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adolf

adolf Sentence Examples

  • He also renewed the claim which had been made by his predecessor, Adolf, on Thuringia, and interfered in a quarrel over the succession to the Hungarian throne.

  • Michelsen, Die Landgrafschaft Thuringen enter den Konigen Adolf, Albrecht, and Heinrich VII.

  • Herrmann, Julius Kaftan and Adolf Harnack are the chief names, diverges from his teaching in many directions; e.g.

  • Granert's Studien, &c., Freiburg, 1901); Adolf Ausfeld, Der griechische Alexanderroman (Leipzig, 1907), edited after the author's death by W.

  • In 1850 James Richardson, accompanied by Heinrich Barth and Adolf Overweg, reached the lake, also via Tripoli, and Overweg was the first European to navigate its waters (1851).

  • They also printed in1461-1462several papal bulls, proclamations of Adolf of Nassau, &c. Nothing is known to have appeared for three years after the storming and capture of Mainz in 1462.

  • Since the days of Adolf of Holstein and Henry the Lion, a movement of German colonization, in which farmers from the Low Countries, merchants from Lubeck, and monks of the Cistercian Order all played their parts, had been spreading German influence from the Oder to the Vistula, from the Vistula to the Dwina - to Prague, to Gnesen, and even to Novgorod the Great.

  • Ludwig Adolf Peter, Count Wittgenstein >>

  • Gaul, Die Abfassungsverhdltnisse der pseudojustinischen Cohortatio ad Graecos (1902); Adolf Harnack, Diodor von Tarsus.

  • ADOLF HARNACK (1851-), German theologian, was born on the 7th of May 1851 at Dorpat, in Russia, where his father, Theodosius Harnack (1817-1889), held a professorship of pastoral theology.

  • GOTTLIEB CHRISTOPH ADOLF VON HARLESS (1806-1879), German divine, was born at Nuremberg on the 21st of November 1806, and was educated at the universities of Erlangen and Halle.

  • "BARON ADOLF VON MARSCHALL VON BIEBERSTEIN (1842-1912), German diplomatist, was born at Carlsruhe Oct.

  • Erlenmeyer (4) and Adolf Claus (5).

  • Mention may be made of the phenomenon of halochromism, the name given to the power of colourless or faintly-coloured substances of combining with acids to form highly-coloured substances without the necessary production of a chromophoric group. The researches of Adolf von Baeyer and Villiger, Kehrmann, Kauffmann and others, show that this property is possessed by very many and varied substances.

  • viii.; Adolf Schmidt, Pariser Zustc nde wahrend der Revolutionszeit von 1789-1800 (Jena, 1874).

  • Karl Friedrich Adolf Wuttke >>

  • In 1842 he became professor ordinarius at Rostock, but in 1845 returned once more to Erlangen as the successor of Gottlieb Christoph Adolf von Harless (1806-1879), founder of the Zeitschrift fur Protestantismus and Kirche, of which Hofmann became one of the editors in 1846, J.

  • ADOLF JELLINEK (1821-1893), Jewish preacher and scholar, was born in Moravia.

  • Adolf Bernhard Christoph Hilgenfeld >>

  • KARL FRIEDRICH ADOLF WUTTKE (1819-1870), German Protestant theologian, was born at Breslau on the 10th of November 1819.

  • Adolf Bastian >>

  • In the case of gastric dilatation from pyloric obstruction great relief may be afforded by washing out the viscus by means of a long rubber tube, a funnel, and a jug of hot water, as originally suggested by Adolf Kussmaul.

  • To this list we must add the short but incomparable feuilletons (tdrezalevelek) of Dr Adolf Agai (writing under the nom de plume of Porz6), whose influence on the formation of modern Hungarian literary prose is hardly less important than the unique esprit and charm of his writings.

  • Meyer, Die Insel Tenerife (Leipzig, 1896), " Uber die Urbewohner der canarischen Inseln," in Adolf Bastian Festschrift (Berlin, 1896); F.

  • After the death of his more moderateminded friend Adolf Sander (March 9th, 1845), Hecker's tone towards the government became more and more bitter.

  • Of his daughters, the princess Charlotte was married to Bernard, hereditary prince of Meiningen; the princess Victoria to Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe; the princess Sophie to the duke of Sparta, crown prince of Greece; and the princess Margaretha to Prince Friedrich Karl of Hesse.

  • die jildisch-alexandrinische Theosophie, Stuttgart, 1831) was rapidly followed by an elaborate biography, in two volumes, of Gustavus Adolphus (Gustav Adolf, Konig von Schweden, and seine Zeit, Stuttgart, 1835-1837), and by a critical history of primitve Christianity (Kritische Geschichte des Urchristenthums, 3 vols., Stuttgart, 1838).

  • Among the more recent are: Sdmtliche Werke (Stuttgart, 1890), edited by Adolf Stern; by H.

  • Noel's Gustaf Adolf (London, 1904) and a paper by the same officer in the Journal of the United States Institution of India (Oct.

  • Freiherr Von Lutzow Adolf >>

  • Naivasha was discovered in 1883 by Gustav Adolf Fischer (1848-1886), one of the early explorers of the Tana and Masai regions, and the first to demonstrate the continuance of the rift-valley through equatorial Africa.

  • Duchesne, Origines du culte chretien (Paris, 1898); Joseph Bingham, Origines ecclesiasticae (London, 1834); Adolf Harnack, Dogmengeschichte (Freiburg, 1897).

  • 4); - words which Adolf Harnack has placed on the title-page of his larger History of Dogma.

  • In 1822 Auguste Miot endeavoured to improve on Larcher; and in 1828-1832 Dr Adolf Scholl brought out a German translation with copious notes (new ed., 1855), which has to some extent superseded the work of Lange.

  • Kirchhoff, Uber die Entstehungszeit des Herodotischen Geschichtswerkes (Berlin, 1878); Adolf Bauer, Herodots Biographie (Vienna, 1878); H.

  • Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf Von Baeyer >>

  • Beyschlag, Karl Ullmann (1867), and Adolf Hausrath in Kleine Schriften religionsgeschichtlichen Inhalts (1883).

  • Kritiken, Eduard Zeller's Theologische Jahrbucher, and Adolf Hilgenfeld's Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Theologie.

  • See Heinrich Steiner, Ferdinand Hitzig (1882); and Adolf Kamphausen's article in Herzog-Hauck's Realencyklopadie.

  • The distinction between real and nominal sovereignty was familiar to medieval writers, who recognized a double sovereignty, and distinguished between (1) the real or practical sovereignty resident in the people, and (2) the personal sovereignty of the ruler (Adolf Dock, Der Souveranitaitsbegrif, &c., p. 13).

  • See the collection of definitions in Der Souveranitatsbegriff im Bodin, &c., by Dr Adolf Dock (1897), p. 6, and in La Conception juridique de l'etat, by Combothecra, p. 90).

  • A great part of the original of the Chronicle has been published by Adolf Bauer (Leipzig, 1905) from the Codex Matritensis Graecus, 22 I.

  • ADOLF BERNHARD CHRISTOPH HILGENFELD (1823-1907), German Protestant divine, was born at Stappenbeck near Salzwedel in Prussian Saxony on the 2nd of June 1823.

  • His eldest son, Gustav, is the author of several well-known historical works, namely, Gustav Adolf (Leipzig, 1869-1870); Herzog Bernhard von Weimar (Leipzig, 1885); an admirable Historischer Handatlas (Leipzig, 1885), and several writings on various events of the Thirty Years' War.

  • modified form of which was elaborated by Dr Adolf Engler of Berlin, the principal editor of Die naturliche Pflanzenfamilien.

  • It has afforded material for several dramas, and Adolf Bottger, Friedrich Hebbel and Otto Ludwig have each written one entitled Agnes Bernauer.

  • The last of the Khoja revolts (1857) was of about equal duration with the previous one, and took place under Wali-Khan, a degraded debauchee, and the murderer of the lamented traveller Adolf Schlagintweit.

  • A good guide to the history of the Jagiellonic period, 1386-1572, is also Adolf Pawinski's Poland in the 15th Century (Pol., Warsaw, 1883-1886).

  • Adolf Dygasinski writes clever village tales of the "kail-yard" school, as it has been sometimes termed in England.

  • Adolf Wilbrandt >>

  • Droysen, Max Duncker, Ernst Curtius, Arnold Schafer and Adolf Holm; Greek antiquities that of M.

  • Adolf Wagner >>

  • (1899), Gustav Adolf (1900), and Gustav Vasa (1899); Till Damascus (1898) indicated a return in the direction of religion; Folkungasagan (1899) was represented in 1901; and the OA plays Avent (" Advent ") and Brott och brott (" Crime for Crime "), printed together in 1899, were successfully represented in 1900, both in Sweden and Germany.

  • In 1197, however, German jealousy of Denmark's ambitions, especially when Canute led a fleet against the pirates of Esthonia, induced Otto, margrave of Brandenburg, to invade Pomerania, while in the following year Otto, in conjunction with Duke Adolf of Holstein, wasted the dominions of the Danophil Abodrites.

  • The war continued intermittently till 1201, when Duke Valdemar, Canute's younger brother, conquered the whole of Holstein, and Duke Adolf was subsequently captured at Hamburg and sent in chains to Denmark.

  • Friedrich Adolf Wilhelm Diesterweg >>

  • BERNHARD ERNST VON BULOW (1815-1879), Danish and German statesman, was the son of Adolf von Billow, a Danish official, and was born at Cismar in Holstein on the 2nd of August 1815.

  • Consult the bibliography in Adolf Marcuse, Die hawaiischen Inseln (Berlin, 1894); A.

  • Bingham, A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (Hartford, 1848); Isabella Bird, Six Months in the Sandwich Islands (New York, 1881); Adolf Bastian, Zur Kenntnis Hawaiis (Berlin, 1883); the annual Reports of the governor of Hawaii, of the Hawaii Agricultural Experiment Station, of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Experiment Station, of the Board of Commissioners on Agriculture and Forestry, and of the Hawaii Promotion Committee; and the Papers of the Hawaiian Historical Society.

  • Adolf Jellinek >>

  • (Vienna, 1904); Zygmunt Celichowski, Materials for the history of the reign of Sigismund the Old (Pol.) (Posen, 1900); Adolf Pawinski, The youthful years of Sigismund the Old (Pol.) (Warsaw, 1893); Adam Darowski, Bona Sforza (1904).

  • C. von Schwarzenberg, archbishop of Salzburg (1809-1885), Valentine Stanig (1774-1847), Adolf Schaubach (1800-1850), above all, P. J.

  • On the death of Gustavus III., Charles, now duke of Sudermania, acted as regent of Sweden till 1796; but the real ruler of the country was the narrow-minded and vindictive Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm, whose mischievous influence over him was supreme.

  • He married his cousin Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp (1759-1818), but their only child, Carl Adolf, duke of Vermland, died in infancy (1798).

  • William, a loyal servant of the emperor Sigismund, died in 1435, leaving an only son, Adolf, who died five years later; and Ernest, distinguished for his bodily strength, died in 1438.

  • More recently poems have been composed on the subject in German by Adolf Wilbrandt, Fritz Lienhard and others; in English by Robert Buchanan, and in Dutch by H.

  • Another result of Lessing's labours in Hamburg was the Antiquarische Briefe (1768), a series of masterly letters in answer to Christian Adolf Klotz (1738-1771), a professor of the university of Halle, who, after flattering Lessing, had attacked him, and sought to establish a kind of intellectual despotism by means of critical journals which he directly or indirectly controlled.

  • Adolf von Sonnenthal >>

  • ADOLF BASTIAN (1826-), German ethnologist, was born at Bremen on the 26th of June 1826.

  • Adolf Knop suggested that this may have first yielded hydrocarbons by contact with water, and that from these the crystalline diamond has been formed.

  • The elder of these, Adolf II, (d.

  • Hohenwart resigned, but at the same time Beust was dismissed, and a new cabinet was chosen once more from among the German Liberals, under the leadership of Prince Adolf Auersperg, whose brother Carlos had been one of the chief members in the Burger Ministerium.

  • In 1880 Ludwig Stern (Koptische Grammatik) admirably classified the grammatical forms of Coptic. The much more difficult task of recovering the grammar of Egyptian has occupied thirty years of special study by Adolf Erman and his school at Berlin, and has now reached an advanced stage.

  • Adam Adolf Oberlander >>

  • Weitemeyer, Denmark (London, 1901); Adolf Ditlev Jorgensen, Historiske Afhandlinger (Copenhagen, 1898); ib.

  • The other great hymn-writer was Hans Adolf Brorson (1694-1764), who published in 1740 a great psalm-book at the king's command, in which he added his own to the best of Kingo's.

  • Ludvig Adolf Bbdtcher (1793-1874) wrote a single volume of lyrical poems, which he gradually enlarged in succeeding editions.

  • A modification of Eichler's system, embracing the most recent views of the affinities of the orders of Angiosperms, has been put forward by Dr Adolf Engler of Berlin, who adopts the suggestive names Archichlamydeae and Metachlamydeae for the two subdivisions of Dicotyledons.

  • Roth, Geschichte des Romischen Konigs Adolf I.

  • Ennen, Die Wahl des Konigs Adolf von Nassau (Cologne, 1866); L.

  • Schmid, Die Wahl des Grafen Adolf von Nassau zum Romischen Konig; B.

  • JOHN ADOLF DAHLGREN (1809-1870), admiral in the U.S. navy, was the son of the Swedish consul at Philadelphia, Pennsyl vania, and was born in that city on the 13th of November 1809.

  • Rouse Ball, Origin and History of the Mathematical Tripos (Cambridge, 1880); Adolf Beier, Die hoheren Schulen in Preussen and ihre Lehrer (1902-1906) (in progress); Cloudesley Brereton, " A New Method of awarding Scholarships," School World, 1907, p. 409; G.

  • 1326) married Irmingardis, heiress of Limburg, and in right of his wife laid claim to the duchy against Adolf of Berg, who had sold his rights to John I.

  • 1423), in the united sovereignty of Gelderland, Zutphen and Jiilich, who, in accordance with a promise made before his accession, ceded the town of Emmerich to Duke Adolf of Cleves.

  • Arnold was recognized as duke in 1424 by the emperor Sigismund, but in the following year the emperor revoked his decision and bestowed the duchy upon Adolf of Berg.

  • In his later years a conspiracy was formed against him, headed by his wife, the violent and ambitious Catherine of Cleves, and his son Adolf.

  • Arnold was at first successful and Adolf had to go into exile; but he returned, and in 1465, having taken his father prisoner by treachery, interned him in the castle of Buren.

  • In 1471 he forced Adolf to release his father, who sold the reversion of the duchy to the duke of Burgundy for 92,000 golden gulden.

  • After Charles's death in 1477 Adolf was released from the captivity in which he had been held, and placed himself at the head of a party in the powerful city of Ghent, which sought to settle the disputed succession by forcing a match between him and Mary, the heiress of Burgundy.

  • Catherine, Adolf's sister, made an attempt to assert the rights of his son Charles to the duchy, but by 1483 Maximilian had crushed all opposition and established himself as duke of Gelderland.

  • Adolf Franz Friedrich, Freiherr von Knigge >>

  • The greater part of the work, which took nine years to execute, was designed by Rietschel, and carried out after his death in 1861 by Gustav Kietz (1826-1908), Adolf von Donndorf (b.

  • Heyd, Geschichte des Levantehandels im Mittelalter (2 vols., Stuttgart, 1879; French edition by Furcy Raynaud, 2 vols., Paris, 1885 seq., improved by the author), recognized as a standard work; Adolf Schaube, Handelsgeschichte der romanischen Volker des Mittelmeergebietes bis zum Ende der Kreuzziige (Munich and Berlin, 1906); Aloys Schulte, Geschichte des mittelalterlichen Handels and Verkehrs zwischen Westdeutschland and Italien mit Ausschluss Venedigs (2 vols., Leipzig, 1900); L.

  • - Adolf Harnack, History of Dogma (Eng.

  • - Alfred Loisy, The Gospel and the Church (1904); Adolf Harnack, What is Christianity?

  • (See Adolf Schmidt, Zeits.

  • Pushing on he discovered a new island in Gustav Adolf Sea.

  • FRIEDRICH ADOLF KRUMMACHER (1767-1845), German theologian, was born on the 13th of July 1767 at Tecklenburg, Westphalia.

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Krummacher (1796-1868), son of Friedrich Adolf, studied theology at Halle and Jena, and became pastor successively at Frankfort (1819), Ruhrort (1823), Gemarke, near Barmen in the Wupperthal (1825), and Elberfeld (1834).

  • It has a length, together with its ramifications, of over 5 miles, and is formed of two caverns - one known for several centuries, and another discovered by the naturalist Adolf Schmidl in 1856.

  • FRIEDRICH ADOLF TRENDELENBURG (1802-1872), German philosopher and philologist, was born on the 30th of November 1802 at Eutin, near Lubeck.

  • Bratuschek, Adolf Trendelenburg (Berlin, 1873); C. von Prantl, Gedachtnissrede (Munich, 1873); G.

  • Professor Adolf Bachmann published (vol.

  • JOHANN FRIEDRICH WILHELM ADOLF VON BAEYER (1835-), German chemist, was born at Berlin on the 31st of October 1835, his father being Johann Jacob von Baeyer (1794-1885), chief of the Berlin Geodetical Institute from 1870.

  • In 1692 he ' Besides Friedrich Heinrich, count von Seckendorf, separately noticed, other members of the family were Adolf Franz Karl (1742-1818), who was made a count by Frederick William III.

  • Seckendorf-Aberdar (1775-1809), poet, literary man and soldier; the brothers Christian Adolf (1767-1833) and Gustav Anton ("Patrik Peale") (1775-1823), both literary men of some note, and Arthur v.

  • In 1876 he founded and edited the Theologische Literaturzeitung, and from 1881 to 1910 he edited it with Adolf Harnack.

  • Johann Wilhelm Adolf Kirchhoff >>

  • Adolf Furtwangler >>

  • Friedrich Ferdinand Adolf, Freiherr von Flotow >>

  • In 1423 the duchy of Jiilich fell to Adolf of Berg, and in 1437 the countship of Ravensberg was united to the duchies.

  • Modern research and criticism have been applied in Die mittelrilterliche Kunst in Palermo, by Anton Springer (Bonn, 1869); Historische Topographie von Panormus, by Julius Schubring (Lubeck, 1870); Studii di stories palermitana, by Adolf Holm (Palermo, 1880).

  • in Herzog's Realencyklopiidie; Adolf Hilgenfeld, Einleitung in das Neue Test.

  • Adolf Schreyer >>

  • In 1288 it was raised to the rank of a town by Count Adolf of Berg; from his successors it obtained various privileges, and in 1385 was chosen as their residence.

  • Justus Ludwig Adolf Roth >>

  • Eutin was, according to tradition, founded by Count Adolf II.

  • number of poems and an historical drama, Gustav Adolf (Berlin, 1832).

  • It was first seriously assailed by Adolf Holtzmann (Untersuchungen fiber das Nib., Stuttgart, 1854), who argued that the original could not have been strophic in form - the fourth lines of the strophes are certainly often of the nature of "padding" - that it was written by Konrad (Kuonrat of the Klage), writer to Bishop Pilgrim of Passau about 970-984, and that of existing MSS.

  • Friedrich Adolf Ebert >>

  • Bjorlen, Gustaf Adolf (Stockholm, 1890); R.

  • Bluemel, Gustav Adolf, Konig von Schweden (Eisleben, 1894); A.

  • Adolf Hitler used Blondi to make sure cyanide capsules were lethal.

  • compelling viewing in the end... Downfall The last days of Adolf Hitler in his bunker in Berlin.

  • It was somewhere along this ridge that a young German corporal, Adolf Hitler earned an Iron Cross.

  • heavyweight champion warned by Adolf Hitler to beat Joe Louis or else?

  • One painting depicts Britain surrounded by a swirling Maelstrom coming from the mouth of a man who resembles Adolf Hitler.

  • tarred with the brush of Adolf.

  • It is actually quite compelling viewing in the end... Downfall The last days of Adolf Hitler in his bunker in Berlin.

  • He also renewed the claim which had been made by his predecessor, Adolf, on Thuringia, and interfered in a quarrel over the succession to the Hungarian throne.

  • Michelsen, Die Landgrafschaft Thuringen enter den Konigen Adolf, Albrecht, and Heinrich VII.

  • ADOLF FURTWANGLER (1853-1907), German archaeologist, was born at Freiburg im Breisgau, and was educated there, at Leipzig and at Munich, where he was a pupil of H.

  • His son, GEORG ADOLF ERMAN (1806-1877), was born in Berlin on the 12th of May 1806, and after studying natural science at Berlin and Konigsberg, spent from 1828 to 1830 in a journey round the world, an account of which he published in Reise urn die Erde durch Nordasien and die beiden Ozeane (1833-1848).

  • His son JOHANN PETER ADOLF ERMAN (1854-), a famous Egyptologist, was born in Berlin on the 31st of October 1854.

  • In 1870 he became chief pastor and superintendent at Jena and soon afterwards professor ordinarius of theology, but in 1875 he was called to the chair of systematic theology at Berlin, having made his name by a series of articles on New Testament criticism and Johannine, and Pauline theology, which appeared in Adolf Hilgenfeld's Zeitschrift fiir wissenschaftliche Theologie, and by his Der Paulinismus, published in 1873 (2nd ed., 1890; Eng.

  • (Leipzig, 1884-1886), are on the whole unfavourable; Adolf Schmidt, Das Perikleische Zeitalter (Jena, 1877), V.

  • Herrmann, Julius Kaftan and Adolf Harnack are the chief names, diverges from his teaching in many directions; e.g.

  • Granert's Studien, &c., Freiburg, 1901); Adolf Ausfeld, Der griechische Alexanderroman (Leipzig, 1907), edited after the author's death by W.

  • In 1850 James Richardson, accompanied by Heinrich Barth and Adolf Overweg, reached the lake, also via Tripoli, and Overweg was the first European to navigate its waters (1851).

  • They also printed in1461-1462several papal bulls, proclamations of Adolf of Nassau, &c. Nothing is known to have appeared for three years after the storming and capture of Mainz in 1462.

  • The classifications of Adolf Eduard, Grube and Claparede separated into two subdivisions the aquatic and the terrestrial forms. This scheme, opposed by many, has been reinstated by Sedgwick.

  • Since the days of Adolf of Holstein and Henry the Lion, a movement of German colonization, in which farmers from the Low Countries, merchants from Lubeck, and monks of the Cistercian Order all played their parts, had been spreading German influence from the Oder to the Vistula, from the Vistula to the Dwina - to Prague, to Gnesen, and even to Novgorod the Great.

  • Ludwig Adolf Peter, Count Wittgenstein >>

  • Gaul, Die Abfassungsverhdltnisse der pseudojustinischen Cohortatio ad Graecos (1902); Adolf Harnack, Diodor von Tarsus.

  • ADOLF HARNACK (1851-), German theologian, was born on the 7th of May 1851 at Dorpat, in Russia, where his father, Theodosius Harnack (1817-1889), held a professorship of pastoral theology.

  • GOTTLIEB CHRISTOPH ADOLF VON HARLESS (1806-1879), German divine, was born at Nuremberg on the 21st of November 1806, and was educated at the universities of Erlangen and Halle.

  • "BARON ADOLF VON MARSCHALL VON BIEBERSTEIN (1842-1912), German diplomatist, was born at Carlsruhe Oct.

  • Erlenmeyer (4) and Adolf Claus (5).

  • A rule applicable to organic compounds, due to Adolf v.

  • Mention may be made of the phenomenon of halochromism, the name given to the power of colourless or faintly-coloured substances of combining with acids to form highly-coloured substances without the necessary production of a chromophoric group. The researches of Adolf von Baeyer and Villiger, Kehrmann, Kauffmann and others, show that this property is possessed by very many and varied substances.

  • viii.; Adolf Schmidt, Pariser Zustc nde wahrend der Revolutionszeit von 1789-1800 (Jena, 1874).

  • Karl Friedrich Adolf Wuttke >>

  • In 1842 he became professor ordinarius at Rostock, but in 1845 returned once more to Erlangen as the successor of Gottlieb Christoph Adolf von Harless (1806-1879), founder of the Zeitschrift fur Protestantismus and Kirche, of which Hofmann became one of the editors in 1846, J.

  • ADOLF JELLINEK (1821-1893), Jewish preacher and scholar, was born in Moravia.

  • Adolf Bernhard Christoph Hilgenfeld >>

  • KARL FRIEDRICH ADOLF WUTTKE (1819-1870), German Protestant theologian, was born at Breslau on the 10th of November 1819.

  • Adolf Bastian >>

  • In the case of gastric dilatation from pyloric obstruction great relief may be afforded by washing out the viscus by means of a long rubber tube, a funnel, and a jug of hot water, as originally suggested by Adolf Kussmaul.

  • To this list we must add the short but incomparable feuilletons (tdrezalevelek) of Dr Adolf Agai (writing under the nom de plume of Porz6), whose influence on the formation of modern Hungarian literary prose is hardly less important than the unique esprit and charm of his writings.

  • Meyer, Die Insel Tenerife (Leipzig, 1896), " Uber die Urbewohner der canarischen Inseln," in Adolf Bastian Festschrift (Berlin, 1896); F.

  • After the death of his more moderateminded friend Adolf Sander (March 9th, 1845), Hecker's tone towards the government became more and more bitter.

  • Adolf, Latinized as Adolphus, the form used by Gibbon for the subject of this article), king of the Goths (d.

  • Of his daughters, the princess Charlotte was married to Bernard, hereditary prince of Meiningen; the princess Victoria to Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe; the princess Sophie to the duke of Sparta, crown prince of Greece; and the princess Margaretha to Prince Friedrich Karl of Hesse.

  • die jildisch-alexandrinische Theosophie, Stuttgart, 1831) was rapidly followed by an elaborate biography, in two volumes, of Gustavus Adolphus (Gustav Adolf, Konig von Schweden, and seine Zeit, Stuttgart, 1835-1837), and by a critical history of primitve Christianity (Kritische Geschichte des Urchristenthums, 3 vols., Stuttgart, 1838).

  • Among the more recent are: Sdmtliche Werke (Stuttgart, 1890), edited by Adolf Stern; by H.

  • Noel's Gustaf Adolf (London, 1904) and a paper by the same officer in the Journal of the United States Institution of India (Oct.

  • Freiherr Von Lutzow Adolf >>

  • Naivasha was discovered in 1883 by Gustav Adolf Fischer (1848-1886), one of the early explorers of the Tana and Masai regions, and the first to demonstrate the continuance of the rift-valley through equatorial Africa.

  • Duchesne, Origines du culte chretien (Paris, 1898); Joseph Bingham, Origines ecclesiasticae (London, 1834); Adolf Harnack, Dogmengeschichte (Freiburg, 1897).

  • 4); - words which Adolf Harnack has placed on the title-page of his larger History of Dogma.

  • In 1822 Auguste Miot endeavoured to improve on Larcher; and in 1828-1832 Dr Adolf Scholl brought out a German translation with copious notes (new ed., 1855), which has to some extent superseded the work of Lange.

  • Kirchhoff, Uber die Entstehungszeit des Herodotischen Geschichtswerkes (Berlin, 1878); Adolf Bauer, Herodots Biographie (Vienna, 1878); H.

  • Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf Von Baeyer >>

  • Bedeutung der verschiedenen Formen der Hand, 1846; Landsberg, Die Handteller (Posen,1861); Adolf Desbarolles, Les Mysteres de la main (1859) C. S.

  • Beyschlag, Karl Ullmann (1867), and Adolf Hausrath in Kleine Schriften religionsgeschichtlichen Inhalts (1883).

  • Kritiken, Eduard Zeller's Theologische Jahrbucher, and Adolf Hilgenfeld's Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Theologie.

  • See Heinrich Steiner, Ferdinand Hitzig (1882); and Adolf Kamphausen's article in Herzog-Hauck's Realencyklopadie.

  • The distinction between real and nominal sovereignty was familiar to medieval writers, who recognized a double sovereignty, and distinguished between (1) the real or practical sovereignty resident in the people, and (2) the personal sovereignty of the ruler (Adolf Dock, Der Souveranitaitsbegrif, &c., p. 13).

  • See the collection of definitions in Der Souveranitatsbegriff im Bodin, &c., by Dr Adolf Dock (1897), p. 6, and in La Conception juridique de l'etat, by Combothecra, p. 90).

  • See Peter Edvard Holm, Danmarks indre Historie under Enevaelden (Copenhagen, 1881-1886); Adolf Ditleva Jorgensen, Peter Griffenfeldt (Copenhagen, 1893); Robert Nisbet Bain, Scandinavia cap. x., xi.

  • A great part of the original of the Chronicle has been published by Adolf Bauer (Leipzig, 1905) from the Codex Matritensis Graecus, 22 I.

  • ADOLF BERNHARD CHRISTOPH HILGENFELD (1823-1907), German Protestant divine, was born at Stappenbeck near Salzwedel in Prussian Saxony on the 2nd of June 1823.

  • His eldest son, Gustav, is the author of several well-known historical works, namely, Gustav Adolf (Leipzig, 1869-1870); Herzog Bernhard von Weimar (Leipzig, 1885); an admirable Historischer Handatlas (Leipzig, 1885), and several writings on various events of the Thirty Years' War.

  • modified form of which was elaborated by Dr Adolf Engler of Berlin, the principal editor of Die naturliche Pflanzenfamilien.

  • It has afforded material for several dramas, and Adolf Bottger, Friedrich Hebbel and Otto Ludwig have each written one entitled Agnes Bernauer.

  • The last of the Khoja revolts (1857) was of about equal duration with the previous one, and took place under Wali-Khan, a degraded debauchee, and the murderer of the lamented traveller Adolf Schlagintweit.

  • A good guide to the history of the Jagiellonic period, 1386-1572, is also Adolf Pawinski's Poland in the 15th Century (Pol., Warsaw, 1883-1886).

  • Adolf Dygasinski writes clever village tales of the "kail-yard" school, as it has been sometimes termed in England.

  • Adolf Wilbrandt >>

  • Droysen, Max Duncker, Ernst Curtius, Arnold Schafer and Adolf Holm; Greek antiquities that of M.

  • Adolf Wagner >>

  • (1899), Gustav Adolf (1900), and Gustav Vasa (1899); Till Damascus (1898) indicated a return in the direction of religion; Folkungasagan (1899) was represented in 1901; and the OA plays Avent (" Advent ") and Brott och brott (" Crime for Crime "), printed together in 1899, were successfully represented in 1900, both in Sweden and Germany.

  • In 1197, however, German jealousy of Denmark's ambitions, especially when Canute led a fleet against the pirates of Esthonia, induced Otto, margrave of Brandenburg, to invade Pomerania, while in the following year Otto, in conjunction with Duke Adolf of Holstein, wasted the dominions of the Danophil Abodrites.

  • The war continued intermittently till 1201, when Duke Valdemar, Canute's younger brother, conquered the whole of Holstein, and Duke Adolf was subsequently captured at Hamburg and sent in chains to Denmark.

  • Friedrich Adolf Wilhelm Diesterweg >>

  • In the greater part of its course it is a transverse slit, but in traversing the glans it enlarges considerably to form the fossa navicularis, and here, in transverse section, it looks like an inverted T (1), then an inverted Y (A), and finally at its opening '-'uNtAT and Adolf (1806-1871), and his grandsons Johann Adolf and Oskar Philipp.

  • BERNHARD ERNST VON BULOW (1815-1879), Danish and German statesman, was the son of Adolf von Billow, a Danish official, and was born at Cismar in Holstein on the 2nd of August 1815.

  • Consult the bibliography in Adolf Marcuse, Die hawaiischen Inseln (Berlin, 1894); A.

  • Bingham, A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (Hartford, 1848); Isabella Bird, Six Months in the Sandwich Islands (New York, 1881); Adolf Bastian, Zur Kenntnis Hawaiis (Berlin, 1883); the annual Reports of the governor of Hawaii, of the Hawaii Agricultural Experiment Station, of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Experiment Station, of the Board of Commissioners on Agriculture and Forestry, and of the Hawaii Promotion Committee; and the Papers of the Hawaiian Historical Society.

  • Adolf Jellinek >>

  • (Vienna, 1904); Zygmunt Celichowski, Materials for the history of the reign of Sigismund the Old (Pol.) (Posen, 1900); Adolf Pawinski, The youthful years of Sigismund the Old (Pol.) (Warsaw, 1893); Adam Darowski, Bona Sforza (1904).

  • C. von Schwarzenberg, archbishop of Salzburg (1809-1885), Valentine Stanig (1774-1847), Adolf Schaubach (1800-1850), above all, P. J.

  • On the death of Gustavus III., Charles, now duke of Sudermania, acted as regent of Sweden till 1796; but the real ruler of the country was the narrow-minded and vindictive Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm, whose mischievous influence over him was supreme.

  • He married his cousin Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp (1759-1818), but their only child, Carl Adolf, duke of Vermland, died in infancy (1798).

  • William, a loyal servant of the emperor Sigismund, died in 1435, leaving an only son, Adolf, who died five years later; and Ernest, distinguished for his bodily strength, died in 1438.

  • More recently poems have been composed on the subject in German by Adolf Wilbrandt, Fritz Lienhard and others; in English by Robert Buchanan, and in Dutch by H.

  • Another result of Lessing's labours in Hamburg was the Antiquarische Briefe (1768), a series of masterly letters in answer to Christian Adolf Klotz (1738-1771), a professor of the university of Halle, who, after flattering Lessing, had attacked him, and sought to establish a kind of intellectual despotism by means of critical journals which he directly or indirectly controlled.

  • Adolf von Sonnenthal >>

  • ADOLF BASTIAN (1826-), German ethnologist, was born at Bremen on the 26th of June 1826.

  • Adolf Knop suggested that this may have first yielded hydrocarbons by contact with water, and that from these the crystalline diamond has been formed.

  • But now the view of the critico-historical school of Protestant thought, of which Dr Adolf Harnack is so representative a spokesman, is that the preservation of spiritual religion in Catholic Christianity, both Eastern and Western, has been mainly, if not wholly, due to monasticism (see Harnack's early tractate Das Monchtum, translated under the title Monasticism, by E.

  • His predecessor, Adolf Siegfried Osten, had been dismissed because he was not persona grata at St Petersburg, and Bernstorff's first official act was to conclude the negotiations which had long been pending with the grand-duke Paul as duke of Holstein-Gottorp. The result was the exchangetreaty of the 1st of June (May 21 O.S.) 1773, confirming the previous treaty of 1767 (see Bernstorff, H.

  • The elder of these, Adolf II, (d.

  • Hohenwart resigned, but at the same time Beust was dismissed, and a new cabinet was chosen once more from among the German Liberals, under the leadership of Prince Adolf Auersperg, whose brother Carlos had been one of the chief members in the Burger Ministerium.

  • In 1880 Ludwig Stern (Koptische Grammatik) admirably classified the grammatical forms of Coptic. The much more difficult task of recovering the grammar of Egyptian has occupied thirty years of special study by Adolf Erman and his school at Berlin, and has now reached an advanced stage.

  • Adam Adolf Oberlander >>

  • Weitemeyer, Denmark (London, 1901); Adolf Ditlev Jorgensen, Historiske Afhandlinger (Copenhagen, 1898); ib.

  • The other great hymn-writer was Hans Adolf Brorson (1694-1764), who published in 1740 a great psalm-book at the king's command, in which he added his own to the best of Kingo's.

  • Ludvig Adolf Bbdtcher (1793-1874) wrote a single volume of lyrical poems, which he gradually enlarged in succeeding editions.

  • A modification of Eichler's system, embracing the most recent views of the affinities of the orders of Angiosperms, has been put forward by Dr Adolf Engler of Berlin, who adopts the suggestive names Archichlamydeae and Metachlamydeae for the two subdivisions of Dicotyledons.

  • Roth, Geschichte des Romischen Konigs Adolf I.

  • Ennen, Die Wahl des Konigs Adolf von Nassau (Cologne, 1866); L.

  • Schmid, Die Wahl des Grafen Adolf von Nassau zum Romischen Konig; B.

  • JOHN ADOLF DAHLGREN (1809-1870), admiral in the U.S. navy, was the son of the Swedish consul at Philadelphia, Pennsyl vania, and was born in that city on the 13th of November 1809.

  • Rouse Ball, Origin and History of the Mathematical Tripos (Cambridge, 1880); Adolf Beier, Die hoheren Schulen in Preussen and ihre Lehrer (1902-1906) (in progress); Cloudesley Brereton, " A New Method of awarding Scholarships," School World, 1907, p. 409; G.

  • 1326) married Irmingardis, heiress of Limburg, and in right of his wife laid claim to the duchy against Adolf of Berg, who had sold his rights to John I.

  • 1423), in the united sovereignty of Gelderland, Zutphen and Jiilich, who, in accordance with a promise made before his accession, ceded the town of Emmerich to Duke Adolf of Cleves.

  • Arnold was recognized as duke in 1424 by the emperor Sigismund, but in the following year the emperor revoked his decision and bestowed the duchy upon Adolf of Berg.

  • Arnold in retaliation laid claim to the duchy of Jiilich, which had likewise been granted to Adolf by Sigismund, and a war followed in which the cities and nobles of Gelderland stood by Arnold; it ended in Arnold retaining Gelderland and Zutphen, and Gerard, the son of Adolf (d.

  • In his later years a conspiracy was formed against him, headed by his wife, the violent and ambitious Catherine of Cleves, and his son Adolf.

  • Arnold was at first successful and Adolf had to go into exile; but he returned, and in 1465, having taken his father prisoner by treachery, interned him in the castle of Buren.

  • In 1471 he forced Adolf to release his father, who sold the reversion of the duchy to the duke of Burgundy for 92,000 golden gulden.

  • After Charles's death in 1477 Adolf was released from the captivity in which he had been held, and placed himself at the head of a party in the powerful city of Ghent, which sought to settle the disputed succession by forcing a match between him and Mary, the heiress of Burgundy.

  • Catherine, Adolf's sister, made an attempt to assert the rights of his son Charles to the duchy, but by 1483 Maximilian had crushed all opposition and established himself as duke of Gelderland.

  • Adolf Franz Friedrich, Freiherr von Knigge >>

  • The greater part of the work, which took nine years to execute, was designed by Rietschel, and carried out after his death in 1861 by Gustav Kietz (1826-1908), Adolf von Donndorf (b.

  • Heyd, Geschichte des Levantehandels im Mittelalter (2 vols., Stuttgart, 1879; French edition by Furcy Raynaud, 2 vols., Paris, 1885 seq., improved by the author), recognized as a standard work; Adolf Schaube, Handelsgeschichte der romanischen Volker des Mittelmeergebietes bis zum Ende der Kreuzziige (Munich and Berlin, 1906); Aloys Schulte, Geschichte des mittelalterlichen Handels and Verkehrs zwischen Westdeutschland and Italien mit Ausschluss Venedigs (2 vols., Leipzig, 1900); L.

  • Edwin Hatch, " The Influence of Greek Ideas and Usages upon the Christian Church," the Hibbert Lectures, 1888 (1890); Adolf Harnack, The Expansion of Christianity in the First Three Centuries (Eng.

  • - Adolf Harnack, History of Dogma (Eng.

  • - Alfred Loisy, The Gospel and the Church (1904); Adolf Harnack, What is Christianity?

  • (See Adolf Schmidt, Zeits.

  • Pushing on he discovered a new island in Gustav Adolf Sea.

  • FRIEDRICH ADOLF KRUMMACHER (1767-1845), German theologian, was born on the 13th of July 1767 at Tecklenburg, Westphalia.

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Krummacher (1796-1868), son of Friedrich Adolf, studied theology at Halle and Jena, and became pastor successively at Frankfort (1819), Ruhrort (1823), Gemarke, near Barmen in the Wupperthal (1825), and Elberfeld (1834).

  • It has a length, together with its ramifications, of over 5 miles, and is formed of two caverns - one known for several centuries, and another discovered by the naturalist Adolf Schmidl in 1856.

  • FRIEDRICH ADOLF TRENDELENBURG (1802-1872), German philosopher and philologist, was born on the 30th of November 1802 at Eutin, near Lubeck.

  • Bratuschek, Adolf Trendelenburg (Berlin, 1873); C. von Prantl, Gedachtnissrede (Munich, 1873); G.

  • Professor Adolf Bachmann published (vol.

  • Of later Bohemian poets the best are Adolf Heyduk, Svatopluk Cech and Jaroslav Vrchlicky (b.

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