crown England was asked to name a successor.
In 1899 relations between the Transvaal and Great Britain had become so strained, by reason of the oppression of the foreign population, that a conference was arranged at Bloemfontein between Sir Alfred (afterwards Lord) Milner, the high commissioner, and President Kruger.
With such a history of apparent success, it is not to be wondered at that the Transvaal president came to Bloemfontein to meet Sir Alfred Milner in no mood for concession.
Every proposition which Sir Alfred Milner made was met by the objection that it threatened the independence of the Transvaal.
Sir Alfred Sharpe, who had served in Nyasaland since 1891 and had been governor since 1897, retired in 1910 and was succeeded (Feb.
During three years he was experimental assistant to Alfred Donne (1801-1878) in his course of lectures on microscopic anatomy.
He was the father of Alfred Landon Rives (1830-1903), an engineer of some prominence, whose daughter, Amelie Rives (1863-), became well known as a novelist, her best known book being The Quick or the Dead?
Omitting many whose occasional designs have had little influence on the development of the metal crafts, we come to Alfred Gilbert, whose influence for a time was scarcely less than that of Stevens himself.
"ALFRED LYTTELTON (1857-1913), English politician, was the youngest child and eighth son of the 4th Lord Lyttelton, a brilliant scholar who had been senior classic at Cambridge.
Alfred, the youngest, was the most famous cricketer of them all.
By family tradition and an idealistic outlook a Liberal, Alfred Lyttelton had always taken a great interest in politics; and he formed one of the party at Dalmeny, when his uncle Gladstone carried his Midlothian campaign to a successful issue in the general election of 1880.
See Edith Lyttelton, Alfred Lyttelton (London, 1917).
The Royal Alfred Observatory is situated at Pamplemousses, on the north-west or dry side of the island.
See Ein Wort der Erinnerung an Albrecht von Grcife (Halle, 1870) by his cousin, Alfred Grafe (1830-1899), also a distinguished ophthalmologist, and the author of Das Sehen der Schielenden (Wiesbaden, 1897); and E.
Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury >>
of Schrader's Keilinschriften and das Alte Testament (Berlin, 1903); Alfred Jeremias, Die babylonisch-assyrischen Vorstellungen von Leben nach dem Tode (Leipzig, 1887); and his Das Alte Testament im Lichte des Alten Orients (2nd ed., Leipzig, 1906-1907); and Babylonisches im Neuen Testament (Leipzig, 1905).
The story that in 882 he was invited to Oxford by Alfred the Great, that he laboured there for many years, became abbot at Malmesbury, and was stabbed to death by his pupils with their "styles," is apparently without any satisfactory foundation, and doubtless refers to some other Johannes.
Shute, A Discourse on Truth (London, 1877); Alfred Sidgwick, Fallacies (London, 1883); The Use of Words in Reasoning (London, 1901); C. Sigwart, Logik (2nd ed., Freiburg-i.-Br.
- Alfred Loisy, The Gospel and the Church (1904); Adolf Harnack, What is Christianity?
In 1878, through the instrumentality of Mr (afterwards Sir) Alfred Dent, the sultan of Sulu was induced to transfer to a syndicate, formed by Baron Overbeck and Mr Dent, all his rights in North Borneo, of which, as has been seen, he had been from time immemorial the overlord.
With the collaboration of Alfred von Arneth, director of the imperial archives at Vienna, he edited the Correspondance secrete entre Marie-Therese et le comte de Mercy-Argenteau (3 vols., 1874), the first account based on trustworthy documents of Marie Antoinette's character, private conduct and policy.
to Banks I., landing near Cape Prince Alfred on June 26 and joining his vessel at Cape Kellett.
Together with the rest of English Mercia it submitted to King Alfred about 877-883 under Earl !Ethelred, who possibly himself belonged to the Hwicce.
Among the works produced for the first time or rehearsed with a view to the furtherance of musical art were Wagner's Tannhduser, Der fliegende Hollander, Das Liebesmahl der Apostel, and Eine Faust Overture, Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini, the Symphonie Fantastique, Harold en Italie, Romeo et Juliette, La Damnation de Faust, and L'Enfance du Christ - the last two conducted by the composer - Schumann's Genoveva, Paradise and the the music to Manfred and to Faust, Weber's Euryanthe, Schubert's Alfonso and Estrella, Raff's Kanig Alfred, Cornelius's Der Barbier von Baghdad and many more.
Sir Alfred C. Lyall, Asiatic Studies, i.
Though the Brahman, who by this time had firmly secured his supremacy over the kshatriya, or noble, in matters spiritual as well as in legislative and administrative functions, would naturally be the prime mover in this regulation of the social 4 Thus, in Berar," there is a strong non-Aryan leaven in the dregs of the agricultural class, derived from the primitive races which have gradually melted down into settled life, and thus become fused with the general community, while these same races are still distinct tribes in the wild tracts of hill and jungle."Sir Alfred C. Lyall, As.
The Brahman holds all nature to be the vesture or cloak of indwelling, divine energy, which inspires everything that produces awe or passes man's understanding "(Sir Alfred C. Lyall, Brahminism).
18 79); Hinduism (London, 1877); Sir Alfred C. Lyall, Asiatic Studies '(2 series, London, 1899); "Hinduism" in Religious Systems of the World (London, 1904); "Brahminism" in Great Religions of the World (New York and London, 1902); W.
Tiverton (Tuyverton, Tovretona) exhibits traces of very early settlement, and is mentioned under the name of Tuyford in the will of King Alfred.
"ALFRED NOYES (1880-), English poet, was born in Staffs., Sept.
In the old English version of Baeda, ascribed to King Alfred, and certainly made by his command if not by himself, it is given in the text.
See authorities under EMMET, ROBERT; also Alfred Webb, Compendium of Irish Biography (Dublin, 1878); C. S.
A castle existed in the time of King Alfred, and at the time of the Conquest it was rebuilt by Roger de Montgomerie, but it was taken from his son, who rebelled against the reigning monarch, Henry I.
The first mention of Arundel (Harundell) comes as early as 877, when it was left by King Alfred in his will to his nephew iEthelm.
In the time of Edward the Confessor the town seems to have consisted of the mill and a fortification or earthwork which was probably thrown up by Alfred as a defence against the Danes; but it had increased in importance before the Conquest, and appears in Domesday as a thriving borough and port.
Like Alfred of Wessex, Rhodri also built a fleet in order to protect Anglesea, " the mother of Wales," so called on account of its extensive cornfields which supplied barren Gwynedd with provisions.
862) was married, though very likely by special papal dispensation; and the married clergy were apparently predominant in Alfred's time.
He began to preach when he was fourteen, and in 1865 entered Richmond College to study for the Wesleyan Methodist ministry under the Rev. Alfred Barrett, one of whose daughters he married in 1873.
Alfred Krupp >>
683-725 (Hanover, 1829); King Alfred's translation of Orosius i.
Karl Alfred Melin (b.
Of these the principal are the Egerton, Morpeth, Morpeth Branch and Wallasey Docks; while the Alfred Dock, with its three entrances, nineteen pairs of lock-gates, 8 acres.
with a low-water basin of about 14 acres and with the Alfred Dock; on the S.E.
Sir Rupert Alfred Kettle >>
He was one of the early and consistent defenders of Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
In ealdorman Alfred's will the testator disposes freely of his bookland estates in favour of his sons and his daughter, but to a son who is not considered as rightful offspring five hides of folkland are left, provided the king consents.
Sir Alfred Milner (see Milner, Viscount), the new high commissioner, took up his duties at the Cape in May 1897.
On the 4th of May 1899 Sir Alfred Milner felt it his duty to report at some length by cable to Mr Chamberlain.
By the middle of 1 9 04 the high commissioner and Mr Alfred Lyttelton, who had become secretary for the colonies, agreed that the work of reconstruction had so far progressed that steps ' This action was on the lines of the commercial federation scheme of Cecil Rhodes, who had died in March 1902.
King Alfred and the chronicler ZEthelweard identified this place with the district which is now called Angel in the province of Schleswig (Slesvig), though it may then have been of greater extent, and this identification agrees very well with the indications given by Bede.
15; King Alfred's version of Orosius, i.
Alfred Grandidier points out that the Portuguese, misled by Marco Polo's description of Mukdishu as an island, fancied they had discovered the land of which he wrote when they touched at Madagascar.
Alfred bequeathed Steyning to his nephew, but it evidently reverted to the Crown, as it was granted by Edward the Confessor to the abbot and convent of Fecamp, with whom it remained until the 15th century.
AETHELWEARD (Ethelward), Anglo-Saxon historian, was the great-grandson of Ethelred, the brother of Alfred, and ealdorman or earl of the western provinces (i.e.
Alfred Cellier >>
On the fall of the government of Count Taaffe, Prince Alfred Windischgratz became prime minister.
ALFRED AINGER (1837-1904), English divine and man of letters, was born in London on the 9th of February 1837, the son of an architect.
But for the pre-Conquest period William had at his disposal the works of Bede, Ado of Vienne and William of Jumieges; one or more English chronicles similar to the extant " Worcester " and ' ` Peterborough " texts; Asser's life of Alfred, and a metrical biography of fEthelstan; the chronicles of S.
ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE (1823-), British naturalist, was born at Usk, in Monmouthshire, on the 8th of January 1823.
He was again minister of war in the Brisson cabinet in July 1898, when he read in the chamber a document which definitely incriminated Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
United States Department of War, Explorations in Alaska, 1869-1900 (Washington, 1901); United States Geological Survey, Annual Reports since 1897 - " The Geography and Geology of Alaska: A Summary of Existing Knowledge," by Alfred H.
12 See Boyd Crumrine (ed.), The History of Washington County, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1882); and Alfred Creigh, The History of Washington County from its First Settlement to the Present Time (Harrisburg, 1871).
See Journal of Captain William Trent (Cincinnati, Ohio,'871),'edited by Alfred T.
The first recorded historical event relating to the town is a victory won here by ZEthelred and Alfred over the Danes in 871.
855 is the year of the Donation of AEthelwulf and of his journey to Rome with Alfred.
See Asser, Life of Alfred (W.
Godalming (Godelminge) belonged to King Alfred, and was a royal manor at the time of Domesday.
Alfred Richard Cecil Selwyn >>
Borda, Compendio de historia de Colombia (Bogota, 1890); Salvador Roldan Camacho, Notas de viaje (Bogota, 1890), and Escritos varios (Bogota, 1892); Dr Alfred Hettner, Reisen in den colombianischen Anden (Leipzig, 1888); Angel Lemos, Compendio de geografia de la Republica de Colombia (Medellin, 1894); Albert Millican, Travels and Adventures of an Orchid Hunter (London, 1891); J.
Segall, Corneille and the Spanish Drama (1902); and the recently discovered and printed Fragments sur Pierre et Thomas Corneille of Alfred de Vigny (1905).
Baldwin II., count of Flanders, who married Elstrud, daughter of Alfred the Great, first fortified it, and made it his chief residence.
At its mouth is Port Alfred.
Knysna, Port Alfred and Port St Johns are minor seaports.
From Port Elizabeth a line (35 m.) runs east to Grahamstown, whence another line (43 m.) goes south-east to Port Alfred at the mouth of the Kowie river.
Another event of considerable commercial importance to the Cape Colony, and indeed to South Africa, was the amalgamation of the diamond-mining companies, chiefly brought about by Cecil Rhodes, Alfred Beit and " Barney " Barnato, in 1889.
In 1897 Sir Alfred Milner was appointed high commissioner of South Africa and governor of Cape Colony, in succession to Sir Hercules Robinson, who had been created a peer under the title of Baron Rosmead in August 1896.
His public expressions of opinion were hostile in tone to the policy pursued by Mr Chamberlain and Sir Alfred Milner.
On the 11th of June 1899, shortly after the Bloemfontein conference, from which Sir Alfred Milner had just returned, Mr Schreiner asked the high commissioner to inform Mr Chamberlain that he and his colleagues agreed in regarding President Kruger's Bloemfontein proposals as " practical, reasonable and a considerable step in the right direction."
He also co-operated with Sir Alfred Milner, and used his influence to restrain the Bond.
On the 28th of October Mr Schreiner signed a proclamation issued by Sir Alfred Milner as high commissioner, declaring the Boer annexations of territory within Cape Colony to be null and void.
In June, Mr Schreiner, whose recent support of Sir Alfred Milner had incensed many of his Bond followers, resigned in consequence of the refusal of some of his colleagues to support the disfranchisement bill which he was prepared, in accordance with the views of the home government, to introduce for the punishment of Cape rebels.
On the 4th of January 1901 Sir Alfred Milner was gazetted governor of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, being shortly afterwards created a peer as Lord Milner, and Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson, governor of Natal, was appointed his successor as governor of the Cape Colony.
Sir Alfred Milner.
Alfred Von Kiderlen-Wachter >>
Alfred Louis Olivier Legrand des Cloizeaux >>
In the meantime the great struggle with Alfred the Great was being carried on.
This peace was finally and definitely ratified in the document known as the peace of Alfred and Guthrum, which is probably to be referred to the year 880.
From this point the boundary is left undefined, perhaps because the kingdoms of Alfred and Guthrum ceased to be conterminous here, though if Northamptonshire was included in the kingdom of Guthrum, as seems likely, the boundary must be carried a few miles along Watling Street.
After an interregnum consequent on the death of Healfdene the kingdom passed in 883 to one Guthred, son of Hardicanute, who ruled till 894, when his realm was taken over by King Alfred, though probably only under a very loose sovereignty.
ALFRED JOSEPH NAQUET (1834-), French chemist and politician, was born at Carpentras (Vaucluse), on the 6th of October 1834.
Matthew Paris speaks of its foundation by the mythical king Rudhudibras, while Asser ascribes it to Alfred, who made his daughter Ethelgeofu the first abbess.
It is probable that a small religious house had existed here before the time of Alfred, and that it and the town were destroyed by the Danes, being both rebuilt about 888.
ALFRED THAYER MAHAN (1840-), American naval officer and historian, was born on the 27th of September 1840 at West Point, New York..
The first view is set forth in the work of Professor Birch-Hirschfeld, the second in that of Mr Alfred Nutt, the two constituting the only travaux d'ensemble which have yet appeared on the subject.
King JEthelred, the third son of ~thelwulf, came out against them, with his young brother Alfred and all the levies of Wessex.
Some were victories notably the fight of Ashdown, where Alfred first won his name as a soldierbut the English failed to capture the fortified camps of the vikings at Reading, and were finally beaten at Marten (Maeretun) near Bedwyn, where ~thelred was mortally wounded.
He left young sons, but the men of Wessex crowned Alfred king, because they needed a grown man to lead them in their Alfred th desperate campaigning.
Alfred employed the four years of peace, which he had bought in 871, in the endeavour to strengthen his realm against the inevitable return of the raiders.
But Alfred blockaded them first in Wareham and then in Exeter.
Yet within a few months of this successful campaign Alfred was attacked at midwinter by the main Danish army under King Guthrum.
after Alfred & Guthrums Peace - Boundary between Alfred &
A few weeks later Alfred had issued from Athelney, had collected a large army in Seiwood, and went out to meet the enemy in the open field.
The terms were that they should give hostages, that they should depart for ever from Wessex, and that their king Guthrum should do homage to Alfred as overlord, and submit to be baptized, with thirty of his chiefs, Not only were all these conditions punctually fulfilled, but (what is more astonishing) the Danes had been so thoroughly cured of any desire to try their luck against the great king that hey left him practically unmolested for fourteen years (878892).
rhe boundary between English and Danes established by the eace of 8~8 is not perfectly ascertainable, but a document of a few years later, called 0 Alfred and Guthrums frith, gives the border as lying from Thames northward up the Lea to its source, then across to Bedford, and then along the Ouse to Watling Street, the old Roman road from London to Chester.
This gave King Alfred London and Middlesex, most of Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire, and the larger half of Mercialands that had never before been an integral part of Wessex, though they had some time been tributary to her kings.
But Alfred was not to see the happy day when York and Lincoln, Colchester and Leicester, were to become mere shire-capitals in the realm of United England.
Military reforms were only one section of the work of King Alfred during the central years of his reign.
How he gathered, scholars from the continent, Wales and Ireland; how he collected the old heroic poems of the nation, how he himself translated books from the Latin tongue, started schools, and set his scribes to write up the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is told elsewhere, as are his mechanical inventions, his buildings, and his dealings with missionaries and explorers (see ALFRED).
In the years 892896 Alfred was assailed from many sides at once by viking fleets, of which the most important was that led by the great freebooter Hasting.
Alfred survived for four years after his final triumph in 896, to complete the organization of his fleet and to repair the damages done by the last four years of constant fighting.
Moreover, the fleet which Alfred had built, and which his successors kept up, disputed their mastery of the sea, and ended by achieving a clear superiority over them.
But the untiring perseverance of the house of Alfred was at last rewarded by success.
The reign of Edgar (959975) saw the culmination of the power of the house of Alfred.
The crime provoked universal indignation, but since there was no other prince of the house of Alfred available, the magnates were forced to place ~thelred on the throne:
guarded as she had been in the days of Alfred or ~thelstan, and in 991 the first serious invasion of .Ã†thelreds reign took place.
Of all the descendants of Alfred he was the 0nly one who lived to see his sixtieth birthdaythe house of Wessex were a short-lived race.
The witan cbose the earl as king without any show of doubt, though the assent of the Mercian and Northumbrian earls must have been half-hearted: Not a word was said in favor of the claim of the child Edgar, the heir of the house of Alfred, nothing (of course) for the preposterous claim of William of Normandy.
In the spring of 1899, Sir Alfred Mimer, governor of the Cape, met President Kruger at BoerWa.r Bloemfontein, the capltal of the Orange Free State, and 1899.
The famous Anglo-Saxon Chronicle was probably started under the influence of Alfred the Great towards the end of the 9th century.
For Alfred himself we have also Assers biography and the Annals of St Neols, a very imaginative compilation, while most of the stories which have made Alfreds name a household word are fabulous.
of St Mary has a massive tower possibly of pre-Norman date; there are a town-hall, an institute with library and lecture hall, and memorials to a victory gained by King Alfred over the Danes in the bay in 877, and to Albert, Prince Consort.
Madame Modjeska was also the Polish interpretress of the most prominent plays of Legouve, Dumas, father and son, Augier, Alfred de Musset, Octave Feuillet and Sardou.
ALFRED GUTSCHMID, BARON VON (1835-1887), German historian and Orientalist, was born on the 1st of July at Loschwitz (Dresden).
As early as the 10th century, if not earlier, the Norsemen frequented this part of the world (Bjarmeland) on trading expeditions; the best-known is that made by Ottar or Othere between 880 and 900 and described (or translated) by Alfred the Great, king of England.
The wealth of Uttar, "northmost of the northmen," whose narrative has been preserved by King Alfred, consisted mainly of six hundred of those "deer they call hrenas" and in tribute paid by the natives; and the Eigils saga tells how Brynjulf Bjargulfson had his right to collect contributions from the Finns (i.e.
Alfred Russel Wallace pronounced against this hypothesis in an appendix to his Malay Archipelago (1883 ed., p. 602), where he observes that "the black, woolly-haired races of the Philippines and the Malay Peninsula ...
ALFRED DREYFUS (1859-), French soldier, of Jewish parentage, the scandal of whose condemnation for treason and subsequent rehabilitation convulsed French political life between 1894 and 1899, and only ended in 1906, was born in Miilhausen, Upper Alsace, removing to Paris in 1874.
Authorities.-As regards the scientific aspects of the country, almost everything of value in previous books and papers is included in the magnificent work (1882 et seq.), in 28 4to vols., by Alfred Grandidier, entitled Histoire naturelle, physique, et politique de Madagascar.
The city is the seat of Shorter College (for women), which was established in 1873 as the Cherokee Female College, and received its present name in 1877, when it was rebuilt and endowed by Colonel Alfred Shorter; and of the Berry Industrial School (1902), for mountain boys.
Uxbridge is an ancient borough, stated to have been one of those originated by Alfred the Great, but it is not mentioned in Domesday.
Karl Alfred Von Zittel >>
In the 7th century the supremacy over Lindsey alternated between Mercia and Northumbria, but few historical references to the district are extant until the time of Alfred, whose marriage with Ealswitha was celebrated at Gainsborough three years before his accession.
See Comte Fleury, Carrier a Nantes,1793-1794(Paris, 1897); Alfred Lallie, J.
Alfred Beit >>
"L'Astrologie et la magie"); Alfred Maury, La Magic et l'astrologie a l'antiquite et au moyen age (4th ed., Paris, 1877); R.
This mare was by Eclipse's son Alexander (1782) out of a mare by Highflyer (son of Herod) out of a daughter of Alfred, by Matchem out of a daughter of Snap. Bustard (1813), whose dam was a daughter of Shuttle, and his son Heron (1833), Sultan (1816) and his sons Glencoe (1831) and Bay Middleton (1833) and Middleton's sons Cowl (1842) and the Flying Dutchman (1846), Pantaloon (1824) and his son Windhound (1847), Langar (1817) and his son Epirus (1834) and grandson Pyrrhus the First (1843), are representatives of Castrel and Selim.
Aldhelm wrote poetry in Anglo-Saxon also, and set his own compositions to music, but none of his songs, which were still popular in the time of Alfred, have come down to us.
4), printed by Giles and Migne, also in Original Lives of Anglo-Saxons (Caxton Soc., 1854); but the best authority is William of Malmesbury, who in the fifth book, devoted to St Aldhelm, of the Gesta Pontificum proposes to fill up the outline of Faritius, using the church records, the traditions of Aldhelm's miracles preserved by the monks of Malmesbury, and the lost "Handboc" or commonplace book of King Alfred.
He also rendered good service to historians by the publication of his Collection des meilleures dissertations, notices et traites relatifs 4 l'histoire de France (20 vols., 1826-1840); in the absence of an index, since Leber did not give one, an analytical table of contents is to be found in Alfred Franklin's Sources de l'histoire de France (1876, pp. 342 sqq.).
Marie's Ysopet is translated from an English original which she erroneously attributed to Alfred the Great, who had, she said, translated it from the Latin.
Minchin, " Journey in the Andean Tableland of Bolivia," Proceedings of Geographical Society (1882); Paul Giissfeldt, Reise in den centralen chileno-argentinischen Andes (Berlin, 1884); John Ball, Notes of a Naturalist in South America (London, 1887); Alfred Hettner, Reisen in den colombianischen Andeen (Leipzig, 1888); " Die Kordillere von Bogota," Peterm.
See Count Alfred de Gardane, Mission du general Gardane en Perse (Paris, 1865); and P. A.
of Alfred Nachet, who in 1853, and subsequently in 1863, brought forward two forms of binocular microscope.
In England the custom is as old as Anglo-Saxon days, as it is mentioned in laws of Alfred and lEthelstan.
About the year 884 the most important person in English Mercia was an earl, !Ethelred, who accepted the suzerainty of Alfred, and in or before the year 887 married his daughter Ã†thelflaed.
In 886 London, which had been recovered by Alfred from the Danes, was restored to !Ethelred.
During the invasion of 893-97 English Mercia was again repeatedly ravaged by the Danes; but in the last of these years, by the united efforts of Alfred and Ã†thelred, they were at length expelled.
He wore an Alfred E. Newman smile and was dressed in a short-sleeved shirt without a tie.
Why was the revival of literacy such a key element in Alfred's reforms?
The bfi release Alfred Hitchcock's beguiling blend of romanticism and nightmarish suspense, starring Joan Fontaine and Laurence Olivier.
The building can be seen in Alfred Hitchcock's " Frenzy " and was originally a Victorian brothel!
The main help he has to deal with this is the family butler, Alfred Pennyworth.
In April 1993, suspected drug dealer Alfred Acree tried to evade capture in Charles County, Virginia, by running into a wood.
choreographed sequence of interrelated dream moments taken from Alfred's life.
Alfred Adler introduced the concept of ' the inferiority complex ' .
Alfred Nobel Nobel, who invented dynamite, endowed a $ 9 million fund in his will.
After completion of this course I was posted to No. 43 air School at Port Alfred for air gunnery, finishing around October 1942.
He was a churchman in Alfred's employ, so it is not surprising that he wrote more hagiography than biography.
According to William, Athelstan's alleged illegitimacy was the grounds that one Alfred used in an attempt to prevent Athelstan being crowned.
The burhs were a series of defended towns designed by King Alfred to counter act the viking incursions.
The next indaba in 2002 is in the Port Alfred Area of the Eastern Cape and hosted by the Border Center you them!
In 1884 Lord Alfred Douglas attended a dinner and Wilde became totally infatuated.
key element in Alfred's reforms?
ley markers in the order of importance ascribed to them by Alfred Watkins.
Lukacs ' book contains so many libels of this nature, that Mr Irving wrote a warning letter to publisher Alfred Knopf.
Its plant produces fabric for luxury menswear brands like Italian Ermenegildo Zegna, German Hugo Boss and British Alfred Dunhill.
other top-class miniaturists were equally expensive, even Alfred Edward Chalon with his elegant, light style.
It was also a beloved place for Alfred Mullings, Nancy Mitford and John le CarrÃ©, the spy novelist.
plate tectonics theories, including information about Alfred Wegener and his theory of continental drift.
Once my uncle Alfred had a serious quarrel with his wife.
essay question: What problems did Alfred face in defending Wessex from Viking attack and how successful was he in solving them?
The first Professor of Engineering was James Alfred Ewing, a native Dundonian who invented the continuous seismograph.
tectonics theories, including information about Alfred Wegener and his theory of continental drift.
transmutation theory during the year with Alfred Russel Wallace.
The Coast to Coast walk was dreamt up by Alfred Wainwright, the famous fell walker and guidebook writer, in 1973.
The moral aspect has been given by Mr Swinburne in an epigram: - " Alfred was a terrible flirt and George did not behave as a perfect gentleman."
Sand d'Alfred de Musset (Brussels, 1904), Correspondance entre George Sand et Gustave Flaubert (1904), and Lettres a Alfred de Musset et a Sainte-Beuve (1897).
There is an excellent edition of the Poems of Thomas Hood (2 vols., 1897), with a biographical introduction of great interest by Canon Alfred Ainger.
But the pregnant suggestions of these writers remained practically unnoticed and forgotten, until the theory was independently devised and promulgated by Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace in 1858, and the effect of its publication was immediate and profound.
In 868 the Mercian king appealed to Ãƒâ€ thelred and Alfred for assistance against the Danes, who were in possession of Nottingham.
1643-1644) is noteworthy as the first English edition of the Latin text, and as the editio princeps of the Anglo-Saxon version ascribed to King Alfred (see Alfred The Great).
Stead, "Sir Alfred Milner," in The Review of Reviews, vol.
Meantime Sir Alfred Milner had also endeavoured to induce the Transvaal government to grant the necessary reforms, but his efforts were equally unavailing (see Milner, Viscount).
In 886 Alfred overcame the Danes, restored London to its inhabitants, rebuilt its walls, reannexed the city to Mercia, and committed it to Ethelred, alderman of Mercia.
In 91 2 1Ethelred, the alderman of the Mercians, who had been placed in authority by Alfred, died, and Edward the Elder took possession of London and Oxford, " and all the lands which thereto belonged."
Among them were: Leopold Pannier; Marius Sepet, the author of Le Drame chretien au moyen age (1878) and of the Origines catholiques du theatre moderne (1901); Charles Joret; Alfred Morel-Fatio; Gaston Raynaud, who is responsible for various volumes of the excellent editions published by the Societe des anciens textes francais; Arsene Darmesteter and others.
David, Les Deux Papineau; Fennings Taylor, Louis Joseph Papineau (Montreal, 1865); Alfred De Celles, PapineauCartier (Toronto, 1906); H.
i.; Washington Matthews, Navaho Legends (Cambridge, Mass.); Anne Cary Maudslay and Alfred Percival Maudslay, A Glimpse at Guatemala (London, 1899) (Maudslay's whole series in Biologia Centrali Americana, 1889-1902, are valuable); H.
To these should be added the list of Haydn's symphonies printed in Alfred Wotquenne's Catalogue de la Bibliothbque du Conservatoire Royal de Bruxelles, vol.
(See also Robert Browning and Alfred Domett, edited by F.
The story of his youth belongs, as Alfred Nutt (Folk-lore, vol.
Its language now recalls that of Canute or Alfred, now anticipates that of our own day; on the one hand common right is to be done to all, as well poor as rich, without respect of persons; on the other, elections are to be free, and no man is by force, malice or menace, to disturb them.
Malkin (1803-1888), John Ball (1818-1889), and Sir Alfred Wills (b.
"ALFRED BARRY (1826-1910), English bishop (see 3.444), died at Windsor April 1910.
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