He paid especial attention to orthography, and sought to differentiate the meanings of cases of like ending by distinctive marks (the apex to indicate a long vowel is attributed to him).
Rawlinson, and independently of him, the ancient Persian vowel system.
1 The vowels, which are ten in number (a a e e i i o o u u), were, as usual in the Semitic languages, indicated only partially by the use of consonants as vowel-letters 2 and by means of certain diacritical points, so long as Syriac remained a living language.
The earliest form of the name of the symbol which we can reach is the Hebrew beth, to which the Phoenician must have been closely akin, as is shown by the Greek Oiira, which is borrowed from it with a vowel affixed.
Cambodian idiom bears a likeness to some of the aboriginal dialects of south Indo-China; it is agglutinate in character and rich in vowel-sounds.
One of his dissertations was a defence of the antiquity and divine authority of the vowel-points in Hebrew.
The grammatical forms are expressed, as in Turkish, by means of affixes modulated according to the high or low vowel power of the root or chief syllables of the word to which they are appended-the former being represented by e, o, S, ii, i l l, the latter by a, d, o, 6, u, it; the sounds e, i, i are regarded as neutral.
These conclusions were hotly contested by Johannes Buxtorf, being in conflict with the views of his father, Johannes Buxtorf senior, notwithstanding the fact that Elias Levita had already disputed the antiquity of the vowel points and that neither Jerome nor the Talmud shows any acquaintance with them.
The vocalization is artificial, the Masoretes having given it the vowel-points of bosheth.
Originally Siamese was purely monosyllabic, that is, each true word consisted of a single vowel sound preceded by, or followed by, a consonant.
The Siamese alphabet consists of 44 consonants, in each of which the vowel sound" aw "is inherent, and of 32 vowels all marked not by individual letters, but by signs written above, below, before or after the consonant in connexion with which they are to be pronounced.
'To this end they provided the text with a complete system of vowel points and accents.
In these cases the vowel points attached to the written word (Kethibh) belong to the word which is to be substituted for it, the latter being placed in the margin with the initial letter of Qere (= to be read) prefixed to it.
2 The actual date of the introduction of vowel points is not known,, but it must in any case have been later than the time of Jerome, and is probably to be assigned to the 7th century.
This change consisted in the insertion into the original text of certain consonants which had come to be also used to express vowel sounds: e.g.
The Hebrew consonant corresponding to w also expressed the vowel o or u, the consonant h the vowel a, and so forth.
Owing to the imperfection of the Hebrew alphabet, which, like that of most Semitic languages, has no means of expressing vowel-sounds, it is only partly possible to trace the development of the language.
The invention of vowel-signs of diacritic points to distinguish similarly formed consonants, and of other orthographic signs, soon put a stop to arbitrary conjectures on the part of the readers.
The Egyptian system of writing, as opposed to the Coptic, showed only the consonantal skeletons of words: it could not record internal vowel-changes; and semi-consonants, even when radicals, were often omitted in writing.
Properly triliterals, but, with the 2nd or 3rd radical alike, these coalesced in many forms where no vowel intervened, and gave the word the appearance of a biliteraL
The orthography and the quantity of the penultimate vowel of Cenomani have given rise to discussion.
The point is not clear, but probably the Greeks acted here as they did in the case of the vowel i and the consonant y, adopting the consonant symbol for the vowel sound.
The glide between i and another vowel as in bcch=diya - is never represented, there was no occasion to use the Phoenician Jod in a double function.
In the Dvenos inscription the perfect of facio is _feted; here it is a reduplicated form with the same vowel as the present.
Of the existence of the vowel 0 there is no evidence.
It will be seen that they contain three vowel and six consonant elements, and these formed the foundation for her first real lesson in speaking.