The royal dupe was the last man in the world to check the advance of the papacy.
The nominal head was the king's brother Charles, duke of Berry, then eighteen years old, a weak character, the tool of the rebels as he was later the dupe of the king.
From that day Spain became a partthe leader, then the paymaster, then the dupe-of the international monarchical confederation.
Even if he were not the author of the forgeries he can scarcely have been the dupe of his own partisans.
It is generally believed that Marie Antoinette was stainless in the matter, that Rohan was an innocent dupe, and that the Lamottes deceived both for their own ends.
Nothing is now extant to prove that, if this lady really existed, she was the Laura of the Canzoniere, while there are reasons for suspecting that the abbe was either the fabricator of a romance flattering to his own family, or the dupe, of some previous impostor.