Abdominal sentence example

abdominal
  • Difference of opinion as to the nature of the abdominal appendages pre vails.
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  • The fourth abdominal segment is often very large, and forms the greater part of the hind-body; this segment is markedly constricted at its basal (forward) end, where it is embraced by the small third segment.
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  • n, First Abdominal Segment.
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  • The male opening is on the ninth abdominal segment, to which belong the processes that form the claspers or genital armature.
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  • The larvae have the three pairs of legs well developed, and the hinder abdominal segments swollen.
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  • as there is a break ab, Abdominal ganglion.
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  • On account of the great extension of the metathorax and the haunches of the large hindlegs, the first abdominal sternite is wanting, and the second is - the stylets.
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  • abdominal segment;.
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  • In Hemiptera only eleven and in Collembola only yolk, and that the mesenteric epithelium becomes reinforced by six abdominal segments have been detected.
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  • ab, Abdominal ganglion or site pe, The right pedal nerve.
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  • - This is an important tribe of beetles, including families with four malpighian tubes and only five or six abdominal sterna, while in the thorax there is a backwardly directed process of the prosternum that fits into a mesosternal cavity.
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  • The nervous system is remarkably concentrated in some beetles, the abdominal ganglia showing a tendency to become shifted forward and crowded together, and in certain chafers all the thoracic and abdominal ganglia are fused into a single nervecentre situated in the thorax, - a degree of specialization only matched in the insectan class among the Hemiptera and some muscid flies.
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  • The young insect resembles its parent in most points, but the head is disproportionately large; the anterior abdominal spiracles are on the second segment instead of on the first, and the foot has only a single segment.
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  • From this point backwards the successive abdominal segments, as far as the seventh or eighth, can be readily made out.
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  • For the appreciation of the sounds made by these stridulators, the ants are furnished with delicate organs of hearing (chordotonal organs) in the head, in the three thoracic and two of the abdominal segments and in the shins of the legs.
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  • The insects of this order have mandibles adapted for biting, and two pairs of membranous wings are usually present; the first abdominal segment (propodeum) becomes closely associated with the fore-body (thorax), of which it appears to form a part.
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  • They may be distinguished from the Malacodermata by the presence of only five or six abdominal sterna, while six malpighian tubes are present in some of the families.
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  • The female is a segmented, wormlike creature, spending her whole life within the body of the bee, wasp or bug on which she is parasitic. One end of her body protrudes from between two of the abdominal segments of the host; it has been a subject of dispute whether this protruded end is the head or the tail, but there can be little doubt that it is the latter.
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  • - Hinder Abdominal Segment and Ovipositor of Female Cockroach.
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  • Appendicitis is the most common abdominal emergency found in children and young adults.
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  • The peculiar form and arrangement of the anterior abdominal segments have already been described.
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  • In these ants the difference between the large, heavy, winged males and females, and the small, long-legged, active workers, is so great, that various forms of the same species have been often referred to distinct genera; in Eciton, for example, the female has a single petiolate abdominal segment, the worker two.
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  • Abdominal ganglion at the extremity of the twisted visceral " loop."
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  • In addition, cefoxitin, a cephamycin, is highly active against anaerobic bacteria, which offers utility in treatment of abdominal infections.
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  • In children, appendicitis is the most common abdominal medical emergency and most common pediatric emergency surgical procedure.
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  • This condition, called appendicitis, can rapidly evolve into a life-threatening or fatal infection of the abdominal cavity (peritonitis) if not treated immediately.
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  • Appendicitis can also be caused by foreign bodies (e.g., intrauterine device or something swallowed), traumatic abdominal injury, or tumors.
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  • Blockage of the appendix then causes inflammation, increased pressure, and restricted blood flow, leading to abdominal pain and tenderness in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen.
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  • Once the appendix is perforated, bacteria-filled fluid is released into the abdominal cavity and peritonitis then develops.
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  • When perforation occurs, abdominal pain becomes more intense and involves the whole abdominal area, and fever may be very high.
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  • Although infants and children younger than two years may also have abdominal pain and other symptoms, they are too young to effectively communicate their symptoms to adults, who may then miss the symptoms of appendicitis.
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  • Symptoms in combination that require a doctor's immediate attention include significant abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, swollen or bloated abdomen, and loss of appetite.
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  • If abdominal pain begins before nausea and vomiting, rather than after, appendicitis rather than intestinal infection is more likely.
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  • Imaging tests can include abdominal x rays, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT).
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  • Abdominal pain is a common complaint in children, and making a timely diagnosis of appendicitis before perforation is often difficult.
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  • In an open appendectomy, the appendix is removed through a standard abdominal incision.
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  • Deeper abdominal exercises - These exercises work on the deeper layers of muscles.
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  • The euthyneurous visceral loop is long, and presents only one ganglion (in Aplysia camelus, but two distinct ganglia joined to one another in Aplysia hybrida of the English coast), placed at its extreme limit, representing both the right and left visceral ganglia and the third or abdominal ganglion, which are so often separately present.
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  • In some cases, however, it can be shown that the cerci really belong to an eleventh abdominal segment which usually becomes fused with the tenth.
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  • s Abdominal Segments and i Appendages.
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  • Their abdominal bones are like those of the marsupials; and they are furnished with pouches for their young, but have no teats, the milk being distilled into their pouches from the mammary glands.
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  • The left hepatica magna receives also the umbilical vein, which persists on the visceral surface of the abdominal wall, often anastomosing with the epigastric veins.
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  • In male beetles, however, the two pairs of genital processes (paramera) belonging to the ninth abdominal segment are always present, though sometimes reduced.
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  • The well-known "fire-flies" of the tropics are large click-beetles (Elateridae), that emit light from paired spots on the prothorax and from the base of the ventral abdominal region.
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  • Lameere's classification is founded on the number of abdominal sterna, the nervuration of the wings, the number of malpighian tubules (whether four or six) and other structural characters.
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  • In many of those ants whose third abdominal segment forms a second " node," the basal dorsal region of the fourth segment is traversed by a large number of very fine transverse striations; over these the sharp hinder edge of the third segment can be scraped to and fro, and the result is a stridulating organ which gives rise to a note of very high pitch.
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  • The hinder abdominal segments and the stings of the queens and workers resemble those of other stinging Hymenoptera.
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  • Paired processes on the eighth and ninth abdominal segments may be specialized as external organs of reproduction, but these are probably not appendages.
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  • The female genital opening usually lies in front of the eighth abdominal segment, the male duct opens on the ninth.
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  • The vagina usually opens in front of the eighth abdominal sternite.
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  • sp, Abdominal ganglion which represents also the supra-intestinal ganglion of Streptoneura and gives off the nerve to the osphradium (olfactory organ) o, and another to an unlettered socalled " genital " ganglion.
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  • In some embryos there is but a single pair of these rudiments (or vestiges) situate on the first abdominal segment, and in some cases they become invaginations of a glandular nature.
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  • The tenth abdominal segment carries strong, unjointed cerci, while the presence of reproductive armature on the second abdominal segment of the male is a character found in no other order of the Hexapoda.
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  • Structurally the Neuroptera are distinguished by elongate feelers, a large, free prothorax, a labium with the inner lobes of the second maxillae fused together to form a median ligula, membranous, net-veined wings without hairy covering, those of the two pairs being usually alike, the absence of abdominal cerci, and the presence of six or eight Malpighian tubes.
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  • They may be distinguished from the Neuroptera by the elongation of the head into a beak, the small prothorax, the narrow, elongate wings with predominantly longitudinal neuration, the presence of abdominal cerci and the cruciform larva.
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  • The round ligament is a cord of unstriped muscle which runs from the lateral angle of its own side of the uterus forward to the internal abdominal ring, and so through the inguinal canal to the upper part of the labium majus.
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  • There are usually three small ganglia on the course of this visceral commissure, namely, the right and left visceral ganglia and the abdominal.
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  • The testes are inguinal or abdominal.
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  • The teats vary in number from a single abdominal pair in the guinea-pig to six thoracico-abdominal pairs in the rats; while in the Octodontidae and Capromyidae they are placed high up on the sides of the body.
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  • The testes are permanently abdominal.
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  • jaws under Hexapoda); in the presence of a large number of excretory (Malpighian) tubes; in the firm texture of the forewings; in the presence of appendages (cerci) on the tenth abdominal segment; and in the absence of a metamorphosis, the young insect after hatching closely resembling the parent.
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  • The Acridiidae have the feelers and the ovipositor relatively short, and possess only three tarsal segments; their ears are situated on the first abdominal segment and the males stridulate by scraping rows of pegs on the inner aspect of the hind thigh, over the sharp edges of the forewing nervures.
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  • The upper plumage generally is dark green, but the mantle and rump are crimson, as are a broad abdominal belt, the flanks and many crescentic markings on the otherwise yellow lower parts.
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  • There is a compound abdominal sternum.
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  • The larvae are aquatic, active, armed with strong sharp mandibles, and breathe by means of seven pairs of abdominal branchial filaments.
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  • Both in this species and the slow loris there is a pair of rudimentary abdominal teats in addition to the normal pectoral pair.
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  • Paired abdominal ribs are doubtful.
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  • - Abdominal Plate (worker of Apis), under side, third segment (magnified twenty times).
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  • Even in external view, careful inspection will show that the body is divisible into four regions, namely, cephalic, atrial, abdominal and caudal.
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  • The developing eggs are not carried about by the mother, but deposited in her subaqueous burrow, "where they are aerated by the currents of water produced by the abdominal feet of the parent."
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  • 1, ii.-ix.), accompanied by paired eversible sacs, probably respiratory in function - on eight (or fewer) other abdominal segments.
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  • Willem it appears that the viscid fluid which causes the adherence of the ventral tube is secreted by a pair of glands in the head whose ducts open into a superficial groove leading from the second maxillae backward to the tube on the first abdominal segment.
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  • The third abdominal segment usually carries a pair of short appendages whose basal segments are fused together; this is the "catch" (fig.
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  • 2, 7), whose function is to hold in place the "spring," which is formed by the fourth pair of abdominal appendages - also with fused basal segments.
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  • In most Collembola the spring appears to belong to the fifth abdominal somite, but Willem, by study of the muscles, has shown that it really belongs to the fourth.
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  • ii.-x, Appendages on 2nd to Toth abdominal segments.
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  • The eversible sacs on the abdominal segments are shown, some protruded and some retracted.
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  • These form a more powerful wave-bath, and in combination with intestinal irrigation, are used very successfully for the treatment of abdominal disorders.
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  • In some abdominal conditions, for instance, opium is still preferred by the majority of practitioners, though certainly not in gastric cases, where morphine gives the relief for which opium often increases the need, owing to the irritant action of some of its constituents.
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  • Taken in large doses nitrate of silver is a powerful poison, causing violent abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea with the development of gastro-enteritis.
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  • - Abdominal Somite of a Lobster, separated and viewed from in front.
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  • Ab, abdominal somites.
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  • T, telson, having the uropods or appendages of the last abdominal somite spread out on either side of it, forming the " tail-fan."
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  • 14, third abdominal somite, with appendages or " swimmerets."
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  • It is highly characteristic of the Malacostraca, however, that the trunk-limbs are divided into two sharply defined tagmata corresponding to the thoracic and abdominal regions respectively, the limit between the two being marked by the position of the male genital openings.
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  • The thoracic limbs have the endopodites converted, as a rule, into more or less efficient walking-legs, and the exopodites are often lost, while the abdominal limbs more generally preserve the biramous form and are, in the more primitive types, natatory.
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  • 4) the abdominal appendages are constantly divided into an anterior group of three natatory " swimmerets " and a posterior group of three limbs used chiefly in jumping or in burrowing.
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  • In the Isopoda the respiratory function has been taken over by the abdominal appendages, both rami or only the inner becoming thin or flattened.
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  • In some of the terrestrial Isopoda or woodlice (Oniscoidea) the abdominal appendages have ramified tubular invaginations of the integument, filled with air and resembling the tracheae of insects.
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  • In addition, some of the appendages in the neighbourhood of the genital apertures may be modified for the purpose of transferring the genital products to the female, as, for instance, the first and second abdominal limbs in the Decapoda.
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  • Even in those which have most fully retained the primitive order of development, as in the Penaeidea and Euphausiidae, the last pair of abdominal appendages make their appearance in advance of those immediately in front of them.
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  • 14), the posterior five or six thoracic somites have their development greatly retarded, and are still represented by a short unsegmented region of the body at a time when the abdominal somites are fully formed and even carry appendages.
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  • - Hair coarse and brittle; upper canines of male very long; no tarsal or metatarsal glands or tufts; lateral metacarpals represented by their lower extremities; lateral hoofs very large; tail very short; naked portion of muzzle extensive; male with a large abdominal gland.
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  • From both birds and reptiles the class is distinguished, so far at any rate as existing forms are concerned, by the following features: the absence of a nucleus in the red corpuscles of the blood, which are nearly always circular in outline; the free suspension of the lungs in a thoracic cavity, separated from the abdominal cavity by a muscular partition, or diaphragm, which is the chief agent in inflating the lungs in respiration; the aorta, or main artery, forming but a single arch after leaving the heart, which curves over the left terminal division of the windpipe, or bronchus; the presence of more or fewer hairs on the skin and the absence of feathers; the greater development of the bridge, or commissure, connecting the two halves of the brain, which usually forms a complete corpus callosum, or displays an unusually large size of its anterior portion; the presence of a fully developed larynx at the upper end of the trachea or windpipe, accompanied by the absence of a syrinx, or expansion, near the lower end of the same; the circumstance that each half of the lower jaw (except perhaps at a very early stage of development) consists of a single piece articulating posteriorly with the squamosal element of the skull without the intervention of a separate quadrate bone; the absence of prefrontal bones in the skull; the presence of a pair of lateral knobs, or condyles (in place of a single median one), on the occipital aspect of the skull for articulation with the first vertebra; and, lastly, the very obvious character of the female being provided with milk-glands, by the secretion of which the young (produced, except in the very lowest group, alive and not by means of externally hatched eggs) are nourished for some time after birth.
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  • Among the common characters may be noted the possession of: (i) pectoral mammae; (2) abdominal testes; (3) a bifid apex of the heart; (4) bilophodont molars with a tendency to the formation of an additional lobe from the posterior part of the cingulum.
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  • Eleven somites follow these, forming the abdominal " tagma," giving thus 1 Embryological evidence of this is still wanting.
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  • Terminal telescoping of the abdominal somites and excalation may occur in the adult, reducing the obvious abdominal somites to as few as eight.
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  • the female on the seventh abdominal (seventeenth of the whole series) and the male on the ninth or ante-penultimate abdominal (nineteenth of the whole series).
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  • The appendages of the eighth and tenth abdominal somites are modified as gonapophyses.
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  • They appear to be serial equivalents (homogenous meromes) of the tracheal gills, which develop in a like position on the abdominal segments of some aquatic Hexapods.
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  • The exhausting pain, the serious haemorrhages, and the abdominal septicity associated with a repulsive odour and the absorption of toxic products, which are the chief and ultimately fatal symptoms of that disease, are all directly combated by the administration of oil of turpentine.
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  • The pelvic fins are abdominal in position, long and pointed in shape, and the pelvic bones are connected with the caracoids.
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  • Besides the private practice of his profession, he contributed largely to medical knowledge by the publication of several books, mainly on the anatomy of the pancreas and the abdominal viscera, by papers in the Proceedings of the Royal Society and in professional journals, and by editing for a time the Quarterly Medical Journal.
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  • In a younger stage of their development, however, the young are carried in a temporary abdominal pouch, to which they are transferred after hatching, and into which open the mammary glands.
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  • "plant-lice," "blight," and "green-fly," belonging to the homopterous division of the order Hemiptera, with long antennae and legs, two-jointed, two-clawed tarsi, and usually a pair of abdominal tubes through which a waxy secretion is exuded.
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  • The onset of the flu was abrupt with fever followed by vomiting, abdominal pain and profuse diarrhea.
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  • Reverse Abdominal Nose Panting expands the abdomen on the puff out.
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  • abdominal aortic aneurysm is about 50 per cent, even during operation.
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  • abdominal cavity may be filled with gas to give the surgeon a better view of the interior spaces.
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  • abdominal cramps, upset stomach, swelling at the injection site.
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  • abdominal distension, which he had put down to having a " beer belly " .
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  • abdominal pain, diarrhea, cramps, changes in bowel habits or even rectal bleeding.
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  • abdominal hysterectomy in the same way.
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  • People with a high risk of Diabetes Obese patients, especially abdominal obesity.
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  • There maybe a burning sensation in the stomach, the feeling of an 'empty stomach ' or even abdominal pain.
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  • Typical symptoms include abdominal bloating and soreness, gas, and alternating diarrhea and constipation.
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  • Preparation for the scan People having abdominal, pelvic, or brain scans may be given special instructions in advance about eating and drinking.
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  • Recently, my menstrual flow has changed and I am experiencing abdominal bloating and occasional tenderness.
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  • They also make an exceptional abdominal exercise tool to create powerful and rock hard abs.
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  • Although everyone covets sleek, toned abs, most consider abdominal training to be a real chore.
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  • alternatele Bowel Syndrome causes a wide range of symptoms including alternating constipation and diarrhea and abdominal cramping.
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  • secondary amyloidosis in ankylosing spondylitis: a systematic survey of 137 patients using abdominal fat aspiration.
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  • The risk of death from a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is about 50 per cent, even during operation.
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  • CRD summary This review assessed elective endovascular aneurysm repair in the management of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms.
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  • The abdominal aorta is the commonest site for a true aneurysm.
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  • The other abdominal appendages are much reduced or absent.
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  • Plain abdominal radiography in clinically suspected appendicitis: diagnostic yield, resource use and comparison with CT.
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  • This can happen as a result of a burst appendix, childbirth or abdominal surgery.
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  • appetite nausea and vomiting abdominal pain These symptoms last for around a week.
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  • asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm: estimates from 500 screen detected cases.
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  • A nasogastric tube was inserted and this plain abdominal x-ray shows the ' double-bubble ' appearance of duodenal atresia.
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  • Apart from anterior abdominal contents, only early autolysis.
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  • bloating, gas and abdominal discomfort.
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  • bloating, abdominal cramps, back pain, fatigue, irritability, increased appetite, sugar cravings and depression.
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  • The most efficient breathing for singing and for speaking is a combination of abdominal and diaphragmatic breathing, or belly breathing.
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  • abdominal breathing inflates the lungs from the bottom up, allowing a much fuller breath.
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  • Findings The film shows calcification within the wall of the abdominal aorta.
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  • Obesity In people who are overweight, the fat in their abdominal cavity exerts more pressure on the stomach.
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  • chemotherapy infusion is given into the abdominal cavity through the catheter.
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  • In later pregnancy ultrasound assessment of the fetal abdominal circumference is the most sensitive predictor of fetal weight.
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  • cirrhosis results in jaundice, abdominal swelling and a propensity to bleed from dilated veins (varices) in the gullet and stomach.
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  • Symptom assessment - bowel function (stool frequency, stool consistency, blood in stool) abdominal pain (D ).
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  • constipated, many people can suffer from fatigue, bloating, distension, abdominal pain and even depression.
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  • cramping lower abdominal pains are the most common symptom.
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  • Symptoms include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting diarrhea and abdominal cramps.
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  • Doing abdominal crunches on the AB Revolutionizer is a perfect abdominal workout.
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  • cyclist fatality is crushing by left-turning goods vehicles, usually resulting in massive abdominal trauma.
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  • Humans - often severe with abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, vomiting, fever.
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  • Physical assessment will determine the presence or absence of bowel sounds, flatus, or abdominal distention.
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  • The most common adverse effects associated with itraconazole include dyspepsia, abdominal pain, nausea, and constipation.
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  • Abdomen characteristically humped with short appendages, except in males where the fourth pair of abdominal appendages are much elongated.
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  • The abdominal esophagus is supplied by branches of the left gastric artery and inferior phrenic artery.
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  • Patients were asked to record daily bowel movements, abdominal pain and bloating, straining and incomplete evacuation.
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  • fancy goldfish whose abdominal cavity is tightly packed.
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  • The usual symptoms of lactose intolerance include loose stools, intermittent abdominal distention, colic and excessive flatus after lactose ingestion.
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  • The famous " abdominal floaters ", more dangerous of which many imagine.
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  • While this air may cause the sensation of abdominal fullness, it should not be painful.
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  • During your assessment we will check your blood group and measure your height, weight and abdominal girth.
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  • Rarely worms invade the abdominal cavity, causing granulomas of the liver, ovary, kidney, spleen, and lung.
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  • Multi gyms... www.gymworld.co.uk Abdominal muscle exercises and abdominal oblique exercises.. .
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  • It accounts for 6% of all abdominal wall hernias.
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  • abdominal hysterectomy Four trials of 167 patients were included.
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  • An abdominal x-ray also revealed an apparent paralytic ileus.
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  • However, if a major perforation was detected, then the surgeon would perform an abdominal incision to repair the uterus.
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  • injected into the abdominal cavity.
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  • Some of these symptoms include jaundice, dark urine, nausea, vomiting, abdominal swelling, unusual weight gain, and abdominal pain.
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  • Indications for early mandatory laparotomy in abdominal stab wounds.
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  • We present a patient with a large colonic lipoma causing abdominal pain and altered bowel habit.
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  • Abdominal breathing inflates the lungs from the bottom up, allowing a much fuller breath.
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  • At post-mortem get enlarged lymph nodes (mesenteric and abdominal) and focal necrosis of the liver and spleen.
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  • In a 53 year old patient FDG-PET was performed after chemotherapy of an abdominal Non-Hodgkin lymphoma for evaluation of persistent tumor vitality.
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  • Most GISTs are asymptomatic but may cause abdominal pain or bleeding from ulceration of the overlying mucosa.
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  • Breathe in deeply by allowing your abdominal muscles to expand outwards.
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  • It refers to the strengthening of the abdominal musculature especially transversus abdominus and the deep spinal muscle lumbar multifidus.
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  • They can include: headache fever tiredness aching limbs loss of appetite nausea and vomiting abdominal pain These symptoms last for around a week.
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  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance and accuracy of laparoscopic resection of abdominal neuroblastoma.
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  • old lady presented with a three month history of colicky lower abdominal pain and rectal bleeding.
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  • overlieGISTs are asymptomatic but may cause abdominal pain or bleeding from ulceration of the overlying mucosa.
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  • Female pelvic organs Symptoms of painful periods Cramping lower abdominal pains are the most common symptom.
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  • The larvae or caterpillars have three pairs of thoracic (true) legs and several pairs of fleshy, abdominal prolegs.
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  • puppyere allergies were inflicted on husky puppies and cats were killed in invasive abdominal experiments.
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  • The next two weeks will deal with abdominal radiographs.
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  • radiographs in the diagnosis of abdominal pain.
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  • Where do you see the rapper Abdominal in five years time from now?
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  • Sharon has plenty of muscle - superb back and outstanding side chest and triceps shots - even an abdominal retraction.
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  • rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
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  • A diagnosis of splenic rupture should be considered in patients reporting left upper abdominal pain or shoulder tip pain.
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  • A needle is inserted through the mother's abdominal wall into the amniotic sac holding the baby.
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  • Most fistulas occurred secondary to abdominal surgery and a high proportion (53 %) occurred in association with inflammatory bowel disease.
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  • A central dark bans broadens at the back to cover the final abdominal segments.
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  • sensation of abdominal fullness, it should not be painful.
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  • splenic rupture should be considered in patients reporting left upper abdominal pain or shoulder tip pain.
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  • One patient has been described who developed abdominal striae after using wet wraps (Devillers et al., 2002 ).
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  • Later symptoms include watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, a dry sore throat, & anorexia.
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  • Examination: Neck examination including thyroid; abdominal examination; rectal examination (OSCE ).
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  • It is usually an incidental finding, diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography or as a palpable abdominal mass.
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  • abdominal ultrasonography showed swollen lymph nodes around the abdominal aorta.
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  • HAV infection may cause: nausea; loss of appetite; abdominal pain; and mild gastro-intestinal upset, followed by jaundice.
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  • In sensitive individuals, this dye can produce allergic reactions, including urticaria, severe abdominal cramps and pain.
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  • Images concentrate on the bony landmarks and the major thoracic and abdominal viscera, the musculature and peripheral vasculature.
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  • Indeed surgically creating adhesions between adjacent viscera is an excellent technique to prevent leakage into the abdominal cavity from defects.
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  • viscera in the abdominal cavity.
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  • vomiting abdominal cramps diarrhea Sometimes, you might also develop a fever.
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  • vomiting abdominal pain These symptoms last for around a week.
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  • Plain abdominal X-rays are useful to detect gaseous distention of the dysfunctional organs.
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  • (X too.) and a single abdominal nerve-mass which 8, 9, to, Abdominal is situated far forward.
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  • I, 4) the abdomen is cylindrical, the female is provided with a ventral ovipositor and has the terminal abdominal segment conical; the corresponding segment in the male is usually bluntly rounded.
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  • The articular surfaces of the haunches (coxae) of the fore-legs are often conical or globular, so that each limb works in a ball-and-socket joint, while the hind haunches are large, displacing the ventral sclerites of the first two abdominal segments (fig.
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  • The fifth abdominal segment has a pair of strong dorsal hook-like processes, by means of which the larva supports itself in the burrow which it excavates in the earth, the great head blocking the entrance with the mandibles ready to seize on any unwary insect that may venture within reach.
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  • 9, c) is slender with elongate legs, and the abdominal segments carry paired tracheal gills.
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  • The Staphylinidae, or rove-beetles--a large family of nearly Io,000 species - may be known by their very short elytra, which cover only two of the abdominal segments, leaving the elongate hind-body with seven or eight exposed, firm terga (figs.
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  • - In this tribe may be included a number of families distinguished by the softness of the cuticle, the presence of seven or eight abdominal sterna and of four malpighian tubes, and the firm, well-arm oured larva (fig.
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  • In all ants the second (apparently the first) abdominal segment is very markedly constricted at its front and hind edges, so that it forms a "node " at the base of the hind-body (fig.
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  • I), and in many ants the third abdominal segment is similarly " nodular " in form (fig.
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  • abg, Abdominal ganglion.
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  • The dorsal vessel is an elongate tube, Oblique tergal whose abdominal portion is usually c ha m b e r e d, forming a contractile heartfi Io the (g io).) At th ' constrictions between the pericardium l?': ?:' chambers are paired slits, through which the blood passes from the surround Tergo-sternal .
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  • The fact that there are two pairs of gonapophyses on the ninth abdominal segment would be fatal to the view that they are in any way homologous with legs, were it not that there is some evidence that the division into two pairs is secondary and incomplete.
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  • At a later stage further germ-cells arise from the epithelium of the coelomic pouches from the second to the seventh abdominal segments, and become surrounded by other mesoderm cells which form the ovarian or testicular tubes and ducts (fig.
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  • Verhoeff has lately (1904) put forward the view that there are really six segments in the hexapodan thorax and twenty in the abdomen - the cerci belonging to the seventeenth abdominal segment thus showing a close agreement with the centipede Scolopendra.
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  • Comparison of the tracheated wings with the paired tracheated outgrowths on the abdominal segments of the aquatic campodeiform larva of may-flies (see fig.
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  • 3, i.) with the metathorax, of which it often seems to form a part, the apparent first abdominal segment being, in such case, really the second (fig.
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  • The typical insectan ovipositor, so well developed among the Hymenoptera, consists of three pairs of processes (gonapophyses) two of which belong to the ninth abdominal segment and one to After C. Janet, Aiguillon de la Myrmica rubra (Paris, 18g8).
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  • 6, b) with numerous abdominal pro-legs, but in most families of Hymenoptera the egg is laid in such a situation that an abundant food-supply is assured without exertion on the part of the larva, which is consequently a legless grub, usually white in colour, and with soft flexible cuticle (fig.
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  • All the other families of Hymenoptera, including the gall-flies, ichneumons and aculeates, have the first abdominal segment closely united with the thorax, the second abdominal segment constricted so as to form a narrow stalk or " waist," and legless larvae without a hinder outlet to the food-canal.
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  • 6) or water-scorpions (q.v.) - two British species - are distinguished by their threesegmented feelers, their raptorial fore-legs (in which the shin and foot, fused together, work like a sharp knife-blade on the grooved thigh), and their elongate tail-processes formed of the abdominal pleura and used for respiration.
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  • II) have feelers with seven or fewer distinct segments, and the fifth abdominal From Osb orn (after segment usually carries a pair of tubular proSchibdte), Bull.
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  • The eleventh abdominal segment which carries the short jointed cerci (fig.
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  • The Sialidae or alder-flies (q.v.) differ from other Neuroptera in the jaws of the larva - which is aquatic, breathing by paired, jointed abdominal gills - resembling those of the imago, and being adapted for the mastication of solid food.
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  • The incisive foramina of the palate are moderate and distinct; the fibula does not articulate with the calcaneum; and the testes are abdominal, and descend periodically only into the inguinal canal.
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  • There may also be abdominal appendages - in the form of simple unjointed stylets (fig.
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  • This simple biramous form is shown in the swimming-feet of the Copepoda and Branchiura, the " cirri " of the Cirripedia, and the abdominal appendages of the Malacostraca (fig.
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  • In nearly all Malacostraca the last pair of abdominal appendages (uropods) differ from the others, and in the more primitive groups they form, with the telson, a lamellar " tail-fan " (fig.
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  • In most of the Decapoda the eggs are carried by the female, attached to the abdominal appendages (fig.
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  • Other features may include abdominal pain and a pulsatile mass.
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  • Severe allergies were inflicted on husky puppies and cats were killed in invasive abdominal experiments.
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  • Evaluation of plain abdominal radiographs in the diagnosis of abdominal pain.
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  • Annually in the United States, 9000 deaths occur as result of rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
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  • A needle is inserted through the mother 's abdominal wall into the amniotic sac holding the baby.
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  • One patient has been described who developed abdominal striae after using wet wraps (Devillers et al., 2002).
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  • Examination: Neck examination including thyroid; abdominal examination; rectal examination (OSCE).
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  • Abdominal ultrasonography showed swollen lymph nodes around the abdominal aorta.
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  • Subcutaneous fat: the major fat depots are immediately beneath the skin, and packed around the viscera in the abdominal cavity.
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  • Common symptoms include: nausea vomiting abdominal cramps diarrhea Sometimes, you might also develop a fever.
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  • Plain abdominal x-rays are useful to detect gaseous distention of the dysfunctional organs.
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  • You may feel lower abdominal pain as you begin ovulating.
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  • These symptoms may signal an abdominal obstruction or internal injury.
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  • Regardless, FIP is often a suspect when one cat within a cattery experiences extreme abdominal swelling and a lack of appetite.
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  • Only one form of FIP causes abdominal swelling.
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  • If you want to minimize your belly, choose a dress with rushing in the abdominal region or a dress with an empire waist.
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  • If a person has taken too much of the drug they may have symptoms including nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
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  • Spinals provide quick and strong anesthesia and allow for major abdominal surgery with almost no pain.
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  • HSP is an acute but self-limited illness characterized by a low-grade fever (around 100.4°F[38°C]), purpura, joint pains (usually in the ankles and knees), abdominal pain, bleeding in the digestive tract, and inflammation of the kidneys.
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  • The doctor will also ask whether the child is experiencing fever, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, or pains in the muscles and joints.
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  • Symptoms of toxic shock include abdominal pain, confusion, dizziness, and widespread red skin rash.
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  • Usually, some of the limb muscles are paralyzed; the abdominal muscles or muscles of the back may be paralyzed, affecting posture.
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  • Initial symptoms include severe abdominal pain, vomiting that can lead to dehydration, and unexplained fever.
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  • Children suffering from sickle anemia have episodes during which they suddenly become unwell or complain of severe abdominal or chest pain, headache, stiffness of the neck or drowsiness.
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  • There is usually a history of amenorrhea in female patients, and sometimes of abdominal pain, constipation, or lack of energy.
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  • In addition, children with herpangina may vomit, have abdominal pain, and generally feel very ill.
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  • Because of this, it is advisable to see a doctor if a sore throat lasts more than a few days or is accompanied by fever, nausea, or abdominal pain.
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  • Diaphragm-The thin layer of muscle that separates the chest cavity containing the lungs and heart from the abdominal cavity containing the intestines and digestive organs.
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  • Wilms' tumor makes up about 6 percent of all childhood cancers and ranks as the second most frequent cancerous abdominal tumor in children.
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  • Some patients with Wilms' tumor experience abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, or blood in the urine.
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  • Children with Wilms' tumor generally first present to physicians with a swollen abdomen or with an obvious abdominal mass.
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  • The physician may also find that the child has fever, bloody urine, or abdominal pain.
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  • Stage I involves favorable Wilms' tumor cells and is usually treated successfully with combination chemotherapy involving dactinomycin and vincristine and without abdominal radiation therapy.
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  • These patients usually receive abdominal radiation therapy and lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
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  • All of these patients receive abdominal radiation therapy and lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
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  • The symptoms include both physical symptoms, such as breast tenderness, back pain, abdominal cramps, headache, and changes in appetite, and psychological symptoms of anxiety, depression, and unrest.
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  • The physical symptoms include: bloating, headaches, food cravings, abdominal cramps, headaches, tension, and breast tenderness.
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  • Meconium ileus causes abdominal swelling and vomiting and often requires surgery immediately after birth.
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  • Other abdominal symptoms are caused by the inability of the pancreas to supply digestive enzymes to the intestine.
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  • Bacterial action on this rich food source can cause gas and abdominal swelling.
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  • Complications of liver enlargement may include internal hemorrhaging, accumulation of abdominal fluid (ascites), spleen enlargement, and liver failure.
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  • Nutrients can be introduced directly into the stomach through a tube inserted either through the nose (a nasogastric tube) or through the abdominal wall (a gastrostomy tube).
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  • Sigalet. "Acute Abdominal Pain in Children."
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  • Various x-ray studies are of value and may be performed, particularly if organisms are identified that may indicate involvement of abdominal organs.
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  • Symptoms appear about one to two days after infection and include fever (in 50% of patients), nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps and pain.
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  • Gastroenteritis-Inflammation of the stomach and intestines that usually causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and cramps.
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  • A serosa is a serous (fluid-producing) membrane that can be found inside the abdominal cavity (peritoneum), around the lungs (pleura), around the heart (pericardium), and inside the joints (synovium).
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  • Abdominal pain: Nearly all people with FMF experience abdominal pain at one point or another, and for most it is the most common complaint.
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  • It can mimic appendicitis, and many people with undiagnosed FMF have had appendectomies or exploratory surgery of the abdomen only to have the fever and abdominal pain return.
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  • Several infections can result in symptoms similar to FMF (Mallaret meningitis, for instance), and many people with FMF undergo exploratory abdominal surgery and ineffective treatments before they are finally diagnosed.
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  • Compliance with taking colchicine every day may be hampered by its side effects, which include diarrhea, nausea, abdominal bloating, and gas.
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  • The child may have internal injuries especially if he or she is experiencing any shortness of breath, chest pain, or abdominal pain.
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  • Children with GERD who are preschool age and older often have gas and abdominal pain above the navel.
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  • The result may be a narrowing (stenosis) or blockage of blood vessels, interrupting the essential flow of blood and oxygen to the heart, brain, abdominal organs, and peripheral circulation to the arms and legs.
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  • Symptoms of DKA include abdominal pain, excessive thirst, nausea and vomiting, rapid breathing, extreme lethargy, and drowsiness.
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  • Symptoms of ketoacidosis include excessive thirst and urination, abdominal pain, vomiting, rapid breathing, extreme tiredness, and drowsiness.
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  • Fear, frustration, or even excitement can lead to abdominal discomfort and colic.
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  • Moreover, in spite of apparent abdominal pain, colicky infants eat well and gain weight normally.
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  • Symptoms related to any diarrheal illness are often those associated with any injury to the gastrointestinal tract, such as fever, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
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  • Parents should also call the doctor if a child is vomiting so often that he or she cannot keep fluids down, has a high fever, complains of severe abdominal pain, or shows no improvement in symptoms after 24 hours.
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  • The theory behind the Heimlich maneuver is that by compressing the abdomen below the level of the diaphragm with quick abdominal thrusts, an "artificial cough" is created.
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  • After the abdominal thrusts, the rescuer repeats the process of lifting the chin, moving the tongue, feeling for and possibly removing the foreign material.
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  • If the airway is not clear, the rescuer repeats the abdominal thrusts as often as necessary.
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  • Instead of using abdominal thrusts, chest thrusts are used.
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  • The abdominal area is then scrubbed and painted with betadine or another antiseptic solution.
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  • With the classical incision, there is more bleeding and a greater risk of abdominal infection.
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  • The abdominal area may be closed with suture or surgical staple.
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  • As the woman heals, she may gradually increase appropriate exercises to regain abdominal tone.
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  • Within six hours of ingestion, iron toxicity can result in vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, seizures, and possibly coma.
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  • Chest and abdominal CAT scans are used to determine whether Ewing's sarcoma has spread to the lungs, liver, or lymph nodes.
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  • Strength training can also be performed without equipment; exercises without equipment include pushups, abdominal crunches, and squats.
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  • Attacks occur after puberty and commonly feature severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and constipation.
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  • In the absence of a family history of porphyria, non-specific symptoms, such as abdominal pain and vomiting, may be attributed to other disorders.
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  • Within a short time, however, some victims begin to experience severe muscle cramps and rigidity of the abdominal muscles.
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  • The danger signs, which usually begin ten minutes after an individual is stung (though possibly not for several hours) include nausea, faintness, chest pain, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and difficulty swallowing or breathing.
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  • Alternative treatments for diarrhea are intended to relieve the discomfort of abdominal cramping.
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  • For some procedures an epidural anesthetic that numbs the abdominal region may be used instead of general anesthesia.
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  • Incisions are made through the mother's abdominal wall.
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  • The uterus is repositioned in the mother's body cavity and her abdominal wall is closed.
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  • A balloon placed in the fetus's trachea prevents lung fluid from escaping through the mouth, enabling the lungs to expand, grow, and push the abdominal organs out of the chest and back into the abdomen.
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  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is treated by passing a needle, guided by ultrasound, through the mother's abdominal wall, into the uterus and the fetal heart.
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  • Following detailed ultrasound, a thin fetoscope is inserted through the mother's abdominal and uterine walls and into the amniotic cavity of the recipient twin to examine the surface placental vessels.
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  • Under ultrasound guidance a needle is inserted either through the mother's vagina or abdominal wall and a sample of the chorionic membrane.
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  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)-A condition in which the fetal diaphragm (the muscle dividing the chest and abdominal cavity) does not close completely.
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  • The abdominal incision become red, warm, tender to the touch, or is draining fluid.
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  • Persistent back pain, cramping, abdominal tightening, or pelvic pressure occurs.
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  • Abdominal x-rays will be performed and will typically show what is called the characteristic "double bubble," a combination of air bubbles in the stomach and a dilated duodenum.
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  • Dialysis fluid is injected into the peritoneal cavity and wastes are filtered through the peritoneum, the thin membrane that surrounds the abdominal organs.
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  • A child who is experiencing abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting should not use a laxative.
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  • When present, the symptoms are non-specific and usually include fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes).
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  • Checking the mother's weight and abdominal measurements can help diagnose cases in which there are no other risk factors present.
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  • Ultrasound is used to evaluate the growth of the baby and the ratio of the head circumference (HC) to the abdominal circumference (AC) is a good predictor of asymmetric IUGR.
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  • Abdominal wall defects are birth (congenital) defects that allow the stomach or intestines to protrude.
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  • The stomach and intestines begin development outside the baby's abdomen and only later does the abdominal wall enclose them.
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  • Occasionally, either the umbilical opening is too large or it develops improperly, allowing the bowels or stomach to remain outside or squeeze through the abdominal wall.
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  • Gastroschisis occurs when the abdominal wall does not close completely and the stomach and the small and large intestines appear outside the infant's body.
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  • In omphalocele, some of the internal organs protrude through the abdominal muscles in the area around the umbilical cord.
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  • Omphalocele may be minor, involving only a small portion of the intestines, or it may be severe with most of the abdominal organs, such as the intestines, liver, and spleen, outside the body.
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  • Abdominal wall defects, specifically gastroschisis and omphalocele, are rare and occur in only once in every 5000 births.
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  • As of 2004, the causes of abdominal wall defects remained unknown.
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  • It is always necessary in children with abdominal wall defects to look for other birth defects, because multiple anomalies are more likely to occur in these children.
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  • Abdominal wall defects are effectively treated with surgical repair.
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  • However, if the defect is large, it may be difficult to fit all the organs into the small abdominal cavity.
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  • Most children with abdominal wall defects require immediate and intensive medical care.
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  • Children with abdominal wall defects may need additional services, especially those with omphalocele and associated chromosomal abnormalities and birth defects.
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  • Umbilical-Refers to the opening in the abdominal wall where the blood vessels from the placenta enter.
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  • Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy is administered into the abdominal cavity through a catheter or port.
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  • Abdominal CT scans usually require that the child drink a solution that contains a dye, called oral contrast, that shows up on the CT images to help better define internal organs.
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  • Abdominal CT examinations usually require fasting for at least 12 hours before the scan.
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  • Crying may also indicate pain or illness, such as from abdominal cramps or an earache.
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  • The most common side effects are mild diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach or abdominal cramps.
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  • Abdominal pain and vomiting are the most frequent symptoms and a common cause of admission to emergency rooms.
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  • Hernias are weaknesses in the abdominal wall that can trap a portion of intestine (incarceration) and cut off the passage of food and waste through the digestive tract.
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  • In most cases, the incarcerated hernias are corrected manually rather than surgically by pushing the incarcerated bowel back up into the abdominal cavity.
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  • In adults, adhesions are most often caused by repeat surgery; children who have a history of abdominal surgery can also develop adhesions that can obstruct the intestines.
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  • The causes of small bowel obstruction in children are most often volvulus, intussusception, adhesions, or abdominal hernia, a weakness in the abdominal wall that traps a portion of intestine.
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  • One of the earliest signs of mechanical intestinal obstruction is abdominal pain or cramps that come and go in waves.
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  • Medical attention is needed early in intestinal obstruction and should be sought as soon as symptoms suggest abdominal distress.
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  • Symptoms may begin with abdominal pain or cramping that may cause a toddler or older child to double over in pain.
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  • Abdominal ultrasound is able to effectively visualize and diagnose most obstructions.
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  • It may not possible to determine if an obstruction is simple or strangulated on scanning, and this will only be determined by performing abdominal surgery.
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  • Parents should be aware of the child's bowel habits and report constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting to the pediatrician when it occurs.
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  • The major symptoms of shigellosis are diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, and severe fluid loss (dehydration).
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  • The most serious form of the disease is called dysentery, which is characterized by severe watery (and often blood- and mucus-streaked) diarrhea, abdominal cramping, rectal pain, and fever.
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  • Clues to this diagnosis include sudden decrease in diarrhea, swelling of the abdomen, and worsening abdominal pain.
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  • Unusual abdominal pain and/or cramping may indicate the onset of premature labor.
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  • Some chickenpox sufferers also have headaches, abdominal pain, or a fever.
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  • These infants require frequent evaluations by the physician, who may order multiple abdominal x rays and blood tests in order to monitor their condition during the illness.
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  • Complaints of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, and headache occur when it is time to go to school and resolve quickly once the child is allowed to remain home.
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  • An umbilical hernia occurs when a portion of the bowel protrudes through a small defect in the abdominal wall muscle near where the umbilical cord attaches to the baby's abdomen.
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  • More serious defects involving herniation of abdominal contents outside the infant's body are omphalocele and gastroschisis.
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  • Omphalocele and gastroschisis are considered abdominal wall defects and are not called hernias.
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  • This occurs inside the body when the diaphragm, the large muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the chest cavity, fails to develop fully.
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  • During fetal development the presence of abdominal organs in the fetal chest cavity prevents the lungs from growing normally.
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  • Umbilical hernia is caused by a small defect in the muscles of the abdominal wall.
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  • If a small child, especially an infant, has a bulge in the abdominal or groin area, the child's pediatrician should be consulted.
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  • In diaphragmatic hernia repair surgery, the herniated abdominal organs are forced back into their proper position within the abdomen.
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  • This allows the doctor to examine abdominal and pelvic organs.
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  • Strangulated hernia-A hernia that is so tightly incarcerated outside the abdominal wall that the intestine is blocked and the blood supply to that part of the intestine is cut off.
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  • Symptoms include a purple spotted skin rash, abdominal pain, gastrointestinal upsets, and joint inflammation, swelling, and pain.
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  • Most children with AP experience severe abdominal pain, vomiting (possibly with blood), and bloody stools.
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  • Abdominal pain occurs in almost all children with AP, along with blood in the stools.
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  • Symptoms of food poisoning are usually gastrointestinal, such as nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and/or diarrhea.
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  • These toxins (except those from C. botulinum) cause inflammation of the stomach lining and the small and/or large intestines, resulting in abdominal muscle cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever.
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  • Symptoms of food poisoning, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and fever, begin eight to 72 hours after eating food contaminated with salmonella.
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  • Acute symptoms of vomiting and severe abdominal cramps without fever usually last three to six hours and rarely more than 24 hours.
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  • Those affected have severe abdominal cramps and watery diarrhea that usually becomes bloody within 24 hours, a condition that can last from one to eight days.
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  • Symptoms will typically include fever, abdominal pain, nausea, headache, muscle pain, and diarrhea.
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  • In addition to the familiar watery diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps, the individual may also have chills, fever, and neurological symptoms.
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  • Any unexplained abdominal pain accompanied by persistent vomiting or diarrhea, whether or not a food source is suspected, should be reported to the doctor.
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  • In very serious cases of food poisoning, medications may be given to stop abdominal cramping and vomiting.
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  • Young children may complain of abdominal pain.
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  • Constipation due to poor abdominal muscle tone is often a life-long problem for babies and children with Edwards' syndrome, resulting in fretfulness, discomfort, and feeding problems.
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  • Therefore, it is recommended that older infants and children with Edwards' syndrome have a routine ultrasound of the abdominal cavity.
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  • In small children, the doctor checks for fever, abdominal masses, and a swollen bladder.
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  • The most common minor side effects are nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping or bloating, breast pain, tenderness or swelling, swollen ankles or feet, tiredness, and acne.
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  • Symptoms include severe abdominal pain, high fever, and vaginal discharge.
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  • Handling the bowel during abdominal surgery can also cause peristalsis to stop, so people who have had abdominal surgery are more likely to experience ileus.
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  • A healthcare professional should be contacted if a child experiences persistent abdominal distention, is unable to have normal bowel movements, or exhibits other symptoms of ileus.
    0
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  • Persistent abdominal pain and chronic or prolonged constipation are also reasons to call the doctor.
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  • Following abdominal surgery, uncomplicated cases of ileus can be managed by minimizing the amount of food the patient consumes, ensuring adequate fluid intake, and correcting any electrolyte disturbances such as low potassium.
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  • When ileus results from abdominal surgery, the condition is usually temporary and lasts approximately 24-72 hours.
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  • Peritoneum-The transparent membrane lining the abdominal and pelvic cavities (parietal peritoneum) and the membrane forming the outer layer of the stomach and interstines (visceral peritoneum).
    0
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  • If present, symptoms are non-specific and usually include fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes).
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  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal condition characterized by abdominal pain and cramps; changes in bowel movements (diarrhea, constipation, or both); gassiness; bloating; nausea; and other symptoms.
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  • Eight percent of all the students in the study had seen a physician for abdominal pain in the previous year.
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  • Continuous or recurrent abdominal discomfort or pain for at least three months that is: a) Relieved with defecation and/or b) Associated with a change in frequency and/or c) Associated with a change in appearance of stool.
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  • Hyams, J.S., et al. "Abdominal Pain and Irritable Syndrome in Adolescents: A Community-Based Study."
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  • Jarrett, Monica, et al. "Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Children: Forerunner to Adult Irritable Bowel Syndrome."
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  • Viral and bacterial gastroenteritis are intestinal infections associated with symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, and vomiting.
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  • Gastroenteritis symptoms include nausea and vomiting, watery diarrhea, and abdominal pain and cramps.
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  • The syndrome is sometimes called abdominal migraine because it may be caused by some of the same mechanisms in the central nervous system that cause migraine headaches.
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  • Cramping and abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting occur frequently.
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  • Children with EE have classic signs of gastroesophageal reflux (abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing, and vomiting) but fail to respond to antireflux medications.
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  • Protein-losing enteropathy may lead to abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body (edema), abdominal distension, and lack of red blood cells (anemia).
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  • Infants with eosinophilic gastroenteropathies usually have acute reactions after food intake (within minutes to in one to two hours) that generally include nausea, vomiting and severe abdominal pain, later followed by diarrhea.
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  • Exploratory abdominal surgery (laparotomy): In some cases, laparotomy may be indicated, especially in patients with Pattern III EG.
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  • Ascites-An abnormal accumulation of fluid within the abdominal cavity.
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  • Gastrostomy tube-A tube that is inserted through a small incision in the abdominal wall and that extends through the stomach wall into the stomach for the purpose of introducing parenteral feedings.
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  • "Chronic abdominal pain: inflammatory bowel disease and eosinophilic gastroenteropathy."
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  • Speech therapy and teaching abdominal breathing techniques have been quite successful in preventing VCD attacks.
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  • The pain associated with PMS is generally related to breast tenderness and abdominal bloating, rather than a lower abdominal cramping pain.
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  • Symptoms of an H type fistula include frequent pulmonary infections and bouts of abdominal bloating.
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  • Some children have such greatly increased abdominal pressure during coughing that hernias result.
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  • The infant' s abdomen may be swollen and firm (distended) because the abnormal trachea allows air to build up in the stomach, filling the abdominal space that holds the surrounding organs.
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  • Abdominal x rays may be taken as well to look for intestinal obstruction and abnormalities.
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  • An abdominal x ray may be needed to confirm the size and position of the impaction.
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  • The test involves taking a small sample of cells from the placenta with a needle through the abdominal wall or a small tube (catheter) through the cervix.
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  • In laparoscopic appendectomy, surgeons insert a small scope through tiny abdominal incisions to remove the appendix.
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  • A shunt is a tube connecting the ventricles of the brain to an alternative drainage site, usually the abdominal cavity.
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  • Red blood cells injected into the baby's abdominal cavity are absorbed into its bloodstream.
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  • As a mature physical characteristic, chest and abdominal hair is coarser, thicker, and more unruly than vellus or "peach fuzz" hair that is routinely associated with children or women.
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  • Removing chest and abdominal hair has become popular in the last 20 years among different groups of men, including those with excessive hair or who prefer a leaner, more streamlined appearance.
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  • Laser treatments are also popular to remove chest and abdominal hair permanently.
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  • If this happens, it is referred to as a cervical or abdominal pregnancy, depending upon where the egg becomes implanted.
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  • Other abdominal or pelvic surgeries or infections may also increase a woman's risk.
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  • They are often diagnosed when the woman begins to have abdominal or pelvic pain from the stretched fallopian tube.
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  • In some cases, a woman will have shoulder pain instead of abdominal pain; this is because pain can radiate along nerves that are not directly involved.
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  • The symptoms of a miscarriage might include spotting which can lead to heavy vaginal bleeding, cramps similar to those experienced during a menstrual period, and severe abdominal pain.
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  • Often, they start out as small amounts of bleeding, or vague abdominal pains that might then become more intense.
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  • If you notice any abdominal pain or cramping combined with spotting, you should contact your care provider immediately.
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  • If the ectopic pregnancy isn't caught early, the fetus will grow until the fallopian tube ruptures, resulting in bleeding and abdominal pain.
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  • Again, if you notice abdominal pain or cramping combined with spotting, you should contact your care provider immediately.
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  • Testing for pain or tenderness in the abdominal area is likely to be the first test he/she performs.
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  • The practice of Pilates during your pregnancy will also strengthen your abdominal, back, and pelvic muscles to assure that your pregnancy and labor are more comfortable.
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  • Castor oil is sometimes associated with self induction of labor, however, this technique has not been proven to be effective and has been shown to create intense abdominal discomfort.
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  • Abdominal bloating, low pelvic and back pain, and mood changes can all be symptoms that a period is imminent.
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  • It also has the benefits of decreasing menstrual blood loss and abdominal cramps.
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  • As with women who do not take birth control, the few days leading up to the period can be a significant time for headaches along with other premenstrual symptoms such as mood change, abdominal cramps, and bloating.
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  • Although an invasive one, the procedure is relatively straightforward and is performed with the aid of abdominal ultrasound technology to enable the physician to see the exact location of the needle as it passes through the abdomen.
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  • Some women experience abdominal cramping, like period pain, during the procedure, however this soon passes.
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  • Cesarean sections involve major abdominal surgery that requires additional time for healing.
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  • However, a discharge that is bloody may also indicate an imminent miscarriage, particularly if abdominal pain accompanies these symptoms.
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  • The ectopic pregnancy is possible because the medical team placed the placenta and embryo into the man's abdominal cavity.
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  • This is especially important if you experience fever, vomiting, or abdominal pain.
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  • If the woman has an STD or products of conception are retained, there could also be the risk of an infection that would cause fever, abdominal pain, and the possible formation of scar tissue.
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  • The signs are referred to as "PAINS," which stands for period, abdominal, infection, not feeling well, and strings.
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  • A miscarriage is generally preceded by some level of abdominal cramping or lower back pain and an increasing flow of blood.
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  • Abdominal pain can be caused by a miscarriage, but it can also be caused by any number of changes within the abdominal cavity.
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  • General shifting and changing points of pressure within the abdomen can cause abdominal pain; virtually every pregnant woman experiences abdominal cramping of some sort in early pregnancy and only rarely is it indicative of a miscarriage.
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  • If the errant uterine tissue travels to other parts of the body like the abdominal wall or the diaphragm, the woman may have pain in these areas associated with the menstrual cycle as well.
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  • Surgical Treatment - The physician can use laparoscopy or major abdominal surgery to enter the abdomen and remove the endometrial lesions.
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  • During the surgery, the doctors will cut through the abdominal wall usually in a small horizontal line near the pubic hairline so that it will be barely visible after it heals.
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  • Excess gas in the abdomen: Because your abdominal wall will be opened up during the surgery, you may experience air in the abdomen.
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  • These physical indicators may include mild abdominal cramps or a dull ache felt on one side of your abdomen.
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  • This incredible amount of expansion, over a relatively short period of time, can cause some abdominal pain; the amount and severity of the pain varies from one woman to another.
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  • Daniel Craig: The James Bond actor captivated in a small blue pair of swim trunks on the beach, which accented his washboard abdominal muscles, his thick legs, and general attractiveness.
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  • This cut out portion of the dress is usually large, geometric, and typically located along the sides of the abdominal region.
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  • If you're a huge fan of the cut out trend, but aren't daring enough to bare your back or abdominal area, you can limit your love of this style to the arm region.
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  • Abdominal Pain: Pain in the abdominal region can be a symptom, especially if it is unexplained otherwise, and it occurs frequently, especially after eating.
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  • The act of eating out seemed so simple once upon a time, despite the intense abdominal distress you suffered after a meal.
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  • Common signs include intermittent diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and bloating.
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  • Both celiac disease sufferers and IBS patients may experience diarrhea and abdominal pain from eating foods which contain gluten.
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