In the discipline of the Christian Church abstinence is the term for a less severe form of Fasting.
A nearly vegetarian diet and a complete abstinence from alcoholic stimulants is the ideal in such cases, but it must be modified to suit individuals, as sometimes very strict limitations prove injurious.
With the growth of the Oxford Movement in the English Church, the practice of observing Lent was revived; and, though no rules for fasting are authoritatively laid down, the duty of abstinence is now very generally inculcated by bishops and clergy, either as a discipline or as an exercise in self-denial.
In the above countries, therefore, abstinence from matrimony may be said to have been a factor of some importance in the decline.
The ritual includes features found on other holy days, sacrifices, abstinence from work, &c.; and also certain unique acts.
A fourth was subsequently added, for the sake of symmetry, to make them correspond with the four seasons, and they became known as the jejunium vernum, aestivum, autumnale and hiemale, so that, to quote Pope Leo's words, "the law of abstinence might apply to every season of the year."
30 The Ninth Month, Ramadan, Is The Month Of Abstinence Observed By The Moslems.
During the religious confusion of the Reformation, the practice of fasting was generally relaxed and it was found necessary to reassert the obligation of keeping Lent and the other periods and days of abstinence by a series of proclamations and statutes.
The rule laid down by the Order is abstinence so far as possible from all foods which are obtained by the cruel infliction of pain, and the minimum that is set is complete "abstinence from flesh and fowl," while net-caught fish may be used by associate members.
other than abstinence from marriage, at all events at the principal reproductive period; and perhaps to a decrease in marriage or remarriage after middle life, a period of which the weight in the age-distribution has been increasing of late.
He was for many years an advocate of total abstinence, and a well-known speaker on imperial questions.
Both inculcated a peculiar kind of ascetic life; both had a mystical speculative theory of religion, with purificatory rites, abstinence from beans, &c.; but Orphism was more especially religious, while Pythagoreanism, at least originally, inclined more to be a political and philosophical creed.
His remarkable oratorical talents, rich humour, genuine pathos and inimitable power of story-telling, enabled him to do good service to the total abstinence movement.
Of the moderation of the latter, and their abstinence from all outrage or plunder, he speaks highly.
Again not only was the church doctrine itself more or less consciously influenced by the Manichaean tenet of the diabolical origin of all matter, including the human body, but churchmen were also naturally tempted to compete in asceticism with the many heretics who held this tenet, and whose abstinence brought them so much popular consideration.
in 1627 and 1631, again commanded abstinence from all flesh during Lent, and the High Church movement of the 17th century lent a fresh religious sanction to the official attitude.
Abstinence from wine and flesh is there commanded for all the days, while for the Friday and Saturday an absolute fast is enjoined.
RECHABITES, or Sons Of Rechab, a sort of religious order among the Israelites in some respects analogous to the Nazarites, with whom they shared the rule of abstinence from wine.
In the religious world the Seventh-Day Adventists (who are connected with many sanatoria and the manufacture of food specialities) and some Bible Christians, the worshippers of Vishnu and the Swami Narang and Vishnoi sects, amongst others, preach abstinence from flesh food.
Then follows Ramadan, the month of abstinence, a severe trial to the faithful; and the Lesser Festival (Al-id as-~aghir), which commences Shawwl, is hailed by them with delight.
But filial feeling and established custom secured a measure of kindly sympathy, shown by precedence yielded at public games, and by the almost invariable abstinence of the colony from a hostile share in wars in which the mother city was engaged.
If abstinence from marriage and the curtailment of the reproductive period by postponement of marriage be insufficient to account for the material change which has taken place in the birth-rate within the last few decades, it is clear that the latter must be attributable to the diminished fertility of those who are married.
Many an earnest heart full of disappointment or enthusiasm has gone through a similar struggle, has learnt to look upon all earthly gains and hopes as worse than vanity, has envied the calm life of the cloister, troubled by none of these things, and has longed for an opportunity of entire selfsurrender to abstinence and meditation.
How severely strict medieval abstinence was may be gauged from the fact that armies and garrisons were sometimes, in default of dispensations, as in the case of the siege of Orleans in 1429, reduced to starvation for want of Lenten food, though in full possession of meat and other supplies.
The time requisite for the several degrees is unknown, and may have been determined by the Patres, who conferred them in a solemn ceremony called Sacramentum, in which the initial step was an oath never to divulge what should be revealed, and for which the mystic had been specially prepared by lustral purification, prolonged abstinence, and severe deprivations.
attached to it all matters concerning indulgences; on the other hand, he transferred to the Congregation of the Council matters concerning the precepts of the Church such as fasting, abstinence and festivals.
3)concerning (abstinence from certain, food and that which is offered to idols with the old trouble that arose at Antioch (Acts xv.
Hence the strictest asceticism (abstinence from flesh, and wine, and sexual intercourse) is demanded, as well as the knowledge of God.
Under such circumstances ethics becomes a doctrine of abstinence in regard to all elements which have their source within the sphere of darkness.
caelibatus, from caelebs, unmarried), the state of being unmarried, a term now commonly used in the sense of complete abstinence from marriage; it originally included the state of widowhood also, and any one was strictly a caelebs who had no existing spouse.
Many of them are known as "Jogi," and lay claim to miraculous powers which they declare have become theirs by the practice of abstinence and extreme austerities.
Abjuring pomps and vanities, its citizens observed the ascetic regime of the cloister; half the year was devoted to abstinence and few dared to eat meat on the fasts ordained by Savonarola.
The basis of the life was the Benedictine rule, but the observance of abstinence and silence went beyond it in stringency.
Abstinence from flesh was also enjoined, and a good deal of astrological fancy was interwoven with the doctrinal and practical teaching.
The rules of the Orphic life prescribed abstinence from beans, flesh, certain kinds of fish, &c., the wearing of a special kind of clothes, and numerous other practices and abstinences.
14-20 (P), but is independent of them: it omits all reference to the "holy convocations" and to the abstinence from labour, and is obviously simpler and more primitive.
Their presence is typical of that of the whole people, and the private citizen is required to do no more on festival days than a ceremonial abstinence from work.
On abstinence from work on the New Moon by Jewish women of the present time, see M.
17 seq., neighbourly love and abstinence from vengeance constitute, according to R.
Just as at the third scrutiny the early catechumen passed a last examination in the Gospels, Creed and Lord's Prayer, so after their year of abstinence the credens receives creed and prayer; the allocution with which the elder "handed on" this prayer is preserved, and of it the Abbe Guiraud remarks that, if it were not in a Cathar ritual, one might believe it to be of Catholic origin.
In Scandinavia, and perhaps in Italy, the rate may be affected by the emigration of adult males, but the later columns of the table indicate that this is not the cause of the low rate in Ireland, which appears to be mainly due to abstinence from marriage at the ages specified.
The long probation called "abstinence" which led up to it is a survival of the primitive catechumenate with its scrutinies.
Garrison then went to Boston, where, after working for a time as a journeyman printer, he became the editor of the National Philanthropist, the first journal established in America to promote the cause of total abstinence from intoxicating liquors.
His studied abstinence from fine writing - from "the rhetorical and poetical style fashionable among writers of the present day" - on such subjects as he handled confirmed the idea of his contemporaries that he was only an eccentric I.
The registrar general for England, indeed, has stated that whilst no more than about 17% of the decline in the birth-rate can be attributed to abstinence or postponement of marriage, nearly 70% should be ascribed to voluntary restriction.
His monks were allowed proper clothes, sufficient food, ample sleep. The only bodily austerities were the abstinence from flesh meat and the unbroken fast till mid-day or even 3 P.M., but neither would appear so onerous in Italy even now, as to us in northern climes.
He practised and pertinaciously advocated total abstinence from spirituous liquors, but did not regard prohibitory laws as always wise.
The characteristic marks of a Nazarite were unshorn locks and abstinence from wine (Judges xiii.
Corresponding differences as to the manner of abstinence occurred.
Spiritual ascetics preach a complete abstinence from the world.
We aim to provide an individual treatment approach promoting abstinence enabling clients to maintain change.
He now experienced the Nemesis of his over-cautious system of abstinence from office for fear of compromising his popularity.
rather see "England free than England compulsorily sober," an utterance which the extreme advocates of total abstinence misquoted and attacked.
He who was under such a vow was bound by ceremonial observances of abstinence from certain acts (e.g.
This ceremony is now generally combined with the hajj, or is performed by every stranger or traveller when he enters Mecca, and the ihram (which involves the acts of abstinence already referred to) is assumed at a considerable distance from the city.
He must still (at least according to later rules) live in strict abstinence, forgoing, e.g., the use of marriage.
In a looser sense the word is employed to denote abstinence from certain kinds of food merely; and this meaning, which in ordinary usage is probably the more prevalent, seems also to be at least tolerated by the Church of England when it speaks of " fast or abstinence days," as if fasting and abstinence were synonymous.
7-11, include a special injunction of strict abstinence (" ye shall afflict your souls " 5) from evening to evening.
The church thus came to be more and more involved in discussions as to the number of days to be observed, especially in " Lent," as fast days, as to the hour at which a fast ought to terminate (whether at the 3rd or at the 9th hour), as to the rigour with which each fast ought to be observed (whether by abstinence from flesh merely, abstinentia, or by abstinence from lacticinia, xerophagia, or by literal jejunium), and as to the penalties by which the laws of fasting ought to be enforced.
Some of the Copts are said to observe it by total abstinence during the whole period.
The last he defines simply as an abstinence from food in conformity with the rule of the church.
In many parts of Germany the seasons of Lent and Advent are still marked by the use of emblems of mourning in the churches, by the frequency of certain phrases (Kyrie eleison, Agnus Dei) and the absence of others (Hallelujah, Gloria in excelsis) in the liturgical services, by abstinence from some of the usual social festivities, and by the non-celebration of marriages.
The following are simply days of abstinence, that is to say, days on which flesh at all events must not be eaten: - The Sundays in Lent, the three Rogation days, the feast of St Mark (unless it falls in Easter week), and all Fridays which are not days of fasting.
In the Anglican Church, the " days of fasting or abstinence " are the forty days of Lent, the Ember days, the Rogation days, and all the Fridays in the year, except Christmas day.
Subsequently he continued his abstinence, saying that, as he was already half-way on the road to death, he would not trouble to retrace his steps.
This formal and regulated " penitence " was extended from apostasy to other grave - or, as they were subsequently called, " deadly " - sins; while for minor offences all Christians were called upon to express contrition by fasting and abstinence from ordinarily permitted pleasures, as well as verbally in public and private devotions.
But further, as regards abstinence from unlawful acts and desires Purity.
The subjects are: (1) Years past no;longer ours; (2) Man a sojourner on earth; (3) Advantage of frequent contemplation of eternity; (4) Preparation for judgment by such contemplation; (5) The good man not desirous of talking; (6) Abstinence, and its distinction from the prohibition to take life; (7) Selfexamination and self-reproof inconsistent with inaction; (8) Future reward and punishment; (9) Prying into futurity hastens calamity; (ro) Wealth with covetousness more wretched than poverty with contentment.
Their main doctrines were the evil nature of matter, an absolute forbidding of marriage, abstinence from wine and perhaps from meat.
Maybe this abstinence was what she needed.
The best method of birth control is abstinence and a little pill is no substitute for morality.
While she'd never admit to concern for his wishes, Ethel seemed to limit her smoking around Dean, but never abstinence from the mandatory one "after."
Yet for hundreds of years couples have practiced abstinence, for example, without a sex education program.
It has been urged to rethink the methods used by its Teenage Pregnancy Unit, which hands out condoms rather than advocating abstinence.
Case closure, where service user has achieved abstinence or left the program.
Use the gum whenever there is an urge to smoke to maintain complete abstinence from smoking.
For some that will be a life of sexual abstinence.
A Spider suddenly rushes from her hole: she has been rendered warlike, doubtless, by prolonged abstinence.
There are total abstinence lodges, which are fully total abstinence.
Research should be carried out on the effects of NRT during temporary abstinence on compensatory smoking.
Non smoking at four weeks has been shown to be a good predictor of long-term abstinence.
Women who exercise have been shown to achieve higher levels of continuous abstinence from smoking than non-exercisers.
abstinence rates to the study by Lando.
Six weeks of smoking abstinence was confirmed by expired carbon monoxide.
abstinence until marriage.
abstinence from alcohol are also to be found in the Bible.
abstinence from smoking.
abstinence from meat are still mandated by the Church for all Catholics on some days of Lent.
abstinence from drugs.
compensated cirrhosis may be managed with abstinence from alcohol and nutritional support as above.
heroic feats of abstinence from athletes bent only on sporting glory.
There are various ways of using naltrexone - as part of a ' rapid ' detox and as a daily dose to maintain abstinence.
The opioid antagonist naltrexone can be used to help maintain abstinence.
naltrexone maintenance: patient tolerance, risk assessment and abstinence rates.
opiate detoxification made for a balanced account, blending thinking from the abstinence model with useful prescribing details.
Treatment can alter the natural history of opioid dependence, most commonly by prolonging periods of abstinence from illicit opioid dependence, most commonly by prolonging periods of abstinence from illicit opioid misuse.
Before Dr. Guthrie became a philanthropist, therefore, he had been for some years a strong advocate of total abstinence.
The reason for abstinence was, again, ritual purity.
Notice, verse 20, that Jezebel doesn't call people to sexual self-control or even abstinence.
Thus the statute of 2 and 3 Edward VI., cap. 9 (1 549), while inculcating that "due and godly abstinence from flesh is a means to virtue," adds that "by the eating of fish much flesh is saved to the country," and that thereby, too, the fishing trade is encouraged.
The legends are numerous and of an astrological character, intended to account for the Syrian dove-worship and abstinence from fish (see the story in Athenaeus viii.
The fraternal and democratic spirit of the first communities, and their humble origin; the identification of the object of adoration with light and the Sun; the legends of the shepherds with their gifts and adoration, the flood, and the ark; the representation in art of the fiery chariot, the drawing of water from the rock; the use of bell and candle, holy water and the communion; the sanctification of Sunday and of the 25th of December; the insistence on moral conduct, the emphasis placed upon abstinence and self-control; the doctrine of heaven and hell, of primitive revelation, of the mediation of the Logos emanating from the divine, the atoning sacrifice, the constant warfare between good and evil and the final triumph of the former, the immortality of the soul, the last judgment, the resurrection of the flesh and the fiery destruction of the universe - are some of the resemblances which, whether real or only apparent, enabled Mithraism to prolong its resistance to Christianity.
In these he holds aloof for the most part from theological controversy, and treats in an admirable tone and spirit the themes of faith, simplicity, the fear of God, poverty, greed, abstinence and unchastity.
TEETOTALISM, the practice of total abstinence from all intoxicating liquors, hence that form of the temperance movement of which the basis is the "pledge" to abstain from all intoxicating liquors (see Temperance).
According to the Century Dictionary, the secretary of a New York temperance society introduced a total abstinence pledge among its members, who were thus divided into those who had taken the old pledge, the O.P.'s, to abstain from spirituous liquors, and the T.'s, who had taken the new or total pledge.
ABSTINENCE (from Lat.
"Total abstinence" and "total abstainer" are associated with taking the pledge to abstain from alcoholic liquor (see Temperance).
6), and was associated with a ceremonial drawing of water which, it was believed, secured fertilizing rains in the following year; the penalty for abstinence was drought (cf.
Though conspicuously uniting faith in Christ with spiritual maturity, there are evidences that, like other Valentinians, Heracleon did not sufficiently emphasize abstinence from the moral laxity and worldliness into which his followers fell.
There is some doubt about the genuineness of an ordinance attributed to Constantine, in which abstinence from public business was enforced for the seven days immediately preceding Easter Sunday, and also for the seven which followed it; the Codex Theodosianus, however, is explicit in ordering that all actions at law should cease, and the doors of all courts of law be closed during those fifteen days (1.
ASCETICISM, the theory and practice of bodily abstinence and self-mortification, generally religious.
The older calendar, on the other hand, knows nothing of " holy convocations," nor of abstinence from work; the time of the feasts, which are clearly connected with agriculture, is only roughly defined with reference to the harvest (cf.
The sixth clause comprehends a wide programme of reform, including abstinence from spirituous liquors and animal food, physical cleanliness and exercise, marriage reform, the promotion of female education, the abolition of caste and of idolatry.
For these flashes of intuition, he holds, the soul should be prepared by tranquil repose and the subjugation of sensuality through abstinence.
Notice, verse 20, that Jezebel does n't call people to sexual self-control or even abstinence.
They apply purifications and incantations and all manner of charlatanry, but mark they also enforce abstinence from unwholesome food.
Natural Family Planning-You must educate yourself on the signs of fertility, and this method may require long periods of abstinence for you and your partner.
Many teens equate sex with love, and breaking that illusion can help promote abstinence or safe sex only within a long-standing relationship.
While the importance of abstinence should be emphasized, most teens unfortunately will still lose their virginity to a passing schmuck while still in high school, or even during middle school.
Like Alcoholics Anonymous, Al-Anon believes that total abstinence is the only way to control a drinking problem.
Sometimes, if a highly emotional or stressful situation occurs, they can return even after years of abstinence.
Because many counselors are former addicts themselves, most programs at addiction facilities require anywhere from two to five years of abstinence before allowing them into the series of classes required for them to become certified.
Detox alone is not usually sufficient when it comes to long-term abstinence, but it can be a starting point for drug addiction help.
The first treatment step: Reduction of, or complete abstinence from alcohol use.
Therefore, residential programs foster complete abstinence due to the controlled nature of the environment.
An abstinence ring is a powerful way to symbolize your commitment to celibacy.
Since abstinence rings are becoming more popular, a large variety of rings in to meet almost any taste are available.
The abstinence ring movement began in 1996 by Denny and Amy Pattyn to promote abstaining from premarital sex.
The Pattyn's group, The Silver Ring Thing, is a Christian abstinence organization that developed the trend to wear a silver ring to symbolize the commitment to abstain from sex before marriage.
Soon abstinence rings grew in popularity among teenagers and adults all over the nation.
The rings became known as abstinence or purity rings.
Since that time, many different Christian and secular organizations have promoted wearing an abstinence ring.
Today a variety of Christian and secular jewelry manufacturers sell a large selection of Christian jewelry and abstinence rings made from various materials.
People of all ages can wear an abstinence ring when they decide to commit to abstinence.
Many rings for abstinence are engraved with Biblical scripture or a Christian symbol such as a cross.
Message to others: A ring for abstinence also serves as a social message to others that the person is committed to abstinence, much like a wedding ring lets others know someone is married.
Any fashionista committed to abstinence can find a great ring.
Rings for abstinence come in many different styles.
Bands with symbols: Some bands feature a symbol of the abstinence pledge.
Rings with gemstones: Rings for abstinence also come in gemstone designs.
Abstinence ring are available from many local jewelers, Christian stores and online retailers.
Purity Rings: Purity Rings offers a large selection of band and rings with gemstones that symbolize abstinence.
Abstinence rings are a popular choice for symbolizing a commitment to abstain from sex.
With the large selection of rings that follow current fashion trends, there is an abstinence ring to meet almost any taste.
Free purity rings are way to express your dedication to abstinence.
While a large selection of abstinence rings are available for purchase from various jewelers and abstinence groups, you can find free purity rings.
Known as purity or abstinence rings, the rings are popular with teenagers and young adults who have made this commitment.
The Christian abstinence advocacy group, The Silver Ring Thing, is credited with starting the purity ring movement in 1996.
The founders of The Silver Ring Thing, Denny and Amy Pattyn, conduct a number of workshops that help teenagers and young adults embrace abstinence.
Many Christian organizations and abstinence advocacy groups provide free purity rings as part of abstinence programs.
It is important step to wear an abstinence ring.
You can also find an abstinence advocacy group for guidance.
If you are searching for an abstinence ring for your daughter or son, consider a free abstinence ring.
Abstinence rings are a great way to express a pledge to abstain from premarital sex.
When your son or daughter decides to take a purity pledge, an abstinence ring can be a meaningful gift to support his or her efforts.
You have probably sat down and discussed the importance of abstinence and the challenges of the commitment.
An abstinence ring shows the world that your teenager is committed to abstinence.
The social message of wearing the abstinence ring will help make dating easier and may lessen pressure to have premarital sex.
The purity or abstinence ring can provide a daily reminder of the purity pledge.
The abstinence ring as a gift from you can serve as a special reminder of your faith in your teenager's pledge.
The idea of abstinence rings is somewhat controversial.
Recent studies have indicated and news stories have indicated that a large percentage of teenagers who wear purity or abstinence rings still have premarital sex.
There are many abstinence ring designs available today.
Gemstone rings: Some abstinence rings are designed in traditional styles featuring gemstones.
Even though a large selection of abstinence rings are available for purchase, free abstinence rings are hard to find.
You will have the best luck talking with local abstinence groups and Christian organizations to locate free abstinence rings.
Your minister may know also have advice on how to find free abstinence rings.You can also try to find free abstinence rings by contacting an abstinence organization that holds workshops and conferences.
The following websites provide information on abstinence education and may be able to help you locate a free purity or abstinence ring.
You can find a quality free abstinence ring with a little research.
Whether you decide to select a free purity ring or purchase one, the abstinence ring is a meaningful and inspirational gift for your loved one.
The treatment objectives for this group are to encourage abstinence and re-enforce safety by fostering the continuation of not driving while drinking and not driving with others who are drinking.
It is a spiritual but non-religious program that fosters abstinence from alcohol based upon a belief that the person suffering from alcoholism is "powerless" over their addiction.
Once alcoholism is present, abstinence is the only known completely successful treatment.
Vegetarianism is the voluntary abstinence from eating meat.
The treatment in each case entails early recognition of the problem, followed by abstinence from competition or at least a decrease or change in training until the affected area is totally symptom free.
Since in the United States adult inclusion conjunctivitis is primarily a sexually transmitted disease, the incidence of inclusion conjunctivitis can be decreased either through abstinence or through the use of condoms.
No form of birth control (except abstinence from sexual intercourse) is 100 percent effective.
When substance abuse or addiction is present, a patient must ordinarily undergo a period of detoxification and abstinence before a mood disorder can be accurately diagnosed.
After 15 years of abstinence, the risks of health problems from smoking virtually vanish.
Sexual abstinence is the only sure method of eliminating risk for STDs.
Abstinence from milk and milk products must continue throughout life.
Food allergen provocation tests require abstinence from the suspect allergen for two weeks or more, followed by ingestion of a measured amount of the test substance administered as an opaque capsule along with a placebo control.
Natural Family Planning -- Also known as fertility awareness or periodic abstinence, this method works by abstaining from intercourse on the days when a woman is ovulating.
Abstinence means just what the terms implies -- abstaining from intercourse altogether.
Basics: Abstinence means abstaining from sexual intercourse.
Pros: When it comes to taking charge of your fertility, abstinence is a winner.
Abstinence means abstaining from sexual intercourse.
When it comes to taking charge of your fertility, abstinence is a winner.
Abstinence involves refraining from engaging in intercourse.
It is important to note that the only approach that is 100 percent effective is abstinence.
No approach is as effective as abstinence and many natural forms of birth control are not quite as reliable as hormones or mechanical devices.
The only no-fail form of birth control for both men and women is abstinence.
While condoms are a safe barrier method that is both inexpensive and easily accessible, abstinence is the only assured option.
While the most effective means of avoiding pregnancy are abstinence and permanent birth control, there are also several different kinds of effective birth control pills available with your doctor's prescription.
Proponents of abstinence promote it because it is the only 100 period guaranteed way to avoid pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
This condition is neonatal abstinence syndrome.
Religious Purity: Often given from parents to children to symbolize sexual abstinence or a religious commitment.
Many churches offer abstinence commitment programs, and individuals who become a part of that program often wear a religious ring to symbolize their choice.
The most common purity promise is one of abstinence - refraining from sex until marriage.
Teenagers with strong Christian values and connections to their church may participate in purity ceremonies to affirm their commitment to abstinence, and a ring is often given to them as a physical symbol of that promise.
Abstinence is not the only purity promise ring meaning, however.
A Christian purity promise ring can be a powerful symbol of abstinence or other Christian values that the wearer has sworn to uphold.
A commitment to abstinence - These are referred to as purity promise rings in which the wearer commits his or herself to abstaining from sex until marriage.
Some people choose to wear promise rings as a symbol for sexual abstinence.
Only abstinence (not having sexual intercourse) protects against unwanted pregnancy with 100 percent reliability.
The ring can also symbolize abstinence from other behaviors many consider destructive, such as smoking, drinking alcohol or using illegal drugs.
The American Cancer Society promotes tobacco abstinence and encourages quitting by stressing the risks associated with using the substance.
Abstinence ring come in a variety of styles.
In addition, remember that the most effective method of preventing pregnancy (beyond abstinence) is to combine two or more birth control methods.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.