Pheasants, ducks, geese and snipe are abundant, and Dr C. Collingwood in his Naturalist's Rambles in the China Seas mentions .Ardea prasinosceles and other species of herons, several species of fly-catchers, kingfishers, shrikes and larks, the black drongo, the Cotyle sinensis and the Prinia sonitans.
The values are 1.5 times the Attic (Athenaeus, Theophrastus, &c.) (2, 18), or more closely 11 to 12 times (1/8)th of Attic. Hence, the Attic cotyle being 17.5 cub.
The Boeotian system (18) included the achane; if this=Persian, then cotyle = 24.7.
Or, separately through the Roman system, the mnasis of Cyprus (18) equals 170 sextarii; then the cotyle = 24.8.
By the theory of the metretes being 1.5 talents Aeginetan, the cotyle would be 23.3 to 24.7 cub.
By the theory (18) of 2 metretes = cube of the 18.67 cubit from the 12.45 foot, the cotyle would be about 25.4, within 0.4; but then such a cubit is unknown among measures, and not likely to be formed, as 12.4 is (3/5)ths of 20.6.
The value of the cotyle from the Naxian slab is 15.4 (best, others 14.6-19.6); from a vase about 16.6; from the Panidum slab 17.1 (var.
It is supposed that the Panathenaic vases were intended as metretes; this would show a cotyle of 14.4-17.1.
The theories of connexion give, for the value of the cotyle, metretes = Aeginetan talent --
In., closely agreeing with the cotyle of Gythium.
The crag-martin (Cotyle rupestris) haunts lofty cliffs in the alpine region.