How to use Abnormalities in a sentence
Darwin was well aware that variation ranged from differences so minute as to become apparent only on careful measurement to those large departures from the normal which may be called abnormalities, malformations or monstrosities.
The high cheek-bone and the hawk's bill nose are universally distributed in the two Americas; so also are proportions between parts of the body, and the frequency of certain abnormalities of the skull, the hyoid bone, the humerus and the tibia.
Cotton wool spots, venous caliber changes including venous beading, and intraretinal microvascular abnormalities are present but mild.
She is a Respiratory Pediatrician with a special interest in asthma particularly pre-school wheeze, non-CF bronchiectasis and congenital lung abnormalities.
Over the past few years fanciers have increasingly reported feather abnormalities in their exhibition type budgerigars.Advertisement
Origin Members of the upper classes, by repute, often have minor genetic abnormalities like receding chins.
Fetal abnormalities, including cleft palate, have been linked to Vitamin B6 deficiency.
Mood disorders have been associated with abnormalities in fatty acid composition.
Only about 50% of patients with epilepsy will have demonstrable, diagnostic abnormalities on their first EEG recording.
Kidney and blood abnormalities in rats fed one of Monsanto's GM maize in Monsanto's secret dossier.Advertisement
Heart valve abnormalities are detected with a simple test called echocardiography, a non-invasive test that does not require x-rays.
Its causes are unknown but there are clear abnormalities in the way the immune system functions in patients.
More serious problems include abnormalities of the vitreous gel, degeneration of the retina and glaucoma.
More subtle abnormalities such as focal nodular heterotopia and band heterotopia may only be apparent if optimal MRI techniques are used.
Beyond very serious abnormalities it seems illegitimate to be able to choose certain traits.Advertisement
One of the serotonergic receptors implicated in mediating certain symptoms of depression such as mood and eating abnormalities, is the 5-HT 2C receptor.
No notable abnormalities in laboratory values associated with treatment were observed except for minor increases in serum concentrations of creatinine kinase.
These include lithium carbonate (for bipolar disorder) and amiodarone (for heart rhythm abnormalities ).
These bright areas could indicate possible locations of tumors or other abnormalities.
Frequently the examination and the further mammograms show that the initial abnormalities are harmless.Advertisement
The significance of the abnormalities has been discussed in relation to sites of cellular oncogenes.
Simon's practice specialties include sports medicine, foot orthotics, and pediatric and adult foot and gait abnormalities.
Provided your tortoise is up to weight and no other abnormalities can be detected, then you may begin preparation for hibernation.
Nuclear Label - A single cell nucleus emitting light from red and green fluorescent probes used to detect cellular abnormalities.
Irregularities of the pulse should be noted as well as abnormalities of the jugular venous pulsation.Advertisement
It is thought that oxygen radicals cause abnormalities in the developing retinal blood supply.
All cancers occur due to abnormalities in DNA sequence.
Deaths due to congenital abnormalities and antepartum stillbirths were excluded from the mortality rates.
The high cheek-bone and the hawk'sbill nose are universally distributed in the two Americas; so also are proportions between parts of the body, and the frequency of certain abnormalities of the skull, the hyoid bone, the humerus and the tibia.
The reason for this is that a lot of minor smear abnormalities go back to normal after several months.
Increased exercise ventilatory control despite haemodynamic and pulmonary abnormalities.
Increased risk of congenital abnormalities requiring earlier ultrasounds and tests.
Genitals-While it is common for an infant's genitals to be swollen after birth, your doctor will still want to examine him or her to check for any abnormalities.
Extremities-Your doctor will examine your child's hands, arms, legs, feet, fingers, and toes, looking for any abnormalities or any signs that might indicate a medical condition.
Check your dog's mouth, teeth, and gums for abnormalities when you brush his teeth.
In the event there are truly no pups, it might also reveal a cyst or other abnormalities that might be occurring.
A brain scan may help identify brain abnormalities and damage, showing evidence of the disease.
These abnormalities can contribute to the lack of regulation of the REM sleep, a part of the sleep cycle.
A few anatomical abnormalities of the ear, nose, and throat can cause snoring by obstructing the airway.
If the sleep problem derives from structural abnormalities, you may be referred to an ENT for evaluation.
Conditions such as chronic pain, breathing abnormalities, gastroesophageal reflux disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes and lung disease commonly cause insomnia.
Narcolepsy is thought to be caused by abnormalities in the structure and the function of nerve cells in the brain.
Dental appliances effectively treat most cases of snoring resulting from jaw or mouth abnormalities.
Snoring occurs when the airways narrow due to poor sleep posture or soft tissue abnormalities in the throat.
Snoring occurs when the airways narrow during sleep, either due to structural abnormalities in the mouth, jaw, or throat, or because of poor sleep posture or nasal congestion.
Dental appliances help improve snoring caused by mouth or jaw abnormalities.
Pathologic heart murmurs are caused by structural abnormalities of the heart.
The doctor looks inside the mouth for abnormalities in color, moisture, surface texture, or the presence of any thickening or sores in the lips, tongue, gums, the roof of the mouth, or the throat.
The doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum and rotates it slowly to feel for growths, tumors, or other abnormalities.
The testes are examined visually, looking for unevenness, swelling, or other abnormalities.
Laboratory studies of sputum, blood, urine, and stool can detect abnormalities that may confirm cancer.
By examining certain cell characteristics, abnormalities can be identified and the presence of specific types of cells can be diagnostic for certain cancers.
Cytogenetic analysis of tumor chromosomes, for example, can identify structural abnormalities that may explain the unique origins of cancer in an individual child.
Spectral karyotyping (SKY), an advanced method of screening chromosomes for numeric and structural abnormalities, is used to evaluate pediatric tumors.
Gene studies may be done to detect abnormalities on chromosomes 17 and 22.
Curvature of the spin (scoliosis) may be present, elevated blood pressure, and abnormalities in height, weight, and head size may also be noticed on physical examination.
A higher incidence of leukemia has also been observed among persons with Down syndrome and some other genetic abnormalities.
Children who have problems with the myelin have CMT type 1 and children who have abnormalities of the axon have CMT type 2.
The doctor will examine the child's skin for purpura, other skin rashes or ulcers, reddening or swelling of the skin, and will note the locations of these abnormalities.
Key features include symptoms that mimic gastrointestinal obstruction and nervous system abnormalities.
Other symptoms may include eye muscle paralysis, muscle weakness, loss of coordination, and brain abnormalities.
The symptoms implied by this disorder's name include nervous system abnormalities, loss of coordination, and progressive loss of vision.
Often a neurological exam is performed to determine if there are any brain abnormalities.
Risk factors for this paralytic illness include older age, pregnancy, abnormalities of the immune system, and a recent episode of excessively strenuous exercise concurrent with the onset of the CNS phase.
Genetic abnormalities in the manufacturing of collagen within the body affect connective tissues, causing them to be abnormally weak.
The leading causes of infant death include congenital abnormalities, pre-term/low birth weight, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), problems related to complications of pregnancy, and respiratory distress syndrome.
Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder of the connective tissue that causes abnormalities of a child's eyes, cardiovascular system, and musculoskeletal system.
Because of the abnormalities of the child's fibrillin, the walls of the aorta (the large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart) are weaker than normal and tend to stretch and bulge out of shape.
The short-term side effects can include sedation, dysphoria, weight gain, movement abnormalities, depression, and poor school performance.
Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.
Alterations in enzyme levels, tissue abnormalities, and organ malfunction may be followed by illness and death.
Somatrotropin (hGH) is measured in the clinical laboratory to identify hGH deficiency in adolescents with short stature, delayed sexual maturity, and other growth or development abnormalities.
The somatomedin C test is usually ordered to help detect pituitary abnormalities, hGH deficiency, and acromegaly.
In asymptomatic children with COA, the descending aorta receives left ventricle blood through the ascending aorta; these children have fewer, if any, associated cardiac abnormalities.
There may be structural abnormalities in the uterus, cervix, or vagina that prevent the shed tissue from leaving the body.
The physical examination may include a pelvic examination to check for abnormalities in the structure of the vagina or cervix.
In some cases the doctor may order an ultrasound study of the pelvic region to check for anatomical abnormalities or x rays or a bone scan to check for bone fractures.
Tumors of the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland or abnormalities of the reproductive organs usually require surgery.
On the other hand, amenorrhea associated with glandular disturbances, tumors, genetic or anatomical abnormalities, diabetes, or other systemic disorders is part of a larger and more worrisome picture.
The amniotic fluid can be examined for signs of chromosome abnormalities or other genetic diseases.
Since growth is a complex phenomenon, it may be slowed down or stopped by abnormalities arising at any point in the process.
Deprivational dwarfism-A condition where emotional disturbances are associated with growth failure and abnormalities of pituitary function.
Studies have suggested that a multivitamin including folic acid may reduce birth defects, including congenital abnormalities.
Smoking, drinking alcohol, using recreational drugs or drugs not prescribed by a physician and having a poor diet while pregnant may increase the risk of congenital abnormalities.
The delay in normal functioning caused by brachial plexopathy and any muscle imbalances across a joint can have a major impact on the child's growing skeleton and can result in permanent muscular-skeletal abnormalities.
Additional research has concentrated on how and when the brain abnormalities that characterize the disorder develop.
Heartbeat abnormalities such as tachycardia (rapid heart rate) and heart block (impaired conduction of the heart's cardiac impulses) are common occurrences.
Amantadine may provide some limited improvement in ataxic symptoms, but is not recommended in children with cardiac abnormalities.
However, among the many abnormalities of ureteral development, duplication is quite common.
The trouble these abnormalities bring is directly related to their effect on the flow of urine.
Practically the only symptom generated by ureteral abnormalities is urinary tract infection.
For children experiencing serious or recurrent urinary tract infections, the pediatrician will search for underlying abnormalities.
Neurologic abnormalities resulting in poor coordination and an unsteady gait (ataxia).
This symptom results from neurologic abnormalities affecting the cerebellum that controls balance.
These chromosomal abnormalities often occur close to genes that control the function of white blood cells, such as immunoglobulins and T-lymphocytes.
Researchers are testing how effectively this protocol prevents immune abnormalities and immune-related cancers in these mice.
These abnormalities can go unnoticed if the opening is small and produces no abnormal symptoms.
Congenital stridor is caused by abnormalities in the airways that cause them to partially collapse when the child breathes.
Diagnostic x rays are useful in detecting abnormalities within the body.
Heart muscle abnormalities may lead to congestive heart failure.
The stimuli used to evoke a response can be the use of nasal suctioning, stroking the back to assess for spinal abnormalities, having the foot tapped.
Often congenital and hereditary hair loss and hair shaft abnormalities, however, have no effective treatment.
Achondroplasia (short-limbed dwarfism) is a genetic disorder that impairs embryonic development, resulting in abnormalities in bone growth and cartilage development.
It is one of a class of illnesses called chondrodystrophies, all of which involve cartilage abnormalities and result in short stature.
Possible causes that center on the fetus rather than the mother include chromosomal abnormalities, genetic and other syndromes that impair skeletal growth, and defects of the placenta or umbilical cord.
Genetic factors, including abnormalities in the structure of the prefrontal cortex of the brain, may play a role in an inherited predisposition to antisocial behaviors.
A complete blood count (CBC) reveals abnormalities in the blood and may indicate whether bone marrow has been affected.
This is due in part to the facial abnormalities that characterize this syndrome, including a relatively large tongue.
The abnormalities of muscle control that define CP are often accompanied by other neurological and physical abnormalities.
The complicated process of brain development before birth is susceptible to many chance errors that can result in abnormalities of varying degrees.
Some of these errors will result in structural anomalies of the brain, while others may cause undetectable, but significant, abnormalities in how the cerebral cortex is wired.
Structural abnormalities of the placenta, premature detachment of the placenta from the uterine wall (abruption), and placental infections (chorioamnionitis) are thought to pose some risk for CP.
Fixed contractures may cause postural abnormalities in the affected limbs.
Common physical problems include corneal clouding, heart abnormalities, and orthopedic difficulties involving their hands and back.
Spina bifida may arise because of chromosome abnormalities, single gene mutations, or specific environmental insults such as maternal diabetes mellitus or prenatal exposure to certain anticonvulsant drugs.
About 75 percent of abnormalities occur in the lower back (lumbar) region.
Since most abnormalities occur in the lumbar region, the lower limbs are paralyzed and lack sensation.
There are a number of mild variant forms of spina bifida, including multiple vertebral abnormalities, skin dimples, tufts of hair, and localized areas of skin deficiency over the spine.
Other spine abnormalities such as congenital scoliosis and kyphosis, or soft tissue tumors overlying the spine, are not likely to have these accompanying findings.
In cases in which there are no external findings, the diagnosis is more difficult and may not become evident until neurological abnormalities or hydrocephaly develop weeks, months, or years following birth.
Prevention of isolated spina bifida and other spinal abnormalities became possible in the 1980s and 1990s.
Lab tests for paresthesia may include blood tests and urinalysis to detect metabolic or nutritional abnormalities.
Neuroimaging-The use of x-ray studies and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect abnormalities or trace pathways of nerve activity in the central nervous system.
The leading cause of infant mortality is congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities with a rate of 20.2 percent.
However, in addition to kidney damage, urinary tract obstructions can lead to multiple abnormalities and depleted amniotic fluid, which endangers the fetus and prevents the lungs from growing.
Since additional congenital defects preclude prenatal surgery, amniocentesis or chorionic villi sampling (CVS) are used to check for chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus.
These cells are then tested for chromosome abnormalities or other genetic diseases.
Otitis-Inflammation of the ear, which may be marked by pain, fever, abnormalities of hearing, hearing loss, noise in the ears, and dizzy spells.
It is important to note that animal and human studies have shown that neurologic and behavioral abnormalities can be present without characteristic facial features.
Abnormalities in attention and concentration can indicate problems related to anxiety or hallucinations.
The eyeball is also checked for abnormalities in movement.
Patients who have sensory abnormalities may have a lesion above the thalamus.
These tests may include a complete blood analysis, liver function tests, kidney function tests, hormone tests, and a lumbar puncture to determine abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid.
This picture is complicated still further by the interaction of possible physical abnormalities with a number of environmental and developmental factors known to increase the risk of SIDS.
About 30 to 50 percent of infants born with duodenal atresia also have Down syndrome, and some have cardiac abnormalities as well.
An echocardiogram and chest x rays may be done to evaluate the infant for any other possible abnormalities, including cardiac defects and abnormal development of the pancreas, which is often associated with duodenal obstruction.
The condition's characteristics include language abnormalities, restricted and repetitive interests, and the appearance of these characteristics in early childhood.
Various abnormalities in the autistic brain have been documented.
In about 5 percent of cases, retardation is transmitted genetically, usually through abnormalities in chromosomes, such as Down syndrome or fragile X syndrome.
An electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG) that records the electrical activity in the heart may be used to check for heart rhythm abnormalities, such as long QT syndrome, in children who have had a pallid breath holding spell.
Dehydration can upset the body's electrolyte balance, leading to potentially life-threatening problems such as heart beat abnormalities (arrhythmia).
The differences among these disorders are continuous, with overlap between abnormalities.
The range of disease abnormalities may be a result of a corresponding range of peroxisome failure.
Failure to thrive is a common characteristic of patients with peroxisomal disorder, along with an enlarged liver, abnormalities in liver enzyme function, and loss of fats in stools (steatorrhea).
Peroxisomal disorders are also associated with facial abnormalities, including high forehead, frontal bossing (swelling), small face, low set ears, and slanted eyes.
In addition to physical abnormalities seen in other types of peroxisomal disorders, common symptoms of X-ALD also include behavioral changes such as abnormal withdrawal or aggression, poor memory, dementia, and poor academic performance.
In addition to X-ALD, there are at least ten other single-enzyme peroxisomal disorders, each with its own specific abnormalities.
In general, most treatments that are attempted for peroxisomal disorders are dietary, whereby attempts are made to artificially correct biochemical abnormalities associated with the disorders.
In addition to abnormalities in the production or absorption of these chemical messengers, imaging studies indicate that the blood flow and metabolism in a part of the brain called the basal ganglia are abnormally low.
This factor may be due to the characteristic facial abnormalities and relatively large tongues of Down-syndrome children.
The chorionic membrane can be examined for signs of chromosome abnormalities or other genetic diseases.
However detecting language delays or abnormalities in bilingual children can be difficult.
However, 10 percent of those with more severe or additional abnormalities die from it.
Children with abdominal wall defects may need additional services, especially those with omphalocele and associated chromosomal abnormalities and birth defects.
A complete blood count will identify low levels of hemoglobin, small red blood cells, and other red blood cell abnormalities that are characteristic of a thalassemia diagnosis.
The extra chromosome 13 causes numerous physical and mental abnormalities, especially heart defects.
Full trisomy 13, which is present in the majority of the cases, results in the most severe and numerous internal and external abnormalities.
However, children with better prognoses require medical treatment to correct structural abnormalities and associated complications.
Structural abnormalities such as cleft lip and cleft palate can be corrected through surgery.
The two most common congenital bladder abnormalities are exstrophy and congenital diverticula.
A major consideration with congenital abnormalities is that they tend to be multiple.
In osteogenesis imperfecta, the collagen produced is abnormal and disorganized, which results in a number of abnormalities throughout the body, the most notable being fragile, easily broken bones.
Evidence suggests that OI results from abnormalities in the collagen gene COL1A1 or COL1A2 and possibly abnormalities in other genes.
Using ultrasound, a doctor can examine the fetus's skeleton for bowing of the leg or arm bones, fractures, shortening, or other bone abnormalities that may indicate OI.
Because the symptoms of OI are caused by collagen abnormalities and not a calcium deficiency (such as in osteoporosis), supplementation of vitamins or minerals will not cure the disease.
Structural irregularities of the tongue, palate, or teeth (including abnormalities in the number or position of the teeth) may be implicated in lisping, but they generally are not the main causes.
B cell abnormalities are more common than T cell abnormalities.
Although the cause is unknown, chronic leukemia is linked to genetic abnormalities and environmental factors.
An electrocardiogram could be performed to detect abnormalities in heart rhythm associated with DM.
Other common abnormalities include elbow deformities, abnormally shaped pelvis bone (hip bone), and kidney (renal) disease.
Less common medical findings include defects of the upper lip, the roof of the mouth, and unusual skeletal abnormalities.
Skeletal abnormalities may include poorly developed shoulder blades (scapulae), sideways bent fingers (clinodactyly), clubfoot, scoliosis, and unusual neck bones.
Fingernail abnormalities are found in about 98 percent of children with this disorder.
Abnormalities may be found in one or more fingernails.
Kneecap abnormalities, present in about 92 percent of children with this disorder, are the second most common sign associated with this disorder.
Nail-patella syndrome has also been associated with abnormalities of the cornea, cataracts, and astigmatism.
Diagnosis of this disease is most often made on visual medical symptoms such as the characteristic abnormalities of the fingernails and kneecaps.
If the infection occurs during early pregnancy, there is a small (less than 5%) risk of congenital abnormalities.
High blood pressure may be due to aortic constriction or to kidney abnormalities; however, in a majority of cases, no specific cause for high blood pressure can be identified.
A kidney ultrasound can be used to evaluate abnormalities of the kidneys.
It is characterized by delay in the ability to relax muscles after forceful contraction (myotonia) and wasting of muscles, as well as other abnormalities.
Above normal levels of phenylalanine are toxic to the cells that make up the nervous system and cause irreversible abnormalities in brain structure and function in PKU patients.
Some of these children have other defects such as cardiac anomalies, chromosomal abnormalities, kidney and genital anomalies, and neural tube defects, such as spina bifida.
Because the abnormalities of this hip problem often vary, a thorough physical examination is necessary for an accurate diagnosis of congenital hip dysplasia.
The doctor will perform a medical history and physical examination, including a pelvic exam, where he or she will look for any abnormalities, signs of infection, and possible causes of secondary dysmenorrheal.
Finally, there are in females abnormalities in hormone production that produce male characteristics, so called virilizing syndromes.
It causes major physical abnormalities and severe mental retardation.
Abnormalities often occur in the lungs and diaphragm (the muscle that controls breathing), and blood vessel malformations are common.
The child may have an umbilical or inguinal hernia, malformed kidneys, and abnormalities of the urogenital system, including undescended testicles in a male child (cryptochordism).
Edwards' syndrome at birth may be diagnosed by the physical abnormalities characteristic to the syndrome.
Since babies with Edwards' syndrome frequently have major physical abnormalities, doctors and parents face difficult choices regarding treatment.
Abnormalities can be treated to a certain degree with surgery, but extreme invasive procedures may not be in the best interests of an infant whose lifespan is measured in days or weeks.
Problems with muscle tone and nervous system abnormalities will affect the development of motor skills, possibly resulting in scoliosis (curvature of the spine) and esotropia (crossed eyes).
Other abnormalities that may require consideration of medical or surgical intervention include club foot, facial clefts, spina bifida, and hydrocephalus.
They will have many physical abnormalities that require constant care as doctors and parents work together to prevent and treat various problems.
Treatment within the first few months of life can prevent mental retardation and physical abnormalities.
In children, cystitis often is caused by congenital abnormalities (present at birth) of the urinary tract.
Women and children with recurrent UTIs can be given ultrasound exams of the kidneys and bladder together with a voiding cystourethrogram to test for structural abnormalities.
Surgery also is used to treat reflux problems (movement of the urine backward) or other structural abnormalities in children and anatomical abnormalities in adult males.
Some mild cases may be undetected, with no abnormalities present except infertility.
Klinefelter syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities.
The person should be hospitalized if any abnormalities are found or if confusion persists.
As of 2004, researchers disagreed as to whether it is learned behavior, the result of biochemical or neurological abnormalities, or a combination of factors.
No structural or metabolic abnormalities are present that may be responsible for the IBS symptoms.
Researchers at the Naval Medical Center in San Diego, California, reported in 2003 that 70 percent of research subjects with severe motion sickness had abnormalities of the vestibular system.
E., et al. "Vestibular Testing Abnormalities in Individuals with Motion Sickness."
The loss of fluids through diarrhea and vomiting can upset the body's electrolyte balance, leading to potentially life-threatening problems such as heart beat abnormalities (arrhythmia).
In some cases abnormalities may arise during prenatal development that cause physical malformations or developmental delays or affect various parts of the body after the child is born.
Some abnormalities are minor and do not affect the long-term prognosis once the child is born.
At the other end of the spectrum, abnormalities may be so severe that fetal demise is inevitable.
Approximately 10 to 15 percent of pregnancies end before the twentieth week, a process called miscarriage or spontaneous abortion; congenital abnormalities account for a significant proportion of miscarriages.
Genetic abnormalities account for approximately 5 percent of miscarriages.
One reason is that the risk of certain congenital abnormalities such as Down syndrome increases with mother's age (particularly mothers over forty).
Rubella infection during early pregnancy can pass through the placenta to the developing infant and cause serious birth defects, including heart abnormalities, mental retardation, blindness, and deafness.
It is often associated with other craniofacial abnormalities, including Crouzon syndrome, Apert syndrome, Pfeiffer syndrome, and Saethre-Chotzen syndrome.
Genetic abnormalities such as craniosynostosis are described by the type of chromosome that carries the abnormal gene and whether the gene is recessive or dominant.
Family history of craniosynostosis or other craniofacial abnormalities also will be discussed.
A barium-enhanced x ray of the intestines may also be used to detect abnormalities that can cause bleeding.
The syndrome can be associated with other physical abnormalities.
Orthodontic pacifiers do not prevent dental abnormalities.
Sturge-Weber also is characterized by neurological abnormalities including seizures, weakness on one side of the body, developmental delay, and glaucoma (increased pressure within the eye).
Other neurological abnormalities may be present, including angioma on the brain's surface.
In the absence of port wine stain, other neurological abnormalities will help determine the diagnosis.
The prognosis for SWS depends on the specific neurological abnormalities present.
Some abnormalities associated with SWS may worsen with age.
In some cases, the doctor may order laboratory tests or imaging studies to determine the presence of drugs or poisonous substances in the person's blood or urine, or evidence of head injuries or abnormalities in the digestive tract.
Lissencephaly is often associated with facial abnormalities including a small jaw, a high forehead, a short nose, and low-set ears.
Some cases of holoprosencephaly are caused by trisomy of chromosome 13, while others are due to abnormalities in chromosomes 7 or 18.
Electroencephalography (EEG) may be used to reveal characteristic abnormalities.
Amniocentesis may reveal trisomies or other chromosomal abnormalities.
This procedure is most helpful in assessing abnormalities of the skull and backbone associated with Chiari malformation.
Gonzalez-Barranco, et al. "Early Malnutrition and Metabolic Abnormalities Later in Life."
In adults, less common effects of Lyme disease are heart abnormalities (such as irregular rhythm or cardiac block) and eye abnormalities (such as swelling of the cornea, tissue, or eye muscles and nerves).
Corticosteroids (oral) may be prescribed if eye abnormalities occur, but they should not be used without first consulting an eye doctor.
Careful chromosomal study can reveal abnormalities on chromosome 15 that are consistent with those identified in Angelman's syndrome.
Many people with adult osteopetrosis are diagnosed only when abnormalities are discovered on x rays taken for other purposes.
Osteopetrosis is usually diagnosed when x rays reveal abnormalities or increases in bone density.
Clefts may occur alone or with other abnormalities that may be hidden or obvious.
Learning disorders are thought to be caused by neurological abnormalities or differences that trigger impairments in the regions of the brain that control visual and language processing and attention and planning.
Brain scan research has revealed that there might be abnormalities in the brains of stutterers, while they are stuttering.
Chest x rays may be taken to look for skeletal and cardiac abnormalities.
Abdominal x rays may be taken as well to look for intestinal obstruction and abnormalities.
In some cases, abnormalities in skeletal development are caused by nutritional deficiencies that may or may not be reversible.
Other disorders are congenital and caused by genetic abnormalities.
In some cases, skeletal abnormalities are inherited from one or both parents or occur as a result of genetic mutation.
By encouraging the development of the three key elements of self esteem-acceptance, competence, and purpose-parents can help a child with skeletal abnormalities develop positive body image and confidence in his or her abilities.
A healthcare provider should be contacted if a child exhibits symptoms of skeletal or growth abnormalities, such as abnormally short or tall height for age, frequent bone fractures, bony growths, or bone or joint pain.
Proof that genetic factors contribute to Hirschsprung's disease is that it is known to run in families, and it has been seen in association with some chromosome abnormalities.
This cry is characteristic of babies born to crack-addicted mothers and has been linked to abnormalities in the central nervous system.
A liver biopsy may also be done after clotting abnormalities are corrected with vitamin K or blood products.
In rare cases, congenital torticollis can also be a symptom of other congenital disorders including abnormalities of the neck vertebra such as spina bifida or Arnold-Chiari syndrome.
A computed tomography (CT) scan and/or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is done to check for abnormalities in the soft tissue, such as tumors.
Of all the chromosomal abnormalities that result in spontaneous abortion or miscarriage, Turner's syndrome is the most common, accounting for about 20 percent of all miscarriages.
There are no physical abnormalities in most males with XYY syndrome.
Women with Turner's syndrome are characterized by short stature, absence of secondary sexual characteristics, infertility, and a number of other physical abnormalities.
A multiple marker test or triple screen is used to determine if a fetus is at an increased risk of having certain congenital abnormalities.
Called nuchal translucency, the measurement tends to be larger in fetuses with genetic abnormalities such as Down syndrome, trisomy 13, trisomy 18, Turner syndrome, and triploidy.
The cells are then analyzed in a laboratory for the presence of genetic abnormalities.
X rays may be taken to determine if there has been a head injury or abnormalities within the structure of the nose.
Diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome can be made by ultrasound examination around the eighteenth week of pregnancy, when abnormalities in the development of the heart or the palate can be detected.
Anaphylaxis is marked by airway constriction, blood pressure drop, widespread tissue swelling, heart rhythm abnormalities, and in some cases, loss of consciousness.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic skin disorder associated with biochemical abnormalities in the patient's body tissues and immune system.
In addition to genetic susceptibility, AD is the end result of a complex inflammatory process involving abnormalities in the child's skin and immune system.
A generalized seizure occurs when electrical abnormalities exist throughout the brain.
Generalized epileptic seizures occur when electrical abnormalities exist throughout the brain.
Thicker measurements correlate with the possibility of Down syndrome or other chromosomal abnormalities.
The risk of liver dysfunction has been shown to be higher in infants who were born before term (less than 37 weeks' gestation) or who have other abnormalities in addition to an elevated total serum bilirubin.
Additional tests may be required to evaluate G6PD deficiency, genetic abnormalities, or liver function.
Visual jaundice present at birth may predict rapid rises in bilirubin and risk of liver dysfunction or other abnormalities.
A distinct pattern of irregularities, abnormalities, and a coarse appearance can be clearly seen if a child has rickets.
The bone abnormalities (visible by x ray) generally disappear gradually over a period of three to nine months.
This condition, called hirsutism, is not itself life-threatening (though the emotional effects can be traumatic), but it can indicate more serious conditions such as tumors, cancer, or endocrine system abnormalities.
No, the Perm Fresh Leave In Treatment will not regrow hair where hair shaft abnormalities have occurred.
Diagnose, monitor, and treat abnormalities of the skin, hair, nails, including skin cancers, tumors, moles, acne, eczema, and contact dermatitis.
The most common cause is chromosomal problems or genetic abnormalities.
For starters, eating disorders can cause electrolyte abnormalities.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders can include neurological problems, behavior problems, defects in the heart, bones, kidneys, or hearing, and many other abnormalities.
Some individuals have chromosomal abnormalities that make gender identification difficult.
Sex doesn't cause a pregnancy to end; miscarriages are the result of abnormalities in the developing fetus.
One possible factor is that older women are more likely to conceive babies with chromosomal abnormalities.
Chromosomal abnormalities are the most common cause of first trimester miscarriage.
In fact, studies indicate that more than half of all miscarriages that occur before 12 weeks can be attributed to chromosomal abnormalities.
In roughly 15 percent of these cases, abnormalities of the uterus and cervix are found to be a significant factor.
The fluid is then sent to a lab where it will be tested for genetic abnormalities like Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, and spina bifida.
Due to some possible amniocentesis risks, this procedure is usually only performed if the pregnancy is considered high-risk or if there were any abnormalities found on an earlier ultrasound.
Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, and spina bifida are some of the most common abnormalities that an amnio can detect.
From the amniotic fluid, lab technicians can determine the sex of the baby as well as other chromosomal abnormalities that indicate a genetic defect.
Of the over 400 abnormalities a child can be born with, amniocentesis can identify forty of them.
The blood test given during the first trimester screening is for chromosomal abnormalities in the baby, including Down's Syndrome (trisomy 21), Edwards Syndrome (trisomy 18), skeletal defects, or heart defects.
The results of the first trimester screening tests, combined with your age, will indicate whether your baby has a high or low risk of chromosomal abnormalities.
Since the results are given as high risk or low risk of chromosomal abnormalities, it does not necessarily mean that your baby has a condition, it just means you need to do further tests.
Not all women are tested for genetic abnormalities in pregnancy.
During your first prenatal visit, your practitioner will ask you about any genetic abnormalities in your immediate family and that of the father.
In the second trimester, amniocentesis might be done to look for the same abnormalities.
Abnormalities in the fallopian tubes that are present at birth can increase the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.
Methadone treatments in pregnancy are not associated with an increased risk of congenital abnormalities in infants, but the primary concern is dependency in the developing baby.
People suffering from porphyria have facial skin with brown pigmentation, and suffer from facial abnormalities, skin lesions, hand and face deformities and photo-sensitivity.
Consider handmade shoes if you have various foot abnormalities, such as a high arch, a flat foot, a narrow or wide foot, or medical conditions such as painful bunions.
Children with autism do not only show behavioral abnormalities, but may also be overly sensitive to sensory inputs such as hearing, touch, smell, and taste.
These genetic abnormalities occur during gestation rather than being inherited from parents.
Among these are speech and language delays or abnormalities, communication and interaction difficulties, marked social anxiety, repetitive behaviors, sensory issues, and a strong preference for structure and routine.
Some studies provide insight into possible causes such as a virus, environmental toxins, brain abnormalities, immune deficiencies, food allergies or genetics.
When myelin fails to develop properly, the nerve fibers do not work correctly and brain abnormalities such as autism symptoms may occur.
In most cases, it is the parents who first notice these symptoms, but pediatricians may also detect abnormalities in behavior and development during routine appointments.
The precise cause of Asperger syndrome remains unknown, although some theories point to brain abnormalities brought about by the unnatural migration of embryonic cells throughout fetal development.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke discusses brain abnormalities and possible causes of AS.
They are whole body treatment approaches based upon the idea that abnormalities like hormone imbalances, vitamin deficiencies and environmental pollutants cause autism symptoms.
The news of the death of season-10 cast member Jennifer Lyon was a blow to the Survivor franchise, and helped bring attention to the issue of breast cancer and the importance of seeing a doctor as soon as you detect any abnormalities.
The best choice you can make for your health is to report any abnormalities immediately to your doctor, and perhaps pay a visit to your dermatologist to learn more about skin cancer and how to recognize its danger signs.
There is no specific treatment required, although a yearly skin exam is recommended to rule out any abnormalities or malignant melanomas.
Related to abnormalities of colour we may expect to find corresponding polarization effects.
It is difficult to estimate the value of abnormalities as evidence bearing on morphological interpretation; the chief danger lies perhaps in attaching undue weight to them, but there is also a risk of minimizing their importance.
If any changes or abnormalities are noted on the fingernails, it's important to get checked out by a doctor to rule out any serious conditions.