Here it develops into a larval, or rather an adolescent form.
My adolescent years were some of the worst of my life.
The adolescent stage of life is an awkward one, there's no denying it.
My adolescent daughter spends hours on the phone every night, gabbing with her friends.
His stereotypical adolescent attitude earned him a week of dish-washing duty.
Lisa's adolescent children are the most polite teenagers I've ever met.
Billy and all of his adolescent friends spend every free moment at the skate park.
Jason evolved from a cheery young boy into a moody adolescent.
An incredible amount of maturing is often observed during the adolescent phase of one's life.
The adolescent boy sitting awkwardly in the corner hasn't spoken for hours.
He continued to brag about his menial accomplishments, as adolescent boys are prone to do.
Susan was such a goody two-shoes as an adolescent, she never went to any parties or stayed out past curfew.
gait disturbances in the adolescent.
A second easel stood with five photographs of a male adolescent.
I desperately race around the classroom, arms flailing in clumsy attempts to grasp at adolescent screeches and high-pitched howls of derisive laughter.
adolescent angst, a book in which the hero's children hang themselves does not suggest a frivolous nature.
adolescent gynecology - Pregnancy Q 5. 16 Are there any particular worries about a teenager having a pregnancy?
adolescent psychotherapy, 1, 63-68.
Anyway, I can imagine nothing more absurd than the sight of a 53 year old standing publicly bleating songs of adolescent angst.
bowing tibia toddler with cafÃ© au lait spot Discussion on NF1 and management pseudoarthrosis tibia Clinical photograph adolescent pes planus.
Mutually consensual sexual activity between young people is a normal part of adolescent development and should be clearly distinguished from sexual abuse.
Meltzer had a profound inwardness, and practical acquaintance with the child, adolescent and adult in the consulting room.
Donald Campbell, a child, adolescent and adult psychoanalyst, works in the National Health Service and in private practice.
The following websites offer teenage and parental assistance, as well as crisis control for adolescent runaway situations.
It was fun to see someone else deal with the adolescent.
adolescent psychotherapist, and a senior CAMHS nurse.
Nigel Hall Manchester Metropolitan University Variables in child and adolescent language brokering.
Ste was an adolescent with a bad hairstyle and a flasher Mac.
We provide a range of treatment packages, and a specialist adolescent service as we are licensed to accept females from 14 years.
If the adolescent has formulated a plan, ask for details.
This service is to be extended further with an adolescent clinic at UCLH where 4-6 patients including osteogenesis imperfecta will be seen.
He also teased Michael about his adolescent pimples and broad nose.
There are many stages of male puberty that adolescent boys will experience on their journey to manhood.
Adolescent cliques are a part of growing up.
My son just turned 13 and now he's filled with adolescent angst.
You went through the toddler décor and moved into the adolescent style with great finesse, but now it's time to reconsider your family room and how you'll be using it over the few years.
The collision of respectable social class mixed with adolescent angst gives the "soft punk" look that emo makeup is becoming famous for.
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry offers a basic fact sheet on eating disorders.
Many parents believe the pre adolescent years are too early to talk about sex and relationships; however one must remember this is the age they are hearing about it on the streets, or rather, in the school hallways.
Learning how to ask a girl out in junior high is just one of many daunting tasks for adolescent boys.
Although mental illness does play a part in a portion of adolescent suicides, this is not true for every case.
You simply can't know if talking about might be just the thing an adolescent needs in order to open up about his or her true feelings, and this is why you mustn't be apprehensive about bringing up the topic of suicide.
Ask if the adolescent has thought about suicide.
If yes, ask if the adolescent has thought about how he or she would commit suicide.
In this article, you will find a list of places you can find the latest in fashion for an adolescent.
Teens will work on their inner self through therapy from licensed counselors and therapists trained to deal with adolescent issues.
Adolescent obesity is a growing problem in the United States, and in other countries as well.
According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (or the AACP), obesity is the cause of more than 300,000 deaths every year.
Aacap also reports that sixteen through thirty percent of the adolescent population in America is obese, though being overweight and being obese are different things.
There are many different ways you can live a healthy lifestyle, and avoid adolescent obesity in your children.
As a growing adult, teenagers have many adolescent nutritional needs that assist them in becoming healthy adults.
These are only a few of the problems that can result from not fulfilling adolescent nutritional needs.
Teen suicide is preventable if a loved one takes the time to acknowledge the suffering adolescent.
Most teenagers will want to redecorate their bedroom at least a couple of times during their adolescent years.
A pre teenage girl will probably get in more trouble during her adolescent years than she did during her childhood, since she will be more likely to give into peer pressure.
Raising pre-teens and teenagers might seem a little intimidating to some parents, but if the adolescent years are handled correctly, they can be enjoyable for both the child and the parents.
The adolescent years bring more opportunities for children to relate with their parents as well as more independence.
Teenagers begin to develop individual personalities when they begin their adolescent years, and sometimes this change gives them a rebellious side.
Besides therapists, most wilderness camps have adolescent mentors who work to gain the respect and trust of the teenagers.
If your teen has been acting out, you may wonder if his/her behavior is really teen depression or simply normal adolescent moodiness.
The warning signs at first might mimic normal adolescent angst like irritability, moodiness and defiance.
A depressed adolescent will start to lose interest and motivation to do the things he or she used to enjoy.
To mask the feelings, emotions and thoughts an adolescent experiences, the adolescent may start using drugs or alcohol to cope.
An adolescent may start skipping classes and doing poorly on schoolwork.
The issue of adolescent chemical dependency is one that parents, teachers and the community as a whole need to be aware of.
The adolescent has started to experience negative consequences as the result of his or her drug and/or alcohol use.
The Adolescent Chemical Dependency Inventory is used to evaluate young people in schools and treatment facilities.
During her adolescent middle school years, Tila began getting herself in to trouble at school and her parents sent her to boarding school in an attempt to help straighten her out.
About a decade ago, when Rodman was better known for his skills on the court than any of his other cross-dressing, attention getting adolescent behavior, Rodman was arrested multiple times in a span of a few short months for drunk driving.
For older girls, the trends are shifting back towards dresses that are smaller versions of what adolescent and young adult women wear.
This is a stage of adolescent common to every generation.
The best places to find younger girls' dresses will not necessarily cater to the adolescent and teen crowd.
Walden University Online offers master's of education degrees in adolescent literacy and technology, elementary reading and literacy, elementary reading and mathematics, and literacy and learning in the content areas.
These handmade bracelets, popular with adolescent girls, members of the surfer culture, and those who enjoy handmade jewelry, are usually constructed from strong thread or embroidery floss.
Gothic trench coats are seen in video games and anime as well, and these mediums' increased sophistication means they are no longer solely the province of adolescent boys.
In both cases the symptoms are typically diagnosed during the adolescent or teenage years, although they can occur at any time.
If the patient is an adolescent female with extremely heavy periods, splenectomy may also be recommended.
In adolescent females, a pelvic exam may be conducted to detect cancers of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, and vagina.
In adolescent males, inspection of the rectum and prostate may be included in the physical examination.
McDonald, Ralph E., et al. Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent.
TA, which was first described by a Japanese ophthalmologist in 1908, is primarily a disease of adolescent and young adult women, although it has been diagnosed in children as young as six months.
Aspirin should not be given to a child or adolescent with a fever since this drug has been linked to an increased risk of the serious condition called Reye's syndrome.
Therapeutic wilderness programs often serve as a transition to long-term therapeutic placement in a residential treatment center or emotional growth boarding school, depending on the needs of the adolescent.
Candida is a common cause of vaginal infections in adolescent girls, especially when the normal populations of the bacteria Lactobacilli have been reduced due to antibiotic use, allowing the overgrowth of Candida.
Over 1 million adult women and adolescent girls in the United States develop vaginal yeast infections each year.
Most adolescent girls with vaginal candidiasis experience severe vaginal itching and have a discharge that often looks like cottage cheese and has a sweet or bread-like odor.
If an adolescent girl has frequent recurrences, she should consult her doctor about prescription drugs such as Vagistat-1, Diflucan, and others.
It is, however, a growing problem in the early 2000s among adolescent females.
Adolescent Medicine 14, no. 1 (February 1, 2003): 49-59.
Adolescent Medicine 14, no. 3 (October 1, 2003): 677-89.
Harrison, Patricia A., et al. "The Adolescent Health Review: A Test of a Computerized Screening Tool in School-Based Clinics."
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 3615 Wisconsin Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20016-3007.
CPR should be performed if an infant, child, or adolescent is unconscious and not breathing.
Almost every child or adolescent faces the death of someone close (a relative, friend, or even a pet) at some point in his or her life.
Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule."
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. no. 44 (November 1995). [cited August 17, 2004].
Approximately one third of children with Tourette syndrome will experience complete or nearly complete remission during their late adolescent and early adult years.
When used together correctly, therapy and antidepressants are a powerful treatment plan for the depressed child or adolescent.
The study concluded that rather than viewing adolescent vegetarianism as a phase or fad, the diet could be viewed as a healthy alternative to the traditional American meat-based diet.
Not really a characteristic of adolescent girls, PMS symptoms usually begin between ages 20 and 30 years.
Parents should be aware of the symptoms of PMS in their adolescent daughters.
Derman, O., et al. "Premenstrual syndrome and associated symptoms in adolescent girls."
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 3615 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20016-3007.
National Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 3615 Wisconsin Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016.
"The Adolescent with a Painful Scrotum."
Aspirin, however, should not be given to a child or adolescent with a fever since this drug has been linked to an increased risk of Reye's syndrome.
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicone 158, no. 10 (2004): 972-6.
Family history should be taken into consideration in any adolescent with primary amenorrhea, as mothers who started to menstruate late will often have daughters who also menstruate late.
It most commonly occurs in adolescent females.
Parents should call the doctor if their child or adolescent experiences excessive sweating unrelated to an obvious medical condition (e.g., high fever) or physical exertion.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43 (May 2004): 559-67.
There are two subtypes of CD, one beginning in childhood (childhood onset) and the other in adolescence (adolescent onset).
The Brown University Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Update. 6, no.8 (August 2004): 1+.
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 3615 Wisconsin Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20016. (202) 966-7300.
The adolescent inventory is shorter than the standard adult version, was developed at a sixth-grade reading level, and is geared towards adolescent issues and personality "norms."
The results of the test reflect an adolescent's personality strengths and weaknesses, and may identify certain disturbances of personality (psychopathologies) or mental deficits caused by neurological problems.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42, no.2 (February 2003): 176-83.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 41, no. 7 (July 2002): 791-8.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 41, no. 5 (May 2002): 538-45.
Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 154 (April 2000): 370-74.
A socially competent preschool child behaves differently from a socially competent adolescent.
During the preadolescent and early adolescent years, communication (including sending notes, calling on the phone, and "hanging out") becomes a major focus for peer interactions.
When adolescent friends squabble, their conflicts typically center on issues such as gossiping, disclosing secrets, or loyalty and perceived betrayal.
In an older child or adolescent, the LES weakens and acids from the stomach come into the esophagus, causing the characteristic burning in the middle of the chest, known as heartburn.
Pediatric Adolescent Medicine. 156 (December 2002): 1240-3.
The child or adolescent is bleeding profusely.
The child or adolescent has lost consciousness or is comatose.
In the case of a known accident, sports injury, or assault, the doctor begin with the ABCs, which means that he or she will check the child or adolescent's airway, breathing, and circulation.
If the child or adolescent has a weakened immune system or a debilitating chronic disease, healing is more problematic.
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) lists opiates as common drugs of abuse among teenagers and notes that children as young as 12 may be using narcotics.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP).
The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter (July 2003): 4.
Morral. Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment in the United States: Exemplary Models from a National Evaluation Study.
"Dial for Therapy: Aftercare for Adolescent Substance Use Disorders."
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43 (September 2004): 1171-74.
University of Miami, Center for Treatment Research on Adolescent Drug Abuse.
The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter (January 2003): 1-4.
Impulse control disorders are diagnosed by psychological and psychiatric evaluations, interviews with family members, teachers, and caregivers, and observation and interviews with the child or adolescent.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 11 (2002): 649-71.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 3615 Wisconsin Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20016-3007. (202) 966-7300.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
In addition, adolescent girls should be cautioned not to share makeup.
Maternal age is also a factor (adolescent mothers are prone to have undersize babies), as is uterine constraint (which occurs when the uterus is too small for the baby).
Clark, Duncan B., et al., "Childhood Antisocial Behavior and Adolescent Alcohol Use Disorders."
Hayward, C., et al. Gender Differences at Puberty (Cambridge Studies on Child and Adolescent Health).
The Down syndrome adolescent with an IQ of around 50 points does not seem to progress beyond the grammatical level of the normally intelligent child at three years, with short sentences that are restricted in variety and complexity.
L. "Common pediatric and adolescent skin conditions."
The child or adolescent has nearly lost the capacity for controlling alcohol use.
Understand the tremendous importance of child and adolescent issues, including alcohol and other drug use and acceptance by peers; be ready and able to discuss these subjects with children.
G. Fighting the Good Fight: One Family's Struggle against Adolescent Alcoholism.
"Early Identification and Intervention for Adolescent Alcohol Use."
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43 (January 2004): 1, 123-125.
"Self-Injury." Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter-20 (March 2004): 14.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.-3615 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 200163007.
Typically, family therapy is initiated to address a specific problem, such as an adolescent with a psychological disorder or adjustment to a death in the family.
Several clinical studies have shown that MST has improved family relations, decreased adolescent psychiatric symptoms and substance use, increased school attendance, and decreased re-arrest rates for adolescents in trouble with the law.
Treating the Tough Adolescent: A Family-Based, Step-by-Step Guide.
Ilomaki, R., et al. "Temporal relationship between the age of onset of phobic disorders and development of substance dependence in adolescent psychiatric patients."
Infant mortality rates have typically been the highest for the babies of adolescent mothers and lowest for women in their late 20s and early 30s.
Joffe. "Controversies in male adolescent health: varicocele, circumcision, and testicular self-examination."
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 3615 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20016-3007.
Adolescent girls tend to have lower self-esteem than boys, and many suffer from the false belief that their bodies are useful only to the extent that they are attractive to boys.
The most common problem in adolescent sports is sports-related injuries.
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, January 2002.
Children older than five years do not need vaccination, unless the child or adolescent has a serious health problem that lowers immunity, such as HIV infection, sickle cell disease, or is being treated for cancer.
Burniat, Walter, et al. Child and Adolescent Obesity: Causes and Consequences, Prevention and Management.
About 2 percent of adolescent girls and 1 percent of adolescent boys attempt suicide each year in the United States.
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology 16, no. 5 (October 1, 2003): 269-83.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 41 (August 2002): 938-46.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42 (September 2003): 1069-1075.
About 70 percent of all human bite wounds reported in North America involve adolescent males or adult males below the age of 40.
Deep bite wounds on a young child may indicate abuse by an adolescent or adult.
This type may be equivalent to the adolescent type, except for the age of onset.
Adolescent: Curvature usually appears between ages of ten and 13, near the beginning of puberty.
Curve progression is greatest near the adolescent growth spurt.
The curve is greater than 40 to 50 degrees before growth has stopped in an adolescent.
Most cases of mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis need no treatment and do not progress.
More than 30 states have screening programs in schools for adolescent scoliosis, usually conducted by trained school nurses or physical education teachers.
In addition, the doctor may give the child or adolescent a short self-administered list of eight questions known as the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS).
If the child or adolescent is being treated for eczema, an emollient should be applied within three minutes.
In both sexes, a rise in growth hormone produces the adolescent growth spurt, the pronounced increase in height and weight that marks the first half of puberty.
The adolescent's greater facility with abstract thinking also permits the application of advanced reasoning and logical processes to social and ideological matters.
Acute adolescent egocentrism sometimes leads teenagers to believe that others are constantly watching and evaluating them.
This increase in relativism can be particularly exasperating to parents, who may feel that their adolescent children question everything just for the sake of argument.
In general, researchers find that decision-making abilities improve over the course of the adolescent years, with gains continuing well into the later years of high school.
Accompanying the biological, cognitive, and emotional transitions of adolescence are important changes in the adolescent's social relationships.
Developmentalists have spent considerable time charting the changes that take place with friends and with family members as the individual moves through the adolescent years.
In the United States, well over half of the typical adolescent's waking hours are spent with peers, as opposed to only 15 percent with adults, including parents.
In contrast to cliques, crowds are not settings for adolescents' intimate interactions or friendships, but instead serve to locate the adolescent (to himself and to others) within the social structure of the school.
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 3615 Wisconsin Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016-3007. (202) 966-7300.
A pediatrician or a child and adolescent psychiatrist often coordinates these tests.
Parents may want to consider seeking the advice of a pediatrician and/or child and adolescent psychiatrist if their child appears addicted to television and videos.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 10, no.4 (April 2001): 392-401.
Peer acceptance is the degree to which a child or adolescent is socially accepted by peers.
It includes the level of peer popularity and the ease with which a child or adolescent can initiate and maintain satisfactory peer relationships.
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing (January-March 2004): 29-40.
Matkovic, V., et al. "Nutrition influences skeletal development from childhood to adulthood: a study of hip, spine, and forearm in adolescent females."
Any child or adolescent that exhibits symptoms of psychosocial personality disorder should be taken to his or her health care provider as soon as possible for evaluation and possible referral to a mental health care professional.
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 3615 Wisconsin Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20016-3007. (202) 966-7300.
The child or adolescent with a tic experiences it as irresistible but can suppress the movement or noise for a period of time.
The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter (December 2002): S1-S2.
"Negative Effects of Divorce on Child and Adolescent Psychosocial Adjustment."
An adolescent with Down syndrome and an IQ of about 50 may speak at the grammatical level of an unaffected three-year-old, with short, repetitive, simple sentences.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 39 (2000): 143-52.
Balloons tied over the bed of a school-age child or adolescent can be punched.
Adolescent. Athletic sports are the most common form of play.
"Child and Adolescent Illness Falsification."
The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter 20 (September 2004): 8.
Family therapy sessions can include the child or adolescent along with parents and siblings.
A lisp can be a source of distress for adolescent boys and young men who may be told that they are gay because they lisp.
In 2000, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) began to study child and adolescent violence in the United States.
Oligomenorrhea in an adolescent should be investigated, however, if the girl is heavily involved in athletics or if she is otherwise at risk for developing an eating disorder.
This is clearly seen in the adolescent's increased facility and interest in thinking about interpersonal relationships, politics, philosophy, religion, and morality.
Parents should call their healthcare provider if their infant has symptoms of this disorder or if an adolescent girl's sexual development appears to be delayed.
Support will be necessary to help an adolescent girl cope with body image issues and to help some women accept the fact that they will never be able to have children.
Journal of Adolescent Health 35, no. 1 (2004): 58-61.
"Body piercing: issues in adolescent health."
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (September 2004): 1171.
Because the symptoms of chlamydia wax and wane and because the adolescent or adult may be asymptomatic, proper diagnosis may be delayed.
When inclusion conjunctivitis is diagnosed in an adolescent, it is almost always has been contracted through sexual activity.
White. "Adolescent Behavior and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: The Dilemma of Human Papillomavirus."
The American Academy of Adolescent and Child Psychiatry (AACAP) maintains that parents should limit as much as possible the time children must be at home alone because of the many risks involved.
Among adolescent males, the best predictor of gang membership is the absence of a positive male role model.
The well-adjusted adolescent actually looks forward to achievement, and, in later adolescence, clear sexual identity is established.
The adolescent seeks leadership (someone to inspire him or her), and gradually develops a set of ideals to live by.
Child and adolescent psychiatrists are trained to help parents sort out whether their child's personality development is normal.
Your Adolescent: Emotional, Behavioral, and Cognitive Development from Early Adolescence through the Teen Years.
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). 3615 Wisconsin Ave., N.W., Washington, DC. 20016-3007. (202) 966-7300.
Various psychological disorders also may trouble the adolescent, particularly anxiety and depression.
As reported by News-Medical in Child Health News, children's sleep problems should be taken seriously as they may be a "'marker' for predicting later risk of early adolescent substance use."
Parents who suspect that their child or adolescent has been raped or sexually assaulted should take the child to see a doctor and psychologist or psychiatrist.
Any child or adolescent who is raped or sexually assaulted should be taken to an emergency room immediately so that evidence against the perpetrator can be gathered, and medical treatment can be given.
Parents should resist letting anger toward the assailant take precedence over attention to their child or adolescent.
Kawsar, M., et al. "Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Mental Health Needs of Female Child and Adolescent Survivors of Rape and Sexual Assault Attending a Specialist Clinic."
"Adolescent Update: Drugs and Date Rape."
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). 3615 Wisconsin Ave., N.W., Washington, DC. 20016-3007.
The ASHA and most other professional organizations say family support when an adolescent discloses that they are gay or bisexual is crucial to the child's mental and emotional health.
Therapy may also help the adolescent adjust to personal, family, or school-related problems.
Therefore, healthcare professionals should raise issues of sexual orientation and sexual behavior with all adolescent patients or refer them to a colleague who can these issues, according to the AAP.
"Adolescent Homosexuality and Concerns Regarding Disclosure."
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (December 2003): 1517-1521.
Menstruation is the vaginal bleeding that occurs in adolescent girls and women as a result of hormonal changes.
Parents should be concerned primarily with identifying the cause(s) of a child or adolescent's contact dermatitis, as treatment is often ineffective until the offending substance can be removed or avoided.
M., et al. "Common pediatric and adolescent skin conditions."
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology 16, no. 5 (2003): 269-83.
Although contraception is the primary use of these medications, they may also be used to treat adolescent and post-adolescent acne in girls.
Although studies have been limited, they have failed to show that availability of oral contraceptives leads to an increase in sexual activity among adolescent girls.
To the abandoned adolescent, it involves feelings of betrayal, guilt, loneliness, and lack of self-esteem.
The onset may be abrupt, without any warning in the form of a period of gradual change in the child or adolescent's behavior.
With regard to gender, 80 percent of individuals diagnosed with IED in the United States are adolescent and adult males; amok is a syndrome that almost always involves males.
Amok-A culture-specific psychiatric syndrome first described among the Malays, in which adolescent or adult males are overcome by a sudden fit of murderous fury provoked by a perceived insult or slight.
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 14 (Spring 2004): 57-63.
Many childhood fears fall somewhere between the rational and irrational, occurring in phases as the child or adolescent is exposed to new experiences and as both cognitive reasoning and the capacity for imagination develop.
Fear of water may be considered normal in a child who has never learned how to swim, but it might be considered abnormal in the adolescent son of a coastal fisherman.
Parents can ask the child or adolescent what change can be made to accommodate the fear in order to make him or her feel more in control.
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, December 2000.
A community-based study of 507 middle school and high school students by Hyams, et al, found that 6-14 percent of the adolescent population had IBS symptoms.
Dunton, Genevieve Fridlund, et al. "Physical Self-Concept in Adolescent Girls: Behavioral and Physiological Correlates."
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42 (February 2003): 217-24.
Manion. "Factors in the Psychological Adjustment of Homeless Adolescent Males: The Role of Coping Style." 42 (July 2003): 778-85.
They include child and adolescent psychiatrists, child psychologists, child psychotherapists, social workers and nurses.
The value of I-P theories of childhood and adolescent psychopathology will be considerably enhanced if these issues are more fully considered in future research.
He is a former convener of the British Society for Pediatric and adolescent rheumatology and member of council of the British Society for Rheumatology.
Here we have an adolescent who's sometimes sullen, often confused (especially about girls ), and always self-questioning.
This article reveals different conceptions and management of adolescent sexuality among white, middle-class American and Dutch parents of teenagers.
skip past that in an adolescent rage?
sulky adolescent on the number five bus.
Princess Anne was a rather surly adolescent at the time of the visit to the Nixons.
Clinical picture anterolateral bowing tibia toddler with cafÃ© au lait spot Discussion on NF1 and management pseudoarthrosis tibia Clinical photograph adolescent pes planus.
Blithely unaware of the adolescent need for masses of sleep and hotly competitive with other departments, I gave little thought to their concerns.
well-ordered life is shaken by the news that his ex-wife is moving his adolescent son to Texas.
Moreover, in the opinion of the same observer, it is in no wise an abnormally dwarfed or illgrown representative of the normal type of African elephant, but a well-developed adolescent animal.
It dominates the centres of intellectual life in the West because, despite its claim to finality in its principles or premises, and to universality for its method, it represents the only culture of a philosophic kind available to the adolescent peoples of the Western nations just becoming conscious of their ignorance.
He is a former convener of the British Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Rheumatology and member of council of the British Society for Rheumatology.
Ms C is an adolescent girl with no evidence of rubella antibodies.
Here we have an adolescent who 's sometimes sullen, often confused (especially about girls), and always self-questioning.
Or did you skip past that in an adolescent rage?
The collections of the British Museum, located round the corner from his home during his adolescent years, were another source of inspiration.
The last time I 'd been to that park was as a sulky adolescent on the number five bus.
After the promise: the STD consequences of adolescent virginity pledges.
Kevin 's well-ordered life is shaken by the news that his ex-wife is moving his adolescent son to Texas.
If the suicide attempt is obviously eminent, call 911 or take the adolescent to the emergency room.
In fact, your conversation with an adolescent about suicide will probably result in nothing more than the young person revealing that he or she has never had serious thoughts about attempting suicide.
You don't want to wind up in a situation where an adolescent in your life attempts suicide and you never took the time beforehand to broach the subject.
You should pay attention, however, when an adolescent in your life suddenly adopts these behaviors because they can point to something quite dangerous.
You don't want to set yourself up for future medical problems due to malnutrition as an adolescent.
Adolescent cliques that endorse illegal and unhealthy activities, however, are not good for teens to join, nor are they good for the parents of the teens who join them.
However, along with the good cliques there are adolescent cliques that are bad.
There are many other movies about adolescent cliques, as well as television shows and books.
Adolescent models are everywhere in today's media.
An adolescent model's life is much like any other teenagers in some respects; adolescent models still have to go to school, deal with the dramas that the teenage years bring, and still have time to have fun and spend time with friends.
When looking to become an adolescent model, you will probably want to find a good agent to help you book shows and jobs.
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). 3615 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20016-3007.
After that time, it is considered abnormal for an adolescent to miss three consecutive periods.
Pregnancy: An adolescent with amenorrhea most likely does not have a serious underlying medical problem.
All teenagers with amenorrhea should seek medical care, and an adolescent who has had sexual intercourse even once and then missed a period should assume she is pregnant until a reliable pregnancy test proves otherwise.
Most adolescent suicide attempts, though, are of relatively low intent and lethality, and only a small number of these individuals actually want to die.
Overholser. Evaluating and Treating Adolescent Suicide Attempters: From Research to Practice.
Eckert, Tanya L., et al. "Adolescent Suicide Prevention: School Psychologists' Acceptability of School-based Programs."
"Prevention of Child and Adolescent Suicide."
The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter (September 2001): 8.
Portes, Pedro R., et al. "Understanding Adolescent Suicide: A Psycho-social Interpretation of Developmental and Contextual Factors."
The survey concluded that rather than viewing adolescent vegetarianism as a phase or fad, the diet could be viewed as a healthy alternative to the traditional American meat-based diet.
To insert eye drops into the eye of an older child or adolescent, pull the lower lid down to create a pouch and then put the drops into the pouch.
Until the sty or chalazion is healed, the child should not wear contact lenses and the adolescent should not wear eye makeup.
Eccles, Jacquelynne S., et al. "Extracurricular Activities and Adolescent Development."
Sanfilippo, Angela M., et al. "Common pediatric and adolescent skin conditions."
Sixty to ninety percent of adolescent boys and 40 percent of girls masturbate.
The following are facts about parent, adolescent and peer relations.
Fisher. "Peer Referencing in Adolescent Decision Making as a Function of Perceived Parenting Style."
Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 157 (December 2003): 1177-80.
Center of Disease Control and Prevention. 1600 Clifton Rd., Atlanta, GA 30333. 2004 Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule.
Adolescent girls may also notice decreased menstrual flow and irregular menstrual cycles.
Adolescent Medicine 13 (February 2002): 13-35.
Parents may consider enrolling their EG diagnosed child or adolescent in a clinical trial sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinicals of North America 11 (2002): 859-68.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a procedure to support and maintain breathing and circulation for an infant, child, or adolescent who has stopped breathing (respiratory arrest) and/or whose heart has stopped (cardiac arrest).
Adolescent girls with eating disorders have been reported to swallow toothbrushes.
Surgery under general anesthesia may be required for objects deeply lodged within the body, as in the case of a 14-year-old Dutch adolescent who had inserted a soda can into his rectum.
Adolescent boys also experience a major growth spurt that demands more iron; iron stores are worn thin especially when healthy red cell function is needed for adequate oxygenation of exercising muscles and developing organs.
Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.3615 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20016 3007.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, July 2004.
According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, up to one third of American children and adolescents diagnosed with depression develop early onset bipolar disorder.
Over one-half of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder have a history of substance abuse, which may be an issue in adolescent patients.
Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter 20, no. 7 (July 2004): 9.
Child and Adolescent Bipolar Foundation (CABF). 1187 Wilmette Ave., PMB #331, Wilmette, IL 60091.
The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter 16 (March 2003): 1.
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) does not recommend TCAs as a first-line treatment for youths requiring medicine for depressive disorders.
While a younger child may ask many questions, an adolescent may be reluctant to appear ignorant and may not express his fear or confusion.
Parents should encourage an adolescent to discuss all concerns and should be prepared to explain and reassure.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43 (January 2004): 46-62.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 86 (May 2004): 510-1.
Although not a serious medical problem, the term describes a woman adolescent girl with menstrual symptoms severe enough to keep her from functioning for a day or two each month.
Menstrual cramps are a common problem for adolescent girls and women.
According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, approximately 5 to 15 percent of all school-aged children have ODD.
ODD is diagnosed by psychological and psychiatric evaluations; interviews with family members, teachers, and caregivers; and observation and interviews with the child or adolescent.
Oral corticosteroids, or anti-inflammatory drugs, are the treatment of choice for an extremely severe, but rare type of destructive inflammatory acne called acne fulminans, found mostly in adolescent males.
The following comparisons from a 2003 study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry highlight the problem.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (July 2003): 797-808.
Nelson. "Relationship Between Parents, Peers, Morality, and Theft in an Adolescent Sample."
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 157 (July 2003): 687-695.
The Child and Adolescent Stuttering Treatment and Activity Resource Guide.
Although many of these behaviors are health-promoting, some are health-compromising, resulting in increasingly high rates of adolescent morbidity and mortality.
For example, initiation of sexual intercourse and experimentation with alcohol and drugs are normative adolescent behaviors.
The average age of first sexual intercourse is between 16 and 17 years for adolescent men and between the age of 17 and 18 years for adolescent women, and has been found to be as young as age 12 in some high-risk populations.
Involuntary sexual intercourse such as rape and sexual abuse may occur more commonly among adolescents, especially younger adolescent women, and often pose a potential risk for acquisition of STDs.
In contrast, 20.6 percent of adolescent women ages 15 to 19 years reported use of birth control pills.
Also, adolescent women of higher income are more likely than young women of lower income to use oral contraceptives.
Gonorrhea: The most common symptoms among infected adolescent girls are vaginal discharge, bleeding between menstrual cycles, and painful urination.
Among adolescent boys, common symptoms are burning or painful urination and pus-like discharge from the penis.
If a child or adolescent develops any of the symptoms of STDs, he or she should be evaluated for possible infection.
Counseling strategies to prevent and reduce the risk of STDs should be conducted in a confidential and nonjudgmental manner that is both developmental and culturally appropriate for the adolescent.
Older child or adolescent: 2.5 to 20 micrograms injected into the deltoid arm muscle, with additional doses one month and six months after the first injection, for a total of three doses.
Acne comes at a difficult time, the adolescent years.
Sexually active adolescent females who are able to bear children should not use isotretinoin unless they have very severe acne that has not cleared up with the use of other antiacne drugs.
Other circumstances that may make a child or adolescent more likely to engage in binge eating include heredity and certain psychological affective disorders such as major depression.
The most important goals of treating antisocial behavior are to measure and describe the individual child's or adolescent's actual problem behaviors and to effectively teach him or her the positive behaviors that should be adopted instead.
These probably work best because they entail actually developing (or redeveloping) positive relationships between the child or adolescent and other people.
Brown University Child & Adolescent Behavior Letter 18, no. 9 (September 2002): 1+.
Adolescent girls are, in general, shorterlegged than adolescent boys; this proportional difference is also reflected in the hand and foot skeletons as well.
Excessive bone loss in protein-calorie malnutrition is also common in juvenile and adolescent cases of anorexia nervosa.
Adolescent Medicine 13, no. 1 (February 2002): 53-72.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 33 (June 2004): 216-26.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 33 (March 2004): 2-7.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 33 (March 2004): 8-20.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). 3615 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20016-3007.
Bulimia nervosa is a serious health problem for over 2 million adolescent girls and young women in the United States.
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 16, no. 2 (2004): 89-90.
They also direct the adolescent maturation of sex organs into their adult form.
Hormones can be inadequate during or after each stage of development-embryonic and adolescent.
Adolescent behavior must be observed, since some multi-ingredient over-the-counter cough remedies have become drugs of abuse.
Child and adolescent psychiatrists are trained to help parents sort out whether their child's level of shyness is normal introversion or indicative of a disorder.
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 43, no. 3 (March 2004): 358-65.
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). 3615 Wisconsin Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016-3007.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, March 2001.
However, if dependency in a child or adolescent starts to interfere with school work, daily living, and the child's sense of self-esteem and well-being, parents should seek professional help from their child's doctor.
It is possible for a child or adolescent with chronic atopic dermatitis to have all three types of lesions at the same time.
Absence (petit mal) seizures generally begin at about the age of four and stop by the time the child becomes an adolescent.
J. "Medical care and monitoring for the adolescent with Down syndrome."
Adolescent Medicine 13 (June 2002): 345-58.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42 (December 2003): 1494-1503.
"More than Moody: Recognizing and Treating Adolescent Depression."
The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter 18 (December 2002): 1-3.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43 (July 2004): 847-58.
Child & Adolescent Bipolar Foundation. 1000 Skokie Blvd.