ACONITE (Aconitum), a genus of plants belonging to the natural order Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family, commonly known as.
Aconitum Napellus, common monkshood, is a doubtful native of Britain, and is of therapeutic and toxicological importance.
The roots of Aconitum ferox supply the famous Indian (Nepal) poison called bikh, bish or nabee.
Aconitum palmatum yields another of the celebrated bikh poisons.
The root of Aconitum luridum, of the Himalayas, is said to be as virulent as that of A.
==Chemistry== The active principle of Aconitum Napellus is the alkaloid aconitine, first examined by P. L.
Pseudaconitine, obtained from Aconitum ferox, gives on hydrolysis acetic acid and veratrylpseudaconine, the latter of which suffers further hydrolysis to veratric acid and pseudaconine.
Other related alkaloids are lycaconitine and myoctonine which occur in wolfsbane, Aconitum lycoctonum.
From the root of Aconitum Napellus are prepared a liniment and a tincture.
- Part of the flower of Aconite (Aconitum Napellus), showing two irregular horn-like petals (p) supported on grooved stalks (o).
Aconitum lycoctonum, wolfsbane, is a yellow-flowered species common on the Alps of Switzerland.
In 1905, Dunstan and his collaborators discovered two new aconite alkaloids, indaconitine in "mohri" (Aconitum chasmanthum, Stapf), and bikhaconitine in "bikh" (Aconitum spicatum); he also proposes to classify these alkaloids according to whether they yield benzoic or veratric acid on hydrolysis (Jour.
Monkshood (Aconitum) - Tall and handsome herbaceous plants, of the Buttercup order, dangerous from their poisonous roots.
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