What causes historical events?
I see us today in a situation like those historical ones.
Into the farther East, where the historical Alexander was almost forgotten.
Besides the historical narrative, there were works mainly geographical or topographical left by persons like Baeton and Diognetus, whom Alexander had employed (as Onyarcaral.) to survey the roads over which he passed.
The historians call this activity of the historical figures "the reaction."
Prince Andrew, being always near the commander in chief, closely following the mass movements and general orders, and constantly studying historical accounts of battles, involuntarily pictured to himself the course of events in the forthcoming action in broad outline.
And yet, though Rembrandt's " Nightwatch " is dated the very year after the publication of the Meditations, not a word in Descartes breathes of any work of art or historical learning.
To Droysen and Kaerst it accords with the historical conditions; to Grote and to Beloch it is a betrayal of the prerogative of Hellenism.
But why intellectual activity is considered by the historians of culture to be the cause or expression of the whole historical movement is hard to understand.
Even Fred O'Connor was taking the day off from his historical research to watch the festivities.
Dr. Bell went with us himself to the electrical building, and showed us some of the historical telephones.
The chief town of the province, 's Hertogenbosch, may be cited as an interesting historical example.
It is the game on the perfectly level green that constitutes the historical game of bowls.
I refer to history extensively in these pages because I believe historical people are exactly like us, only in different circumstances.
This conception is the one handle by means of which the material of history, as at present expounded, can be dealt with, and anyone who breaks that handle off, as Buckle did, without finding some other method of treating historical material, merely deprives himself of the one possible way of dealing with it.
The same applies to historical events.
Fred O'Connor, back from his second stint at the library and historical museum, was now poring over the newspaper and circling the Saturday garage sales in the classified ads.
A few had been converted to apartments, but a recent wave of historical consciousness had temporarily halted the decay.
I got nada, even in historical data.
See Lord Acton, English Historical Review, i.
Anyone projecting an end to the historical constant of war had better be ready to overcome no small amount of justified skepticism.
In dealing with this period they sternly condemn the historical personages who, in their opinion, caused what they describe as the reaction.
Lotze's historical position is of much interest.
Still more difficult would it be to find an instance in history of the aim of an historical personage being so completely accomplished as that to which all Kutuzov's efforts were directed in 1812.
The books he read were chiefly historical, and on these he spent a certain sum every year.
According to this view the power of historical personages, represented as the product of many forces, can no longer, it would seem, be regarded as a force that itself produces events.
But examining the events themselves and the connection in which the historical persons stood to the people, we have found that they and their orders were dependent on events.
"Let's see if the brick building has a museum or historical collection of some kind," Betsy said as we approached the building.
The correspondence was stiff and formal and said little, certainly nothing about the town of Ouray and was totally absent any tidbits of historical nature.
Cynthia carefully hand washed the articles of clothing from Fred's box of historical goodies and hung them outside in the sun to dry.
Owing to the historical past of Naples, and its social and economic condition at the end of the 17th century, the only study that really flourished there was that of law; and this soon penetrated from the courts to the university, and was raised to the level of a science.
Peter Bayle is severe on certain historical inaccuracies of Davila, and it is true that Davila must be read with due remembrance of the fact that he was not only a Catholic but the especial protege of Catherine de' Medici, but it is not to be forgotten that Bayle was as strongly Protestant.
The parish of Mortlach, in which Dufftown is situated, is rich in archaeological and historical associations.
English equity has one marked historical peculiarity, viz.
From 1701 to 17 21 Collier was employed on his Great Historical, Geographical, Genealogical and Poetical Dictionary, founded on, and partly translated from, Louis Moreri's Dictionnaire historique, and in the compilation and issue of the two volumes folio of his own Ecclesiastical History of Great Britian from the first planting of Christianity to the end of the reign of Charles II.
Upon it or its site centre nearly all the historical associations of the place.
The psychologist must study mankind from the historical or comparative standpoint, analysing the elements which constitute the fabric of society, with its customs, its conventions and the main tendencies of its evolution.
And it would avoid awkward places where it's unclear if the category is for a modern or a historical entity.
Of those, again, who maintain the traditional view, some, like Niebuhr and Grote, regard it as convicting Alexander of mad ambition and vainglory, whilst to Kaerst Alexander only incorporates ideas which were the timely fruit of a long historical development.
The Revelations are contained in the critical edition of St Bridget's works published by the Swedish Historical Society and edited by G.
He was a priest of the Jerusalem temple, probably a member of the dominant house of Zadok, and doubtless had the literary training of the cultivated priesthood of the time, including acquaintance with the national historical, legal and ritual traditions and with the contemporary history and customs of neighbouring peoples.
Every act of theirs, which appears to them an act of their own will, is in an historical sense involuntary and is related to the whole course of history and predestined from eternity.
In historical works on the year 1812 French writers are very fond of saying that Napoleon felt the danger of extending his line, that he sought a battle and that his marshals advised him to stop at Smolensk, and of making similar statements to show that the danger of the campaign was even then understood.
In seeking the laws of historical movement just the same thing happens.
There is, and can be, no cause of an historical event except the one cause of all causes.
The historical figures at the head of armies, who formerly reflected the movement of the masses by ordering wars, campaigns, and battles, now reflected the restless movement by political and diplomatic combinations, laws, and treaties.
It would be a mistake to think that this is ironic--a caricature of the historical accounts.
But in spite of every desire to regard it as known, anyone reading many historical works cannot help doubting whether this new force, so variously understood by the historians themselves, is really quite well known to everybody.
The historians of culture are quite consistent in regard to their progenitors, the writers of universal histories, for if historical events may be explained by the fact that certain persons treated one another in such and such ways, why not explain them by the fact that such and such people wrote such and such books?
Undoubtedly some relation exists between all who live contemporaneously, and so it is possible to find some connection between the intellectual activity of men and their historical movements, just as such a connection may be found between the movements of humanity and commerce, handicraft, gardening, or anything else you please.
Recognizing the falsity of this view of history, another set of historians say that power rests on a conditional delegation of the will of the people to their rulers, and that historical leaders have power only conditionally on carrying out the program that the will of the people has by tacit agreement prescribed to them.
And so these historians also see and admit historical events which are exceptions to the theory.
If the whole activity of the leaders serves as the expression of the people's will, as some historians suppose, then all the details of the court scandals contained in the biographies of a Napoleon or a Catherine serve to express the life of the nation, which is evident nonsense; but if it is only some particular side of the activity of an historical leader which serves to express the people's life, as other so-called "philosophical" historians believe, then to determine which side of the activity of a leader expresses the nation's life, we have first of all to know in what the nation's life consists.
So say the third class of historians who regard all historical persons, from monarchs to journalists, as the expression of their age.
On the other hand, even if we admitted that words could be the cause of events, history shows that the expression of the will of historical personages does not in most cases produce any effect, that is to say, their commands are often not executed, and sometimes the very opposite of what they order occurs.
Apart from that, the chief source of our error in this matter is due to the fact that in the historical accounts a whole series of innumerable, diverse, and petty events, such for instance as all those which led the French armies to Russia, is generalized into one event in accord with the result produced by that series of events.
Without such justification there would be no reply to the simplest question that presents itself when examining each historical event.
Examining only those expressions of the will of historical persons which, as commands, were related to events, historians have assumed that the events depended on those commands.
All the contradictions and obscurities of history and the false path historical science has followed are due solely to the lack of a solution of that question.
The recognition of man's free will as something capable of influencing historical events, that is, as not subject to laws, is the same for history as the recognition of a free force moving the heavenly bodies would be for astronomy.
If any single action is due to free will, then not a single historical law can exist, nor any conception of historical events.
Fred, remembering historical items from an earlier mystery in which he and his stepson were involved, jumped at the offer.
Both Deans agreed the letters were polite but of zero historical interest and strangely unloving.
Miss Worthington's a big mucky-muck in the historical society, he said, for Edith Shipton's benefit.
Fred was back in town, treating the children to sandwiches before returning to the library for a new dose of historical research.
Herbert Spencer) hold that most gods are deified men, and most myths historical traditions which have been grotesquely distorted.
The first result of these studies was a translation of the Song of Songs, with a commentary historical and critical, published in 1857.
Many historical and other works besides.
I called an historical society, or two.
AURUNCI, the name given by the Romans to a tribe which in historical times occupied only a strip of coast on either side of the Mons Massicus between the Volturnus and the Liris, although it must at an earlier period have extended over a considerably wider area.
Vico raised the problem to a higher plane, by tracing the origin of law in the human mind and explaining the historical changes of the one by those of the other.
Thompson, Historical Sketches of Bridlington (1821); Victoria County History: Yorkshire.
The minority, among whom were prominent Ca" "pals Rauscher and Schwarzenberg, Hefele, bishop of Rotterdam (the historian of the councils) Cardinal Mathieu, Mgr Dupanloup, Mgr Maret, &c., &c., did not pretend to deny the papal infallibility; they pleaded the inopportuneness of the definition and brought forward difficulties mainly of an historical order, in particular the famous condemn ion of Pope Honorius by the 6th ecumenical council of Const: ntinople in 680.
Having abandoned the conception of the ancients as to the divine subjection of the will of a nation to some chosen man and the subjection of that man's will to the Deity, history cannot without contradictions take a single step till it has chosen one of two things: either a return to the former belief in the direct intervention of the Deity in human affairs or a definite explanation of the meaning of the force producing historical events and termed "power."
They all flow naturally from our daily and historical experience.