Abdomen sentence example

abdomen
  • The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva.
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  • From the right side of his abdomen, blood was welling out making a large stain on the grass.
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  • - We have al 17 ready seen that in numerous lower insects the abdomen 18 is formed from twelve divi 19 sions placed in linear fashion.
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  • In most respects, the shortened abdomen, for example, they are more specialized than the Thysanura, and most of the features in which they appear to be simple, such as the absence of a tracheal system and of compound eyes, can be explained as the result of degradation.
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  • He was taller than average, over six and a half feet, built like a rock with wide shoulders and tapered abdomen and hips beneath a jumpsuit similar to those worn by the prisoners.
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  • Verhoeff (1894-1896) - in a beetle's abdomen, but the tenth sternite is usually absent.
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  • Other Hydrophilidae carry their egg-cocoons about with them beneath the abdomen.
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  • A thorax also is sometimes to be distinguished from an abdomen.
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  • A true insect, or member of the class Hexapoda, may be known by the grouping of its body-segments in three distinct regions - a head, a thorax and an abdomen - each of which consists of a definite number of segments.
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  • Moreover, in this order the abdomen shows at first a division into only nine segments and a terminal mass, which last subsequently becomes divided into two.
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  • The pseudopods that exist on the abdomen of numerous caterpillars may possibly arise from the embryonic pseudopods, but this also is far from being established.
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  • The male, however, is a veritable pigmy beside the female, and during copulation presents the appearance of a parasite attached to her abdomen.
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  • Many of the Hydrophilidae construct, for the protection of their eggs, a cocoon formed of a silky material derived from glands opening at the tip of the abdomen.
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  • The same naturalist describes the association with Lasius of small mites (Antennophorus) which are carried about by the worker ants, one of which may have a mite beneath her mouth, and another on either side of her abdomen.
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  • In these forms the bundles of setae are either capilliform or uncinate, and the dorsal setae of the thorax are like the ventral setae of the abdomen.
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  • - Tube-dwelling with body divided into thorax and abdomen marked by the setae, which are reversed in position in the neuropodium and notopodium respectively in the two regions.
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  • Nephridia in two series; large, anterior nephridia followed by small, short tubes in abdomen.
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  • He finds that the endoderm arises may be readily distinguished, six of which subsequently enter into from an anterior and a posterior rudiment derived from the " endothe formation of the head, three going to the thorax and twelve to blast," that many of the cells of these rudiments wander into the the abdomen.
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  • In the embryos of many insects there are projections from the segments of the abdomen similar, to a considerable extent, to the rudimentary thoracic legs.
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  • The segments are numbered 1-21; 1-6 will form the head, 7-9 the thorax, 10-21 the abdomen.
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  • Symphyta: Abdomen not basally constricted.
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  • A pocrita : Abdomen markedly constricted at second segment.
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  • The specialization of form in the constricted abdomen and in the suctorial " tongue " that characterizes the higher families of the order is correlated with the habit of careful egg-laying and provision of food for the young.
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  • Using ultrasound to guide the way, a needle is inserted through the mother's abdomen into the developing placenta.
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  • The nurses held the torches over the patient's abdomen in shifts to prevent their arms becoming stiff.
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  • A machine warms the fluid and delivers it to your child's abdomen through the tube.
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  • Breeding is usually in the autumn; the eggs become attached to the underside of the female's abdomen.
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  • Perhaps the most shocking sight is a prosthetic woman's abdomen, cut open in a cesarean section.
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  • Abdomen: distended, rigid upper abdomen: distended, rigid upper abdomen, with absent bowel sounds.
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  • Females have a yellow abdomen with two prominent longitudinal black bands on the upper surface.
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  • On opening the abdomen a small initial peritoneal incision is made.
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  • Reverse Abdominal Nose Panting expands the abdomen on the puff out.
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  • This is indicated by the way the swollen abdomen tapers down to a distinct point.
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  • Look out for their black and white striped abdomen and orange patches on the wing.
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  • Pregnant sows exhibit a grossly enlarged abdomen during the later stages of pregnancy.
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  • Feel a warmth in your upper abdomen; breathe; focus.
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  • Therefore the ideal fetal microphone does not load the maternal abdomen.
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  • Eight of 11 children presented with an acute abdomen.
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  • A CT scan of the abdomen showed both adrenals were enlarged and contained specks of calcium (3C, arrows ).
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  • The abdomen is composed of varying numbers of segments; it bears no legs but may possess appendages, e.g. claspers used in mating.
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  • Respiration is effected by means of external gills placed along both sides of the dorsum of the abdomen and hinder segments of the thorax.
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  • There is a sensation of burning, tingling and numbness in the mouth, and of burning in the abdomen.
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  • Intermediate somites forming a mesosoma occur, but tend to fuse superficially with the metasomatic carapace or to become co-ordinated with the somites of the metasoma, whether fused or distinct to form one region, the opisthosoma (abdomen of authors).
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  • (Original.) soma agrees in form and number of somites with the abdomen of a Hexapod, and the tracheal stigmata present certain agreements in the two cases.
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  • For the diseases of the stomach in general see Digestive Organs; and for special forms Gastritis, Gastric Ulcer, Dyspepsia, &C.; also Abdomen (Abdominal Surgery).
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  • The patient then rapidly loses flesh and strength, and a hard lump may be felt in the upper part of the abdomen.
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  • But in many cases the patient prefers that the abdomen should be opened for exploration for a possible operation than that he should hopelessly give himself over to the disease.
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  • When the growth is at the cardiac end of the stomach, blocking the gullet and causing slow starvation, the abdomen may advisedly be opened, and, the stomach having been fixed to the surface-wound, a permanent opening may be arranged for the introduction of an adequate amount of food.
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  • From 1816 he published various papers in the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, which formed the basis of his Pathological and Practical Researches on Diseases of the Brain and Spinal Cord, and of his Researches on the Diseases of the Intestinal Canal, Liver and other Viscera of the Abdomen, both published in 1828.
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  • The first recognition of a disease may be at a necropsy, but then usually by irresponsible pathologists; it is another matter when the physician himself comes under rebuke for failing to seize a way to cure, while the chance remained to him, by section of the abdomen during life.
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  • The abdomen is still "full of surprises"; and he who has most experience of this deceptive region will have least confidence in expressing positive opinions in particular cases of disease without operative investigation.
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  • Thus the defects, whether of this secretion or of that, and again of motor activity, the state of the valvular junctions, the volume of the cavities, and their position in the abdomen, may be ascertained, and dealt with as far as may be; so that, although the fluctuations of chemical digestion are still very obscure, the application of remedies after a mere traditional routine is no longer excusable.
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  • Thus, by the avoidance both of toxaemia and of shock, peritonitis and other dangers of the abdomen, such as strangulations or intussusceptions of the bowels, formerly desperate, can in many cases be dealt with safely and effectively.
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  • In a number of cases there are colicky pains in the abdomen, with diarrhoea or constipation and more or less anaemia, while the Dibothriocephalus latus is capable of producing a profound and severe anaemia closely resembling pernicious anaemia.
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  • Apart from these characteristics, the most distinctive feature of earwigs is the presence at the end of the abdomen of a pair of pincers which are in reality modified appendages, known as cercopods, and represent the similar limbs of Japyx and the caudal feelers of Campodea and some other insects.
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  • (2) The presence of variously formed scales on the body and its appendages: the head is clothed with scales, the thorax with hairs or scales, and the abdomen with either hairs or scales, or both; the legs and veins of the wings are always covered with scales, and the palpi are often (as in some Anophelinae) conspicuously scaly.
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  • The eggs, which are 16 in number, are deposited in a leathery capsule fixed by a gum-like substance to the abdomen of the female, and thus carried about till the young are ready to escape, when the capsule becomes softened by the emission of a fluid substance.
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  • The coloration of tsetse-flies is sombre and inconspicuous; the brownish or greyish-brown thorax usually exhibits darker longitudinal markings, and when the insect is at rest the abdomen or hinder half of the body is entirely concealed by the brownish wings.
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  • In some species the abdomen is of a paler colour and marked with sharply defined, dark brown bands, which are interrupted on the middle line.
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  • The tip of the proboscis is armed with a complicated series of chitinous teeth and rasps, by means of which the fly is enabled to pierce the skin of its victim; as usual in Diptera the organ is closed on the upper side by the labrum, or upper lip, and contains the hypopharynx or common outlet of the paired salivary glands, which are situated in the abdomen.
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  • The blood-sucking habit is common to both sexes, and the abdomen, being capable of great expansion, is adapted for the periodical ingestion of an abundant food-supply.
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  • The act of feeding, in which the proboscis is buried in the skin of the victim nearly up to the bulb, is remarkably quick, and in thirty seconds or less the abdomen of the fly, previously flat, becomes swollen out with blood like a berry.
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  • With very few exceptions, the integuments form imbricate scalelike folds arranged with the greatest regularity; they are small and pluriserial on the upper parts of the body and tail, large and uniserial on the abdomen, and generally biserial on the lower side of the tail.
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  • Opening their jaws to their fullest extent, they seize the animal generally by the head, and pushing alternately the right and left sides of the jaws forward, they press the body through their elastic gullet into the stomach, its outlines being visible for some time through the distended walls of the abdomen.
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  • In the latter case the larva crawls about the bottom of the water or up the stems of plants, with its thickly-chitinized head and legs protruding from the larger orifice, while it maintains a secure hold of the silk lining of the tube by means of a pair of strong hooks at the posterior end of its soft defenceless abdomen.
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  • The constriction of this segment and its very perfect articulation with the propodeum give great mobility to the abdomen, so that the ovipositor or sting can be used with the greatest possible accuracy and effect.
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  • But the most natural division is obtained by the separation of the saw-flies as a primitive sub-order, characterized by the imperfect union of the first abdominal segment with the thorax, and by the broad base of the abdomen, so that there is no median constriction or " waist," and by the presence of thoracic legs - usually also of abdominal pro-legs - in the larva.
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  • This sub-order, characterized by the " sessile," broad-based abdomen, whose fist segment is imperfectly united with the thorax, and by the usually caterpillar-like larvae with legs, includes the various groups of saw-flies.
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  • In this division the ovipositor issues from the ventral surface of the abdomen; the pronotum reaches back to the tegulae;.
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  • The four succeeding sections, in which the ovipositor is modified into a sting (always exserted from the tip of the abdomen) and the trochanters are with few exceptions simple, form the Aculeata of Linnaeus.
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  • This section includes a number of families characterized by the backward extension of the prothorax to the tegulae and distinguished from the ants by the absence of " nodes " at the base of the abdomen.
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  • In the adult there is a pair of such glands opening ventrally on the hindmost thoracic segment, or at the base of the abdomen; but in the young insect the glands are situated dorsally and open to the exterior on a variable number of the abdominal terga.
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  • The Pentatomidae (shield bugs), some of which are metallic or otherwise brightly coloured, are easily recognized by the great development of the scutellum, which reaches at least half-way back towards the tip of the abdomen, and in some genera covers the whole of the hind body, and also the wings when these are closed.
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  • - A reef-haunting hemipteron (Hermatobates haddonii) with excessively reduced abdomen.
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  • About twenty-seven species are now known, all characterized by length not excee 4 ding 06 of an inch, flat wings, three articulations in the antennae, one or two articulations in the tarses, with digitules, but without cornicles on the abdomen.
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  • No distinction between head, thorax and abdomen can be observed.
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  • The insect is fixed by this rostrum, which is inserted into the root of the vine for the purpose of sucking the sap. The abdomen consists of seven segments, and these as well as the anterior segments bear four rows of small tubercles on their dorsal surface.
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  • The insect is fixed by its proboscis, but moves its abdomen about and lays thirty to forty yellow eggs in small clusters.
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  • The anterior pair reach far beyond the end of the abdomen; the posterior are narrower and not so long.
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  • These last characteristics also separate them essentially from the Pycnogonida, some members of which resemble them to a certain extent in having only four pairs of limbs, no gnathites, no respiratory organs, a ganglionated ventral nervous system, and the abdomen reduced to a mere rudiment projecting between the last pair of legs.
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  • The shrimps and their allies are distinguished from the larger Macrura, such as the lobsters and crayfishes, by greater development of the paddle-like limbs of the abdomen or tail, which are used in swimming.
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  • They are small insects, having straight antennae, and a compressed, usually very short abdomen with the second or second and third segments greatly developed, and the rest imbricated, and concealing the partially coiled ovipositor.
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  • The " abdomen," behind the limbs, is usually very short, occasionally very long.
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  • In appearance an ordinary Copepod is divided into foreand hind-body, of its eleven segments the composite first being the head, the next five constituting the thorax, and the last five the abdomen.
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  • In the former case the hind-body, consisting only of the abdomen, forms a pleon or tail-part devoid of feet, and the species so constructed are Gymnoplea, those of the naked or footless pleon.
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  • It may be objected that hereby the term pleon is used in two different senses, first applying to the abdomen alone and then to the abdomen plus the last thoracic segment.
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  • Even this verbal flaw would be obviated if Giesbrecht could prove his tentative hypothesis, that the Gymnoplea may have lost a pre-genital segment of the abdomen, and the Podoplea may have lost the last segment of the thorax.
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  • Pleurodont lizards with well-developed limbs; without temporal bony arches; postthoracic ribs united across the abdomen.
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  • At first the liver is embedded in the septum transversum, but later the diaphragm and it are constricted off one from the other, and soon the liver becomes very large and fills the greater part of the abdomen.
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  • - EXpOSed as it is in the upper part of the abdomen, and being somewhat friable, the human liver is often torn or ruptured by blows or kicks, and, the large blood-vessels being thus laid open, fatal haemorrhage 2.
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  • It is inadvisable to explore for a suspected abscess with a hollow needle without first opening the abdomen, as septic fluid might thus be enabled to leak out, and infect the general peritoneal cavity.
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  • If, on opening the abdomen to find out what serious effects some severe injury has caused, the gall-bladder be found torn, the rent may be sewn up, or, if thought better, the gall-bladder may be removed.
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  • If the abscess is allowed to take its course, adhesions may form around it and it may burst into the intestine or on to the surface of the abdomen, a biliary fistula remaining.
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  • The individual is doubled up with acute pains which, starting from the hepatic region, spread through the abdomen and radiate to the right shoulder blade.
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  • They resemble the May-flies in their " hemimetabolous " lifehistory; the young insects are markedly unlike their parents, inhabiting fresh water and breathing dissolved air, either through tracheal gills at the tip of the abdomen, or by a branching system of air-tubes on the walls of the rectum into which water is periodically admitted.
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  • The special gland of the musk-deer, which has made the animal so well known, and has proved the cause of unremitting persecution to its possessor, is found in the male only, and is a sac about the size of a small orange, situated beneath the skin of the abdomen, the orifice being immediately in front of the preputial aperture.
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  • The testes in the pairing-season form projections in the groins, but (except in the Duplicidentata) do not completely leave the cavity of the abdomen.
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  • In medicine, nitric acid is used externally in a pure state as a caustic to destroy chancres, warts and phagadenic ulcers; and diluted preparations are employed in the treatment of dyspepsia, &c. Poisoning by strong nitric acid produces a widespread gastroenteritis, burning pain in the oesophagus and abdomen and bloody diarrhoea.
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  • The insects comprised in it are distinguished from the earwigs by their elongate, rather narrow forewings, which usually cover, or nearly cover, the abdomen when at rest, and which are firmer in texture than the hindwings.
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  • The head is large, the neck slender, the antennae short and the legs longish, and the appearance of the long stalk-like waist of the ant is produced by a patch of whitish hair on each side of the forepart of the abdomen which has the effect of cutting away the parts of the segments so covered, leaving a narrow dark-coloured median area to represent the waist.
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  • This shield if shaped in such a manner as to resemble closely the body of an ant, the median portion of the shield being deeply constricted in imitation of the waist and the terminal portion sub-globular like the abdomen of the ant.
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  • The legs and lower part of the body are dark coloured, but the dorsal surface of the thorax and abdomen is coloured green and is raised so as to form a crest with jagged edges exactly reproducing the irregular margin of a fragment of leaf cut out by the mandibles of the ant.
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  • In the Hemipterous group of the Rhynchota ant-mimicry is illustrated by the larva of a British species of Reduviidae (Nabis lativentris) in which the forepart of the abdomen is furnished on each side with a patch of white hairs leaving a central narrow dark portion in imitation of the waist of the ant; and also by an East African species (Myrmoplasta mira) which in its general form exhibits a close resemblance to an ant (Polyrrhacis gagates) which occurs in the same neighbourhood.
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  • Many of the Syrphidae are banded black and yellow and present a general resemblance to wasps, especially when they alight, the resemblance being enhanced by a twitching action of the abdomen imitating the similar action so familiar in species of stinging hymenoptera.
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  • The early larval stage of the " Lobster Moth " (Stauropus fagi), for example, presents a general resemblance, due to a combination of shape, colour, attitude and movements, to black ants, the swollen head and the caudal disk with its two tentacles representing respectively the abdomen and antenna-bearing head of the model.
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  • Itura, for example, belonging to the former, has protrusible scent-emitting processes at the end of the abdomen; and Thyridia has scent-producing tufts of hair on the edge of the posterior-wing.
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  • All insects have the same regional division of the body into head, thorax and abdomen, the same number of legs, a pair of antennae and a segmented abdomen.
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  • Spiders on the contrary have no antennae, no separate head," an unsegmented abdomen and an additional pair of legs.
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  • Narrowing of the posterior portions of the spider's cephalothorax and sometimes of the anterior end of the abdomen reproduces the slender waist of the ant, and frequently transverse bands of hairs represent the segmentation of this region in the insect.
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  • Abdomen Wrist come to be furnished more and more with fibres that are fully myelinate.
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  • The hinder part of the body is much contracted, and the femur long and vertically placed, so that the knee-joint is lower in position, and the thigh altogether more detached from the abdomen than in most mammals.
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  • - Abdomen of female Gordius is turning and laying eggs.
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  • A, Abdomen of queen, under side (magnified eight times).
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  • One of the two bullets fired penetrated the abdomen.
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  • Petechiae occur over buboes or on the abdomen, but they are not very common, except in fatal cases, when they appear shortly before death.
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  • The insect is from half-an-inch to an inch in length, and from one to two lines broad, the female being broader in the abdomen and altogether larger than the male.
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  • The abdomen or pleon carries the remaining six pairs, of which from three to five are called pleopods and the remainder uropods.
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  • That pagurids must have the usually soft pleon or abdomen protected by the shell of a mollusc is now known to be subject to a multitude of exceptions.
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  • The last-named species has a straight symmetrical abdomen, with the penultimate segment expanded and strongly calcified to form a back-door to the very unconventional habitation.
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  • The second maxillipeds are developed into powerful prehensile organs, and the branchiae, instead of being connected with the appendages of head and trunk, are developed on the pleopods, appendages of the abdomen.
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  • The Sminthuridae are further characterized by the globular abdomen, which shows but little external trace of segmentation, and by the well-developed spring.
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  • With the exception of the abdomen and the inside of the thighs, the whole of the surface is covered with stripes, the legs having narrow transverse bars reaching quite to the hoofs, and the base of the tail being also barred.
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  • A, Group of Peltogaster socialis on the abdomen of a small hermitcrab; in one of them the fasciculately ramified roots, r, in the liver of the crab are shown (Fritz Muller).
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  • The body proper is usually divisible into two regions to which the names thorax and abdomen are applied.
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  • In the various groups of the Entomostraca, on the other hand, the terms thorax and abdomen, though conveniently employed for purposes of systematic description, do not imply any homology with the regions so named in the Malacostraca.
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  • - Side view of Crab, the abdomen extended and carrying a mass of eggs beneath it; e, eggs.
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  • The latter division, characterized by the possession of 19 somites and pairs of appendages (apart from the eyes), by the division of the appendages into two tagmata corresponding to cephalothorax and abdomen, and by the constancy in position of the generative apertures, differing in the two sexes, is unquestionably a natural group. The Entomostraca, however, are certainly a heterogeneous assemblage, defined only by negative characters, and the name is retained only for the sake of convenience, just as it is often useful to speak of a still more heterogeneous and unnatural assemblage of animals as Invertebrata.
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  • The eggs after being laid are carried about by the mother, adhering in a glutinous mass to the underside of the abdomen.
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  • They may have been swallowed several hours before symptoms of acute poisoning show themselves, with nausea and vomiting, and a burning in the oesophagus, stomach and abdomen.
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  • The somites of the abdomen all may carry rudimentary appendages in the embryo, and some of the hinder somites may retain their appendages in a modified form in adult life.
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  • Clinically, dysentery manifests itself with varying degrees of intensity, and it is often impossible without microscopical examination to determine between the amoebic and bacillary forms. In well-marked cases the following are the chief symptoms. The attack is commonly preceded by certain premonitory indications in the form of general illness, loss of appetite, and some amount of diarrhoea, which gradually increases in severity, and is accompanied with griping pains in the abdomen (tormina).
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  • It lies with its base near the lower part of the abdomen, and its apex directed towards the thorax.
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  • Hansen (Die Cirripedien der Plankton-Expedition, 1899) states that Cryptophialus minutus, for which the order Abdominalia was founded, has, like Alcippe and other Genuina, its cirrhi on the thorax, not, as Darwin wrongly supposed, on the abdomen.
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  • Talon's strikes had torn Jonny's chest and abdomen open.
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  • She marveled at his muscular body and the perfectly sculptured chest, shoulders, ridged abdomen, and biceps too large to wrap her hands around.
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  • His clothing was styled differently, with a dark V-neck tunic, dark pants, and a thick belt around his lower abdomen.
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  • It wasn't as if she were wearing a bikini, and her only physical attributes were a flat abdomen and smooth curves – well, those and her breasts, but they were over proportioned - out of balance, so to speak.
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  • Sloping shoulders, huge biceps, wide chest, lean abdomen … Now she understood rule number three and why it had the most exclamation points.
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  • Bleeding into the uterine cavity, the uterine wall or the abdomen may conceal the extent of the blood loss.
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  • Distinctive black chevrons on the upper part of the abdomen give rise to part of it's common name.
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  • You always used to have the upper right side of your abdomen opened up to have a simple cholecystectomy.
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  • Many tarantulas have a dense covering of stinging hairs on the abdomen to protect them from enemies.
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  • Abdomen characteristically humped with short appendages, except in males where the fourth pair of abdominal appendages are much elongated.
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  • Its abdomen was also more distinctly " zebra " striped in black and white and not furry like the usual Carders.
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  • A. The pancreas is a long secreting gland situated at the back of the abdomen, adjacent to the stomach.
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  • Consider packing the bleeding area with a 6 meter pack, led out of the abdomen via a separate stab incision.
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  • Experience surgeons are increasingly able to do operations by putting a laparoscope through very small cuts in the tummy (abdomen ).
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  • Peritoneal mesothelioma causes a tumor to grow in the lining of the abdomen.
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  • The female has a long, tail-like ovipositor at the end of the abdomen.
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  • Below is a photograph of a normal pancreas exposed during surgery of the abdomen.
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  • In a few people, the abdomen becomes bloated with a distended bowel that is basically paralyzed.
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  • Notably the legs are short relative to the torso and there is the presence of a slight paunch in the lower abdomen.
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  • Despite her intestinal perforation, she remained reasonably well, haemodynamically stable, with a soft distended abdomen.
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  • The tissue lining the abdomen is called the peritoneum.
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  • There is an increased chance that your child could develop peritonitis or inflammation of the lining of the abdomen.
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  • Parts of the body controlled by the lumbar plexus include the reproductive system and the abdomen, and the lumbar region of the back.
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  • For an open prostatectomy, access to the prostate gland is gained through an incision in the lower abdomen.
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  • This involves having a tube placed in your abdomen to drain any pus from the abscess.
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  • For example, lesions of canine superficial pyoderma (pustules) are most often seen on the ventral abdomen or medial thighs.
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  • The doctor may examine your abdomen, or look for the blistering rash on your skin, and check for mouth ulcers.
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  • It is in the abdomen on the right side of the body between the diaphragm and the lower rib cage.
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  • Others feel pain or a burning sensation in their upper abdomen.
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  • She developed an ache in her abdomen following infrequent sexual intercourse.
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  • The tension of the rectus sheath increases the pressure within the abdomen like a pressurized balloon.
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  • Repeated USS abdomen revealed persistent oedematous gall bladder along with mild splenomegaly.
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  • Part of the colon is brought out onto the abdomen to create a stoma.
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  • In keyhole surgery: the patientâs abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide to give the surgeon room to operate.
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  • A thin muscular sheet separating the thorax from the abdomen.
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  • Keep forearms resting on the floor and raise head, shoulders and upper thorax, but keep abdomen on the floor.
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  • The hormone insulin, secreted by the pancreas gland within the abdomen, controls this action of cell glucose uptake.
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  • The two bands, one at the front of thorax, the other near the top of the abdomen, are brownish yellow.
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  • It is in dry and sandy soil that the ant-lion lays its trap. Having marked out the chosen site by a circular groove, it starts to crawl backwards, using its abdomen as a plough to shovel up the soil.
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  • 6) contrasts markedly with the wonderful flattened abdomen and elytra of Mormolyce (fig.
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  • Many of the tropical American Elateridae emit light from the spots on the prothorax and an area beneath the base of the abdomen; these are "fireflies" (see above).
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  • It is a remarkable and newly-ascertained fact that in regeneration (in Potamilla) the thorax is not replaced by the growth of uninjured thoracic segments; but that the anterior segments of the abdomen take on the same characters, the setae dropping out and being replaced in accordance with the plan of the setae in the thorax of uninjured worms. Among the Oligochaeta the sexually mature worm is distinguished from the immature worm by the clitellum and by the development of genital setae.
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  • Verhoeff has lately (1904) put forward the view that there are really six segments in the hexapodan thorax and twenty in the abdomen - the cerci belonging to the seventeenth abdominal segment thus showing a close agreement with the centipede Scolopendra.
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  • The spider owes its name Argyroneta or the silver swimmer to its silvery appearance as it swims about under water enveloped in air, and its power to retain an envelope of air on its sternum and abdomen depends upon the circumstance that these areas are beset with hairs which prevent the water reaching the integument; but the air retained by these hairs can be released when the spider wishes to fill its subaqueous home with that element.
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  • The abdomen consists of ten segments, the tenth furnished with long and slender multi-articulate tails, which appear to be only two in number at first, but an intermediate one gradually develops itself (though this latter is often lost in the winged insect).
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  • The abdomen consists of ten segments; at the end are either two or three long multi-articulate tails; in the male the ninth joint bears forcipated appendages; in the female the oviducts terminate at the junction of the seventh and eighth ventral segments.
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  • Thus the poison of various insects induces in plants the cellular new formation known as a gall-nut; a foreign body implanted in a limb may become encysted in a capsule of fibrous tissue; septic matter introduced into the abdomen will cause proliferation of the lining endo(epi)thelium; and placing an animal (salamander, Galeotti) in an ambient medium at a higher temperature than that to which it is accustomed naturally, increases the rapidity of celldivision of its epithelium with augmentation of the number of karyokinetic figures.
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  • The Cephidae, or stem saw-flies, have an elongate pronotum, a compressed abdomen, and a single spine on the shin of the fore-leg.
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  • 5) in the bee's abdomen, the wax being pressed out between the segmental sclerites in the form of plates (fig.
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  • The circulation in the brain may be lessened by warmth to the feet, cold to the head, warm food in the stomach, warm poultices or compresses to the abdomen, antipyretics, which reduce the temperature and consequently slow the beats of the heart in fever, and cardiac or vascular tonics, which slow the heart and tend to restore tone to the blood-vessels, so that the circulation in the brain may be more efficiently regulated.
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  • Chest push-up: Lie on the floor with your abdomen pressed flat on to the floor.
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  • A typical rove beetle with short elytra, leaving most of the abdomen exposed.
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  • A CT scan of the abdomen was performed (Figure 3).
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  • Wax scales are tiny flakes secreted from glands on the underneath the worker bees ' abdomen.
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  • Muscle spasm in the thoracic region can cause referred pain to radiate into the chest or abdomen.
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  • Striae gravidarum occur when elastic tissue stretches as the abdomen and breasts enlarge.
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  • The symptoms include severe stomach pain and tenderness, nausea and vomiting, swelling of the abdomen and wind, fever and muscle aches.
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  • Liver function is affected, the abdomen becomes swollen with fluid increasing the risk of heart failure.
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  • Several tarantula species can kick defensive hairs off the top of the abdomen.
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  • In addition symptoms associated with severe tricuspid valve stenosis include enlargement of the liver, water retention in lower limbs and abdomen.
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  • I thought that the test most likely to be helpful was an ultrasound of the abdomen which I had already arranged.
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  • Usually the incision is made on the underside of the abdomen.
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  • Around her twentieth week of pregnancy, Sarah's family could notice the bulge on her abdomen.
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  • Have an adult hold your baby in the crook of her arm or against her abdomen to capture your newborn at an angle good for photographing.
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  • This causes a raised, thick rash that may be oily in appearance and is usually found on the buttocks, genitalia and the abdomen.
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  • The edges of the rash are usually sharp, although there may be spots that dot the abdomen or upper thighs.
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  • As they get older the chest and abdomen slowly turn white.
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  • By week seven, the female's abdomen will have grown considerably, and she will likely be a bit awkward when it comes to moving around and grooming herself.
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  • The hair on the abdomen may be trimmed a bit a week or two before delivery to make nursing easier.
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  • Upon further examination, gentle palpitation of the abdomen reveals a hard ball.
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  • He will check the abdomen for signs that the bladder is full, and he may try to force some urine out to see if the cat's urethra is blocked.
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  • In the first type referred to as the "wet form" of the disease, fluid accumulates in the abdomen of the cat.
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  • The cat will begin to gain weight, and her abdomen will begin to enlarge as the kittens grow.
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  • The queen will lick her abdomen, cry and likely even vomit.
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  • The dry form is equally lethal, but manifests itself through diarrhea and weakness without the fluid collection in the abdomen.
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  • This may be marked by swelling in the abdomen.
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  • As you breathe, try to do so deeply, noticing your abdomen rise as you inhale and fall as you exhale.
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  • You will become aware of your breaths as you concentrate on the rise and fall of your abdomen.
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  • Some girls notice achiness in the lower abdomen or a light stain in their underwear and get a sense that menstruation is about to begin.
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  • In 2004, the young actress wanted to improve her appearance so she underwent cosmetic surgery to fix her lop-sided cleavage and tone up her abdomen.
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  • In 1996, he was diagnosed with nonseminomatous testicular cancer, which had also spread to his brain, lungs and abdomen.
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  • There's a chance that the pups have adjusted their position and this could account for the change in the size and feel of your bitch's abdomen.
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  • Humans get a series of shots injected into the abdomen until the series is finished.
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  • One look to stay away from is wearing nothing under your deep V neck sweater and revealing your abdomen or chest hair.
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  • A tummy-control panel slims and shapes the abdomen area.
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  • Most body shapes look best in fitted or flat front styles as elastic or gathered waists emphasize abdomen bulges.
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  • As you hold the position, breathe deep into your abdomen and expel air fully.
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  • If medical conditions make walking difficult, avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes especially around your abdomen which can cause acid reflux episodes.
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  • Stomach sleepers can also get further support with a pillow that is placed below the abdomen.
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  • Likewise, the doctor will look for an enlarged spleen by pressing on (palpating) the abdomen; if the spleen is noticeably enlarged, ITP is not absolutely ruled out but is a less likely diagnosis.
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  • The child's abdomen begins to swell because of a firm, enlarged liver, and the infant gets progressively more ill.
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  • Also after surgery, the infant may experience an abnormal collection of fluid in the abdomen, referred to as ascites, so the doctor should be consulted if the infant's stomach is distended.
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  • In addition, in most cases, a liver biopsy or a surgical exploration of the infant's abdomen is necessary for a definitive diagnosis.
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  • If the child develops ascites (abnormal build-up of fluid in the abdomen), treatment consists of medications and alteration of the diet to maintain calorie intake but to reduce salt and fluid intake.
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  • The lymph system includes the spleen (an organ in the upper abdomen), the thymus (a small organ beneath the breastbone), and the tonsils (an organ in the throat).
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  • Clusters of lymph nodes are found in the neck, underarm, pelvis, abdomen, and chest.
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  • A cesarean section, also called a c-section, is a surgical procedure in which an incision is made through a woman's abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby.
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  • Elastic belts are used to hold sensors against the pregnant woman's abdomen.
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  • It strives to avoid overstimulation of the baby and to foster mother-child bonding by placing the baby on the mother's abdomen and having the mother massage him or her immediately after the birth.
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  • Cramps occurs more often in the legs and abdomen than in other areas of the body.
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  • The patient may feel aching or pain in parts of the body affected by inadequate blood supply, such as aching in the legs while walking or cramping sensations in the abdomen after meals.
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  • The jaundice usually appears first on the face and progresses downward to the chest, abdomen, legs, and feet.
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  • If the skin appears yellow, the test should be repeated on the chest or abdomen.
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  • Blows to the chest, abdomen, or head with a blunt instrument (e.g. a football or a fist) can cause contusions.
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  • Children may have a tendency to develop hernias or other organ shifts within the abdomen.
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  • The muscles required to perform gross motor skills are generally found in the arms, legs, back, abdomen and torso.
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  • An aortic dissection usually causes severe pain in the abdomen, back, or chest, depending on the section of the aorta that is affected.
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  • The other end of the catheter is tunneled under the skin to the abdomen where a pocket is created.
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  • There, the pump is implanted under the skin (epidermal area) through an incision in the abdomen.
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  • However, the parents of many children with this type of tumor are the first to notice a firm, rounded mass in their child's abdomen.
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  • Rarely, a Wilms' tumor is diagnosed after there has been bleeding into the tumor, resulting in sudden swelling of the abdomen and a low red blood cell count (anemia).
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  • During surgery, the surrounding lymph nodes, the area around the kidneys, and the entire abdomen will also be examined.
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  • Stage III tumors with favorable histology are usually treated with a combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin, dactinomycin, and vincristine along with radiation therapy to the abdomen.
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  • Amniocentesis-A procedure performed at 16-18 weeks of pregnancy in which a needle is inserted through a woman's abdomen into her uterus to draw out a small sample of the amniotic fluid from around the baby for analysis.
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  • If long-term tube feeding is necessary, the tube may be placed directly into the stomach or small intestine through an incision in the abdomen.
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  • The first part of diagnosing amenorrhea is a careful history, including a record of medications and any surgical procedures involving the abdomen or genitals.
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  • The first signs of the disease include an enlarged liver and spleen, causing the abdomen to swell.
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  • The rash appears first on the upper chest and spreads to the neck, abdomen, legs, arms, and in folds of skin such as under the arm or groin.
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  • It appears to be less common than in the past, due to improvements in infant delivery methods and the increased use of cesarean sections (c-sections) to surgically remove the infant through the abdomen.
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  • Cesarean section-Delivery of a baby through an incision in the mother's abdomen instead of through the vagina; also called a C-section, Cesarean birth, or Cesarean delivery.
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  • A ureter can be perfectly normal but in the wrong place, such as behind the vena cava (retrocaval ureter), the large vein in the middle of the abdomen.
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  • In some individuals, a tube from the stomach to the outside of the abdomen (gastrostomy tube) may be required to eliminate the need for swallowing large volumes of liquids and to decrease the risk of aspiration.
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  • Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited disorder characterized by an inflammatory response recurring with attacks of fever accompanied by intense pain in the abdomen, chest, or joints.
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  • It can mimic appendicitis, and many people with undiagnosed FMF have had appendectomies or exploratory surgery of the abdomen only to have the fever and abdominal pain return.
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  • Fevers occur for many reasons, and nonspecific pains in the abdomen, chest, and joints are also frequent ailments.
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  • This procedure can be done laparoscopically, a less invasive surgery where the doctor makes small cuts into the abdomen to insert a camera and the surgical instruments.
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  • Injection sites can be anywhere on the body where there is a layer of fat available, including the upper arm, abdomen, or upper thigh.
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  • The small battery-operated pump is worn outside the body and is connected to a cannula (a thin, flexible plastic tube) that is inserted into the abdomen called an insertion set.
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  • The theory behind the Heimlich maneuver is that by compressing the abdomen below the level of the diaphragm with quick abdominal thrusts, an "artificial cough" is created.
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  • It appears in a characteristic progression, from the head, face, and neck, to the trunk, then abdomen, and next out along the arms and legs.
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  • Inflammation of the liver, appendix, intestine, or lymph nodes within the abdomen may cause other complications.
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  • Respirations are best assessed by watching the rise and fall of the neonate's abdomen since infants are diaphragmatic breathers.
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  • A cesarean section (also referred to as c-section) is the birth of a fetus accomplished by performing a surgical incision through the maternal abdomen and uterus.
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  • The mother experiences severe pain, possible bleeding, and her abdomen feels rock hard.
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  • A healthcare provider can often tell the position of the fetus by feeling it through the wall of the mother's abdomen.
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  • During an external cephalic version (also known as version), the obstetrician attempts to turn the fetus to a head first position before labor begins by manipulating the outside of the abdomen.
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  • The obstetrician places his or her hands on the mother's abdomen to feel the location of the unborn baby's buttocks and head.
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  • A c-section is performed by an obstetrician, who makes an incision in the lower abdomen through which the baby is delivered.
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  • External cephalic version-Manual manipulation of the abdomen in order to turn a breech baby; also known as version.
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  • Galant reflex is stimulated by placing the infant on the stomach or lightly supporting him or her under the abdomen with a hand and, using a fingernail, gently stroking one side of the neonate's spinal column from the head to the buttocks.
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  • If acute arsenic poisoning is suspected, an x ray may reveal ingested arsenic in the abdomen (since arsenic is opaque to x rays).
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  • In rare instances, the spleen may rupture, producing sharp pain on the left side of the abdomen, a symptom that warrants immediate medical attention.
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  • Although lymphadenitis is usually diagnosed in lymph nodes in the neck, arms, or legs, it can also occur in lymph nodes in the chest or abdomen.
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  • Of the few cases on record, the prominent symptoms are vomiting, pain in the abdomen, arms, and legs, and neuropathy.
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  • The most important parts of the physical examination are checking for signs of severe fluid loss and examining the abdomen.
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  • If the patient's abdomen hurts when the doctor examines it, a diagnosis of dysentery is more likely.
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  • For instance, bruising in the back of the abdomen may eventually appear in the groin; bruising in the thigh or the knee will work its way down to the ankle.
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  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) occurs when the diaphragm does not form completely at about eight weeks of gestation, leaving a hole in this muscle that separates the chest and the abdomen.
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  • Open prenatal surgery requires a procedure similar to a cesarean section (C-section) for delivering a baby through the mother's abdomen.
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  • In other procedures the entire uterus is removed from the mother's body cavity through her abdomen.
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  • For urinary tract obstructions a needle may be used to insert a catheter through the mother's abdomen and uterus and into the fetal bladder where it drains the urine into the amniotic fluid.
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  • A needle-like instrument enters the uterus through a small incision in the mother's abdomen.
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  • A balloon placed in the fetus's trachea prevents lung fluid from escaping through the mouth, enabling the lungs to expand, grow, and push the abdominal organs out of the chest and back into the abdomen.
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  • Guided by ultrasound a needle is inserted through the mother's abdomen and uterus and into the tumor.
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  • The most common treatment for TTTS is amnioreduction in which a syringe through the mother's abdomen is used to remove amniotic fluid from the overfilled sac and place it in the sac of the other twin.
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  • Omphalocele-A birth defect where the bowel and sometimes the liver, protrudes through an opening in the baby's abdomen near the umbilical cord.
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  • Dermatitis of the buttocks, genitals, lower abdomen, or thigh folds of an infant or toddler is called diaper rash.
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  • Symptoms include jaundice, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, tenderness in the right upper abdomen, aching muscles, and joint pain.
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  • The other kind of brace is the underarm brace, which uses rigid plastic to encircle the lower rib cage, abdomen, and hips.
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  • The child may complain of tiredness and have trouble sitting up, standing, or moving the neck, shoulders, abdomen, back, or hips.
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  • Diarrhea and rose-colored spots on the chest and abdomen are other symptoms.
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  • Acute onset of renal vein thrombosis at any age causes pain in the lower back and sides of the abdomen, fever, bloody urine, decreased urine output, and sometimes kidney failure.
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  • Other symptoms include high blood pressure or a "whooshing" sound heard by the physician when he or she places a stethoscope on the abdomen.
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  • When examining the child, the doctor will palpate (feel) the child's abdomen to detect kidney enlargement.
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  • He or she will also place the stethoscope over the child's abdomen; when renal vein thrombosis is present, the doctor may hear an abnormal "whooshing" as blood tries to flow through the blocked vessel.
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  • Infection of peritoneal tissue lining the intestines and the abdomen (peritonitis) may result from bacteria growing in the accumulation of undigested material.
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  • Other symptoms may include difficulty breathing, excessive salivation and drooling, the presence of a palpable mass in the abdomen, yellow-tinted skin (jaundice), and failure to respond (lethargy).
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  • If the duodenum is twisted as in volvulus, the newborn may have a distended abdomen and bloody diarrhea.
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  • The abdomen is opened and the large intestine is placed to the left side in order for the doctor to perform the surgery.
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  • The muscles required to perform gross motor skills are generally found in the arms, legs, back, abdomen, and torso.
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  • A child who is constipated may feel bloated, have a headache, swollen abdomen, or pass rock-like feces; or strain, bleed, or feel pain during bowel movements.
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  • A constipated baby may strain, cry, draw the legs toward the abdomen, or arch the back when having a bowel movement.
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  • The doctor uses his fingers to see if there is a hardened mass in the abdomen and may perform a rectal examination.
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  • Castor oil, applied topically to the abdomen and covered by a heat source (a heating pad or hot water bottle) can help relieve constipation when used nightly for 20 to 30 minutes.
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  • This needleless form of acupuncture is said to relax the abdomen, ease discomfort, and stimulate regular bowel movements when diet and exercise fail to do so.
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  • Six drops of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and six drops of thyme (Thymus spp.) diluted by one ounce of almond oil, olive oil, or another carrier oil can relieve constipation when used to massage the abdomen.
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  • Examples of simple motor tics include nose wrinkling, facial grimaces, eye blinking, jerking the neck, shrugging the shoulders, or tensing the muscles of the abdomen.
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  • During the ultrasound procedure, a hand-held instrument is placed on the maternal abdomen or inserted vaginally.
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  • The stomach and intestines begin development outside the baby's abdomen and only later does the abdominal wall enclose them.
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  • The organs themselves are fully functional; the difficulty lies in fitting them inside the abdomen.
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  • However, after surgery, increased pressure in the stretched abdomen can compromise the function of the organs inside.
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  • Catheters and ports also may be placed in the chest cavity, abdomen, bladder, or pelvis (intracavitary or IC catheter), depending on the location of the cancer to be treated.
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  • Related symptoms include vomiting; seizures; shortness of breath; severe pain in the back, muscles, abdomen, or chest; and, if prolonged or uncorrected, shock and coma or death.
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  • Prior to the use of EFMs, nurses and doctors periodically monitored the baby's heartbeat manually by placing a stethoscope on the mother's abdomen.
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  • Two belts are placed around the pregnant woman's abdomen.
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  • When the transducer is placed correctly on the maternal abdomen, the sound waves bounce off the fetal heart and are picked up by the electronic monitor.
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  • An exstrophic bladder is one that is open to the outside and turned inside out, so that its inside is visible at birth, protruding from the lower abdomen.
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  • On the other hand, in cases of excess blood volume, fluid tends to accumulate around cells in the lower legs, abdomen, and chest.
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  • The rash usually starts on the chest, back, and abdomen then spreads out to the arms and neck.
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  • In the fetus, the testes are in the abdomen.
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  • Cryptorchidism-Undescended testes, a condition in which a boy is born with one or both testicles in the lower abdomen rather than the scrotum.
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  • Between birth and age two, these children will likely develop other symptoms, such as chronic constipation, small watery stools, a distended abdomen, vomiting, poor appetite, slow weight gain, and failure to thrive.
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  • When the material in the bowel cannot move past the obstruction, the body reabsorbs large amounts of fluid and the abdomen becomes sore to the touch and swollen (distended).
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  • Clues to this diagnosis include sudden decrease in diarrhea, swelling of the abdomen, and worsening abdominal pain.
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  • In creeping the infant is prone, with the abdomen touching the floor, and the head and shoulders supported with the weight borne on the elbows.
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  • A sample of the amniotic fluid, which surrounds a fetus in the womb, is collected through a pregnant woman's abdomen using a needle and syringe.
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  • During the sampling procedure, the obstetrician inserts a very fine needle through the woman's abdomen into the uterus and amniotic sac and withdraws approximately one ounce of amniotic fluid for testing.
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  • As the doctor palpates or feels the child's abdomen, he or she will pay particular attention to the size of the spleen and liver.
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  • Early symptoms of necrotizing enterocolitis include an intolerance to formula, distended and tender abdomen, vomiting, and blood (visible or not) in the stool.
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  • It is sometimes necessary to create a substitute bowel by making an opening (ostomy) into the abdomen through the skin, from which waste products are discharged temporarily.
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  • The most serious weakness of DMD is weakness of the diaphragm, the sheet of muscles at the top of the abdomen that perform the main work of breathing and coughing.
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  • An umbilical hernia occurs when a portion of the bowel protrudes through a small defect in the abdominal wall muscle near where the umbilical cord attaches to the baby's abdomen.
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  • These are not a result of an organ protruding through weakened muscle tissue but rather are a result of a much larger defect of the muscles of the abdomen that causes the internal organs to develop outside the body.
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  • In children with diaphragmatic hernia, the contents of the abdomen protrude into the chest cavity.
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  • The structures that form the diaphragm do not properly form, allowing the contents of the lower abdomen to migrate up near the heart and lungs.
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  • Umbilical hernia is generally a benign condition that will resolve spontaneously as the muscles of the abdomen grow.
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  • In diaphragmatic hernia repair surgery, the herniated abdominal organs are forced back into their proper position within the abdomen.
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  • Rashes are most common on the buttocks, abdomen, and lower extremities.
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  • Because NEC is potentially fatal, doctors are quick to respond to its symptoms, which include lethargy, vomiting, a swollen and/or red abdomen, fever, and blood in the stool.
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  • A heart monitor or cardiorespiratory monitor may be attached to the baby's chest, abdomen, arms, or legs with adhesive patches to monitor breathing and heart rate.
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  • The two small, grape-shaped organs inside the abdomen on either side of the uterus, known as the ovaries, are filled with hundreds of thousands of eggs and are the organs that allow pregnancy to occur.
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  • Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for menstrual cramps, the dull or throbbing pain in the lower abdomen that many women experience just before and during their menstrual periods.
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  • These bacteria produce gas, cramping, bloating, a "gurgly" feeling in the abdomen, and flatulence.
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  • In children, cystitis causes pain and tenderness in the lower abdomen, frequent urination, blood in the urine, and fever.
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  • When cystitis is suspected, the doctor first examines a person's abdomen and lower back, to evaluate unusual enlargements of the kidneys or swelling of the bladder.
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  • The rash spreads up the arms and legs, toward the chest, abdomen, and back.
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  • Ileus is most often associated with an infection of the peritoneum (the membrane lining the abdomen) or other intra-abdominal infections such as appendicitis.
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  • Another common cause of ileus is a disruption or reduction of the blood supply to the abdomen.
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  • When a doctor listens with a stethoscope to the abdomen of a child suffering from ileus, there will be few or no bowel sounds, indicating that the intestine has stopped functioning.
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  • Ileus can be confirmed by x rays of the abdomen, computed tomography scans (CT scans), or ultrasound.
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  • Castor oil packs applied to the abdomen can reduce inflammation and also lessen spasms or discomfort.
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  • In addition to the vomiting, the child may have a headache, low-grade fever, dizziness, pain in the abdomen, heavy drooling, and diarrhea.
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