Koresh), the Latinized form of a Persian name borne by two prominent members of the Achaemenid house.
His family belonged to the clan of the Achaemenidae - in the inscription on the pillars and columns of the palace of Pasargadae (Murghab) he says: "I am Cyrus the king, the Achaemenid" - the principal clan (cbprp'q) of the Persian tribe of the Pasargadae.
See further under Persia: Ancient History, from the Achaemenid period onwards, and works there quoted (especially section v.
The principal ruins of the town of Pasargadae at Murghab are a great terrace like that of Persepolis, and the remainders of three buildings, on which the building inscription of Cyrus, "I Cyrus the king the Achaemenid" (sc. " have built this"),, occurs five times in Persian, Susian and Babylonian.
Under the Sassanids the old Persian worship, which had fallen with the Achaemenid dynasty in Alexander's time, and Muller, Epigraphische Denkmdler aus Arabien (Vienna, 1889).
The account of the Achaemenid kings of Persia.
As Buhler shows in detail, the Kharosthi alphabet is derived from the alphabet of the Aramaic inscriptions which date from the earlier part of the Achaemenid period.
Even the glories of the Achaemenid Empire faded rapidly, and all but completely, from recollection; so also the conquest of Alexander, and the Hellenistic and Parthian eras.
and it is possible that the primeval empire of the Saga is only a reflection of the Achaemenid and Sassanid empires of reality, whose existence legend dates back to the beginning of the world, simply because legend is pervaded by the assumption that the conditions obtaining in the present are the natural conditions, and, as such, valid for all time.
These traits are most clearly marked in Judaism; but, after the Achaemenid period, they are common to all Oriental creeds, though our information as to most is scanty in the extreme, In this competition of religions that of Iran played a most spirited part.
So, with the collapse of the empire, the imperial art vanishes also: and when, some 500 years later, a new art arose under the Sassanids, whose achievements stand to those of Achaemenid art in much the same relation as the achievements of the two dynasties to each other, we discover only isolated reminiscences of its predecessor.
That the native tradition almost entirely forgot the Achaemenid Empire, has been mentionedabove.
To most of the provinces the Achaemenid dominion was synonymous with two centuries of peace and order.
This idea of universal conquest was with him a conception much stronger developed than that which had inspired the Achaemenid rulers, and he entered on the project with full consciousness in the strictest sense of the phrase.
These states were fragments of the Achaemenid Empire, which had safely transferred themselves to the Heilenistic state-system.
and again by Phraates III., was, to all exterior appearance, a conOrganizatinuation of the Achaemenid dominion.
Again, they perpetuate the traditions of the Achaemenid Empire.
It is, rather, a continua- Sassanian tion of the Achaemenid traditions which were still Wars with alive on their native soil.
At these places and in Sarwistan, near Shiraz and elsewhere, lie ruins of the Sassanid palaces, which in their design go back, to the Achaemenid architecture, blending with it, however, Graeco-Syrian elements and serving in their turn as models for the structures of the Caliphs (see ARcHITECTURE:
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