If the people of Boston must fight for their liberty, we will help them.
If he does not take the inheritance, we will not have a home.
There are the people who hope the future will be better.
If you panic, she will be frightened.
One day he will know.
Will you buy it, my dear? he asked, addressing Dorothy.
"Will there be any more Rains?" asked the man with the star.
Things will get better.
It will be different this time, he said, cuddling her against his chest as if she were a child.
The roast will be ready in about 15 minutes.
You have to stay in here, but Mommy will hug you.
"Mother will help him learn it," said his sister.
He will be pleased.
Then our country will be rid of all its unwelcome visitors.
I will lead you to it.
"That will prove a barrier for some time to come," said the little man, smiling pleasantly all over his wrinkled face at the success of their stratagem.
When will supper be ready?
The rest of us will be along soon.
In the end, he will not refuse.
How will she get here from the airport?
"Mommy will be right here," Carmen said as she gently pulled away.
"Now," said the Wizard of Oz, "having created something from nothing, I will make something nothing again."
"He will not be a wonderful Wizard long," remarked Gwig.
But never mind; be brave, my friends, and I will go and tell our masters where you are, and get them to come to your rescue.
You are strangers in the Valley of Voe, and do not seem to know our ways; so I will try to save you.
Once you have tried my goods I am sure you will never be without them.
And while it may not be perfect, life will be profoundly better for everyone on the planet.
But if my jacket and trousers, my hat and shoes, are fit to worship God in, they will do; will they not?
If you have an unwavering commitment to an idea that all things will be good all the time, then that is irrational.
"We will all arise, every one of us will go, for our father the Tsar!" he shouted, rolling his bloodshot eyes.
So the piglets will be perfectly safe, hereafter, as far as I am concerned.
"Do you mean that Princess Ozma will see this cave in her enchanted picture, and see all of us here, and what we are doing?" demanded Zeb.
It will seem like being at home again, for I lived in that room for many, many years.
"We will talk of it later," said Anna Pavlovna with a smile.
We are Russians and will not grudge our blood in defense of our faith, the throne, and the Fatherland!
We will show Europe how Russia rises to the defense of Russia!
"Our sovereign the Emperor will be here in a moment," said Rostopchin.
Very possibly the theater of war will move so near to us that...
Bald Hills will be occupied by the enemy within a week.
"Dad," Jonathan said, "When we get the new baby, where will we put him when we ride in the car?"
Father will not change his mind.
He will see that the estate does not leave the family.
Will you show me how to do that?
Will this be your last baby?
"I will go get your dress," Nina said to Carmen, and left the room.
Supper will be ready in ten minutes.
She has to talk to father about it and she will call back later this morning to let me know when she will be here.
Someone will have to pick her up at the airport, but she can stay with Jonathan at the house.
"I will," she said, and kissed him.
"That is true," agreed the Wizard, "and as the river seems to be flowing in the direction of the Pyramid Mountain it will be the easiest way for us to travel."
"I believe we will soon follow her," announced the Wizard, in a tone of great relief; "for I know something about the magic of the fairyland that is called the Land of Oz.
It will all happen as quick as a wink.
How will we see these discontinuities coming?
This is because history repeats itself—at least, as the great historian Will Durant says, "in outline form."
I will hug and kiss little blind girls mr. anagnos will come to see me.
Let me know at once when you will start.
Jonathan and I will make sure we fill her in on anything she missed.
"Now I will fix your hair," Felipa said.
Alex will be home soon and I have to get supper on.
Will somebody kindly loan me a hat?
"Ahem!" said the Wizard, "will somebody please loan me a handkerchief?"
It will be about the end of our adventures, I guess.
"Will it hurt?" asked the boy, in a voice that trembled a little.
These are friends, and will do you no harm.
The kitten will not come.
That last evening was so delightful that the boy will never forget it as long as he lives.
"Yes, I will try to learn it," said Edward.
"Do so, my child," said the Minister; "and I hope that when you grow up you will become a wise man and a great orator."
"And then will you give me more?" he asked.
I will stir up all the farmers between here and Concord, and those fellows will have a hot time of it.
As soon as I see the light, I will mount my horse and ride out to give the alarm.
It will not see me till it comes very near.
"It will try to bite me," he thought.
I will not cry out.
Then I will drag it out of the bushes and call mamma to come and see it.
How proud mamma will be of her brave boy!
"Do you think there will be a battle?" asked the blacksmith.
To- day will decide whether Richard or Henry shall be king of England.
"I have only six nails," he said, "and it will take a little time to hammer out ten more."
King Richard will be impatient.
"Three nails in each shoe will hold them on," said the smith.
"Oh, any kind of a place will suit him," answered the landlord.
"Well, then," answered the stranger, "I will see what they can do for me at the Planters' Tavern, round the corner;" and he rode away.
"The next time he comes," said the Dean, "let me know, and I will go to the door."
I will go out and make believe that I am bringing him a present.
I will show you how a messenger ought to behave.
If he begins as a common sailor, he will never be anything else.
I will stay at home and do as you wish.
Perhaps he will do well with you.
"I will leave it till morning," he said; "then the light will be better."
Well, I have here a puzzle which I think will test your wisdom.
"Come with us," they said, "and we will teach you that the king's soldiers are not to be trifled with."
And so we will keep the game going till it is time for school to be dismissed.
"What will the punishment be, Mr. Johnson?" asked a bold, bad boy.
"Will you give it to me, mother?" asked little Alfred.
"I will give it to the one who first learns to read in it" she answered.
"Mother," he said, "will you let me see that beautiful book again?"
Read, and you will know, my child.
Yes, mother, I will read and then I will know.
"Read, and you will know," said his mother.
Do not read bad books, they will make you bad.
What will you do with them?
"I think I will give them to our friends," said Cyrus.
He saw that Cyrus had a will of his own, and this pleased him very much.
Mount your horse, and my own men will ride with you and see that you reach the end of your journey in safety.
Then we may be sure that he will never trouble us again.
Give us a few days to learn what sort of laws you will make for us, and then we will say whether we can submit to them or not.
"I will give you thirty days to consider the matter," said Coriolanus.
His heart will be hard indeed if he can refuse his mother and his wife.
Then there will be no one to tell tales.
"Now which of you will hang this bell on the Cat's neck?" said the old gray Mouse.
Listen, and I will tell you of the famous dark day in Connecticut.
"No use to make laws," said another, "for they will never be needed."
The poet Whittier has written a poem about him, which you will like to hear.
As he was starting away, the friendly innkeeper said, "Which way will you travel, Mr. Randolph?"
"We hope that he will get what he deserves," they said.
Give me a few common tools and some food, and I will do well enough, said the sailor.
Take me back, and I will give you no more trouble.
"If I ever have the good fortune to escape from this island," he said, "I will be kind and obliging to every one.
I will try to make friends instead of enemies.
I thank you for it, and pray that God will bless you.
You may send the gold pieces to your mother with my compliments; and tell her that the king will take care of both her and you.
I will tell you another story of the same brave and famous king.
"Since you love him so well," said the king, "I will tell you something.
I, too, will try, try again, till I succeed.
My wife will be delighted with it.
"I will take one of those turkeys," he said.
I happen to be going that way, and I will carry your turkey, if you will allow me.
His aunt laughed and said, "Well, I hope that you will succeed."
I pray that you will look at them and take them at your own price.
He will not care.'
If anything is lacking, I will pay it to you.
"There is nothing lacking," he said, "but the ten pieces he has told you about; and I will give him these as a reward."
"Who will sing us a song?" said the master woodman as he threw a fresh log upon the fire.
Let us have a good old song that will help to keep us warm.
"Then to-morrow I will go out and see some of those things," he said.
I will spend all my life, and give all that I have, to lessen the distress and sorrow with which this world seems filled.
There will be music and dancing, and many fine people will be there.
"I will tell you," he said.
But they will be looking for you.
My mother will not be worried.
"Of course she will be glad to know that," said the boy; "but she has no time to bother about me to-night."
Oh, yes, I know she is anxious, and I will go.
They say he is hunting in the woods, and perhaps will ride out this way.
"Oh, that will be easy enough," was the answer.
All the other men will take off their hats, but the king will keep his on.
Do you mean that the one with his hat on will be the king?
"How much will you take for the fish that you are drawing in?" he asked.
"How much will you give?" said the fishermen.
"Well, I will give three pieces of silver for all that are in the net," answered the merchant.
We will give the prize to him.
Will you sell it?
"Well, you will not find that man in Rhodes," said he.
Then there are the people who reason the future will be better.
In this book, I maintain the future will be without ignorance, disease, hunger, poverty, and war, and I support those assertions with history, data, and reason.
But I hope you will at least believe it to be possible.
This will be extremely useful, because the game, as they say, has just changed completely.
When you hear about a new company and your response is, "Why in the world would anyone want to do that?" it will be because there is no offline corollary.
Will people like it?
Will they do it?
Only time will tell.
And that leads us to a critical question: Who decides what we will make the Internet do?
Who decides what the Internet will become?
She hires a contract programmer in Russia for $3000 to code it and advertises on Craig's List for a designer who will work for some stock.
The choices we make to test options never before contemplated will tell us all kinds of new things about ourselves.
In just eighteen months from now, we will have duplicated that again and effectively doubled our computation power.
Then, in eighteen more months, it will double again.
And after they become possible, they will become very inexpensive.
But I do think we will see an end to any effective constraints relating to computers' ability to process data and transfer information.
But a single example will suffice to illustrate the whole.
And what seems clear is that, sooner or later, we will get there.
Our ability to process data, move information, and make things small will progress to a point where they will not be gating factors ever again.
Now I will try to persuade you.
It's hard to know what later generations will deem to be art.
I can't tell you which clips will be watched in a century, but I'm certain that some will be.
It will be a glorious time to be alive, and I believe my children will see it happen.
We will finally be able to build an oracle, and we will use that tool, that collection of life experiences, to optimize our own lives.
And I think that is what the Internet will deliver.
It will make us all profoundly wise, wiser than the wisest person who has ever lived.
By "the end of ignorance," I mean a world where everyone everywhere will be able to go through life making wise decisions based on near-perfect information.
Or at least they will know the wise choice to make; whether they will choose it is another matter.
Whether you love it or hate it, do you doubt it will happen?
That said, if I had to pick one function I think the Internet will turn out to "be," it is this: The Internet will become a repository and a set of applications for storing the sum total of all life experiences of all people on earth.
It will be the collective memory and experience of the planet.
They will take time to write a great big forum post just for you, a total stranger they will never meet.
Given that, I consider it highly likely that people will share their Digital Echo.
Probably anonymously, probably with certain controls—but I believe they will share it.
I think to the extent the data is not identifiable to a person and is only used to make suggestions to others, people will participate.
Of course, privacy protection will be key.
People will only contribute to the extent that their most personal information is protected.
They will contribute to the greater good.
They will become part of the solution.
And they will see how this information will be used to better the lives of other people in very real ways.
This unique phenomenon will pass as we learn to cope with vast amounts of data.
More precisely, we will probably teach machines to teach themselves how to process it for us and surface findings to us.
We will be completely insulated from the collecting and researching of data so that we can focus entirely on turning data into knowledge.
This technological shift will have profound effects on the course of human history.
This will turbocharge science, which will no longer rely exclusively on slow observations in real time.
Instead of science proceeding at the slow speed of time, the only limit on its progress will be processor speed—and those two speeds hardly can be compared.
To make my case that machines will bring about the end of ignorance, I begin with a company I admire: Amazon.com, the world's largest online retailer.
Two hundred years later, William Rutherford thought he had calculated it to 208 digits but only got the first 152 correct, so we will give him credit that far.
Four things will then happen that will make the suggestion engine get vastly better over time:
The database of associations will grow forever.
Every sale from the point the robot was turned on to when the sun finally burns out will be perfectly remembered.
Self-teaching algorithms will get better and better at making suggestions.
For instance, they will learn subtleties such as suggesting beach gear if a person buys a cooler in July and tailgating gear if the same purchase is made in October.
The machine will figure this out as it collects more data and incorporates more variables, and then experiments on people to see which combinations of factors work the best.
More and more data about each customer will be available.
Armed with this data, it will suggest different products to me than to you.
Because of Moore's Law, computers will get faster and storage will be cheaper.
As time passes, the suggestions will become astonishingly on-target—and no human will have programmed that.
Once we get the problem off our "to-do list" and stick it onto the computer's, we largely will be done.
We will just sit back and let the machines sort it all out.
Once that is achieved, the sort of event that will happen is: You will be online to order, say, a replacement water filter, and the suggestion engine will propose that along with the filter, you might like to buy ... a pogo stick.
You will find that you probably really did want a pogo stick.
No human could ever do this, for in these purely computational matters, machines are vastly superior to us, and always will be.
Machines will never, in my opinion, be able to be creative.
In the future, something very much like the Amazon suggestion engine, but for all of life, will change that.
First, it will consider all your friends, people with whom you have actual intimate relationships, and it will look at where they go for Italian food.
The system will also look for anything they've written publicly about this place (Yelp, Facebook, personal blog) and which superlatives they used to describe it.
Then it will look at everybody in San Francisco.
This system will look at all the restaurants across the country (even around the world) where you have dined frequently.
It will look at all other people who like the same restaurants and see where they repeatedly go for Italian food in San Francisco.
The system will weigh heavily the choices of people with Italian last names, and people who own restaurants—all these different factors, millions and millions of factors, all from the passively recorded life experiences of a billion people.
This system will look at all the Italian restaurants around the country that you already like and look at all the ingredients they order online and look for restaurants in San Francisco using the same set of ingredients.
It will look at the size of your favorite restaurants, the prices of all the dishes.
It will build a table of all the words used by people like you who have reviewed those restaurants and will look for San Francisco restaurants described with the same words.
It will look at all this and a million other factors that would seem to be unrelated.
And my system will come back with a single answer, something like, You should go to Tommaso's on Kearny Street.
What's more, the algorithms used to make that recommendation are self-learning and will improve their suggestions over time.
A day later, the system will ask, "Hey, what did you think of Tommaso's?"
Of course, the system only shapes decisions insofar as you take its guidance, which begs the question: Will people follow suggestions they may not fully understand?
Over time, we will feel that kind of confidence in this kind of system.
None of us has the time to do that—but in the future, with my system, wisdom will operate at processor speeds.
It will look at where they went to college and what the outcome was.
We cannot deal with equations that big—but a computer will solve for that in a minute if it has enough data.
This gives me confidence that, in the wisdom-seeking systems of the future, people will be willing to share data to make the algorithms better.
Don't get me wrong: Privacy issues in the future will be thorny to work through.
These will be waters to navigate carefully, in order to make sure that the right to privacy, a cornerstone of a free society, is not destroyed.
The future system I foresee will not be different in substance, but only in degree.
What will change is the amount of data that will be recorded, the speed of the processors, and the cost of storage and computation.
We never will have the opportunity to learn from the details of their lives and the trillions upon trillions of trial-and-error learning that humankind has repeated again and again.
In almost all aspects of life, the application of this process will bring improvements.
In a profound way, our lives will be better.
They will feel like we stumbled sloppily into the future.
When we consider the costs of all the wrong decisions ever made—a calculation I don't even know how to approach—we will think of it as a diminishing problem receding into the past.
In the future, every single person will have at his or her disposal the sum total of the life experience of everyone alive.
In the future, we will all have it.
But in a world where great wisdom is available to everyone, the end of ignorance will be within our grasp.
I do not know and certainly don't want to try to prove to you that the future will be like that.
So how about this instead: What if I can show you a future where everyone on the planet will live in good health as long as it is possible for their body to live?
What a future that will be!
It often left them partially paralyzed, in wheelchairs or iron lungs (a term that's now all but forgotten and will likely send younger readers to Wikipedia).
If my reasoning elsewhere in this book is correct, we are moving toward a future where there will be nothing but healthy, well-developed, rich countries with modern infrastructure.
And as population rises, education rises, health rises, and wealth rises, more and more people will be working on these problems.
Second, will the pace of advance increase or decrease in the future?
The number of medical patents issued in 2010 was more than fifty thousand, an all-time record—and it almost certainly will be broken next year, then the next, and again the next.
The pace of innovation and accomplishment is already fast but will grow even faster.
We will do much more in the next twenty years than in the preceding one hundred.
Not long from now, computers will systematically look through trillions upon trillions of pieces of data for these associations.
This method will allow us to treat the entire world as a controlled experiment in retrospect.
Though cases like these are not really how the science will be used, they illustrate the principle.
Then we will come to understand the outliers better.
In the future, we will know.
We will know how to live our lives to best maximize any and all factors.
But the choice will be ours and will be made based on facts.
This future will begin gradually.
More and more data will be passively collected.
More people will participate.
The passage of time will grow the repository.
Successes will come, encouraging more data collection and more people to participate.
Once this ball gets rolling, it will speed up and, because of it, we will all wake up each morning with a little extra spring in our step and sparkle in our eye.
Once the promise of this world comes to be, new ways will be created to measure even more data.
Once we know how to use it, we will start logging it.
Essentially, we will be able to run as many controlled experiments as we can imagine instantly and for no cost—and that will revolutionize medicine.
You won't have to go eat the other foods; the system will remember every meal you have had and will log your headaches.
Then, you will search to see if other people have this same problem.
You won't be able to identify the other people; you will simply see that 1600 other people seem to have this same corn dog issue.
You will then look to see what other factors they all have in common.
Groups of people will do science this same way.
When the cost of recording all the data is zero, the cost of processing it is zero, and the cost of accessing it zero, then the many sciences, especially human health, will be democratized.
The world will still need ever-smarter specialists doing ever-more complex work.
Finally, this system will not just solve for human illness, but all kinds of other problems as well.
Patterns in crimes will be discovered.
We will be able to examine all kinds of social issues: Why are some areas poorer than others?
A record of all human activity, with anonymity safeguards in place, will allow us all to become part of the solution by putting our minds to work on the problems of the world.
How will all of this help us end disease?
First: It will help us understand why certain people get certain genetic diseases.
Then, people could start reporting all their medical issues—headaches, halitosis, heart disease—and we will begin to see commonalities between genes and conditions we do not generally regard as genetic.
By doing this, we will come to understand those conditions better and perhaps prevent them.
Third: We will learn what treatments not to use.
Due to genetic factors we will certainly learn about in the future, some drugs and treatments do not work on certain people.
In addition to knowing more about what will work, in the future we will also know more about what won't work.
Fourth: We will be able to define illnesses better.
What we call "heart disease" will become hundreds of individual conditions each with its own cause and, hopefully, cure.
Fifth: We will understand correlations between lifestyle factors, quality of life, and genome.
However, I fully expect we will learn things about the opposite—what we may do, thanks to our genes.
But my guess is that we will be able to do this and even make existing "good" genes perform better.
Additionally, we will at some point in the not-too-distant future have enough biological understanding of the genome and enough computer horsepower to model complex interactions in the body.
We will discuss the molecular machines called nanites—tiny, molecular-sized robots that will swim around in your body fighting disease, repairing damage, and alerting you to problems (and will likely dramatically increase the human lifespan).
Now let's look at how the Internet will help end disease in a more traditional, suit-and-tie kind of way.
The division of labor applied to science will yield substantial results.
More data will come online, from satellite images to sensor readings.
And when more and more people have their medical history tracked over time, we will learn even more about how our bodies get sick and how they heal.
This will likely not ever be perfect, but any insight it can offer us is a gain.
The additional possibility of access to all humans' Digital Echoes, to be studied for a million unnoticed causal correlations, will hasten the demise of disease as well and will increase quality of life and longevity.
He predicts that within twenty years, the first person to live to one thousand will be born.
In any event, this much is certain: We will see medical advances in the future that seem impossible today.
It already has increased both substantially and will do so dramatically more in the coming years.
We have seen this happen already, and it will get substantially better in the near future.
One failure of the marketplace is the misattribution of the amount of utility an item will bring a person.
I buy something because I have certain assumptions about how much happiness it will bring me.
To the extent that I get accurate information from other consumers of the product, I will tend to make better choices.
With the rapid flow of information about businesses and their products, along with the ease of "checking up" on a vendor, good businesses will get more business and push out the bad ones.
For the foreseeable future, technological advance will drive the world of wealth creation—and it is capable of producing more wealth than everything that has come before it.
This will bring vast amounts of new wealth onto the planet.
We won't talk at this point about the distribution of that wealth; that will come later.
But for now, I want to leave you with a preposterous thought: In the future, a new Mercedes Benz will cost just $50.
And the mechanisms that will bring that about are also the ones that will end poverty forever.
I won't base my reasoning for how the Internet and technology will end poverty on this idea alone.
One breakthrough is all it will take to change the world.
I don't mean that in a motivational poster kind of way but in a literal sense: Failures (and what we learn from them) will help build the energy solutions for our future.
And in that future, I believe the world can have—in fact, will have—plentiful, free, clean energy that will result in dramatically lower costs for everything, everywhere.
So hold these thoughts, as we will be returning to them.
Second, as technology advances, it will make things in the physical world fall in price.
First, let's consider the macroeconomic impact of this change—the effect it will have on the net economic status of the planet.
My purpose in this chapter will not be to persuade the reader of any political doctrine of trade; please apply your own political and social values as you see fit.
But it is quite likely you will need fewer workers.
The net effect is positive, but the laid-off workers will probably have a hard time appreciating it.
You might argue that since there is now a surplus of labor in Chad's neighborhood, the price of labor is lowered and Chad will only find work paying $9.75 an hour.
But that is not what will happen.
Chad's next job will actually pay more than $10 an hour.
But if you can tolerate it, what follows will explain why free trade sometimes hurts the (net) world economy.
You are leaving town for a week and a day and will completely avoid your spouse's meltdown.
Someday the computer program will lose its job, although I don't know to what.
Now, to explain why I think Chad will be getting a better job anyway.
No machine will ever be an interior decorator.
No machine will be a politician.
No machine will ever star in a Broadway musical.
No machine will ever be a kindergarten teacher.
Machines cannot and never will do these things.
And he will find he is capable of adding far more value than as a set of eyes watching a screen.
And the sooner we get machines to do the things they can do, freeing up people to do what they can do, the happier and wealthier we all will be.
Humanity augmented with technology will lead to ever-increasing productivity.
The next chapter will explore how far this can go, how many of our daily tasks machines could assume.
No one will play the game if the rules only apply to one team. 2.
If this is not the case, people will not trade their labor for things that can easily or capriciously be taken away. 3.
I might enjoy that kind of banter with a real person I will never meet, talking to me from a distant state.
I hesitate to start talking about nanotechnology for fear I will not be able to stop—the entire field is amazing to me!
We need no far-out scenarios to see how this will change the world.
Clearly, what nanites will do inside our bodies in the future is almost limitless and will change medicine forever.
In the future, we will paint surfaces with substances full of nanites that will absorb sunlight and turn it into electricity, transforming any object we paint into a clean energy creator.
Plus, they will be able to convert heat to electricity as well, so anything that heats up will become an energy source.
Nanotechnology will give us metals that don't bend, or bend and yet remember their original shape.
But more than that, nanotechnology will create new opportunities that we cannot now see.
If we obtained this ten-thousand-fold increase simply by allowing specialization and dividing work up among people, then what astronomical gains will we achieve by outsourcing that work to robots capable of working with unimaginable precision at unimaginable speed?
Bob will make paint, and a "Nailmaker 2000" will make nails.
So, how many thousands of times more will this increase our productivity?
One would argue that energy costs will remain high.
I think no matter what, energy costs will fall dramatically in the future, probably to near zero, because the economic incentives to unlock that technical puzzle are so overwhelming.
I think we will see commodity prices plummet in the coming years.
Finally, you might argue that fees paid as royalties to the owners of the intellectual property needed to build the Mercedes for $50 will not fall by a thousandfold.
Technical breakthroughs in the future will come very rapidly, each one used to increase quality and lower costs in order to compete in an ever more competitive marketplace.
Technical workarounds will prevent technical monopolies in the future.
Innovating will become table stakes just to stay in business, and innovation will be used to lower prices, not to increase them.
I know that sounds preposterous—but only based on our assumptions that the future will be like the past.
So, will we get a thousandfold increase in other areas?
I think in the future, food will be free.
When computers are in your clothes, medicine, eyeglasses, wallet, tires, walls, makeup, jewelry, cookware, tennis shoes, binoculars, and everything else you own, those things will do more than you can imagine—the stuff of science fiction.
Imagine when a five-cent computer in your shoe warns you that the way you are walking will lead to spine problems.
And each of these items will fall in price.
It will be better than any pan you own today.
It will analyze and record the nutritional content of your meal.
This pan will cost a dollar.
But surely a pan that warns you if your house is burning down or your food will kill you has to be worth $200 to you.
So whether you are rich or poor in the future, you will own this pan and get this benefit.
Houses will be built by robots using materials not yet invented that are cheaper and more energy efficient.
Labor will fall, material costs will fall, materials will be better, stronger, greener, prettier, lighter, more malleable, and just altogether better.
Of course they will be.
Housing is a huge industry that will reward innovative products.
It will do things you don't expect a house to do.
First of all, it will keep you safe.
It will know everyone who is supposed to be in the house and alert you when someone else is in the house (replacing the family dog of old in whom we never fully placed our trust).
It will have windows that cannot be broken and doors that cannot be forced.
It will verify the credentials of any service people who come by.
Your home will be your castle, and in your castle you will be secure.
But your house will do more.
It will passively recognize you by recognizing your face or your voice or your breathing pattern or the pattern of your footsteps or, most likely, your scent.
The house will know where everything in it is; you will never again lose your keys or your child's favorite stuffed animal.
It will alert you when you have mice or termites.
The house will need scheduled maintenance but will remember when and will ask you for permission.
It will be self-repairing.
Its walls will be moveable by a professional, so it can be redesigned in a day.
Its windows will darken at your command; its air will be automatically purified.
Your house will not be "smart" insofar as it will not seem alive to you any more than your garage door opener or your web browser does.
This house will be cheaper to build than a house today and worth vastly more to you for all the cool things it does.
I would love to write more and more about this topic, about how things will get better and cheaper in the future.
About clothes, and how robots will weave garments that never wear out from materials not yet invented that will cost very little.
How those clothes will monitor my health, my hydration levels, and even my body odor.
I will be able to change their color.
I will probably absorb vitamins through my skin as my shirt detects I need them.
No one will ever get lost again.
Vacationing should fall in price but requires much direct labor, so it will not fall by a thousandfold.
It is only a whisper of the wonders we will build and the prosperity we will create.
That brings us back to the thousandfold increase in wealth, which the world will soon experience.
But I expect that technology and free enterprise will take us across a threshold where things formerly regarded as scarce will not be so any more.
This will create a cascading effect; once energy, for instance, is free, it will make precious metals free.
But let's say only 10 percent of industries will experience this thousandfold increase in productivity.
On balance, this will be a hundredfold increase in productivity.
That means your $40,000 salary will have the purchasing power of a $4,000,000 salary today.
The overall economic output of the planet, GWP (gross world product), will rise dramatically in the years to come, but its distribution will be quite skewed.
If you already have a large amount of productivity, technology will amplify it.
An exception worth noting is that the poor who get better products at cheaper prices will see their wealth rise accordingly.
Given that inequalities in income are likely to grow, how I can I contend that we will see an end of poverty?
When the rich believe the poor will not honor property rights.
Finally, when the poor see their income shrink while the income of the rich rises, they will buy into the system less.
However, if they are getting wealthier over time, even if the rich are getting wealthier faster, the poor will tend to accept the system more.
Once a nation shows its willingness to seize foreign-owned property at will, foreign investors are reluctant to do business there again.
If the poor remove rich people's incentives to produce economic gain, the rich, who behave somewhat rationally, will stop producing.
Here I'll make a point which I believe to be a historic constant and to which we will be returning: If property rights of the rich are respected and tax rates, while high, still allow for indefinite gain, then the rich will keep producing.
They will simply complain about the tax rates and keep on working.
That is something like what I expect will happen, but on a worldwide scale.
Now, let me pose a different question: In the vastly-more-prosperous future, what will "working hard for our money" even mean?
I describe these three situations because each, in its own way, illustrates how I think the future will play out regarding income and wealth.
I think that incomes will rise dramatically to many times what they presently are, in real dollars.
In other words, the average person will make more money, pay a higher percentage as taxes, but still bring home vastly more than before.
Because human ability is distributed unevenly and technology multiplies ability of the talented, the spread between the rich and poor will rise more and more.
In a world where only one tool is invented, a hoe, there will be no billionaires.
So the poor will get richer, and the rich will get vastly richer.
In a world of economic superabundance, people will no longer tolerate poverty.
In that world, everyone will be guaranteed a minimum income.
This income will not be regarded as welfare.
It will be regarded as interest payments on the accumulated riches of one thousand years of technical and material progress.
It will be regarded as a dividend of the work of the one hundred prior generations that got the world to this point.
When all the factories run themselves, when energy is free, when scarcity is ended, when material needs are all met, it will be a different world.
This world will gradually come to us.
We will know it is coming when we see more and more jobs once filled by humans being filled by machines.
We will know it is coming when we see the prices of more products fall while their quality increases.
We will know it is coming when formerly scarce items, such as commodities, fall in price.
As we start heading toward this world without want, there will be sizable disruptions in the normal fabric of life.
Some people will have a hard time adjusting to the new reality.
As we consider the lot of those left behind, it becomes clearer how the end of scarcity will have a profound impact on the world.
When I talk about this future, a future in which machines will do more and more of the work people do now, I always get some variant of the same question: What about the people who lose their jobs to machines and don't have any other skills?
What will they do?
To the extent this world is a meritocracy, the most talented will be the movie star and the least talented will be hauling manure.
As I've already said, I believe we will be experiencing so much prosperity in the not-too-distant future that no one will have to work.
There will be so much wealth that a minimum income will be guaranteed to everyone.
It will be regarded as a human right—a dividend for being born a human being, your share of the inheritance that all the prior generations accumulated.
It will not be welfare (or, at least depending on how you define the term, it will not be perceived as welfare).
In the prosperous future, one group of people will rise to this challenge.
They will take advantage of the freedom from financial want that the modern age gives them and will focus on improving themselves and the world they live in.
When those are the paths people choose between in the future—a Star Trek path or a WALL·E path—some will choose one and some will choose the other.
But it is my belief that many more people will choose the first choice.
Freed from worry about losing a job they do not enjoy, encouraged to follow their dreams and passions, I believe most will want to do just that.
I think most people around the world will seek personal excellence.
But over time, these dehumanizing jobs are what will be "left behind," not the people who perform them.
The idea of having to "earn a living" will be completely foreign to us.
In the future, all people will be able to follow their passions without regard for market forces.
It is their right—but it is my belief that these people will be few.
As we transition from one set of economic realities to another, there will be severe disruptions along the way.
There is no such period and never will be.
As machines do ever more things that we used to do, we will have more choices for how we spend our time.
Social structures will change, and the purpose of education will be to learn to reason and find one's passion.
Jobs done by people will be only the ones that require uniquely human capabilities to do.
As technology enters its explosive period of growth, with the Internet and associated technologies flourishing in a Moore's-Law-like manner, it will create immense amounts of wealth.
And if history is an accurate guide, that wealth will be partially redistributed to the poor—even the poorest of the poor, the bottom billion.
Taxes will rise, and social programs will grow.
Poverty will be redefined upward until, for all intents and purposes, poverty as we know it today no longer will exist.
I reasoned that if I could show how poverty will end, then of course hunger would end as well—how many rich people do you hear about going hungry?
An important point to make here is this: Historically, the welfare state only emerges to solve problems that private charities either cannot or will not solve.
If someone notices that she gets a headache when she eats MSG—or artichokes, or grasshoppers—that first-person, anecdotal experience will shape her nutritional philosophy.
This makes a great deal of sense: If nutrition isn't governed by universal laws (as physics is) and instead affects different people differently, then the way you will know certain things is by learning through trial and error, through your own experience.
First, it is only useful for factors that are immediately bad for you, not factors that will kill you in ten years.
For instance, if you think large corporation are greedy and evil, then when you read about how large corporations produce low-nutrition food or are putting family farms out of business, you will believe it.
If you think "Western Medicine" is a business whose goal is to keep you sick to sell you medicines, you will tend to move away from genetically modified foods and favor organic.
The Internet will solve for this problem.
Computers, especially computers of the future, will have no trouble handling all the variables that influence nutrition, though there will be millions of them.
This will produce extremely specific nutritional information for just you, will add years to your life, and will increase its quality as well.
In the future, massive new amounts of information will begin to resolve the debate, instead of just adding noise to it as too often occurs today.
But in the future when we have more and better information, if it turns out that some of these methods are not net gains, we will know that and look elsewhere for solutions.
So the current frustrating situation, where so many people have such wildly divergent understandings about nutrition, will fade away.
Nations with high percentages of hungry citizens are not universally food exporters, and we will explore this more later.
The United Nations has estimated that earth's population will pass nine billion by 2050, and ten billion by 2100.
It is most unlikely that this process of improvement will not continue in the future.
Bringing an end to poverty, then, will also help bring an end to hunger.
You can be a subsistence farmer and perhaps produce some excess, but given the prior observation about the fundamental volatility of farming, you will always be at risk of not producing enough.
If poor nations decide to pursue what I will call the Japan strategy, importing all their food and developing other industry, then they become huge fans of farm subsidies in other countries.
In societies where a large percentage of income is necessary just to buy food, having volatile food prices will mean hunger sooner or later, no matter how good the factory jobs are.
When so many people farm and so much depends on it, innovation will happen.
When I use a term like factory farm, I am envisioning not what these things are now but what they will be.
The farm of the future will have neither.
It will be a massive, completely automated, robotic facility.
Only the decision making is left to the farmer—but in the near future, the decision making will be done better by computers.
The farm of the future will rotate crops automatically and decide which fields to leave fallow.
If the farm of the future plugs into the national grid, it will become part of the national food strategy and can be optimized for financial yield for the owners.
The system will see that just the right amounts of black-eyed peas, potatoes, and corn are grown.
How long will it be before the driver controls them remotely from his office?
By what logic would anyone assume it will not go to zero?
In the future, that will be easy.
Exportable technology can function around the world.
Because of its reliability, agriculture will become more like an exact science.
Second, some people will still want their food grown the old-fashioned way, just like how I buy heritage meats and heirloom seeds.
In fact, they will make food even greater.
Third, the day will come when the farm of the future will make a healthier, less expensive, more ecologically friendly, fresher, and better-tasting product.
But when the farm of tomorrow delivers on this holistic promise, I think all people will embrace it.
The proverbial "Little Timmy" will find it hard to believe that food isn't manufactured like electronics but grown like an animal.
Maybe it actually will be manufactured.
Long term, we will be better off manufacturing our food as opposed to growing it.
If I am ultimately proven wrong and the world rejects GM foods, we will still end hunger.
Second, the real promise of GM crops will not necessarily come about from the food industry.
Since one cannot have everything, seed makers invariably will make trade-offs that might be different than what I would make.
It will undoubtedly make the most profitable seeds possible but not necessarily the healthiest.
Presently, labeling of GMO content isn't a requirement—and since labeling is a complex and controversial issue that has no bearing on my thesis, I will pass it by.
This fuel, he believes, will be vastly better than anything we currently produce.
By taking this "Absolutely no GMOs" stance they completely remove themselves from the debate and as such have no voice in the discussion about what direction to take GM: what are safe testing practices, what factors will we optimize for, and the whole host of questions that face us on this, the eve of a momentous leap forward.
The Internet will greatly speed the research and, hopefully, the safety of GM foods.
Collaboration, communication, access to information, and the other advantages that the Internet brings will all come to bear here.
As we have reasoned, when the Internet and related technologies help bring an end to poverty, the end of poverty will largely solve the problem of hunger.
But the end of hunger also will be hastened by a host of Internet technologies that will dramatically change agriculture.
As noted previously, in the future much of what you do will leave a Digital Echo, a record of its occurrence, down to the very minutia of your life.
Part of this will be enabled by very cheap sensors embedded in the things you use.
This same technology will allow farming to be much, much more efficient.
If this sounds absurd, at present it is—but in the future, the price of technologies to do this will fall to nearly zero.
In the not too distant future, tiny robots will detect pests on produce and emit a signal to shoo them away.
And fascinating new ways to transport foods will keep them significantly fresher.
In the future, each plant will be on the Internet.
Everything that happens to it will be recorded.
When a promising new finding emerges, that information will be shared with other farms and those techniques will be tested there.
Farming will be done on such a scale that thousands of experiments can be happening at any one time, putting a tiny fraction of the produce at risk.
The speed and quality of those algorithms will get ever better.
These are the kinds of solutions that will change the world.
The access to information that mobile phones are bringing virtually everywhere on the planet is helping people raise their standard of living and will do so even more dramatically in the years to come.
But in the meantime, hunger will stay with us even in the world of plenty.
Eventually, I believe, food will be free.
I believe we will see the day when food is like that.
The full quote runs: "Necessitous men are not, truly speaking, free men, but, to answer a present exigency, will submit to any terms that the crafty may impose upon them."
You will have ended hunger in the United States.
In the United States, de Tocqueville's voluntary associations still do the job and anyone willing to make her way to a church or food pantry and say she is hungry will not leave empty handed.
As people grow wealthier (as the whole world will), they typically spend more money on food, though it is less as a percentage of overall income.
As the world grows richer, people will care more about how their food is made, how the animals are treated, whether the laborer who picked the food is paid a living wage.
But over time, as incomes around the world rise, people will migrate more and more to products associated with social practices that match their own ideals.
It will come about through sensors, genetic engineering, better information, better communication, and precision farming.
We will radically improve the primitive, inefficient process that agriculture is today.
We will learn to grow more crops in more places, and make great breakthroughs relating to our seeds and our systems.
With information, we will distribute better.
With satellites images, we will plan better.
With communications, we will grow more efficient.
As we understand our own genome better, we will know better how to eat in a way that is custom tailored for us.
As technology improves, all these processes and systems will improve and also fall in price.
Ever-increasing wealth will be generated by ever-faster technological advances.
The cost of food will fall to nearly zero as the number of farmers in the world falls to zero and food becomes as cheap as clean water.
All this will happen eventually, I believe, even if global hunger policy were not to change one iota.
But I also believe that hunger will end when we decide to end it, not only at the point when we are able to end it.
Now, I'm faced with explaining why the past was full of war but somehow the future will not be.
But in making the case that war can and will be ended, I have my work cut out for me.
Maybe you will agree it to be possible, but after reading this chapter, you will likely think it is improbable.
All right then, not the cavalry, but a marshaling of arguments and observations that will show how the end of war is inevitable, or nearly so.
No silver bullet is in this chapter, no "aha" insight that will instantly persuade you.
I outline forty-five different ways this will happen—surely enough that even if you don't agree with them all, you will still have plenty of reason to be optimistic.
I will spare my readers a description of this other than to say it is exactly what it sounds like.
This is not a defense of our present age; we will come to our own report card soon enough.
The very fact that we have debated in recent years whether we can use torture to get information that will save lives is a sign of the effects of civilization.
Ask people in what way they hope the world will become better and you will certainly get replies about reducing poverty, disease, and hunger.
It is through this civilizing process that I find hope we will end war.
We will see how this might come to pass—but first, let's ask whether it must.
Albert Einstein reflected this when he famously said, "I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones."
But in the future this will not be the case.
So realistically, we know that we either must end war, or face the prospect that war will end us.
I will not advise getting in touch with our feelings or even group hugs.
I will not propose that we should "give peace a chance."
My aim is to show you how war will end and convince you that the end of war is inevitable.
The flow of history will naturally end war.
If it can be demonstrated that in the future, peace will always be preferable to all nations, then war will end.
But I am making a case I believe I can defend and will begin by defining my terms.
The way to end war is not to set up some big world government or eliminate nation-states, which will always retain the right to take unilateral military action to defend themselves.
So, when I tell you we will see the end of war, if you are over thirty-five years of age, you have every reason to roll your eyes and tell me you have seen this movie before and aren't up for the sequel.
I can easily list a half-dozen reasons this goal will be difficult to achieve.
In the 1968 book The Lessons of History, Will and Ariel Durant calculated that, "In the last 3,421 years of recorded history only 268 have seen no war."
Just as there is no single cause of war, there will be no single way that war will end.
In this chapter, I offer forty-three developments, dynamics, and new realities I believe will work together to bring about an end to war.
Lest I try the patience of my readers, I will offer, in no particular order, forty-three that seem most worthy.
We will begin with the economic factors I believe will help end war, eleven in all.
These trends will continue into the foreseeable future.
The reasoning behind MAD was that if we can annihilate the Soviets or the Chinese and they in turn can annihilate us, then none of us will start a war.
I propose that peace will be maintained in the future by something I will call Mutually Assured Poverty, or MAP.
As the poorest nations become wealthier, they too will grow less and less inclined toward war.
Since the poorest nations will improve their financial conditions indefinitely, this is a long-term trend toward peace.
War disrupts this, and people will have little patience for it if there is not an extremely compelling reason for it.
This is not to say that businesses are so materialistic they will favor a war to get a government contract.
If the nation stays at peace, you will still sell the C2000.
This is simply another form of trade, so some might accuse me of double counting some of my forty-three reasons war will end.
If you visit Rome and make your way to the Forum, nearby you will see the Arch of Titus.
If the weak nation will not willingly do the bidding of the strong one, then it is made to.
The bully will now be more inclined to leave the kid alone.
Roughly a quarter of the way through our list of factors that will end war, we have reached the end of the economic ones.
We will avoid war because it is unprofitable; and while that is not a moral reason, any reason that brings peace is fine by me.
Now, let's move on to the political factors that will cause war to cease.
How will food be labeled?
The demise of war will be hastened when every impulse to war is regarded, at least initially, with a healthy measure of distrust.
As Alfred Einstein once observed, "Nothing will end war unless the people themselves refuse to go to war."
It will be difficult.
Well, here we are, not quite halfway through our list of ways the Internet, technology, and civilization will come together to end war.
Having covered the financial and political factors, let's look at thirteen ways communication and information will help bring about war's demise.
The World Wide Web will play an enormous role in ending war, on several levels.
It is the ultimate manifestation of the marketplace of ideas; the more people who proffer their ideas to the world, the better the outcome will be for us all.
Before it is all over, the number of Facebook accounts will exceed the number of people on the planet.
Everyone will be on Facebook, as will be every business, every idea, every brand, and all the people who were once members but have since passed away.
For instance, if you have a Facebook friend Abigail in Albania whom you only met once at a rock-paper-scissors competition years ago, you will generally regard Abigail's first-hand account as authoritative, even though you don't really know Abigail all that well.
Also, simply having a Facebook friend in Albania will tend to make you more interested in the events of Albania.
Seldom will one decide that war with a friend's nation is the only recourse.
According to Portio Research7.8 trillion SMS messages were sent in 2011, and it is expected that 2012's number will come in at ten trillion.
But if that is the case, they will fall in due course.
In just a few years, virtually all phones will be camera phones.
It will be English, although not really the English we speak today.
Imagine if today everyone spoke one language and I said that in the future we will speak hundreds of different languages and not be able to understand each other.
Everyone in the future will learn English because it will be the language of the Internet and thus the language of the world and commerce.
To be successful in the world, for a while both English and one's native tongue will be requirements.
And if everyone you know speaks English and it is the language of the world, commerce, the Internet, and success, what will be the primary language you teach your children?
Their "native language" will become their second language.
Then it will slowly die out.
These nations will play a substantial role in shaping this new English, as they bring grammatical structure, idioms, and nuanced words from their native tongue.
I don't think local customs and national characteristics will go away.
Nations will maintain their own traditions, holidays, music, idioms, diets, and a thousand things that make them different from other nations.
In the future, we will need no translators, because we will understand each other.
Computers will be able to reproduce them at will and hobbyists will still study them.
They will simply disappear from daily use.
It seems fitting to end this part of the list—ways that information and communication will help end war—by noting that every day, every moment, more and more people have access to the Internet.
By 2020, it is estimated that five billion people will be online, representing two-thirds the population of the planet.
The future German man will not just be a man of books, but a man of character.
This list goes on, but I will spare you.
Because young people generally understand and utilize technology better than older people, we will see a shift in power and influence toward the young.
If your father is American and your mother Chinese, you will have a different understanding of differences between those countries, and, on balance, will be less amenable to war between those nations.
When you have visited a place, you will find it harder to advocate its destruction.
More people using passports to travel internationally will increase understanding and help reduce touch points that could lead to war.
Come what may, the nationalist will stick by his country.
In the future, nations still will have differences.
But the critical question is, will they resort to war to resolve them?
I believe that increasingly, they will not.
In the end, violence will become obsolete.
We will live out the realization that, as Bertrand Russell said, "War does not determine who is right, only who is left."
War as the remedy will fall out of favor for the many reasons I outline above.
People will always try to get other people to do what they want them to.
We will have ended war with an honorable peace.
Shakespeare was undoubtedly the greatest master the English language has ever known and, quite probably, will ever know.
Hold that thought, as we will return to it.
So in the present and future, when a technology comes along that represents such a change—that saves details of our activities with which to advise us later, or has us speaking to machines as if they were creatures—it will simply be more of the same.
And it will come at no cost to our humanity.
Though the world foreseen in this book may seem far away to you, I believe it will be achieved—and once achieved, that it will grow in stability over time.
First, we will list the basics of my thesis about the future.
Then we will list the things that might derail us on the way to that future.
We are entering a point where technology will change at extreme speeds.
In the next eighteen months, we will double that.
Disease is a problem of technology; thus, its solution will be technological.
The availability and propagation of cheap sensors, cheap storage, and cheap computational cycles will allow humanity to develop a collective memory of the activities and outcomes of everyone on the planet.
Instead of relearning things over the course of centuries, people will be able to learn from the choices others have made.
The wealth created by technological advance will grow as fast as technology grows.
The world will still face many challenges, which we will discuss shortly.
Thousands of people research alternative energy because a breakthrough will change the world and make fortunes.
We all saw what happened on 9/11, and it is likely similar acts will occur in the future.
In spite of the massive benefits civilization offers to every person in every station of life, a crazy few will always see it very differently.
Their ability to inflict carnage will rise in the future.
As I see it, the grandchildren of those who would strap bombs on themselves today will not be rushing to imitate their elders.
So will everything be great?
A term, "techno-utopian," is often applied to people who believe a technology will bring about a perfect world.
We will end war by making peace more desirable.
Many technological problems I don't address in this book, but I believe technology will provide solutions for those also.
All these problems that technology will solve have made our underlying differences worse—but removing these problems will not eliminate those underlying differences.
I will end on that same topic.
Pessimism, quite frankly, will get us all killed.
My goal is not to convince people that the world will be perfect in the future.
Rather, I aim to show that the world will be what we make it to be.
If we have the will and if we do the work, we can make the world greater than we have ever imagined.
I think the technological leap beyond the next one will take us to the stars.
I think we will learn to conquer distance though a method of which we cannot yet conceive.
Atmospheres will form, then plants will be seeded, and then the colonists will arrive.
But we will see it begin to take shape and will know that we were there the moment the world changed.
Nancy will go with me.
Father will buy me a lovely new watch.
I will go to Boston in June and I will buy father gloves, and James nice collar, and Simpson cuffs.
I will nurse Nancy.
Mother will buy me lovely new aprons and dress to take to Boston.
I am coming to Boston in June to see little blind girls and I will come to see you.
I will not write more to-day.
Father will plant melons and peas and beans.
Cousin Bell will come to see us Saturday.
Mother will make ice-cream for dinner, we will have ice-cream and cake for dinner.
We will go to Boston in June.
Robert will come to see me Sunday when sun shines and I will have fun with him.
I will come to Memphis again to see Mr. Farris and Mrs. Graves and Mr. Mayo and Mr. Graves.
Next summer Mildred will go out in the garden with me and pick the big sweet strawberries and then she will be very happy.
I hope she will not eat too many of the delicious fruit for they will make her very ill.
Sometime will you please come to Alabama and visit me?
I hope Harry will not be afraid of my pony.
When I visit many strange countries my brother and Mildred will stay with grandmother because they will be too small to see a great many people and I think they would cry loud on the great rough ocean.
When Capt. Baker gets well he will take me in his big ship to Africa.
I will get a baby lion and a white monkey and a mild bear to bring home.
Will you please tell Harry to write me a very long letter soon?
When you come to Tuscumbia to see me I hope my father will have many sweet apples and juicy peaches and fine pears and delicious grapes and large water melons.
Pony's name was Mollie and I had a nice ride on her back; I was not afraid, I hope my uncle will get me a dear little pony and a little cart very soon.
Mr. Drew says little girls in China cannot talk on their fingers but I think when I go to China I will teach them.
My dear uncle Morrie,--I think you will be very glad to receive a letter from your dear little friend Helen.
I will tell you a little story about Plymouth.
Now I am very tired and I will rest.
I hope you will come to Alabama to visit me and I will take you to ride in my little cart and I think you will like to see me on my dear little pony's back.
If the sun shines brightly I will take you to see Leila and Eva and Bessie.
When I go to France I will take French.
I hope you will go with me to Athens to see the maid of Athens.
Will you please come to see me soon and take me to the theater?
I will teach Mildred many languages when I come home.
I hope you will come to see me soon, and stay a long time.
When she is older I will teach her many things if she is patient and obedient.
My teacher says, if children learn to be patient and gentle while they are little, that when they grow to be young ladies and gentlemen they will not forget to be kind and loving and brave.
In a few days the beautiful spring will be here.
He will not let anything harm us at night.
I hope you will please write to me from all the cities you visit.
We will have fine times together.
When you come home from Europe I hope you will be all well and very happy to get home again.
I will tell you what he did, and I think you will feel very sorry for the little child.
"I will stay with you," said she to the doll, although she was not at all courageous.
She is going home to rest, but she will come back to me next autumn.
But I am afraid you cannot come to Tuscumbia; so I will write to you, and send you a sweet kiss and my love.
I will write and tell you all the pleasant things we do.
Will you please send it to me?
Cousin Leila thinks he will walk in a little while.
Then I will take his soft chubby hand in mine, and go out in the bright sunshine with him.
He will pull the largest roses, and chase the gayest butterflies.
I will take very good care of him, and not let him fall and hurt himself.
I hope it will please you very much, because it makes me happy to send it.
I think mother will be glad to make the dress for you, and when you wear it you will look as pretty as a rose.
The picture-book will tell you all about many strange and wild animals.
I hope she will be very faithful, and brave, too.
I think she will laugh when I tell her she is a vertebrate, a mammal, a quadruped; and I shall be very sorry to tell her that she belongs to the order Carnivora.
I hope [you] will enjoy the Thanksgiving very much.
They will take me to see the Queen.
I hope you will like your watch-case, for it made me very happy to make it for you.
I imagine she will have fun with the little toy man.
I am going to have a Christmas tree in the parlor and teacher will hang all of my gifts upon it.
It will be a funny tree.
We will have great fun I am sure.
They are going to give me a lovely present, but I cannot guess what it will be.
I shall always keep them, and it will make me very happy to think that you found them, on that far away island, from which Columbus sailed to discover our dear country.
If my little sister comes to Boston next June, will you let me bring her to see you?
She is a lovely baby, and I am sure you will love her.
How glad my mother will be.
I will tell you all about it, for I remember my thoughts perfectly.
All of my friends will be so surprised and glad.
I hope you will write to your little friend when you have time.
You will come back to Boston I hope soon after I do.
Everybody will feel an interest in dear little Helen; everybody will want to do something for her; and, if she becomes an ancient, gray-haired woman, she is still sure of being thoughtfully cared for.
I hope the great ocean will love the new Helen, and let her sail over its blue waves peacefully.
Please tell the brave sailors, who have charge of the HELEN KELLER, that little Helen who stays at home will often think of them with loving thoughts.
But I cannot see you and talk to you, so I will write and tell you all that I can think of.
It is a very pretty story, and I will tell it to you some time.
Then the sun will appear in all his radiance and fill the world with light.
I wonder how many years there will be in eternity.
I hope your Christmas Day will be a very happy one and that the New Year will be full of brightness and joy for you and every one.
She wanted him brought to Boston, and when she was told that money would be needed to get him a teacher, she answered, "We will raise it."
Education will bring light and music into Tommy's soul, and then he cannot help being happy.
He is poor and helpless and lonely now, but before another April education will have brought light and gladness into Tommy's life.
If you do come, you will want to ask the kind people of Boston to help brighten Tommy's whole life.
I think you will like them too, so I will try to write them for you.
You will be glad to hear that Tommy has a kind lady to teach him, and that he is a pretty, active little fellow.
He cannot imagine how very, very happy he will be when he can tell us his thoughts, and we can tell him how we have loved him so long.
Tomorrow April will hide her tears and blushes beneath the flowers of lovely May.
I hope the glad news which you will tell them will make their hearts beat fast with joy and love.
I hope too, that Bishop Brooks' whole life will be as rich in happiness as the month of May is full of blossoms and singing birds.
I hope that good people will continue to work for Tommy until his fund is completed, and education has brought light and music into his little life.
I enclose a ticket, hoping that you will come.
I hope our kind friend Dr. Ellis will come too, and take Tom in his arms.
I will see you to-morrow and then we can make the rest of our plans.
Kind people will not disappoint me, when they know that I plead for helpless little children who live in darkness and ignorance.
My little brother, Phillips, is not well, and we think the clear mountain air will benefit him.
I send you with this letter a pretty book which my teacher thinks will interest you, and my picture.
I hope you will write to me as often as you can.
I hope when I visit Venice, as I surely shall some day, that Mr. Munsell will go with me.
...You know our kind teachers take us to see everything which they think will interest us, and we learn a great deal in that delightful way.
We will try to make you comfortable.
Perhaps our guardian angel gathers them up as we drop them, and will give them back to us in the beautiful sometime when we have grown wiser, and learned how to use them rightly.
You will be glad to hear that I passed my examinations successfully.
What an inexpressible joy it will be to read about Achilles, and Ulysses, and Andromache and Athene, and the rest of my old friends in their own glorious language!
You will think I'm pining away for my beloved Wrentham, which is true in one sense and not in another.
You will be glad to hear that I enjoy Mathematics now.
You will be glad to hear that the books from England are coming now.
My teacher's eyes are no better: indeed, I think they grow more troublesome, though she is very brave and patient, and will not give up.
She will not listen to me.
You will be glad to hear that my mother, and little sister and brother are coming north to spend this summer with me.
Why, when she enters a store, she will go straight to the showcases, and she can also distinguish her own things.
He is a great, strong boy now, and he will soon need a man to take care of him; he is really too big for a lady to manage.
I trust that the effort of The Great Round World to bring light to those who sit in darkness will receive the encouragement and support it so richly deserves.
I will ask Dr. Hale to lend me the letter, so that I can make a copy of it for you.
I know you will be amused when I tell you that I am deeply interested in politics.
What is remarkable in her career is already accomplished, and whatever she may do in the future will be but a relatively slight addition to the success which distinguishes her now.
The names of Laura Bridgman and Helen Keller will always be linked together, and it is necessary to understand what Dr. Howe did for his pupil before one comes to an account of Miss Sullivan's work.
I think, however, she will learn quickly enough by and by.
You will be glad to hear that my experiment is working out finely.
Then I let her decide whether she will sew or knit or crochet.
But when I spell into her hand, "Give me some bread," she hands me the bread, or if I say, "Get your hat and we will go to walk," she obeys instantly.
Whereas, if the child is left to himself, he will think more and better, if less showily.
I am sure these difficulties will take care of themselves.
I know that the education of this child will be the distinguishing event of my life, if I have the brains and perseverance to accomplish it.
She is no ordinary child, and people's interest in her education will be no ordinary interest.
I hope it will not occur to her to count the hairs of her head.
She will be seven years old the twenty-seventh of this month.
She will insist on having her hair put in curl papers when she is so sleepy she can scarcely stand.
Will you go with me and find Viney?
Helen's pencil-writing is excellent, as you will see from the enclosed letter, which she wrote for her own amusement.
I have two copies, and will send you one; but you mustn't show it to anybody.
She talks a great deal about what she will do when she goes to Boston.
This morning I happened to say, "Helen will go upstairs."
You will go upstairs.
You will see from her letter that she uses many pronouns correctly.
For a whole evening she will sit at the table writing whatever comes into her busy brain; and I seldom find any difficulty in reading what she has written.
She said to the keeper, "I will take the baby lions home and teach them to be mild."
Constant repetition makes it easier to learn how to spell a word.
When I told her that Santa Claus would not come until she was asleep, she shut her eyes and said, "He will think girl is asleep."
When she saw the braille slate and paper, she said, "I will write many letters, and I will thank Santa Claus very much."
"I will teach him," she said.
I said, "Very well, we will go shopping this afternoon."
She answered promptly, "I will pay ten cents."
What will you do with the dollar?
"I will buy some good candy to take to Tuscumbia," was her reply.
I will come to see you when the sun shines.
Robert and I will run and jump and hop and dance and swing and talk about birds and flowers and trees and grass and Jumbo and Pearl will go with us.
Teacher will say, We are silly.
I am going to Memphis to see them soon, and they will hug and kiss me.
Now, I will go to bed.
When it was time for the church service to begin, she was in such a state of excitement that I thought it best to take her away; but Captain Keller said, "No, she will be all right."
I think Mrs. Keller has definitely decided to go with us, but she will not stay all summer.
The next word that you receive from me will be in a yellow envelope, and it will tell you when we shall reach Boston.
On entering a greenhouse her countenance becomes radiant, and she will tell the names of the flowers with which she is familiar, by the sense of smell alone.
Will you give her yours?
She will handle the baby as tenderly as the most careful nurse could desire.
She has a very sociable disposition, and delights in the companionship of those who can follow the rapid motions of her fingers; but if left alone she will amuse herself for hours at a time with her knitting or sewing.
She is very fond of all the living things at home, and she will not have them unkindly treated.
When she is riding in the carriage she will not allow the driver to use the whip, because, she says, "poor horses will cry."
I will make pretty clothes for Nancy and Adeline and Allie.
Then I will have four children.
To show how quickly she perceives and associates ideas, I will give an instance which all who have read the book will be able to appreciate.
If I suggest her leaving a problem in arithmetic until the next day, she answers, "I think it will make my mind stronger to do it now."
Her mind works so rapidly, that it often happens, that when I give her an example she will give me the correct answer before I have time to write out the question.
Whenever any one asks me if she will understand this or that word I always reply: Never mind whether she understands each separate word of a sentence or not.
She will guess the meanings of the new words from their connection with others which are already intelligible to her.
She ran her fingers along the lines, finding the words she knew and guessing at the meaning of others, in a way that would convince the most conservative of educators that a little deaf child, if given the opportunity, will learn to read as easily and naturally as ordinary children.
The daisies and the pansies will think I have forgotten them.
"No one knows what the soul is like," I replied; "but we know that it is not the body, and it is that part of us which thinks and loves and hopes."
"But if I write what my soul thinks," she said, "then it will be visible, and the words will be its body."
Teach them to think and read and talk without self-repression, and they will write because they cannot help it.
Children will educate themselves under right conditions.
I know that this idea will be vigorously combated by those who conduct schools for the deaf.
Miss Keller will never be able, I believe, to speak loud without destroying the pleasant quality and the distinctness of her words, but she can do much to make her speech clearer.
It will be seen that they contain three vowel and six consonant elements, and these formed the foundation for her first real lesson in speaking.
About the same time, in a letter to a friend, in which she makes mention of her Southern home, she gives so close a reproduction from a poem by one of her favourite authors that I will give extracts from Helen's letter and from the poem itself:
No one shall be allowed to think it was anything wrong; and some day she will write a great, beautiful story or poem that will make many people happy.
If you do, perhaps I will dream again for you some time.
I will tell you how King Frost first thought of this kind work, for it is a strange story.
"He will know how to make good use of the treasure," added Jack Frost; then he told the fairies not to loiter by the way, but to do his bidding quickly.
The old King will welcome you kindly, for he loves children, and it is his chief delight to give them pleasure.
I will tell you how King Frost happened to think of painting the leaves, for it is a strange story.
"I will send my treasures to Santa Claus," said the King to himself.
I do not feel that I can add anything more that will be of interest.
Most people will feel the superior imaginative quality of Helen Keller's opening paragraph.
Words often make the thought, and the master of words will say things greater than are in him.
The enemy will find it out.
When you have got my ornaments ready, I will wear them.
I will endeavor to speak a good word for the truth.
I say to my friend, Suppose we try who will get there first.
You will in the meanwhile have earned your fare, and arrive there some time tomorrow, or possibly this evening, if you are lucky enough to get a job in season.
Instead of going to Fitchburg, you will be working here the greater part of the day.
Even those who seem for a long while not to have any, if you inquire more narrowly you will find have some stored in somebody's barn.
If a man has faith, he will co-operate with equal faith everywhere; if he has not faith, he will continue to live like the rest of the world, whatever company he is joined to.
I can find you a Newfoundland dog that will do as much.
If you give him money, he will perhaps buy more rags with it.
The oftener you go there the more it will please you, if it is good.
If we do not get out sleepers, and forge rails, and devote days and nights to the work, but go to tinkering upon our lives to improve them, who will build railroads?
But if we stay at home and mind our business, who will want railroads?
God himself culminates in the present moment, and will never be more divine in the lapse of all the ages.
We will consider what kind of music they are like.
I think that the richest vein is somewhere hereabouts; so by the divining-rod and thin rising vapors I judge; and here I will begin to mine.
To read well, that is, to read true books in a true spirit, is a noble exercise, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem.
They have no cause of their own to plead, but while they enlighten and sustain the reader his common sense will not refuse them.
It will be soon enough to forget them when we have the learning and the genius which will enable us to attend to and appreciate them.
The next time the novelist rings the bell I will not stir though the meeting-house burn down.
One who has just come from reading perhaps one of the best English books will find how many with whom he can converse about it?
The book exists for us, perchance, which will explain our miracles and reveal new ones.
I do not wish to flatter my townsmen, nor to be flattered by them, for that will not advance either of us.
Let the reports of all the learned societies come to us, and we will see if they know anything.
The rays which stream through the shutter will be no longer remembered when the shutter is wholly removed.
Will you be a reader, a student merely, or a seer?
The natural day is very calm, and will hardly reprove his indolence.
Follow your genius closely enough, and it will not fail to show you a fresh prospect every hour.
Next rolls Thomaston lime, a prime lot, which will get far among the hills before it gets slacked.
They will not be in at the death.
The bullfrogs trump to usher in the night, and the note of the whip-poor-will is borne on the rippling wind from over the water.
What is the pill which will keep us well, serene, contented?
It is surprising how many great men and women a small house will contain.
As for men, they will hardly fail one anywhere.
"Good Lord"--said he, "a man that has to work as I do, if he does not forget the ideas he has had, he will do well.
One man, perhaps, if he has got enough, will be satisfied to sit all day with his back to the fire and his belly to the table, by George!
It was the Lord's will, I suppose.
Soon, however, the remaining beans will be too tough for them, and go forward to meet new foes.
Commonly men will only be brave as their fathers were brave, or timid.
Often in a snow-storm, even by day, one will come out upon a well-known road and yet find it impossible to tell which way leads to the village.
Love virtue, and the people will be virtuous.
It is well known that a large plate of glass will have a green tint, owing, as the makers say, to its "body," but a small piece of the same will be colorless.
The shore is composed of a belt of smooth rounded white stones like paving-stones, excepting one or two short sand beaches, and is so steep that in many places a single leap will carry you into water over your head; and were it not for its remarkable transparency, that would be the last to be seen of its bottom till it rose on the opposite side.
The ornamented grounds of villas which will one day be built here may still preserve some trace of this.
It is wonderful with what elaborateness this simple fact is advertised--this piscine murder will out--and from my distant perch I distinguish the circling undulations when they are half a dozen rods in diameter.
It is a mirror which no stone can crack, whose quicksilver will never wear off, whose gilding Nature continually repairs; no storms, no dust, can dim its surface ever fresh;--a mirror in which all impurity presented to it sinks, swept and dusted by the sun's hazy brush--this the light dust-cloth--which retains no breath that is breathed on it, but sends its own to float as clouds high above its surface, and be reflected in its bosom still.
He rounded this water with his hand, deepened and clarified it in his thought, and in his will bequeathed it to Concord.
A man will not need to study history to find out what is best for his own culture.
Grow wild according to thy nature, like these sedges and brakes, which will never become English bay.
Poor John Field!--I trust he does not read this, unless he will improve by it--thinking to live by some derivative old-country mode in this primitive new country--to catch perch with shiners.
But put an extra condiment into your dish, and it will poison you.
It may be vain to ask why the imagination will not be reconciled to flesh and fat.
The faintest assured objection which one healthy man feels will at length prevail over the arguments and customs of mankind.
Such apparently slight causes destroyed Greece and Rome, and will destroy England and America.
Why will men worry themselves so?
My brown bread will soon be gone.
I will go with you gladly soon, but I am just concluding a serious meditation.
Or, if you choose to go farther, it will not be unwise, for I have found the increase of fair bait to be very nearly as the squares of the distances.
When they make us an offer, is it wise to say, We will think of it?
I will just try these three sentences of Confut-see; they may fetch that state about again.
The parent will sometimes roll and spin round before you in such a dishabille, that you cannot, for a few moments, detect what kind of creature it is.
It is said that when hatched by a hen they will directly disperse on some alarm, and so are lost, for they never hear the mother's call which gathers them again.
Suddenly your adversary's checker disappears beneath the board, and the problem is to place yours nearest to where his will appear again.
Cato says, the master of a family (patremfamilias) must have in his rustic villa "cellam oleariam, vinariam, dolia multa, uti lubeat caritatem expectare, et rei, et virtuti, et gloriae erit," that is, "an oil and wine cellar, many casks, so that it may be pleasant to expect hard times; it will be for his advantage, and virtue, and glory."
After all our discoveries and inventions no man will go by a pile of wood.
Stumps thirty or forty years old, at least, will still be sound at the core, though the sapwood has all become vegetable mould, as appears by the scales of the thick bark forming a ring level with the earth four or five inches distant from the heart.
It will soon be forgotten, in these days of stoves, that we used to roast potatoes in the ashes, after the Indian fashion.
Again, perhaps, Nature will try, with me for a first settler, and my house raised last spring to be the oldest in the hamlet.
The soil is blanched and accursed there, and before that becomes necessary the earth itself will be destroyed.
His words and attitude always suppose a better state of things than other men are acquainted with, and he will be the last man to be disappointed as the ages revolve.
But though comparatively disregarded now, when his day comes, laws unsuspected by most will take effect, and masters of families and rulers will come to him for advice.
They will come regularly every evening to particular trees, where the cunning sportsman lies in wait for them, and the distant orchards next the woods suffer thus not a little.
Sometimes, however, he will run upon a wall many rods, and then leap off far to one side, and he appears to know that water will not retain his scent.
Thus they circle until they fall upon the recent trail of a fox, for a wise hound will forsake everything else for this.
It is remarkable how long men will believe in the bottomlessness of a pond without taking the trouble to sound it.
While men believe in the infinite some ponds will be thought to be bottomless.
But if, using the shortest diameter of Loch Fyne, we apply these proportions to Walden, which, as we have seen, appears already in a vertical section only like a shallow plate, it will appear four times as shallow.
So, probably, the depth of the ocean will be found to be very inconsiderable compared with its breadth.
Such a rule of the two diameters not only guides us toward the sun in the system and the heart in man, but draws lines through the length and breadth of the aggregate of a man's particular daily behaviors and waves of life into his coves and inlets, and where they intersect will be the height or depth of his character.
It may be that he lays up no treasures in this world which will cool his summer drink in the next.
I have noticed that a portion of Walden which in the state of water was green will often, when frozen, appear from the same point of view blue.
So the hollows about this pond will, sometimes, in the winter, be filled with a greenish water somewhat like its own, but the next day will have frozen blue.
What Champollion will decipher this hieroglyphic for us, that we may turn over a new leaf at last?
Its throes will heave our exuviae from their graves.
You may melt your metals and cast them into the most beautiful moulds you can; they will never excite me like the forms which this molten earth flows out into.
Its pleadings will not bear to be stereotyped.
On the third or fourth of May I saw a loon in the pond, and during the first week of the month I heard the whip-poor-will, the brown thrasher, the veery, the wood pewee, the chewink, and other birds.
I learned this, at least, by my experiment: that if one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours.
While England endeavors to cure the potato-rot, will not any endeavor to cure the brain-rot, which prevails so much more widely and fatally?
We will not be shipwrecked on a vain reality.
No face which we can give to a matter will stead us so well at last as the truth.
The fault-finder will find faults even in paradise.
God will see that you do not want society.
I would not be one of those who will foolishly drive a nail into mere lath and plastering; such a deed would keep me awake nights.
So will help you God, and so only.
Who knows what sort of seventeen-year locust will next come out of the ground?
It may rise this year higher than man has ever known it, and flood the parched uplands; even this may be the eventful year, which will drown out all our muskrats.
Carried out, it finally amounts to this, which also I believe,--"That government is best which governs not at all"; and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have.
The government itself, which is only the mode which the people have chosen to execute their will, is equally liable to be abused and perverted before the people can act through it.
Let every man make known what kind of government would command his respect, and that will be one step toward obtaining it.
It is not so important that many should be as good as you, as that there be some absolute goodness somewhere; for that will leaven the whole lump.
They will wait, well disposed, for others to remedy the evil, that they may no longer have it to regret.
A wise man will not leave the right to the mercy of chance, nor wish it to prevail through the power of the majority.
When the majority shall at length vote for the abolition of slavery, it will be because they are indifferent to slavery, or because there is but little slavery left to be abolished by their vote.
They will then be the only slaves.
They take too much time, and a man's life will be gone.
A man may grow rich in Turkey even, if he will be in all respects a good subject of the Turkish government.
I will breathe after my own fashion.
In fact, I quietly declare war with the State, after my fashion, though I will still make what use and get what advantage of her I can, as is usual in such cases.
He will save Europe!
She will go to the country.
I think it will be difficult to return to the old regime.
"He's a low fellow, say what you will," remarked Prince Hippolyte.
"Go in, Annette, or you will catch cold," said the little princess, taking leave of Anna Pavlovna.
"They say the ball will be very good," replied the princess, drawing up her downy little lip.
All the pretty women in society will be there.
She will be quite ill now, said Prince Andrew, as he entered the study, rubbing his small white hands.
I will agree to anything.
Write to me all about it, and I will help you in everything.
Very likely it would be splendid, but it will never come about...
Marry when you are old and good for nothing--or all that is good and noble in you will be lost.
It will all be wasted on trifles.
Choose what you will; it's all the same.
Fifty imperials... that I will drink a whole bottle of rum without taking it from my mouth, sitting outside the window on this spot" (he stooped and pointed to the sloping ledge outside the window) "and without holding on to anything.
If anyone else does the same, I will pay him a hundred imperials.
"If anyone comes meddling again," said he, emitting the words separately through his thin compressed lips, "I will throw him down there.
I hope that here in Moscow no one will receive him, in spite of his money.
"What will happen now?" thought she.
And I will prove it to you.
In another four years... then I will ask for your hand.
"With you I will be quite frank," said Anna Mikhaylovna.
"Surely he will leave something to Boris," said the countess.
Still, I will take Boris and go to see him at once, and I shall speak to him straight out.
Let people think what they will of me, it's really all the same to me when my son's fate is at stake.
There will just be time.
We will see how Taras distinguishes himself today.
He says Count Orlov never gave such a dinner as ours will be!
But I have promised and will do it for your sake.
Believe me, Prince, a mother's heart will never forget what you have done for us.
Pierre stood looking at the sisters; then he bowed and said: Then I will go to my rooms.
You will let me know when I can see him.
He sent for Pierre and said to him: My dear fellow, if you are going to behave here as you did in Petersburg, you will end very badly; that is all I have to say to you.
The English will come off badly, you know, if Napoleon gets across the Channel.
Everybody is wondering to whom the count will leave his fortune, though he may perhaps outlive us all, as I sincerely hope he will...
Will you come to dinner at the Rostovs'?
"And so you think Napoleon will manage to get an army across?" asked Boris with a smile.
I will come and spend the night.
Perhaps God will help me to find a way to prepare him!...
The will will show that, my dear; our fate also depends on it.
But why do you expect that he will leave us anything?
Hey, who's there? he called out in a tone only used by persons who are certain that those they call will rush to obey the summons.
He has stopped Austria's cackle and I fear it will be our turn next.
"I will," replied Natasha.
And all will come right and she won't say anything to Mamma.
Nicholas will tell her himself, and he doesn't care at all for Julie.
"And who will inherit his wealth?" he added in a whisper.
But... in short, the fact is... you know yourself that last winter the count made a will by which he left all his property, not to us his direct heirs, but to Pierre.
If not, then as soon as all is over," and Prince Vasili sighed to intimate what he meant by the words all is over, "and the count's papers are opened, the will and letter will be delivered to the Emperor, and the petition will certainly be granted.
Pierre will get everything as the legitimate son.
He will then be the legal heir to everything and you won't get anything.
"Do you or do you not know where that will is?" insisted Prince Vasili, his cheeks twitching more than ever.
Tell me all you know about the will, and above all where it is.
We will take it at once and show it to the count.
He has, no doubt, forgotten it and will wish to destroy it.
But I will give her a piece of my mind.
The time will come!
I will look after your interests, said she in reply to his look, and went still faster along the passage.
His face wore a calm look of piety and resignation to the will of God.
Certainly he must be moved onto the bed; here it will be impossible...
Go and take something, my poor Anna Mikhaylovna, or you will not hold out.
All I know is that his real will is in his writing table, and this is a paper he has forgotten....
I think he will not be out of place in a family consultation; is it not so, Prince?
I will take the responsibility.
I myself will go and ask him, I!... does that satisfy you?
"Remember that you will answer for the consequences," said Prince Vasili severely.
All will end in death, all!
Come, I will go with you.
The will has not yet been opened.
I know you well enough to be sure that this will not turn your head, but it imposes duties on you, and you must be a man.
I hope, my dear friend, you will carry out your father's wish?
It will drive all the nonsense out of your head.
I will confess to you, dear Mary, that in spite of his extreme youth his departure for the army was a great grief to me.
Someday I will tell you about our parting and all that was said then.
But you will understand that I have no desire for the post.
I don't know what you will think of it, but I consider it my duty to let you know of it.
He says the count was the last representative but one of the great century, and that it is his own turn now, but that he will do all he can to let his turn come as late as possible.
So young, and burdened with such riches--to what temptations he will be exposed!
In regard to this project of marriage for me, I will tell you, dear sweet friend, that I look on marriage as a divine institution to which we must conform.
He will get up in twenty minutes.
Though I don't know what your opinion will be, answered the princess joyfully.
Princess Mary will take her there and show her over, and they'll talk nineteen to the dozen.
How will they cross Pomerania?
Well, Michael Ivanovich, our Bonaparte will be having a bad time of it.
May God help you, but we'll see what will happen.
I will tell you the truth, Andrew... is Father's way of treating religious subjects.
No--promise that you will not refuse!
It will give you no trouble and is nothing unworthy of you, but it will comfort me.
Andrew, I bless you with this icon and you must promise me you will never take it off.
Know this, Masha: I can't reproach, have not reproached, and never shall reproach my wife with anything, and I cannot reproach myself with anything in regard to her; and that always will be so in whatever circumstances I may be placed.
I will do everything.
You will find them useful.
"I will do it all, Father," he said.
"Remember this, Prince Andrew, if they kill you it will hurt me, your old father..." he paused unexpectedly, and then in a querulous voice suddenly shrieked: "but if I hear that you have not behaved like a son of Nicholas Bolkonski, I shall be ashamed!"
You will soon be dressing your men in petticoats!
I hope this will be a lesson to you.
"I will, your excellency," said Timokhin, showing by his smile that he understood his commander's wish.
See, the fifth company is turning into the village already... they will have their buckwheat cooked before we reach our quarters.
I know by now, if he wins he comes back early to brag about it, but if he stays out till morning it means he's lost and will come back in a rage.
Will you have coffee?
I'll flay this scoundwel alive, and it will be found.
"I will allow no one to call me a liar!" cried Rostov.
"So they will," said Nesvitski.
Now then, let's see how far it will carry, Captain.
"Colonel," interrupted the officer of the suite, "You must be quick or the enemy will bring up his guns to use grapeshot."
"I will the bridge fire," he said in a solemn tone as if to announce that in spite of all the unpleasantness he had to endure he would still do the right thing.
Will they burn the bridge or not?
Will they get there and fire the bridge or will the French get within grapeshot range and wipe them out?
Will they get there and fire the bridge or will the French get within grapeshot range and wipe them out?
"Ugh. The hussars will get it hot!" said Nesvitski; "they are within grapeshot range now."
There you will find the adjutant on duty, said the official.
He will conduct you to the Minister of War.
His Majesty will no doubt wish to see you, but not today.
However, I will let you know.
His Majesty will probably desire to see you, he added, bowing his head.
Bring us nice news of a victory by the Archduke Karl or Ferdinand (one archduke's as good as another, as you know) and even if it is only over a fire brigade of Bonaparte's, that will be another story and we'll fire off some cannon!
If Prussia joins the Allies, Austria's hand will be forced and there will be war.
"Wait, I have not finished..." he said to Prince Andrew, seizing him by the arm, "I believe that intervention will be stronger than nonintervention.
That is how it will end.
He has a passion for giving audiences, but he does not like talking himself and can't do it, as you will see.
Why, the French have crossed the bridge that Auersperg was defending, and the bridge was not blown up: so Murat is now rushing along the road to Brunn and will be here in a day or two.
It will be cut off, said he.
But it will please our sovereign the Emperor Napoleon if we take this bridge, so let us three go and take it!' 'Yes, let's!' say the others.
But as you are a philosopher, be a consistent one, look at the other side of the question and you will see that your duty, on the contrary, is to take care of yourself.
You and I will travel comfortably in my caleche.
You are faced by one of two things," and the skin over his left temple puckered, "either you will not reach your regiment before peace is concluded, or you will share defeat and disgrace with Kutuzov's whole army."
What will become of us?
"However, there will hardly be an engagement today," said Bagration as if to reassure Prince Andrew.
"Yes, let's go in and I will get myself a roll and some cheese," said Prince Andrew who had not yet had time to eat anything.
The alarm will be sounded and you'll be in a pretty position without your boots!
"Thank you very much, I will go on alone," said Prince Andrew, wishing to rid himself of this staff officer's company, "please don't trouble yourself further."
The Emperor will teach your Suvara as he has taught the others...
But where and how will my Toulon present itself?
"Lift it two lines more and it will be just right," cried he in a feeble voice to which he tried to impart a dashing note, ill-suited to his weak figure.
Prince Andrew listened attentively to Bagration's colloquies with the commanding officers and the orders he gave them and, to his surprise, found that no orders were really given, but that Prince Bagration tried to make it appear that everything done by necessity, by accident, or by the will of subordinate commanders was done, if not by his direct command, at least in accord with his intentions.
Prince Andrew noticed, however, that though what happened was due to chance and was independent of the commander's will, owing to the tact Bagration showed, his presence was very valuable.
"Oh, how I will slash at him!" thought Rostov, gripping the hilt of his saber.
They will help me!
Can it be that they will take me too?
I beg you will remember this, your excellency!
When I saw, your excellency, that their first battalion was disorganized, I stopped in the road and thought: 'I'll let them come on and will meet them with the fire of the whole battalion'--and that's what I did.
"And, if your excellency will allow me to express my opinion," he continued, "we owe today's success chiefly to the action of that battery and the heroic endurance of Captain Tushin and his company," and without awaiting a reply, Prince Andrew rose and left the table.
And when will all this end? thought Rostov, looking at the changing shadows before him.
But you will see everything for yourself when you get to Petersburg.
"Well, I will leave you in your little corner," came Anna Pavlovna's voice, "I see you are all right there."
"If you marry it will be a different thing," she continued, uniting them both in one glance.
The day after tomorrow will be Lelya's name day.
I will invite two or three people, and if he does not understand what he ought to do then it will be my affair--yes, my affair.
He wished to take a decision, but felt with dismay that in this matter he lacked that strength of will which he had known in himself and really possessed.
Prince Vasili mimicked the sobbing of Sergey Kuzmich and at the same time his eyes glanced toward his daughter, and while he laughed the expression on his face clearly said: "Yes... it's getting on, it will all be settled today."
They are all expecting it, they are so sure that it will happen that I cannot, I cannot, disappoint them.
But how will it be?
I do not know, but it will certainly happen! thought Pierre, glancing at those dazzling shoulders close to his eyes.
That Princess Helene will be beautiful still when she's fifty.
I loved your father... and she will make you a good wife...
"It seems that there will be no need to bring Mary out, suitors are coming to us of their own accord," incautiously remarked the little princess on hearing the news.
She thought: "If I seem not to notice he will think that I do not sympathize with him; if I seem sad and out of spirits myself, he will say (as he has done before) that I'm in the dumps."
"No, it will not do," she said decidedly, clasping her hands.
"You will change it, won't you?" said Lise.
The prince will be out in a moment, came the maid's voice at the door.
If it be God's will to prove thee in the duties of marriage, be ready to fulfill His will.
What could all that matter in comparison with the will of God, without Whose care not a hair of man's head can fall?
I will ask her tomorrow in your presence; if she is willing, then he can stay on.
When your father writes to tell me that you are behaving well I will give you my hand to kiss.
He will take you with your dowry and take Mademoiselle Bourienne into the bargain.
He receives his orders and will marry you or anybody; but you are free to choose....
I know you will pray over it.
I love you more than ever," said Princess Mary, "and I will try to do all I can for your happiness."
I will go to my father, she said, and went out.
But, my dear, will you not give us a little hope of touching this heart, so kind and generous?
And cost what it may, I will arrange poor Amelie's happiness, she loves him so passionately, and so passionately repents.
I will do all I can to arrange the match between them.
If he is not rich I will give her the means; I will ask my father and Andrew.
I will, I will, only tell me!
Then I will go and tell at once.
I think if he writes, I will write too, she said, blushing.
"As to your business," Prince Andrew continued, addressing Boris, "we will talk of it later" (and he looked round at Rostov).
Come to me after the review and we will do what is possible.
You have earned the St. George's standards and will be worthy of them.
God grant that the one that will result from it will be as victorious!
We will all die for him gladly!
But they heard him at the council of war and will hear him when he talks sense, but to temporize and wait for something now when Bonaparte fears nothing so much as a general battle is impossible.
"I will do so," said Prince Andrew, moving away from the map.
Kutuzov looked sternly at his adjutant and, after a pause, replied: I think the battle will be lost, and so I told Count Tolstoy and asked him to tell the Emperor.
All these memories will be no more, none of them will have any meaning for me.
"Well then," Prince Andrew answered himself, "I don't know what will happen and don't want to know, and can't, but if I want this--want glory, want to be known to men, want to be loved by them, it is not my fault that I want it and want nothing but that and live only for that.
What a nuisance that our squadron will be in reserve tomorrow, he thought.
I will give the order.
The position we occupy is a strong one, and while they are marching to go round me on the right they will expose a flank to me.
I will myself direct your battalions.
He will not get away before the Frenchman remembers his bayonet and stabs him....
"How it will be there I don't know, but all will be well!" thought Rostov.
It will soon be over, it can't be that, it can't be!
"Take this road, your honor, that way you will be killed at once!" a soldier shouted to him.
The first words he heard on coming to his senses were those of a French convoy officer, who said rapidly: "We must halt here: the Emperor will pass here immediately; it will please him to see these gentlemen prisoners."
Young man, you will go far!
"He is a nervous, bilious subject," said Larrey, "and will not recover."
I'll never marry anyone, but will be a dancer.
There will be time enough to think about love when I want to, but now I have no time.
But still tell him to come to the club--it will all blow over.
It will be a tremendous banquet.
Well, I will read them, then!
"There will be many toasts, it's time to begin," he whispered, and taking up his glass, he rose.
If you are going to fight a duel, and you make a will and write affectionate letters to your parents, and if you think you may be killed, you are a fool and are lost for certain.
But go with the firm intention of killing your man as quickly and surely as possible, and then all will be right, as our bear huntsman at Kostroma used to tell me.
Either I shall kill him, or he will hit me in the head, or elbow, or knee.
But just at moments when such thoughts occurred to him, he would ask in a particularly calm and absent-minded way, which inspired the respect of the onlookers, Will it be long?
What will be the result?
That I shall be the laughingstock of all Moscow, that everyone will say that you, drunk and not knowing what you were about, challenged a man you are jealous of without cause.
And believe me, if I still value my life it is only because I still hope to meet such a divine creature, who will regenerate, purify, and elevate me.
"There's nothing for me to understand," she cried out with resolute self-will, "he is wicked and heartless.
Nicholas, will you come to Iogel's?
Do you know, Nicholas--don't be angry--but I know you will not marry her.
"How sweet she is--she will be a weal beauty!" said Denisov.
I'll just finish dealing, and then Ilyushka will come with his chorus.
With a sinking heart he watched Dolokhov's hands and thought, "Now then, make haste and let me have this card and I'll take my cap and drive home to supper with Denisov, Natasha, and Sonya, and will certainly never touch a card again."
Surely it will all end in nothing!
I only want to see whether you will let me win this ten, or beat it.
Will Papa be back soon?
How will she take that si?
"Yes, yes," he muttered, "it will be difficult, I fear, difficult to raise... happens to everybody!
No, I will do it myself, only tell me what to say.
I will tell him myself, and you'll listen at the door, and Natasha ran across the drawing room to the dancing hall, where Denisov was sitting on the same chair by the clavichord with his face in his hands.
Will you have the portmanteaus brought in?
The answer was: You'll die and all will end.
Will you not rest here?
"When you hear a knock at the door, you will uncover your eyes," added Willarski.
"Very well," said Smolyaninov, and went on at once: "Have you any idea of the means by which our holy Order will help you to reach your aim?" said he quietly and quickly.
Think this over and I will come to you again.
(He now felt so glad to be free from his own lawlessness and to submit his will to those who knew the indubitable truth.)
You will perhaps also see in your further initiation a like method of enlightenment.
This gift will be a pledge of your purity of heart to her whom you select to be your worthy helpmeet in Masonry.
Let us write her a letter at once, and she'll come here and all will be explained, or else, my dear boy, let me tell you it's quite likely you'll have to suffer for it.
* "Europe will never be our sincere ally."
It will give me great pleasure.
I myself will remain in hospital at Ostrolenka till I recover.
The Emperor proposes to give all commanders of divisions the right to shoot marauders, but I much fear this will oblige one half the army to shoot the other.
I will introduce you to her.
We will go after dinner.
Pierre blushed, as he always did when it was mentioned, and said hurriedly: I will tell you some time how it all happened.
Men always did and always will err, and in nothing more than in what they consider right and wrong.
He will drag about as a cripple, a burden to everybody, for another ten years.
You say: join our brotherhood and we will show you the aim of life, the destiny of man, and the laws which govern the world.
It will serve her right, she will be confused, but you will see her 'God's folk.'
And he dreamed that the Holy Virgin Mother of the Kiev catacombs came to him and said, 'Believe in me and I will make you whole.'
God will punish you, she said admonishingly, turning to Pierre.
Drain the blood from men's veins and put in water instead, then there will be no more war!
You will answer for it, Captain.
If not, as the demand was booked against an infantry regiment, there will be a row and the affair may end badly.
Then he says: 'Go and give a weceipt to the commissioner, but your affair will be passed on to headquarters.'
They say great rewards will now be distributed, and surely a pardon would be granted....
He knew his stubborn will and straightforward hasty temper.
"You will go far," he said, and took him to Tilsit with him.
On the contrary, I will do what I can.
I will fall at his feet and beseech him.
He will lift me up, will listen, and will even thank me.
"Will Your Majesty allow me to consult the colonel?" said Alexander and took a few hasty steps toward Prince Kozlovski, the commander of the battalion.
Tomorrow, I hear, the Preobrazhenskis will give them a dinner.
Tomorrow our Emperor will send a St. George's Cross to the bravest of the French Guards.
If once we begin judging and arguing about everything, nothing sacred will be left!
Who will plow the land if they are set free?
Just the same as now--I ask you, Count--who will be heads of the departments when everybody has to pass examinations?
Mary spent time writing her will so that her family would know what they will inherit after she passes away.
I hope you will find him sympathetic and ready to co- operate in promoting all that is reasonable.
"If you will do me the honor of calling on me on Wednesday," he added, "I will, after talking with Magnitski, let you know what may interest you, and shall also have the pleasure of a more detailed chat with you."
As soon as we have a certain number of worthy men in every state, each of them again training two others and all being closely united, everything will be possible for our order, which has already in secret accomplished much for the welfare of mankind.
Well, you will be coming," he was going to say, "to dine," but changed his mind and said "to take tea with us," and quickly doubling up his tongue he blew a small round ring of tobacco smoke, perfectly embodying his dream of happiness.
She was finishing her last prayer: "Can it be that this couch will be my grave?"
Because I know it will end in nothing....
"Whenever will you be ready?" asked the count coming to the door.
I hear they will marry him to that rich girl.
She was not concerned about the Emperor or any of those great people whom Peronskaya was pointing out--she had but one thought: Is it possible no one will ask me, that I shall not be among the first to dance?
Is it possible that not one of all these men will notice me?
"Excuse me!" he added, turning to the baron, "we will finish this conversation elsewhere--at a ball one must dance."
"If she goes to her cousin first and then to another lady, she will be my wife," said Prince Andrew to himself quite to his own surprise, as he watched her.
So you will do me the favor.
"I... but no, I will talk to you later on," and with a strange light in his eyes and restlessness in his movements, Prince Andrew approached Natasha and sat down beside her.
And I am sure there will not be a happier man than you.
I will call you, said the countess in a whisper.
I hope... but it will depend on her....
I will speak to her when I have your consent....
"I will send her to you," said the countess, and left the room.
"Hard as this year which delays my happiness will be," continued Prince Andrew, "it will give you time to be sure of yourself.
In a year you will learn to know yourself....
Religion, and religion alone, can--I will not say comfort us--but save us from despair.
As it is, not only has she left us, and particularly Prince Andrew, with the purest regrets and memories, but probably she will there receive a place I dare not hope for myself.
And His will is governed only by infinite love for us, and so whatever befalls us is for our good.
You will be surprised to hear that the reason for this is Buonaparte!
In any case it will be decided very shortly.
I hope it will cure him.
I do not think my brother will ever marry again, and certainly not her; and this is why: first, I know that though he rarely speaks about the wife he has lost, the grief of that loss has gone too deep in his heart for him ever to decide to give her a successor and our little angel a stepmother.
Yes, a nice stepmother little Nicholas will have!
She will be little Nicholas' stepmother and I'll marry Bourienne!...
Perhaps you will go and live with him too? he added, turning to Princess Mary.
The chief attraction of military service has consisted and will consist in this compulsory and irreproachable idleness.
And if you put up at my house that will be better still.
I am so afraid it will never be!
But perhaps he'll come today, will come immediately.
The Egyptians believed that our souls have lived in animals, and will go back into animals again.
It is now today, and it will be tomorrow, and always; and there was yesterday, and the day before...
Yes, I will; Pelageya Danilovna, let me!
I will never let anyone say anything bad of Sonya, for there is nothing but good in her.
Only when will all that be?
"Of course she will!" whispered Natasha, but did not finish... suddenly Sonya pushed away the glass she was holding and covered her eyes with her hand.
When will he come back?
"And if you allow yourself," he screamed in a fury, addressing Princess Mary for the first time, "to forget yourself again before her as you dared to do yesterday, I will show you who is master in this house.
Keep calm, I will call again tomorrow, said Metivier; and putting his fingers to his lips he hastened away.
I have thought it over, and it will be carried out--we must part; so find some place for yourself....
In a few months the year will be up.
Whom will you send for?
If you will be so kind, I'll fix a time and go down to the estate just for a day, and leave my lassies with you.
Then all will be well.
"Yes, it will," Natasha answered reluctantly.
It will all pass, Natasha.
Behind them sat Anna Mikhaylovna wearing a green headdress and with a happy look of resignation to the will of God on her face.
It will be great fun.
Do come!" and putting out his hand to her bouquet and dropping his voice, he added, "You will be the prettiest there.
Nobody will know and I shall never see him again, she told herself.
All will be forgiven her, for she loved much; and all will be forgiven him, for he enjoyed much.
Apart from the advantage he derived from Anatole, the very process of dominating another's will was in itself a pleasure, a habit, and a necessity to Dolokhov.
"I will tell my sister to ask her to dinner," said Anatole.
If your betrothed comes here now--there will be no avoiding a quarrel; but alone with the old man he will talk things over and then come on to you.
He is an invalid and an old man who must be forgiven; but he is good and magnanimous and will love her who makes his son happy.
What will Nicholas, dear noble Nicholas, do when he hears of it?
"I told you that I have no will," Natasha replied.
I will write to him, and I will tell Papa! said Sonya resolutely.
"She will run away with him!" thought Sonya.
If I don't sleep for three nights I'll not leave this passage and will hold her back by force and will and not let the family be disgraced, thought she.
"Makarka" (their name for Makarin) "will go through fire and water for you for nothing.
Will they let it stop at that?
It will come out that you're already married.
Abroad no one will know anything about it.
Will you believe it, Theodore Ivanych, those animals flew forty miles?
Hard as it may be, I'll tell them all to hold their tongues and will hide it from the count.
I'd treat you differently, but I'm sorry for your father, so I will conceal it.
If they hear of this, will they let it pass?
He, your father, I know him... if he challenges him to a duel will that be all right?
And I will go and tell her it is no use expecting him!
I will be frank with you.
I know his pride will not let him express his feelings, but still he has taken it better, far better, than I expected.
"Posterity will do him justice," he concluded, and at once turned to Pierre.
When will her mother come?
"Yes... I will tell him," answered Pierre; "but..."
"I will tell him, I will tell him everything once more," said Pierre.
Every act of theirs, which appears to them an act of their own will, is in an historical sense involuntary and is related to the whole course of history and predestined from eternity.
I will not make peace as long as a single armed enemy remains in my country!
I will send it to the Emperor.
"You will be treated as is fitting," said he and, putting the packet in his pocket, left the shed.
The Turks will be of no use to you; they are worth nothing and have shown it by making peace with you.
And there will be two hundred thousand of them.
Yes, I will throw you back beyond the Dvina and beyond the Dnieper, and will re- erect against you that barrier which it was criminal and blind of Europe to allow to be destroyed.
Yes, that is what will happen to you.
I will detain you no longer, General; you shall receive my letter to the Emperor.
"And let him know that I will do so!" said Napoleon, rising and pushing his cup away with his hand.
And then you will know the happiness of forgiving.
My boy is growing up and rejoices in life, in which like everybody else he will deceive or be deceived.
They said: Nothing but sorrow, shame, and ruin will come of all this!
Give him real power, for war cannot be conducted successfully without unity of command, and he will show what he can do, as he did in Finland.
If Barclay is now to be superseded by Bennigsen all will be lost, for Bennigsen showed his incapacity already in 1807.
It will at any rate be understood all the sooner that things cannot go on like this.
He said a few words to Prince Andrew and Chernyshev about the present war, with the air of a man who knows beforehand that all will go wrong, and who is not displeased that it should be so.
No one was or is able to foresee in what condition our or the enemy's armies will be in a day's time, and no one can gauge the force of this or that detachment.
"Use your finger, Mary Hendrikhovna, it will be still nicer," said Rostov.
She will soon be singing and frolicking about.
"Lord God, I submit myself to Thy will!" she thought.
She smiled at me yesterday and asked me to come again, and I love her, and no one will ever know it.
The French alphabet, written out with the same numerical values as the Hebrew, in which the first nine letters denote units and the others tens, will have the following significance:
What do you think?"--she was speaking hurriedly, evidently afraid her strength might fail her-- "Will he ever forgive me?
Will he not always have a bitter feeling toward me?
If they call up the militia, you too will have to mount a horse, remarked the old count, addressing Pierre.
We ourselves will not delay to appear among our people in that Capital and in other parts of our realm for consultation, and for the direction of all our levies, both those now barring the enemy's path and those freshly formed to defeat him wherever he may appear.
And I tell you--Peter Kirilych here will also tell you...
Millions will pour forth from there"--he pointed to the merchants' hall--"but our business is to supply men and not spare ourselves...
Next, bolts for the doors of the new building were wanted and had to be of a special shape the prince had himself designed, and a leather case had to be ordered to keep the "will" in.
Tell me, for God's sake, what will Russia, our mother Russia, say to our being so frightened, and why are we abandoning our good and gallant Fatherland to such rabble and implanting feelings of hatred and shame in all our subjects?
He will get nothing for his pains!
He is as right as other historians who look for the explanation of historic events in the will of one man; he is as right as the Russian historians who maintain that Napoleon was drawn to Moscow by the skill of the Russian commanders.
How much more complex than this is the game of war, which occurs under certain limits of time, and where it is not one will that manipulates lifeless objects, but everything results from innumerable conflicts of various wills!
"It's like this," he said thoughtfully, "if there's a battle soon, yours will win.
But if three days pass, then after that, well, then that same battle will not soon be over.
Lelorgne d'Ideville smilingly interpreted this speech to Napoleon thus: "If a battle takes place within the next three days the French will win, but if later, God knows what will happen."
And what will become of me?
What use will peace be when he is no longer here?
"Eh, Dron, it will turn out badly!" he said, shaking his head.
He is gone and no one will hinder you, she said to herself, and sinking into a chair she let her head fall on the window sill.
Because, you will agree, chere Marie, to fall into the hands of the soldiers or of riotous peasants would be terrible.
"If you order it they will go away," said he.
I will offer them monthly rations and housing at our Moscow estate.
On the contrary, I ask you to go with all your belongings to our estate near Moscow, and I promise you I will see to it that there you shall want for nothing.
Ours is a common misfortune and we will share it together.
I will do anything, said she, catching his eye.
Now he will never tell anyone what he had in his soul.
Never will that moment return for him or for me when he might have said all he longed to say, and not Tikhon but I might have heard and understood him.
Go when you please, and I give you my word of honor that no one shall dare to cause you annoyance if only you will allow me to act as your escort.
It made him angry just because the idea of marrying the gentle Princess Mary, who was attractive to him and had an enormous fortune, had against his will more than once entered his head.
Now p'waps Wussians will get a look in.
Give me five hundwed men and I will bweak the line, that's certain!
God's will be done to us all!
'When wood is chopped the chips will fly.'
But believe me, my dear boy, there is nothing stronger than those two: patience and time, they will do it all.
"I'll tell you what to do," he continued, as Prince Andrew still did not reply: "I will tell you what to do, and what I do.
He will not bring in any plan of his own.
He will not hinder anything useful nor allow anything harmful.
In the corner room at the club, members gathered to read these broadsheets, and some liked the way Karpushka jeered at the French, saying: They will swell up with Russian cabbage, burst with our buckwheat porridge, and choke themselves with cabbage soup.
They are all dwarfs and one peasant woman will toss three of them with a hayfork.
"You will, of course, command it yourself?" said Julie, directing a sly, sarcastic glance toward the militia officer.
"No, I think the sale will come off in a few days," said someone.
"If he manages the business properly he will be able to pay off all his debts," said the militia officer, speaking of Rostov.
"There will be less panic and less gossip," ran the broadsheet "but I will stake my life on it that scoundrel will not enter Moscow."
"Then it will mean that I must go to the army," said Pierre to himself.
At this rate they will soon begin beating us.
But, above all, the French will be here any day now, so what are we waiting for?
But I will, I'll give the order at once.
Count Rostopchin writes that he will stake his life on it that the enemy will not enter Moscow.
Will they set us down here or take us on to Moscow? he asked.
Yes, yes, there will be something to see....
Anyhow his Serene Highness knows you and will receive you graciously.
But the battle will hardly be there.
His having moved his troops there is only a ruse; he will probably pass round to the right of the Moskva.
But wherever it may be, many a man will be missing tomorrow! he remarked.
I will do the honors of the camp to you.
You will see everything best from where Count Bennigsen will be.
And should your Serene Highness require a man who will not spare his skin, please think of me....
"It will interest you," said he.
What is the trial for, when he is not here and will never return?
They slander him as a traitor, and the only result will be that afterwards, ashamed of their false accusations, they will make him out a hero or a genius instead of a traitor, and that will be still more unjust.
Success never depends, and never will depend, on position, or equipment, or even on numbers, and least of all on position.
For me tomorrow means this: a Russian army of a hundred thousand and a French army of a hundred thousand have met to fight, and the thing is that these two hundred thousand men will fight and the side that fights more fiercely and spares itself least will win.
And if you like I will tell you that whatever happens and whatever muddles those at the top may make, we shall win tomorrow's battle.
That's what I was saying to you-- those German gentlemen won't win the battle tomorrow but will only make all the mess they can, because they have nothing in their German heads but theories not worth an empty eggshell and haven't in their hearts the one thing needed tomorrow--that which Timokhin has.
You are fond of travel, and in three days you will see Moscow.
You will have a pleasant journey.
With the natural capacity of an Italian for changing the expression of his face at will, he drew nearer to the portrait and assumed a look of pensive tenderness.
It is essential for us; it will give us all we need: comfortable quarters and a speedy return to our country.
At dawn the two new batteries established during the night on the plain occupied by the Prince d'Eckmuhl will open fire on the opposing batteries of the enemy.
At the same time the commander of the artillery of the 1st Corps, General Pernetti, with thirty cannon of Campan's division and all the howitzers of Dessaix's and Friant's divisions, will move forward, open fire, and overwhelm with shellfire the enemy's battery, against which will operate:
The commander of the artillery of the 3rd Corps, General Fouche, will place the howitzers of the 3rd and 8th Corps, sixteen in all, on the flanks of the battery that is to bombard the entrenchment on the left, which will have forty guns in all directed against it.
General Campan will move through the wood to seize the first fortification.
After the advance has begun in this manner, orders will be given in accordance with the enemy's movements.
The cannonade on the left flank will begin as soon as the guns of the right wing are heard.
The third order was: General Campan will move through the wood to seize the first fortification.
But in the disposition it is said that, after the fight has commenced in this manner, orders will be given in accordance with the enemy's movements, and so it might be supposed that all necessary arrangements would be made by Napoleon during the battle.
So the way in which these people killed one another was not decided by Napoleon's will but occurred independently of him, in accord with the will of hundreds of thousands of people who took part in the common action.
The chessmen are set up, the game will begin tomorrow!
Let life go on in it unhindered and let it defend itself, it will do more than if you paralyze it by encumbering it with remedies.
"At eight hundred leagues from France, I will not have my Guard destroyed!" he said, and turning his horse rode back to Shevardino.
Will Your Highness please take command of the first army?
The cannon balls flew just as swiftly and cruelly from both sides, crushing human bodies, and that terrible work which was not done by the will of a man but at the will of Him who governs men and worlds continued.
But however small the units it takes, we feel that to take any unit disconnected from others, or to assume a beginning of any phenomenon, or to say that the will of many men is expressed by the actions of any one historic personage, is in itself false.
"Well, gentlemen, I see that it is I who will have to pay for the broken crockery," said he, and rising slowly he moved to the table.
Some of you will not agree with me.
Marry me, and I will be your slave!
But tell me, how will your husband look at the matter?
He will do anything for me.
If they're sent out and brought back again later on it will do no harm, but as things are now one can't answer for anything.
His Serene Highness has passed through Mozhaysk in order to join up with the troops moving toward him and has taken up a strong position where the enemy will not soon attack him.
An ax will be useful, a hunting spear not bad, but a three-pronged fork will be best of all: a Frenchman is no heavier than a sheaf of rye.
Tomorrow after dinner I shall take the Iberian icon of the Mother of God to the wounded in the Catherine Hospital where we will have some water blessed.
That will help them to get well quicker.
The young man is in prison and I expect it will go hard with him.
"Vereshchagin is a renegade and a traitor who will be punished as he deserves," said he with the vindictive heat with which people speak when recalling an insult.
And I will knock the nonsense out of anybody"-- but probably realizing that he was shouting at Bezukhov who so far was not guilty of anything, he added, taking Pierre's hand in a friendly manner, "We are on the eve of a public disaster and I haven't time to be polite to everybody who has business with me.
You will, won't you, dear?
Will you let them come?
The masters are going away and the whole house will be empty, said the old woman to the old attendant.
Is the army retreating or will there be another battle?
Please let me have one, I will pay the man well, and...
They will be left!...
We will still take all the most necessary things.
"They always will forget everything!" said the countess.
"There will be another battle tomorrow..." he began, but Natasha interrupted him.
No, of course... go and say I will come directly, Pierre replied to the major-domo.
"I will come in all the same, I have to look through the books," said Pierre.
Will you step into the study?
Will you have something to eat?
'Boyars,' I will say to them, 'I do not desire war, I desire the peace and welfare of all my subjects.'
However, I know their presence will inspire me, and I shall speak to them as I always do: clearly, impressively, and majestically.
"He will have to be told, all the same," said some gentlemen of the suite.
Will they give up Moscow like this?
We too will take part..." the reader went on, and then paused ("Do you see," shouted the youth victoriously, "he's going to clear up the whole affair for you...."), "in destroying them, and will send these visitors to the devil.
I will come back to dinner, and we'll set to work.
We will do, completely do, and undo these scoundrels.
In particular, the words "I will come back to dinner," evidently displeased both reader and audience.
"The count has not left, he is here, and an order will be issued concerning you," said the superintendent of police.
The kingdom of God will be overthrown...
Thrice will I overthrow it and thrice re-establish it! he cried, raising his voice higher and higher.
That will do, please, that will do.
"You will be called in when you are wanted," he said.
Will you now be so good as to tell me with whom I have the honor of conversing so pleasantly, instead of being in the ambulance with that maniac's bullet in my body?
"No, he will make his entry tomorrow," he replied, and continued his talk.
I will go away immediately.
Morel will warm us up another little bottle.
The count will be calling and there's nobody there; go and gather the clothes together.
I believe the whole of Moscow will burn, there's an awful glow!
"No, Mamma, I will lie down here on the floor," Natasha replied irritably and she went to the window and opened it.
I will not tell you who I am.
Russia will shudder to learn of the abandonment of the city in which her greatness is centered and in which lie the ashes of your ancestors!
"Sire, will you allow me to speak frankly as befits a loyal soldier?" he asked to gain time.
I have learned to know him, and he will not deceive me any more....
I will make a match for you with the princess.
I am sure your mother will be grateful to me.
She will really begin to arrange a match... and Sonya...?
I will tell you the truth.
I never told this to anyone and never will, only to you.
I love her, and promised to marry her, and will do so....
"Sonya, will he live?" she asked.
"Yes, Mamma, I will write," said she.
"That will teach them to start fires," said one of the Frenchmen.
There will be room for everybody, this is a big house.
"You, you... will see," was all Natasha could say.
I don't know why, but you will see what he is like.
But we need only penetrate to the essence of any historic event--which lies in the activity of the general mass of men who take part in it--to be convinced that the will of the historic hero does not control the actions of the mass but is itself continually controlled.
The discovery of these laws is only possible when we have quite abandoned the attempt to find the cause in the will of some one man, just as the discovery of the laws of the motion of the planets was possible only when men abandoned the conception of the fixity of the earth.
That readiness will not weaken in me, but I and Russia have a right to expect from you all the zeal, firmness, and success which your intellect, military talent, and the courage of the troops you command justify us in expecting.
Will you have them fetched back?
It will be too late.
Meantime, according to the dispositions which said that "the First Column will march" and so on, the infantry of the belated columns, commanded by Bennigsen and directed by Toll, had started in due order and, as always happens, had got somewhere, but not to their appointed places.
He well knew that nothing but confusion would come of this battle undertaken against his will, and as far as was in his power held the troops back.
If not, the Guards will not so much as see a little smoke.
We have paid for the right to look at the matter plainly and simply, and we will not abandon that right.
A paternal administration, chosen from among yourselves, will form your municipality or city government.
It will take care of you, of your needs, and of your welfare.
Its members will be distinguished by a red ribbon worn across the shoulder, and the mayor of the city will wear a white belt as well.
But when not on duty they will only wear a red ribbon round the left arm.
You will recognize them by the white ribbon they will wear on the left arm.
You will soon find means of satisfying your needs.
And lastly you too, peasants, come from the forests where you are hiding in terror, return to your huts without fear, in full assurance that you will find protection!
(2) Such supplies will be bought from them at such prices as seller and buyer may agree on, and if a seller is unable to obtain a fair price he will be free to take his goods back to his village and no one may hinder him under any pretense.
(3) Sunday and Wednesday of each week are appointed as the chief market days and to that end a sufficient number of troops will be stationed along the highroads on Tuesdays and Saturdays at such distances from the town as to protect the carts.
(5) Steps will immediately be taken to re-establish ordinary trading.
Speak to the captain when he makes his round, he will do anything for you.
"It will fit better still when it sets to your body," said Karataev, still admiring his handiwork.
Oh, it will be the death of me!
Corporal, what will they do with the sick man?...
In the corporal's changed face, in the sound of his voice, in the stirring and deafening noise of the drums, he recognized that mysterious, callous force which compelled people against their will to kill their fellow men--that force the effect of which he had witnessed during the executions.
It will fall of itself when ripe, but if picked unripe the apple is spoiled, the tree is harmed, and your teeth are set on edge.
Men who want to fight will always put themselves in the most advantageous conditions for fighting.
"Will there be any orders, your honor?" he asked Denisov, holding his hand at the salute and resuming the game of adjutant and general for which he had prepared himself, "or shall I remain with your honor?"
Will it seem odd if I ask?
It will be necessary to go there.
I will certainly go to the French camp with Dolokhov.
Besides, I want to go very much and certainly will go, so don't hinder me, said he.
It will only make things worse...
"Will they bring our horses or not?" thought Petya, instinctively drawing nearer to Dolokhov.
Please, my dear fellow, will you sharpen my saber for me?
And the old man said, 'God will forgive you, we are all sinners in His sight.
This state of things is continually becoming worse and makes one fear that unless a prompt remedy is applied the troops will no longer be under control in case of an engagement.
So one might have thought that regarding this period of the campaign the historians, who attributed the actions of the mass to the will of one man, would have found it impossible to make the story of the retreat fit their theory.
You will get well-- quite well.
No, he did not and never will know it.
And now it will never, never be possible to put it right.
She will be asking for me.
Toll wrote a disposition: "The first column will march to so and so," etc.
The victory is complete and Russia will not forget you!
Lend a hand... will you?
"Look out, your soles will fly off!" shouted the red-haired man, noticing that the sole of the dancer's boot was hanging loose.
To that question, "What for?" a simple answer was now always ready in his soul: "Because there is a God, that God without whose will not one hair falls from a man's head."
Perhaps she will see me, said Pierre.
The count and countess will be here in a few days.
I will order supper.
Go downstairs, we will come immediately.
The children will live just the same.
Let's see what will come of it!
I will call round in case you have any commissions for me, said he, standing before Princess Mary and turning red, but not taking his departure.
This is what I will say.
"I know that she loves... will love you," Princess Mary corrected herself.
I will tell her when I can.
Go to Petersburg, that will be best.
And I will write to you, she said.
Whatever you tell me, I will do.
Think what fun it will be when I am his wife and you marry Nicholas!
Even if they do not know for what purpose they are fattened, they will at least know that all that happened to the ram did not happen accidentally, and will no longer need the conceptions of chance or genius.
Any guard might arrest him, but by strange chance no one does so and all rapturously greet the man they cursed the day before and will curse again a month later.
As I understand your present life, I think you will always recall it with satisfaction, because the self-sacrifice that fills it now...
"Mary," he said softly, going up to her, "it will never happen again; I give you my word.
She could not find fault with Sonya in any way and tried to be fond of her, but often felt ill-will toward her which she could not overcome.
I will go and see, said Countess Mary and left the room.
If the purpose of marriage is the family, the person who wishes to have many wives or husbands may perhaps obtain much pleasure, but in that case will not have a family.
How pleased the children will be and Mamma too!
Perhaps they will be fashionable again by then.
"No, Monsieur Dessalles, I will ask my aunt to let me stay," replied Nicholas Bolkonski also in a whisper.
I will bring him to you directly, Monsieur Dessalles.
Everything is strained to such a degree that it will certainly break, said Pierre (as those who examine the actions of any government have always said since governments began).
And what position will you adopt toward the government?
"I will tell you this," he said, rising and trying with nervously twitching fingers to prop up his pipe in a corner, but finally abandoning the attempt.
"Yes, Pierre always was a dreamer and always will be," he continued, returning to the talk in the study which had evidently disturbed him.
What will become of us if she dies, as I always fear when her face is like that? thought he, and placing himself before the icon he began to say his evening prayers.
I loved you, but I have orders from Arakcheev and will kill the first of you who moves forward.
Whatever he may tell me, I will do it.
And I will learn.
But someday I shall have finished learning, and then I will do something.
I only pray God that something may happen to me such as happened to Plutarch's men, and I will act as they did.
I will do better.
Yes, I will do something with which even he would be satisfied....
If the purpose of history be to give a description of the movement of humanity and of the peoples, the first question--in the absence of a reply to which all the rest will be incomprehensible--is: what is the power that moves peoples?
Specialist historians describing the campaign of 1813 or the restoration of the Bourbons plainly assert that these events were produced by the will of Alexander.
But the universal historian Gervinus, refuting this opinion of the specialist historian, tries to prove that the campaign of 1813 and the restoration of the Bourbons were due to other things beside Alexander's will--such as the activity of Stein, Metternich, Madame de Stael, Talleyrand, Fichte, Chateaubriand, and others.
Only then, as a result of the contradiction, will they see that they are both wrong.
As gold is gold only if it is serviceable not merely for exchange but also for use, so universal historians will be valuable only when they can reply to history's essential question: what is power?
Having abandoned the conception of the ancients as to the divine subjection of the will of a nation to some chosen man and the subjection of that man's will to the Deity, history cannot without contradictions take a single step till it has chosen one of two things: either a return to the former belief in the direct intervention of the Deity in human affairs or a definite explanation of the meaning of the force producing historical events and termed "power."
Power is the collective will of the people transferred, by expressed or tacit consent, to their chosen rulers.
If power be the collective will of the people transferred to their ruler, was Pugachev a representative of the will of the people?
Do palace revolutions--in which sometimes only two or three people take part--transfer the will of the people to a new ruler?
In international relations, is the will of the people also transferred to their conqueror?
Was the will of the Confederation of the Rhine transferred to Napoleon in 1806?
Was the will of the Russian people transferred to Napoleon in 1809, when our army in alliance with the French went to fight the Austrians?
Recognizing the falsity of this view of history, another set of historians say that power rests on a conditional delegation of the will of the people to their rulers, and that historical leaders have power only conditionally on carrying out the program that the will of the people has by tacit agreement prescribed to them.
Historians of the third class assume that the will of the people is transferred to historic personages conditionally, but that the conditions are unknown to us.
The leaders, these historians tell us, express the will of the people: the activity of the leaders represents the activity of the people.
But in that case the question arises whether all the activity of the leaders serves as an expression of the people's will or only some part of it.
If the whole activity of the leaders serves as the expression of the people's will, as some historians suppose, then all the details of the court scandals contained in the biographies of a Napoleon or a Catherine serve to express the life of the nation, which is evident nonsense; but if it is only some particular side of the activity of an historical leader which serves to express the people's life, as other so-called "philosophical" historians believe, then to determine which side of the activity of a leader expresses the nation's life, we have first of all to know in what the nation's life consists.
The theory of the transference of the collective will of the people to historic persons may perhaps explain much in the domain of jurisprudence and be essential for its purposes, but in its application to history, as soon as revolutions, conquests, or civil wars occur--that is, as soon as history begins--that theory explains nothing.
The theory seems irrefutable just because the act of transference of the people's will cannot be verified, for it never occurred.
Whatever happens and whoever may stand at the head of affairs, the theory can always say that such and such a person took the lead because the collective will was transferred to him.
The herd goes in that direction because the animal in front leads it and the collective will of all the other animals is vested in that leader.
If the animals leading the herd change, this happens because the collective will of all the animals is transferred from one leader to another, according to whether the animal is or is not leading them in the direction selected by the whole herd.
Such is the reply historians who assume that the collective will of the people is delegated to rulers under conditions which they regard as known.
If the animals in front are continually changing and the direction of the whole herd is constantly altered, this is because in order to follow a given direction the animals transfer their will to the animals that have attracted our attention, and to study the movements of the herd we must watch the movements of all the prominent animals moving on all sides of the herd.
Power is the collective will of the people transferred to one person.
Under what condition is the will of the people delegated to one person?
On condition that that person expresses the will of the whole people.
Whenever an event occurs a man appears or men appear, by whose will the event seems to have taken place.
Experience shows us that whatever event occurs it is always related to the will of one or of several men who have decreed it.
The historians, in accord with the old habit of acknowledging divine intervention in human affairs, want to see the cause of events in the expression of the will of someone endowed with power, but that supposition is not confirmed either by reason or by experience.
On the other hand, even if we admitted that words could be the cause of events, history shows that the expression of the will of historical personages does not in most cases produce any effect, that is to say, their commands are often not executed, and sometimes the very opposite of what they order occurs.
Power, from the standpoint of experience, is merely the relation that exists between the expression of someone's will and the execution of that will by others.
To explain the conditions of that relationship we must first establish a conception of the expression of will, referring it to man and not to the Deity.
If the Deity issues a command, expresses His will, as ancient history tells us, the expression of that will is independent of time and is not caused by anything, for the Divinity is not controlled by an event.
Only the expression of the will of the Deity, not dependent on time, can relate to a whole series of events occurring over a period of years or centuries, and only the Deity, independent of everything, can by His sole will determine the direction of humanity's movement; but man acts in time and himself takes part in what occurs.
A military organization may be quite correctly compared to a cone, of which the base with the largest diameter consists of the rank and file; the next higher and smaller section of the cone consists of the next higher grades of the army, and so on to the apex, the point of which will represent the commander-in-chief.
In whatever direction a ship moves, the flow of the waves it cuts will always be noticeable ahead of it.
To those on board the ship the movement of those waves will be the only perceptible motion.
But wherever it may turn there always will be the wave anticipating its movement.
Examining only those expressions of the will of historical persons which, as commands, were related to events, historians have assumed that the events depended on those commands.
The presence of the problem of man's free will, though unexpressed, is felt at every step of history.
If the will of every man were free, that is, if each man could act as he pleased, all history would be a series of disconnected incidents.
If there be a single law governing the actions of men, free will cannot exist, for then man's will is subject to that law.
But his will--which forms the essence of his life--man recognizes (and can but recognize) as free.
A man's will seems to him to be limited just because he is not conscious of it except as free.
But learning just as certainly that his will is subject to laws, he does not and cannot believe this.
The subject for history is not man's will itself but our presentation of it.
Whatever presentation of the activity of many men or of an individual we may consider, we always regard it as the result partly of man's free will and partly of the law of inevitability.
In history we find a very similar progress of conviction concerning the part played by free will in the general affairs of humanity.
But in the Crusades we already see an event occupying its definite place in history and without which we cannot imagine the modern history of Europe, though to the chroniclers of the Crusades that event appeared as merely due to the will of certain people.
The farther back in history the object of our observation lies, the more doubtful does the free will of those concerned in the event become and the more manifest the law of inevitability.
Thus our conception of free will and inevitability gradually diminishes or increases according to the greater or lesser connection with the external world, the greater or lesser remoteness of time, and the greater or lesser dependence on the causes in relation to which we contemplate a man's life.
However inaccessible to us may be the cause of the expression of will in any action, our own or another's, the first demand of reason is the assumption of and search for a cause, for without a cause no phenomenon is conceivable.
Man's free will differs from every other force in that man is directly conscious of it, but in the eyes of reason it in no way differs from any other force.
And as the undefinable essence of the force moving the heavenly bodies, the undefinable essence of the forces of heat and electricity, or of chemical affinity, or of the vital force, forms the content of astronomy, physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, and so on, just in the same way does the force of free will form the content of history.
But just as the subject of every science is the manifestation of this unknown essence of life while that essence itself can only be the subject of metaphysics, even the manifestation of the force of free will in human beings in space, in time, and in dependence on cause forms the subject of history, while free will itself is the subject of metaphysics.
Free will is for history only an expression for the unknown remainder of what we know about the laws of human life.
The recognition of man's free will as something capable of influencing historical events, that is, as not subject to laws, is the same for history as the recognition of a free force moving the heavenly bodies would be for astronomy.
If any single action is due to free will, then not a single historical law can exist, nor any conception of historical events.
From the standpoint from which the science of history now regards its subject on the path it now follows, seeking the causes of events in man's freewill, a scientific enunciation of those laws is impossible, for however man's free will may be restricted, as soon as we recognize it as a force not subject to law, the existence of law becomes impossible.
Will we see any dolphins, Dad?
I know you must be tired, so I will let you rest.
Dinner will be ready at six O'clock.
I guess that will do.
This new baby... it will not be too much?
Felipa will be punished for her part in the incident.
You will not call me father?
"Our children will have everything they need, but not everything they want," Alex interrupted.
Alex defies father now, but he will not win.
You will need a sitter for the party anyway.
"I will join you later," she said, and promptly left Carmen alone.
Mom, when will the baby be born?
You will not tell him?
Otherwise, he'll have to live with the idea that it will no longer be in the family after he passes.
I'm saying their lives will be complicated enough without us adding problems to it.
Some day maybe I will find someone like Alex.
"Son, you will look at the new mares?" he asked.
"He will not return before we get back," he said quickly.
You both will go eat.
I will stay with you tonight so you can rest.
I will take care of Alex.
But never mind; something will happen pretty soon.
"Maybe Jim will go," continued Dorothy, looking at the horse.
"What will happen otherwise?" asked the Wizard.
"Never mind, my little fellows," said Mr. Lincoln "I will put you in your own cozy little bed."
He wrote "The Village Blacksmith," "The Children's Hour," and many other beautiful pieces which you will like to read and remember.
"Wait, and I will tell you," said the caliph; and he smiled again.
I am with you, and I will not let anything hurt you.
You may come to America and be poor, but if you work hard, your children will have a better life and a better opportunity.
"My little sister will understand me now," was a thought stronger than all obstacles.
Then, perhaps, my own thoughts and experiences will come to the surface.
It comes over me that in the last two or three pages of this chapter I have used figures which will turn the laugh against me.
I will only hint at some of the enterprises which I have cherished.
Nevertheless, we will not forget that some Egyptian wheat was handed down to us by a mummy.
And what little they have promised they will not perform!
I will come to supper with you.
The nobility don't gwudge theah lives--evewy one of us will go and bwing in more wecwuits, and the sov'weign" (that was the way he referred to the Emperor) "need only say the word and we'll all die fo' him!" added the orator with animation.
Glinka, the editor of the Russian Messenger, who was recognized (cries of "author! author!" were heard in the crowd), said that "hell must be repulsed by hell," and that he had seen a child smiling at lightning flashes and thunderclaps, but "we will not be that child."
From this you will see that you have a perfect right to reassure the inhabitants of Smolensk, for those defended by two such brave armies may feel assured of victory.
Will you have some tea? he added.
Will you stay here if the enemy occupies the place? asked Prince Andrew.
The doctor will be in to talk to you in a few minutes.
"How long will you be with us?" he asked.
You may have them, if you will give me the whistle.
You are only a very little boy, and you will learn a great deal as you grow bigger.
This book is about that future and what it is going to look like—how it will be a place glorious and spectacular beyond our wildest hopes.
To be perfectly clear, I am not saying the Internet and technology will solve every human ill.
I have said and still say that the theater of war is Poland and the enemy will never get beyond the Niemen.
Father will need to rest as well.
I have a picture of old Rip in my fingers which they will never lose.
Then we will all go down together and Maria can get acquainted with her while you are measured for a dress.
Yes, Moscow will be surrendered!