8, 5; Pausanias iv.
38; Plutarch, Theseus, Pausanias i.
His reign, which began soon after the close of the second Messenian War, is said to have been quiet and uneventful (Pausanias iii.
Agis, 3, Camillus, 19, Agesilaus, 25, 33, 34, 40; Pausanias iii.
Agis, 3, Demetrius, 35; Pausanias, i.
In the autumn of 429 he died' and was buried near the Academia, where Pausanias (150 A.D.) saw his tomb.
The Prytaneum, mentioned by Pausanias, and probably the original centre of the ancient city, was situated somewhere east of the northern cliff of the Acropolis.
Inscriptions found by the recent excavations seem to prove that it must be identified as the shrine of the local goddess Aphaea, identified by Pausanias with Britomartis and Dictynna.
68; Pausanias iii.
1; Pausanias x.
It was, however, in the reigns of Severus and his immediate successors that Roman intercourse with India was at its height, and from the writings of Pausanias (c. 174) it appears that direct communication between Rome and China had already taken place.
468) the three friends are represented as united in the underworld and walking together in the fields of asphodel; according to Pausanias (iii.
His successful prayer to Zeus for rain at a time of drought (Isocrates, Evagoras, 14) was commemorated by a temple at Aegina (Pausanias ii.
At Alea, in the Peloponnese, women were flogged in the temple of Dionysus (Pausanias, Arcad.
According to Pausanias (v.
The cave, still called Mavrospelya ("black cave"), was ever afterwards regarded as sacred to Demeter, and in'it, according to information given to Pausanias, there had been set up an image of the goddess, a female form seated on a rock, but with a horse's head and mane, to which were attached snakes and other wild animals.
AGIS, the name of four Spartan kings: (1) Son of Eurysthenes, founder of the royal house of the Agiadae (Pausanias iii.
72, 73, 107; Pausanias iii.
Pausanias' accounts (ii.
(2) Literary traditions of subsequent civilizations, especially the Hellenic, such as, e.g., those embodied in the Homeric poems, the legends concerning Crete, Mycenae, &c.; statements as to the origin of gods, cults and so forth, transmitted to us by Hellenic antiquarians such as Strabo, Pausanias, Diodorus Siculus, &c.
By some she is considered to have been a moon-goddess, her flight from Minos and her leap into the sea signifying the revolution and disappearance of the moon (Pausanias ii.
See Strabo, pp. 401, 418, 424-425; Pausanias x.
According to other versions of the legend, when saved from sacrifice Iphigeneia was transported to the island of Leuke, where she was wedded to Achilles under the name of Orsilochia (Antoninus Liberalis 27); or she was transformed by Artemis into the goddess Hecate (Pausanias _i.
At Hermione, Artemis was worshipped under the name of Iphigeneia, thus showing the heroine in the last resort to be a form of that goddess (Pausanias ii.
576-622; Pausanias x.
143 and 159 Pausanias visited Athens at a time when the monuments of the great age were still in their perfection and the principal embellishments of the Roman period had already been completed.
Pausanias makes no claim to exhaustiveness; he selected what was best worth noticing (Ta a i coXoyc.,rara).
The Agora was commonly described as the " Ceramicus," and Pausanias gives it this name; of the numerous buildings which he saw here scarcely a trace remains; their position, for the most part, is largely conjectural, and the exact boundaries of the Agora itself are uncertain.
In 1892 Dorpfeld began a series of excavations in the district between the Acropolis and the Pnyx with the object of determining the situation of the buildings described by Pausanias as existing in the neighbourhood of the Agora, and more especially the position of the Enneacrunus fountain.
It is now generally agreed that the Agora of classical times covered the low ground between the hill of the " Theseum," the Areopagus and the Pnyx; and Pausanias, in the course of his description, appears to have reached its southern end.
High, represented the goddess as fully armed; the gleam of her helmet and spear could be seen by the mariners approaching from Cape Sunium (Pausanias i.
This cloistered edifice may be identified with the library of Hadrian mentioned by Pausanias; the books were, perhaps, stored in a square building which occupied a portion of the central area.
Strikingly similar in design and construction is a large quadrangular building, the foundations of which were discovered by the British School near the presumed Cynosarges; this may perhaps be the Gymnasium of Hadrian, which Pausanias tells us also possessed ioo columns.
The Stadium had been already completed and the Odeum had not yet been built when Pausanias visited Athens; these buildings were the last important additions to the architectural monuments of the ancient city.
Frazer, Pausanias (translation and commentary; 6 vols., London, 1898.
Plutarch, Theseus; Pausanias i.
See Pausanias ii.
Among the objects of interest described by Pausanias as extant in Epidaurus are the image of Athena Cissaea in the Acropolis, the temple of Dionysus and Artemis, a shrine of Aphrodite, statues of Asclepius and his wife Epione, and a temple of Hera.
The theatre still deserves the praise given it by Pausanias as the most beautiful in Greece.
See Pausanias i.
His grave and that of Helen were shown at Therapnae, where he was worshipped as a god (Pausanias iii.
Others have regarded it as an empty portable throne, 2 or as a receptacle for sacred serpents (analogies in Frazer, Pausanias, iv.
(1882); Frazer's Pausanias, iii.
Pp. 426-427; Pausanias x.
To a board of patronomi (Pausanias ii.
Augustus seems to have reorganized the league in some way, for Pausanias (iii.
5; Pausanias iii.
In later times the cult of a god Satrapes occurs in Syrian inscriptions from Palmyra and the Hauran; by Pausanias vi.
His reign is dated 731-724 B.C. by Pausanias, and this may be taken as approximately correct, though Duncker (History of Greece, Eng.
Frazer, Pausanias, iv.