He reached Benin, but was seized with dysentery at a village called Gwato, and died there on the 3rd of December 1823.
The bay formed by the configuration of the land between Cape St Paul and the Nun mouth of the Niger is known as the Bight of Benin, the name being that of the once powerful native state whose territory formerly extended over the whole district.
Missions:: Nile Delta, Benin, Ivory Coast, Gold Coast, Dahomey, Upper Niger.
Into the huge delta of the Niger several other rivers (the " Oil Rivers ") empty themselves; the chief being, on the west, the Benin, and on the east the Brass.
Besides the people of Benin, the coast tribes include the Jekri, living on the lower part of the Benin river and akin to the Yoruba, the Ijos, living in the delta east of the main mouth of the Niger, and the Ibos, occupying a wide tract of country just above the delta and extending for loo m.
Benin (q.v.), about 60 m.
Inland from the mouth of the Benin river, and Bende, about 50 m.
Wari and Sapele are towns in the Benin district.
Of Benin city, is an important trade centre for the Yoruba country, in which are the large cities of Abeokuta, Ibadan and Illorin, all separately noticed.
The Beni appear to have been the most powerful race at the time of the discovery of the coast by the Portuguese in the 15th century, and the kings of Benin in the 17th century ruled a large part of the south-western portion of the existing British protectorate (see Benin).
The Benin influence does not seem to have reached east of the Forcados mouth of the Niger.
The most serious military operations were against the Beni, a peaceful mission to the king of Benin having been massacred in the bush in January 1897.
The operations were completely successful and the Benin country was added to the protectorate (see Benin).
Illorin is a great trading centre, Hausa caravans bringing goods from central Africa, and merchandise from the coasts of the Mediterranean, which is distributed from Illorin to Dahomey, Benin and the Lagos hinterland, while from the Guinea coast the trade is in the hands of the Yoruba and comes chiefly through Lagos.