See opening of the letters of Abimelech of Tyre, Bezold's Oriental Diplomacy, Nos.
8 sqq.; see Abimelech).
David's friendly relations with the Philistines find a parallel in Isaac's covenant with Abimelech.
when Abimelech (the Philistine king in the stories of Abraham and Isaac) could be substituted in the title of Ps.
ABIMELECH (Hebrew for "father of [or is] the king").
Abimelech is called "king of the Philistines," but the title is clearly an anachronism.
On the death of Gideon, Abimelech set himself to assert the authority which his father had earned, and through the influence of his mother's clan won over the citizens of Shechem.
Abimelech thus became king, and extended his authority over central Palestine.
Abimelech, warned by his deputy Zebul, left his residence at Arumah and approached the city.
This revolt, which Abimelech successfully quelled, appears to be only an isolated episode.
It is usual to regard Abimelech's reign as the first attempt to establish a monarchy in Israel, but the story is mainly that of the rivalries of a half-developed petty state, and of the ingratitude of a community towards the descendants of its deliverer.
The mother of Abimelech the son of Gideon was a Shechemite, and Shechem was the centre of his short-lived kingdom (Jud.
The god of the Canaanite city was Baal-Berith: his temple was destroyed when Abimelech quelled the rising of his fickle subjects (Jud.
A similar experience is said to have happened to Abraham and Sarah at Gerar with the Philistine king Abimelech (xx.
(The dates are due to the post-exilic framework in which the stories are inserted.) Still another episode of the same nature is recorded of Isaac and Rebekah at Gerar, also with Abimelech.
Arising out of the incident is an account of a covenant between Abimelech and Isaac (xxvi.
See further ABIMELECH; GIDEON; MANASSEH; and JEWS: History.
xxvi., on the incidents here recorded, see Abimelech).
The Philistines naturally had a prominent place in popular tradition, and the story of Isaac and the Philistine Abimelech (Gen.
17, 18), while the founder of the Judaean dynasty has intimate relations with a Philistine king Achish (or Abimelech, Ps.
21, and the successors of Jeroboam 2), attacks by nomads and wars with Ammon and Moab; conflicts between newly settled Israelites and indigenous Canaanites have been suspected in the story of Abimelech, and it is not impossible that the post-Deuteronomic writer who inserted ch.
I), and his adventure in the land of Abimelech, king of Gerar (xx.), is a duplicate of xii.
The story of the events at the court of Abimelech (xxvi.) finds a parallel in the now disjointed xx., xxi.
The covenant with Abimelech may be compared with the friendship between David and Achish (1 Sam.
xxvii.), who is actually called Abimelech in the heading of Ps.
It was the scene of the coronation (a religious ceremony) of Abimelech (Judg.
The same agency produces discord between Abimelech and the Shechemites (Judges ix.
Stories of successful warfare and of temporary leaders (see Abimelech; Ehud; Gideon; Jephthah) form an introduction to the institution of the Israelite monarchy, an epoch of supreme importance in biblical history.
22 -34, time of Abraham), notably a covenant with Abimelech at Beer-sheba (whence the name is explained "well of the oath"); (see Abraham).
xxi., xxvii.), to whom David fled, is called Abimelech in the superscription to Psalm xxxiv.
But his success was short-lived, and the subsequent discord between Abimelech and the Shechemites was regarded as a just reward for his atrocious massacre.
(see Abimelech) appears to have been wanting in the Deuteronomic book of Judges, but inserted later perhaps by means of the introduction, viii.
When the latter came to be made king at Shechem, the old religious centre (see Abimelech), hopes were entertained that a more lenient policy would be introduced.
xx.), but here Abimelech takes Sarah to wife, although he is warned by a divine vision before the crime is actually committed.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.