26, Economic Resources of the Northern Black Hills, 1904), and of the South Dakota School of Mines (Bulletin No.
South Dakota in 1889 had only 15,717 acres of irrigated land.
He was chairman of the committee on territories, and took an active part in urging the admission as states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, Idaho and Montana, which finally came into the Union during his presidency.
Holland, France, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, Sicily, Greece, Hungary, Silesia, Moravia, Westphalia, Brunswick, Hanover, Schleswig-Holstein, (German) Silesia, Poland, Kutais, Uralsk, Turkestan, Armenia, Syria, Arabia, Persia, Tunis, Egypt, West Africa, British Columbia, Alberta, Assiniboia, Athabasca, Manitoba, New Jersey, South Dakota, Washington, Montana, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming, Colorado, California, New Mexico, Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mexico, Hayti, Trinidad, Colombia, Argentina [?], New Zealand.
Wortman and C. Earle, "Ancestors of the Tapir from the Lower Miocene of Dakota," Bull.
By South and North Dakota - the Red River (commonly called the Red River of the North) separating it from the latter state - on the N.
North Dakota and Manitoba.
The rapid settling of the state drove its native fauna, which comprised buffalo, deer, moose, bear, lynx and wolves, in great numbers into the northern sections, westward into Dakota, or across the Canadian border.
Little Crow and his followers kept up desultory raids from the Dakota country, during one of which in July 1863 he lost his life.
The derivation of Assiniboia is from two Ojibway words, assini meaning a stone, and the termination "to cook by roasting"; from these came a name first applied to a Dakota or Sioux tribe living on the Upper Red river; afterwards when this tribe separated from the Dakotas, its name was given to the branch of the Red river which the tribe visited, the river being known as the Assiniboine and the tribe as Assiniboin.
By North Dakota and South Dakota; S.
That part which lies east of the mountains was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and became successively a part of Missouri Territory in 1812, of Nebraska Territory in 1854, of Dakota Territory in 1861 and of Idaho Territory in 1863; that which lies west of the mountains became successively a part of Oregon Territory in 1848, of Washington Territory in 1853 and of Idaho Territory in 1863.
In 1884, partly because his political life seemed at least for the immediate present to be at an end, partly on account of the freedom and activity of out-of-door life, he bought two cattle ranches near Medora on the Little Missouri river in North Dakota, where he lived for two years, becoming intimately associated with the life and spirit of the western portion of the United States.
'SOUTH DAKOTA, one of the North Central states of the American Union, lying between 42° 28' and 45° 57' N.
By North Dakota; E.
The greater part of the James River Valley lies in the bed of the extinct Lake Dakota, which was once a very narrow body of water extending northward from about the latitude of the present town of Mitchell for a short distance into what is now North Dakota.
To its junction with the Big Sioux river separates South Dakota from Nebraska.
The Big Sioux river rises in the Coteau des Prairies in the north-east and flows almost directly south for a distance of 300 m., in the lower part of its course forming the boundary between South Dakota and Iowa.
To the west of this stream and almost parallel with it is the James or Dakota river, which rises in North Dakota and follows a general course southward until it joins the Missouri river near Yankton.
The portion of South Dakota east of the Missouri river is dotted with numerous lakes, ranging from small ponds to bodies of water from Io to 15 m.
The climate of South Dakota is of a continental type.
Agriculture is the leading industry in South Dakota; in 1900 out of 137,156 persons engaged in occupations, 82,857 followed agricultural pursuits.
Of the total product value in 18 99, 7 8.3% was represented by cereals, South Dakota ranking sixteenth among the states in cereal production.
Valued at $42,829,000, South Dakota ranking third among the states.
The minerals of South Dakota, of which gold is the most important, are chiefly found in the Black Hills region.
Manufacturing in South Dakota is of little importance and is confined chiefly to articles for home consumption.
The railway mileage of Dakota in 1870 (before the present states of South and North Dakota were erected) was only 75 m., and in 1880, 1225 m.
In 1890 the mileage of South Dakota was 2610 m., in 1900, 2961 m., and in 1909, 3776 m.
The total population of South Dakota in 1890 (the date of the first Federal census taken since its separate existence as a state) was 328,808, and in 1900 it was 401,570; the increase from 1890 to 1900 being (exclusive of persons on Indian reservations) 16.8%.
South Dakota was the first American state to adopt the initiative and referendum.
South Dakota long bore a notorious reputation for the laxity of its divorce laws.
NORTH DAKOTA, one of the North Central states of the American Union, between 45° 55' and 49° N., and 96° 25' and 104° 3' W.
By South Dakota, W.
North Dakota has an extreme length, E.
North Dakota lies in the Prairie Plains and Great Plains physiographic provinces.
North Dakota has a mean elevation of 1900 ft.
The James river, flowing southward into South Dakota, is the Missouri's only important eastern tributary within the state.
The flora of North Dakota is typical of a semi-arid country.
It was estimated that the fourth project, the lower Yellowstone, on the western bank of the river of that name, would furnish water for 66,000 acres of land, of which 20,000 lie in Dawson county, North Dakota, and the rest in Montana.
The fifth project, the Bowman, was to irrigate 10,000 acres in North Dakota and the northwestern part of South Dakota by storing the waters of the North Fork of Grand river.
In the acreage of this cereal in 1909 (according to the Year-book of the U.S. Department of Agriculture), North Dakota ranked first, and in the crop second among the states of the Union, its total yield being 90,762,000 bushels, valued at $83,501,000.
With the exception of lignite, which underlies a large portion of the western half of the state, North Dakota has few mineral deposits of commercial value.