Both vascular and airway smooth muscles relax in response to beta adrenergic agonists via cyclic AMP.
The American Sleep Apnea Association recommends placing tennis balls in a tube sock and pinning them to your nightclothes to break the habit of sleeping on your back, which can cause your airway to close down, a symptom of sleep apnea.
Take care not to grip below the tip of the jawbone which would obstruct the airway.
However, children and infants are at increased risk of choking and foreign body airway obstruction due to immature airway and dental anatomy, distraction and play during eating, and a natural tendency to put objects into their mouths.
The inlet opening of the pressure fan is in free communication with the outside air, the discharge connecting with the mine air-way; in the more generally used exhaust fan the inlet is connected with the airway, the fan discharging into the atmosphere.
The use of a nasopharyngeal airway or the laryngeal mask airway may be helpful in certain cases.
The areas of research are listed below Increased epithelial permeability in airways is known to be associated with the hyperactivity of the asthmatic airway.
airway epithelium with beating cilia.
airway wall remodeling can't disappear and come up for current several seconds.
Furthermore, in mice we can model the phenomenon known as airway hyperresponsiveness, which is a feature of the asthmatic airway hyperresponsiveness, which is a feature of the asthmatic airway.
airway remodeling in asthma.
alveolusmental and clinical studies in the 80's confirmed that high peak airway pressures in ventilated alveoli lead to further lung damage.
anticholinergic drugs block this effect, allowing the airway to open.
Airway response to stimuli There are three phases to the asthmatic response of an atopic asthmatic following exposure to an allergen.
He received atropine 500 mcg premedication and then topical local anesthesia to the mucosa of his upper airway.
brachycephalic airway syndrome, elongated soft palet and laryngeal collapse.
bronchial epithelium is often damaged, with shedding of the columnar cells into the airway lumen.
bronchial mucosa causing airway inflammation.
However, eosinophilic bronchitis differs from asthma in that there is no variable airflow obstruction or airway hyperresponsiveness in the former condition.
Bronchoscopy A tube called a bronchoscope is put into the airway and, using an eyepiece, the doctor can see into the airways.
It is used to treat and prevent bronchospasm in patients with reversible obstructive airway disease and exercise-induced bronchospasm.
Open and clear the airway immediately by lifting chin forward and tilting the forehead back.
chloride conductance in airway cell line, primary human cell cultures and most importantly from cells with CFTR mutations.
Molecules are able to activate chloride conductance in airway cell line, primary human cell cultures and most importantly from cells with CFTR mutations.
Asthma diagnosis allowed use of recognized criteria or reversible airway constriction.
endotracheal tube to secure a patient's airway is still the gold standard.
endotracheal cuffs will similarly expand at altitude; the risk of tracheal wall pressure leading to possible airway edema and necrosis.
In asthma, the bronchial epithelium is often damaged, with shedding of the columnar cells into the airway lumen.
Cilia Video - Click on the link to see a video of airway epithelium with beating cilia.
feigned unconsciousness, and was checked for ABC (airway, breathing, circulation ).
The nerve impulses cause the muscles to contract, thus narrowing the airway.
An inhalational induction of anesthesia is usually very easy to perform with halothane which is not irritating to the airway.
These effects are made worse by exposures greater than one hour and may lead to airway inflammation which may produce short term breathing difficulties.
Minor effects on airway function were likely to respond to the use of the subject's reliever inhaler " .
The following day, he was electively intubated for airway protection and started on treatment for possible tetanus and herpes encephalitis.
Lung toxins Some of the toxins present in smoke are highly irritant or directly toxic to the bronchial mucosa causing airway inflammation.
laryngeal edema develops from direct thermal injury leading to early loss of the airway.
laryngeal mask airway is a popular choice for airway management for elective eye surgery in the UK.
In a severely paralyzed larynx, the airway actually gets smaller rather than bigger during strenuous exercise as the paralyzed side collapses inwards.
mask airway (LMA) or facemask was used.
Diseases mentioned include, stenotic nares, brachycephalic airway syndrome, elongated soft palet and laryngeal collapse.
nerve impulses cause the muscles to contract, thus narrowing the airway.
obstruct the airway.
Sleep related upper airway obstruction in a cohort with Down's syndrome.
oedemangeal edema develops from direct thermal injury leading to early loss of the airway.
oedemaiction of airway edema is not always possible but the presence of stridor and/or facial edema may be a clue.
These included increased expression of several oncogenes, as well as decreased expression of several tumor suppressor genes and genes that regulate airway inflammation.
Thirteen patients with airway papillomas were selected for study with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods to detect viral DNA.
patency of the upper airway may be difficult to maintain after onset of unconsciousness for the above reasons but intubation is usually not difficult.
Steroids improve airway patency in croup, haemangioma, lymphoma and some mediastinal masses.
Treatment Currently there is no cure for RRP and management is aimed at maintaining airway patency and adequate voice.
percutaneous tracheostomy is a useful procedure for airway management in ICU.
pharyngeal abscess Pharyngeal abscess has a high risk of airway obstruction.
Solid food causes immediate airway obstruction resulting in hypoxia, whilst liquid gastric contents cause an acid pneumonitis (inflammation of lung tissue ).
There is some preservation of airway reflexes during anesthesia with this agent.
Pronounced central nervous system depression requires airway maintenance or, in extreme circumstances, assisted respiration.
reversible airway obstruction which is accompanied by allergic inflamation in 90% of the cases.
Other causes of inspiratory and expiratory dyspnoea include airway stenosis following trauma, and parasites (eg Filaroides osleri) - rare.
sternal recession in small children with airway obstruction.
First using onl " jaw thrust " to open the airway.
tracheal intubation is the most effective method of securing the pediatric airway.
Research: G-protein coupled receptor signal transduction in the regulation of human airway smooth muscle cells.
underlieclass="ex">Underlying these phenotypes is evidence of airway wall remodeling, which should be distinguished from the increase in smooth muscle linked to airways hyperresponsiveness.
Asthma by its very definition, means a reversible airway obstruction which is accompanied by allergic inflamation in 90% of the cases.
This results in intercostal and sternal recession in small children with airway obstruction.
Tracheal intubation is the most effective method of securing the pediatric airway.
Underlying these phenotypes is evidence of airway wall remodeling, which should be distinguished from the increase in smooth muscle linked to airways hyperresponsiveness.
While there are a number of causes, this may indicate a blockage in the airway.
The best CPAP machine, or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machine, is one that allows you a good night's sleep.
The pressure of the air produced by the CPAP machine keeps the airway open in the back of the throat, allowing patients suffering from sleep apnea to sleep well.
The more tissue located there, the more likely it is for the airway to be completely blocked off from breathing.
CPAP devices: CPAP machines, or continuous positive airway pressure, push a constant air flow into a mask placed over the nose and mouth.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) devices may be used.
Sleep apnea patients wake up many times during the night, often without realizing, frequently due to a blocked airway.
The airway often has blockage by the excess tissue around the neck and throat region, which is common in overweight people.
One of the best treatments for sleep apnea is a device called a CPAP or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, device.
The device keeps the airway open, therefore alleviating the sleep apnea condition and improving sleep.
Airway Pressure Devices: There are other airway pressure devices available that can work similar to that of a CPAP but with better results.
For example, the Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure device, or BiPAP, is designed to apply more pressure when breathing in, while reducing pressure while breathing out.
During the second night the doctors determine if there is a need for a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device.
When you're diagnosed with sleep apnea and CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure)is the recommended treatment, it can be hard to find the right equipment which you feel comfortable sleeping in.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatments at night can help decrease the levels of carbon dioxide in the blood while increasing oxygen saturation.
Getting rid of the extra fat in this area can open up the airway and reduce the snoring.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an approach that uses a CPAP machine that is attached to a mask.
Extreme cases may require surgery that removes obstructive tissue mass from airway passages.
The devices hold the jaw in a position which opens the airway passage, making breathing easier.
It is designed to ease the jaw into a position that opens the airway and blocks any snoring.
A healthy lifestyle includes losing weight in some cases; this can alleviate snoring by getting rid of excess fat and tissue in the neck area that may narrow the airway passage.
Some people may avoid surgery by using continuous positive airway pressure through a CPAP machine and sleep mask to help keep the airway open in the throat.
The center has approximately 30 staff members who are trained to help people seeking help for snoring due to sleep apnea or upper airway resistance syndrome.
Upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) is a breathing condition that interrupts sleep.
Treatment for this condition includes nasal continuous positive airway pressure CPAP.
Oral appliances and radiofrequency ablation look promising, but more research is required to determine whether these approaches are as effective as continuous airway pressure.
Continuous positive airway pressure therapy helps sleep apnea patients get a good, healthy night's rest, but it requires an adjustment to sleeping habits.
A custom fit mouthpiece can be designed to hold the jaw slightly forward during sleep, opening the airway to alleviate the problems.
The appliances are worn in the mouth during sleep to reposition the jaw and tongue to keep the airway open.
A dentist can offer help for snoring by fitting oral devices that keep the airway passage open, allowing for unobstructed breathing.
Thornton Adjustable Positioner is an oral device that prevents soft tissues and the tongue from sliding back into the airway passage during sleep.
Adjustable PM Positioner keeps the lower jaw forward, opening the airway passage.
Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) removes excess tissue that blocks the airway passage.
The Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic of the Northwest lists airway management interventions including the Pillar procedure and Somnoplasty.
The obstructive portion of the condition indicates that the person has stopped breathing due to something obstructing the airway.
Usually, this is the tissues in the airway and upper throat.
In a healthy person, the airway and the upper portion of the throat remain open even when an individual is sleeping.
The muscles in this region of the body contract and relax to open the airway enough to allow air to enter the lungs.
In a person with sleep apnea, the airway has an obstruction, stopping breathing for very short periods.
A person with sleep apnea has a narrow airway.
When he or she sleeps, the near closing of the airway causes loud snoring and, sometimes, labored breathing.
As the person falls into deep sleep, the airway closes further, causing brief periods of stopped breathing.
In order to get the breathing area open again, the brain will jar the body awake just enough to readjust the airway.
By losing weight, the amount of fatty tissue in the neck region will lessen, allowing the airway to remain open more readily.
Some doctors recommend dental inserts to keep the jaw in a forward position to keep the airway open.
This small machine, combined with a CPAP mask, creates a pressurized flow of air into the airway to keep it from closing.
Surgeries can remove some of the tissue in the back of the throat causing the airway to close up.
This will open up the windpipe to bypass completely the blocked airway.
Snoring is a hoarse or harsh-sounding breathing that happens during sleep when the relaxed tissues in the throat partially obstruct the airway.
A few anatomical abnormalities of the ear, nose, and throat can cause snoring by obstructing the airway.
Hypertrophy, or enlargement, of the cells of the adenoids and tonsils can cause them to protrude into and obstruct the airway, which then leads to snoring.
An enlarged tongue, or macroglossia, can also lead to partial airway blockage.
Also, obesity can lead to a narrowed airway because of the increased pressure on soft tissues that goes along with excess fat deposits in the neck area.
Obstructive sleep apnea is a serious condition that occurs when throat tissue collapses and obstructs the airway.
This potentially life-threatening condition can be treated with a machine that delivers a continuous flow of air into the trachea, preventing airway collapse.
The sprays are a lubricant, which reduces the sound caused by the rubbing of the tissues in the airway, stopping the snoring.
The extra tissue in their airway can lead to additional snoring.
Adjusting your sleep position may reduce snoring because it opens up the airway better.
This surgery leaves the uvula intact, while still reducing excess tissues in the upper airway to improve OSA symptoms.
This is done to prevent airway collapse due to movement of the hyoid bone or obstruction due to a large or badly placed tongue base.
When the valve is opened at night, air flows directly into the trachea, bypassing any blockages in the upper airway.
This professional can help by creating a stop snoring mouthpiece that repositions the jaw and tongue, opening the airway passage and preventing sound-producing vibrations from occurring.
The interventions include oral devices and surgery in the upper airway passage used for the treatment of sleep disorders.
Granger offers a custom-fit oral device, SilentNight that opens the upper airway passage, preventing snoring from occurring.
The devices prevent the soft tissues in the palate and the tongue from falling back into the airway passage.
CPAP equipment helps to improve an individual's ability to breathe by forcing the airway open.
CPAP, or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, is a method of opening the airway, to stop it from collapsing when an individual takes a breath in.
The patient adjusts the traditional Continuous Positive Airway Pressure device whereas the APAP machine's pressure adjusts on its own.
The breathing machine then pumps air through the tubing into the airway.
Its design allows the airway to stay open, which improves breathing.
Nasal Pillow Masks: The Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machine delivers a continuous flow of air through these masks.
For example, a chinstrap will help to hold the mouth shut while you sleep or during a airway treatment.
Newer models of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machines are able to record the number of sleep apnea episodes or instances of changes in breathing.
An experienced sleep dentist will know how to assess snoring, and sleep apnea cases, and can custom fit a dental appliance to each patient's mouth to help maintain the best possible airway during sleep.
This keeps the airway open during sleep, and prevents decreases in blood oxygen levels due to airway obstruction.
ADM also uses pharyngometry to evaluate each patient's airway.
A pharyngometer measure the diameter and stability of a patient's airway and uses these measurements to find the areas of obstruction.
In this way, the dentist is able to find the jaw position that keeps the airway the stablest and maintains the highest possible airway diameter.
Sleep apnea is a nighttime condition in which the airway is closed temporarily, blocking all breathing for several seconds.
The brain jars awake just enough to open the airway again.
This is an indication that the airway is tight or closed up.
Structural problems can lead to blockage in the airway passage, leading to loud snoring or apnea.
Surgery and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) are effective approaches but they have their downsides.
Tongue retaining devices (TRD) focus on moving the tongue forward, preventing it from collapsing back into to airway passage.
Sleep apnea affects people in all walks of life, all careers and all cities.Sleep apnea is caused by an actual blockage of the airway.
Dental mouthpieces can help keep the airway open by setting the jaw properly in an effort to keep the air passage open.
By keeping the lower jaw in place, the airway space is increased, reducing the amount of soft tissue vibration and thus reducing, if not eliminating, the snoring.
CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machines work because they keep up a continuous flow of air pressure preventing soft tissue collapse in patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea.
The strap is not designed to improve the positive airway or prevent apnea episodes.
The appliance is designed to reposition the jaw during sleep so that the space in the airway is maximized during sleep, alleviating the airway blockage that causes the apneas.
Sleep dentistry may help individuals who have sleep apnea by providing mouthpieces that open the airway passage to make breathing easier.
Some patients opt for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) while others choose surgery to free the airway.
In some cases, a dental device can help to open the airway passage.
Sleep dentists in Chesapeake offer help for snoring and sleep apnea by fitting patients with an oral device that repositions the jaw to open the airway passage.
CPAP, or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, machines connect via a tube to the mask and force high-pressure air into the wearer's airway.
If the mouth is open during sleep, some or all of the pressurized air may flow out instead of reaching the airway.
You may need to begin treatment by wearing your mask for a few hours each night until you adjust to the feeling of the mask and the sensation of the airway pressure.
Common interventions include CPAP masks that provide airway pressure to ensure breathing continues uninterrupted while the patient it sleeping.
Dr. Madison is able to customize a dental appliance that will reposition the patient's tongue so that the patient's airway is not blocked while they sleep.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment for sleep apnea, but many people discontinue therapy due to CPAP problems.
If the snoring is serious, surgical procedures can open up the airway to allow for better breathing ability.
It also weakens your body's ability to open up the airway if it has an obstruction.
Sleep Apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which the airway is blocked with tissues, which stops your ability to breath.
In sleep apnea, the tissues in the throat region block off the airway so much that your brain jars you awake just enough to reposition yourself.
This too will keep your airway open better than sleeping level to the shoulders.
Alcohol consumption before bedtime relaxes the throat muscles and impairs your body's ability to recognize and prevent airway obstruction.
During sleep apnea episodes, throat tissues obstruct the airway, preventing breathing and causing a build-up of carbon dioxide.
They work by bringing the lower jaw forward and preventing the collapse of soft tissues, allowing the airway to remain unobstructed throughout sleep.
CPAP, or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, machines improve snoring by blowing pressurized air through a hose and mask to keep the airways open.
Pillows are available to prevent back sleeping or to raise the head to prevent airway obstruction.
This product will likely open up the airway to allow for better breathing.
The product Pure Sleep works to better position the jaw so that the airway is opened up, allowing for better airflow through it.
This product is a strip that is positioned on the outside of the nose to open up the airway.
Like other snoring aids, this product opens the airway to allow breathing to be easier and to reduce the vibrations of air passing through the airway.
By pulling the jaw slightly forward during sleep, the patient's airway is opened reducing the airway blockage that causes sleep apneas and snoring.
Willingness to work with sleep doctors - Your sleep doctor can provide your sleep dentist with the particulars of your sleep disorder as well as details about the amount of blockage in your airway during sleep.
Dental treatments for sleep apnea and snoring are typically non-surgical, involving oral devices that help to keep the airway open during sleep.
If the dentist finds a need, a fitting follows the examination for an oral device that repositions the jaw to free the airway passage during sleep.
As the tissues in the throat relax, they partially obstruct the airway and vibrate when air flows in and out.
In cases of sleep apnea, the throat tissues completely block the airway and stop breathing.
This procedure is effective at enlarging the airway, but you may require multiple treatments to achieve full benefits.
CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, involves wearing a pressurized mask over the nose or face during sleep.
Patients who have the sleep disorder sleep apnea may have tissue that is blocking the passage of air through their airway.
These appliances fit within the mouth, comfortably, and work to keep the airway open.
In addition to these dentists providing appliances that fit within the mouth to improve airflow, these professionals also specialized in upper airway surgical procedures.
Dentists will select the appropriate solution for the patient's airway.
This may include an oral appliance or an upper airway surgery depending on the conditions.
They may also pull the tongue base forward to open the airway more effectively.
The only time dentists use surgery as a solution is when the anatomy of the individual is the main contributing factor in the upper airway obstruction.
Those with severe sleep apnea may use a CPAP device, which forces air into the airway to keep it open during the night.
For many patients, a diagnosis of sleep apnea can result in a prescription for a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine that must be worn when you sleep for the rest of your life.
Playing the didgeridoo may help strengthen and train the upper airway muscles.
CPAP, or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, is an effective treatment for both snoring and obstructive sleep apnea.
CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, is a common and effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.
It may take several months for your body to adjust to using continuous positive airway pressure, but the health benefits of effectively treating sleep apnea will last much longer.
A sleep dentist in Plano can help patients living in this region by offering a viable option to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) masks and sleep apnea surgery.
Sleep apnea is a medical condition in which the airway closes up, at least somewhat, making it difficult for the individual to breath.
Head Position: Elevating the head by four to six inches above the shoulders may help to open up the airway, allowing for a reduction in sleep apnea symptoms.
CPAP Devices: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, or CPAP, devices may be helpful for those with sleep apnea.
These devices force open the airway, allowing you to breathe regularly throughout the night.
This helps to open up the airway, allowing you to breathe easier.
The devices are ideal for sleep apnea caused by the tongue sliding back into the airway passage.
A sleep apnea mouthpiece alleviates the symptoms of sleep apnea by keeping the airway open.
They may be able to be fitted for oral devices designed to open the airway, allowing for breathing to continue uninterrupted.
Specially fitted oral devices can help some patients with obstructive sleep apnea by opening the airway passage.
It opens up the airway by pushing air into the throat.
Elevate your head - You may be able to open your airway by sleeping with your head elevated.
A CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) machine works by blowing positive pressurized room air into the airway.
Oral Appliances - Oral appliances (dental appliances) keep the airway open in several ways.
The tongue-retaining device works by keeping the tongue from blocking the airway.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) sends a constant stream of air into the airway passage that keeps the breathing path open.
Determining the amount of pressure necessary to keep the airway passage open requires testing after which a sleep specialist will prescribe the amount of pressurized air to be forced through the machine.
The masks are the conduit for air that comes from a continuous positive airway pressure machine.
Relaxed muscles in the throat or tongue, which causes them to collapse and block the airway.
Some people snore simply because their tongue gets in the way and partially blocks the airway.
Either way, keeping the tongue away from the airway helps snorers (and their bedfellows) get a more solid sleep at night.
Sleeping on your side may reduce snoring, as the relaxed tissue does not narrow the airway.
Vapor rub under the nostrils may open the airway for snorers who have the nighttime breathing problem due to sinus congestion.
Learning how to play the didgeridoo may strengthen the muscles in the airway passage.
Like vocal training, exercising the upper airway passage using the musical instrument requires more research into its effectiveness.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is among the most effective treatments for obstructive sleep apnea.
The product works by using pressurized air to keep the upper airway passage open.
This allows the sleeper to continue breathing as the obstruction is prevented from blocking the airway.
Sometimes the continuous positive airway pressure is not the best approach for treating sleep apnea.
BiPAP machines do not provide continuous airway pressure.
The oral devices move the jaw forward in order to free the airway of obstructions.
A sleep dentist can help patients with obstructive sleep apnea and severe snoring by fitting oral devices that move the jaw slightly forward, which opens the airway passage.
This leads to the sleeper relying on their mouth as the main airway passage, which can lead to snoring if the mouth has tissues which are vibrating.
Radiofrequency ablation uses a heat delivered through a probe to destroy tissues blocking the airway.
Reserved for the most severe cases, a permanent tracheostomy bypasses the nasal passage and mouth, creating an airway in the throat.
Although the airway obstruction of sleep apnea causes hypopnea, it is not directly associated with daytime hypopnea.
You might find relief from using a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure mask with a device (known as a CPAP).
Obstructions in the airway lead to vibrations as you breathe, and the vibrations lead to loud breathing sounds.
Removing enlarged adenoids or tonsils can clear the airway.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines and dental devices may be helpful for patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea.
The jaw moves slightly forward, which prevents the soft tissue in the soft palate and throat from blocking the airway passage.
Some lifestyle choices can cause a person's airway to become obstructed, which results in snoring.
Lose weight: Losing even a small amount of weight can help prevent the fatty tissue in the back of the throat from blocking the airway, which cause vibrations that lead to snoring sounds.
If you are taking medicines for allergies or a cold, stay away from medicines that promote sleepiness as this can cause the throat to relax too much and constrict the airway.
Try nasal strips: These strips work for some people to keep their airway open during sleep.
This is because alcohol relaxes the throat muscles and tongue, which in turn constricts the airway and creates a snoring vibration.
Avoid weight gain: Excess weight can cause a greater amount of fat in the back of the throat, which blocks the airway when the head is resting.
This reduces pressure on the face and improves alignment for the head, neck, and airway.
While continuous positive airway pressure is the most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, it can be challenging.
Continuous positive airway pressure is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.
The breathing device prevents the soft tissues in the back of the throat from blocking the airway passage as it delivers air.
It is important to include your doctor in the decision-making process, and you may find that simple changes can make continuous positive airway pressure therapy bearable.
A sleep apnea mouth piece can help keep the airway passage open, and two basic models are available.
Surgery for sleep apnea may include removing tonsils and/or adenoids, which can block the airway passage.
Consider a bi-level positive airway pressure (Bi-PAP) machine that uses less pressure as you exhale and more pressure as you inhale.
Since the machine provides continual positive airway pressure, nasal problems can be present.
Among the most surprising solutions for sleep bruxism is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which treats obstructive sleep apnea.
For example, using a mouth guard with obstructive sleep apnea can keep your airway open while you sleep.
OSA stems from an obstruction or narrowing in the airway passage the prevents air from flowing freely.
The cessation of breath occurs as the muscles in the mouth or throat relax, which can cause tissue or the tongue to block the airway.
Make sure the child is in a comfortable posture, lying on his or her side, so the airway does not become obstructed by drool or mucus.
Some life-threatening complications have occurred, including bleeding and airway obstruction.
Anaphylaxis-Also called anaphylactic shock; a severe allergic reaction characterized by airway constriction, tissue swelling, and lowered blood pressure.
In 2000, the leading cause of fatal accidental injury among children was motor vehicle occupant injury (28%), followed by drowning (16%) and airway obstruction injury (14%).
Children, especially those under the age of three, are quite vulnerable to airway obstruction injury because they have small upper airways and have relative inexperience with chewing.
Causes of choking or airway obstruction-injury deaths include suffocation by things such as pillows, choking on food or small objects, and strangulation from window blind and clothing strings.
Parents should avoid giving children under age four any hard, smooth foods that may block or partially block their airway.
Airway obstruction injury-An injury that obstructs the airway and prevents proper breathing, either through strangulation, suffocation, or choking.
If the child vomits, a suction bulb can be used to help clear the airway.
When a child has croup, that portion of the airway just below the vocal cords narrows and becomes swollen, making breathing both noisy and labored.
Swelling of these areas causes the airway to narrow, which makes breathing difficult.
Small children typically have quite a narrow larynx, so even a slight decrease in the airway's radius may lead to a large decrease in the air flow, leading to the symptoms of croup.
When the child's airway becomes increasingly swollen and more mucus is secreted, it becomes more challenging to breathe.
If the airway continues to swell, it may approach a point at which the child can no longer breathe.
The most important part of treating patients with croup is maintaining an open airway.
Aerosolized racemic epinephrine as well as oral dexamethasone (a steroid) may be used to help shrink the upper airway swelling.
If the airway becomes increasingly obstructed, the child may require intubation (the placing of a tube through the nose or mouth through the larynx into the main air passage to the lungs.
If proper airway management is maintained, death is rare.
Choking is a condition caused by inhalation of a foreign object that partially or fully blocks the airway.
Choking occurs when a foreign object, such as food, buttons, coins, or toy parts, are inhaled and partially or completely block the airway, preventing adequate breathing.
Airway obstruction death and injury are especially prevalent in children under age four due to anatomy (small airway), natural curiosity and tendency to put objects in their mouths, and incomplete chewing.
All infants and children who experience a choking episode severe enough to require the Heimlich maneuver should be taken to the hospital emergency room to be examined for airway injuries.
If a breath administered to the victim does not inflate the chest, rescuers should assume that the airway is blocked and take steps to clear the airway.
Children who have a choking incident that requires the Heimlich maneuver should be examined by a physician for potential injuries to their airway and aftereffects of oxygen deprivation.
Oxygen deprivation from a foreign body airway obstruction can result in permanent brain damage or death in four minutes or less.
If the foreign body cannot be expelled from the child's airway using the Heimlich maneuver, cardiac and/or respiratory arrest may occur, and the child may stop breathing.
Bronchoscopy-A procedure in which a hollow tube (bronchoscope) is inserted into the airway to allow visual examination of the larynx, trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles.
It is also used to collect specimens for biopsy or culturing, and to remove airway obstructions.
Heimlich maneuver-An emergency procedure for removing a foreign object lodged in the airway that is preventing the person from breathing.
Vikle, Gary M., et al. "Airway Obstruction in Children Aged Less than Five Years: The Prehospital Experience."
Larynx-Also known as the voice box, the larynx is the part of the airway that lies between the pharynx and the trachea.
Obstructive sleep apnea refers to partial obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing irregular breathing and sometimes snoring.
In children with Marfan, obstructive sleep apnea is caused by the unusual flexibility of the tissues lining the child's airway.
The bacteria, which can spread from person to person, usually first causes a colonization in the upper airway, but without symptoms.
Colonization-The presence of bacteria on a body surface (like on the skin, mouth, intestines or airway) without causing disease in the person.
Stridor is a term used to describe noisy breathing in general and to refer specifically to a high-pitched crowing sound associated with croup, respiratory infection, and airway obstruction.
Listening to an older child or adult breathe usually enables pediatricians, family physicians, and pulmonary specialists to estimate where an airway obstruction is located.
Death by suffocation may occur when a foreign object blocks the airway.
In normal situations, most people cough once or twice an hour during the day to clear the airway of irritants.
Bronchodilators relax the smooth muscles that line the airway.
Symptoms of a fractured nose include black eyes and possible blockage of the airway due to swelling and bleeding.
In the case of a known accident, sports injury, or assault, the doctor begin with the ABCs, which means that he or she will check the child or adolescent's airway, breathing, and circulation.
The Heimlich maneuver is an emergency technique for removing a foreign object lodged in the airway that is preventing a child or an adult from breathing.
Airway obstruction death and injury are especially prevalent in children under age four due to their anatomy (small airway), natural curiosity and tendency to put objects in their mouths, and incomplete chewing.
If the airway is not clear, the rescuer repeats the abdominal thrusts as often as necessary.
Before doing the maneuver, it is important to determine if the airway is completely blocked.
If the airway is not completely blocked, the choking victim should be allowed to try to cough up the foreign object on his or her own.
Vilke, Gary M., et al. "Airway Obstruction in Children Aged Less Than 5 Years: The Prehospital Experience."
The bronchioles are small branches off of the more major bronchi or airway tubes that run through the lungs.
Individuals with a more severe form of MPS VI can have airway obstruction, develop hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the brain), and exhibit bone changes.
Many individuals with an MPS condition have problems with airway constriction.
Fractures may also damage the membranes that line the nasal passages, leading to possible formation of scar tissue, obstruction of the airway, and damage to the child's sense of smell.
Bleeding from the upper part of the nose closer to the throat is more serious because it can block the airway and because it may indicate that the child has a bleeding disorder rather than a traumatic injury.
In the case of a known accident, sports injury, or assault, the doctor begins with the ABCs, which means that he or she will check the child's airway, breathing, and circulation.
During the operation the anesthesiologist controls the mother's breathing through a tube into her throat and airway.
Ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) is a surgery performed for a congenital defect that blocks the fetus's airway.
The EXIT procedure is used for various types of airway obstruction including CCAM.
Epiglottitis is an infection of the epiglottis, which can lead to severe airway obstruction.
Because food or liquid in the bronchial tubes or lungs could cause a blockage or lead to an infection, the airway is protected.
The epiglottis can close down over the larynx when someone is eating or drinking, preventing these food and liquids from entering the airway.
Because the epiglottis may swell considerably, there is a danger that the airway will be blocked off by the very structure designed to protect it.
A child may begin complaining of a sore throat and within a few hours be suffering from extremely severe airway obstruction.
Diagnosis begins with a high level of suspicion that a quickly progressing illness with fever, sore throat, and airway obstruction is very likely to be epiglottitis.
These maneuvers may cause the larynx to go into spasm (laryngospasm), completely closing the airway.
These procedures should only be performed in a fully equipped operating room, so that if laryngospasm occurs, a breathing tube can be immediately placed in order to keep the airway open.
Epiglottis-A leaf-like piece of cartilage extending upwards from the larynx, which can close like a lid over the trachea to prevent the airway from receiving any food or liquid being swallowed.
Intubation-A procedure in which a tube is inserted through the mouth and into the trachea to keep the airway open and to help a patient breathe.
With treatment (including the establishment of an artificial airway), only about 1 percent of children with epiglottitis die.
Without the artificial airway, this figure jumps to 6 percent.
"Acute Inflammatory Upper Airway Obstruction."
Hypopnea-Shallow or excessively slow breathing usually caused by partial closure of the upper airway during sleep, leading to disruption of sleep.
Tracheotomy-An surgical procedure in which the surgeon cuts directly through the patient's neck into the windpipe below a blockage in order to keep the airway open.
When stimulation and a clear airway do not result in adequate respiration, the physician may give 100 percent oxygen via a face mask.
The airway may be blocked, and the child may be wheezing as well as confused and weak.
The inflammation spreads from the nasal passages to the throat and upper airway, producing a dry cough, headache, and watery eyes.
Bronchiectasis is usually caused by recurrent inflammation of the airway.
For a person with DM, sleep apnea may be treated surgically to maintain an open airway.
Mouth injuries can result in compression of the airway, which interrupts breathing and can be life-threatening.
Acute bronchitis, like any upper airway inflammatory process, can increase a child's likelihood of developing pneumonia.
The physician will listen to the child's chest with a stethoscope for specific sounds that indicate lung inflammation, such as moist rales and crackling, and wheezing, that indicate airway narrowing.
Aspiration pneumonia is a type of pneumonia in which something is aspirated from the upper airway into the lungs.
Viral pneumonia stems primarily from inhaling infected droplets from the upper airway into the lungs.
Some infants may be placed on a ventilator or respirator with a breathing tube inserted into the airway.
Breathing may be severely compromised in progressive botulism because of failure of the muscles that control the airway and breathing.
If the victim's breathing has stopped or is otherwise impaired, a tube is inserted into the windpipe (trachea) to maintain the airway (endotracheal intubation).
In severe cases, airway obstruction may occur.
Airway swelling may require emergency injection of epinephrine (adrenaline).
Babies with neonatal Graves' disease may suffer from prematurity, airway obstruction, and heart failure.
In newborns, the most common cause of cardiopulmonary arrest is respiratory failure caused by sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), airway obstruction (usually from inhalation of a foreign body), sepsis, neurologic disease, or drowning.
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a disorder that occurs when the vocal cords move toward each other when a person breathes, narrowing the airway and causing wheezing and difficulty breathing.
In an individual with vocal cord dysfunction, instead of being drawn apart, the vocal cords move together, narrowing and partially blocking the airway.
The drug paralyzes the muscle, making it impossible for the vocal cords to move across the airway.
Exercise-induced bronchospasm-A sudden contraction in the lower airway that causes breathing problems and is brought about by heavy exercise.
Stridor-A term used to describe noisy breathing in general and to refer specifically to a high-pitched crowing sound associated with croup, respiratory infection, and airway obstruction.
Some foreign objects lodge in the airway.
He or she may order an x ray of the neck, chest, and/or abdomen to locate a foreign body in the esophagus, airway, or lower digestive tract.
If the object is lodged lower in the airway, a bronchoscope (a special instrument to view the airway and remove obstructions) can be inserted.
Patients with epiglottitis frequently require intubation (insertion of a breathing tube) or a tracheotomy to keep the airway open.
Respiratory acidosis is caused by impaired breathing caused by conditions such as severe chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, or airway obstruction.
Although most local reactions are not serious, if they are near the face or neck, swelling can block the airway and cause serious problems.
A gentler way of assisting breathing, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), delivers an oxygen mixture through nasal prongs or a tube placed through the nose rather than an endotracheal tube.
In infants with pulmonary problems, tracheal intubation (an airway placed in the trachea) may be performed.
In the most typical EA/TEF repair, the fistula is first closed off, creating a separate airway.
This makes the airway cells sensitive to particular materials.
In most cases, inhaling an allergen sets off the chain of biochemical and tissue changes leading to airway inflammation, bronchoconstriction, and wheezing characteristic of asthma.
If the diagnosis is still in doubt, the patient can inhale a suspect allergen while using a spirometer to detect airway narrowing.
Atopy-A state that makes persons more likely to develop allergic reactions of any type, including the inflammation and airway narrowing typical of asthma.
Good respiratory health is not possible without efficient clearance of secretions in the airway.
This difficulty can lead to a vicious cycle of recurrent episodes of inflammation, respiratory infections, lung damage, increased production of excess mucus, and possibly airway obstruction.
Chest physical therapy is one way to reduce the risks of an inefficient clearance of airway secretions.
Various methods of chest physical therapy have been used since the early 1900s to help manage airway clearance disorders.
Chest physical therapy is a method of clearing the airway of excess mucus.
It is based on the theory that when various areas of the chest and back are percussed, shock waves are transmitted through the chest wall, loosening the airway secretions.
Postural drainage uses the force of gravity to assist in effectively draining secretions from the smaller airways into the central airway where they can either be coughed up or suctioned out.
It is an airway clearance method that is administered by applying a mechanical pressure device to the mouth.
The flutter valve is a hand-held mucus clearance device designed to combine positive expiratory pressure (PEP) with high frequency airway oscillations.
Exhalation through the device results in a vibration of the airway walls, which in turn loosens secretions.
"Maintaining Healthy Lungs:The Role of Airway Clearance Therapy.
Obstruction of the airway may result in respiratory compromise and death.
Persons with diphtheria require bed rest with intensive nursing care, including extra fluids, oxygenation, and monitoring for possible heart problems, airway blockage, or involvement of the nervous system.
People with laryngeal diphtheria are kept in a croup tent or high-humidity environment; they may also need throat suctioning or emergency surgery if their airway is blocked.
Babies needing oxygen or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may also be eligible.
The primary focus of treatment is to maintain an open airway and provide an adequate level of oxygen.
If the airway is open and stable, the individual may be given high-flow humidified 100 percent oxygen by mask.
If swelling of the airway tissues is closing off the airway, the person may require the insertion of an endotracheal tube to artificially maintain an open airway.
Some food allergens may cause anaphylaxis, a potentially life-threatening condition marked by tissue swelling, airway constriction, and drop in blood pressure.
Anaphylaxis is marked by airway constriction, blood pressure drop, widespread tissue swelling, heart rhythm abnormalities, and in some cases, loss of consciousness.
Particular care should be taken to assess the affected child's airway status, and he or she should be placed in a recumbent pose and vital signs determined.
For example, US Airway's program, Miles of Hope, will match 1,000 miles for every 5,000 miles donated.
Brands sold include Amoena, Jodee, Camp, American Breast Care and Airway.
Mouth breathing, related to the small nasal airway, contributes to fissured tongue and lips.
airway obstruction in a cohort with Down's syndrome.
Mixed sleep apnea is a combination of the two.Treatment for sleep apnea includes the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and Bi-PAP (bilateral positive airway pressure) machines, CPAP masks, and in some cases, surgery.
Well-fitting CPAP masks are critical for property delivery of the air from a CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure), BiLevel or VPAP (Variable Positive Airway Pressure) or an APAP (Automatic Positive Airway Pressure) machine.
Respironics CPAP technology began in 1985, when the company introduced the first commercial continuous positive airway pressure device, and its innovations have continued to improve sleep for people suffering from obstructive sleep apnea.
Most children recover uneventfully from bronchiolitis, although some studies have suggested that children who have had bronchiolitis may be at higher risk for reactive airway disease throughout the remainder of their lives.
For an infant, the rescuer opens the airway using a gentle head tilt/chin lift or jaw thrust, places their mouth over the infant's mouth and nose then delivers gentle breaths so that the infant's chest rises with each breath.
Hemophilus infections are primarily caused by Haemophilus influenzae, a bacterium that is capable of spreading from the nasal tissues and upper airway, where it is usually found, to the chest, throat, or middle ear.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.